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1936

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									                                       PALESTINE.




     Department of Migration




     ANNUAL REPORT
                  1936


             JERUSALEM. 1937




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                              TABLE OF CONTENTS




        Leite1' oj s1lbmission of 'repo?'t to Government                        1



        Rep01't


             Pa1't (i)             Geneml                                       4

             p(wt (ii)             The :statistics of 11/;igmi'ion, 1936       gO

             Pa'rt (iiiJ -         Oitizenship ancZ cognate matte1'S           32

        Princvpcll tables    (~f    m1:gmtion .. "                         .... 86


                                                                           .... 79


        8u,bsicliary tables of migration ....                              .... 88

.   .
                         CORRIGENDA

Page   H.   Last line of l)al'a.gra.ph 21.
            For '1930' substitute '1920'.
Page 15.    Paragra.ph 44. The row beginning with '1935' should be
            1935        61,854        37,739         61.0
Page 21.    Parag'l'aph 61, fifth line from bottom.
            For 'Expsl'ssion' road 'Expression'.
Page 2H.    Paragraph 66, last line but one.
            For 'nltel'l1ately' read 'ultimately'.
Page 28.    Third line. Read 'that part of the population'.
Page 28.    Paragraph 76, secoIll1 sub-paragl·a.ph thereof.
            'Mala.cljufltmmlt' is Sl)elt three timGs conectly, 011ce wrongly.
Page HO.    Paragraph 7H. Sixth !ilHJ from bottom.
            'Dil'ive<1' sholll!l he 'derived'.
Page 31.    Heading' of the table in paragraph 71::1.
            For 'assnmption' read 'assumptions'.
                                                                  E. M.
                             PREFACE

  Submission to Government of the Annual Report of the Department
                  of Migration for the year 1936.

The Honourable the Chief Secretary,

                                                       Office of Commissioner
                                                        Migration and Statistics
                                                                  Jerusalem
                                                                  Palestine.
                                                           7tll February, 1937.
Sir,

   I have the honour to submit for approval in accordance with general regula-
tions my report of the activities of the Department of Migration during the
year 1936.

  The arrangement of the report is similar to that which I adopted for the
year 1935, and which had the approval of Government and, I believe, gave
some satisfl1Ction to the general public.

   In part (ii) of the report - the statistics of migration ,1936, - I have diR-
ullssed some of the ideas which I expressed in my report on the census of
population taken in 1931, in relation to the policy under which immigration
into Palestine is conducted. In particular I have drawn attention to the
very real need for researeh into the variation of real income and the standard
of life in Palestine ,and, also the problematic character of the natural fertility
of the Jewish population in Palestine.

  It is agreeable to acknowledge the co-operation of the immigrant and tra-
velling public including ships' officers in the collection of many data regarding
movement to and from Palestine, a system of inquiry which is necessary but
which is also irritating to those who do not understand the reason for requiring
detailed information about individuals.

   I am glad to report that the officers of the department performed' their du-
ties efficiently throughout the year, and I am also happy that some of them
gave useful service to Government in temporary duties with the police and
military forces, with district [l.chninistration, and within your own office.

  It is my duty and privilege to express once. again my sense of obligation to
His Majesty's Consular and Passport Control Officers for their painstaking and
l1ngrudging work in assisting me to dischar~e the many duties of my office.
And I acknowledge with gratitude the debt I owe to the Director of Medical
Services, the Inspector-General of Police, the Director of Customs, Excise and
Trade and the General Manager of the Railways for their ever-ready help
when I needed assistance and advice, and, on occasion, theil' forbearance when
they have thought me exigent.

  ,\lI of which I submit for His Excellency'S pleasure.


                                             I have the honour to be,
                                                        Sir,
                                               your obedient servant,

                                                  E. MILLS.
                                    Commissioner for Migration and Statistics,
                                   Acting Direetor Department of Immigration.
THE REPORT
                                                          PAR~l' (1)    Gli1NBRA1J.

Origin of              1.   A brief record of the crel1tion of the department an<1 its t:mbsequent
Department of        mu tations is given in the aunna,l l'eportH for the years HI:-l4: !lull 19315.
Migration.
Present organiza'      2. At the en(l of 1936 the departmellt was (livi<led into the following three
tion.                branches controlled from hea,c1qual'ters in J (~rUfllLlelll :--
                                     (a) '1'he inland immigmtion ofiil'l'K
                                     (b) ~I.'he frontier ('(Hltrol service
                                     (e) r[,he paKKpOl't ttnd (·iti?:enship oftice.
                         '1'he inland immigration ofiices at '1'el Aviv, 1:l'!1ifa, ,Jel'lls[l,lem, Jaffa and
                     'j'iberias cleal with applic!1tio118 by l'esiclen(;H of eauh cliHtriet for immigration,
                     passport and citizel1Hhip services. ~rhe office at '1'el Aviv was opened in April,
                     1986, as a result of the c1isturbnnt'E'R u.t; .1 affn, !tnd most of t.he Ri,aft formerly at
                     Jaffa are now stationed at Tel Aviv.
                       'l'he frontier control service is cOlleel'ned \vi th the control of the movement
                     of [tU perSOl1H into and out of IJalestine through the portfl of .Tttffa and
                     Haifa, the frontier controls at Kanta1'l1, Has ell Nuqum, ROHh Pil1l1l1, Samakh,
                     Allenby Briclge and Beershebtt and the lLir-pol't controls or (htza and Lydda.
                     rrhe work at the last three stl1tions is performed by eUfltollls oflieers on behalf
                     of the DeplLl'tment of Migration. 'rhe Allenh~' Bridge fl'Ollt;if'l' control WfiK
                     opened in J mnmry, 1937.
                        'l'he passport [1nd citizenship o1'nce ill J enlSltlem dealt.; with all questions of
                     vel'iflCatioll of nationality l1l1d all applications for the gt'an t of ei tizenship, the
                     issue of passports and the g.rant of return viRtu; for Palestine l'oeoived through
                     the outstations or directly from l'esidents of the .Tel'llsl11em clistl'iet.
                        '1'he headquarters ofJ:\.ce of the department cleals directly with [1U applica-
                     tions received through His Majesty's passport control an<l ('onsnlar OfiiCOl'fl
                     abroftd and with the preparations of the labour sche<lnlo.
Number of               3. At the end of 1936, the approved staff of t.he (lCpllrLlIlent eOl1sisted of a
officel's.
                     totftl of 170 officers, c1ividec1 as follows :-
                     13 officers in the first division                   (executive officers with sl11arieR of not
                                                                        less than £P .300 [1 year)
                     85 offic:erR in the second division                 (c1erie!11 [LUll other officers with salt1-
                                                                        l'i eR of less than :QP .360 n yetM')
                     7'2 unclassified offi eel'S                        (extra clerical assiRtance, dOOl'keepen"
                                                                        messengel'R, cleaners and immigra-
                                                                        t.ion guards ill'l'eeeipt 01' wageR of less
                                                                        t.1mll .£P.l'20 It yea]')
Growth of               4. '1'he growth in size of the c:htssifted RtafT of (,he department Bince itll
cl assified staff.
                     crel1tion is revealed in the following table : -
                                                   Year           Total        First       i:lel101ll1
                                                                p~r~()Un~1    Divisicn    Division
                                                                                           . -_.'.-


                                               1922               38             ()          :3'2
                                               1923               27             fi          21
                                               192'J              22             fi          16
                                               1925               21             [)          16
                                               1926               47             ()          41
                                               1927               67           10            57
                                               19'28               71           9            62
                                               19'29               72          10            11'2
                                               1930                G9            \)          GO
                                               1931                70            9           61
                                               1932                69            8           61
                                               1933                79            9           70
                                               193,J               91           la           78
                                               1935                88           la           75
                                               198("i              98           13           85
                                                             4-
  ;'i. Prior to 1934 no records of uncbssined staff are available. In 1934              Growth of un-
twenty-one unclassifiecl officel's were employed; in 1935, sixty-nine; in 193(1         elassified staff.
seventy-two.

  6. '}'he distribution of staff among the several offices of the department at         Distribution of
the end of 1936 was as follows :- .                                                     stall.



       OFFICE                                     First     Seconcl
                                   Total Staff                         Unc1nssified
                                                 Division   Division

'l'otal                              170         13           85          72

.A..    Headquarters                  cUi          A          91          18

B.      Inland Immigration
        Offices ;- Tel Aviv           20           ob          9          13
                   Hiifa              13           1           9           3
                   .Terusalem          8           1           ;)          2
                   Jaffa                7          1           :2          4
                   Tiberias             1                      :2          2


Total Inland Immigra-
    tion Offices                      58          7           27         :H


C
-,.     Frontier Oontrol
        Service:

        ]\'ontiel' Control
             Qffice: Haifa              3         1            1          1
        Haifa Port                      9                      6          3
        Jaffa Port                    13                       1.        12
        Kantara                         9                      5          4
        Ras en N aqura                  0                      3          3
        Rosh Pinna                      5                      :2          3
        AHenby Bridge                   2                      1.          1
                             ...
'l'otal Frontier Control
      Service                         47          1           19         27

D.      Passport and Citizen-
        ship Office           22                  1           18           3


    7. rPhe four inland immigration offices at 'reI Aviv, Haifa, Jerusalem and          Work performed
Jaffa have all the same organization: that at Tiberias is a small sub-office. In        by inln,nd
                                                                                        immigration
describing the work of these offices it will suffice to regard the inlanc1 office at    offices.
Tel Aviv as t.ypical. All applicants are first seen by an inquiry clerk who an-
swers minor queries, issues forms of applications and directs applicants to the
application clerk concerned. At the end of 1936 there were three application
clerks ,one receiving applications for immigrants (chiefly de1?endants of resi-
dents of Palestine) , one receiving appliC:lLtons foJ' pa.ssports., VIsas ana changeB
of names and one receiving applicatiollfl for naturalization. 'l'he applicatiollf;
for passports, visas, naturalization and changes of names 111'e transmitted di-
rectIy to the Passport [1t1c1 Citizenship Office at .Jerusalem. Palestiniall
passports can now, however, be renewed and endorsed anc1 return visas for
l)l1lestine granted at the inland immigration offices at. Tel Aviv, Haifa and
,T affa in ad(litiol1 to .T erusa,lem.

   vVhel'e necessary, immigl'fLtiol1 ltpplicntiol1s are investigated by an outdoor
illvestigator who visits the applicants lLt their homes or places of employment
and checks statements on which t1 decision depends. The applications sub-
mitted at Tel Aviv are then considered individually by an Inspector of Migra-
tion at Tel Aviv who records his decision on each. If the application is re-
jected, the applicant is RO infol'merl: if it is approved, an immigration certi- .

                                                        -5-
                      fiCltte is issued by the certifiClLl·e l;lerk, i:ligned by the Assistant Oommissioner
                      of Migration and despatched ,to the appl~cant with to copy to His Majesty's
                      passport contr~l or consllla~' offi?el' a,broac1m. w h.ose dependency the ~rospectlve
                      immigrant reSIdes. The llnmlgra~lOn apph?atlo? ~lel'k at Tel AVl~ also r~­
                      ceives applications from t~'avellers ll~ Tel AVII' ':lsh~ng to exte~1~ theIr stay ~n
                      Palestine beyond the penod a,uthol'lze~l bJ:' then' VIsas 01.' ~lesll'lng to remam
                      permanently in Palestine. .These apphca~lOns are also. deClded ?y an Inspec-
                      tor of Migration ftl; 'l'el AVIV. r.rhe r81m1mder of the mlancl offiee staff con-
                      sists of a supervisor, archivists, iudex amI despatch clerks and typists.

Volume of work          8. rfhe volume of recol'ded work performed during 1936 by the four inland
in inland im·         immigration offices is as follows;-
migration
offices.                                                     ;raffa and                Haifa              .J ()rll~ldelll
                            'l'ype of wOJ'k                                                                                     '.l'iberiaR
                                                              Tcl Ayiv

                      Communications received                 27,608               12,44·7                 5,467                 1,857
                      Communications u.espatcl1ed             40,531               19,038                 n,061                  2,093
                      Immigration applications
                      received                                  () ,105                a,llH                ,l,i343                104
                      Authorities given to travellers
                      to remain longer in Pa1E'stine            1,855                    1)88                1,161

Volume of                9. 'fhe compal'f1tive figures iD 193() ancl previous years or the volume of
work in inland        J'ecordecl work in all inlanfl immigration offices together are as follows : -
immigration
officcs in prcviouR
yelll~.                     'l'ypc of work                   Hl32               1933           H)B·l             1931)           1936

                      Immigration applications
                      l'eeeivec1                            'J,97(1       9,948          Hl,15H             27,802              13,671
                      Au thori ties given to travellers
                      to remain longer in .PnleRtine          D8:;\       1,llB                3,001             5,086           4,004·
Organization             10. The frontier control service it; administered by an assistant commis-
of the frontier       sioner stationed not Haifa. At; 1;he end of 1936 his R1;aff W[\1:l distributed as
control               follows :--
service.
                           Haifa port              An acting inspector ltnd five control clerks
                           Jaffa port              An inspector and one control clerk
                           Rantara                 An acting il1speetor anrl fo111' r.ontl'Ol de!'];).;
                           Ras en N aqlll'a        Three control clerkR
                           Rosh Pinna              Two control elerkil
                           Allenby Bridge          Two oon1;l'Ol clerks.
                        At 'l'ibel'ias, the two clerical officers in the inland immigmtion office aJso
                      undertake frontier control duties at Samakh.

Work per·
                         :1:1: At .Hai!a a~1d Jaffa, the inspectol' and control clerks board each ship
formed by the         (1:'nvmg :-V1th lmmlgrants or travellers, examine all pltssports and immigra-
frontier con·         tlOn certificates and allow those persons whose papers are in order to dis-
trol service.         embark. Persons whose papers are not in order are not allowed to land ex-
                      cept in deten tion, pending final c1isposal of their cases.                 '
                         '1'11e inspector cont~'ols the lanc1il~g. of pa,ssengers and crews from ships in
                      harbour for. short per~odi3 nnd the VISlts of persons from land to ships in ha1'-
                      ?0Ul'. . He .IS l'e~pOl~Slble .generally for tftking adequate measures to prevent
                      IllegallmmlgratlOl1 mto Ins administrative diRtl'ict by sefL.               .

Volume of               12. r1'be ~tatistics of ~he traffic through the ports in both directions month
traffic through       by month WIll he found 111 principal table No. XVI at the end of this report.
fronticr con.
trols.
Volume of                1tl. '1'he relative changes in the volume of work at the frontier controls
traffic through       lLfe iudica,tecl below:
frontier controls
in prevIOUS                         Frontier                      1930      ]1):15                     11),3<1           1~3o
years.                              control
                                   ---_.                        Por cent. Per cent.               1.'01' GOUt.      Pcr cent.

                               All controls                           100              100             100               100
                               Ras en N aqura                         87                30              31               27
                               Haifa                                  31                27              22               21
                               Kantara                                16                16              20               24
                               Rosh Pinna                                 ;j            15              13               11
                               Jaffa                                      \1            10              12               14
                               Samakh                                     ::\            1               1                2
                               OtherF!                                    1              "1.                I               1

                                                 -fi-
      14. At the end of 1935, the headquarters of the department was organized                             Work done by
,LS   follows : -                                                                                          headquarters.'
          (a) Commissioner's office.
          (b) Immigration branch, dealing with appeals from inland offices COl'-
              respondence with His Majesty's passport control and consul~r of-
              ficers abroad and, in conjunction with the Palestine Police Force,
              the control of illegal immigration.                                '
          (c) Headquarters registry, typing, despatch iLnd at:C0l111ts and stareR
              offices.
                rr~1e economic research and statlstieal work connected with mig-
             gl'atlOn formerly done by the headquarters of the department was
             partially transferred to the Office of Statistics, at the end of the
             year under revie·w.
  15. The volume of recorded correspondence in the headquarters of the                                     Volume of
department in 1936 ana previous years is shewn in the following table:""":"                                work done by
                                                                                                           hendquarters.'
                                     COIumunicatiol1s Communications
                   YeaI'                                                                'l'otal
                                       lle$patched       received
                                                                 ---                 -----"-
                    1936                       18,92.1              2.8,732           47,653
                    1935                       88,2.59              39,2.2.8          77,487
                    1934                       51,12.5              59,798           100,923
                    1933                       5'J,030              66,671           120,701
                    1932                       41,511               67,716           109,2.27
                    JJ)31                      49,571               52,289           101,860
                    No figmes are available prior to 1931. '1'he flglll'6S for 1934.
                    1935 and 1936 do not include communications in the passport
                    and citizen ship 1mtne11.
   16. Appeals against immigration det:isom; given by inland officers [t1'e de-                            Appeal system.
cided by t4e Commissioner after taking the opinions of one 01' two head-
quarters officers. The number of appeals decided during 1936 /l·uel its propor-
tion to the number of applications are :-
   Number of immigration applications submitted                                                   13,671
   Number of applications approved                                                                12,087
  Number of applications appl'Oved per lOO ltpplications submitted                                    88
  Number of appeals submittecl                                                                     2,271
  Number of appeals approved                                                                        383
  Number of appeals approved per IOU a.ppeals submitted                                              17
  'Cotal number of applications a'PPl'oved in first Illstanee
    and on appeal                                                                                 12,470
  Number of applications approved in first instance and on appeal
    per 100 applieations submitted                                                                   91
  17. The revenue and expenditure of the department in 1936 as compared                                    Cost of the
with those of previous finn.nejal yem's are shown in the following table :_                                depal'tment.
                                                          Actual                 AcLual
                             Yenl'                       RevenUe'              Expenditure
                                                           LP.                    LP.
                      ~--~----       .. --~-                                   --'-
                            192.2-3                      13,400                10,000
                            1923-:1                      11,900                 8,300
                            1.9Q4-o                      24,300                 7,000
                            192.5-0                      44,800                 9,200
                            1926-7                       23,900                13,900
                            1927-8                       1.-1,800              19,500
                            1928-9                       13,100                18,600
                            1929-30                      15,300                17,600
                            1930-31                      12.,400               18,200
                            1931-32                      17,600                18,600
                            1932-33                      19,500                18,800
                            1933-34                      51,900                20,300
                            1934-35                      H3.300                29,100
                            1935-8Ci                     70.100                29,100
                            1936
                           (April-
                           December                  35,300                    :34,000
                           No fignres are available prior to 1922.-0,
                           Revenue from forfpited deposits is not included.

                                                                      7-
                        In addition to this expenditure, approxiumtely ;B}?1 ,500 were spent during
                      1936 for printing on behalf of :pepa~·tment of Migl:ation by the Government
                      Printer and "£P.2,018 on rents by DIrector of Pl1bhe Works.

                        At the end of 1936, the frontier control post at Allenby Bridge was still
                      under construction. A site for ~1 frontier control post at .Tisr Mejamie haB
                      been selected and a post "will shortly be established there.

                        '1'he pl'Ogntrnme of CfLpitltl expenditme on improvements for the reception
                      and disposal of immigrants at the various controls which had been postponed
                      as a result of the c1istul'hmW8S was nncler reconsideration a,t; the end of the
                      year.

 Relation of            J.8.   'l'he ,l'e~ation of the expenditure of the depal'tmellt to the volume of
 expenditure
 to migl'ation.       migl'H,tion is shO"\vn in the following' table ;-.

                                                                Inwaru                             Cust PI'1'
                                                  Year
                                                                tl'aflie                           person
                                             .   ---------    .--~         ...


                                                 1928           57,78B                            144, milK
                                                 1924           82,O3"1.                             85 mils
                                                 I.fl26       119,9(30                               77 rui1H
                                                 192(1          87,958                             \.58 mill'
                                                  1927          86,818                            225 milK
                                                 1928           01,727                            203 milR
                                                 1929           D3,063                            1.89 milK
                                                 1930           \)·:l,57G                         U)2 mUs
                                                 193]           BO,B3J                            20G milR
                                                 1932         .lOO,G7B                            188 mils
                                                 1933         14,1,478                            U3 milR
                                                 1934         J.76,68]                            1.65 milR
                                                 1.93;)       280,64:-3                           .lm) milR
                                                 1930         JA7 ,93~                            21~  mils


                    W. 'J'he expenditme of the department                                   III   1~)HG \"as           approxima.tel~'
                  distributed as fo11o\V8 : -

                                                                                                  1"'1' IJeuL. of luial
                                                                                                      c;xpclldil;ul"I'

                                                 '.L'ota,l                              100
                                                  (a) Hea.dquarters                      31
                                                 (b) Inland immigration ofliees          W2
                                                 (c) Frontier control service            25
                                                  (Cl) Pa,sspol't and citizenship office ]2


                  't :30. 'rIle departmental revenue in IBBo (exc:luding forfeited deposits) ILnd
                  I s sources were as follows :_

                                                                            All lllllll I                 ['er "uu!.
                                        'l'ype of   fel'                    ,'o\lecte,j                    of total
                                                                                 LP.                      revenue.
                                 'l'otal                                   ,1:1.150                       100.U
                                 Overtime fees                                 500                          1.0
                                 Passport and ViSIL fees                   JJ5,350                         81.H
                                 Naturalization fees                         2.450                          ;) .1
                                 Fees on registration of
                                     i.l11 migran ts                       :39.00n                         (iO.~
                                 Interest 011 deposit I] (;count               70u                          1.5
                                 Miscellaneolls fees                           1.50                         0.3

 [rnmigration
nnd emigration    • 21.. 'l'?e ,statiRtics of immigration fol' the yelH' 193(:1 lwe the subject of
in 1986 and       eXa.mlllatlOn Ul the second part of this report. .
previous years.


                                                      -8-
    The figures for Jewish immigration in 1936 and previous years are !1i:1
 follows :-

                                        YelLr             Total number of Jewish
                                                           immigrants registered
                              (*) 1920.1924                      42,784
                                     1925·1929                   57,022
                                     1930                         4,944
                                     1931                         4,075
                                     1932                         9,553
                                     1933                        30,327
                                     1934                        4~,359
                                     1935                       61,854
                                     1936                       29,727
                                         Total                  282,645
                          (*) 'I'he figures for 1930. date from September that year.



    22. In the census of 1931, the Jewish population of :Palestine was 175,000                             Growlh of
 or 17 per cent. of the total population of Palestine, then 1,036,000. At the                              Jewish cam·
                                                                                                           munity in Pal·
 30th June, 1936, it was estimated at 374,000 persons or 28 per cent. of the                               estine:
 total population of Palestine, estimated at 1,336,000 persons.. These esti-
 mates are prepared from the returns of births and deaths and of persons re-
 corded as arriving' in and departing from Palestine. The number of persons
 illegally in Palestine wbo have not been entered in the records is, of course,
 unknown.

   23. The statistics of birthplace, usual place of residence and citizenship                              Travellers
of travellers registered as immigrants in 1936 are shown in the principal tables                           registered
f1t the mid of the report and proportionate distributions will be found in the
                                                                                                           as immigrants.
subsidiary tables following the principal tables.
   24.     The following table will illustrate the changes in the principal sources                       Source 6f
                                                                                                          immigration.
of Jewish immigration :-
                                                   :Proportion per 100 Jewish immigl'ants
         Country of previous abode                    coming from all countries in years
                                                      1922-1929   1934      1935      1935
          All countries                                   100       100       100        100
          Poland                                           46        43        ,16        41
          Russia                                           20                    1         2
          Germany                                                   16         14         27
          Bumania                                          6         5           6            5
          Lithuania                                        5         3           3           3
          United States of America                         3         3           3           1
          Others                                          20        30         27           21
   Poland still remains for (me! away the principal reservoir for the supply of
Jewish immigrants to PaleHtine, Germany having replaced Russia in the
seco11(l place.

  25. The occ:up(1tions of immigrants, travellers registered as immigrants                                Occupation of
and residents departing permanently are ShO,"11 in the principal and subsi-                               immigrants,
                                                                                                          travellers re-
diary tables at the end of this report.                                                                   gistered as im·
                                                                                                          migrRnts and
   The val'iations in the pl'oport:onal distribution of previous occupations                              residents de-
among recordec1 Jewish immigrants in 1936 and the foUl' previous years are                                parting per·
                                                                                                          manently.
as follows ;-
                                                            Proportion per 100 of occupied
         Occnpation                                                 immigrants
                                                   1932       1\J33      1934        1935         ]\)36

Agricu 1ture                                       4.5        5.6          4.5          5.2       10.5
Manufacture and construction                      12.2       15.5         12.2         10.5        6.9
Commerce                                           6.5        6.0          6.9          5.1        5.6
TJiberal professions                               3.'4       5.2          '1.3         3.8        3.5
Students over 16 years of age                      1.8        1.9          4.8          3.1        4.8
Other specified occupations .                      5.5        4.2          2.5          1.1        2.5
General labourers                                 12.6       10.0          7.0          7.3        3.7
Other occupations, mostly
  depenc1an ts                                    53.7       51.6         57.8       63.9         62.5

                                                       -9-
Jewish immig.          26. rl'he number and proportions of ,Tewish immigrants in category A(i)
ra,nts with          entering Palestine in 1936 and previous yea.rs a.re as follows:-
£P.l.000 and
upwards -
Oategory A (i)                                                                              :Proportion
                                                                  Total number                per 100
                                 Year                              (excluding            of total .T cwish
                                                                   dependants)             immigrants
                                                                 ------_ _-    ..



                              Oapital of at least LP .500
                              1926                                      553                        4
                              1927                                      139                        5
                                                                        173                        8
                              1928                                                                 Lt
                              1929                                      207

                               Oapital of at least LP.I000
                               1930                                     178                        <1
                               1931                                     233                        f:i
                               1932                                     727                        8
                               1933                                   3,250                        11
                               1934                                   5.124                        12
                               1935                                   (3,309                       10
                               1936                                   2,970                        10


                       This category was created in 1922.      rrhere Hre no figures excluding de-
                     pendants prior to 1926.


 Capital im'           27. The amount of capitttl ownetl by immigrants is not declared. No in-
 pQl·ted by Jewish   clusive figures of deposits by such immigrants in Palestine banks are avail-
 immigrants.         able. Some of the capital of immigrants is still abroad; part is invested di-
                     Tectly on a,rrival, and part does not pass through the hanks at f~ll.


 Capital export          28. In September. 1933 ,a licence Wl1S given by the G-erman Govemment
 agreement with       to "HaavaTa" ("Transfer") Company, [~ German-Jewish organization in
 Germany.             Pl1lestine with agents in Berlin, in virtue of which German-Jewish capital
                      might be transferred to Palestine against German goods imported into Pales-
                      tine. The amount of capital released by the German Government for export
                      each month considerably declined during 1935. In the latter part of 1935 the
                      transfer anang-ements were brought under the direct ('ontl'ol of the ,Tewish
                      Agency. In 1936 the German Government enodec1 [1 decree under which in
                      certain conditions the tl'[l,nsfer of capital from Germany to Palestine by J ew-
                      ish immigrants was faeilitatecl.        -                .               .


  Persons of the        29. The number of immigrants of the liberal professions with LP.500 and
  liberal profes-     upwfU'Cls in 1936 lWc1 previous yel11'S are as follows :-
  sions with
  £P.500 and liP'
  "I'Iards -
  Category A(ii).               Year                   Total    .Tews               01on-.}C\\'A


                                1930                    2                                   3
                                1931                    1         1
                                1932                    1         1
                                1933                    2         2
                                1934                    3         3
                                1935                   10         7                         3
                                193(3

                      rrhis category W,1S created ill 1930.


  Overcrowding           30. Owing to the overcrowding of certain professions, notablv the medical,
  of the liberal      leg'al and engineering, the admission of persons in the liberal pr"ofessions with
  professions.
                      LP .500 and upwards is still restricted. A number of professional men who
                      e?tere(~ in categ.ol'Y A (i) as possessing LP.l ,000 have changed their profes-
                      SIons 8111ce admlsslOn and have established themselves in agriculture, indus-
                      try, commerce and general labour. Powers to restrict the number of medical
                      licenses to pract:se were taken in the Medical Practitioners (Amendment)
                      Ordinance, 1935.

                                                   -   10~·
  01. 'l'he number of skilled artisans with I..JP.250 and upwards admitted        Skilled artisans
in 1936 and previous years are shown in the following table :-                    with £P.250
                                                                                  and upwards -
                                                                                  Category A (Hi).
           Year               Total            Jews           Non·Jews
          1926                46                 44               2
          1927                 7                  5               2
          1928                 3                  3
         ·1929                 5                  4               1
          1930                15                 12               3
          1931                 7                  !1              3
          1932                22                 21               1
          1933               124                121               3
          1934               437                435               2
          1935               303                301               2
          1936               173                170               3

   This category was created in 1926. Pl'ior to 1930, the category was pres-
cribed as category A(ii). The decline in the demand for labour in 1936 re-
sulted ill a restriction of the number of persons admitted in this category. An
experience in the crafts of at least ,eight years, occasionally reduced to four
years, is still required.

 32. The numbers of persons with a minimum income of LP.4 a month                 J'or80118 with a
Who entered Pa.lestine in 1936 and previous years are as follows:-                minimum i11_
                                                                                  come of £P.4 a
                                                                                  month -
           Year               rrotal            Jews          Non·J€'ws           eategol'Y A(iv).
          1926                50                 41               9
          1927                52                 4t!              8
          1928                67                 59               8
          1929               101                 83              18
          1930·               41                 35               6
          1931                60                 ,n              19
          1932               117                 97              20
          1933                90                 72              18
          1934               135                106              29
          1935               127                113              14
          1936               121                105              16.

T'his category was created in 1926. Prior to 1930 it was prescribed as cate-
gory A(iii) and the qualifying income was LP.60 a year. 'l'hese persons
have been on the whole either elderly people or persons retired on pension.

  33. The Dumber of persons with a capitfLl of not less than LP.500 who           P~I'SOnB with 11
entered Palestine in 1936 and- previous years is as follows :-                    capital of not
                                                                                  less tha11
           Year               Total             Jews           Non·Jews           £P.500 -
                                                                                  category A(v).
          1932                 3                  2                1
          1933                29                 28    .           1
          1934-               36                 33                3
          1935                14                 14
          1936                 6                  :j              1
This category was created in 1932.
  34. The number of orphans coming to institutions in Palestine in 1936,          Orphans coming
                                                                                  to institutions -
and previous years are shown in the following table :-                            category B(i).
           Year              Total             Jews  Non-Jews
                                              -------
          1926                56                  1              55
          1927                 8                                  8
          1928                23                16                7
          1929                16                10                6
          1930                20                16                4
          1931                10                  3               7
          1932                 3                  1               2
          1933                 1                                  1
          1934                 7                                  7
          1935                  4                                 I±
          1936                12                  3               9
This category was created in 1926. Prior to 1930, it was prescribed as cate-
gory A(iv). A bond for maintenance is required for every orphan admitted.

                                            -11-
Porsons of           35. '1'he number or persons of religious occupation coming to Palestine ill
religious oc·      1936 and previous years is as follows:
cupations -
category B (ii).
                                                Total
                                                              --_._.
                                                                   Jews
                                                                       __.-----                           Non·Jews
                             Year
                                    --------------                       ---.~"   ..... -.-.-. .. .
                                                                                                  _~~.   __ - -__'_.'0-

                            1923                117                    B5                                       82
                            1924,               152                 :38                                        114
                            1925                293                1:39                                        1M
                            1926                114                    28                                       86
                            1927                204                    12                                      192
                            1928                175                     '1                                     171
                            1929                249                     i5                                     244
                            1930                215                     ,~                                     211
                            1931                272                    13                                      259
                            1932                292                    TO                                      273
                            1933                254                 70                                         1811
                            1934                532                207                                         325
                            1935              1,056                H3                                          B13
                            1936                501                23'J                                        207
                   This category was created in 1933. Prior to 1930, it WIts prescribed as cate·
                   gory A(v) and, prior to 1926, it was known as category F !Lnd included de-
                   pendants. In the spring of 1935, i\i was discovered that some of the immi-
                   grants had not entered religious occupations !1fter arrival in Palestine and
                   steps were taken to ensure that rabbis, cantors and religious teachers, etc.,
                   were only admitted if their services were requil'ed by recognized institutions
                   or congregations which were in a position to maintain them. 'rhis limitation
                   only took effect in 1936 as those immigration certificates issued prior to the
                   spring of 1935 were valid for admission to Palestine within fifteen months.

                     36, The numbers of students coming to institutionH in Palestine in 1930
                   and previous years are as follows :-
                                                           --------_.,                ---.~.
                                                                                                           .   .-._---_.,_...   _--_ -
                                                                                                                                    ..

                             Year               Total              Jews                                  Non·Jews
                                                                                                      ...,.-.,-_..


                             1926               149                105                                           M
                             1927               166                 45                                         121
                             1928               145                 53                                           9')
                                                                                                                 ,.,
                             1929               145                    71                                         7t1
                             1930               165                  64                                        101
                             1931               165                  66                                         99
                             1932               335                 169                                        1GG
                             1933               503                  391                                       112
                             1934             2,035               1,893                                        142
                             1935             2,071               1,96,1                                       107
                             1936             1,658               1.591                                           Ii7

                   This category was created in 1926.    Prior to 1930, it WllH prescribed as C!Lte-
                   gory A(vi).

