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Israel & The Middle East I. Modern History A. Great Britain, Palestine & the Zionists 1. Balfour Declaration 1917 a. National home for Jews & rights of inhabitants 2. WWII migration & British limits B. Post-Holocaust reaction 1. Truman approves independent Jewish state 2. U.N. approves Jewish & Muslim states a. Jewish people declare state of Israel C. War of 1948 1. Refugees to Jordan 2. State of Lebanon created as Christian community D. Suez War of 1956 1. Egypt (Nasser) v. France, Britain & Israel 2. United Arab Republic formed 3. PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) & Arafat (1964) E. Israel 1. Conflicting interests a. Parliament (Knesset) 2. Air strikes (1967) against Egypt (6 day war) a. Occupation of Sinai Peninsula & West Bank 3. 1973 Egypt (Sadat) attacks Sinai F. Carter, Sadat, Begin & the Camp David Accords (1978) 1. Israel relinquishes Sinai G. 1993-Palestinian autonomy in Israel, Palestine recognizes Israel H. Tensions remain until 2000 when fighting flares again
"Israel _ The Mid East - TeacherWeb"