Publication Reliability Severity Country Name of Location Sector/Issues Group Problem identified Response Assessment planned Assessment undertaken Type of source Source Hyperlink Source date T he Syrian army worked since days to control the various neighborhoods of Homs. Facing its slow progress in Homs, the armed opposition has been able to make a wide progress in the city Al-akhbar 1 05/03/2013 Syria Homs armed violence All of Raqqa without «violent»clashes, in conjunction with the continued bombardment of the regular other http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/178734 Newspaper army of opposition sites in the city and its surroundings. T he Syrian army worked since days to control the various neighborhoods of Homs. Facing its slow progress in Homs, the armed opposition has been able to make a wide progress in the city Al-akhbar 1 05/03/2013 Syria Raqqa armed violence All of Raqqa without «violent»clashes, in conjunction with the continued bombardment of the regular other http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/178734 Newspaper army of opposition sites in the city and its surroundings. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- fuel widely unavailable, and though spring is drawing nearer, cold spells are still intermittently 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria NFI all International Media IRIN republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep- hitting some parts of the country. warm Residents of rebel-held areas of Deir-ez-Zor, Idlib, Aleppo, Hama, Homs and Rural Damascus http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria NFI all governorates say heating oil, known as mazout, as well as diesel and gasoline have all but International Media IRIN republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep- disappeared from the market. warm http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- “Last winter, the problem was that fuel became very expensive,” said Abu Adnan. “T his winter, you 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria NFI all International Media IRIN republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep- almost can’t find it any more.” warm In recent months, rebel fighters have made considerable gains in the northern and eastern governorates, where all of Syria’s major oil fields are located. According to opposition sources http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Deir Ezzor armed violence all and media reports, the opposition has captured four out of five oil wells in Deir-er-Zor, and one out International Media IRIN republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep- of two in Hassakeh Governorate in the north. However, nobody is running the wells held by the warm opposition because almost all oil workers have fled, according to Samir Seifan, In recent months, rebel fighters have made considerable gains in the northern and eastern governorates, where all of Syria’s major oil fields are located. According to opposition sources http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Al-Hasakah armed violence all and media reports, the opposition has captured four out of five oil wells in Deir-er-Zor, and one out International Media IRIN republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep- of two in Hassakeh Governorate in the north. However, nobody is running the wells held by the warm opposition because almost all oil workers have fled, according to Samir Seifan, In some opposition-held areas, rebels are regulating where residents can cut firewood. In the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Idleb NFI all northwestern governorate of Idlib for example, FSA fighters have started policing the olive groves, International Media IRIN republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep- said Ibrahim, a resident in Maaret al-Numan. warm Syrian rebels overran the northern city of Raqa on Monday, scoring their biggest victory since the outbreak of a revolt against President Bashar al-Assad almost two years ago. After days of fierce http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- clashes, the rebels were now in "near-total control" of Raqa, "except for some regime positions, 1 04/03/2013 Syria Raqqa armed violence all International Media AFP republic/syria-rebels-secure-biggest- including the military security and Baath party headquarters," Raqa was once home to 240,000 victory-revolt-ngo residents, but around 800,000 people forced to flee violence in other parts of Syria have sought shelter there since the start of the conflict, In central Syria, insurgents battled a major army offensive to capture rebel-held areas of the city of Homs, T he fighting in Homs "is the worst fighting in months and there are dozens of dead and http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Homs armed violence all wounded among the assailants," Regular troops backed by pro-regime militiamen attacked the International Media AFP republic/syria-rebels-secure-biggest- centre of Homs where rebels are holed up, including the Old City and neighbourhoods of Jouret al- victory-revolt-ngo Shiah, Khaldiyeh and Qarabees, Reflecting the regional spillover from the conflict, dozens of unarmed and wounded Syrian http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/03/2013 Iraq Iraq armed violence all soldiers who had crossed the border to escape weekend fighting were killed in western Iraq along International Media AFP republic/syria-rebels-secure-biggest- with nine Iraqis as gunmen from Syria ambushed their convoy victory-revolt-ngo http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In the northern province of Aleppo, a day after rebels captured a police academy in Khan al-Assal, 1 04/03/2013 Syria Aleppo armed violence all International Media AFP republic/syria-rebels-secure-biggest- pro-regime daily Al-Watan said insurgents "massacred" 115 policemen in the complex. victory-revolt-ngo Families I spoke to all agreed that their biggest expense is rent, followed by food, electricity, water http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/jordan- 1 04/03/2013 Jordan Jordan Multi-sectoral refugees and supplies for their children. T hey are in debt to friends, neighbours and shopkeepers as their NGO SCI what-cash-assistance-means-refugee savings ran out a while ago. A were reported in the second week of February, mostly in Idlib, Rural Damascus and http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Aleppo. In addition, 111 new cases of leishmaniasis – a skin disease resembling leprosy republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria Health all UN OCHA –were reported (mainly in Aleppo and Hama), and the disease is spreading across Syria. issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- T yphoid cases have also been reported. march-2013 Milling capacities have likewise dropped sharply, affecting the supply of wheat flour and bread across the