                     A bond for maintenance by the institution is required in each ease and all
                   students entering, the labour market on leaving the institution are now debited
                   to the labour schedule of the period during which they enter that market.

                     The increase in the number of students admitted in 1934 and 1935 is due
                   to:-

                         (a) an increase in the number of Jewish schoolH in Palestine;
                        (b) the admission of a number of ,T ewish refugee children from
                            Germany;                                  -
                         (c) the approval of a number of applications submitted in 1933 and not
                             disposed of within that year.

                     In th~ sprin~ of 19~5, the departmental system for the eontl'ol of students
                   was ,reVIsed With a vlew t~ reducing the number of persons (mostly Jews)
                   admltt~d as s~u~el1ts who chdn?t proceed to the institution that had appliecl
                   for thelr admlssIon or, who havll1g registered at the institution, left it shortly
                   afterwards in order to enter the laboul' market.

                                              -12 -
   (37. 'rhe Jewish students admitted in 1936 were received principally in the                       Illstitution~ (0
following institutions in Palestine : -                                                             which students
                                                                                                    are admitted.


   The Hebrew University at Jerusalem


   The Technical Institute at Haii'a


   Schools and farms maintained by the Women's International Zionist
     Organization and the General Council of Women Workers

   Certain schools maintained by the Jewish Commnnity (Knesset Yisrael)

   Certain religous colleges.


  In May, 1936, it was decided that German youths might only be admitted
to Palestine in category B (iii) if they were to be trained in recognized edu-
cational institutions. Jewish communal groups ceased to be recognized as
educational institl!-tions for this purpose.

  38. The number of persons recorded on entering Palestine in 1936, on the                          Persons coming"
prescription that they had assured prospects of employment in Palestine, and                        to employment-
                                                                                                    oategory O.
previous years are as follows : -


                                         ----.~.,-~.-----~---.--         .. --.-----.. -

                                                 JEWS                                        NON-JEWS
     Year       Total
                                 Total     Men        Women   Ohildren        T()tal       Men     Women Children


    1923       2,254            2,017    1,926          91                      237         192      45
    1924       3,451            3,181    2,757         423         1            270         214      55         1
    1925     11,049         10,723       8,24G       2,453       24             326         210     J08         8
    1926       6,933         6,630       4,784       1,846                      303        ·"202     94          7
    1927      1,352          1,063         630         433                      289         183     101 "        5
    1928        880              535       416         119                      345         236     103          6
    1929      3,043          2,640       1,948         692                      403         278     128          2
    1930       2,855         2,506       2,088         418                     849          225     122         '2
    1931      1,896         1,603          917         686                     298         176     115          2
    1932      2,631          2,271       1,641         630                     860         247     112          1.

    1933     11,468        11,165        8,527       2,638                     803         186     115          '2
    1934     11,276        10,882        9,556       1,326                     894         282     112
    1935     14,972        14,653 10,727             3,926                    319          213     106
    1936      7,202         6,981        4,919       2,062                    221          142      79


  This category was created in ~923. Prior. to 1926, it :vas. pre~cribed ~R
category E. After 1925. the WIves and clllldren of JeWIsh Imlmg-rants In
category C were admitted as dependants.


   39. Persons coming to othel' than purely temporary employment in Pal-                            Labour
estine enter under the labour schedule which is determined by the Govern-                           schedule
ment of Palestine every six months after considering the proposals of the J ew-
ish Agency for'the admission of Jewish labour immigrants. Since October,
1934, the preliminary investigations by the Jewish Agency have been carri-
ed out in conjunction with an officer of the Department of Migration who re-
ports independently to the hend of the department-.

                                                 -    IB-
Distribution        ,10. Out or each labonr schedule, a, small reserve is l'etainml by the de·
of labour        partment primarily for the admiss~on of ~?n.J ews. Th~ remainder of the
schedules.       schedule is placed, subject to certam condltIor:s, at the dlsposal of the J ew-
                 ish Agency. The labour schedules approved S11100 October, 1928, are as
                 follows : -
                                                                                               Allotted
                                                                              'fotal                      Departmental
                             Schedule J)(ll'iod                                               io Jewish
                                                                             Sche(lnle                       reserve.
                                                                                                Agency.

                 October, 1928-March,               1929                     875                875
                 April-September, 1929                                     2,400              2,400
                 October, 1929-March,               1930                   2,300              2,300
                 April-September, 1930                                     3,300              3,300
                 October, 1930-March,               1931                   1,480              1,030          450
                 April-September, 1931                                        500                            500
                 October, 1931-March,                1932                     350                 195        155
                 April-September, 1932                                     ~,OOO              1,700          300
                 October, 1932-March,               1933                   4:,500             ·1,100         400
                 April-September, 1933                                     5,500              ,1,(\50        850
                 October, 1933-March,                1934                  5,500              ·:l,800        700
                 April-September, 1934                                     6,800              (\,275         525
                 October, 1934-March,                1935                  7,650              7,200          450
                 April-September, 1935                                     8,000              7,600          400
                 October, 1935-March,                1936                  3,250              2,900          350
                 April-September, 1936                                     4,500              11·,000        500
                 October, 1936-March,                1937                  1,800              1,300          500
Cel'tficates       41. The proportion of certificates for women uncler the last five labour
for women.
                 schec1ules has fluctuatec1 as follows :-
                                                                            Proportion por cont of certificates for
                             Schedule poriod                                unmarried women out of total.
                                                                                         cortificates.

                 October, 1934-March, 1935                                                        25
                 April-September, 1935                                                            27
                 October, 1935-March, 1936                                                        26
                 April-September, 1936                                                            30
                 October, 1936-March, 1937                                                        10
                    42.    The Immigration Orc1inance, 1933, c1efines                [1   'dependant' us follows ;-
Definition         "A person who is, or who will on arrival in Palestine, be wholly and di·
of dependant-    "rectly dependent for maintenance anc1 support upon an immigrant or a per.
Category D.
                 "manent resident anc1 is related to such immigmnt or permanent resident
                 "as being
                        , '(a) his wife; or
                          "(b) his or his wife's parent or grand-parent; or
                          "(c) his or his wife's daughter, granc1-daughter, sister or niece who is
                           'either unmarried or a wic10w or divorced; or
                          "(d) his or his wife's son, grandson, brother or nephe\v, who is under
                           the age of eighteen years or being over that a,ge is permanently dis·
                            a,bled anc1 incapable of snpporting himself."
Immigration        43. The total number of dependants on immigrants arrivin o' and on resi-
of dependants.   dents of Palestine who entered Pule8tine in 1936 and previo~s years is as
                 follows:-                                            .         .
                                                                   .-------.-.---~.--


                                         Year              Total              Jews           Non·Jews

                                        1927           1,619                  1,383             236
                                        1928           1,467                  1,220             247
                                        1929           2,468                  2,150             318
                                        1930           2,4~9                  2,129             300
                                        1931          2,233                   1,851             382
                                        1932          5,263                   '1,753            510
                                        1933         15,131                  14,740             391
                                        1934         211,238                 28.676             561
                                        1935*        38,871                  37,739           1,132
                                        1936         18,469                  17,658             811
                 ~ The figu1'es ~iven in paragraph 45 in the report for 1935 wrongly included immigrants registered
                 III category A (IV) and category B (i).


                                                    -14 -
  44. rrhe increase in the relative proportion of dependent immigration to      Increase in
toLal Jewish immigration in recent years can be seen from the following         .Tewish de-
                                                                                pendent
table : -                                                                       immigratioll.

                                                           Proportion of
                                             Total number dependants
                      'I'otal number of
           Year                              of dependants arriving per
                   ,T ewish immigrants
                                                ·admitted   100 Jewish
                                                           immigrants.


          1927            2,713                 1,383          50.9
          1928            2,178                 1,220          56.0
          1929            5,249                 2,150          40.9
          1930·           4,944                 2,129          43.0
          1931            4,075                 1,851          45.4
          1932            9,553                 4,753          49.7
          1933           30,327                14,740          48.6
          1934           42,359                23,676          55.8
          1935           61,854                87,852          61.1
          1936           29,727                17,658          ;59.4

   45. The proportions of dependants of immigra,nts among all Jewish immi-      Dependants
gl'l1nts arriving in 1936 and previous years are as follows : -                 of Jewish
                                                                                immigrants.
                                                           Proportion of
                         Numbel' of                       ,lependants of
                                          'rotal number
                         dependants                       ,Jewish immig-
            Year                             of Jewish
                          of Jewish                       rants per 100
                                            immigrants
                         immigrants                       Jewish immig-
                                                               rn.nts.

            1927            440              2,713             16.2
            1928            595              2,178             27.3
           1~29           1,296              5,249             24.7
           1930           1,164              ,t,944            23.5
           1981           1,088              4,075             25.4
           1932           3,526              9,553             26.9
           1933          11,894             30,327             29.2
           1984          16,797             i12,359            39.6
           1935          21,129             61,854             34.2
           1936           8,163             29,727             27.5

  46. The average number of dependants per ten Jewish immigrants in the Dependants
principal categories of immigration in the period 1932-1936 is as follows :_perimmigrant.

  Persons of religious occupations (no·w category B (ii»                   22
 Artisans (now category A (iii»                                            16
 Persons with capital (now category A(i»)                                  o
  Persons with prospects of employment (category C)                        8

  47. The proportions of dependants on Jewish residents among all Jewish        Dependants
                                                                                of Jewish
immigrants admitted in 1986 and previous years are as follows : -               residents.
                                                          Proportion of
                        Number of         Total number   dependants of
                        dependants                         Jewish resi-
           Year                             of Jewish
                         of Jewish                     . dents per 100
                                           immigrants
                         resideuts                       Jewish immig-
                                                             rants.
                     --.--~-----




             1927           943              2,713            34.8
             1928           625              2,178            28.7
             1929           854              5,249            16.3
             1930           965              1-1:,944         19.5
             1931           813             4,075             20.0
             1932         1,227             9.553             12.8
             1933         2.846            30,327              9.4
             1934        .6,879            42,359             16.3
             1935        16,610            61.85:j            26.8
             1036         9,495            :39,727            3UI

                                            -- 15 --
Farents of              48. Arrangements are still in force for t,he admission of the parents of
members of           members of arrricultnral communal groups np to twenty per cent. of the total
eommunal             number of w~rkinO' members of each group. This proportion is the rough
                     proportion hetwee; elderly persons and _~ersons of working age in the J e:v~sh
groups:

                     community -of Palestine as a whole. _8Jach communal group assumes ]omt
                     financial l:esponsibility for t.h~ .maintenan?e ?f. the dependants collaterally
                     with the individual responsIbIlIty of the mchvldual member. In communal
                     groups not wholly agricultural, a. small proportion of dependants is admitted.


Exempted              49. The number of immigrants exempted from the provisions of the Im-
parsons.             migration Ordinance in 1936 and previous years waR as follows ; -


                             Year          'rotai                    Jews                       lVIos\emH                              Christians
                                                                                                -...---.. ...
                                                                                                           ---~
                                                                                                                                       -----
                            1929              205                      H                                                      202
                            1930              499                                                                             499
                            1931              327                      4                                                      323
                            1932              Q~"
                                              .vv                      3                                                      252
                            1933              611                                                 185                                    426
                            1934              251                                                   \1                                   242
                                                                                                 Arabs                                  Others

                            1935              321                     11                                    4-                           306
                            1936              515                     10                                    5                            500


                     No figures are available prior to 1929. 'rhese persons are mostly British police,
                     Palestine Government offieers and foreign consular officers.

Movement of                50. The numbers of Palestinian residents recorded as departing and of Pal-
I'esidents.
                         estinian residents returning in 1936 and previolls years a.re ftS follows ; -

---~---'---i-"'"     ---,---- - - - - - - - - - -                                   --------
                 Total          RHl'WRNING                                                                       DEPARTING
     Year
                movement Total Jews    Moslems Christians                           Total                  ,T ewe            Moslems     Christians

    1926        56,926       22,802                                            34,124
    1927        61,164       24,938                                            36,226
    1928        63,658       28,188                                            35,470
    1929        62,561       28,212                                            34,349
    1930        65,747       30,617                                            35,130
    1931        64,689       31,617                                            33,072
    1932        61,594       30,696                                            30,898
    1933        65,306       32,523 10,236      11,379         10,908          32,783 ~) ,282                                11,462      11,493
    1934        92,225       45,581 1<1,552     16,087         14,9 i12        46,644 14,787                                 16,'280     15,577
                                                    Arabs       Others                                                       Arabs         Others
     1935 132,563            64,102 23,050          34,066         6,986        68,461 25 ,207---3K,30~f-----7 ,952
     1936 132,543            61,880 17,895          37,308         6,677        70,663 24,611     38,078     7,974
                         Ni? figures are available prior to 1926. No figures by religion are n,vaihtble
                         prlOr to 1933. The increase in the numbers of residents travelling to and
                         from .Pale.stine ~n 1934 and 1935 is notable: many residents spend summer
                         vacatlOns 111 Syna, the Lebanon and Europe.

 Frequency of               51. The approximate proportions of residents of Palestine of each com-
 travel among
 j·esident-s.            1l11111ity travelling abroad in 1936 and previous years are as follows;-
                                                                                     -----_.-    -.   ~   ._.-
                                                             Total          ,Tews      Moslems                   ci]-;:istiails
                                              Year            per            per         per                          pc]'
                                                             1,000          1,000       ] ,000                      1,000
                                           -~---'-'--                                                            -------
                                              1933            63             96             81                       235
                                              1984            83            116             44                       307
                                                                                                 Non-Jews

                                              1935           111            151                    96
                                              1936            95             87                   100

                                                       -16      -
  52. "His Majesty's passport control and consular officers a.broad have stand-          Return or
ing instruction~ to facil!tate the retul'll "to Palestine of any rrllrkish subject       1'urkisb
                                                                                         citizens of
who was born m Palestme ancl who wlshes to come back to 11alestine.                      Palestinian
Among the facilities given are ; -                                                       birth.


        (a) the grant of visas for Palestine without reference to the department
            to such persons and to their wives and minor unmarried children; ,

        (b) the acceptance of atridavits in the place of passports ordinarily re-
            quired if. passports are not obtainable; and

        (c) exemption from immigration fees.


  No figures are available showing the numbers of persons who took advan-
tage of these facilities in 1936 and previous years.


  53. The numbers of travellers recorded as entering and leaving Palestine               Tra.yellers.
in 1936 and previous years are as follows ; -

                                 'fravellol's     'l'ravellel's
                     Year       recorded as      reco~dl'd    as   Difference
                                   entering          JelLving
                                                                   .---~-           --
                                                                                  ...



                     1931        5,1,764            52,790           1,974
                     1932        63,253             53,873           9,380
                     1933        79,833             66,804          13,029
                     193<1       91,823             82,230           9,593
                     1935       106,823             96,315          10,508
                     1936        56,665             55,217           1,448


   54. Travellers coming to Palestine are normally granted visas on the con-             Extensions
                                                                                         of tl'avellel'R'
dition that permission to remain in Palestine does not exceed three months.              visas.
If they lmve good ,tHd sufficient re(lROllS for remaining longer, such as busi-
lless 01' health, permission to remain in _PrLlestine may be extended up to one
year from the elate of entry, the maximum allowed by law.


      '1'he numbers of such extensions granted in 193fi and previous years are
[LS    follows : -
                                 1931          437
                                 1932          893
                                 1933       1,118
                                 1934       3,001
                                 1935       5,086
                                 1936       'b,004

No figures are available prioe to E)31.


  ;)0.  Persons granted visas for Palestine [11'e liable to be refused admission         Persons
on arrival at the frOll tiel' if the immigration officer is not satisfied that they      refused
                                                                                         admission.
are persons who may lawfully be admitted to Palestine. The numbers of
persons so refused admission in 1936 ancI previow:; years are as follows : -

                                                     Number Number refused
                                 Total                nofllsed   admission per
                 Ye ftr        clltrant8            IllltnisRiou ] 000 entrants


                 1930          94,57(j                 212             2
                 1931          90,33J                  '101            cl
                 1932         100,679                  253             3
                 1933         141,478                1,505            11
                 193-1        176,681                  9-15            5
                 1935         230,6'1B                 831             ·1
                 1936         147,932                  315             '2

~o fi.~rnres n]"('   availahle prior to 1930.

                                                --. LT -.
Travellers            56, Persons granted traveller's v~sas for Palestine declare to l!uSsport ~on­
remaining          trol officers abroftd that they do not ll1tend to ~et~le permapently Hl, Palestll1e.
i\legally in       N'evertheless a number do so settle and remUlll llleB'ally ,Ill Pttks~ll1e beyond
Palestine,
                   the period autborized. 1'he llumbers who l'elllalllecl lIleg'ally III Palestine
                   since 1933, in comparison with the numbers of travellers who entered Pales-
                   tine are shown in the following- table : -

                                                                                                       NUIlllwl' of             J\unJlwr of
                                                                 Number of                             !·mvellcrs               illegal tra·
                   ,Year                    Race                 travcllo\'s                           remaining                vellers pel'
                                                                  entering                              illogally.- ...... ,._._-_._-_._-_._--
                                                                                                                              100 tmvellers.
                                    .---_.-.                                         ----.--~.--   .. _." ---,.


                   1933 (from the
                   1st September) TonTJ                           24,770                                  ::\,:'310                  13.'1
                                  Jews                             6,827                                  2,B21                      ;'H.O
                                                                                                                  Om)                  ~ r:
                                  NOli-Jews                       17,943                                                               D.u

                   1934                  rl'Ol'AL                  91,823                                 o .!)21l                     6.5
                                         .Tews                     26,400                                 2,007                      11.0
                                         Non-Jews                  65,423                                 8,022                       4.f1

                   1935                  r1'O'l.'AL              106.823                                   7,SH                       7.4
                                          Jews                    36,128                                  ,.I.cns                    12.8
                                          Non-Jews                70,695                                   ;-\,256                    11.6

                   1936                   r.l'O'l'AL               56,665                                     J ,loCi                  2.0
                                          .Tews                    14,574                                  -- ls:.:r::
                                          Non-Jews                 ·:L2,091                                       1.28R                8.1
                   •. 'rile negative ,sign implies tbat the population of ,T ()wish illegal illlllligmntH actlllLlly ill Palestine
                   at the 31st DecflmiJer, 1936, who havo abused t.he faeilities grante(] to Lmvcllcrs tlt~()!ill()d by 132
                   persons riming the year !.mt no!, that illegal settlement hy abuse of t I'll \'t!llt'l's' via!tR hilA ceased.



                      'l'he administrat.ive machinery for detecting                          and                  clcportin~'        travellers
                    in Palestine was flll'ther improved in lH36.


                      Deductions are made from the semi-annual cs(;illla(,eH of the absorptiY8
                    capacity of Paletlf;ine for .T ewish b1bour immigrants equivnlent to the
                    estirnated number of .Jewish (;l'[Lvellel's who will renlil i11 iJlog"H Ily in PlIlfHt,ine
                    or who will enter P~11estine illegally elu1'ing the folluwing flix llHlnt.lls,



  Deportations,       57. The following numbers of persons wore Cleportnd                                           111   H):'ifi hy the Pal-
                    estine Police }1'1 orce ,                     .


                           Cause of deportation                                 'I'ota!.                   ;J CW:-i          :\ Oll',/ eWR
                           ----.

                           All cantles                                          ~,03H                       l52               1.,887

                           Illegal entry
                              (a) summary deportation                           1,220                              5           1,215
                              (b) by deportation order                            670                             8H             581
                           Hemaining illegally                                      22                            10                12
                           Other offences                                          127                            18                711


  Registration          :38. Number of persons who wish to settle in Pn.lestine obt,ail] tl'Hveller's
  of travellers     vi,sas and cOll~e to Pu~es~ine to make inquiries and, if they find suitable ope-
  as immigrants,
                    lUngs" apply for 'p.ern~lss10n to l.'emltin permanently. Some persons \\"ho }llwe
                    ex~eptJ.onal qU,ahficatlOl1S and are admissible as irnmign).]1ts under the 1m-
                    nugl'atlOn Ordll1ance, 1933, are given permission to remain pel'1l1unently but
                    the m~jority are refused permission. rl'ravellers who are already illegf111y in
                    Palestl,ne at. the dat~ at which ~h~y apply for permission tu remain permltnent-
                    ly are lllvanably refused penmSSlOl1.

                                                        ~-   10 --
   Ijl vie~v of U:e la:'ge ntlll:bel' of Jewish travellers applying in Palestine 101'
l'egIstratlOn as ImmIgrants 111 category A(i) on the basis of certificates of the
deposit of the qualifiyng capital of LP.1,000 in local banks which was found
to be .not i~ their bona fide posses~ion 1Lnd at their free disposal, such bank
deposIt cerhficate~ were not. taken 111 the second half of the year as adequate
eVIdence of bon a fIde possessIOn of the qualifying capital.

  In the absence oJ' satisfactory evidence or their fiUlLllcial qualifications as
immigrants in category A(i), travellers in Palestine are now informed that
evidence of their financial status abroad must be presented in nerson to His
Majesty's passport control or consular officer ill the countrv             of
                                                                    their former
residence.                                                     "

 The figures in 1936 and prevIOUS year!:> of travellers given permission to re-
main permanently in Palestine are as follows ; -

            Travellers recorded                                  Travellers granted permIssIOn
                a8 cntering                                          to remain permanently

                                                  TOTAL                       JEWS               NON,JEWS
                        .Jews      Non·
 Year       Total                                          Per                        Pcr                     Per
                                   Jews      Number                  Number                  Number
                                                          cent ..                    cent.                   ccnt.


 1924                                        1,232                   1,005                       227
 1925                                        1,674                   1,251                       423
 1926     52,301                             1,060        2.()          611                      449
 1927     59,505                             1,220        2.1           705                      515
 1928     63,319                             1,866        2.9         1,28'{                     57\)

 1929     60,212                             1,927        3.2         1,19'.\:                   733
 1930     58,832                             1,30G        2.2           695                      611
 1931     54,764                             1,580        2.9            939                     541

 1932     63,253                             4,559        7.2         3,730                      829

 1933     79,833      20,002      53,831      2,876        3.6        2,465           9.5        411              0.8
 1934     91,823      26,400      65,423     4,868
                                                           w   I~I

                                                           O.i:J      4,115          16.6        753              1.2

 1935    106,823      36,128      70,695      4,429        ·4:.1      3,804 .        10.5        625              0.9

          56,665      14,574      ,4:2,091    2,284        4.0        1,817          12.5        467              1. .1
 1936
                                       ._--_.                                                       .._---._---


    No figures by raCe are available prior to 1933 ana no sep.ara~e figu,res of tra-
 vellers admitted are u,vailable nriol' to 1926. 'rhe categones In whICh travel-
 lers were registered as immigl:ants in 1936 are shewn in principal table No.
 II(e) at the end of this report.

                                                                                                  'fravellel's'
   59. Tn order to reduce the lll1mber of persons imprope~ly ybtai~ing tI'~­                      deposits.
 veller visas 'with the intention of remaining permanently III Pu,]estme, H1S
 Majesty's passport control and consular officers abroad require, since 1933, a
 precautionary deposit of J.JP.60 in all doubtful caSes. I~ the tra:reller does not
 prove his c1epartme from Palestine within the anthorIzed perIOd of tempo-
 rary residence, the deposit is forfeited.
                         PAR'l' II -   THE srrArrrS'rrcs OF MIGRA'rION, 1936.


Introductory     60. rrhe statistics of' migrll,tion in the year 19::l6 will be found in pt'incipal
               tables Nos. 1-XVI a,nd in subsidiary tahleR No. 1-8 at; the enc1 of this re-
               port.

                  '1'he statistics fol' the year n,re not st.j'ictly cOlllpnl'nblo with those g!ven in
               the annual report for 1935 unless nc1jusj,mentR are rrmde for tables concerned
               with immigTaDts arriving, travellers snbsequelltly registered fLR immigrants,
               and all persons registered as iUlluign1llts whether they fLl'l'iv(ld as immigrant,s
               01' travellers.

                  rrhe principal tables lLre cOLUpilatbns from the d~1ta recorded OD m1l'ds in
               respect of persons recorded as arriving in or departing from Palestine. The
               subsidiary tables are, for the most plwl;, derived from the I)1'inmpal tables nnd
               give proportioD!Ll distributions in the several classiticl1tiotlR frolll which certain
               simple significances emerge. The collection ~md cornpibtion of the data of
               migration are beginning to reach a tolel'H,hle degree of prcciflion; but in one
               main respect they remain incomplete since it ImH 110t yet been possible to ar-
               range for a reasonably complete record of the movement of people to fLnd from
               rrmns-Jodan. These movements ma,y luwe signil'j(,[Lllce itH temporary mi-
               grations, and there is good reason to suppose that, 011 the whole, permanent
               settlement by the immigrants is not intended. In a less important degree
               the records may be held to be defective in respect of the illluLbitants of the
               limitrophic districts of Palestine on t1113 one side lLncl 8yril1 lLlld the I..Jebnnons
               011 the other along' the northern frontier, for these people lllLVe the right of
               freed'orn of unrestricted passage across the fronticr RO long as they remall1
               within the limitrophic districts. But these defects are of no great conse-
               quence in the consideration of the records of migration as l'evelatol'Y of the
               execution of the mandatary policy of conducting .T ewish immigration into
               Palestine according to the capacity of t.he eOllntry to abHorb irnmigrants and
               it is in that aspect of the matter that the statistics may be 1101([ to have a high
               degree of accuracy.

                  A word shou1c1 be said about c1assiiiCfLtiol1. lL will be found [.hat the clas-
               sifications in the principal tfl,bles include conceptions 'Arabs', '.T ews' and
               'Others'. These 'racial' or 'national' attributes h~1Ye, of course, no scientific
               val ue or preeision; they are no more than the declanLtiolls of the people them-
               selves as to the class in which they wish to he included, a,nd, in that sense,            ~
               they represent social affmities which serve the plU'pOSeH of sociological alld
               demographic inquiries.

                 An a,nnual departmental report is not.      Ll!e   phLee for   the Jiseussion of
               minutiae, but the statistics nre given in arnple detail in order th[Lt those who
               (1,1'e interested in making detailed researches into the clltLnLcters of immigra-
               tion and travel into Palestine may have the opportunity for their studie~.
               It is, of course, unfortunate that statistics of migrat.ion in the same detail
               are not available for past years so that 11 large men.Slll'e of comparability is
               still absent, but the maintenance of the l'ecol'lls of migl'11tion in their present
               for111 in the future will supply that laek, while the inlproving technique of
               the department combined with the sympathetic nnderstanding of the general
               public are introducing a uniformity in the system of record in which there is
               ~very grounu for confidence. From .,the begining of 1937 mechanical sort-
               mg and tabnlation have been instituted ELt the Office of Statisties, and it mlLY
               be possible eventually to give suh-tabulations in great detail.

                  Finally the statisties should be of interest and use to those concerned in the
               development of the tourist traffic and of the various forms of transport. COLD-
               panies aDd agencies interested in these u.ctivities have had ~o far little informa-
               tion from ~he d~partmel1t to guide them in their policies, and it is of consi-
               derable satlsfactlOl1 to the depal'trnent that it is now able to make good the
               defect.

                                           -   20 -    .
   01. '1'he policy undel' which Jewish immigration into ]?a,lestine ha,s been         Certa.in, con-
 conducted is formubt~.d in tl~e Prime Minister's letter dated ]'ebruary 1931          sidemtions
                                                                                       regarding
 addressed to Dr. Chalm W Clzmann. The operative principles declared in                economic con-
 that letter are : -                                                                   clitiOllS in 1986.

          "~'he :Ql'Oper ttpplication of   the absorptive capacity principle. (rhe
     ::conslde~·atlOns. relev.ant to the   limitR of u,bsorptive capacity are purely
       eCOnomIC conslderatlons." .

  It is in the light of these principles that .T ewish immigration into Palestine
 must be reviewed.

   In the first place, the Immigration Ordinance No. 38 of 1933 must be held
to be the complete legislative expression of the policy. That means that all
immigration, whether of capitalists or of labourers 01' of dependants, as these
are defined in law, is brought within the appliCfttion of the principle that
immigration shall be regulated according to the absorptive caplLcity of the
country, the relevant considerations as to absorptive capacity being purely
econom:c. It has, indeed, been argued that the principle of absorptive capa-
city applies only to Jewish immigrants who are labourers. Such an argument
can only be sustained if it be assumed that immigrants who are capitalists and
dependants as defined in law are never likely to become a public charge.
Since, however, capitialist and dependent immigrants mllst be admitted to
Palestine jf they satisfy the requirements of the legal definitions of their chu:l-
Bes and are not personally disqualified as being undesirable in a medical, so-
cial 01' political sense, there is no control over the number of such immigrants
as may be admitted within a given perioc1 of time; and, in effect, the opera-
tive principle of policy governs only the number of labolll'ers who may be I1d-
mitted from time to time, the Govel'llment having power only to fix the num-
bers of these immigmnts in each of every six month::;.

   In this aspect of the matter the year 1936 opened none too favourably. Dur-
ing the autumn of 1935 the repercussions from the troubled international
situation deriving from the Italo-Ethiopian conflict had depressing effects. 1n
April, 1936, disturbances in Palestine began ancllaste(l for six months. There
were no massive riots, but there was destruction of life and property; trade
declined; confidence in the economic prospects in the immediate future
waned; anc1, generally, there was dnring the year deterioration in economic
acti vity in the cOl"intry. Nevertheless Palestine has had a series of distur-
bances since 1920 and has shewn that its economic structure is both plastic
and resilient; plastic because Jews decline to permit economic catastrophe in
the country in which their N at:onal Home is permitted; resilient because both
Arabs and Jews insist on continuing to live I1S such. Moreover, l'alestine .is
probably the least self-contained country in the world. Its destiny is gO\'-
erned more by unpredictable political events elsewh~re than by predictable
economic events within its frontiers. The 'racial' policy of Germany since
1933; the ltalo-Ethiopian conflict of 1935-36; the Sptmish civil War of 1936;
the dissolution of the gold bloc in 1936; the re-armament policies of European
and American States in 1935-36; all these have /l, far more important effect on
the movement of capital and labour to Palestine than the attractions and 1'e-
pu1sions or local events in the country itself. It is impossible in the present
state of statistical information to give numerical experssion, in terms of llum-
bel'S of Jewish immigrants per month 01' per year, of these large influences 011
the movements of popUlation in Palestine. As will be seen later, the only
test of the efficiency of the policy of immigration into Palestine lies in the con-
sideration of the variation in real income . the standard of living.

    62. In demoo'raphy the terlll 'net immigTation' meaDS the difference be-           General
 [;ween the total ~nmber of persons recorded as aniving in a conntry and the
 total number of persons recorded as leaving the country. It is not to be
identified with 'actual immigration' which means the number of persons au-
thorized under law to enter the country and remain in it as permanent resi-
clents. The 'net immigration' includes temporary visitors in the country at
the time when the migration account is closed (1nd, of course, is larger or
smaller according" to the number of permanent residents who are abroad at the
time when the migration account is closed. It more nearly approaches 'actual
immigration' when the account is closed at It time when the movement of
people to and from the country is a minimulll.

                                              -- '2l
 NeL I1nd          63. '1'he 'net immigration' for the yelt!· 1936 eonsists of 22,052 persons of
 actual         whom 21,183 persons are Jews, 123 are Arabs, [tnd 746 are Others. ~rhe ac.
immigration.
                tual immigration for the year consists of the snm of 28,9,15 persons who
                arrived as immigrants, 2,284: persons who arrived as travellers in 1936 and
                1935 and were subsequently registered as immigrants and 442 persons living
                and working in Palestine but admitted (:0 the country fl,R exempted from the
                immigration law, namely, 31,671 persons, 01' whom 29,727 are Jews, ltud1,914
                110n-J ews. When the migration account is closed at the 31st of December in
                the kalendar year, it is usual to find that the 'net immigration' exceeds the
                actual immigration. In 1936 the reverse was the case, first, beclLuse IOClLI
                conditions preYented the ingress of tourists for the season of Christmas and,
                secondly, beca·usc there Wf1,S a signifiClLnt departure of residents of Palestine
                for holida.ys and business both delayed by the disturhnnecs of th(l year, and,
                mnong Moslems, for the pilgrimf1,ge tin Mecca..

