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Introduction to American Society

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					Introduction to American Society
Lessons 8-13

In the next weeks we will BRIEFLY explore some of these topics:
• Multiculturalism:
– – – – Race (U.2-3, 5-6) Religion Holidays Language(s) (U.4)

• Guns, crime (U.12) • Discrimination • Schools (U.13-14)

•Family (U.13) •Women (U.15) •Food (U.16) •Transportation (U.17) •Media (U.18)

Your Final Presentation
• At the end of the semester, you will make your own group presentations using powerpoint (don’t worry—it’s easy!) • Follow these guidelines:
– 1 person=2 pages=1 minute – 3-6 persons per group – Sign up on quiz page

FINAL PRESENTATION TIMELINE
• June 5 Think about topic and groups • June 12 Sign up for topic and groups
– Introduction to powerpoint

• June 19 Start research • June 26 Continue research and making presentation • July 3, 10 Your PRESENTATIONS!

MULTICULTURALISM
• What is the most common race in the US?
100 50 0
1990 1995 2000 White 74 73.6 71.6 Hispanic 9 10.3 11.7 Black 11.8 12 12.2 Asia/Pac 3 3.4 3.8 Native 0.7 0.7 0.7

Percentage of US Population by Race 1990-2000

Average age of Americans by Race 1990-2000 60 40 20 0 1990 1995 2000 White 34.8 36.6 38.4 Hispanic 25.3 26.1 26.6 Black 28 29.4 30.5 Asia/Pa Native 29.7 26.5 31 27.4 32.2 28.4

Religion
Most people in the United States are Christian. “WASP” = white, Anglo-Saxon (from England), protestant Let’s look at how many people are Christian, And what other religions there are.

Many Kinds of Christians
• • • • • • • • • • • Catholic 26.2% Baptist 19.4% Methodist 8.0% Lutheran 5.2% Presbyterian 2.8% (Jewish 1.8%) Pentecostal 1.8% Episcopalian 1.7% Latter-day Saints (Mormons) 1.4% Churches of Christ 1.0% Jehovah's Witnesses 0.8%

Public Holidays
• On public holidays, there is no work or school. • Some public holidays are religious holidays:
– Christmas –birth of Christ (Dec. 25)
• (Secular) Christmas Trees,Christmas Lights, Christmas Stocking, Santa Claus • (Sacred) Nativity Scenes, Plays

– Easter –death and resurrection of Christ (Sunday April 11 in 2004)
• (Secular) Easter Bunny, Easter Egg Hunt, Easter Baskets • (Sacred) Easter Service, Good Friday

Public Holidays (Non-religious)
Other holidays are not connected with religion. They are often patriotic or civic. For example, Memorial day May 30 in 2005 Independence day July 4 in 2004 Thanksgiving Nov. 24 in 2005

Other Holidays
• Other holidays are just for fun; for example: – Valentine’s Day Feb. 14 – Halloween Oct. 31 • There are also many ethnic and religious holidays, for example: – Hanukkah (Jewish) December 9-15, 2004 – Kwanzaa (Black American) December 26 Jan 1 – Ramadan (Islamic) begins October 15, 2004

Language(s)
There is NO national language in the US! But… English and Hawaiian are official languages in Hawaii, and Spanish is official in New Mexico. 176 languages are SPOKEN. These include both native American languages and immigrant languages. There are (were!) also 56 dead languages in the US. Most were native American languages. See the full list here.

British vs. US English
– "The Americans are identical to the British in all respects except, of course, language." Oscar Wilde
– "Giving English to an American is like giving sex to a child. He knows it's important but he doesn't know what to do with it." Adam Cooper (19th century) – "We (the British and Americans) are two countries separated by a common language." G.B. Shaw

Pronunciation differences
• barn US /barn/ GB /ba:n/ • tune US /tun/ GB /tyun/ • laugh US /laef/GB (closer to ア) • hot US (closer to ア) GB (closer to オ) • often US /afen/ GB /often/ • privacy US pry-vacy GB priv-acy • schedule US skedule GB shedule

Spelling and writing differences
• • • • • • • • July 8, 1960 color center, theater check defense, license all right tire jail 08 July 1960 colour centre, theatre cheque defence, licence alright tyre gaol

Grammar differences
1. (G.B.) Have you got your grade in history yet? (U.S.) Have you gotten your grade in history yet? 2. (G.B.) He went on a course. (U.S.) He was in a course. 3. (G.B.) He's in hospital with a broken leg. (U.S.) He's in the hospital with a broken leg. 4. (G.B.) JAL have a flight to London today. (U.S.) JAL has a flight to London today.

American English Dialects
the number of U.S. dialects range from a basic three New England, Southern and Western/General America - to 24 or more .

• Regional: Northeast, South, West, transitional
– http://www.uwm.edu/Course/350192/region.html

• Racial:
– http://www.pbs.org/speak/seatosea/americanv arieties/
• Ebonics or Black English, Spanglish

• Social:
– Valspeak etc.

THAT’S ALL FOR TODAY--Thank you!
To do next:
– Find a group of friends – Look at examples from previous years

– Think about what you want to do – Sign up for your project! – Start researching!

• 2006 http://www2.kumagaku.ac.jp/teacher/%7Ejudy/classes/usjij o/2006presen.htm • 2005 http://www2.kumagaku.ac.jp/teacher/~judy/classes/usjijo/ 2005presen.htm