country, particularly in Latakia, Idlib and T artous. Despite http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- movement limitations due to security, WFP was able to continue some monitoring republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria LFS all UN OCHA activities and found that internally displaced people living in temporary accommodation issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- shelters struggle to cook their food, a consequence of power cuts and the prohibitive march-2013 price of cooking gas. According to the Ministry of Education, 1,899 of the country’s 22,000 schools are currently used as shelters, and another 2,445 have been damaged. UNICEF reports that in Idlib, 60% of schools have been damaged/destroyed or are being used as shelters, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- followed by Aleppo (38%), Dara’a (34%), Homs, Hama, Damascus, Rural Damascus, and republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria education all UN OCHA Quneitra (18-22%). T he security situation is found to have particularly affected issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- attendance by girls, and concerns have emerged on quality of education due to march-2013 shortened hours of schooling for children, overcrowding, double-shifting and lack of materials. After two years of conflict, the Government of Syria estimates that the country is facing $11 billion in infrastructure damage. As reference, according to the World Bank, Syria http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Gross Domestic Product in 2010 was $59.15 billion – this means that the Syrian republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria LFS all UN OCHA Government estimates reconstruction costs to be almost 20 per cent of total pre-crisis issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- economic output in the country. Infrastructure damage poses a major challenge for the march-2013 delivery of basic services to the population. Camps in Damascus and Aleppo are becoming increasingly difficult to access due to conflict in surrounding areas. Four refugee camps in Damascus are largely empty due to nearby conflict, and camps in Dara’a and outside Aleppo are http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- also experiencing large-scale displacement. For example, UNRWA estimates that only republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria Access Palestinian refugees UN OCHA 20,000 Palestine refugees remain in Yarmouk camp – once home to 150,000 – and is issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- calling for restored humanitarian access. T he majority of displaced refugees have moved march-2013 to UNRWA camps and facilities in Hama, Homs, Latakia, the Dara’a countryside and safer parts of Damascus. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Since the onset of the crisis two years ago, republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria Access all eight UN staff members and 15 Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) volunteers have lost UN OCHA issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- their life. march-2013 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In particular, it remains difficult to find drivers republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria Access all UN OCHA willing to go to certain locations issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- march-2013 During the reporting period, WFP also http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- re-established the Jordan to Syria supply route, dispatching 374 metric tons of food, republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria Access all bought locally in Jordan, for over 370,000 people for one month via this route. T his is the UN OCHA issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- first time that WFP has been able to use this route since late December 2012 as march-2013 insecurity has posed a risk to safe passage of trucks. UNHCR also continued providing shelter, cash and non-food items assistance to almost http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 3,000 Palestinian refugees who came from Iraq (referred to as Palestinians ex Iraq). T he republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria LFS Palestinian refugees UN OCHA majority of them live in Damascus although some reside in Latakia, Dara’a, Aleppo and Al issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- Hol camp in Hassakeh. march-2013 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- UNRWA continues to operate its 23 republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria Health Palestinian refugees primary healthcare centres across Syria, with security forcing the current closure of eight UN OCHA issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- centres, and substantially reduced working hours for another seven health centres. march-2013 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- On 24 republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria education Palestinian refugees February 2013, 50 of 118 UNRWA schools were open, and 24,592 elementary and UN OCHA issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- primary students attended classes (36.5% of total student population). march-2013 T he Government of Jordan estimates the total number of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- refugees to be higher, at approximately 420,000. February 2013 represents the month republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Jordan Jordan displacement refugees with the highest number of arrivals (over 75,000) with the pace of arrival clearly outpacing UN OCHA issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- the registration machinery - some 53,000 refugees are currently awaiting registration - with an average of 2,133 people entering Jordan each day. march-2013 T he number of Syrian refugees hosted in 17 camps in T urkey (in the provinces of Sanliurfa, Gaziantep, K. Maras, Hatay, Kilis, Adiyaman, Osmaniye, and Adana) has now reached almost 185,000 – about 20 per cent more than the beginning of this year. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- According to the Government of T urkey, there are an additional 100,000 Syrians who live republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Turkey Turkey displacement refugees UN OCHA outside camps in various provinces, mainly in Gaziantep, Kilis, Hatay and Sanliurfa. issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- Syrians who do not live in camps are registered in coordination centres in Gazianterp and march-2013 Kilis co-managed by T urkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD) and the governorates. T he majority of the new arrivals in Iraq originate from Hassakeh governorate with others http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- arriving from Aleppo and Damascus governorates. T hose from Hassakeh governorate republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Iraq Iraq displacement refugees report the lack of economic opportunities and basic services as the main reasons why UN OCHA issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- they fled Syria whereas those fleeing from Damascus cite the ongoing violence and fear march-2013 for their lives as determining why they left their country. T he number of Syrian refugees in Egypt continues to rise from 13,000 at the beginning of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- January 2013 to more than 32,000 today. Syrian refugees are mostly hosted by local republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 04/03/2013 Egypt Egypt displacement refugees communities in Alexandria, Greater Cairo, Damietta, Mansoura, Hurghada, Suez and UN OCHA issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4- Ismaila. Among them, a high prevalence of chronic illnesses, rehabilitative and mental march-2013 healthcare needs have been identified. In response to the Syrian Crisis and the increasing influx of Syrian displaced to Lebanon, the http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/launch Ministry of Social Affairs in coordination with the United Nations Development Programme 1 04/03/2013 Lebanon Lebanon lFS host communities UN UNDP ing-lebanese-host-communities- (UNDP), organized a press conference to launch the "Lebanese Host Communities Support support-programme%E2%80%9D Programme" T he Minister of Interior and Municipalities Marwan Charbel, stated that "the increasing number of Syrian refugees exceeded our energies," revealing that "the current number of Syrians in Lebanon http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/launch skips one million persons," explaining that "refugees are distributed on 3 categories: the former 1 04/03/2013 Lebanon Lebanon displacement refugees UN UNDP ing-lebanese-host-communities- Syrian workers who came with their family at the beginning of the Syrian crisis, the wealthy support-programme%E2%80%9D category who rented hotels and homes, and the poor category who came leaving behind their homes and properties. With nearly 300,000 people now receiving assistance across Lebanon the increasing influx of Syrian displaced has led to a growing crisis among Lebanese host communities struggling to http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/launch cope with the tremendous additional burden in an already harsh socio-economic environment. In 1 04/03/2013 Lebanon Lebanon LFS host communities UN UNDP ing-lebanese-host-communities- addition, the collapses of trade, decreased access to cross-border services, and associated support-programme%E2%80%9D increases in the cost of living have all dramatically affected the livelihoods of Lebanese communities. Robert Ford, the US ambassador to Syria, suggests that the US administration wants the opposition to defer any offer of dialogue until it has strengthened its military positions on the ground by making gains in Damascus. He remarked that the failure of the last rebel offensive against the capital did not mean the battle for Damascus was over.Ford added that opposition fighters were making fresh advances near the city center, and that he did not expect Assad to Al-akhbar http://english.al- survive for long.T hese views contradict recent speculation that Washington is coming round to 1 04/03/2013 Syria Syria scenarios All other Newspaper akhbar.com/content/us-not-relenting- viewing Assad’s regime as the “lesser of two evils” when compared to al-Nusra Front, the Salafi (English) %E2%80%9Cassad-must-go%E2%80%9D jihadist group seen as the most effective component of the armed opposition in Syria.Rather, the Arab diplomat was left with the impression that US policymakers hope groups like al-Nusra Front can be used to increase pressure on Assad to agree to a deal that strips him of power. In the meantime, Washington hopes to pursue something akin to a policy of “dual containment” against both the regime and al-Nusra Front. T he conflict has put pressure on the already precarious sectarian and ethnic balance in Iraq. Iraqi http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/iraq- 1 03/03/2013 Syria Syria armed violence all Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, a Shi'ite Muslim, says his government has a policy of non- International Media AlertNet shuts-border-post-after-syrian-rebels- interference in Syria, even though his interests are aligned with those of Iran. seize-frontier/ Iraq shut a border crossing with Syria on Sunday after rebels battling to overthrow Syrian President Bashar al-Assad seized the other side of the frontier post from his army. T he Iraqi army fired warning shots into the air late on Friday as Syrian insurgents fought government forces in the http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/iraq- 1 03/03/2013 Syria Syria armed violence all Syrian town of Yaarabiya and eventually seized the border post. Military sources said blast walls International Media AlertNet shuts-border-post-after-syrian-rebels- now blocked off the border crossing and employees had been evacuated, though both sides of the seize-frontier/ crossing were calm and there was no sign of Syrian troops or the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA) forces across the border. President Bashar al-Assad has insisted he will not step down and blasted Britain's support for his foes. We can engage in dialogue with the opposition, but we cannot engage in dialogue with terrorists," he said. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Political 1 03/03/2013 Syria Syria all International Media AFP republic/assad-defiant-foes-advance- Developments T he offer of talks was aired as UN chief Ban Ki-moon and his Syria envoy Lakhdar Brahimi said north-syria they were prepared to broker peace negotiations between Assad's regime and the opposition, after the two sides had proposed a dialogue. His visit focused on the Aleppo provincial election being held in the T urkish town of Gaziantep, the official said. It was held in T urkey for security reasons. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Political 1 03/03/2013 Syria Aleppo all International Media AFP republic/assad-defiant-foes-advance- Developments "For the first time, Aleppo will have a freely elected provincial council. We hope the whole of Syria north-syria will have a free election soon, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Elsewhere, two mortar rounds hit an area near Umayyad square in the heart of Damascus, state 1 03/03/2013 Syria Damascus armed violence all International Media AFP republic/assad-defiant-foes-advance- media said, reporting only material damage. north-syria http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- Political A new constitution adopted in February 2012 stipulates that he can run for the presidency twice 1 02/03/2013 Syria Syria all International Media AFP arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer- Developments from 2014, which means he could stay at the helm until 2028 if re-elected. warns-against-war-crimes On the ground, the army said on Saturday it seized control of a key road linking the central http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- province of Hama to Aleppo international airport. T he Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 1 02/03/2013 Syria Aleppo armed violence all International Media AFP arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer- this was significant because it will allow new troop deployments and supplies to reach the area surrounding the airport and nearby Nayrab military airbase. warns-against-war-crimes Fierce clashes also raged in the northern city of Raqa between rebels and troops, killing at least 26 fighters -- 16 rebels and 10 soldiers, Observatory chief Rami Abdel Rahman said. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- 1 02/03/2013 Syria Raqqa armed violence all International Media AFP arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer- T he Britain-based Observatory and activists said military helicopters strafed rebels in some parts of Raqa, which Abdel Rahman said was home to about 800,000 people displaced by violence warns-against-war-crimes elsewhere in Syria. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- T hey included two Palestinians hanged by rebels from trees at Yarmuk refugee camp in 1 02/03/2013 Syria Syria protection all International Media AFP arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer- Damascus on suspicion of aiding the regime, warns-against-war-crimes http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- T he Observatory said there had been clashes in the Quneitra area, with two rebels and an 1 02/03/2013 Syria Quneitra armed violence all International Media AFP arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer- unknown number of soldiers killed. warns-against-war-crimes http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- T hese children are some of the victims of a multiple cluster bomb attack launched on the arab-republic/%E2%80%98why- morning of Friday 1 March against a densely populated residential housing estate in Aleppo. the 1 02/03/2013 Syria Aleppo armed violence all NGO Amnesty world-doing-nothing%E2%80%99- Masaken Hanano district, to the east of the city centre. It was much worse than initial reports suggested. %E2%80%93-cluster-bomb-attack- syrian-army-aleppo On the Syrian side of the Assi River Basin, there are 15 majority Lebanese villages and another 20 that are mixed. T hese towns have become a battle zone as opposition fighters attempt to seize control of the area. T he media was buzzing with reports about battles between Hezbollah and opposition fighters in the villages of the Assi (Orontes) River Basin, where approximately 30,000 Lebanese citizens reside. After the opposition al-Nusra Front and the Farouq Brigades managed Al-akhbar http://english.al- to take control of several villages in the basin, the Lebanese villages began to organize 1 02/03/2013 Lebanon Lebanon protection All other Newspaper akhbar.com/content/frontline-battle- themselves into armed Popular Committees. Hussein (borrowed name), a 22-year-old fighter (English) syrias-lebanese-villages describes a recent battle where 300 opposition fighters attacked them using 14 heavy machine guns mounted on the back of pickup trucks. Residents of the nearby village of Aqrabieh – where Lebanese constitute 18 percent of the population – tell of the dozens of kidnappings and murders in the surrounding villages.T he worst case was the kidnapping of over 300 residents of the majority Christian village of Rableh during the apple picking season. According to figures from the Syrian Ministry of Education, the cost of schools' rehabilitation in rural Damascus alone where 200 were destroyed reached 60 million Syrian pounds. About the same number applies to Homs, while no clear figures for the rest of the regions. T he ministry's statistics revealed that the percentage of school-time enrollment for the first semester amounted to 74 percent, where it succeeded in many regions like Alwa'er in Homs, Aljoora in Deir-ez-Zor and http://www.assafir.com/Article.aspx?Ed other areas in rural Damascus in opening schools and providing teahers, books, and Assafir 1 02/03/2013 Syria Syria education All other itionID=2400&ChannelID=57734&Article administrative personnel. Some schools have succeeded in adapting to the new situation by Newspaper finding two time shifts or transfering their headquarters, especially in the case of private schools, ID=171 to safer areas. T he schools of Damascus are overcrowded after receiving many students from many hotspots. In light of the current crisis, universities in turn were forced to adapt to the new situation and move their headquarters to the heart of the capital, especially those located on the road to Damascus-Daraa, after the fall of several shells on the premises and the interruption of access roads. Other universities on the road to Damascus- Homs remained in their locations, Telecoms http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 01/03/2013 Syria Aleppo Access all numerous bombings of telecommunications facilities within the city of Aleppo, NGO sans republic/tsf-syria-8-hospitals- Frontiers connected http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- "In heavily affected areas such as Aleppo and Deir Ezzor, reaching some hospitals is also a 1 01/03/2013 Syria Syria Health all Red cross movement ICRC republic/timely-access-health-care- challenge. services-matter-life-or-death Significant numbers of people, many of whom were previously selfreliant, can no longer meet their http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 01/03/2013 Syria Syria trend all basic needs, particularly in the conflict-affected UN UNRWA s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie areas of Rif Damascus Governorate, Aleppo and Dera'a. w.pdf Currently, there are some 12,000 internally-displaced people (IDPs) sheltering in http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 01/03/2013 Syria Syria displacement shelter UNRWA-managed facilities in Syria, of which nearly 9,000 are in UNRWA buildings UN UNRWA s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie (e.g. schools and training centres) being used as make-shift emergency shelters. w.pdf Intensive clashes and shelling continued in all areas surrounding Yarmouk with several shells again landing within the camp. Security forces still control access to the camp, occasionally closing off access through Yarmouk Street. Less than 40 per cent of refugees remain in the camp. Insecurity persists in camps throughout Damascus/Rif Damascus Governorate including Sbeineh, Seyeda Zaynab, and Husseiniyah where about half of the