Distribution       (H. 'J;he proportionate distribution of J ewlsh immigrants registered in the
of Jewish       four principal legal Cfttegol'ies of immigrants tue given in subsidiary table
immigration     No. 1, where it will be seen that persons who enterec1 as immigrtLnts in pos-
in the legal
categorieR.     session of [Lt least LP.l,OOO comprised ten per ceilt. an<1 that persons who en.
                tereel aA labour immigrants comprised 2(l per cent. of the total .T ewish irnmi.
                gr(Ltioll. '1'he1'e were, indeed, 23 labour immigrants for every ten capitahst
                immigrants. Dependent immigration comprised 59 per cent. of the immi-
                gration of which 32 per cent. was immigration dependent upon persons al-
                ready settled in Palestine. In 1935 dependent. Jewish immigration comprised
                about G1 per cent. of the totn.l Jewish immigration of which 27 per cent. was
                dependent on pel'sons already sett.led in Pn.lestine. Reference is invited to
                paragraph (:is of the departmental report for 1935 regarding the possible con-
                sequences nf so ll1f1,ssive a propOl't;ioll of dependent immigrn.tioll,

                   The remaining general feature of the distribution is given in the general sex.
                proportion of Jewish immigration at all ages; 47 per cent. of the immigrants
                are males, 53 per cent. females. The similar proportions in 1935 were 40 per
                cent. males, 54 per cent. females, and, in 1934, 52 per cent. mn.les and 48 per
                cent. females. The significant reversal of sex-ratio in Jewish immigmtion re-
                flects the increase in dependent immigration which is largely female in
                character.
Age, sex aud       65. '1'he c1istrilmtions of Jewish immigrants by n.ge, sex and conjugal con-
conjugal con·
clitionor       dition are given in principal table No. X a.nd subsidiary tables Nos. 2 and 3.
Jewish immi.    rl'hese distributions are important in cOl1tlidel'ing the future growth of the pop-
grants.         ulation. The Swedish statistician Sundbiirg' showed that in !tll western coun-
                tries the number of persons aged between 15 years n.nc1 50 yenrs is uniformly
                about one half of the total population, f1,nd that fLIly vari:1tiolls which Gccm' in
                the age-constitution take place in the other two mn.in groups, 0-14 years and
                50 years and over. Where the population is growing, t.he number in the
                age group 0·14 years is markedly greater thf1,n in the group 50 years ani!
                ~ver, but where it is stationf1,l'Y the numbers in the two gl'OllpS approach eqlU1-
                hty. On this basis there are thus three types of population, the progressive,
                the stationary, and the recessive. 'l'wo other types may be added, namely,
                the accessive and the secessive determined by migration which is normally
                confined to the age-g'l'oup 15-49 years, so that significant iunnigration makes
                It popUlation f1Ccessive in character while emigration makes it secessive. This
                classification of types in relation to proportions in the l1iilel'ent ao'es of the
                Sundbarg theory is set out below:                                         t>
                                                                                             •   _n _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _




                                                    Proportion per 100 of popUlation in age groups
                     Type of popUlation
                                                    0-1-1               15-49             GO and over
                                                                                                     ._----

                    Progressive
                                                                                     I
                                                     40                  i5LJ
                                                                                     I
                                                                                     i           10
                                                                                     I

                    Stationary                       33                  50          I           17
                    Recessive                        20                  50
                                                                                     I           80
                    Secessive                        ,to                 40          I           20
                                                                                     I

                                                                                    t_ _
                    Accessive                        25                  60                      15


                                           -   22
   'fhe census taken m 1931 revealed that of the Jewish population 33 per
cent. were aged 0-14 years; 55 per cent. were agecl 15-49 years; .and 12 per
cent. w~re aged 50 years and upwards . In the Sundbarg theory the Jewish
popL:latlOn was, therefore, not of the hIghly marked progressive type but was
tendmg towards the accessive type. The Jewish immigration in 1936, which
is,of course, the 'accession' for the year,distributec1 by age in the same man-
nel; yields 17 per cent. in the ages 0-14 years; 65 per cent. in the ag'es 15-49
years; and 18 per ?ent: in ~he a~es ?O years and over. The similar proportions
for the large JewIsh ImmIgratIOn m 1935 are 20 per cent. aged 0-14 years;
65 per cent. aged 15-49 years; and 15 per cent. aged 50 years and over. It
follows that the Jewish immigration in 1936 is both relatively and absolutely
less potentially fertile than that in 1935.

   66. This observation is eonfirmecl by the high mean ages of the Jewish
male and female immigrants in 1936 which are 30.3 years and 30.4 years res-
pectively. These figures f;lhould be compared with those for the Jewish im-
migration in 1935 namely 29.0 years for males and 29,1 years fol' females;
and with the mean ages of the sexes composing the Jewish population in 1931
namely 25.7 years for males and 26.4 years for females. 'fhe mean ages of
Jewish immigrants t\l'e approximately the same as those for the popUlation
in England and Wales in 1921, namely, 29.9 yeais for males and 31.2 years
for females and are slightly lower than that for all persons'in France in 1911
namely 32.5 years. A low mean age is generally an indication of great natu-
ral fertility. The rule is not, howev,er, absolute; but, while there is abundant
evid0nce that the Jewish birth-rate in Palestine is highel' than that for J ew-
ish communities elsewhere, it may perhaps he doubted if the popUlation of
Jewish immigrants in the yea,l's 1934-193(j, with their relatively high mean
age, will be able ulternately to replace itself through its natural fertility as
distinct from its potential fertility.

  67. An interesting division of popuhttion by tLge was suggested by Dr. G.
von MayI'. In this suggestion a popUlation is divided into three groups by
age so that it may be possible to make comparisons between the econo-
mically productive and non-productive parts of that popUlation. The three
groups are-
      (i) persons l1ged 20-59 years   ~tssUl:ried   to hlLve full capacity for work;
      (ii) persons aged I5-H) years and 60-69 years assllllled to have partial
          (about one-halO Cttpacity for work; and
      (iii) persons aged 0-14 years and 70 years and over assumed to be non-
        productive.
   Normally there is expectation that an immigrant population is largely pro-
ductive in the sense .intended by von MayI' ; but, as was suggested in the de-
partmental report for 1935, .T ewish i lUmigration into Palestine is not the
consequence of purely economic forces, an(1' it is therefore of intel'est to dis-
tribute the immigration of the veal'S 1935 and 1936 according' to von 1\IIityl"S
classification. The figmes are given in the following table together with thei]'
cOlTelatives for the Jewish popUlation in Palestine in 1931.

                                         1._~l~Opol'tion per 100 in age groups
                                         i                   15-19           O-H
              Poplllatioll                                    and            and
                                               ~W·5fJ        60·6\:!       70 and
                                                                            over



     Jewish immigration 1936                    64            17            19

     ;r ewish immigration 1935           i     63             15            22

     .Jewish population in               ,
                                         /
        Palestine 1931                         53             12            35
                                      _I.____ .__       1 ____         i_______ ..__ _
   The proportions of the potentially pruductive elements.of the im~igraJ?-t
population are significantly higher than those in the J eWlsh populatlO,n l~l
Palestine in 1931 and so far expectation regarding the character of the ImmI-
grant population is satisfied. But the capacity to he productive is useless if
the resources and the means of development are not adequate in the country
            of immigJ:atiol1, and, in so far as J ewi~h immigration is :lot s?lely a response
            to the economic attractions of Palestme, the safe relatIOnshIp between the
            capacity of the pop~l:1tion to be, pro,(hwt~ve !1ucl the cap~lCjty o~ the count:·y
            to absorb the potentlll.lly productive imnllgn:mts may be Jeopardlzec1. It will
            De seen later that the oeuu]mtional tlistribntion of the whole population of
            Palestine conceived as an economic cOllfiguration suggests t.hat the control
            of immigration in all the legal categories should hl1VC speeiftc relationship to
            the occupational il1tentions of prospective immigl'p,nts. rr!1e only test of the
            success of a policy of immigl'l1tioll is to he found ll1 the lllovement of real in-
            come, just as that is the only test; for t1etel'~llinii!g .whetllel' or not .a c()l1ntr~ is
            overpopulated. U nfol.'tunately ,the. stl1te of statlfltwl1l l~llo\Vle(lge 111 l\destme
            does not yet permit of the appllcatlOn of the test; (I,nd It seelllS that the funds
            necessary to initiate the special inquiries will no\; he available in the near
            future ..

               68. Subsidiarv table No. 2(b) gives the sex ];lroportions of Jewish immi-
             grants in the se';eral age groups, and also the eOlnpal'ison hetwccn them and
             those revealed at the census taken in 19B1. In plH'agmph (it above it was
            stated that J ewisb immigration in 193!:i was pl'epOnc1Cl'ltlltly [militIa in char-
             netel') the proportion of nmles being 47 per cent. lWc1 tI1l1t of fl'lllltles 53 per
             cent. This feminine preponderance oceurrec1 at all ages (except; in the age-
            group 15-19 years and the,group GO yel11's and over. 'L'he distribution of the
            ratio in 1936 throughout the ages bears [L close resemblance to that in 1935
            except that a mal'keLl L1eficiency of females in 1£)35 Occlll'reu in tIlE) age-group
            .5-9 years, and in19H6 a slight defic.iency in the age-group 15-H) years, the defi-
            ciencies in the age gronp liO years und over being common to both distt'ibutions
             and being much of the same ordel'. It is probable that at the present time
            the number of females in the Jewish POPlllf1tion is equal to the number of
            wales, but the age-c1istribuLions of the two sexes make it doubtful if the natu-
            ral fertility of the population is thereby increasecl. .T cwish illllnigr[).tion
            is, in fact, tending to ma.ke the Jewish population more feminine than mas-
            culine. In general where females outnllmbel' males i.n a populrLtion there is
            lL tendency on the part of males to postpone uHLlTiuge; and when marriage
            takes place at later ages natural fertility c1eclines, :Mol'eover. since it is likely
            that among unmarried women there if; l1 highel' proportion of natnrn,lly sterile
            females than among married women, mcaSlU'es w 11 iell might he adopted to
            raise the marrillge-rn,te would perhaps have small effect upon natural fertility.
            These considerations are relevant to the diHcnsRion of the flltUl't1 growth of
            population in Palestine which is found in plLl'ngTaph 78 he low,

Conjugal    , 69. ~'~le distributions of eonjngal eonuitiolls or illt' sex(·~s by age IHll found
condition   11l subSidIary tables No, 3, '1'ho most notmv()l'tll\' ft~a Lure or tlH'se taNes is
by age,
            the proportion of both ll1anied men and rnanioil ';"omen ill the (mrlier nubile
            nge-groups wh,ieh al'e significrmtly higher tlmn the proportions yielded by the
            census taken Il1 1931. On the other lw.nd the IH'oportions or divorced and
            widowed immigrants of both cexes are vcry Ulueh lligher than they were in
            l'cspe,ct o~ the ;r e\vish ~mlDigrants in HJ::lG, '.rhel'p iH n,1l1ple evidence thltt
            mal'l'wg:e 1l1.som~ eases 18 entere~ solely .1'01' tl:e pmpose ut' l'nt'ililnting Jewish
            female nmlllgratlOn, thf;\,t connubIal relatIOllshlp III those cases iR not intended,
            n.nd that dissolution of the marriage follows tl1u nl'l'ivtl,1 of the woman in P1L1-
            ('stine IJ,S the dependent; wife.

                  rr:
                  he ligh~ne~s. with which ~ ews hnve eutel'ed the marriag'e ('cmtnw\. was the
             subject ,of J,udlC~al comJ?1ent 111 High Court Case No, 1j19·B7. 'rIle case was
             an appllCa~lOn for a wnt of habeas corpus against the depl1rt.mellt as regarc1s
            the detentlOn of three persons who had been refused admission to Palestine.
            On~ o~ these persons was. a, yOU~1&' WOllllLll who alleged that she had married
            ~"'lllle l~ custody ~ Pl1lestlman Cltlzen, Even if the Illf11'l'iage did take plftCe,
             It was ,llTegular Il1 forIll and was probably invulid and the lettrnet1 judges
            (;'l)mpOBIl1g' th,e COUl't l'emal'k('cl upon t.he inciclent in tl'1'1l1R which are given
            111 the followmg' extracts,                                                        .

                  " Manning, J. -:- "If, ,as is alleged, she contl'l1ctecl milrriago while in the
                  "lock-up, she dlel so With no othol' object tlli1n to evade the immigra[;ion
                  "l~w. She cannot. ask t,he COlll't to 8Rsist her in WhlLt anlOuntR to a de-
                   fiance of the law",

              .. Frun~kin, J. - "In addition to her attempt to enter the country under
              ,,~hat ~s to all appeal'~nce Et forged passport and ......... under a certificate
                111 WhlCh slw WI1S not lllcluded, she allowed herself to be involved in a mal'-


                                          -:H ---
  "riage which, whether valid or invalid in its form is nothing but a disgrace-
  "ful :fic~ion of a marriag.e.: ....... I want to take this opportunity to call the
  "attentIOn of the Rabbllllcal Authorities that it is most desirable to dis-
  "courage, if not altogether to stop, the practice of rriving lerral effect to a
  : :~orm of m.arriage .such. as. was. presented to us in thi~ case, which, if not by
     ItS form, IS certamly m Its ann and result in violation of the sacred prin-
  "ciples of Jewish family life".                        .            .

   70. So much for marriage. These marriages terminate quickly in di-
vorces. In 19?6 t~ere were recorde~ 4,4'~5 Jewish marriages in Palestine
and 2,261 JewJSh dlvorces. The Jewlsh dlvorce/marriage rate for 1986 was
therefore 51 per cent. for Palestine as against 40 per cent in 1935. The fol-
lowing table gives comparative figures for Palestine and other countl'les.

         MAl.lHTACm ANI.> DIVOHCE RNrES IN PALESTINE AND OTHER COUNTRIES.



                                                      Marriage    Divorce
                                                                                Divo"ces .
                                                      rate per   rate per
                                          Year                                  per 1000
                                                      1000 po_   1000 po_
                                                                                marriages
                                                      pulation   pulation



 1. lilgypt        Moslems.               1934    I    18.6        6.22            478
                    Jews                  1934          9.1        1.57            172
 2.      United States                    1932          7.9        1.28 .          163
           Nevada                         1932         76.2       42.89            563
           New York                       1932          8.1        0.38             47
 3.      Austria                          1934          6.5        0.93            144
 LJ.     Algeria                          1934           -           -             102
 5.      IJatvia                          1934          8.4        0.92            110
 6.      Switzer1!tnd                     1935          7.8        0.78             94
 7.      Denmark                          1934          9.5        0.83             86
 8.      Germany                          1934         11.1        0.82              74
 9.      New Zet1land                     193,1         7.63          -              75
10.      :B"'rance                        1934          7.11       0.48              68
11.      South Africa                     1934         10.39          -              64
12.       Czechoslovakia              I   193,1         7.85        0.46             59
                    Jews                  1934           -          0.71             -
18.      Yugoslavia                       1934          6.8         0.38             56
14.      England & Wales                  1934          8.43        0.11             13
15.      Russia                           1928         10,01        3.15            315
16.      Palestine Moslems                1935         11,7         1.56            133
                                          1936          7.66        1.15            150
                      Jews                1935         13.8         5.48            398
                                          1936         12.00        6.10            509
                   Christians             1935          4.37
                                                        3.63
                                                                      -
                                                                    0.05
                                                                            I        -
                                                                                     16
                                          19313


  The figLU'es for other countries are quoted from. official publications of
Egypt, United States of America and Germany.

   It will be seen that J'ewish divorce in Palestine measured against Jewish
marriage places the Jewish population of Palestine in n~arly ,the sal?e posi~ioll
as that occupied by the State of Nevada. The companson lS not 11!apt S111ce
divorce in Reno is mainly divorce of persons who are unable to obtall1 decrees
in other states in which" thev habitnuJly reside; whereas ill Ol'del" to become
habitual residents of Palesti'ile outside' the immigration law J B\vish women
m{1lTY and then seek divorce in Palestine. While the reason for the high
divorce-rate in Palestine is to be found mainly in evasion of the immigration
law through marriage in which no m~ltua1ity ~s int~nded, there can be no
doubt that laxity of regard for the mal:nage relatIOllshll? may ha'.'e u"?fortu~~te
eff~cts on coming generations; a~d It. w?uld be ~n lll?lllte pity If ~amlhal
Ul1lty, an admirable feature of JewIsh lIfe 111 the Dlsperslon, were lost m J ew-
ish life in the National Home.
                                                                                             Country of
       71.
       Subsidiary table No. 4 gives information as to the distribution of J ew-              birth. citizen·
ish immigrants by countries of birth, citizenship and previous residence.                    ship I1nd
Poland rmd Germany dominate these distributions, 50 per cent. of the im-                     previouB
migrants hu;ving been born in Poland and nearly 2'1 per cent, in Germl1uy.                   abode.
              .Onthe other hand only 20 per cent. of the ~lllmigrantB had ~l~rllmn .nation-
               ality while 27 per Gent. ha~l Germ.any us then' cOllntry o~ prevwus resIdence;
               and 46 per cent. were PolIsh. nat!On~ls ~11thongh. not qUIte 41 per cent, had
               Poland as the country of prevIOus refndenee. J\; IS, of eonrse, the cU,se that a
               proportion of J ewish jmmigra~ts fron~ Gel:mallY are Poles by bil't,h ~r citizen.
               ship 01' both, The sex-proportwns of mll111grants from tb~) tvvo J?nnClpuJ coun·
               tries of previous residence are snch that Polt1m1. sends to ..PlLlestme        1?
                                                                                             females
               every ten males and Germany sends .the s.exes III l~ppl'().xlUll~te eqlUtl!I:y. The
               result is in accordance with expectatlOn smce the 1l111lllgTatlOn of persons de-
               pendent on· residents in Pftlestille is hrgely that of girlR lmd \v(Jr~lCn l'cbted to
               settlers in Palestine in past years who wero prepondemlltly Pollslt,

Occupatious       72. Subsidiary table No. 5 (l1) give::; the Pl'OPOl'tiOl wl .c1istrilmtion of the
of Jewish     Jewish immigrant popnlntioll of 1936 [tu.long (,he t;lw('l'lli. cla.Hsof!. of occnpa-
immigrants.
              tions; while subsidiary tLLblo No. 5 (1)) gwes the actual <1lstnhntloIl through
              those classes of all immigntnts, Jews, AmbR anel Othel'H in tIll) years 1932.
              1936 and shews the relLLtive lweretions to each ehtss of oem.lllatiollf:! as those
              were'returned at the censns trtken in 1931, It if:! illlPOl'tttJlt to remember that
              the occupations declared by illlmigrants l11'0 illtenc1(~<l to he tho occupations
              from which thev have derived their livelihoml before lLlTivld in Pu,lestine.
              Heference to pai:agr:tph 67 above shews thal; of the ,Jewish ill1Llligl'ants in 1936
              distdbuted by LLge on the classifi.cLLtioll snggel:ltctl by VOIl IVlnyl', (H per cent,
              have full economic capaeity and 17 per ('ent,partial l.~e()nomic capacity l as·
              sumed roughly to be ftbont, one-lHtlf. Yet front suhsi<lial'Y table No. 5 (a) it
              appears that only 33 per cent, of I;hese illlllligrall\.:-; tkelared pu:-;t glLinful oc-
              cupations. The discrepaney between the two 11l'O)H)rLioll:-; llmy be (tttl'lbute(l
              to many Citl1SeS e.g'. to laek of gainfnl occupation in the eOllllLry of previous
              residence, to misconception as to tbe t1eeiarn,tioll req \1 i \'{\:1, to rl'.lllctltl1Ce to
              declare previous occupation, 01' to belief that; tlecllLmt.joll of fll tlll'O OccupLLtions
              was reqL1ired as to which the immigmnts were ignorant. Many immigrants
              find, after their f1lTival in Palestine, HmI; they must, (lurive their livelihood
              from forms of activity that differ from those whieh g'(tVl\ them fmhsistence in
               their countries of previous residence. Some imrnigmnts choose of deliberate
               intention to follow other pursuits. N eyt:'l'theless there is It g'lmC'l'ltl n priori
               expectation that men LL11(l wornell immigrants will usunJly Hoek to derive their
               livelihood in occupations in which they 1ll1ve ttlreac1y reltchetl a. degree of com·
               petence, Yet 63 per cent. of the Jewish illlllligl'i\llts gave llO inr1iention of
               past gainful activity; not, quite five per cent. W()L'e st.IHlmil:-;; ltlHI noli quite foul'
               per cent. were unable to give any precise indicalion or their forIller activities.
               The remainder comprising about RO per cent. or UH.\ i HlIll igran(;s returned ten
               per cent. in agriculture, about seven per cent. ill 1.I1lLllllflwLIlL'ing illdust,ries, of
               which 'dress anc1 toilet' was the most impol'btlll" rH the!' lllUl'U Lhall Jivo per
               cent. in e0l111UerCe, Itnc1 rather more thl111 (hl'oo per ('L'll!" ill the professions.
               As between 1935 ltnc1 1936 thero WLLS u, signilleant L'('YC'l'::;al ill the propurtions
               declared in a,griculture and manufacture, agriculttll'(, and mlLllufactnro t.l1king
               first aml second places in HlB6 m; agn.inst seeond and first. plaeefi in Ul31).

                  7B. Subsidiary table No. [) (b), is of the gl'C'atest illtl'l'esL as gi Villg' one as-
               pect of whn.t is sometimes described UI:l the impact of weHtl~rn eGotlolllics 011
               eastern eco.l1omics, and as shewing how the eGol1omic eon1ig'lIl'utioll llHty be
               significantly changed by iUllnigmtion. Hefel'eIwe Hhullhl he illUde t,o Imra-
               graph 68 of the departmental roport for 1\);31) ill whiuh will hr' fOllnel n, short
               discussion of the cautions required in the interpretatioll of tlte taiJl(). Ob-
               servance of these cautions is necessary; but, ill milking full alluwance for
               them, the observer cannot but be struck by the I'dlLtive aecl'otiol1s to the llum-
               bel'S retul'lled at the ceI?sus taken in 10:31 as gainfully ocellpied in the sev-
               eral classes of occmptLtions. 'L'here is, :1:-; has been wl'itkn above. all ((. prion
               ~xpect.ation that imll1igra~lts will tend    togravitate to ucenlmtiou:-; in Palestine
               III Wl~lCh they have acqull:ec1 some eompetenee ill othcr conntriet;;;           130 tlmt,
               eve!! If the l~st C01~1l11n of the table is not; exactly repl'eSentl1tive of the cccu-
               patlOnal configum~lOn of the whole popUlation at the prC'Henl; time, that col-
               nn1l11111S t1 very hIgh degree of likelihood.       Ami it follows at onee that the
               proportionaLaccretiol1s in occupations set (Jut in the last column of the table
               h~ve c?nsic1erabl~' importance in relation to thE' principle of conducting im-
               rmgl'l1tlonacco,rc1mg to the abflorptive captwity of the country conceived in a
               pUl'el~' eC0110111W sense, r1'he number of immigrant .earners in agricultl1l'e sill?e
               ~931 IS less than 8lght per cent. of the number of such earners in 1031; 111
               mdustries connected with metal and l11ltchines the~ immigrant earners have
               n;tore than doubled. the number of earners so engaged. in 1931 ; a similar ass~r­
               t.wn ca~ be made m respect of occupations connected with clothing and IlllI-
               Imery ;111 wooc1~:wol'ks .the number of immigrant el1rners since 1931 is nearly

                                             -   26-
three quarters of the number of actual earners in 1931; in vrinting and
stationery the number of immigrant earners since 1931 is rather more than
three-quarters of the number of such earners in 1931; in commerce and
allied occupations the number of immigrant earners since 1931 is rather more
than 40 per cent. of the number of such earners in 1931; in the medical and
allied professions the number of immigrant earners is greater than double the
number of such ea1;ne1's in 1931"'; the number of immigrant earners in
architecture and engineering since 1931 is greater than the actual number
9f such earners practising these professions in 1931; and so on.
   The~e figures suggest tha1" granted the growth of the Jewish population of
Palestme and the growth of the tota,l population of the country by
both immigration and natural increase, the mode of growth of the
popUlation of earners is of great importance, that it varies widely in the
several occuplttions, I1nd that in some occupations the possibility of absorption
at the present time may be non-existent, so thl1t the competitive entry of fut'-
ther earners can only take place at grel1t prejudice to the population support-
ed by earners in those occupations. As has been said el1rlier, there is one test,
and one test only, namely the movmnent of real income, real wages. ;If the
real income of those engaged in gainful occupl1tions is rising, there is still
opportunity for those who seek to enter those occupations; if the real income
is falling in certain occupations then those occupations are overcrowded and
there is no room Ior further earners in them. Such was the case with medi-
cal practice in 1935 when special inquiry revealed that the real income of the
bulk of medical practitioners was falling, some physicians being indeed near
complete poverty, and Government were obliged in the interests of the COU11-
try [Lnd of the profession to tlLke legal powers to restrict the annual number
of licences granted to pmctise medicine. It seems to be clear tbat special
inquiries into the real income of the whole population of eamers, Arab an(l
Jew, and of the real income of el1rners Arab and Jew in el1ch of the important
classes of occupations are essential if immigration is to be. conducted accord-
ing to the absorptive capacity of the country conceived in an economic sense.
A further 1'eference to this ultimate test of the economic success or failure oC
the present policy of immigration is made in paragraph 76 below.
   74. Immigrants are not required to declare their total capital but only to                           Origin of
                                                                                                        Jewish
satisfy the immigration authority that they have in possession and at free dis-                         immigranoo'
posal the minimum capitl11 prescribed for each category of immigration. To                              capital.
all intents and purposes the most ili1portl1nt category in which possession and
free disposal of capital are required is Category A(i) in which the minimum
capital is to be not less than LP.1,000. Subsidil1ry table No. 6 indicates that
of the Jewish immigrants in this category in 193(j rather more than one-half
came from Germany; only one-tenth from Polr,Lnd andless than one-twentieth
from the United States of America. rfhe actual capital tmnsfe1'l'ed does not,
of course, necessarily emanl1te from the countries of previous residence of im-
migrants, but there is a general expectation that the countries of origin of
immigrants and those of their capital are not greatly dissociated. If that be
so, there has been a change from the position in 1935 when Germany WitS the
first contributory of immigrants' capital giving one-thiril. of the total with
Poland and United States of America in the second phLCe giving one-fifth
each. r:I.'hechange may be the result, first, of the decree in Germany made
in April 1936 which facilitated in some respects the tr~nsfer of German Jew-
ish capital to Palestine and, secondly, of the introduction dming the year in
Poland of restrictions on the tmnsfer of foreign exchange to other countries.
   Despite the decline in the immigration of capitalists that occurred between
1935 and 1936, and despite the wide disparity between the import and export
trade 'of Palestine an d the loss of tourist traffic dl1l'ing 1936, there is as yet no
evidence that Palestine has been unahle to maint(Lin the balance of internatio-
nal payments, hut the situation generally in this Tespect needsconti-
nuous scrutiny.
   75. Subsidiary tables Nos. 7 mlll 8 give statistics of the arrivals lLnd                             Tourist tratiie
                                                                                                        ~tc.
departures of pei'sons intending temporary residence .in Palestine only for
holidays, business and the like; and also of the proportIonate use of the mod.es
of transport by both immigrants und travellers: In gene,ml the l~vel of tOUrlst
traffic fell to that of 1931. The loss of tOurISt traffic 111 1936 IS, of course,
serious, since it not only reduces the invisible export of Palestine but makes
precarious the subsistence of .those who depend upon it and its ancillary
activities.
  *The .nllmbel'of licences grantCll to pl'Ilcti"e medicine i8 now 1'0st.ricted by the Govel'llll1ent
nnder the Medical Pract.itioners (Amendment) Ordinance l\J3ii,


                                                       -    27-
                    In principal table No. XV will be ~ound the llumbeys of t~lOse tra~el1ertl
                 who use the facilities granted to them for temporury rE'sldence ll1 PalestIne as
               . a means to illegal settlement. During the year 1036 that part of population
                 of .lewish illegal immigrants which comprises ,only thos(~ who misused tni-
                 vellers' visas declined by 132 persons, wlule the number of Arah illicit
                 ~ravellers lllcreased by 468 anc1 the number of other illicit travellers, mostly
                 Egypti[1n [tnc1 El:rop~[1~, llon-J ews, ,increased h~ 820. ~rh~ decline in the
                 population of J eWlsh Ill~clt travellers IS, l~~t to be mterpreted 111 the sense that
                 illegal settlement by mlSUS? of the faClh,tl,es gl:ante(~ ~o ,Ll'l~v~llers has ceased,
                 but in the sense that the cl1sturbec1 concl1tlOl1S III 10db dmlllllshed the volume
                 of Jewish travel to Palestine and destroyed the eonfldenee of It few Jewish
                 illicit travellers in Palestine in their capacity to mainttLin It livelihood in the
                 country,

('()ncluding       76. It was suggested in paragraph 73 of the depl1rtrnentuJ report for 1935
observations    that there was ground for supposing that .Jewish iunnigmtion into Palestine
of general
natare.
                W[1S not solely a response to the economic attr(1ctions of Palestine for J ewe
                and that in consequence a theory of migration that might account for the
Absorptive
capacity and    phenomenon of historic mign1tion generally might not account for the pheno-
real income     menon of Jewish migration into Palestine sinee 1920. Be t;hat as it may,
or standard     there is, as has been pointed out in several places ~tbove, lLU ultiuH1te test of
of life.        overpopulation in a country alld consequently of the effect of immigration.
                There is ample authority for saying that overpopulation does not can se Ull-
                employment but reduces the standard of life: in so far as iuunigmtion is
                the cause of, or contributory to, overpopulation the same test applies, that is,
                it does not cause unemployment though it may uggmvato it if it is in exist-
                ence, but it assists in the reduction of the standn,rd of living, 01', what; is the
                same thing, the real income.

                  The following quotation from paragraph ,10, chapter 11, volume I of the
                Report on the Oensus of Palestine, 1931, is relevmlt : -

                       "According to orthodox economic theory, over-population is not the pri-
                   "mary cause of unemployment; its immediate ellect ILppeal'S to be a gene-
                   "l'l111y rec1uced standard of life, while the primm'y CltUSe of unemployment
                   "appears to I e in the malorgunization of, or some llHLladjnstment in in-
                   "dust-rial life, There are no reliable statistics of unemployment, uncler
                   "any defimtion, available in Palestine; but it is deal' thnt lllal(bjustment
                   "of industrial life is possible, and may be intensiftetl, if it; already exists,
                   "where industrial development, partially dependellt on immigration, is
                   "directed f110ng the exclusive lines of "race" or "nntiollaliLy". It would
                   "seem, therefore, that the twofold growth of population in PfLlestine is of
                   "the greatest value to the country so long [1S exclusiveness in economic life
                   "is avoided.      The test of the movement of population will be the chnrac-
                   "ter of the variation in real wages: if wages advance pari JHlSSU with
                   "growth of population, the whole country bencfl.ts: if wages retreat then
                   "grounc1s may exist for assuming that maladjustment in econolllic life has
                   "taken pll1ce. ~[1he causes for that maladjustment. may very well be obscure,
                   "but exclusive development will certainly require examination as a pos-
                   "sible contributory'"",.,",.,' 'If personal income decline while' the output
                   "of personal energy is the sn,me, the inevitable reaction is to work less;
                   "production then diminishes and the situation becomes worse.          '1'he mode
                   "of growth of the population in Palestine, is, therefore, greatly important,
                   "more import11nt, indeed, than the quantitative clmracter of that growth":

                    '1'he test, the only test, of the economic utility of Jewish immiaration into
                Palestine in relation to the absorptive eapacity of the country ;onceived in
                an eeonomic sense is the vuriation in real income or stl1ndarc1 of life. The
                IJ?-oney wage~* of Jews in ~ight main groups of occupational activity had
                1'1sen by 1930, 33 per cent. S111ce 1931, 50 per cent. since J.9:27. The money
                wages of Arabs in the S[1me groups had risen 10 per cent. in the same interval.
                'J'l;e money ,~~ges of Jews in agriculture had risen about 13 per cent. between
                1931 and, 19:JD: Unfortunately there are no reliable data of money wages
                o~ Arabs 111 Uf5l'lCulture. 1!1 1936 money WtLges fell but remained s:gnificantly
                hIgher ,than 111 1031. It IS not yet possible in Palestine to translate money
                wages 111tO, real W[1ges. 'rhe in~lex of the eost of living is based some-
                ~,:h~t artlfically on the f~m~ly expenditure in 1922 of junior Arab
                CIVIl servants, and, even so, It IS defective since it cloes not embrace expen-
                  *]'01' details see Wage Rate Statistics Bulletins No, 1/1937 nnd No, 2/1937 published by tbe
                Office of Statistics.


                                               -   28-
ditures on housing and clothing, both items of very great importance par-
ticularly since 1931. This defective index has not varied greatly since 1931
apart from an increase in the latter part of the year 1936 due partly to
disturbed conditions in the country and partly to an increase in the world
price of wheat. If that index were representative of the conditions of life
among Jewish and Arab labourers it would be possible to say at once that
real wages had advanced since 1931 and that the policy of conducting im-
migration in accordance with the absorptive capacity of the country had been
successfully applied. It would be, however, quite unsafe to make that in-
ference from the statistical knwledge available at the present time. It is to
be hoped that means will be found by which the variation of real income in
Palestine may be the subject of proper research, and with that observation
the discussion of this aspect of real income must be left.

