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					       Review Part 18
The Environment & Energy
1) All the following are special interest
  environmental groups EXCEPT
a. Audubon Society
b. National Association of Manufactures
c. Greenpeace
d. Sierra Club
e. Wilderness Society
1) All the following are special interest
  environmental groups EXCEPT
a. Audubon Society
b. National Association of Manufactures
c. Greenpeace
d. Sierra Club
e. Wilderness Society
2) The main purpose of the National
  Environmental Policy Act was to
a. Require government agencies to issue
  environmental impact statements if their policies
  would have a negative impact on the environment
b. Require the Environmental Protection Agency to
  monitor clean air standards
c. Establish clean water standards
d. Establish a superfund to clean up environmental
  abuses
e. Require the Department of the Interior to establish
  criteria for ocean dumping
2) The main purpose of the National
  Environmental Policy Act was to
a. Require government agencies to issue
  environmental impact statements if their policies
  would have a negative impact on the environment
b. Require the Environmental Protection Agency to
  monitor clean air standards
c. Establish clean water standards
d. Establish a superfund to clean up environmental
  abuses
e. Require the Department of the Interior to establish
  criteria for ocean dumping
                   Explanation
The act, passed in 1969, dealt strictly with the
  issuance of environmental impact statements of
  governmental policies. Choice B, although correct
  substantively, does not come about as a result of
  the act in question. Choice C takes place as a
  result of the Clean Water Act. Choice D occurs as
  a result of the Comprehensive Environmental
  Response, Compensation and Liability Act, and
  Choice E is also a correct statement but has no
  direct relationship to the Environmental Policy Act
3) The superfund was originally enacted in
  response to which of the following events?
a. The oil spill caused by the grounding of the
  Exxon Valdez
b. The nuclear meltdown at the Three Mile Island
  nuclear plant
c. Toxic and chemical dumping at the Love Canal
d. The Nuclear catastrophe at Chernobyl
e. The dismantling of the Shoreham nuclear plant
3) The superfund was originally enacted in
  response to which of the following events?
a. The oil spill caused by the grounding of the
  Exxon Valdez
b. The nuclear meltdown at the Three Mile Island
  nuclear plant
c. Toxic and chemical dumping at the Love Canal
d. The Nuclear catastrophe at Chernobyl
e. The dismantling of the Shoreham nuclear plant
4) All the following choices represent features
  of the Clean Air Act of 1990 EXCEPT
a. It established standards to protect the
  ozone layer
b. It set overall carbon dioxide standards
c. It established standards to attack the acid
  rain problems
d. It directed factories to reduce emissions
e. It directed auto manufactures to sell electric
  cars
4) All the following choices represent features
  of the Clean Air Act of 1990 EXCEPT
a. It established standards to protect the
  ozone layer
b. It set overall carbon dioxide standards
c. It established standards to attack the acid
  rain problems
d. It directed factories to reduce emissions
e. It directed auto manufactures to sell electric
  cars
5) Which of the following choices was a major
  consequence of United States reliance on
  nonrenewable resources during Middle East
  tensions?
a. It made the United States less dependent on the Middle
   East
b. Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana were able to meet the
   demand for energy
c. OPEC decided to reduce exports
d. The United States decided to turn to nuclear energy as a
   primary energy source
e. The United States’ use of hydroelectric sources
   increased
5) Which of the following choices was a major
  consequence of United States reliance on
  nonrenewable resources during Middle East
  tensions?
a. It made the United States less dependent on the Middle
   East
b. Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana were able to meet the
   demand for energy
c. OPEC decided to reduce exports
d. The United States decided to turn to nuclear energy as a
   primary energy source
e. The United States’ use of hydroelectric sources
   increased
6) Which of the following was created as a
  result of the Energy Reorganization Act?
a. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
b. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
c. Department of Energy
d. A superfund for energy
e. The continued operation of the Tennessee
  Valley Authority
6) Which of the following was created as a
  result of the Energy Reorganization Act?
a. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
b. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
c. Department of Energy
d. A superfund for energy
e. The continued operation of the Tennessee
  Valley Authority
                   Explanation
This question requires the specific knowledge of the
  provisions of the act. You probably can eliminate
  choices D and E because you should be familiar
  with the derivation of the TVA and you should be
  able to recognize that the Superfund deals with
  the cleanup of hazardous waste. The Federal
  Energy Regulatory Commission is responsible to
  the Department of Energy. The correct choice, A,
  was created to deal with such related issues as the
  Three Mile Island meltdown
7) Which of the following is considered the
  main environmental regulatory agency?
a. Energy Department
b. Council of Environmental Quality
c. Commerce Department
d. Environmental Protection Agency
e. Interior Department
7) Which of the following is considered the
  main environmental regulatory agency?
a. Energy Department
b. Council of Environmental Quality
c. Commerce Department
d. Environmental Protection Agency
e. Interior Department
8) Which of the following proposals that have
  an impact on the environment was made by
  the Republicans after they won a majority in
  the House of Representatives in 1994?
a. The passage of anti-regulatory legislation
b. The institution of increased federal funds for the
   environment
c. The passage of a global treaty protecting the tropical rain
   forest
d. The passage of legislation that would increase federal
   mandates
e. The abolition of the Environmental Protection Agency
8) Which of the following proposals that have
  an impact on the environment was made by
  the Republicans after they won a majority in
  the House of Representatives in 1994?
a. The passage of anti-regulatory legislation
b. The institution of increased federal funds for the
   environment
c. The passage of a global treaty protecting the tropical rain
   forest
d. The passage of legislation that would increase federal
   mandates
e. The abolition of the Environmental Protection Agency
                 Explanation
One of the components of the Republican
 Contract with America was the Unfunded
 Mandates Bill. This act and other acts aimed
 to reduce the number of regulations, many of
 which had an impact on the environment, by
 the federal government on the states.
The End

				
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