http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 01/03/2013 Syria Damascus armed violence Palestinian refugees residents have left to seek safety. T he situation is worsening in Khan Dannoun UN UNRWA s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie camp which is now overcrowded as more displaced refugees arrive from other areas w.pdf amidst reports of clashes in the vicinity of the camp. Clashes and shelling continued in Khan Sheikh camp, Douma, Qaboun, and Barzeh. UNRWA is deeply concerned about the conduct of armed conflict in residential areas including in the in the immediate vicinity of schools, which places children at extreme risk of death and injury. T he situation remains volatile in Aleppo with continued clashes in the city, especially in the vicinity of the Old City. T here are reports that some refugees were fleeing http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i 1 01/03/2013 Syria Aleppo armed violence Palestinian refugees from Neirab to Ein El T al camp where the situation is relatively calm. UNRWA UN UNRWA nt/files/resources/email%20%3A%2 remains gravely concerned over increasingly restricted access to Neirab, where the 0Webview.pdf Agency's facilities remain operational. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Sporadic shelling and clashes persist in Dera'a town, as well as Mzerieb and Jillien 1 01/03/2013 Syria Dara'a armed violence Palestinian refugees UN UNRWA s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie villages. w.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 01/03/2013 Syria Homs armed violence Palestinian refugees T here have been reports of shelling close to Homs town but the camp remains calm UN UNRWA s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie w.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 01/03/2013 Syria Hama armed violence Palestinian refugees The situation remains calm and UNRWA facilities are operational. UN UNRWA s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie w.pdf At least 40 families from Neirab camp have sought safety in the camp in Lattakia. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 01/03/2013 Syria Lattakia armed violence Palestinian refugees T here is a marked increase in the army presence around the camp. UNRWA UN UNRWA s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie facilities remain operational. w.pdf T he volatile situation in Syria has led to an increase in the number of Palestine refugees fleeing to Lebanon, now approximately 32,000 individuals. In Lebanon, http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 01/03/2013 Lebanon Lebanon armed violence Palestinian refugees Palestine refugees from Syria are dispersed in Saida (30 per cent), northern UN UNRWA s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie Lebanon (15 per cent), Beqa'a (23 per cent), central Lebanon Area (17 per cent) w.pdf and T yre (15 per cent). T welve civilians, including four members of one family, from the same Damascus district were http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- killed under torture in prison after their arrest, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported on 1 28/02/2013 Syria Syria protection all International Media AFP republic/12-syrian-detainees-killed- T hursday. T here is no exact number of detainees because we don't know what happens after their under-torture-ngo arrest. Over 200,000 people have been taken prisoner, but we don't know how many were killed, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Some 5,000 refugees are fleeing Syria every day, 36 per cent more than were leaving in December republic/syria-crisis-spiralling-out- 1 28/02/2013 regional Region displacement refugees NGO OXFAM last year. control-flood-refugees-overwhelming- aid http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- republic/syria-crisis-spiralling-out- 1 28/02/2013 Jordan Jordan displacement refugees T his month, Jordan recorded its highest-ever figure, with more than 50,000 new arrivals. NGO OXFAM control-flood-refugees-overwhelming- aid http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In Jordan, more than 120,000 refugees are officially registered at the sprawling Zaatari desert republic/syria-crisis-spiralling-out- 1 28/02/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp displacement refugees camp, near the Syrian border. T he camp, the size of a large city, is almost full to capacity. T he NGO OXFAM control-flood-refugees-overwhelming- massive influx Is already creating tensions and conflict over sparse resources. aid http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- republic/syria-crisis-spiralling-out- 1 28/02/2013 Jordan Jordan displacement refugees T he Jordanian government is planning to open at least two new camps to house the refugees. NGO OXFAM control-flood-refugees-overwhelming- aid T he river Euphrates runs through Deir Ez-Zor, splitting the city. Mass destruction of the bridges http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- British Red 1 28/02/2013 Syria Deir Ezzor Access all has made it harder to distribute aid. Undeterred, volunteers use a boat to take relief items across Red cross movement republic/aid-syria-truck-boat-or-horse- Cross the river: and-cart T he situation I witnessed in Karameh is dire. T he camp hosts around 4,500 people, made up of mostly women and children. Although some aid has been delivered previously, violence and the difficulty of access has limited our response. T he needs are great and people lack even the most basic of supplies. T here are some tents that shelter displaced families but very http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- few heaters, which quickly run out of 1 28/02/2013 Syria Aleppo displacement IDPs UN UNICEF republic/children-syria-unicef-update- fuel. Families lack the basics: food, clean water, blankets, clothes, and 28-february-2013 latrines. Women and children, who have lost everything, are enduring harsh living conditions, including a cold winter. T his camp has only eight toilets, which is nowhere near enough to meet the needs of thousands of people. T he lack of sanitation facilities and their poor condition are placing children, in particular, at extremely high risk of disease. T he Council today extended all EU sanctions against the Syrian regime for a further three months. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Political 1 28/02/2013 Syria Syria all At the same time, it amended the arms embargo so as to allow for the provision of non-lethal other EU republic/eu-sanctions-against-syrian- Developments equipment and technical assistance for the protection of civilians . regime-extended Every day, an average of eight children are born as refugees in Za’atari, Health workers are particularly concerned at the high number of Syrian teenage girls, as young as 14, who arrive http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/mothers 1 28/02/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Health refugees UN UNICEF pregnant and give birth in the camp. T raditional early marriages – and giving birth at a young age -zaatari-camp-jordan – can cause long-term health problems for young mothers. Approximately 65,000 people in Aleppo, Homs, and Idlib governorates benefited from deliveries of humanitarian assistance organized by U.N agencies across lines of conflict http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i between January 31 and February 18, as the U.N. continued to nt/files/resources/Syria%20Comple 1 28/02/2013 Syria Syria response all Donor USAID accelerate its response in x%20Emergency%20Fact%20Sheet Syria. From February 9 to 22, assistance from the U.N. %20%2310.pdf Children’s Fund (UNICEF), a USG partner, benefited approximately 223,000 people in seven governorates. From February 20 to 25, nearly 16,000 Syrian refugees—primarily from Dar’a, Homs, and Rif http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i Damascus nt/files/resources/Syria%20Comple 1 28/02/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp displacement all Donor USAID governorates—arrived in Jordan’s Za’atri camp, bringing the total number of February arrivals to x%20Emergency%20Fact%20Sheet approximately 60,000. %20%2310.pdf On February 14, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) assessed the nature and extent of human trafficking within Syrian refugee communities in Domiz camp by conducting interviews with Syrian refugees and http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i government and humanitarian partners. Based on IOM’s preliminary assessment, international, nt/files/resources/Syria%20Comple 1 28/02/2013 Iraq Domiz camp protection all organized trafficking in Donor USAID persons does not appear to be occurring in the context of Syrian displacement; however, IOM was x%20Emergency%20Fact%20Sheet advised of issues %20%2310.pdf and trends which indicate increasing abuse of positions of vulnerability, such as women entering into marriages for a lower dowry than would have been expected in Syria T he total number of Syrian refugee children enrolled in Lebanese http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/lebano 1 28/02/2013 Lebanon Lebanon education refugees public schools has gone up from 24,000 in January to 25,700 by the UN UNHCR n-un-inter-agency-response-syrian- end of February; refugees-february-2013 http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/lebano Most Syrian refugees who registered with us in February arrived from Homs, Idleb, Damascus and 1 28/02/2013 Lebanon Lebanon displacement refugees UN UNHCR n-un-inter-agency-response-syrian- Aleppo. refugees-february-2013 Heavy shelling and sniper shooting during last week in Khat al Pertol, north Lebanon, resulted in the death of two people, one injury and serious damage of approximately ten houses. http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/lebano UNHCR and partners are in close touch with refugees in the affected areas to ensure their safety 1 28/02/2013 Lebanon Lebanon protection refugees UN UNHCR n-un-inter-agency-response-syrian- and have refugees-february-2013 previously offered to relocate them. Many however, continue to prefer to remain in those areas due to their proximity to Syria. T o meet the needs of the large influx of refugees in the Za’atari camp, which is home to tens of thousands of refugees, half of them children, UNICEF is building a second school to educate http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/after- another 5,000 children. winter-break-and-heavy-rains-back- 1 27/02/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp education children UN UNICEF school-za%E2%80%99atari-refugee- A third is needed, but a lack of funds means over 5,000 children won’t be able to go to school in camp-jordan Za’atari – if money is not forthcoming. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- he noted that there had been recent successes in gaining access in the Homs and Aleppo UN News 1 27/02/2013 Syria Syria Access all UN republic/un-officials-stress-urgent- governorates, Service need-funds-help-syrians-affected-crisis Also briefing the Council today was the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Hawa Bangura, who warned of reports of the systematic use of sexual violence not just against women but also against men, boys and girls. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- She told reporters that sexual violence is now “widespread” and is triggering a huge displacement UN News 1 27/02/2013 Syria Syria protection all UN republic/un-officials-stress-urgent- of people who cite fear of this type of violence as the reason for leaving their homes. Service need-funds-help-syrians-affected-crisis Ms. Bangura also said many men reported that sexual violence is being used by Government forces as a technique to solicit information, while there have also been reports of many families at the brink of destitution that have given up their daughters for marriage. Fierce battles pitting Syria's army against rebels rocked towns near Damascus on Wednesday as http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- the regime renewed its campaign to suppress the insurgency around the capital, Army tanks 1 27/02/2013 Syria Rif Damascus armed violence All International Media AFP republic/battles-rock-damascus- pounded the rebel-held town of Daraya southwest of Damascus, said the Syrian Observatory for province-ngo Human Rights, while fresh clashes broke out in Irbin, northeast of the city. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- State television reported meanwhile that "two mortar rounds fell near the Faculty of Literature in 1 27/02/2013 Syria Damascus armed violence all International Media AFP republic/battles-rock-damascus- Damascus", without elaborating. province-ngo http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Clashes over the academy have raged for the past week, as insurgents have been attempting to 1 27/02/2013 Syria Aleppo armed violence all International Media AFP republic/battles-rock-damascus- seize one of the last regime bastions in the northern province of Aleppo. province-ngo A stray mortar shell landed Wednesday in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, the army said. It was the first time in nearly three months that a shell had slammed into the Israeli side of the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Golan, without causing injuries or damage. Such incidents have been sporadic but have 1 27/02/2013 Syria Quneitra armed violence all International Media AFP republic/shell-hits-golan-injured- increased over the past six months as violence from the civil war in Syria spilled across the syrians-leave-israeli-hospital ceasefire line. Israel seized the Golan from Syria in the 1967 Six-Day War and annexed it in 1981, in a move never recognised by the international community. T urkish officials estimate that