   77. Another partial test call, however, be applied to indicate variatioll in
the standard of living of the popUlation. Food is, in every country, the
largest single item of expenditure of the average family. Rising consump-
tion of staple fooels per heael of population is evidence of relative prosperity,
and declining consumption of staple food per head of popL11ation is indication
of depression. Similar tests may be applied on the basis of material for
clothing and of commodities of luxury. Tests such as these require to be
applied with judgment as to the habits and and money incomes of the popu-
lation. The following tables exhibit the results of such tests in Palestine.




      OONSU}IPTION OF CERTAIN STAPLE                                        FooT.)    COMl\10DI'l'IES IN PALESTINE
               IN KILOGRAMMES pgn HEAD OF POPULATION                                                    1925-Hl35.

                                                                                                                         Total
        Year       Wheat      Bariey             Dhuna                          Coffee         Sugar      Rice          (to near-
                                                                                                                        est unit)

          1925     15G.2      55.9                 34.8                         0.817          10.22      11.94           27()
          1926     147.2      52.7                 32.8                         0.H7G          10.60      10.D3           255
          1927     129.2      38.3                 28.9                         0.753          10.37      11.40           21D
          1928     10G.2      43.2                 25.1                         0.77·1         11.40      10.80           11')7
          1929     137.3     045.'1                21.0                         0.741          10.20      10.18           225
          1930     105A)      42.5                 10.3                         0.7GD          10.70       H.33·          179
          1931      DO.7      41.G                 19.4                         0.834          1080        9.5G           173
          1932      9(i,2     40.'1                28.7                         0.7G4          12.21      12.1H           190
          1933     127.2      f.i1.8               18.8                         0.889          14./;!     14.22           227
          1934     13H.6      68.9                 44.0                         1.009          10.21      1U)7            279
          1935     12D.0      64.5                 30.1                         1.509          21.38      14.20           207
      --.-_...
           -~--'-----
                            _ _0   00   _ _ _ •• _ _ _ _   ~.   __ •   "_ _ _




    OONSUMP'l'ION Oli' COTTON PmCE GOODS (IMPOR'l'ATION) BY QUANTITY ,\ND
                            VALUE PER HgAD OF POPULATION.


                                                            Quantity                                Value at place of
                  Year                                       kgs.                                   importation in mils


                  1925                                          3.050                                      RU.l
                  1920                                          2.775                                      (;88.0
                  1927                                          2.883                                      B71.iI
                  1928                                          2.212                                      iilf:Ul
                  1920                                          1.H04                                       l!2.ii
                  1930                                          2.537                                      op35.2
                  1931                                          2.407                                      ;152,]
                  1932                                          2.4fLt                                     ;-3(;::;.7
                  1933                                          2.7U7                                      il7fUI
                  1934                                          3.457                                       158.~
                  lH35                                          :·uno                                      ·tHi1.H



                                                                                   --.~

                                                                                          29   --
                        UONSUMP~'lON OX? Ul::ll'l'AIN COi.\1~LODl'l'lES IN 1):\1~8S'l'INE l'Blt      Hg,m           OF
                                                POPUM.'rfON 1925-1835.
                                 . - . - - .-._--_...    ~------   .-- ---'._.-   ---_._-.,,"_._--------".__ ._-,-"----
                                        Cigal'cltl'R           Salt               MatchcB                  Ii:cn'osclle
                        YenI"                kgs.              kg;,.                boxc~                     litres.
                          ..
                 -~---~--- -------~-     ..---                                                        .. ..... "-- "."----._--


                        11125                                                                                   ~7.1
                        lfl2U               OA5J                                                                BO.\)
                        1927                OAllf)             7.GOO                 HLB                        B4.0
                        192R                0.5M)            . 7.1302                20.0                       Htl. 7
                        H)29                0.1377            7.75n                  22.(j                      H9.H
                        1930                O.51\)            7.GHl                  ~~.(}                      :l7.H
                        HlS]                O.50r;            7.'122                 2:\.1                      'd7.7
                        1982                OA7H              7.7HO                  W.:.!                      ili'l,(j
                        1Il31l              O.i; 1U           H.OOO                  lli.H                      Bf:l.l
                        1934                O.i,)HB           H.lOl                  22.2                       11.0
                        'Ul3G               CUi77             H.2HH                  2(1.0                       LG.7


                    On the whole these three tltbleR incli(JlLLu tlmL up to the end of 1935 .the
                 standard of living of the average inhabita~lt o~ Pal~stin~ had at leas.t not dete-
                 riorated from what it was n decac1e earher III I:lplte of the great lllcrease of
                 population. Bnt considemhle ca,ution mnst be obsonred in regard to the mean-
                 ing of 'average inha1?itant'. It if! cha.l'l1eterist.ie of an .average tha,t it often
                 conceals more than It revealK. 'rho hgUl'<:'R glven nre m respect of the total
                 population, .J ews and Arabs tog~ther, aJ;tc1 .it is quite irr~)?()ssib le to secnr.e sepa-
                 rate figures for th~ t,~o populn,i:J0l18 as ~t IS to secure fIgures for ~he (~lffer~nt
                 classes of people wIthm \.he two POPUJn.tLUl1l:l. It rrmy be that the llllmlgratlOn
                 since 1933' of compamtively wealthy Jews has maintained the general level
                 of consumption per head of population; on the other hand the Arabs form
                 the great majority of the population ,[mc1 iii is difficult to believe that if their
                 economic situation were declining, fignres of this description woul!} not reveal
                 the fact, particularly those concerned with barley, dhurn1, coffee, sugm', salt
                 and tobacco. Still, the question is open and must remain open until the
                 means are provided for contlucting detailed l'eRenl'ch in to the varia.tion of
                 standard of living and real income in Pn,lestine.
Future growth
of popullttion
                   78. Prior to the Great War the popnltLtion ol' Palestine was only slightly
in rellttion     progressive the flnctuationR in its size more 01' less balancing one the other.
to Jewish        Since thc war the popubtion has grown with great rapidity in consequence
immigration.     of large natural increfLRe :;Lmong the J\nths ancl massive immigration alllong
                 the Jews.

                    Since 1922 and at Lhe present time tho growth of the An,b popnlation con-
                 forms tolerably well with the law expl'cssetl by Vel'hulst.'s population logistic
                 equation. While popUlation logistics 111'0 not llOW held (;0 bn exprcssive of
                 laws governing the growths of all popuiations at ttll times, they sornetimes
                 are expressive of the laws of growths of cliiIerent. popllbtiollS fLt c1iflerent
                 epochs of their histories, and there fwe remarkable exam pies of the fidelity
                 with which the development of some popul:tLions is in ollctlienee to logistic
                 laws. It is not possible to determine u law of growth for the .T ewish popula-
                 t~on in Palestine, since Jewish immigmtion into the country has large fluctua-
                 tlOns.

                    If the Arab population is developing' fLnc1 continues to develop according to
                  Verhulst's logistic it is possible to predict. the size of the Arab population at
                  future epochs.     In order to determine future relatiol1Rhips between the Arab
                 and Jewish populations in Palestine, it is necessarv to make certain aSSUlnp-
                  ti~ns a~ to the growth of the Jewish popUlation by natmal incre~tse and by inl-
                  m:gr~tlOn. It wo.uld 1?e ont of pla~ein a c1epurtmeutal l'eport to gi,:,e the de-
                 taIl of the calculations Involved but It ma,y be staLed that the aSRurnptlOn made
                 as to the rate of Jewish naturfll increase iR thJ.tt it will remain for some time
                 lLt the annual avera~'e of 21.01 per thousand of Jewish population. rl'his an-
                 nn~l ra.te of natn.1'al lllCl'eflse among Jews is, in point of fact, not likely to be
                 mamtamed. It IS the feature of a population with an abnormal age constitu-
                 tion dirived from n;tassive immigration in the reproductive years of life which
                 ?auses the po~u~atlOn to have a birthrate which is probably beyond its own
                 lllterna~ capaCItIes and it deathrate which is abnormally low since the
                 prop~rtlOl: of. age.cl people in the Jewish popUlation is kept small by
                 the ImmigratIOn 111 years of age in which the forces of mortality are
                 no~ strongly operative.           It is trne 1.ho,1; the Jewish birthrate in Pales.

                                                    -30 -
tine is higheT than it is in countries of the Dispersion, but, apart from
the fact that annual imm;gration maintains it above its natural level,
the ,Tewish people both in and beyond Palestine are habituated to
birth-control. When that habit has been acquired by a people it is
almost irreversible. According to Professor CaTr-Sa,undel's the authoritative
account of .T ewish teaching in this matter is given by Lauterbach who states
that when "a man fulfilled. the duty of propagation of the race, as when he
has already two children, he is no longer obliged to beget chilcll'en". Re also
states that the law does not in that event forbid contraceptive measures. No
doubt this practice is to some extent a reflexion of some of the conditions of
Jewish life in the Dispersion, and the environment of Palestine may leau to a
chalige of Jewish outlook on the size of Jewish families. It is cle&r that,
taken over a generation, a population of couples begetting two children only
for each couple is not replacing itself, because mortality causes the number of
survivors among the children at the end of the generation (say 30 years)· to be
smaller th<1n the number of original progenitors. It follows that if limita-
tion of family is practised among the Jews in Palestine to the same extent as
in countries beyoncl Palestine, their present rate of natural increase cannot
"po~sibly beIl:lainta~ne~, and this is all the ·mOl'e certain in view of the £act
that the present abnormal age constitution of the Jewish population in Pales-
tine prevents the establishment of normal mortality rates. This caution mllst
be kept in mind in the interpretation of the following table which shews for
different <1nnual ra,tes of Jewish imn1igl'ation the relationship between the
 A.rab and· the Jewish populations in future years.

      ARAB AND JEWISH FOPULA'rIONS PREDIO'I'ED IN 'I'HE FUTUR.E ON 'I'HE
                      AS8UMJ)'rlON R'rATED ABOVE.

      ~.----------.---         ------.--------~-------------~-


                                                          The size of.thc
        Annllall'ate        Year in which J·ewish        Arab and Jewish
         of Jewish           population is equal        popnlations at the
        immigration           to Arab population.        epochs at which
                                                         both are equal.


                                   Never
              °
            10,000                 Never
            20,000           'roo remote to be
                                   reliable
           30,000                  Mid-19BO                 1,560,000
           40,000                  Early-1954               1,390,000
           50,000                  Early-1950               1,280,000
           60,000                  Micl-1947                1,210,000


   Since it is improbable that the annual rate of J ewish natu~al increase can
be for long m~intained at the fig me a~sm~led ~ol' t~e calculatlO,n, the epo?ils
at which for gIVen anllual rates of JewIsh numIgratlOl1 the Jewish ,Popu.latlOll
overtakes the Arab popUlation may be rather later tlHLIl the years gIven In the
second column of the table.                                         .
   79. Such cOllsiderations as those given in the preceding paragraph are,
of comse, purely theoretic. The absorptive capacity of ~he country in .an eco-
nomic sense is a practical consideration; its test is practICal, and, as has been
emphasized in this p~rt of the report ,it is to be ~o:und only ~n knowledge of
the variation in real mcome and the standard of hvmg. Let It be noted that
the extract from the Report on the Census, 1931·,:given above. suggests that
economic exclusiveness such as is represented by· 'racial' or 'national' boy-
cotts may be an importan t element in the necessary researches into the stand-
ard of living.




                                             -- 31 -'
                           PAErr (Ill) Or1'IZEN8HIP AND COGNATE MNl".rERS.


Work performed       80. The central P[1SSport office in J erusalern has an application office
by the Passport   attached for residents of the Jerusalem district. Applications for Palestinian
Office.
                  passports, both from J ernst1lem and ont-stations, are exttmin~d for accuracy
                  and completeness by a checker. After appro~t11 by t.he ASslstan~ Commis-
                  sioner for Citizenship and Passports a passport IS made ont b~' 11 SCl'lvener and
                  signed by the Assist~l1t. Commissioner on b~h~11f of the !-I}gh Oommissioner.
                  rrhe Assistant COmn)]SSlOner also renews eX18tmg Pt11estllllan passports. He
                  issues certificates of identity for persons Ulmblc to obtain nt1tional Pl18sports,
                  identity and travel docnments to applicants without nationality, and
                  gmnts return visas for PaJestine fU1U visas for British territory t;o residents of
                  the Jerusalem district who are qualified to l'eceive them.


Work done for        81. '1'11e Assistant Commissioner for Citizeni:lhip !Lud Paseporta acts as
the British and
'l'rans·J ordan
                  consular representative in Palestine fO!' His Mt1jesty's Government, Govern-
Gove.rnmel1ts.    ments of the Dominions, Colonies [Lnc1 other British territories t1nc1 for the
                  Government of Tl'ans-J ol'lian in l'eglml to the grant of vis[L and passport faci-
                  lities. He issues, renews and endorses British passports, gmnts visas for
                  the United Kingdom and maintains 11 record of British subjeets in Palestine
                  who apply for registration. '1'his work is uone in accol'du,nce with instructions
                  laid down by the Governments concerned.

Volume of           82. rrhe volume of work clone by the passport ofiice in 1936 as eornpared
work done by
passport          with the previous years is shown in the following tttble :
office.

                                                       ,    lUHO            HlHi'j       [!Hll       l!lHH        1932


                                  'rOTAL                   )"1.()H!J        B(i.Oi)i)    ~UW)i 17.10G             10.70-1

                  Palestinian passports issued              U,OilH          11.;j·l(j    7.7;;·1 :    1,1 !l2      -1,31)1
                  Palestinian passports renewed             H,G2fi            I.H2H      2,f147 •    2,(I2ii ;     2,283
                  Palestinian passports endorsed            H,l.D            ~,nnH        I,Hal:      1,(;   l7    1,429
                  Certificates of Identity issuec1             ilDH     i      BHO         ~il7i        i1~(i'        flOD
                  Return visas granted                 I   H,ii(i7          12,lB!J      ii,OiiH      1.!l2H i     1,(i38
                  Other vIsas gl'l1nted                     2,.1HJ           n,·17!!     2,72H        I.H(ll •     1,207
                  Identity and 'l'ravel
                    Documents issued                           [Hi              ;·IHr!     ,wo           \UH'        2H4
                  fc1entity and Travel
                    Documents renewed                           ;'lU              ~-
                                                                                   .)        ~;}             11
                  British and Iraqi
                    passports issued                           -1~DlI           I!JO       HH7           [07         ;)71
                  British and Iraqi passports
                    endorsed and renewed                       -HHI*            (i·ID,     ·IHH         ij2~         :iD(i
                  Registration of British subjects
                    und retention of Canadian
                    domicile                                    (j7               ilH        11              to        12

                  • British passports only.


I'asspol't and
visa applica·        83 .. Sinc~ 1926, ~hen Palestinit111 passports ,vore firs!' pl'inted, 7\) ,50,1 h.ave
tions.            b.een Issued 111 Palestme. Passports [11'e only issued at J el'l1salem but u.ppllCa-
                  tlOns may .be J?ac1e at the sub-offices of the c1ept11'tment at 'l'el-A viv, Haifa,
                  J ~ffa, or Tlbenas according to the place of residence of the upplicl1ut. Palesti-
                  I.Hat: passports rllay now be renewec1 and endorsed [,nd return visas grantecl on
                  foreIgn passports at the sub-offices at Tel-A viv Haifa and J affa wi t.hout refer-
                  ence to Jerusalem. British passports' of British Army, Navy and Ail' Force
                  personnel may also be renewec1 and endorsed at these sub-offices.

                                              -   B2-
   84. 'rhe 3L1,6S9 passport and visa applications in H)36 were received at the                                                         Applicationd at
following sub-offices of the department:                                                                                                f;ub·offices.


                Snb-Ofiicc                              Number                            Per cent, of u,ll
                                                                                             applications.


        'rOTAL                                          K4,68H·                                   100

        'l'el-AVIV and. J affa                          15,21B
        Haifa                                           10,'150
        Jerusl;tlem                                      8,362
        'l'iberias                                            661


  85. A number of Mukhtars and others who furnished false evidence III                                                                  Prosecutions.
connexion with applications for passport services were successfully prose-
cuted and convicted under the Passport Orc1inance, 1934.

   '1'11e prlLu[;ice of maniu,ges of cOllvenience contracted between male PuJei:i-
tinian citizens ancl foreign wornen in order to enable the women to evade the
Palestinian Immigration I.Jaws persists. Seveml 'pl'ofessional husbands' who
made false statements in connexion with their applications for the grant of
Palestinian passport facilities to their wives were prosecuted and sentenced
to terms of imprisonment. Pfl<SSPOl't.s of professional husbands are usually im-
pounded by virtue of the fourt.h proviso to sed,ion 3 of the Passport Ordinance,
1934.

  Ht). '1'he !1bllOl'lllUJly high ratio of Jewish divorces to ;r ewish marriages in                                                     .Fictitious
Palestine it> shewn in the following table:                                                                                             marriage
                                                                                                                                        and divorce.
NIJMmm OF DIVOIH~J.tJS PBJ1100 MARRIAGES HBllHlTERED UNDER'l'HB J:>nOVISIONS
                                                             1919, 1i'OR THE
(W 'I'HE HEGIS'I'H·\'rION OF MARUIAUE ,\.ND DIVORCE OUDlNANOE,
                          YEAH 'gNDBlI           'l'I-m :·Uwr     'DEOK\1BER,        1936.

                                                                                                           NUMBlm l)]"
                                                                                                            DIVOlWES
                                                                                                 !JPl'     100 lVTARlUAGJ.tJS.
                                                                                I
  DIs'rRTe'!'
                                                                                                     ,                         or.
                                                                                                                               ;:1
                                                           §                                       ;",                        .:S
                                                                                                                              .",

                                                          '"i
                                                            0                                        0
                                                                                                                    'I.
                                                                                                                    ;::        ...
                                                                                                                              .::!a
                                                          .....                                    .....           ...,       0
                                                                                                                     "
                                                          A
                                                                  I..                              ""
                                                                                             .----~.




PALESTINE             5,HHO·       4,445· 386            900            2,261            6      15.0             50.9             1.6

Southern
J)istrict            1,H75 i       2,75H:         62     400 ,          1,292            2       20.3            ;~6.8           3.2

Jerusalem
District             1,0RB           .,)37   I   1$)8    136             240)            ·1 !i 12.5              4A.7            2.0
                                                                                                                          I
NOl·thern
District                           1.149         126     364             729 :       -        ! 12.4
                     2,H2B
                                                                                                             I 63.4
                                                                                -- -.-----~.--- _.- ... --.~~ ..... -


  87. Many application::; are "tnade eauh yeal' by Jewish immigl'ants from                                                              Changes of
Burope for the change of their nallles to Hebrew names, generally on the                                                                names.
!wqnisition of Palestinian citizenship. These changes are registel'ed under a
public notice of the 16th March, 1921, and lists are published periodically in
the Palestine Gazette. The following numbers of changes of llame were
registered in 1\-):-36 as compared with previous ~'ears :

                                 ';'lH25-1929                            2,002
                                   1930·1934                             1,464
                                   1935                                    7!)B
                                   1936                                    682
   rrhe records prior to April, 1925, are incomplete.
, from 1st April. H125 on 1:·.

                                                                   -- 33 -
Work ([onc by          . 88. Applic!Ltiolla [01' lH1tu~'ldj~lLtion<Ll'e Ilmtle. thl'.ough tl~e jlll~LJld offices !Lt
naturalization        'J'el-Aviv, HlLifn, Jnffa and 'l'lUel'HlH llnd the l111plwl~tlOl~ sectIOn of the passport
branch.               oftice in J ernsalem.A field officer of the ll!Ltunthzu.tlOll branch of the pass-
                      port office also visits outlying villag~s u?d .reeeiv:es ~pplien,tio.ns on the Sp?t.
                      All appliqatiolls are pltssed to the pohce for mvef:ltlgatlOll and, If r~turned WIth
                      a recommellda(;ion, nre checked for tleCnl.'aey amI COIlIpleteneRs III the natu-
                      l'aJizntiol1 branch in J e1'l1S!Llelll. rrhe application is t.hen considered by the
                      Assistnut Commissioner fol' Citizenship and PnHflports hut l'ejeetioll of an ap-
                      plieation is decided by the .Commis8ioll~1'. \'lhell all. aPI~limLtion if:! fLpprovec1
                      rt naturalizfLtion certifiCfLtc IH made out 111 t.he mti,\ll'1l1u-mtlOll bmnch aml des-
                      patched to t~le :,~.sfl!stallt. Uommissioll~l' fol' M.igratio,ll 01' the District Officer
                      of the sub-dIsh'let III whwh the fLpphcant l'mndel:l. ,rho 8ueccssful apphcant
                      takes an OlLth 01' gives 11 solemn aff1rmlLtion of allcgianee (0 the PaleRtin6 Gov-
                      ernment before the appropl'iat0 ofiieoJ' heron' l'eedvillg the lULtUl'alization
                      certificate.
QUl1lillCl1tiollo        89. '1'11e qnaliilmLtioll1:l for Imtnntiization ttrll tvvo yeal's' residence in Pal-
for                   estine out of the three years illllnocliately preeudiug' tllO date of ILpplication,
Jlu,~lIra1ization .
                      litemcy in one of the three Inng'lmges, good elmraetul' !UHt (;he declared inten-
                      tion to settle ill Palestine. In 11 very few Cl1se8 naturalization is granted to
                      perSOllS under Article 7 (5) of the P!tlestillitLll Cit;ill,lHlHhip Ordor, 1025, whose
                      two years' residence hl18 not beon within the three yearH immediately priOl'
                      to the a!1te of application. III specil11 em;es mil101'8 are granteel nutul'alizl1-
                      [;iOll uncler Article t)(2) of the Order. '['lw fee fol' l1!ttl1l'nlization is 500 mils.

Number of               90. ' 'rho nUllIbers of appliCf1tiollS SubllliLtetl lLull Imtumlizatioll certificates
persons               c1eliverec1 ill lH3G IlR compared wit;11 previollH ~'Cl1I'H al'0 Hhown ill (;he follow-
naturlllize(l.
                      ing table:
                                                                                 Allllliel1tiol\~                            (·"l'tilil'U.tI'K
                                             Yeat'
                                                                                      submittell                              doliVl'l'l'll.

                                             TOTA],                                    89,597                                      g·l,fJ.! 7
                                            :: 1925·1920                               20,168                                      lfi,fi51
                                               1930-HHII                                7,!J78                                       R,l () 1
                                               1935                                     6,007                                        ;),!J!J "
                                               1986                                     5,44-l                                       '\·,\)'11

                                ,:tfFl'om h;t Septembel', 1025.
\Vork dOIle b.l          m. Of the total of 5,<144 applitmtiollH Hublllitkd during 1\)3(\, 9-16 were
field naturaliza-      accepted by the field naturalization offieer [rulll l'eRi<1euts in .T ewish rural
 tion officer.
                       settlementI'. 'l'wenLy-two settlements were visited dming the year in which
                       the pl'oiilllilHLl'Y issue of f01'III8 to applicantR hall \Wt'll arranged by t.he Gell-
                       eral Council (Vtt'ttd ]~eulJli) of the Jpwish COIlII 11 \1\1 it \' of Palestine, whose
                       services continue to be 1I10flL llsefu1.                         '
 Proportion of           92. .At the ce1l8US of 1\131, (;(),OOO persons 01' Ho Vl~1' eent. o[ the ,Tewish
 immigrants            populatlOll were not Palestinic1l1 citi7.ens. Sillce Lira L c1:ttu, 27,G80 pel'SOllS
 naturalized.
                       haye acql1ired Palestiniun citizenship by uat,nralill,at.iOlI
 Previous              . 93. '1'he ~'aee a~d citizellsbip or the pel'SOlll:i Lo wIt om llalll\'alization certi-
 citizenship           hel1tes were Issnec1 m 193,1, 1935 and 1936, wel'e HS follO\vs :
 of persons
 llntul'ltlized.
                                  nitizCll~hip.
                                                                                       Number                                              ["'1' ,·"IIt.
                                                                   lIln(;               1\l3~            l\IH I            Willi              [\JoG            1934
                          ,Tews
                              '1\),1'AI.,                          ·1,847'               5,1:)1:11   i   1,B1::l6 i        .100.0      I       100.0 •         100.0

                              Polish                               I,U65                 2,(H:l2 i          70,1.            10.5 I              45.6·          87.3
                              Hussian                                H6!                    848!            438i              B.6 :              H.4 •          23.2
                                                                                                                                  I
                              RUlllanil1 \1                          352                    :H9 i           152               7.3 !                5.9           8.0
                              Germn,n                                652                    252      1
                                                                                                             66              HI.5 !               13       1     3.5
                              Other                                  826                    951,            3541             17.0      I         16:2      i    18.8
                              St.ateless                             686                    79B i           172:             IB.1 :              13.6·            9.2
                                                           ,                      I
                           Non-.TeWR
                              'rOTA.I,                                      n4'              l13             111
                              'l'nrkish                                     26                  31                38
                              Syrian                                        21                  28                21
                              Egyptian                                                           5                 6
                              Other                                         47                  54                !G   1




                                                               -      34
   \:14. .DL1~·ing U)i3!\ a,nil Pl'~ViOll8 yen,!'s, the following .IlumlJl'rs of holders of    Voluntary
natumhzatlOll certIficat.es (hvestec1 themselves of their own accord of their                  rennnciation
                                                                                               of citil',cnRhi\,.
Pale~'lt,i.nian ci~i~e.l1flhil~ lll;der. Artiel~ 15 ?f the Palestinifloll Citizenship Order,
182::>, on acq.Ulslt,lOl1 of: a forelgn nat,lOl1ahty :

                                 'rO'rAI,                   III
                                 1925·1929                  10
                                 1930·19f.\II               85
                                 1935                         9
                                 19R6                         7


  1)5.   During U)31i a,nd previous yettrs the following numbers of the holders                Deprival of
01' l1(1turaliz[l,tion certificates who (a) had been ordinarily resident out of Pal-           citizenship.
estiine for longer than three years und who showed no disposition to return
within the measurably nettl' future, or (b) had shown themselves disloyal or
disaffected towal'ClR the Government of Palestine were deprived of their Pal-
estinian nationality by annulment of their certificates of citiizenship or revoca-
tion of their certificates of naturalization under Article 10(1) flnd 10(2) of the
IJalestinian Oitizenship Order, 192;5, uno ~mhseqnently under Article ':3(]) nll(l
2(2) of the PR,lE'stinian Citi7.enship (.\men(iJnent;\ Ol'der, 18:11 :

                                                 (It)             (h)
                     'l'O'l'AL                  281               HI

                     1928·1929                     (j
                     H)30·1934                  256               16
                     1935                         8                2
                     1936                        11                1

   Bach person c1epl'lvecl of J?alestinil111 citizenshi 11 is first l1sked to. show cause
why this action shonld ))ot be taken. All annulments and 1'evocatlO11s are ap-
proved by the Secl'eta:l'Y of Rtate for the C'olnnie"s an(l pnblished in tIle 1'a,le[-;-
tine Gf1zett,e.


  96. Indigent Pt1lestinia,n ciLizells al'e repatl'iated rei; public expense                   l{epalriation.
on giving a written undertaking to refund the rtmount expendecl on
their repatriation to Palest,ine. As 11 l'ule, co11ato1'l11 gnarantees are obtained
from local sureties fLnd, where possible, the cost of repatriation is paid in ad-
vance by l'ellttives in Palestine. Anthol'ity for repatriation is now g'I'anteo hy
the Assistnnt Oommissioner for Citizenship [mu Passports.




                                                        -   85-
THE PRINCIPAL TABLES OF MIGRATION

                                   1 936.


   In Lhese tables the ter01 l'egisterec1 immigrants includes persons arriving as
 immigrants, persons arriving as travellers and registered as immigants in 1936
 and persons exempted from the provisions of the Immigrat.ion Ordinance No.
 38 of 1933.
rrABIJE I -     Summary of UlTivu,ls in tmd departures [rum Palestine eluring
                the year 1936.


  rrhis table reveals the inward and outward migration for the year by conti-
nents of usual residence and by the 'racial' or 'national' declaration of the mi.
grants. Persons 'in transit' through Palestine are shewll separately since, on
the whole, the perioc1 of ,residence in Palestine of personR In transit is of little
material consequence to the economy of Palestine.




                                     -,37 -
                                                                                                                                TABLE I.
                                                                      SUMMARY OF' ARRIVAI,S IN AND DEPARTURES FRO"M PALESTINE DURING THE YEAR                                                 1936.

      Origin by continent                j                        Arriyals and Departures excluding "In transit"                                                                                        Transit Travelkrs
        (according to                    1-                       ~-~-~---




                                                                                                                                                                 ------ Arrivals                                      \~____ - Departures
      eountry of usnal         Sex                             Arrivals                                              Departures                             I
          residence)                   /- T;tltl-             ,Tews        Arabs        Others        Total     1_   Jews_'-
                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                    Arabs    J -O-th-e-r-s-I-!O~al           .Jews   J_    Arabs   _I      O~ers i_:rotal_~ Jews       l   ~~llf; __L~thers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 I

      Total                 iPersons 1140'772,1 59,942                     -4 - -9 i 26,271 118,976
                                                                                    I                                ~!:l,741 54,576             25,659         7,160           437        2,5091           4,214       6,904        455   2,369         4,080
                            iMales
                            ,
                                       92,2931 38,121
                            ~Females 48,479. 26,821
                                                                       I   tl' ,DD
                                                                           42,686 16,486 83,102
                                                                           11,878
                                                                                    1
                                                                                      9,785 fl5.874
                                                                                                                     24,025 43,092
                                                                                                                     14,716 ! 1] .484
                                                                                                                                                 15,985
                                                                                                                                                  9.674
                                                                                                                                                                4,904
                                                                                                                                                                2,256
                                                                                                                                                                                287
                                                                                                                                                                                150
                                                                                                                                                                                           1,997
                                                                                                                                                                                             512,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       i    2,620
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1,594
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4,716
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2.1R8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     303
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     152
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1,869
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             500
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2,544
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1,536



     fiJuropeans        'Persons              44,757 ! 35,337                 51         9,369        18,525          D,884             :dO       :-;,621       1,478           168!               7        1,003       1,448        171         2\      1,275
                        !Males                22,726 ' 17,243                 24         5,459        10,728:         5,774             15        4,939           846            98                5          743         844        106        li         737
                        'Females              22,OHl ; 18.094                 27:        ::un 0        7.7'il7        -1.110                ;)    H,682          (Hl2            70 !              2          560         604         65        1         "HR
co                                                                                                                                                                                     i
00
                                 I
     Asiatic            lPersons! 87,783:                    22,035 54,026              11,722 I 93,810, 26,926                     54,414       12,470         3,075           130!       2,323,             622       2,940        151    2,221 i        561:1
                        !Males i 64,448.                     14,WG 42,451                7,591' 68,115. 17,102                      42,967        8,046         2,372    !       D3 i      1,865 :            414       2,252        105    1,760 i        387
                        ,Females I 23.3Rii                    7,629: 11.575              4.1R1 25.695 i 9.824                       11,447        4.424           703    i       ;17         458              208.        688         46      461          un
                                     I

     :\ meri cans           Persons:          ~,t;2i:J   :    1,234,         178         1.411         2,3:d4           H721           :-12       1.420          ;'531           42            45             444         556         i6       35          495
                        Males                 1,515             658'          91          7G6          1,252    i       471     !      22           759          271             20            32             219,        287         14       26          247
                        Females               1.808             576           87          (i4ii        1.072            401            10           fin1!        260             22            13             225         269         12         9         24R


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     i
     Other,;            1'e1'80n8             5,409          1.::136         ;)04       0.769         4.1:117         1.059           110,        :i.H8         i,075            97          1iHl           1,!:l45     1,960        107      III :      1,742
                        Females               3,604·            814          120        2,670         ;.),007.          67t:l          88 :       2.241         1,415            76           95            1,242       1,333         78       82        1,173
                        ,l\/fales             1.R05             ;,22         184        1.D!Hl    i   1,310 •           381            ~2           907           660            21            38             603         fl27        29       29          569
'l'ABTJE II - Analysis of arrivals,


   'J:his table is composed of five sub-tables :-

     (a) Shewing' the relationship of passengers to Palestine and the means
       of transport which those passengers nse in entering the country;
     (b) Bhewing the various pmposes for which personH, who are not immi-
       grants, enter Palestine and the mode of transport used in each case;
     (c) shewing' the aggregate of immigrants classified by 'racial' 01' 'natio-
        nal' declaration and by the category of immigrants prescribed by the
        Immigrat'on Ordinance No. 38 of 1933, this aggregate consisting of
        immigTants actually arriving as such shewn in sub-table (d), and of
       travellers in Palestine subsequently regi.stered as immigrants shewn
        in sub-table (e).




                                    -- :30 -
                                                                                           TABLE II -                     ANALYSIS OF ARRIVALS.
                                                                                                         (a)    ARRIVALS BY SEA, LAND AND AIR.



