AHSGE Reading Objective III-3 Understanding Figurative Language

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					               AHSGE Objective III-3

             Understanding
          Figurative Language
    Dr. Patrick Cain                  Mrs. Julie Turner
SEHS Assistant Principal        School Improvement Specialist
 Elmore County Schools              Dothan City Schools
          Figurative Language

   Figurative language is language that
    has meaning beyond the literal
    meaning of the words.
   Writers use figurative language to
    establish an image in the reader’s mind
    and create an association between
    some element of a passage and
    something completely unrelated, yet
    easily understood.
                  Simile
   a comparison using the word like or
    as
   Examples:
      Her room was like a pig     sty.
      Her pillow was as soft as
      silk.
                Metaphor
 a comparison that does not use the word
  like or as
 Example:

      She is a rock during times of stress.
      His thoughts are an inspiration.
                Analogy
 an extended comparison that explains
  or clarifies an idea
 Example:

      For some women going shopping is
  like men going fishing. The anticipation
  and feelings of success, whether from
  finding a bargain or catching a fish, are
  part of both experiences.
                Imagery
 sensory language, or descriptive
  language that appeals to the senses,
  used to create a vivid mental image
 Example:

  The sweet smell of baked goods drew
  the child towards the shiny display case.
             Personification
 giving an inanimate object, animal, or
  idea human qualities or abilities
 Example:
     The wind whispered its secrets to
     me.
     The tree’s skinny arms swayed in
      the wind.
     The thunder’s voice rumbled
     during the storm.
              Hyperbole
 an extravagant exaggeration
 Example:

  We walked a million miles to the fair.
  His shoes were the size of ships.
  As you read and analyze figurative
language. Keep these things in mind:

   The use of the word like or as does not
    necessarily signal a simile, as for
    example, in the sentence Jason and
    Rick are as close as two brothers can
    be. This is not a simile. Jason and Rick
    are brothers. No comparison is being
    made between unlike things.
 An analogy is similar to a simile or
  metaphor, but usually longer and
  contains details that help explain an
  idea.
 Imagery often contains similes,
  metaphors, personification, and other
  forms of figurative language.
Read the following passage.

         excerpt from
     The Strange Case of
    Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
   by Robert Louis Stevenson
  Mr. Utterson the lawyer was a man
of a rugged countenance, that was
never lighted by a smile; cold, scanty
and embarrassed in discourse;
backward in sentiment; lean, long,
dusty, dreary, and yet somehow
lovable…He was austere with
himself…But he had an approved
tolerance for others…
It is the mark of a modest man to
accept his friendly circle ready-made
from the hands of opportunity; and
that was the lawyer’s way. His
friends were those of his own blood
or those whom he had known the
longest; his affections, like ivy, were
the growth of time, they implied no
aptness in the object.
Hence, no doubt, the bond that
united him to Mr. Richard Enfield,
his distant kinsman, the well-
known man about town. It was a
nut to crack for many, what these
two could see in each other, or
what subject they could find in
common.
It was reported by those who
encountered them in their Sunday
walks, that they said nothing,
looked singularly dull, and would
hail with obvious relief the
appearance of a friend.
For all that, the two men put the
greatest store by these excursions,
counted them the chief jewel of each
week, and not only set aside
occasions of pleasure, but even
resisted the calls of business, that
they might enjoy them uninterrupted.
It chanced on one of these rambles
that their way led them down a by-
street in a busy quarter of London.
The street was small and what is
called quiet, but it drove a thriving
trade on the week-days.
The inhabitants were all doing
well, it seemed…Even on a
Sunday when it veiled its more
florid charms and lay
comparatively empty of passage,
the street shone out in contrast to
its dingy neighborhood, like a fire
in a forest;
And with its freshly painted
shutters, well-polished brasses, and
general cleanliness and gaiety of
note, instantly caught and pleased
the eye of the passenger.
      Use the passage to answer each
                 question.

1.   What idea or thing does Stevenson
     personify in the passage?
     A. Discourse
     B. Opportunity
     C. Blood
     D. friendship
1.   What idea or thing does Stevenson
     personify in the passage?
     A. Discourse
     B. Opportunity
     C. Blood
     D. friendship
2.   When Stevenson says Mr. Utterson’s “affections, like
     ivy, were the growth of time, they implied no
     aptness in the object,” he actually means.
     A. Mr. Utterson made friends easily and
          quickly.
     B. Mr. Utterson became more likable to
         people over time.
     C. Mr. Utterson developed close friendships
         with people whom he had known for a
         long time and who shared his interests.
     D. Mr. Utterson’s friendships grew because of
         his long association with people not
         because of a genuine appreciation.
2.   When Stevenson says Mr. Utterson’s “affections,
     like ivy, were the growth of time, they implied no
     aptness in the object,” he actually means.
     A. Mr. Utterson made friends easily and
          quickly.
     B. Mr. Utterson became more likable to
         people over time.
     C. Mr. Utterson developed close friendships
         with people whom he had known for a
         long time and who shared his interests.
     D. Mr. Utterson’s friendships grew because of
         his long association with people not
         because of a genuine appreciation.
3.   What does Stevenson mean by “It was a
     nut to crack for many?”
     A. It was difficult for many people
        to understand.
     B. It was a crazy idea.
     C. Many people did not accept it.
     D. Only someone who knew how to
        crack nuts could understand.
3.   What does Stevenson mean by “It was a
     nut to crack for many?”
     A. It was difficult for many people
        to understand.
     B. It was a crazy idea.
     C. Many people did not accept it.
     D. Only someone who knew how to
        crack nuts could understand.
4.   Which sentence states the actual meaning of
     the phrase “counted them the chief jewel of
     each week” as used in the passage?
     A. Counted up the value of precious gems
         sold in a week.
     B. Considered their walks the most valued
         and important event of the week.
     C. Counted down the days of the week
        until their walks
     D. Enjoyed the opportunities that their
         walks provided for them to discuss
         business.
4.   Which sentence states the actual meaning of
     the phrase “counted them the chief jewel of
     each week” as used in the passage?
     A. Counted up the value of precious gems
         sold in a week.
     B. Considered their walks the most valued
         and important event of the week.
     C. Counted down the days of the week
        until their walks
     D. Enjoyed the opportunities that their
         walks provided for them to discuss
         business.
5.   Who or what is the fire in the phrase, “like a
     fire in a forest?”

     A.   A dingy neighborhood
     B.   A fire in a shop
     C.   A bustling street of shops
     D.   Freshly painted shutters
5.   Who or what is the fire in the phrase, “like a
     fire in a forest?”

     A.   A dingy neighborhood
     B.   A fire in a shop
     C.   A bustling street of shops
     D.   Freshly painted shutters

				
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