there are over 100,000 non-camp Syrians living in various provinces mainly Gaziantep, Kilis, Hatay and Sanliurfa. Local authorities informed UNHCR that non-camp Syrians are registered/enumarated in coordination centers in Gaziantep and Kilis managed jointly by AFAD and Governorates. In these Centers, Syrians are issued an ID card which give them access to medical assistance as well as assistance mechanisms provided through the sub http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- 1 27/02/2013 Turkey Turkey displacement refugees governorates. In Gaziantep, an estimated 6,000 non-camp Syrias are registered with the UN UNHCR turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-27-feb-2013 coordination centre and more than 25,000 are pending registration appointments. Similar centers are also intended to be opened in Sanliurfa and Osmaniya. Despite the openning of the two new sites Nizip-2 and Adana/Saricam, the shortage in capacity to accommodate the new arrivals continues to be a main challenge. While some additional sites are under construction the authorities are also in serach of available space in different cities. As per information from Regional MFA Representative, the number of Syrians in IDP camps on the Syrian side of the border (Hatay and Kilis) have increased and is estimated to be about 50,000. http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- 1 27/02/2013 Syria Aleppo displacement IDPs UN UNHCR Reportedly 10,000 Syrians are across Kilis border while some 40,000 are across Hatay borders of turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-27-feb-2013 Reyhanli, Yayladagi and Altinozu towns. As the Syrian conflict approaches the end of its second year, authorities in neighboring T urkey http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/turkey- have set up schools for refugee children. Most schools are in camps where some 200,000 Syrian Voice of 1 27/02/2013 Turkey Turkey education refugees NGO provides-schools-syrian-refugee- refugees now live. But for the thousands who are living in apartments or with extended family, no America children schooling was available until recently. T urkish and Qatari support for Syrian insurgents is tantamount to a declaration of war against Iraq, which will suffer from the fallout of an increasingly sectarian conflict next door, an Iraqi Shi'ite http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/refile- 1 27/02/2013 Iraq Iraq scenarios all politician said. "Presenting money and weapons to al Qaeda (in Syria) by Qatar and T urkey is a International Media AlertNet interview-backers-of-syrian-rebels- declaration of armed action against Iraq," Amiri told Reuters in an interview this week. "T hese endanger-iraq--iraqi-minister weapons will reach Iraqi chests for sure." At least 10,000 refugees arrive in Jordan in last 72 hours. Jeffrey Feltman, UN under secretary- general, said on T uesday that a record 150,000 people fled Syria this month to escape the http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middlee 1 27/02/2013 Jordan Jordan displacement all International Media Al Jazeera worsening conflict now trapped in a "destructive military spiral". T here are now 413,000 Syrian ast/2013/02/201322781923778518.html refugees in Jordan, a number the UN expects to reach 500,000 as early as the end of next month. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T he Syrian government launched at least four ballistic missiles that struck populated areas in the 1 26/02/2013 Syria Aleppo armed violence all NGO HRW republic/unlawful-missile-attacks-kill- city of Aleppo and a town in Aleppo governorate during the week of February 17 more-140 Fierce clashes raged on T uesday inside the historic Umayyad Mosque in Syria's second city http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Aleppo, as rebels battled troops at a police academy elsewhere in the province. Elsewhere in 1 26/02/2013 Syria Aleppo armed violence all International Media AFP republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque- Aleppo province, rebels pushed into the grounds of a major police academy and seized one of its syrias-aleppo buildings after a fierce two-day siege in which more than 70 combatants were killed Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 26/02/2013 Syria Aleppo armed violence all Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city International Media AFP republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque- of Deir Ezzor. syrias-aleppo Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 26/02/2013 Syria Dara'a armed violence all Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city International Media AFP republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque- of Deir Ezzor. syrias-aleppo Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 26/02/2013 Syria Idleb armed violence all Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city International Media AFP republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque- of Deir Ezzor. syrias-aleppo Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 26/02/2013 Syria Deir Ezzor armed violence all Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city International Media AFP republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque- of Deir Ezzor. syrias-aleppo Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 26/02/2013 Syria Raqqa armed violence all Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city International Media AFP republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque- of Deir Ezzor. syrias-aleppo http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- “Reports are revealing that the conflict in Syria is increasingly marked by rape and sexual violence UN News republic/displacement-syria-giving- 1 26/02/2013 Syria Syria protection all employed as a weapon of war to intimidate parties to the conflict destroying identity, dignity and UN Service way-serious-gender-based-crimes- the social fabrics of families and communities.” warns-un Ms. Feller said children are also exposed to many risks when they are forced to leave their homes, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- including early marriage, torture while in detention, and other forms of exploitation in refugee UN News republic/displacement-syria-giving- 1 26/02/2013 Syria Syria protection Children UN camps and settlements. She also stressed that support for victims is often inadequate, and Service way-serious-gender-based-crimes- access to justice is very limited, increasing impunity for perpetrators. warns-un Reports are revealing that the conflict in Syria is increasingly marked by rape and sexual violence employed as a weapon of war to intimidate parties to the conflict destroying identity, dignity and http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- the social fabrics of families and communities. Ms. Feller said children are also exposed to many UN News