        Class of pa;;sengers         Sex
                                                   _______ :                  0   t_~l ______                  J______             .T e   ~______I                               Arabs                                        Others

                                                               I                               I Ail' !
                                                                                          --"-1'------ -)--- Total I Sea I Land Air I '.rotal Sea 1- - - i - - - · i - - - - - + - - - - ' - , - - - +Air -
                                                    Total              Sell         Land                                                                  1                                  Land         Air   i   Total     Sea            Lnnd
                                                              T----     . ---       --.                        -------I-----)---+I----'---+-I                                                          -

                                                               I                                                 I                        I                         1                    ! ;                                             I
     Total a.rrivals            Persons
                                Males
                                                  147,932: 57,308
                                                   97,197 i 29,981
                                                                                    89,6341' 990 I 60,379
                                                                                    66,441 7751 33,408
                                                                                                                               41';,230
                                                                                                                               24,721
                                                                                                                                          I-   11,971, 178
                                                                                                                                                8,538, 149
                                                                                                                                                                        57,068
                                                                                                                                                                        44,683
                                                                                                                                                                                         i
                                                                                                                                                                                 1,667 55, 354 1 47
                                                                                                                                                                                 1,231' '13,41042
                                                                                                                                                                                                      i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    30,485
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    19,106
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7 :4111 22,309
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4,0291 14,493
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               765
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               584
                                Females            W.735: 27.327                    23,193, 21iJ, 2G,971                       23,509           3,433 i 29              12,385     436 11,944 -\  5                 11,379    3.382\ 7,816                     181
                                                               i                                       i           I                                      I                                                                              !
                                                              !                                      ,1                                                                                               I
                                                                                                     i          i :                                                                                   I
    'L'etnporary visitors        Persons          49,505           14,890 I 33,914                   I   701! 14,137            9,957     i    .1,094         86        16,745    193        16,5461        6       Hi,623    4,740          13,274            609
                                 Males
                               i Females
                                                  3~,~~6
                                                  In,Rv9
                                                                    8,168[ 24,952
                                                                    G.722 i 8,962
                                                                                                          52~
                                                                                                          17v
                                                                                                              I       ~,30G
                                                                                                                      fl,831
                                                                                                                                5,~~91
                                                                                                                                4,'),)81
                                                                                                                                               2,8~2
                                                                                                                                               1.2;)2
                                                                                                                                                              GS
                                                                                                                                                              21
                                                                                                                                                                        13,8~7
                                                                                                                                                                         2,81B
                                                                                                                                                                                  170
                                                                                                                                                                                   23
                                                                                                                                                                                             13,6~21
                                                                                                                                                                                              2,8;)4,
                                                                                                                                                                                                            5
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1!,4~3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     /,1;)0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,599
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,141
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8,418
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ·1.856
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               456
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               153
                                                                                                                                          ;
                                                                                                                j                         !
                                                                                                                i

o
"                                             ;
                                                                                                                  i
    Itllmigrants                .Persow;      !   ~9,087           27,580 !         1,1:)00 I                  .1! 27,910      27,007            900           3          506     1tl6          H20                   971      1-}90            580              1
                                Males             13,800           12,879 -           9181                     a 113,074       12,624            447           3          130      62            GS                   596      193              403
                                Fenmle::;         11>.;";87        14,704             RR21                     1 14.R3G        14,883            453                      B7G     124           252                   375      197              177              1

                                                                                                I
    Residents     returning     Persons            1,119                870               249                           ;381      520              61         -I          450     302           148 i                   88          i!) :        40
    after 11 period ex~         Males                75f;               603               152                           ;367      327              40         _i          345     249            96-                    43          27;          16
    eeed ing one yeill'                                                                                                                                             i
                                Females              H64                267                ~7                           214       193              21         -!          10;;     53            ;")2 !                 45          21           2·1



    Hesidents      returning   Persons            60,761           1~,601          47,925) 235                       17,314    10,.593         6,fii:lU       Hi)       36,858    796; 36,023:             39        G,589    1,212           5,266            111
    after a period not ex-     1Iales             44,092              7,51B        36,373 206                        11,374     6,281          5,015          78        28,344    583 27,725               36        4,374      649           3,633             92
    (,eec1in~' one year.       Female::;          16,669              5,08R        11,552 : 29                        :),940    4,::112        1,621           7         8.514    213· 8,298.               3        2,215      563           1,633             19


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1
    Transit t.ravpllers         l'erSOll:';        /,160 -            1,H64!        5,746 i               50            437       153            280           4         2,509    190        2,317          2       4,214     1,021                            44
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3, 149 1
                                r..Iales           4,9041               818         4,046       1\        40            287        90            194           3         1,997    167        1,829          1       2,620       561          2,023,            36
                                Females            2,256 \              546         1.700                 10            150         63            86           1          512      23          488          1       1,594      460           1,126     i        8
                                                                                                                                          1                                                                                                            I
                                          (b) TEMPORARY VISITORS SUB-DIVIDED BY REASONS OF ENTRY DURING THE YEAR 1936.

                                                      Total                          1
                                                                                     '                Jews                                           Arabs                           1              Others

                                                                                                                                                                             I'~r I
     Reasons for entry        Sex
                                       I-~~a;-I~~-I~a-I-~~-
                                                                                     1
                                                                                         Total       Sea        I   Land       I   Air       Total   Sea        I   Land                 Total      Sea        Land     I   Air


                                                 I            I            1         I                          I              I
     Total                  Persons     49,505       14,890       33,914       701       14,137      9,9571         4, 094     1    86  16,745        193           16,54.1      6       18,623     4,740      13,274       609
                            Males       33,646        8,168       24,952       526        8,306      5,399          2,842           65  13,867        170           13,692       5       11,473     2,599       8,418       456
                            Females     15,859        6.722        8,962       175        5,831      4,5581         1,252           211 2,878          23            2,854       1        7,150 ;   2,141       4,856       153
                                                                                                                1                        1


     Business               Persons     13,835        1,287       12,238       310        2,283       714           1,533           36    8,707            66        8,639       2        2,845 '    507       2,066        272
                            ]\IIales                                                                                                                                                            1
                                        13,472        1,238       11,934       300   t    2,185       680           1,470           35 1 .8,534            66        8,466       2        2,753      492       1,998        263
                            Fema,les       363           49          304        10   I       98        34       1      63            1      173                        173                   92       15          68          9

                                                                                     I                          I
     Holiday                Persons     30,713       12,080 18,242 3911 11,399                       8,857! 2,492                   50       6,654    125            6,525   j           12,660     3,098      9,225        337
it                          Males                                                                                                   30
                                                                                                                                                                                 4
                                        17,217        6,21010,78122615,841                           4,48°11,331                             4,552    104            4,445       3        6,824     1,626      5,005        193
                            Female:;    13,496        5,870, 7,461 165   5,558                       4,377  1,161                   20       2,102     21            2,080       1        5.836     1,472      4,220        144




                                                                                                                           ~I
     Religions pilgrimage   Persons      2,390         974         1,4161                        7          3                                  419                    419 1               1,964      9711        993
                            Males        1,093         372           721 '                       3          1                                  224                    2241                  866      371'        495
                            Females      1,297         602    1      G95                         4          2              21                  195                    195                 1,098      6001        498
                                                                                                                               1
                                                                                                                               !


     Temporary labour       Persons      1,704   I     4!H!        1,213
                                                                                     I
                                                                               =1
                                                 t                                         358        332              26                      260         2          258                1,086       157         929
                            Males           436        315:        1,121                   234        211              23                      219                    219                  983       104         879
                                         1, 268 1      176
                            Females                                   92       -\          124        121                  3                    41         2           39            1     103        53          50


     Other non-immigrant    Persons                     58
                                                              1
                                                              i
                                                              1
                                                                    805
                                                                                     I                                                                                705
     purposes               Males
                                           8631
                                           428          33
                                                              1
                                                                    395
                                                                                             90
                                                                                             43
                                                                                                           51
                                                                                                           27
                                                                                                                       39
                                                                                                                       16
                                                                                                                                               705
                                                                                                                                               338                    338
                                                                                                                                                                                            68
                                                                                                                                                                                            47
                                                                                                                                                                                                          71
                                                                                                                                                                                                          6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  61
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  41
                            Females
                                           ml           .51 ---I    410
                                                                                             -'I --I --I
                                                                                             47            24          23                      367                    367                   21            1       20

                ---~-~---                             "-"-~--.-.
                                                  (c) CATEGORIES OF rEOTAL IMMIGRANTS REGlSTEItED DURING THE YEAR 1936.

                                                                                Total                                Jews                                    Arabs                 \                 Others
                         CATEGORY
                                                                 Persons        ~laies r;::~ I~o:l--;{~l~-:-l--;::~II Persons                                Males       I ;:-=-1      Persons       '-~-.i-a-I-e-s-~F-i-e-m-a-l-e-s
                                                                                                                               I                                         I         I
                          TOTAL                                  31,671         14,914      16,757       29,727      13,942\ 15,785               675           218          457        1,269                754              515
                                                                                                                               ,
                                                                                                                               i
     A(i)     Persons with LP.LOOO and upwards                    3,014          2,480         534        2,970      2,447 '         523           18            17            1            26                 16               10
              Dependants on persons in A (i)                      2,833            719       2,114        2,810        717         2,093           14                1        13             9                    1              8

     A (ii) Members of liberal professions
              with not less than LP.50n
            Dependant::; on person in A (ii)                                                                                                                                  -~
    A(iii) Skilled artisans with not less
              than LP.250.                                          173            170           3          170        167            3              3               3
           Dependants on persons in A(iii)                          291             84        207           287         82          205              4               2         2

~   A(jv) Persons of minimum income of
               LP.4 p.m.                                            121              57        64           105          53           52             1               1:       _I            15                    3              12

    A{y)     Persons with a capital of not less
               than LP.500                                             6               6                        5         5.                                                                     l'                1
             Dependants on persons in A(v}                             7               2         5              7         2·           5

    ]3 (i)   Orphan::;                                               12                7         5i             8i                     3             8:              6         2                 1                 1

    B (ii) Persons of reliQ"ious occnpations                        501            385        116 :         234.        234                         20           13            7           247                 13H             lOB
           Dependants on persons in B(ii)                           570            lHG        374:          563         I(lSi        lHO                                                         7                 H                   -1

    Bliii) Htudents                                               1,658          1.07u        fi82        1,5\J1      1,020          571            34           2H            6             33                  2H                    r,

    c        Persons coming to employment                         7.202          ;:i,O()l   2.141.        6,9Rl       4,IJHI       2,OG2            41           35            9           177                 107               70
             Dependants on persons in C                           4.5RH          1,07H      R.45;,,)      ·1,4!Jti    1,067        H.42!l           12               4         H             25                  7,               11'

    D        Dependants of residents of Palestine                10,28;;         :-1.179    7,05U         9,.*95      8,OSO        G,4Gi)         512           lOG          40G           228                   431           1/;:,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       i

    K        Per;;ons exempted from the provi-                                                                                                           i                                                       i
                sions of the Immigration Ordinance                  ;' 15   1
                                                                            ;
                                                                                   H4         101
                                                                                                     i
                                                                                                              10          6            4i
                                                                                                                                            1
                                                                                                                                                      511     2:
                                                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                                _ _ _ _ _________ _
                                                                                                                                                                               3           500
                                                                                                                                                                                                              4°~L         ___ _ 94
                                              (d) CATEGORIES OF IMMIGRANTS ARRIVING DURING THE YEAR 1936.

                                                                      Tot a 1                               Jews                                       Ara.bs                                    Others
              CATEGORY
                                                        Persons        Males       I Fema.les I Per~ons I   Males       I Females       Persons         Males           Females        Persons       Males        FemaleB
                                                                                                                                                                                                              I
                                                                                                                                                                                   I
                  TOTAL                                 29,387! 13,800115,5871 27,910 113,074114,8361                                      506            130              376            9711         5961          375
                                                                                                                                                                                   1                          I
                                                                                                                                    I                                                            I


:Vi)   Persons with I..JP.l,OOO and upwards              2,335         1,900             435       2,320     1,891           4291             ·5                5                           10               41         ()
       Dependants on persons in A(i)                     2,496           641           1,855       2,490       641         1,849 !            1                                1             5          --I             ::;

A(ii) Members of liberal professions                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                                           -I
                                                                  I
        with not less than LP.500                            -I
      Dependants on person in A (ii)                                                                                                                       -I                              -I
A(iii) Skilled artisans with not less                                                                                               ,
                                                                                                                                    i
          than LP.250.                                     164           162               2        164       162              2:
          Dependants on persons in A(iii)
A (iv) Persons of minimum income of
                                                           279            78            201         279        78            201)
                                                                                                                                    i       -\
                                                                  1
                                                                  I                                                                                I
       LP.4 p.m.
A (v) Persons with a capital ornot less
                                                             97           47l
                                                                                   !
                                                                                          50         87        14             43l
                                                                                                                                    I       -I,                                            10            ~             7


        than I1P. 500                                         4                4                       3            3                                                                        1           1
      DependantR on persons    inA(v)                         7                2           5           7            2         --;1
B(i)   Orpham;                                                8                3           5           3       -I              3·             5             3                 2
B (ii) Persons of religious occupations                                                                       228
                                                                                                                  I                                                           4           203          120            8~
                                                           435           348             87         228
       Dependants on persons in B (iD .                    570           196            374         563       193            370            -'=!                                            7            3             et
B(iii) Students                                          1,625         1,059            566        1,567     1,005           562            29)            28                 1            29           26             i3
                                                                                                                                    !              !
C      Persons coming to employment
       Dependants on persons in C
                                                         6,956
                                                         4,483
                                                                       4,871           2,085
                                                                                       3,414
                                                                                                   6,865
                                                                                                   4,473
                                                                                                             4,825
                                                                                                             1,065
                                                                                                                           2,040
                                                                                                                           3,408 ,
                                                                                                                                    I       11
                                                                                                                                              2
                                                                                                                                                            6
                                                                                                                                                            1
                                                                                                                                                                              5
                                                                                                                                                                              1
                                                                                                                                                                                           80
                                                                                                                                                                                            8
                                                                                                                                                                                                        40
                                                                                                                                                                                                         3'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40
                                                                       1,069
                                                                                                                                    I                                                                        I         "
D      Dependants of residents of Palestine              9,486 \        3,063          6,423       8,8eO     2,937         5, 923   1      449             87              ;'162          177           39!         13H
K      Persons exempted from the provi-                           !                            i
         sions of the Immigration Ordipance .....          4421         .357 \            85
                                                                                               1
                                                                                                       1+                      11                                                         441         <357)           84
                                                            (e) CATEGORIES OF TRAVELLERS REGISTERED AS IMMIGRANTS DURING THE YEAR                                       1936.
                                                                                                                         1
                                                                                                 Tot al                                Jews                                           A   l'   a bs                                           Others
                                                                                                                         I
                                                                                       I Males I Females I Persons I
                                             CATEGORY

        -----    -   ------   --.------~-----.--             ~   ~-
                                                                                Persons                                                :Males       I Females
                                                                                                                                                    ,
                                                                                                                                                                    Persons       I       Males       I Females            Persoll"       I    Males    I       Females


                                                                                           . I 1,170 1,8171
                                                                                                                   I
                                                                                                                                                    1                                                                  I                  I
                                                                            I    2,284    1,114                                           868/
                                                                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                                                        - 9491          169                     88\          81        1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               298!               1581                o
                                                                                                             1
                                                                                                             I                     I                                                                                                      I
                                                                                   679                            99         6501         556 1           94 1           1311                   121           1                                    12
                                                                            I
                                                                            )      337
                                                                                                    58°1
                                                                                                     78,         259         320\          761
                                                                                                                                                    i
                                                                                                                                                         2441            13 1                    11          12                  1:1                1                 ii
                                                                                             1
                                                                                             I
                                                                                                                                   1
                                                                                                                                                                I                 I
                                                                                                                                                                                                      I                I
                                                                            I                                                                                                     i
                                                                            !

                                                                            I
                                                                            ,
                                                                            I
                                                                                     -
                                                                                     -
                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                             -I
                                                                                                                                   i        -I      I      -I
                                                                                                                                                                1
                                                                                                                                                                i
                                                                                                                                                                         -!
                                                                                                                                                                           i
                                                                                                                                                                                                _I
                                                                                                                                                                                                      i
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ~      -I                  -                 -

                                                                            I
                                                                            !

                                                                                         9               8           1
                                                                                     12                  6           6
;.!>.
~
                                                                            I
                              IJPA p.m.                                              241             101          14          18                9;          91            11                      1                                   5                                   ;j

                                                                                                             I                                                              i
                                                                                                                                                                            I
                A (v) Persons with a capital of not less                                                   1
                        than LP.500                                                      21                                    2                2!                       -I
                B (i)
                      Dependants on persons in A(v)
                               Orphans                                                   4   1
                                                                                                         2\

                                                                                                         4/
                                                                                                                                                           -1
                                                                                                                                                                !        -Ij
                                                                                                                                                                              3,                  3                                   1                 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            I
                B (ii) Persons of religious occupations                              66!             37           29           6                6                        16i                     Isl          3                  44                    18!            2fl
                       Dependants on persons in B (ii)                                                       1
                                                                                                                                                                i
                                                                                                             I
                B (iii) Students                                                    3il :            17!!         16          24            15 :
                                                                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                                                            91                5                                   ;j                  4                 2\
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2

                c             Persons coming to employment                         246              190 I         56         116            94 :           22 f          33:                    29            4                  97                (371               30
                              Dependants on persons in C                            50'               91          41          23                2'         21'           10;                      3           7                  17                     4'            1~

                D              Dependants of residents of Palestine                749              116          633         635            93            5421
                                                                                                                                                                I


                                                                                                                                                                ,        63                     19           44                  51                    4:            47
                                                                            I                                1
                K              Persons exempted from the provi-
                                 sions of the Immigration Ordiuance         I
                                                                       -.-----~-
                                                                                     73              571          16           9                6i          31            51
                                                                                                                                                                          _ __ _ _ _
                                                                                                                                                                            ,
                                                                                                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                                                                                    1_-
                                                                                                                                                                                                  2:          3                  59                491               10
rrABLE IIl- Departmes by sea, land and air.

  This table is the counterpart of Table II(a) and shews the relationship to
the country of persons leaving Palestine and the mode of transport they 11se.
The class 'residents departing for a period exceeding one year' is in general
international understanding held to be the class of emigrants unless the
persons are leaving the territory for a special and temporary pnrpose e.g. Lt
university course.                                          "
                                                                                                                TABLE             rn.
                                                                                          DEPAR'rURES BY SEA, LAND AND AIR.


                                                                                                                                                      I                                                            I
      CIa.ss of pa,ssengers             Sex     i--
                                                I Total
                                                                    Tot a I
                                                                   Sea         Land
                                                                                          ---I
                                                                                          Air           Total
                                                                                                                  I
                                                                                                                          Jews

                                                                                                                        Sea         Land
                                                                                                                                                 ---- - - - i - - - I -
                                                                                                                                                Air :     Total       I
                                                                                                                                                                          Arabs
                                                                                                                                                                          Sea           Land           I Air       I   Total     \
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Sea          Land      \ Air
                                      -- - --r--------
                                                                                                   i                                                                                                                                          \
                              ---,              I                                                  I
                                i                                                                                 I                                   !               !                                            I
                                                                                                                                                      ,                           i
                                                                                                                                                                                  ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                       .",:9~ 127,"""
                                                                                                                                                      t
                                                                                                                                                                                . f                    I           I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   I
    Total departures                 Persons
                                     Males
                                                i 125,1;80
                                                   87,818
                                                                  35,996
                                                                  20,720
                                                                               Htl,698 1,186
                                                                               60,163    935 24,;>28 15,767
                                                                                                                                    11,587
                                                                                                                                     8,376
                                                                                                                                                2261 56,945!
                                                                                                                                                1851 44.961
                                                                                                                                                                          1,206   1"",698
                                                                                                                                                                           912 44,012
                                                                                                                                                                                                           461 29,739
                                                                                                                                                                                                           ;37\18,529
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7,407
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4,041
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  21,418 \ 914
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  13,775\ 713
                                     Females       38,062         15.276       22,535    251, 14,8681I lU1l6                         3,211       41 11.984 I               294,I 11,6B1                     9 '11,210                3,366         7.643 201
                                                                                                   !                                                                              I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ;

                                                                                                                  I                                   i                           I
                                                                                                                                                                                  i              . i
    Temporary visitors               Persons        48,1.113 14,810          I 02,707     796          14,11)0    I    U,975        4,052       103       16,4!)/:!        126 I 16,366 i                      6       17,685 !      1,709        12,289      687
                                     Males          33,221 i 8,439             24.156     626           8,649          5,770        2,799        80       13,744           105! 13,634 i                       5       10,828 :
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ,      2,564         7,723      541
1                                    Females        15,092 ! 6,371              8Ji51     170           0,481          4,205         1.2i53      23        2.754            21    2,732 '                      1        6,857 i      2,145         4,566      14H
~                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 i



    Residents    departing           Persons          1,178       1,005 :        173                      773            7()3             10                  147           92                 55 :        -I             25Hl         150           108
    for a period exceeding           1\£ales            654         5,11 '       113,                     :-179          H75               4                  111           66                 45 '                       1641I        100            64
    one yea·r                        Females            :i2e!.      Hie!          fiO;                    :l!H           388               6                   36           2fi                10          -;              94;          ,,0           H


                                                                                                                                                      ;
    Hesidents   departing           Persons         69,485· 11'.1:>20; iiO.HcJ4!          iJ~H:        2il,oi3S       Hi,4t30       7,23G       122 i 37,931               9321 36,965:                    3-1          7,716        1,411         li,133     172
    for a period not ex-            Males           49,227 i 10,9l:'2: cJ7,!J!:;4;        2()1 14.997                  9,524        5,369       10J: 29,237                           "'19 .
                                                                                                                                                                           698:j 98 ,tJ
                                                                                                                                                                                      .:.J       ;.J       27,          4,993          7GO         4,103      130
    ceeding one year                Female;;        20,25R i 7,H-I.1 ! 12,i~i'iO           157 , H,8e!1           i    6,I1i5G      1,RH7        IH! R.B94                 234! 8,453                      . 'I,        2,723          G51         2,030        42



    Transit. traveller;;            Persoll:'         IUJ04       1.i:\£5H     :iAHe!      j".J
                                                                                            J~             155 !         Hi;)           21:59     1        2,cJ69           56,              2,307          G           J,OtiO       1,107         2,888        55
                                    Males             l.71li        7;)1)1     o,910       41:;'          ;30a             98           204       1        l,tl69           4si              1,821          :J:         2,544          617         1,885       ·12
                                    Femal(:"          2.1,';:-;     (iOO!      1.,,74 .    11             152 :            !i'l          H;)                  500           13j                486          1:          1,536          ii20        1,003        la


                  -~------
                                         ---~--       --   ---~   ~---
                                                                                                                                                                      i
                                                                                                                                                                      I         J_
TABJ.JE IV -     Birthplace of immigrants arriving and resic1ents departing
               . permanently.


 This table shews the countries of birth of immigrants and emigrants.
      BIRTHPLACE OF IMMIGRANTS ARRIVING AND OF HESIDENTS DEPAltTING PERMANENTI,Y.

                                               .               t                  TIcsidents departing
                                       Immlgran s                                     permanently
    Conntry of birth
                          Total         J   ews'-rAl~;~ L_~t~l:;' :::~~_~t_al __ L~Tewe                Arabs           Others

                 'rOTAL   29,3871 27,910                      506\         971    1.178     773           1117            258
                                                                       i
EUROPE;                                                                I
                             364             362                             2       18 i    16                                 2
 Austria
 Belgium
 Bulgaria
                               26
                             146
                                              22
                                             144
                                                              =1
                                                               -I
                                                                             4
                                                                             2
                                                                                      2'
                                                                                      21
                                                                                              1
                                                                                              1
                                                                                                           -I
                                                                                                           -,
                                                                                                                                1
                                                                                                                                1
 Czechoslovaki!L             ,181            .J:U                            7      18       16:                                2
 Danzig                        21             21
 Denmark                          2                                    I     2              ---I

                              18              18                                      1       11
 Esthonia
 Finland                          1                                          1
 France                        65             39                            23      20                                     20
 Germany                   6,630        (1,1)51                             70      7(\      'lR                           28
 Great Britain               486            55                     1       M30      95       12                            83
 Gl'eec-e                    375             359                            16      28       15                            13
 Hungary                     192             189                             3      16       1B                              3
 Italy                       11<1             13                           101      RIl       1                            134
 T-1atvia                    446             446                                     lU      Hl
 Lithuania                   797             797                                    26       2H
 N etherlallc1R               9B              fH                             2       2        1
 Norway                           1            1
 Poland                   13,837       13,830                      1         H     279      278                                 1
 Rumania                   1,448        1,445                      1         2      54       liB                                1
 Russia                    1,040        1,025                               15      98       H7                                 1
 Spain                        47            5                  29           13        (j                                        (3
 Sweden                           1                                          1
 Switzerland                  45              89                             (l       8
 Yl1goslavin                  68              64                             ·1       H
ASIA:
 Afghanistan                  /:l0            HO
 China
 Hec1jaz & N eid
 India           .             7
                                 8
                                 7
                                                8
                                                5
                                                fl
                                                                   1   I     1
                                                                             1
                                                                                            =1                                  ,[
 Iraq                        267             266                   1                                           R
 Koweit                       12              12
 Palestine                    56              ,16                            (j     L77      78    1

                                                                                                           H7      I       1]
 Iran                        157             156                             1        1       1    1

 Syria & Lebanon             322             117              187           18      56                                      1
 Yemen                       253             220                            28      rH       17                            17
 Yemen & Aden                765             765     1
                                                                                     7        7
 Trans-J ordf1l1                                                                      1
AFRICA:
 Egypt                       H06                              127          101      1-1       rI                            11
 Morocco                       9                                   H                  1       1    i
 Sudan                            7                                          2        1
 Tripoli                      37              37
 'l'unis                          2I            2
 Union of S. Africa                             6                            6        2       2
                              121
  Others                      12                7                  ai        2
.'l.MBRICA
    Arg'entine                25                8                           13        1
    Brazil                    15                7                            (j       1                        1I
    Canada                    13                9                            J                             ..-_. i
    U.S.A.                    88              61                   6        21      52       ;;0,                               2
    Mexico                                                                           2                                          1
    Otheri':                 121                6              09           16        (j

AUS'l'HALIA :                                   (j                           2
OTHER PARTS OF
THE BRITIHH
ill MPIRE                                                                                                                       2
                                                               29i          24
                                                                       I

                                                         -~   48-
rJ1ABLE V -   Citizenship of immigl'ants arriving and of residents departing
              permanen tly.


 This table shews the citizenship of immigl'fmts and emigrants.
                                             TABIJE V.
    CITIZENSHIP OF hI1I1GHANTS AmUVINCl AND OF H~SIDgN'rS DIWAIt'l'INO PgltMANEN'l'Ll.

                                                                           ResideJlts departing
                                      Immigrants                               P C l' m a 11 e n t 1 y
      Citizenship
                       I--T-o-ta-l~I--J-ew-s--~l-A-l-.ab-s-'I-O-tb-e-r8-1--T-o-ta-l~I--J-e-w-B-'I--A-ra-b-s~I-O-t-be--ra­
                                                      ---\,---+----+-i----:--'!i------+I- _
             TOTAL       29,387       27,910          006         1)71      1,1781          778        1471         208

EUROPE:
 Austrian                    887         387                                   15            18                        2
 Belgian                      22          19                         8          2             1                        1
 British                     641         182                      '159        109            18,                     91
 Bulgarian                   136         184                         2          2             11                       1
 Czechoslovak                485         478                         7         1H            16                        2
 Danzig                       21          21
 Dutch                        99          97                         2           2            1
 Danish                          3          1                        2           1            1
 Esthonian "                  11           14                                    1            1
 French                      104          72             7          25          32             7           1         24
 German                    5,692       5,612                        80          68           137                     81
 Greek                       359          34'1                      15          83           20                      18
 Hungarian                   164         164                                    17           13                        ,1
 Italian                      Hl5          62                     103           85            ]                      84
 Latvian                     436         ,136                                   11           11
 Lithuanian                  734         734:                                   22           22
 Norwegian                       1         1
 Polish                  12,984       12,929                         5        198           197                        1
 Portuguese                      4:        4:
 Rumanian                  1,379       1,379                                                 11                        1
 Russian                     517         513.                        4                       24 I
                                                                                                   1
 Spanish                      29          17                        12                                                 8
 Swedish                         2          1                        1
 Swiss                         35          29                        6                                   -I
                                                                                                               1
                                                                                                               ,       4
 Yugoslavian                   65          61                        4                                                 1

ASIA:
 Afghanistani                  80          80                                  -i           --,
 Chinese                                                                               I
                                 6           (j                                             -i
 Hedjaz and N ejd                5           5                                  -'          _.1
 India,n                         4           4
 Iraqi                       249          248            1                      ~i            1
 Irani                       175          172                        3           1,,          1
 Koweit                        12          12                                                            --    ,
 Pa,lestinian              1,140          765         B413          30        107;                                     1
 Syrian & Lebanese           192          83           93           16         01 I                                    4
 Turkish                     200         192             6           2         21l           11                      10
 Yemenite                    689         689                                   -1
AFRICA:
 Egyptian                    148           ;)4           2          D2                        1            1          lO
 Moorish                         7           7
 Sudanese                      25          18                        7           1;
 Union of S. Africa
                                                                                             ~I
                               11          10                        1           2
 Others                         1                                    1                 i
                                                                                                         -,,
AMERICA:
 Argentinian
                                                                                  ~i
                               05          28
 Brazilian                     12            6
                                                                     7
                                                                     G                        1.
                                                                                                         --;1
 Canadian                     18           15                        3         10 i          10
 U.S.A.                      283
                               201 2:~;
                                                         7          25        244           224          13            7
 JHexica,n                                                                                                             1
                                                                                  4:          R
 Othel'R                                                 B           2                        2
                                                                                 "1                        2:

                                 81          7                       1                       --I
UNDEFINKD
                     . . .1.GS~I___    l.652
                                                       42
                                                                                5H     I.    29    I                   4



                                                  -   50-
TABLE VI -      (a) Countries of previous abode of immigrants arriving.

                (b) Countries of destination of residents departing perman-
                    ently.


  These tables shew (a) the countries of previous residence of immigrants
arriving as such and (b) the countrieR of destination of emigrants.




                                -   51-
                                                      r)'ABI.iB~       VI.
                    ((/.) COUNTRY Ol1l?mwIOuH ABODE OF hBlIGHANTS AlrHlVING.



   Country of usual
       residence         I
                          I
                                 Total

                              Males       I Females
                                                       1


                                                       [ Males
                                                                 Jews
                                                                            _'_1I         Arabs
                                                                                                --1-------
                                                                       I Fem~leSI_~~!~_~_J Fell~:~S
                                                                                                             Others

                                                                                                       I Fema~
                                                                                                        __ Malcs

----_.-    ~~T~~-C".800 I ~~.687i-13~~7~114.8"8                                           180   I m'\J8--~375
EUROPE:
   Austria                       2601          259              ~60           259
  Belgium                        1211           92              119            91     1
                                                                                                                   2          1
   Bulgaria                       78'            85              77            84                                  1          1
   Ozechoslovakia                310           310              307           SOB                                  8          ,1
   Danzig'                        20            30               20             80
   Denmark                            9         12                 9            10                 --I

   Esthonia                           7           7                7             7
   Finland                            8           1                3             1
   France                        316           ~40               285           208          2       G          2D           26
   Germany                     3,865          3,873            8,844         3,824                             21           49
   Great Britain                 415            181               76            89                  I,       HB9            91
   Greece                        195            171              188   1
                                                                               164
                                                                                                               ___
                                                                                                                   71   I
                                                                                                                             7
   Hungary                        65             68               65            B7                                           1
   Italy                         164             99              104            B5                             no           Hi!
   Latvia                        204            242              204           242
   Lithuania                     322            415              322           H5
   Netherlands                   166            152              164           152
   Norway                          1                               1
  Poland                       4,859          6,506            4,857         6,504 !                1              2·
   Portugal                        5                               5             4
   Rumania                       609             '*
                                               757              608           752                                            -[
   Russia                        290           301              290           BOO                                            1
   Spain                          18            23                 3            5          12      17              HI        1
   Sweden                          2              3                2            2                                            1
  '3wizerland                     77             77              67             76                             10            1
 . Yugoslavia,                    61             53 '            56             152                                          1
ASIA:
 Afghanistan                      46             40    I         '16            ·10 I
 Ohina                            19             14 I            19             14
 Hedjaz & Nejc1                       2           4                2             3                  1
 India                                6           1                6             1
 Iraq                            126           149              126           145                   1:
 Iran                             RI            74               80             74                                 1. '
 Koweit                            8              4                8             4
 Syria & Lebanon                 115           200               51             50         56     184                       LG
 Turkey                           91           128 i             90           122           1       2'                       1
 Yemen & Aden                    374           379 i            374           379                  -'
                                                   I
 Trans-Jordan                         1           1    !


AFRICA:
 Egypt                           121:          260               57             59         11     LUl
 Morocco                              2           5.               21            5
 Sudan                                8          10 I              7            10        -I                       1:
 Tripoli                          23             14               28            14
 'l'unis                              2                            2
 Union of S. Africa               17              7!             13              7                                 4
 Others                               1           4                              2          1       2              fl
AMERIOA:
 Argentine                        30;           23                23            17                                 li        .J
 Brazil                           10            13                 G             9                                 21        4
 Oanada                               9i        13                6             11                                 3         2
  D.S.A.                         189!          151              171           139           2       H         16             9
  Others                          fiO'          80               12             11        B9                       8         A
                                                                                                  61'
AUSTRALIA:                            71          g:                 I
                                          I
                                                                   5:            9                                 2
OTHER PARTS OF
THE BRITISH.
EMPIRE                                                             2:                                                       lii
                                                                       I

                                                           -    52-
             (b) COUNTRY OF DES'L'INA'fION OF RESmgN'l'S DEPAItTING PERMANENTLY,


      Country of                   Total              !        Jews            Arabs,              Others
      clestination
                          I   Males        I' Females I Males 1Females I Males IFemalesi Males ) Females
                     .---r---·-·   .-~-   .. -----. -- - ,-- ------,--' --._.----- '---------.-1----- --"---"'--'

             TOTAL·             654             5241          379     394     111    i    36       164        94


EUROPE:
 Austria
 Belgium
                                      S           7             (:i     7       -i                   2,
                                      1                         1
 Bulgaria                             1           1             1
 Czechoslovakia                     12            8            11       8                            1i
 Esthonht                            1                          1
 France                             23            8             9       2                           14         6
 Germany                            25           35            15      17        1         1         9        17
 Great Britain                     57            40             9      10                           48        30
 Greece                             15           18             8      11                            7         7
 Hungary                              9           6             7       5                            2;        1
 Italy                             ,10            5             5                                   H5         i'j
  ]~atvia                            6                          6       5
 Lithuania                           9           11             9      11
 N etherlancit;                      2            2             I,      2                            1
 Poland                             A8          102            88'    101
 Rumania                           16            25            16      24
 Russia                            12            12            12      12
 Spain                                2                                                              2
 Sweden                               3           1             3       1
 Switzerland                                      3             3       2                            3:
 Yugoslavia                                       2'            2       2


AB·IA:
 Iran                                 1                         1
 Syrian & Lebanon                  51                           1               43        101                 11
 Turkey                             11                                                                         -J.


AFRICA:
 Bg,ypt                             191           9'            2                          1i       16
 Sudan                                                                                         I
                                      ~I
                                                                                                     1
 Union of S. Africa                               5i            2       ;;
 Others                                           1


AMERICA:
 Argentine                            1           1             1,
 Brazil                            19!           24            121               7                  -!

 Canada                               41          8             ill
  U. 8. A.                      1571            136 I         127!             27
  Mexico                              6                         31               1 I!                2
  Others                           39:           16             H              »1 ;       12         2:


AlJS'l'RAIJIA :                       1           1             1


OTHER PAHTS OF
THE BRITISH
EMPIRE:

UNDEFINED:                            1           1                    1




                                                          -   53--
'r ABI..!"ill   VII -   (a) Registered immigrants classified by 'racial or 'nat.ional'
                            declaration and previous occupations.

                        (b) Emigrants classified by 'racial' or 'national declaration
                            and previous occupations.


  These tables classify (a) immigrants registered (i.e. persons arriving as im-
migrants and travellers subsequently registered as immigrants) according to
the declarations of occupation at the time of arrival in Palestine; and (b) emi-
grants according to their habitual occupation declared at the time of departure
from Palestine.




                                         -   54-
                                      'CABLE         \in.,
                  (a) OCCUPATION OF PERRONS J(,·;mSTmmu :\8 JMMIGHAN'l'S.

                                                                                              Arab"             IOthers
           Oee.upation



'l'O'l'AL J?BRSONS
 . OCCUPATIONS                                                                                218    1   ,1571 754                515
                                                                                                     I


'rO'l'AIJ PERSONS IN SPECI-                                                 I                        I


   :FIIW 0 CCUP Ar~IONS              0.106         2,0821          8,fl82 i     2.7fi7         7·1   !    2·1   i (HiO            201


AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY
 & FISHING                           2,121         1,0011          2,117        1,001           2i                      2
MINES AND QUARRIES                       2            ---!              1                        1i

MANUFACTURING INDU'3--
 rrRIES:
   Textiles                            49              7              49               7
   Leather works                                                                                                1
                                       '17                            47               1

                                                          ~I
                                                                                                                i
   Illood works                       320                            BIG                        1         ----I         3
   Metal works                         476                           ,169              1        2                       5
   Cemmics                              10                H           10               B
   ChemiCltl products                    3                1            3                                  ----I
   Foo:l products                      154            8              U.8            'N
                                                                                     .          1                       ;)
   Dress and toilet                    267          R8J.             263          HRl I         fl                      1           3
   Bunding                             224            4              224                I!
   Industries relating
      to literature and
      artistic trades                  113 i              ill        III :             ii:      21

'l'HANSPORT                             76                            72                        1                       H
COMMERCE                             1,584            28i          1,55H.           28         lA                     10      I
                                                               I

OTHER TRADES                            67                H'          (17              :-.1

CIJERICAL SERVICE                      323           12(j            265!         121          10                                   -I
                                                                                                            11        ·10
PUBT.JIC OFFICIALS,
                                               I
  POLICE AND ARMY                      8901               n             n                                           :-H'Li          .n
                                                                                                2          ;l :


PHOF]JjSSlONS AND
 IJIBERAIJ ARTS:
   Religion                            432iI         121
   IJl1w
                                                                     281                       18 '         7 I IHH, ILl
                                        871               2           RIi              2        1I                      I
   Medicine:
       Physicians, surgeons             f:i4;         21               59 1          l!)                                            2
       Dentists                                                                                 1                        I    !
                                        56            12               55   i       12          1,
       Medical attendants               591           46                          '1\6
    IJjducatiol1                                                       57,                      1                      t           10
                                       107,           80               89          !i7          (j                    12'          13
    Architects, engineers              Ha'             :1
    Arts                                                             11-34 !           4        I                       8'
                                        67            18               66            18                                 1i
   Other liberal professioni'l          ;')0          25               40           ~H                                   I

DOMESTIC SEBVICE                        ;')2 i       294               [2         \Jej ,·1      2           7           :-;        lH
IN'':)·UFll'ICIENTLY DES-
  CRIBED OCCUPATIONS                   822i          277             HI7,         271           1.          1           cl          2
S'rUDEN'l'S (16 yeul'S
  and over)     .
                                       841           501             D27,         492                       ;'5 '     10
                                                                                                '1                            i
PERSONS OF NO OCCUP A-
 ~~ION OR OF UNKNOWN
 OCCUPA'I'ION, MINORS &
 DEPENDANTS
                                     fi,800: 13,775                5,560: IH,028              H4! MW                              314


                                         -- 55       -~
                    (b) OCUUJWrlON OF }{,ESmBN'J'S DBl'AHTINc:PElnL\NEN'l'LY.


                                           Tot a 1                            Jews                          Arabs                  Others
            Occupation

~-~--.-.-.---------------~- ..
                                        Males
                                    ---+--
                                                      \       Femal~s    I Males
                                                                         I
                                                                                        I   II'emules   ~r!tles.1
                                                                                                            --r        .Fe]- Males
                                                                                                                      ll1a es
                                                                                                                       ---------1--
                                                                                                                                          I males
                                                                                                                                          I Fe-
                                                                                                                  I
'['OTXL PERSONS          IN      ATJL                                    I
   OCCUl? ATIONS                           U54                    1324 \      379                394        111\         36        164         94
                                                                                                                  I
TO'rAI.J PERSONS IN SPECI-                                               I                                        !
 FlED oeoup NrIONS                         :105                    79 I  I
                                                                              210                 40         Gsl             5     132 i
                                                                                                                  !
                                                                                                                  ,
                                                                                                                  !
AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY                                                                                             i
 & FISHING                                  13                       1         11                   1         2                     -i
MINEG AND QUARRIES

MANUF ACTURING INDUS-
 'rRlES:
   Textiles                                                                        8
   I.Jeather works
   Wood works                                   6                                  6
   Metal works                              13                                 12                                                     1
   Oeramics
   Ohemical products                                                 1                              1
   Foo:} products                               G                                                                                     1
   Dress and toilet                          8                       2             (j               2                                 2
   Building                                 11                                 10                             1
   Industries relating
      to literature and
                                                 [j
      artistic trades

                                                 3                                 2                                                  1        .!.-
'rRANSPOR'l'
                                                70                                 H                         27                       2
COMMERCE
OTHER TRADES
                                                                                                               3
CLERIOAL SERVICE                                                        8\         11

PUBLIC OFFICIALS,
                                                                    -I!
                                                          I

 POLICE AND ARMY                                40 I
                                                          1




PHOFESSIONS AND
 LIBERAL ARTS:
                                                56                                                             7             2       45        23
   Religion
   Law                                           3                                  3
   Medicine:
     Physicians, surgeons                        2                                  2
                                                 1                                                                                    1
     Dentists
     Medical attendants                          1                      3           1                   1                                           2
                                                 5                      2           2                   2
   Education
   Architects, engineers                         3                                  2                                                 1
                                                 3                                  2                                                 1
   Arts                                                                                                                                             1
   Other liberal professions                     3                      1           8


 DOMESTIO SERVICE                                3                  14!                                 G    -,                                     8

 INHUFFICIENTLY DES-
   CRIBED OCCUPATIONS                                                                                   8                                71
                                                                                                                                           1




 STUDENTS (16 years
  and over)                                                         14,                             11        2il!            Cl     171
 PBRSONS OF NO OCCUPA.-
  TION OR OF UNKNOWN
  OCCUPATION, MINORS &
   DRPJ!jNDANTS                             249                    H5!         169                i354                                          GO


                                                 -             56--
rrABLE VIII -      Birthplace, eitizenship an(l country of previous residence of
                  travellers elassifiec1 hy 'race' Or 'nationality' and registerecl
                  fLS immigrants.




  'rhis table gives information about tmvellers registered as immigrants c1ur~
ing tihe year which is similar to that given in ':L'ables IV. V and VI for immi-
grants arl'lving as such.




                                    -   57-
                                                       'l'AHL.Ei VIII.
     BIRTHPLACE, USUAL l'r,.-\UE OF RRStDENCG AND CrrlZBNSHIP uF 'l'HAVELLEHS HEGIS'l'ERGD
                                         AS IMMGRAN'rS,

                      I      Birthplace                           I    Usnal,place of I
                                                                         rosIdence              :
                                                                                                         C)'t',
                                                                                                              11zenSlIp
                                                                                                                           I'
     Country          ,-~.-.-------.---- -.-.--~---                           ..- ... --'-'--'" ._...... _-_ ......... _.-
                                                             I
                                   I                I Others I ,Tewsl                                           1 Jews I   A~~~b~-rO~hers
                      :   JeWB.        Arabs

---Toi;AL---~~~--169-r-·--~981---1-;1-~·-- ·-~~91- ·~-~~r;,~·~ ~ ~. '---;~;'I~'~
                                                                                   Arabs.   ,I


                                                                                                  .
                                                                                                 Others



EUROPE:                                                           ' j '
 Austria                     46                          18 ·    HO--                                 18            (iD
                                                                                                                               ---I      12
 Belcrillm                    1                                  11  --I                                              ·1       .-
 Bu1gana
     0     '16                                                   14
                                                              , ' -                         I                        LP
                                                                                                                      u
 Czechoslovakia,             HI                              2:  29- :                                    a         '27
 Danzig                       2                              2i  It! - I                                  2                               2
 Denmark                           I                     -     !   1
 Esthonia                     5                          -I                   6                                       7
 Finland                      2                          -I
 France                      12                          23 •             51            1             13                                 21
 Germany                    486                          20              512                          15                                 21
 Gt, Britain                 28                          92               58                          97            72                  123
 Greece                      51                           1               87                              .4,       51                    7
 Hungary                     32                                           i37                                       40
 Italy                       14                          24               42                          14            29                  25
 Latvia                      58                                           61                                        U1
 Lithuania                   55                                           48                                        5G
 N ethel'lftnds               9                              1            12                                          9                   1
 Poland                     380                              5           285                              2                               2
 Rumania                     97                              2            84                              5                               3
 Russia                      77                          10                   8                           1
 Spain                                                    2                   6                                       ;5
 Sweden
 Switzerland                  2                                            9                                                             B
 Yugoslavia                  15                                           14                                        16
ASIA:
 Afghanistan
 China
                             13                                           16
                                                                              7
 Hedjaz & Nejal                                II                                      8
 India                        1                              8                1                        8                                 2
 Iran                        60i                             2            59                                        (j.!                 5
 Iraq                        76 :              3             1            74           3                            7G          B
 Palestine                   27!               7             :3
 Syria &                           I
   Lebanon                   34 i         120                6                       115                            34       113        15
 Tl'ans-J ordu,l1                              2                                       1                                       4
 rrurkey                     90
                                                                                                                    7~ I
                                               3         35                            2              14                       1
 Yemen & Aden,                    21                      1
AFRICA:
 Abyssinia                                                   1
 Egypt                       rn,           10            22                62         12                            22
 Morocco                      21I                                                                                                       20
                                                                              1                                       1
 Sudan                        11                             8                3       -I
 Tripoli                                                                                                              3         1   1
                             15 !                                          15                                        H
 Tunis                                                       1
 D, of S, Africa,                                                                                                               1
                                               1             2            20                                        12
 Others          !
                                                                           2                           1
AMERICA:
 Argentine                    3'                                              (j
                                                                                                                     9
 Canada                       II                             2                6!      - ,I            2
  D.H.A.                     21                1             2            47:          1
  Mexico                      5
                                                                                                      7             42         2         i5
                                               4                              9        4i
  Others                      7                                                                                      6
                                               9                           13         13    I         -i            10
AUSTHALIA:                    1                                               2       -I                             '2
O'rHER PAHr[,S i
OF THE BRI-      I1


'l'ISH EMPIRE                                  61            5    i
                                                                                      14
~ND~~I~~D:       L___                      -I
                                       __ . __.__.__._._1
                                                         -I
                                                                                                      5
                                                                                                                              16
                                                                                                                                         1
                                                                                                                                         7,

                                                             -        i"i8-
'l'ABL l~ IX -    Uountries of usual residence of temporary visitors.


  'fhiR table Rbews the conntl'iefJ whence temporary visitors classified by 'ra-
dal' or 'natiol1I11' c1eclamtion come to Palestine for the several 'non-immig-
rant' purposes, e.g. holiday, business ete .. Wl1ich are Bet oni; in Table 11 (b).




                                    -   59-
                                                                     TABLE IX.
                                   COUNTRIES OF USUAL RESIDENCE OF TEMPORARY VISITORS DURING                          1936.


                                             l' 0 tal _____          I___~~__! e w s ______                                    A. r a b s O t her s
      Country of usual residence
                                   Persons   Males!        Females   I
                                              --~r------I ~-----, ----~T
                                                                           I
                                                                         Persons     ! Fe~~~~
                                                                                   Males
                                                                                                -
                                                                                                            ____   pers~~- Males
                                                                                                                           i
                                                                                                                                        J_   Females   Persons    Males             Females



        rJ'OT'AL                   49,505    33,646 . 15,859 I 14,137 :            H,306    I   5,831            16.745    I 13,867           2,H78    18,623     11,473             7,150
                                                                                            I
    g{TROPE:                                                                                I
                                                                                            I
                                                                            636      ~73    I       263                                                   169       1H                  55
     Austria                          805      487            iHS
                                                               76            96       60             86                                                   105         65                40
     Belgium                         201       125
                                                              180           111       60             51                                                   194         65               129
     Bulgaria                        305       125
                                                              218           385      218            167                1            1                     162        111                51
     Czechoslovakia                  ;548      330                                                                                                           7            5,              2
                                                               24            46       24             22
     Danzig                            53       2D
                                                                             15       11              ,1                                                   57 i       88 i               19
     Denmark                           72       49             23 !
                                                                             21        8             13                                                     5          -1;                1
     Esthonia                          26       12             14
6                                                                                                                                                          10             5               5
     Finland                           16         8             8             6        3              "
                                                                                                      '.}

                                                                                                                                                                     527               455
                                                             559            258      154          104        i         2            2                     982
     France                         1,242      683
                                                           2,541          4,151.   2,055        2,096                                                   1,173 '      728               ·145
     Germany                        5,324    2,783
                                                           1,923            562      316          246                  5            5                   3,809      2,132              1,677
     Gt. Britail1                   4,376    2,453
                                                                             82       52           30                                                     449        187                262
     Greece                           531      239     I     292
                                                             155            266      150            116                                                   120         81                 39
     Hungary                          386      231                   I

                                               302           126             82       47             35                1            1                     345        254                 91
    Ital·y                            428
                                               116           105           2H        110            104                                                     7             6               1
    Lat;"ia                           221
                                      175       80            95            167       76             91                                                      li           4               4
    Lithuania
    Netherlands                       283      165           118            170       99             71                                                   113         66       i         47
                                       60       35            25              3         3                                                                  57                            25
    NOl'way                                                                                                                                                           32       I'

    Poland                          1,597      971           626          1,426      tl55           571                                                   171        116                 55
    Portugal                            4         cl                                                                                                         4            4 '
    I{unmnia                         H47       ii51          296            654      HO             214                                                   193        111       !         R2
                                      12          6            G             12        6              6
    Russia
    Spain                             99         ><>
                                                (lu           36             20       13              7                                                     79        50      I         2H
    Sweden                            72        45            27             17       10              7                                                     55        35 I'
                                                                                                                                                                                        20
    Switzerland                      498       271           227            188       97             91                                                   310        174               136
                                                                                                                                                                                        12
                                                                                                                                ____ ._~i___                                  I
    Yugoslavia                       16H       114            49             99       62             37
                                                                                                                                                           64         52
                                                                        TABLE IX (Col1tcl.).
                                                                                                                                    "
                                                            Total                                   Jew s
                                                                                                             -----_.         ________~------
                                                                                                                                                Arabs            I
                                                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                                                             Others
         Country of usual         re~idtlnctl
                                                                      Females        Persons        Males       Females          Persons    I    Males   Femal~;-r-~~~~~s     Males   Females

      ASIA:
        Afghanistau                                 ;'3(>      28          ,c;           12             4               R               1            I                  23       23
        China                                     102          54         48              3    !        1               2                                              99        53       46
        Hedjaz and N ejd                          137         123         14               1            1                          128             114      14          8         8
        India                                     830         527       il03              26           20               (1                                            804      507      297
        Iraq                                      724         527       197             -120          301          119             159             130      29        1-15       96       49
        Japan                                      4.5         41          4              1             1                                                               44       40        4
        Iran                                       1B5        126         39             5B            39           17                7              5       2         102       82       20
        Syria & Lebanon                         21,039      16,686    4,353           1,848         1,398          450           16,089         13,344   2,745       3,102    1,944    1,11)R
        'rrans-J ordan                             13H         106       30                                                         123             96      27         13        10        3
        Turkev                                     310         232        78             98            6B              :12           10             10                202      156        46
        Yerne~ & Aden                               lH         12          1             12            11                I                                               1        1
      AFRICA:
C?-     Abyssinia                                    H         29         12              1             1                                                               40       28      12
l-'
        Egypt                                    -1,206      2,997     1.209            856           557          299             109              81      28       3,241    2,359     R82
        ]V[orocco                                   29          21         8     !       15            10               5               3            3                            8
                                                                                                                                                                       11                  3
        Sudan                                       59         49         10              6             {)                           10              7       3         43        36        7
        Tripoli                                        3         3                         2            2                               1            1
        'Tunis                                      29         23          6               4            4                               2            1       1         23        18        5
        Union of S.      Afri~a                    289        169        120            192           100              92               3            2       1         94       67       27
        Others                                      23          14,        !)                           3               3               7            3       4         10         8       2
      AMEIUCA:
                                                                                           B   I.
       Argentine                                     38         29          ()           20            17               il            1              1                 17       11         G
       Brazil                                        14          9         5              9             6               ;3            2              1       1          3        2         1
        Canada                                     138          68        70             -11           17           24               11              6       5          86      45       41
        U.S.A.                                   1,977       1,059       918            724           376          348               31             24       7       1,222     659      563
        Mexico                                       12          8         4               6            5               1                                               6         3        3
        OtherB                                       6R         45        23             29            19              10            24             15       9         15       11         4
      AUSTRALIA:
      OTHER PAR'l'S OF 'rEE
                                                   179         100        79             34    I       20              14    I          6   i        5       1        139       75       64

       BRITISH EMPIRli}.
      ---._---   -   ---- -
                                                   519         284       235     I       28 i
                                                                                         !
                                                                                                       19
                                                                         ____.________._________ 1____ -
                                                                                                                        9!
                                                                                                                  ________ -'-_ _ _ _ __
                                                                                                                                        9   I        8       1        482      257      225
'l'ABIJE X -      Age, sex   [1.]1([   conjugal condition of immigrants and emigrantI'!.


  ~rhis   table gives (a) the c1istribution of alll'egistered immigrants classiftei.l
by 'racial' or 'national' declaration by Age, and conjugal condition (b) the
similar distribution for ftll emigrants: and (c) the Rimilar distribution for those
emigrants whose birthpln.eeis PnJestine.




                                             -   fi2-
      Ca)    AGE, SEX AND CONJUClAli UONDl'l'lON 01" 'l'O'I'Ali .PmtHONH H1WIHTBltl!:D A!:l hlMlGHANTS.




 Race        ~g'e           .                       n: M a 1 s D i . "~                                 1-----T--.(h;~·~~.~~~-a~c.~Di.--------.
            Groups              personal       m~'riedl Mal'l'led              Ivorcedl WIdowed         I Persons I      lIlarried          I Mal'l'wd IvOl'ced I Widowed

---ITOT:I-I~'~·~';~~ - ~,I08··· -;;- ;65                                                                    15,;85T~:H73 r-~:r,~8                        140 1,227    i

 .r                                                                                                            6741           nui
        I     0-4
              5-9
            10-14
                                =1 HH
                                   8151
                                 1,090
                                                   674
                                                   815
                                                 1,091)
                                                                                                              AB1
                                                                                                            1,009
                                                                                                                             Hill I
                                                                                                                           1,00() I
                                                                                                                                                           _!
                                                                                                                                                           -:
                                                                                                                                                           -'
            15·19                1,627           1,610                 17                                   1,626          1,485,                 III
            20·2'1               2,325           1,717                600           8                       2,704          1,3GB               1,'117      10
 E          25-29                1,765             845                910           8              2        2,4t18           H32               l,5H2       2H                 i)
            80·34                1,200             878                812          12              :3       1,387            358                 HflB      22               14
            85·39                  811             142                656           9           ,1            873            110                 712       22               2f)
            40·44                  655               55               586          11           8             B85             51                 57(j      17              41
            ,15·49                 476               33               435           8           5             6,10            B3                 .181      22             104
 w          50·54                  560               16 I             517           6          21             839              7                 597       16             211)
            55·59                  724               13               657           3          51             777                   HI           509        5             2135


 S
             60-M 1
             65·69 I
            ~~':n4d    1\
                                   548
                                   308\
                                   158
                                                      3
                                                         1
                                                        -1
                                                                      464
                                                                      302
                                                                          99
                                                                               1   Jt:
                                                                                    6

                                                                                       1
                                                                                               75
                                                                                               90
                                                                                               58
                                                                                                              545
                                                                                                               335
                                                                                                               147
                                                                                                                                   121
                                                                                                                                    'll
                                                                                                                                    3   I
                                                                                                                                                 H07
                                                                                                                                                 161
                                                                                                                                                  47
                                                                                                                                                              2
                                                                                                                                                              1
                                                                                                                                                                          223
                                                                                                                                                                          161:J
                                                                                                                                                                            fl()

        , over,
. - - - - ,-_~I ___ -
                                   107 1
                                               __________.___
                                                              1           53       -
                                                                                           _
                                                                                               53
                                                                                               ______ _ _ _ -
                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                 85:
                                                                                                                       __ ._ _ _
                                                                                                                                   -!.1            1H     _:
                                                    1



        !   TOTAL                  218                190                 28                                   457            150                                           15

 A      1     0·4                    60                 60                                                       59            59                         --,
              5-9
             10·14
                                     3/!
                                     40
                                                        34
                                                        40
                                                                                                                               34                         --,
                                                                                                                32             25                   7
             15·19                   12                 12                                                     140             13                127
 R           20·24                   17                 16                 1                                    00             21                 77
             25·29                   14                 11                 3                                    28              2                 26
             30-34                   10                  7                 3                                    31              2                 29
             35-39                    9                  :3                6                                     9              1                   ()
 A           40-44                    6                  8                 3                                       7                                7
             45-49                    4                  1                 8                                     11                 2               1
             50-54                    6                  1                 5
             55-59                                                                                                                                  1
                                      1                                    1                                       1
 13          60-64                    3                                                                                                                      1
                                                              1            2                                       1
             G5-(Hl


_8__
   1        i~fn~_                     :   i
                                     --1--- --,------- - , - - - -
                                           I
                                                              I           ~I
                                                                                           I
                                                                                                                   1                                      .. --- !




            'rOTAL
                                   7541               650!                09           11,                     515            819                171                       22
 o         0·4                       31                  31i                        -I                           86                HB!
           5 - \)
          10-14
                                     23
                                     35
                                                         23!
                                                         35!
                                                                                    -I
                                                                                    -j
                                                                                                                 80                Hol                    -,      ,



 T        15-19                                                                                                  28                28
                                     40                  40                                    -        ,
          20-24
                                                                  1
                                                                                                                 41                21
                                   312                310'                 2                                                                                      I
          25·29                    111
                                                                  1                                              80                47                        l'
                                                         98,              12                       1
H         30·34                     66                   ,18'
                                                                                                               100                 63                                        1
                                                                          18                                     63                32
          35-39                      41                  28,              18                                                                                                 1
          40·44                      34                  151                                                     48                22\
                                                                          18

                                                                                                                 H 1~
 E        45-49                      22                       8:
        , 50-54
          55-59
                                     12
                                      9
                                                              5
                                                              4i
                                                                          13
                                                                           6           11          i                                    I
                                                                                                                                                                             ;j

                                                                                                                                                                             2
R         60·6,!                                                           5        -I                           13                 3                                        ..{
                                     10                       7                     - I
                                           1


          65-69                                                            3                                      8                 4,  1


                                                                                                                                                                             H
                                        51                    1:
                                                                           ; =1                                                                                              a
.:.1 :~:~d
        , 70·H                          31                    2                                    I               :                ;
                                                                                                                                                                             2

                    -_c ___ ._._. ______ ..L.__ .. _.. __ _
                                                                          - --=~! ---..-'-.                                    -=l_____ .-_I__ -;_
                                                                                                            -------L-.- .. _._..


                                                                                   -       63-
                                           M ale s                                                            Females
      Age
Hace Groups
                 P"l'ROnS
                                Un·
                             lllltrriod
                                            ~~--:-1' ./...
                                               lv~al'rle(
                                                                   m:--/    W:d-·······-d--P-··---·--I-- Un·
                                                                   vo r.e d . lOW e. .. er.s.oTIS
                                                                    . . "8       ..                     marnec1 Marn.ed . vmce d W Idowed
                                                                                                            .
                                                                                                               /    .           I Di'--I'
                                                                                                                                  -.'~"-


     TO'l'AL         H7H          1H2               '1~~)--"="---"~7"I--"Hn:"~-15:"-~~~r'---:- -.~~-
                                                                                                                                    I
,T     o·'1           25            25                                                            87          H7       -I
      5. 9            (l0           HO                                                            26          2(3                   1


     10·14            21            21                                                            21          21
     15·19            2-1           24                                                            27          20           G                     1
     20·24            iiG           41                15              -I                          iH          29       28               2
E    25·29            ii1           28                23                     1
                                                                                                  84              8    26
     80·84                          15                20                                          31              8    22                        1
      85·89           82             ,1               28                                          27              4    28
      40·44           Hj                              IG                                          15              1    14
      45·49           14              1               13                                          H'              2    10               1        1
w     50·54           10              1                8                              1           18              2    10               1
      55·59           13                              12                              1           18              1        G                    11
      GO· M           18              1.              12                              5           28                   IS                       15
     65·69            18              1.                  7                           5           19                       (l           1       12
     70·74            Hi                              14                              2           18                       H                    10
s    75 and
     over                           -I                    2                                         7


     1\),1'A1,       III            72                H8                              1                       20       11                        !i

A      o·  ·1           2             2                                                             H             3
       {j .9            7            7                                                              l             4
     10·14             15           15                                                              2             2
     15·19            23            23                                              -·1             7             7
R    20·24            16            14                 2                                            5             1
     25·29            10              5                5                                            l'            1
     30·84            16              2               14                                            5             1        3
     35·39             7              1                6                                            1                      1
A    '10·44             (j            1                                                             1                      1
     '15·49             3                                 3                                         2                      1
     50·54              8             2                   1
     55·59              2                                 2                                         1                                            1
B    60·64                                                                                          3             1                              2
     65·69                                                                                          1                      1
                                                                             I
     70·7'1                                                          -j
s
                                                      .-; -I
                                                                             ,
     75 anc1
      over              1
                                                  -~--.                      _._.- . -.-~...- ...- - - . -... ~    -+.-~   --j---       -.~

     TO'l'AL                      182                 30       I         1:                                                                      2
                                                               ,


o      0-4              2                              -I      1
                                                                                                   6                                    -I
                                                                                                                                            1



       5. 9             Cl                            -,                                           2                                    -I
      10-1,1                                          -I             -,      ,
                                                                                                   5              5
                                                                                                                       --,
      15·19           21                              -I                                           2              2'            1




      20·24           !1O                                 l'                         1            14          11
      25·29           85                                  4                                       10           Cl
H     30·34           18                                  8                                       18           D
      35·39             9                                 8          -I                           tol             ;)

      40·44             (j                                (3                                       8              4
      -15·49            9                                 5                                        8              5
      50·54             6                                 8                                        -1             2                             1
      55-59             3                  ,              2              1                         2              1
      60·64             1             11                                                           2              2
      65·69             1                                 1                                        H              1
      70·74
s     75 anc1                                         c
      over


                                                                     -           64-
                (0) AGE, SEX AND CONJUGAL CONDITION of .PAIJW::i'l'INIAN BOItN Ih~SlDENTS.
                                       DEPAR'l'lNG l)m~MANgN'l'LY.


                                    M ale s                                                  }i'om!tlos

                                                                                      I. m~~;icd                    IVl~:'~~~! ~~o~e-~_
Race
                                                                                                   ,I   Ml1l'ried

                                                                                           2H               12'

           0·4          7       7                                               l·l        It!
.J         5·9          '.le    4                                                B           H
         10·14          2       2                                                ·1
         15·19                                                                   2
E        20·24          3       2          1    !                                7
         25·29          7       6          1                                     .I
         30·34          3       1          2                                     2                            2
         35·89          I)                 5    I                                B                            B
         40·44          2                  2                                     2                            2
         45·49          B                  3                                     1    !                       1
         50·54                                                                   1                            1
         55·59
S        60·(34         1                  1
         65·69          1                  1
         70·74
       , 7511ud
         OWl:




                                                                                                            10

         0·4
A         5·9
        10·14
        15·19
.H      20·24           5       B          2                                     cl                           1
        25·29           8       3         5
        80·34          16       2        14                                      i)          1                H
A       35·39           7       1          6                                     1
      : 40·44           [)                 5                                     1
        45·49           3                  3
B       50·54           2       1          1
        55·59           2                       ,
                                           2                                     1
        60·64                                                                    1
S    !  65·69
        70·74
        75 and
         over                                                   1
                   !
                 . I                   ...._.... L       , ..       - ..   _.
                                                                    I

        TOTAL          7        7                                                ,1   I     B
o         0·4          1        1                                                2    :
                                                                                             2

         1~"1~ I
                       1        1
T                      1        1                                                1         , 1
        15·19           1       1
        20·24           3       B
H       25·29
        30·34
        35·39                                                                    1                            I
        40·44
        45·49                                        -   :
        50-54
         55~59
         60·64
         65-69
         70·74
         75 and
         over                                                                                                       i


                                                                                                                    J
'.l'ABLH Xl -    AllalysiH   or   passenger trHffic ill tmrmit.


  In a t.echnimtl Hellse a person is in transit in Palestine when he holds a visa
[or entry which is valid for 72 hours' so:iourn in "the country only; anc1 this
table shews the distribution of such persons among countries from ",hieh
proceeding l1nc1 countrieR of destination.




                                        ~"-   66 ..-
                                                             'PABL]] Xl.
                           ANALYSIS 01!' "PASSmNGmH                '11 HAFFIC        IN 'rHANKJ'J: llUJUNG         1030.
                                                             Ca') AHRIVALS.

                                        'rotal                                   ;r 0 W S               Al'n,bs                       Others
 COl1l1~l;~C~~~~:l;VhiCh     p:l=~:1 MHl:-lll~~~s

        'rO'rAJJ:             7,HlO I
                                         ,    --r~--r

                                             U10'lI2.2il(i               ·lfl7     2H7

illUROPE:
   Austria                       Hi              71          f)                       il,      l,                                    !)
   Belgium                                                                                I
                                   :3             fl         2
   Bulgaria                        1i             1                                                          --,                     1
   Czecho-
     slovakia                    77'            ,[5'        32                                                                  72          12           80
   Danzig                         4               B          1                        1                                              i.l:1     2
   Denmark                       11               (i         15                               _I                               11   ()  5
   Esthonia                        2                         2                                                                  21      2
   France                         79            HH      1   '10             3         2        1       -J                      72  BS  89
   Germany                      ~39           2'17 i 212                  47        23        24                              HD2 2(H 188
   Gt. Britain                    12              7!         5              2        2                                         10   5   [)
   Greece                         11              n          2              1        1                                         10   8   2
   Hungary                        ID!             5          5              2        2                                          8   B   ii
   Italy                          84,           137         27             la        H                 I       I!
                                                                                                                   1




                                                                                                                               B7  45  22
   :Latvia                         1                         1                                                                  1       1
   N etherlancb                    I             1                                                           --_I                 1            1
   Norway                         34            14          20                                                                  il4          J ,1        20
    Poland                        73            37          36              7,                 3                                BQ          B8      I    88
   Humanill                       85            21          14             131                 1.            --I                22          12           10
   Spain                           4:             fI         1                                                                       <1        B           1
   Sweden                          8i             7           1                                                                      8        7            1
   Switzerland                    BIJ'          J8          86               B                                                  7H          "l5          ilH
   Yugoslavia                       I)           2           fI                                                                      5         2           B
ASIA:
  AJghanistall                      1'                                                                         1i
  Hedjaz and
    Nejd                          42            ;j,l          H'                                      HO     22    i     H                  12
  India                           17,           11            si                                             ~-'I                           11            U
  Iraq                           1S3           134           2H:           15        12        i:l   10J;    H!)        15                  ilS          11
  Iran                                          30           231            2         1        1      ~I                        ;j   1      2n           22
  Syria ~1nc1
    Lebanoll                   2.H48                        H1S1 1Hnl                                       t!5G   i   27(l l.ii7fi        DHO
  rrrans_
     .Tordan                        2            2                                                                                   2
  'I'urkey                        28            22                                    2                       (j                20                         (i

AFRICA:
 Bgypt
                                                                                                            D~~I
                               2.7H()        2.057: 729 I 156                       112       H i1,14~1                                                 -Hl2
                                         I
                                                                                                                       HlH    ,.Jt!J       Ilfl2
 Morocco                            2                         21                                                                     2                     2
 Sudan                              2              2                                                          l'
                                                                                                                   !
                                                                                                        1                            1
 Others                           ,[2            ;-13         l-l.                                    il7    2HI         Hi          il        I
AMERIOA:
 Argentine                         7              7                                                    7       71I
 Brazil                           14             12            2                                      12     10 I         2i   2             2
 U. S. A.                        134             75          tiH           18         8       10
                                                              .,                                      11       (j,        ;) 105            01           -lit
 Others                            7               -b         .,                                       7       -ll        H
AUSTRAI.JlA :                       .,
                                    "
OTHER PARTS
of the BRITISH
EMPIRE                            18             12                                                    7       5          2          ~l        5



                                                                     -      67-
                           ANAJ~YSIS OF PASSENUER rrRAFFIC IN TRANSIT DURING                                               1936.

                                                         (b) DEPARTURES.


                                         To tal                                 Jews                             Arabs                         Others
        Country to which
           procee(ling
                             Persons     I Males IFemlLles              Per· I
                                                                        sons
                                                                                 Mal:-I·~
                                                                                    'males
                                                                                                         Per· !Males
                                                                                                         SOllS
                                                                                                                           Imales
                                                                                                                             Fe.            per.! Males Fe·
                                                                                                                                            sons        males
                                                                                                                                                              I
...._     ............. --..-........ --.---...... - ,-----,·-·----j----t----j--i----i--1----f---,c....·---i----


            TOTAL            6,90'1        '1,716      2,188            ,155     303        1522,3691,869                      5004,0802,5441,536
EUROPE:
 Austria                         22           12         10                                     5                                            13          8           5
 Belgium                           3            1         2                                                                                   3          1           2
 Bulgaria                          R            (j        2                                                                                   8          6           2
 Czecho-
    slovakia                     87           56         31               12        5           7                                            75        511          24
 Danzig                           3            2          1                                                                                   3         2            1
 Denmark                         20           13          7                                                                                  20        13            7
 Esthonia                          1           1                                                                                               1        1
 France                          68           39         2D                7        6           1                                            61        33          28
 Germany                        308          Hi6        142               50       29       21                                 -            258        137        121
 Great Britain                    8            ,1          -1                                                  1                    1         7          ,1         3
 Greece                          10            9           1              2         2                          1       1                      7         ,6           1
 Hungary                         12            7           5              5         4           11                                            7          3           11
 Italy                          288          157        1131,            14         8           6                                   2       266        143        123
 J.1atvia                          2           1           1              1         1                                                         1                      1
 Netherlands                       5           2           3              1         1                                                         ·1         1           3
 Norway      •                   30           12         18                                                                                  30         12          18
 Poland                          87           46         ·11              22      14            8                                            65         32          33
 Rumania                         26           17           D               6       5            1                                            20         12           8
 Russia                           2                       1                       -I                                                          2          1           1
 Spain
 Sweden
                                  2
                                 10
                                               .i6 I      1
                                                          4
                                                                                                                                              2
                                                                                                                                             10
                                                                                                                                                         1
                                                                                                                                                         6
                                                                                                                                                                     1.
                                                                                                                                                                     4
 Switzerland                     HI           H5         26                         1           3                                            57         34          23
 Yugoslavia                        3           B                                                                                               8         3

ASIA:
 China                           11           10          1                                                                                  11         10           1
 Hec1jaz & N ejd                  6            6                                                               6       6
 India                            2             1         1                                                                     -              2         1           1
 Iraq                           117          101         Hi               12       11           1          85       77              8        20        .13           7
 Iran                            44           27         17                8        5           3                               -            36         22          14
 Syria and
         J~ehanon                          1,899        G75             101        71        30 1,134              D15         219 1,3391              913         '126
    'l'rans-.T m-clan              5           -1         1                                                                                    5         1           1
    Turkey                       18             \)         I               1        1                                                         12         8           -1

.\.FRICA:
   Egypt                     2,772         1,910        862             182       123        59 1,1271 859                     268 1,463               H28         535
   Morocco                       6              [5        1                                 -              -       -            -              6         5           1
   Sudan                         1              1                                                              1       1
   'l'nnis                       1             1.                                                                                              1         1
   Others                        2             2                                    1                                                          1         1

AMERICA:
 A.l'gentine                                   2          1                2        1           1                                              1         1
 Brazil                                        2          1                                                                                    3         2           1
 U.S.A.                                      129        IB2               1-1                   5              6                    2       241        116        125
 Mexico                                        1          3                                                -I                                  4         1           3
 Othel's                                        2         2                                 -       !
                                                                                                                                               4         2           2

                                                1        -II
                                                                1

                                                                                                                                                         1

OTHEB PARrl'S                                                                           I
of the BRI'fISH                                                                         !

                                                                         __
                                                                                                     1                     I                       I




                                       _:~_2L                                                            _~_ L_-_~_I~6
:EMPIRE:                                                                                                                                                              2

                           ..... __._8                                     l _ _ _'11,_._._'_I.                                                               __

                                                                    -      68-
'l'ABLE Xll. -     Oat,egories of Jews registered as immigrants distributed by
                   countries of previous abode.


    rrhis table gives the cross-classification of all ;J ewish immigrants in the
r,;everal categories prescribed by law and their countries of past mmall'esidence.
It has some bearing on the sources of the capital introduced into Palestine.




                                     -   110 -
                                                        '.I'AHJ.J'i: XI I
            CATEGOHllM:l   (w ,Jlms HBtH::.;'['EHLW           AS hLl[WIL\N'l'~ ('I..\SSIFlIW llY ('Cll'"TlllES
                                                 OF' USUAL HESHlENCr-:

                                               A (i)                   A(11) am1 A(')
                                                                          "
                                                                                       "
                                                                                                          A (ill)      1
                                                                                                      Nldlli!(\ llrt.- t
                                         Pl1I'sons with                I)el'~onH wllh                  i~anH with ;
                                                                                                                                              C.
                                         ;£P.1 000 and                                                                                  IJllbOll1'                  Other
                                                                           no!: 1t'3f1                      t I
                                                                                 (,\,   ~t)t)           110· ('HH      .            11l1l1li~(I'llll(H         i "ategoricR
                                            npwRl'dH                   t Ilall   ,L     .,)       I. !hau ,J:1'.25lIL,                                         , A (iv)
 Country of uSlU11    Persons ---'.---'-_. --;..---_.                                                                                                                B(i)
     residence                                   Heads             Hl'ads
                                                                                                                                                                    B(U)
                               Heads of           of fa-           of fa-                                                     Heaus of
                                   ,,
                                fa~lhes
                                         Depend-
                                          ants
                                                    'I'  Dcptmtl-
                                                 mllCS M}tH nu les
                                                                      'I'                                     n"ll('llll·
                                                                                                                '1I11H
                                                                                                                               ran~l'I'leB         Dopcnd-          B(iii)
                                                                                                                                                    antA           D andK
                               or smgles            or               or                                                       01' smgles
                      _ _--:-:                   singlcs          ,singlcs
EURO~O-i-~-L--i        29,727 !'-2~70'--' 81            2.    °1'-' -5--"7r-i 70                                 ~H7             (j,BHl       !     ·l,;1U(j I" 12,00]
                                                                                                                                                               I
                                                                   1

 Austria                     5tl1           65               28    1         2                2        Hi          If)                                   H5            216
 Belgium                     221            IH               44                                                                       nu:                HI             (l3
 BulgarIa                    175            25               25 I                                                                    H·1,                IW                 flu
 Czechoslovakia              642            75               (j5 i                                       2           7              222'              lIB              15H
 Danzig                       64            18               121                                                                      111               !l              14
 Dellmu,rk                    20             1                   I                                                                      H                 !)             2
 Esthonia.                    20              211            -I                                                                         (j                1             11
 Finland                       4                             -i                                                                      1
 France                      544           100               93                                                     7              155                   71            113
 Germany                   8,180         1,551          1,<1::34             1                         GO          7H            1,7!H                iW5            2,G69
 Great Britain               223            53               27                                                      1              70                    (l            57
 Greece                      389            16               19                                          3           7              111               UI7               96
 Hungary                     169              7                4                                         B           \)               U2,              22               G2
 Italy                       211 .          26               18                                                                       IU!              lH                30
 Latvia                      5071           GO               ,15             1                           "I
                                                                                                         ,) I        ·l             l·H'               7(l             17'1
 Lithuania                   783            62               ,19                                         i3          1              202i              105              ;jGl
  Norway                        1                                                                                                       11
 N ether1ands                 328          104                56                                                                    101!I                ~1             46
 Poland                    11,596          305               417             1                5        51        112             2.U3'li            1.854           (),217
 Portugal                       9            1                 6                                                                     2
 Rumania                    1,444           42                39                                       22                           l75       1
                                                                                                                                                      28(;
 Russia                       593                                                                                                     G4              173
 '3pain                       13             3                                                                                          ii'                                  5
 Sweden                         4            2                                                                                                                               2
 Switzer1and                 152            65                51                                                                                          H             16
 Yougoslavia                 122            10                11                                                                                         HO             27
ASIA:
 Afganistan                  102             4                17
 China.                       39
                                                                                                                                      lU                 17             IH
                                            11                 7                                                                        H                 n                  7
 Hec1jaz & N ejd                5
                                                                                                                                      1                  ·1
 Iraq                        345            32                58                                                   -i                (Hi              ltW               HI
 Iran
 India.
                             2131
                               8'
                                            15
                                              1
                                                              49                         -I                        -I                 Hn                 HB
                                                                                                                                                          1
                                                                                                                                                                        27
                                                                                                                                                                             H
 Japan                         1              1
 I{oweit                      12              3                9
  Syria & Lebanon            140            12,                8                                                                     20                  23            77
 Turkey                      294            43 1              60
 Yemen and Aden              754                                                                                                     87                26             128
                                              21               6                                                                    211-1             HO              ll8
AFRICA:
                                                    !
 Egypt                       178            1S1               16                                                                                         21             83
 'l'ripoli                    52              71               1                                        1                                                10             18
 Union of S.
           Africa             40            14                 9
 Others
AMERICA:
                              34
                                     I
                                             3                10          =1     I
                                                                                                                                       5
                                                                                                                                       (l,
                                                                                                                                                                        1~
                                                                                                                                                                        III
 Argentine                    46 1            5                8
 Brazil                         si                             3
                                                                                                                                     10                                 15
 Canada                       28             4                                                                                         1                                 ·1
                                                               5
 U.S.A.                      357           141                                                                                         -1 i                             15
                                                              82                                        1            1               25
 Mexico                         9             2                                                                                                          8              n9
 Others                       ,13             il                                         -I                                                                                 2
AUSTRALIA:                    161             1               IS                         =1                                            H                 6              1]

                                                                                                                                                                            H
OTHER PAR'l'S I                     1                                                           I !                                    3                 4
                                81
of the BRITISH,
_EM_P_I_R_E_:__   ~i__- L_ _~3~1___1~~I-=~I-=~I-=~I
                                                                          -i                      I                       I
                                                                                                                              __   --L_

                                                             -70 -
'l'ABIllil XIII - ,Birthplace, place of usua,l residence and citizenship of per-
                  sons refused admission to Palestine c1n,ssified by 'race' 01'
                  'nationality' .


  This table shews the countries of origiu of persons itl'1'iving at the prescribed
places of entry into Palestine hut refused admission to the country,




                                     -71-
       HlRTHPJJAOE, USUAL 1 .rJl\CE OF Rl;Hlllimeg, CIl'IZrmSHIl' OFPrmSONS ,HEli'USlm :illNTHY.
                           1




                                                                                          Usual Place of
                                                     Birthpla('.('                                  Refli(\(llWC
                                                                                                                                                        Citizenship
            Conntry
                                      'Total IJe;;~rabs lathers 'rotal Jews                                            A;~b~TOth~:~;~~~lrJe~;1 Arab~~~hers
--.---- ·_· . __···_·_·-·--1-_..:-.. _ . ,_.-.__ ._.;-.. ._._ ......_".. .. .-..
                                  .              !
                                                                                                                         --', "'--:--""'--'-'-'-r--.
                                                                                                                                                     !
                                                                                                                                                     I


        TOTAIJ                         315 I 84                   15R '                                                 lIi!:!:       78                           158 I - 73


:8}UROP:8} :
   Austria                                l.            1                                 1                  ]                                  1          1
   Belgium                              -I                                                1                  1
   Oz echoslovakia                        l'             1                                1                  1                                  1          1
   Danzig                                                          -,                     3                  B
   France                                                          -,                                                                           9          ,1        5
   Germany                                ,1             B                1               8                  2                         1        8          2                 1
   Great Britain                          1              1.                                                                                    16          G                10
   Greece                                 1              1         -!                                                                           1          1
   Hungary                                B              2                1               2                  2                                  B          2                 1
   Italy                                   1                              1               2                  1                         1 i      2          1                 1
   Latvia                                  l'            1
   Netherlandr;                           1 I 1                                            1J                 4:                                1          1
   Poland                                25   25                                          15                 15                                21         21
   RUIDa,nia                               1             1                                 1                  1                                 '1         1
   Russia                                  ,I,           ·1        -I
                                                                     I                     1                  1                                  1         1
   Yugoslavia                              3                              B       I                                                              B                           H


ASIA:
   India,                                                 1                                13                                          1         5         -1                1
   Iraq                                                   1          1                      1 I                             1                    2         1          1 '
   Iran                                                   4                                3.                    8                               i).       1:1        2
    Palestine                                            6           1
    Syria & Lebanon                     18H             20         153    1;      i 200             11       24         154 I 22               174 I 20            143      11
    Trans.J ordan                              B                     3                I     3,                            3
                                                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                                                                 2:                   2
    Turkey                                     H          1                8                2,                   1                        1      B         1                 2
    Yemen and Aden                             7          H                1                ,1                   3                    1          1                           1


 AFRICA:
    Egypt                                 37                2             35              49             I   10                       Be        42         3
    'd'Udan                                B                1                 2                                                                  2


 AMERICA:
    Brazil                                                                                                                                       1          1
    Cana,da                                                                                                                                      1                              1
    U.S.A.                                                    1                               7                  6                         1     7          6                   1


 AUSTRALIA:                                                         -I                          1                                          1


 OTHER PARTS
 of the BRITISH
 EMPIRE.                                         jj
                                                                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                                    1


 UNDEFINED:                                                                                     1                  1                                           3       1         2




                                                                          ~       72-
rL'ABJ.JB XIV -   Countries of previous abode of persons of whose entry into
                  Palestine there is 110 record and of persons deported.


  This table she,vs the birthplace of persons of whose [Lrrival in Palestine
there is no record tl,nd who left tht' eonntl'Y during the year; and of persons
who wel'e c1eported.




                                   -   73-
                                                'L'ARLE                XIV
      COUNTRY OF PREVIOUS ABODE OF PEHSONS LBAVING WHO HAD NO'!' BEEN TIECOlmBD ON AIUtIVAT.
                                       ANTl OF Pr:nSONS DEPOTlTGD.


'"                             Pel'SOllR        JOtLving not
                                                                                                 Pp,         I' "     (j     II H         cl n I) () r t c cl
           Country of          recorded          on It l' l' i v a 1
         previous abodf\
                                                           Arabs           Others            Total                   Jews
                                             ·--··-·~-I~




           'PO TAL             1.242        2!l8             lnO              ~H,!            1.03f)                         1·H)                  ,[,J·t           HIi


     j!JUIWPE:
        Austria                   13 '       11 I                               ~                      (i                          r;                                  1
       Bulgaria                   181           I
                                             17 1                               1                   7                               1                                 3
                                                ,
        Czechoslovakia            28 I       25 i'                              H                  10                              (j                                 ,1
       BTance                     10,         2                                 H        I
                                                                                                    21                             1                      1.
       Germany                    201         9
                                                     1
                                                                                                   15                              ()
       Great Britain              69 i        2
                                                     1
                                                                               111
                                                                               67                  -         :
                                                                                                                                                       -,
                                                                                                                                                                      f)

        Greece
       Hungary
                                    8
                                  18 '
                                               1                                7        I          51                         ~··4 I                  -I             1
                                             18                                                    19 i                         15                                    4
       Italy                         7                                                                                                                 __ 1
                                                                                7
       J.Jatvia                     J          J                                                       2                           2                   --       ,

        Lithuania                    4'         4
        Poland                    74         72                    1            1                  li1                          GO                                    1
       Rumania                     7          6                                 1                  17                           17
        Spain                      4          ·1                                                    1
        Switzerland                2          1                                 1
        Yugosla,via                :4         2                                                        J


     ASIA:
       Afghanistan                 11.                                         11
       China                        I'                                          1
       Hedjaz & Nejc1              38                          fl8
       India                         1,
       Iraq                        21'        12                   6                B
       Iran                        25        12                                13
       Syria and :r.Jebanol1     l:l2'1       12             296               1G                IHi)                           10                     IHH           17
       Turkey                     79         35                                H                       G                         2                                    4
       Trans-J ordan             138                         1.11              27


     .\FRIUA:
       Abyssinia                     4                                              -1                 ()                                                             (;
        Algeria                      1
        Egypt
                                                                                    1                  i3                                                  1          2
                                 247          B2                   2   :      213                il\Jf)      !                  Ui                         1        H83
       Morocco                     1                                                1                  2                                                  2
       Sudan                         !J                                             H
       Tripoli
                                                                                                       1
        Union of S. Africa            ]
        O(lhers                                                                     1
                                     H                                              :1


     ,~lVIERICA   :
       Brazil                         1        1
       Canada                         3'       2                                    1
       LT.S.A.                     i:l4 '     13
       Others
                                                                   1           17                                                  1
                                   12 '        1                   2                n
     O'l'HER p Al~/rS
     OF THE BRI-
     'I'ISH EMPIRE
                                   -I                                                                  ()    .                                                        ()



                                                                                              ---- _.._- -       .--._."   ----_.-"--.   - -   ----~
                                                                                                                                                        ... -

                                                           ~74 ~
'l'ABJ J.b} XV -   Number of travellers remaiu ing illegally in I>alestine in each
                   month cla.ssified by 'race' or 'nationa.lity'.


   ~l'his table shews the ~1ctual movement month by month of the population
of illegal immigrants who by illegal settlen.lent abused facilties granted to
them as travellers. The neg'utive signs in several cornpartments in the table
indi.cate that the total population of such persons declined at the periods cor-
l'esponding with those compartments. They do not imply that illegal settle-
ments by meallS 01:' the abuse of fa.cilities granted to travellers cea.sed.




                                    -76 -
                                              'I'ABJ.JE XV

                  NmrBJm   OF 'L'HAVELJ,EHR .HUD1AINING Jl,IJEUALLY IN .PALIDSTINE.
                                    DURING THB YIMR            1936.

                                 Month in which period
        Month of arrival           of authorized stay                     Total                    Jews                    Arabs         Others
                                      has expired.



October, 1935                    .T ammry, 1936                                iHHl ;                   (OH                  Lln :          121


November                                                                                   ,                           ,
                                                                               ~11
                                                                                                        2'"                   77 :          110


December                         March                                          20,            --       n2                    ·/.7 I         (ll)



,January, 1936                   April                                         178 .                    18         I          HH I           67


]i'ebl'uary                      May                                           1I)(j                    50                    154           152
                                                                                                                                     I
                                                                                                                                     I
                                                                                                                                     I
                                                                                                                   ,
MATCh                            .Tnne                                         176                      :'Hi       ~          H6 I          1-\,1


April                            .July                                         21JR:           ---        H:                  .'lA   ,     U)S


May                              August                                         If) !
                                                                          -                    -- 75           I              ]0            -ill


June                             September                                --l.iH       I       -1871 -- 12                                    (1


July                             October                                  -     ,[7            -        ·18    I              17            lil


August,                          November                                 -11)                 -R9             I
                                                                                                                               7            17


September                        Decelllber                                     52 !                     H,                    r,           1t


                                           . _ - - - ._ ...__ .._ _-;-.
                                                                 •..      ..-----;.- ...       --....

                       'I'OTAL
                                                                              1156             -182.




                                              -    76-
'fABLB XVI -        Volume of traftie in both directions through the prescribed
                    placeR of entry.


   rrhis table inc1ieates absolutely n,nc1 relatively the volume of traffic in both
(lil'ections t.hrough the pl'PRcl'ihec1 pInceR of entry into l?aleRtine.




                                     -77 -
                                                                 TABLE XVI

                                       Vor,(]ME UF TR~\FFIC IN   1936   (INWARD AND OUTWARD CO)"!BINED)
                                                   TROUGH FRONTIER CONTROLS BY MONTHS.


                                                                                     Ras en                                                         Rosh                     \
              Month                                               Total              Naqura
                                                                                                     Haifa        Kantara       Jaffa         I     Pinna        Samakh      I Others
                                                                                                                -,------                      '-_                            1

       .Tanuary                                                   IH,509               H,992          ~,197         3,507        1,69(;              2,712          un            224
       February                                                   lS,G17               GA10           3,890         4,398        1,393               2,203          142           Hn
       March                                                      33,737               !-i,R30        7,292         8,846       n"HHH                .4,17G         2414          462
       April                                                      39,108              I1.G59     i   11,587         7,190        2,0-!G       I      4.734        1,334            55H

       May                                                        20,194               -L7GG          9,881         2,873   I                        1,079        1,371            224
                                                                                                 i
--:J   June                                                       15,314               5,62[)         i),9G4        1,745                              !}O4         89-1           un
<Xl
       July                                                       18,975              7AH4            /1,321        1,782                              'iS7         lJ38           loo
       August                                                     21,554               9,148          9,043         1,797                              76G          ()40           l(jO
       September                                                  23,;';89            !J,75!}        10,40H         2,122                              596          ;-;65          IS!)
       October                                                    23,142             12,060           ;'),987       2,287           H                1,97B          622            HiP.
       November                                                   19,772              1-1,620         J,835         2,820           93               2,H6H          28:-;          20B
       December                                                   21,301              9,977           H,79ii        4,083           4fi              2,HKO          24H            271
                                                                              ----                               -~---




                          TOTAL                                  278,812             10U~HO          H-!,200       43,450        9,201              25,57!!        7.122         2.H30



       Pl'oport.ion per 100 through all controls                        100                H7             31           16               ;-\                 !J          :i              1
THE PRINCIPAL TABLES OF NATURALIZATION

               . 1 936.




                 -70 -
'j'ABIJ]:j]   xvn -   Previous nationnlity uf persons 1111tnralized.


   'l'his tl1ble tihows the pl'eviouo nationality and the 'racial' 01' 'national' dec-·
larations of persons n~1turn,lized.      Colulllll I and 2 indicate the number of
persons to whom certificates "vere <.1elivel'ed. 'Dependants' i.e. persons, wives
and chilc1ren, who acquirec1 the status of Palestinian citizenship by 1'easen of
the natUl'aliz~1tion of hURbanc1s and fathel's 01' mothers are shewn in column 3.
Column '1 gives the totu 1 of pel'sons who acquired Palestinian citi.zenship dur-
ing the yem·.




                                       -   80-
                                                                    rL'AB.LJ!j XVII

                     .PnBvIOus NA'l'lONAI,I'l'Y OF 'PERSONS NA'l'UIUI,lZBl) ]JITHINO 'l'!.!g Yl<lAH                                    IH3H.


                                     ,                        JEW S                                                       NON-JEWS
        Country of                   i·         - "---I--

                                                              Families                                       ~
                                                                                                                              Families
   previous nationality
                                     i Singles                              Nos. of          Total I S· 1                               Nos. of
                                                                                                                                                        Total
                                                         NOB. of                            persons, mg es I Nos. of                                   persons
                                     I                                      depencl_                                                    <1epencl_
                                     i                   families             ants                           ,            families        ants
                                                                                                 -   .. --




               ~l'OTAL                    ~.fi~2            ~,821i            JAB7           !),Hll               lil         HH            7{}          IB!)

 EUROP:BJ:
    Austria                                    1<1             18'                 il7           ()f):
    Belgium                                                         ~                R                [)I
    Bulgaria.                                       7          15                  20           IHi                                1              :1           2
    Ozechoslovakia                             23              10                  -18          H5
    Danzig                                         <[           1                      2             7
    Esthonia                                 3                      2i                 2!            7
    France                                   3                      21                 Hi       13
    Germany                                289               363 !             678 !         1,825                    1                                       1
    Great Britain                               3              7                  18            28
    Greece                                     11              2                   J            17 :                  H                                       r;
    Hungary                                        n           13                 18            ·10
    Italy                                       ;, .')
                                                                    R             25            36                                                            2
    T..latvia.                              H8                 of)                H8           185
    Lithuania                                                                                                                                                 I
                                           100               101.              160             36,b
    Netherlands                                                1                    2             H
   Poli1nd                                1.122              H43 ,           1,,121          H,HSG
   Portugal                                   S                1                    3             7
   Rumania                                 185i              167:,             280
  Russia                                                                                      832        i
                                           188               228               480            896        1
                                                                                                                   :-l                                       t}
  Spain                                         H               7                 20'           HI) ,
  ..switzerland                                 1                                                 I
   'y'ngoslavia                                 J               :-l                 0           If!


ASIA:
  Afghan ista,n                                H                                  1 i)
  China
                                                                H                              HI
                                               2                                                2
  Iraq                                      2ii               ii2
 Japan                                                                         213            2nO
 Iran                                                                                                                                                      I
                                            iiD               ·lD              16B            282                 a
 Syria & Lebanon                                                                                                              H             /j           11
                                              G                                    2            0                1·[
 Tmns-Jorclan                               -,
                                                                                                                              7           22             lil
 Turkey                                                                                                                       1             ;.\           4
                                            lSi               20                58             !)()              HJ
 Yemen & Aden                                                                                                                 7            17            4il
                                            28 :              11                37             76


AFRIOA:
 Egypt                                         2
 Morocco                                                                                         2                            il            (i           10
                                               $),             Il
 Tunis                                                                          10             ~H
                                           -                                                                      1

AMERICA:
 Argentine                                  1
 D.S.A.                                                        1                   1            a
                                           11                HI                28              55
 Others                                        H                                                                             2              D            11
                                                              2                    J            !)


UNDEFINED                                 ilH2 i            llOJ              (i17          1,253                11          (j            !l           20
 -- ..._._------. __ .._--   --
                                                                                              ------.-
                                                                        -    81    -
'rAIrrJ],j XVIII -   Uuuuplttio1l8 of   peI'~OW:i   natill'ali)';l;lCl (Rencll:! of families !111(1
                     Hillgles).


  'l'his tn,bJe shows the lleclal'ed oeeuptttions of pen.,0118 naturalized.




                                        -   82-
                                             rl'ABLI~    XVUI

        ;)CCUPA'l'IONS Qli' PERSONS NA'l'URALI:t.ED (HEADtl OF FAMITJIES ,\ND SINGIJBS ONLY) .




                                                            Men
                                                                         ,r Po W B
                                                                                   Womon
                                                                                                         .. J
                                                                                                            I
                                                                                                                                     Non-Jews

                                                                                                                                Men                   'Women



 Agriculture                                                      Gfi4                        34                                           H
 MineR
 'rextile                                                               7                          '2
,Vood workR                                                      240                               1                                       1.
}\rIetal works                                                   269                               1                                       (j

IJeather work~                                                       H
                                                                            ,



Cemmies                                                                B                          1
Chemical Products
l?rillting                                                         IH
Food Products                                                      5H                             '2
Clothing and Millinery                                             (j8                  21)                                             2
Hoot and shoe making                                               20
Building                                                        594                           '2                                        n
1'l"(1,11sport
                                                                1511                                                                    2
Miscellaneous
                                                                  18                                                                    2
C+enerallabot1l'ers
                                                                708                    fl7
Domestic and personal service                                     III                  '2 f)                                                                H
Commerce
                                                                352                           i)
                                                                                                                                lA
Other trades
                                                                  31                          2                                      2
Clerical and Commercial Service                                 507                109                                               f.)
Public Officials and Police
                                                                  84                                                                 fl
TJIBBHAf, PROFElSSIONS :
      Law
                                                                 21
      Physicians
                                                                 85                        7
     Dentists
                                                                 22                      2
     Medical att,endantR
                                                                 41                   27                                                                2
     A.rchitects, Bllgineers
                                                            180
     Education
                                                                 HO                  12                                             7
     ArtR
                                                                (1)
                                                                                       4                                            H                   '2
     (>thet" liberal professions
                                                                IH
     Heligiolls occnpations
                                                                24                                                                  7                  2
     PersonR living on income
                                                                B2                    H                                         '2
     8tuc1ellt:-:
                                                           llt-!                     HO
     1~)e],RoIIR without occupations                                                                                                                   Cl
                                                                B5                   oil                                        :1                     ·1
          'I ' OTAIJ
     ._._._---- - - - - - - - -                          ,1,410                      ·137
"-                                ~-----.-
                                                                                                                               7G                     18
          GHAND          'ro'r AL
                                                                      4,847                                                                     !J4
                                             '""-."~-"
                                                           -.   ~-"~'-"'--'-----
                                                                                       ....   ~    .    -.---   -~-   .. -   ~.--




                                             -83 -
re ABL]jj XIX -   Age,   SAX   and conjugal com1ltion of total persons naturalized.


  This table gives the c1iRt.rihution by age, flex rmc1 conjugal condition of aB
persons nat111'alize(l.
                                                             'l\A..JnA~}    XIX

                    AGE, SEX AND CONJUGAlJ OONDI'l'lON OF'rO'I'Al, PlmfWNK NA'l'UHALIZlm
                                                             DUl~ING       193ft

                                                                                                            Females
                                                                                   Pm'solls        ~~~i:d I-Marri~~"I~~~~:I~i~:~~~
                                                                                     8,()()2             1.8"6       2.251r
                                                                                                                                  I
                                                                                                                                      141 "I
                                                                                       Bll                311          -I
                                                                                       304                HO.!         -"--I
         10-14           288         288                                               2{)R               2HB
         15-1!) i        803         BOB                                               178                15D           1<1
J        20-24          1,280        014         362             2          2          488                HO          348
         25·29          1,158        554         597             B                     764                 80         682             2
E                        684         2BO         446             "1                    ,170                ,l8        '12'1
         Bn-3f)          44(1         74                                               356                 BO         H20
w        40-'1,1         2H                      20()           1                      IH7                 11i        175             ,L
         -15-41l         lli7          (i        lilt>           1                     126
                         10!)          1         lOT>            2          1           Rf)                            7fl!
                                                                                               1
                                                                                                                                  ,
         55·59            R8           1          73           12          '12           54                            ·151                    7
         (10-64           (lR          2          156                      10           H4                             28'
         U5-fiO           (37                     B2             1                      22                 -,          16'                     !i
         70-U             22           1          18                                      5
                                                                                                                              i
                                                                                                                         "t'                   1
        75 and


                                                - "I
         over               ii
                                                                                                                         1    1



"--,    ~--r~--"-"--'                            -~!-r--~-'
                                                                            2             1
                                                                                                   "-"                        I



    : TOT,,"!            110     I    70    I     2D!                                   5B'                            HI]
                                                                                                                              !
                                                                                                                                               -I
    .               1            \          '

                                                                                                                 i
                          1O!         101   '
                                                                                          2                 21
                                            1

N
                           k     I     81                                                 7                 7
         10-H
                            o          ni'                                                1                 1
o        115-19             8          8,
                                                                                          7                 "11          H,
         20-24.           18          151                                               10
N        25-2D:            9           7!           2
         30-3~ I          10                        (jl                                   4
                                                         I
         35-30 I          11                        4:                                    2
         40-.:(,1           5
                    i
                                                                                          2                 1           1
         -!i,-40'           (I         1            [i                                  10                  1           7
                            1                       1
w                                                                                                           1,
                                       i            8                                     1
                                       1            2                                     1                -:
         !:l5·li9
         70-74 :            1                       1                                                            ,


        75 (Luc1 .
                                                                                                           _I
                                                                                                                      --I                      1
                                                                                                                             I
         over



                                                               -85 -
rl'ABLE   xx -   Years of arrival of persons naturalized (Heads of families and
                   singles only) .


  This table shows 1;he   yefl,]~s   of arriva.l     III   Palestine of persons naturalized
during 1936.




                                        ---'- 86 -
                                                   'l'AHfJ 1<;          XX

PEHSONS NATURAUZBD Gr,AH8IFIEn nY YBA\W ()l!' ~\\llnV'\L (ImAl)S OF 1"AlInLmS AND SINnLES ONLY)

                                                FOH 'rHg )THAU             193fi.


                                                 .Jews                                       NOll-.Jll\\,H
    YelL]'f;   of IHriViLl                                                                                   ."-   ~---.-.---~



                                                   Men                  Wo!Unll     Toto,1        Men              Women
    --".~'-----.-




   TOTAL                           -+,847          ·[,,110                :lil7      !),j          7()                18


  PalestiniA.n born                  l8B             lli4                    a~      28            2"1                  ,I

   Prior to 1921                      82               72                    10      11             H                   fl

                    1921              52              'J7                     ii

                    1922              7r;   I
                                                       GH                    Ui

                    192R              7H              (iB                    ]0

                    1924.            H7              122                   21)         1

                    1925            424              H6R                   (il         ()           (j


                    1926            202              182                   20         2             2
                                                                                                                      'wc
                                                                                                                      ,",-
                    1927              48              HI                     fi       2             2
                    1928              H4              RO                     -1       H             a
                    192!l           121              110                   11         B                                2

                    19RO            172              ] 6fi                   (j       (j           [j                  1
                    19111           14il             12f)                  17         7            7
                    1932            829              R1fl                  Hi         H            /j                 H

                    19BH           1,994           1,847                 1,t7         0            (j                 H

                    193,1           765              7lH                  :>2         !i            I

               .. --.   ----   -                         -"--'   ...-




                                                    --- 87 --
THE SUBSIDIARY TABLES OF MIGRATION

              1 9 36.




               -   88-
                                                       SUlltlIDIAlW 'l~AULg NU.        1


                      DISTRIBU'l'TON BY UA'l'E(WUmS ANlll:lJ';X l'lm       .lO,O(J()   'J'u'J'.\l. ,JI,;\\'o,;lI !)\!l\IHHtANTR.




                                            Oategory                                         PersollR          Males           lJ'em0.1es
                         ..   --.---.-------.--.~.-        ..   ~.




                                           TOTAL                                             10.000              I.(WO              ri .ill 0

               A(j)             Persons with JJP.1 ,000 &; upwa,l'ds                           I .000              H2i1               177
                                Dependants on pel'SOnR in A(i)                                   !)·lli            2·11               7(H

               A (iii)          tlkilled artisans with not less than I/P. 250                      iJ7               iJ(i
                                Dependants on persons in A(iii)                                    !l7               2H                 (if)


              A (iv)            Pel'sons of minimnm ineome of LP A p.m.                            illi              IH                 17

              B(ii)            Persons of religions oceupatiom;                                    7f)               7H
                               Dependants   011   penmns in B (11)                               If{f)               (j;i             12,1

              B(iii)           StudentR                                                         iiHIi             !HH                192

              0                1'e],80m; coming to ellrployment                               2.H.H)           1•(j Ii Ii            n94
                               Dependants on persons in C                                     l.iil2              Hiif)            l.llifl

             D                  Dependants of residents of Palestine                         :'1.1 H,I         l,Oll!              2.171i
                               Other categories
                                                                                                    H                  I                  .:[


--   ---.---.-..-




                                                                -    89-
                                             SUBSIDIARY 'TABLE NO.           2
                (a)      AGE DISTRIBUTION PER                10,000    JEWISH IMMIGRANTS.

                                       Actual           figures                      P   l' 0   P   0       r t ion     p er     10,000
 Age     (years)
                                 Persons         Males          Females             Persons                   Males            Females


                                 29,727          13,942          15,785             10,000                    10,000           10,000

        0-4                         1,348           G7'.I:                                ,154                   ,184              427
        5-9                         1,646           815                                   554           i        584               527
       10-14                        2,198         1,099                                   739                    788               696
       15-19                        3,253         1,627                                1,094                   1,167             1,030
       20-24                        5,119         2,325                                1,722                   1,668             1,770
       25-29                        {1,213        1,765                                1,417                   1,26G             1,55J.
       80-34                        2,587         1,200                                   870,                   861               879
       35-39                        1,684           811                                   566                    582               553
       40-<14                       1,340           655                                   451           i        470
       45-49                        1,116           ·176                                  (175                   841
       fiO-54                       1,399           560                                   471                    402               532
       55-59                        1,501                                                 505                    5 HJ




                                                             :Males          80.3 years
                          LVleftll age 1936
                                                             Females     •   30.'1 years
                                                             Males            29.0 years
                          Mean age 1935
                                                             Females          29.1. years



(b) NUMBER OF JEWISH FEMALES PER 1,000 JEWJSH MALES A'l' DIFFERENT AGE GROOPS
                                AS COMPAUED WI'l'H 'l'HE Cl.!mSUS OF                19:31.
                                                                        Immigration                                   Ceusus
                Age       (years)                                            1936                                       1931
                                                                                         - - + - -..--~----
                      ALL AG-RH                                              1,132                                        982

                                                                             1,000                                        952
                         iJ -   n                                            1,020                                        051)
                        10-14                                                1,000                                        95a
                        15-H)                                                    999                                    1,054
                        20-24                                                1,202                                      1,028
                        25-29                                                1,387                                        D61
                        30-34                                                1,156                                        H5a
                        35-BB                                                1,07G                                        D26
                        40-44                                                1,0·16                                     1,000
                        45-49                                                1,3-15                                     1,068
                        50-54                                                1,498                                      1,0f)3
                        55-5B                                                1,073                                      1,091
                        60-64                                                    995                                    1,136
                        M-69                                                     842                                    1,169
                        70-74                                                    930                                    1,124
                        75 and over                                              794                                    1,079
                                                   ._~_._i      _ _ _ ~ _ _ .__. _ __



                                                    -    00-
                                                                   i:iUDi:lIDIAHY '['AllLE NU.                         :-J

                                       (a.) DIS'l'RIBU'l'JON OF CONWUAl, CONDITION AND SRX.
                                      PER 1,000 JRWISH IlInIlGR'l'N'l'S IN BAC.H AGB GROUP.


                                                                         Ma,les                                                                      FellllLle:-;
            Age
                                         !u;~a;l'i~~IM~l~ried-1 J:~~l~~l~~(~~:~~I~~~al'riCc1i Married Divorced Wic1owec1
     - . - - - -..- -..     -~    ··--1·_---- -.-........ --.-.-.... -.                           .;..                   I                   '



            O· H                               1,000                                                                              1,000
            15·11)                               990          I        10                                                           f)13               87
            20·2,1                               739                  258                3                                         ·Ul9      I       fl07                  ·L   i
            25-29                                479                  oHl                ·1                     1                  }}.1O     'I      GMl                  12                   2
            BO-34                                311                  H77     ,        10                       2                  258               7Hl                  Hi                  10
            il5-S9                               175                  809     I,       11                       5                  12(i              BIG                  211                 liB
            -10-4.4                               8,1                 895              17            !          -1           !
                                                                                                                                      74             8H                   20                   HO
            -1[i-49                               69                  914                n                     11                     III            752                  B,1                16B
            50-54                                 28                  923              11                      38                       8            712                  19                 261
            55-59                                 18                  908               -1                      70                    10             BriG                   6                328
            fiO-fi4                                 5                 847              11                     137                     22             5GB                   (j                ,109
            G5-69                                   2                 759              1H                     22(l                    12             ·181                  (j                501
            70-74                                                     fi27                   ()               367                     20             H2O                   7                 653
            75 ana uvel'                                 8            ·19H                                    ·1\)(1                                 lilB                                    847

--.---.-~-    --- -------------                                                                   .-----._.




      (b) DIS'l'RIU u'rroN OF MAIN AGI~ (lnonl'S ,\Nll C:ON.J{TGAL ('ONDI'l'ION OF 10,000                                                                                 ;r mVIS H
                                                                  IMilUClrUN'l'S OF GAG}] SEX.


                                                             i\{ 11   Ies                                                                         F ('.   III It   1e H
       Age                Pers~~~-lunmal';ie~M~ied IDiv~~C;drW~i~~;;ll i;cl'sons 1{;~l~al'ried:M~l';i~d·IDi~Ol'Ce~:~~~w~d
                             I
    .'--'-.. ---.. -..---.. -,--------..-:------. - -            '" .--.--
                                                                  ----·-----~---··-·--1-·




                                                                                             i
   ALL AGES                10,000.               5,B051 4,B81 ,                     521                  262! 10,000                        ,l,B54          ·1,775              fH             777
      0-,1                    J83 "                4SHI                                                      I
                                                                                                                 ,127                          ,1:l7
    5· lA                   1,373 i              1,373                                                    ~
                                                                                                               1,2:lB                       1,223                     I
    15-24                   2,835 I              2,386    ·HB                                                                                                                    ('      ~

    25-44                   3,1 78         1     1,015 2,126
                                                                                        (j
                                                                                       28                 -;1  2,800
                                                                                                               3,417
                                                                                                                                            1,80G
                                                                                                                                               856
                                                                                                                                                               987'
                                                                                                                                                            2,,14,8             57
                                                                                                                                                                                  )      ,

                                                                                                                                                                                                    {Hj
    ,15-64                  1,655 !                 47 1,486                           13                109! 1,7H                                 BH       1,200 I             2\}            507
    65 and over               476                    1    320,                          I) :             14~ !   f1IHl                               ·l        140 '                2          21f1

                              "- .-     ---_ . . -




         (cl DIS'l'HmU'l'ION                   BY MAIN             A.nE     GHOl1PS, COKJCGAlJ CUNDITION ,\NU 8l!JX                                                 pr'~H lO .000
                                                                         JKIVISH       bnUOHAN'l'S.


     Age
   ( years)
                    I !-TtT------;-a l.~~~
                    Persons                                                        __________ ' _____                                 ~_ . __ .:"_el.11~L_l_e~ ..                   .'
                        .. ..J ~~s .IU~~al'l'iedl Married IDiVol'CedlWidoweal F;';~:~~s iUnmarriedi Married IDivorcecl;vVidowerl
   ALl, AGES
     O· '.1          1   O'~~~:" :~~ 2, i~~:'055-    !                                           :'12'!                          5,~J 2,~~ ~                  2,535             50!            .'l'
     ;;·14               1.29B    644                             G44                                                              649  1          649
    15-2.J.         I    2,81G. 1,329'                       1,119,          207                   B                             1,487:            960             524               B
    25·4,t               3,305 1,491
                                  1




                                  1
                                                                  Ho         998                  13             4               1,814'            ~54 1.300                     30 i            HO
    45-64                1,718:   776                              22!       697                   (j           51                 9i2               20            637           Hi             269
    65 t111d               ·1U    223!
                                  I,                               ~,153                           2            68                 1I:11              2             74.           1             11'.1
     over



                                                                                   -         91-
                                               SUBSIDIARY 'l'ABLg NO.                  4.
  Ca.)   .PHOPOn,'l'IONA'l'l~
                          DJ S'l'ltIB Ll'l'lON PEn, 10,000 J lil\VnlH IM.MW I1AN'rs BY CmJN'L'RY OF Bm'rH .
                      OOUNTHY (W Orl'IZENSHIr AND COUNTIW OIf PUEVIOUS AnODE.                             .


-;:JNT~~------'----ool~ntl'r                         I   Country -of ---\---------             ooun~;   of Prev:Ous Abodo
                                  of Birth               CHhenHhip            i--.-----T---------------
                                     ____._._____.J______     _... __._.__L       __~el'son"             1Inle"             FelUaleH

                                                                              \
                                                                              i
         TOTAL                     10,000                   10,000            I     10,000               10,000             10,000


EUROPE:
 Austria                                 130                   1U9                       186                 HI9                170
 Belgium                                                         7                          75                fll                 61
 Bulgaria                                 02                      -itl                      58                5g                  57
  C1zecho-                               170                   171                       220                 235                20G
    slovakifL
 Danzig                                      H                   7                        18                  15                  20
 France                                   14                    26                       177                 218                140
 Germany                             2,347                   2,011                    2,747                2,940              2,578
 Great Britain                          20                         65                     59                  58                  GO
 Greece                                129                        123                    126                 144                 111
 Hungary                                  liH                      59                     47                  50                  415
                                                                   22                     61                  7tl                 4:1
 Italy
 Latvia                                  160                      156                    160                 15G                 1(33
  Lithuania,                             28(1                  2H3                       264                 24(l                280
  Netherlands                             38                    35                       114                 125                 102
  Poland                             4,955                   4,632                     4,071               H,715               ,1,384
  Rumania                              518                     494                          487              4G5                 507
  Russia                               367                        18,1                      211              222                 202
  Switzerland                             ILL                      10                        51                   51               u1
  Yugoslavia,                             23                       22                        39                   ,13              3u
                                             8                     Hi                        21                   23               20
  Others


ASIA:
                                          2D                       29                        31                   H5               27
 Afganistan
 Iran                                     5(1                      62                        55                   HI               50
                                          95                       H9                        97                   rHi              98
 Iraq
 Syria and                                ·12                      HO                        HO                   39               il4
      Lebanon
                                          79                       H9                        7G                   69               82
 Turkey                                                                                                       28(i                25G
 Yemen and                               27'1                     217                       270
         Aden                                                                                                     27 .                 115
 Others                                    27                     278                        21


 AFRICA:
                                           28                       If)
  Egypt
  Tripoli                                  13
                                               2                         ·1                                                             i5
  Union of S.
          Africa                                                                                                    H                  II
                                               (j                   13                         10
  Others


 AMERICA:
                                                H                   10                         14                  18                  11
  Argentine                                                                                                                              (j
  Br:;tzil                                      2                        2
  Canada                                        8                        fj                      o                                       7
   U.H.A.                                    22                     90                      111               un                       fU
                                                2                        5                       R                  n                    7
    Others

                                                 2                 559                            G                 ()                   7
 OTHERS AND
  UNDEFI_N ED _ _
         ___                    L__ ..
                                                              -      92-
 (b) JlHOPORTIONA'l'E DISTRIBUTION PER 10,000 JgWISH hn[J(mAN'l':-l AND NlJMBlm (lli' BBMAT.ES
                  PER   1,000 MALES   ACCOItDING 'l'0 COUN1'RY OF P!U~VIOUS ABODE.


                                                                                     Number of
       Oountry                   Persons             Males           Females         females per
                                                                                     1,000 males




       To'rAL                     10,000              4,68,1           ii.Hl(j           1,135


EUROP]~   :
 Austria                                 186             Uti               UB           1,000
 Belgium                                  75             4B                H2             765
 Bulgaria                                 58             2H                HO           1,091
 Czechoslovakia                          220            110              110            1,000
 Danzig                                   18              7                11           1,500
 France                                  177            102               715             730
 Germany                              2,747           1,377            1,370              995
 Gt. Brit.ain                             59             27               32            1,171
 Greece                                  126             67                il9            872
 Hungary                                  47             23                2·1          1,031
 Italy                                    61             B7                2,J            625
 Latvia                                  160              73               87           1,186
 Lithuania                               264            115              HO             1,289
 Netherlands                             114             59                iHi            927
 Poland                               '1,071          1,741            2,330            1,339
 Rumania                                 487            218              26H            1,237
 Russia                                  211            104              107            1,034
 Switzerland                              51             2,1              27            1,13'1
 Yugoslavia                               39             20               IH              929
 Others                                   21              11              10              967

ASIA:
 Afghanistan                             iH               17               1-1             1:170
 Iran                                    55               2U              26
 Iraq
                                                                                          025
                                         97               45              52            1,151
 Syria & Lebanon                         36               18              18
 Turkey                                                                                   980
                                         76               32              4'1           1,35n
 Yemen and Aden                         270              13'J            136            1,013
 Others                                  21               13                               (21)
                                                                            8


AFRICA:
 Egypt                                   42               21
 Tripoli                                                                   21            I,OoG
                                         13                  8              5              609
 U niaD of S. Africa                       7                 5
 Others                                                                     2              539
                                         10                  ,1             (j           1,5'11i

AMERICA:
 Argentine                               1'1                 8
 Brazil                                                                     H             70H
                                           5                 2              B           1,500
 Oanada                                    6                 2              4           1,833
 U.S.A.                                 111               61               1i0             81::3
 Others                                    8               4                4              1)17

orrHERS AND                                6                 2              4           1,571
     UNDEFINED



                                                    --------------~-.------------- ---~--------
                                               -   93-
                               SUBSIDIARY TABLE NO.             5
      (a) OCCUP;\'l'ION.\L DIS'l'RIBU'l'ION l)ER 10,000 JE\VISII IMMIGRANTS BY SBX.


              OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS                                                Pel'sons
                                                     --   ..   - -------- - ...----;-------;-.---




  1     AGRICUIJrURE, FORES'l'RY AND PISHING-                                       1,049                              387

 II     MINES AND QUARRIES

III MANUFACTUHING INDUSTRIES:                                                         G8!)               1552          IH7
                                                                                                I

          '_rextiles                                                                   19\                17
          T..Jeathel' works                                                            16                 16
          Wood works                                                                  106                lOG
          Metal 'works                                                                158                158
          Ceramics                                                                      4                  H             1
          Chemical products                                                             1                  1
          Food products                                                                52                 50             2
          Dress n.nd toilet                                                           217                 89           128
          Building                                                                      77                75             2
                                                                                                !
          Industries relating to literature and
             artistic trades             .                                              39      ~         37             2

 IV     TRANSPORT                                                                       24                24

  V      COMMERC1<i                                                                   !l33               523            ]0

 VI     OTHER 'l'RAD])S                                                                 24                23             1

VII      CLERICAIJ SBRVIOE                                                            130 1               Sf)           41

VIII    PUBLIC OFFICIALS, POJ..JICE AND ~\ TtMY :                                           1               1

 IX PRO:FESSIONR AND LIBERAL ARTS:                                                    355,               294            61

           Religion                                                                     05:,              95
           Law                                                                          29:                28
           Medicine:
            Physicians                                                                  26                20
            Dentists                                                                    23                19
            Medical attendants                                                          31                19     1


           Education                                                                    52                30
           Architects and engineers                                                     46                45
                                                                               !'
           Arts                                                                         281               22
           Other liberal professions                                                    251I               If!            f)
                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                    I
   X     DOMES'J.'IC SERVICE                                                            B(jl              14            H2

  Xl     INSUFFICIENTLY DESCRIBED
         OCCUP NrIONS                                                                 3691               276            83
                                                                               -------1-- .'        .    -----' ._-_.-
                                                                                                                 ..  -
                                                                                                                 1
                          TOTAL OCCUPATIONS                                          3,270          I   2,508          762


 XII     STUDENTS (16 years and over)                                                 4771               312           165

XIII     PERSONS OF NO OCCUPATION OR orr
         UNKNOWN OCCUPATION, MINORS
         AND DEPENDANTR                                                              G,253;             1.870         4,3SS


                                 GRAND TO'l'AL                                      10,000          i   4,690         5.310



                                        -~4    -
                        ~
                    Oll'8F'l,rrLBD.cOPlJL:\lJOl, ('FNsl~~ 1\1<' JIlHJ,• A1\U ~'rA'J'Jw Ol'l'Ul'NL'JUNS Ot,'
                                   Il"'"            N'     .J~ •• ~~.
                                                          l)J'I~)l'I'N"l"\("'I"
                    \"   1                                                         .     j"{ i.'     ""1
    (b)         1932 36 'l'Ol'F'I'HFf1 \\'1'1'1I ~, ',\ , " • " OF T;-'DIIUlt.\N'l'S,, 1OdJ-ob, 'l'O SE'l"l'LED
        OCQ(JPA'llONS,                         ~                      • .
    bDIlGRANTS,     -"'           PO~~I":~'ION
                                            OF             SA~m
                                                           OCCUPNl'!UN IN IDBl.


                                                                                                                                                     ! ~rotal iro-
                                            Settled                               I   111 III   i p; \'   It    t i    I I 11                          migrants
                                         Ipopulation                                                                                                 . per 100
                                             1931                                                                                                         of settled
                                                                                                     I 1931) I 1HHn :! 1!H32-36
                                                                                                                                                     'I
                                            census                                                                      'l'              O'l'AL           popu lation
                                                           1\)i:l2         1HtlS119H.l                                                                        1931."_
                                                                                                                       I
AGRICULTURE                                                      132       1,GI.wl      1. Dl:i      !   !I.OH         I iI.12~         10.H)9                   7.(1

MINING, QUARRYING                            ~,H7]                    ti          7:                              ') I
                                                                                                                  ~,
                                                                                                                                                                 1.0

MANUF Ao'rURE &
 OONSrr:RUOTION:
  Textiles                                    1,t1l38 i           137        HH:!          2·18                2!Jii             iHi         7DH                .13.5
  Chemical works                                 708 i            10         lOG           lOG               21i                   I         2G1                H5.u
 Wood works                                  ,1,544 •         184            757          DGO             1,02H                 a20      iI, 2,t.l              71.4
  MetE,l and mechanical                      3,210 i          207          1,02·1       1,224             1,B59                 1:77     1.21Jl               1H3,7
 Builuing          .                        12,06'1,           H4 :          541          024               (j(1O               22H      IUH7                   20.2
 Printing and statlOnery                     I,08(i:              il7        15·1         1Hl               iWI                 llH        H·HI                77.6
 Food products                               5,27(j'              HO         227          H·12              HGu                 Hi2      1,17H i               22.2
  Olothing and millinel'Y                    4,670               ±5~       1,HI)G          DIH           2,()f)7                Oiil     1i,!74 '             117.2
 J..Jeathel' works                           H,883 :             104         2:HJ          2ti4                IH                ·IH        7Dui                2Q,G
 Other tmdes                                 1,991 :              (l2 !      17il               Hn             100               HR         ;j(H'               25,fj

'j'HANSPORT &
  OOMMUNICATIONS                            IH,H2'                liB:       ~H()          14(i!               IIfl              7li        (i21 :               H.H
DOMESTIC SERVICE                            H,528;               8 121
                                                                  1          i:l2D I       2iH)      I      721                 HeW      1,!JfJ7     i          IH.7
OTHER INDUSTRIES ILL-
 DEFINED OOCUP ATIONS
 CEFlN.1'}RAL LABOURERS                     13,OlG I 1,222                 (l,2H7       a,137             4,2DH            l,OHfJ       UUJ.lil      i
                                                                                                                                                                  ",.)
                                                                                                                                                                  ','




COMMERCE, Manufacturers,
 Merchants, Dealers                                              (j55      l,8~1        2,9811 iI.'14R                     1,()12       1(),517I)
                                                                                                                                                     I'
                                                                                                                                                          r     42.3
CT-1ERlOAL AND COM-                                                                                                                                  I

 1VIERCIAL SERVICE                                               Ill] .      7BO            BHfl               7GI)             14!J     H, 17·1     I)
PlTBT..JIC OFFICIALS,
 POLICE AHMY                                  H,H28 i             I)         1(10           171                177                          D07
PROFESSION AL
 Physicians, Surgeons,
    Dentists                                    H47               55         522           4tlll               (1l7             153      1,771:1              209.9
 Architects, Engineers                        1,081.              59         296           392                 847              1<17     1,2-11               114.H
 Education                                    '1,187 !           150         328           840                 351              11:17    1,B5U                  i32A
  Arts                                           510 :                 H      58            81                 137               H5                             72.'1
                                                                                                                                            H6D
  Other liberal professions                   2,290 I             4H         293            '100            292                 2GD      1,308                  56.9
 Religious occupations                        3,274 :            327         317            577           1,110                 553                             88.1
                                                                                                                                         2,1:I8:!     I



'rO'N..L OF G AINFUIJ
  OOCUPATIONS                              27,1,0941 5,13'1 lA,8'iB 16,775 21,H22 10,(H<l                                               (if),225
S'l'UDENTS (over 16 years)                                       203         (no         2,104            1,938            l,H2          0,297
PERSONS OF NO OC-
 CUP ATION Dependants                      G59,174.. i 5,952 l(i,51fl 25,264 40,3H7 19,583 107,705 i
                                            _._-- -_ ,-'-                                                                                                       1G.3
      'j'orl'AI-1
                                       ~_ ~:,268111,28f) H1,f)77~:,lA31(j4,H7                                              31,671 Hl8,227                       1B.H

         • The cenSllS figure for this group indicates persom glLinIully occupiecl ill It variety of miscellltlleOllS industries
Itnd occupations not includec1 under other headinQs. The migrlLtiOl1 figures are domil1n,tec1 by the gencml labourers.
These labourers will be, on absorption, distributed oYer mlLny of the induBtries classifiierl (under other heILds), but
clearly only a small proportion will be nssociate(l with the inc1ustries coverec1 by this group of the census classifiicatiol1,
A comparison of the figures of illlUligro.tion with those of the 1931 census woultl therefore bo misleading. The
c1ish'ibution of the geneml labol1l'ers among the mnnufactming !Lud construction industries would ro.isc the percentages
given. For instance [L numbcr of l!Lbonre1's must IHIYe been [Lb801'be(1 into the buildinp; inr1n~t;r.v, It number th[Lt.
might he auything up to three times the immigrn.tiol\ figure given for that indmtry.

        'I" Public ofticers etc., in the clnssificntion of il11l11igl'l1nts ill 11)32 were included under the head of clericnl
service. The correct allocation would raise the totltl of the Public Oft\CCl'S groUll lw (pe1'l1(tp~) as much aR one pel'
cent. [Llld lower thn,t of the previous group by perhaps one half per cent.                 '


                                                             -         95-
                                                                      SUBSIllIAHY 'l'ABLJ!: NO.                                ()

    l'noPoRTION PElt              10,000 .IF-WISH                         IMMWRAN'l'S BY CA'l'BGOl1mS AND PRINCIPAl. CODN':I.'RlES

                                                                          OF PREVIOUS                           A.BODl~.



                                                                               A (i)                                         A (Hi)
                                                                           Pel'sons with                              Hkillecl artisans                                c.
                                                                           £I'. 1000 IH1rl                             with not less               Lltboul' Immigrltnts
                                                                              upwards                                  than £P. 250                                                                   Other
                  Oountry                    Persons                                                                                           i
                                                                                                       .,-[                             --T-'~-'-              - -----..-."--------                 categorics
                                                               i
                                                               , Heads of
                                                               I fltll1ilieR                Depell-
                                                                                                            f   Heads of                       ! Reac18 of
                                                               I                                            1    families       I   Depel1-    ! families                      Depell-
                                                               .                            tlltl1tR                 . 1             dantH                                      dftuts
                                                               j    01'   ~ingl~s   i_                          01' 8111g es
                                                                                                            1 ___ "
                                                                                                                                               I or singles
                                                                                                                                              -'-;0"'- -~~T---------c---"-

                                                                I                                                                                                      I

                                                                                                                                                                       I
      ~[10TAL                                10,000 I                       D9H                                        57              H7            2,3.[f)           l        1,512
                                                    !
}]UROPE:
  Austria                                        195                          22                       B                 5              H                    50 i                   20        i              74
  Czecho slovakia                                216                          25                  22                     1              2                    75 !                   38                       53
  France                                         183                          :H.                 B1                    2               2                    1)2       i            24                       38
  Germany                                      2,752                        :323,1              ,[82                   20              27                  (i02[                  200                     H98
  Greece                                         130                           ():                     ()                1              2                    K7,                    4(j       I            HS
  Latvia                                         170                          20    I
                                                                                                  lii i                  1              1                    "lR:                   IHi                    59
  Lithuaniu.                                    263                           21                  17 !                   1                                    oRi                   HI)                   121
  Poland                                       H,90]                        10H'                I.W:                   17              HH                  HHH:                   fi24                 2,093
  :Rumania                                       485 :                        1-1 .                If! I
                                                                                                                         7             ]1                  IGO:                     DB                   1R,j


ASIA:
  rl'mkey                                          1::l9                      151                  20       i                                                12                          U
  Yen:lel1 and Aden                              21i4                          I'                      2!                                                    78                    IB8

AMERIOA:
 D.S.A.                                           120 I                                                                                                          H

OTHERS:                                        ], 242           1
                                                                                                                       12                                  27H             i                               fin
                                                                                                                                                                           I




                                                                     SUBSIDIARY 'l'AJ3JJE NO.                                 7.
                  ANAy.YEllS OF 'l'U,AVgLLERS (INULUDlNG "IN nMNSI~l'''l rl'nAF}i'W,                                                                            19BI-IIJ36.



                                                                            Tot n, 1                                                      I n cl e x
                              I       '                                                                                                 (Basis-Hnn)                                ExeCHK n.~


                              l----~rrivals                                Departures
                                                                                                                 Excess of
                                                                                                                arrivals over                 Al'l'iVl1ls
                                                                                                                                                                                   percentage
                                                                                                                                                                                   of lll'l'iVldK
                                                                                                                 departUl'cs




        1031                                54,764                             52,790                                  1,D74                       100.0                                     H.O

        1082                                <1ij.25(3                          5H,H7H                                  H,i:lI:-lO                  115.;'                                1-1.H

        1938                                7H,H38                             flH,804.                               1H,02D                       U5.H                                  1(;';\


        1934                                91,828                            1:-l2,2HO                                H,50o                       167.7                                 10.-1

         1935                              10G,H2H                             DU,aI5                                 lO,iiOH                      U)5.1                                     D.H

        193G                                5H,Ha5                             5ii,217                                 1.-141::1                   108.5                                     2.ti


  ~---   ..   ~   -~.   ---       "-----   .-.~.--.-   ..---                                                                                          ."   -- -.. _.   '--'-"--~---      -   .---   -,,----_..-   --~




                                                                                        -      9G
  ((1,)   DISTRIBUTION PEU     100.000 ARRIV.\LK   BY folK\. I'JANIl. ,\NII   .\IIl .\:\11 Cr..\KH ()F PAFlSBNGERS.


                  Class of pussellgers                         Total                           Laud           Air



          'J:O'l'AL ARRIVALS                                 IOO,OOO            HH,7fl!l      (iO,IHll       H70

'l'emporary visitors                                           HB .,Hlii        10,OO(j       22,021i

Immigrants                                                     H),S(ill         1H,n,j»         1.217

Residents returning after a period
  exceeding one year                                               71i(i            iiHH          lliH

Hesidents returing ~1fter a period
 not exceeding one year                                        ,L 1.071           H,ii 1 H    B\UlH7          IIH)

Transit travelleI'R                                              ·1.H40             H22         II,H8·1        H4




(b) DIS'l'HTBU'l'ION l'Im 100,000 Dgp,\H'l'UHlM, BY HBA . .l!:\ND ,\:-In Am AN) CI,ASS (wl\\Sl:mNGERS,


                  Olas~   of   pas~ellg('l'S                    Total             Sea          IJlUlIl        Air



                                                              100,000            2H,iHHi       7U..1B2        !1;J2


rJ~emporary    visitors                                         H8,HHO           11,7(lFi      2ii,fl8i1      OB2
Hesidents departing for It period
      exceeding one yeaI'                                           lIHO             7!)!1         lil7
Residents departing for 11 pel'io(]
  not exceeding one year                                        l)ti,200         U,lliiH       Hn,!)HO

'l'ransit travellel's                                             5,484            1'()7H       VliHi           .[f)

								
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