republic/displacement-syria-giving- 1 26/02/2013 Syria Syria protection all risks when they are forced to leave their homes, including early marriage, torture while in UN Service way-serious-gender-based-crimes- detention, and other forms of exploitation in refugee camps and settlements. She also stressed that support for victims is often inadequate, and access to justice is very limited, increasing warns-un impunity for perpetrators. AFP reports that a new jihadist group, Ahrar al Sham, has emerged as a key player in northern http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Syria, espousing its nationalist roots s/resources/Complex%20Coverage%2 1 26/02/2013 Syria Syria stakeholders all and a more moderate form of Islam. Operating in Idlib, Aleppo, and central Hama, the group Other CFC 0Review%2026%20February%202013. comprises former political prisoners who were detained in the infamous Sednaya prison near Damascus. pdf Meanwhile, Iran and Hezbollah are building a network of militias http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file inside Syria to fight alongside Syrian government forces in order to support the Assad s/resources/Complex%20Coverage%2 1 26/02/2013 Syria Syria stakeholders all government, according to T he Guardian. A Other CFC 0Review%2026%20February%202013. senior US government official cited Iranian claims that T ehran was backing as many as 50,000 militiamen in Syria pdf At Bab al Salama displacement camp in northern Syria, more than 10,000 Syrians are struggling to survive, according to VOA. T he http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file size of the tent city has blossomed in recent months as violence has continued. Most people in s/resources/Complex%20Coverage%2 1 26/02/2013 Syria Aleppo displacement all Other CFC the camp are waiting to be relocated to 0Review%2026%20February%202013. T urkey, but the process to enter has slowed. T hose living in the camp, report lack of food, pdf medical assistance, and sanitation. Between 5 February and 14February 2013, a total of 253 new cases of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- cutaneous leishmaniasis were reported republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 25/02/2013 Syria Deir Ezzor Health all UN WHO through the Early Warning Alert and turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt- Response System (EWARS). Of these situation-0 166 cases were reported in the DeirEzzor governorate. 146 new cases of suspected hepatitis were reported. 62% of the cases were http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- aged five and above. Most cases have republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 25/02/2013 Syria Syria Health all UN WHO been reported from Deir-Ezzor (31 turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt- cases), rural Damascus (26 cases) and situation-0 Idleb (21 cases). http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 70 new cases of suspected typhoid republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 25/02/2013 Syria Syria Health all fever were reported in Mayadeen, UN WHO turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt- Deir-Ezzor governorate. situation-0 T he Ministry of Health and Ministry of Higher Education have reported a severe medicine shortage in health facilities, in particular intra-venous http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- fluids and albumin. T he functioning republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 25/02/2013 Syria Syria Health all hospitals continue to be overwhelmed UN WHO turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt- with patients and suffer from severe shortage in medicines and supplies. 57% of public hospitals have been situation-0 damaged and 36% are no longer functional. 78% of public ambulances have been damaged Electricity cuts and fuel shortages continue to affect health care delivery in Aleppo. It is reported that regular http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- power cuts are afflicting all health republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 25/02/2013 Syria Aleppo Health all UN WHO facilities, which are struggling to provide turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt- the needed services such as laboratory situation-0 diagnostics, X-ray, ultrasound, cardiac monitoring etc. T he continued influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan has had a serious impact on the local health system. T he http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- refugee camp is reaching its full capacity re 1 25/02/2013 Jordan Jordan Health all and health services are overstretched UN WHO inside and outside the camp. Health facilities have to provide services to both the local and Syrian refugees with the caseload continuing to increase. Various assessments and reports confirmed the increasing vulnerability of the population inside communal shelters but more notably outside the shelters. Social http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file and protection needs are on the rise among women and children in particular 1 26/01/2013 Syria Syria Displacement all UN OCHA s/resources/SYR_dashboard_130126.p (e.g. domestic violence, separation of children, child labour, early marriage, sexual df harassment and abuse, drop out of schools, lack of access to basic services, psycho--social needs). Bloodstained clothes, charred facades of homes and collapsed buildings show the intensity of the fighting between the army and residents of the Druze mountain in southern Syria and the rebels of Daraa. It was only the latest chapter of an undeclared war between the loyalist province and its rebel neighbour Daraa, known as the "cradle" of the uprising against President Bashar al- Assad for the first mass protests of March 2011. Abductions of Druze officials in Daraa were http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- 1 25/01/2013 Syria Syria Armed violence All rampant in May and June, prompting the inhabitants of Sweida to respond in kind, leaving behind International media AFP arab-republic/loyalist-sweida-rebel- a palpable distrust between the provinces, though Sweida hosts some 9,000 displaced people of daraa-wage-war-syria Daraa. T he two provinces are diametrically opposed in the current conflict. If Daraa chose rebellion, Sweida is firmly in regime hands. Bloodstained clothes, charred facades of homes and collapsed buildings show the intensity of the fighting between the army and residents of the Druze mountain in southern Syria and the rebels of Daraa. It was only the latest chapter of an undeclared war between the loyalist province and its rebel neighbour Daraa, known as the "cradle" of the uprising against President Bashar al- Assad for the first mass protests of March 2011. Abductions of Druze officials in Daraa were http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- 1 25/01/2013 Syria Syria Armed violence All rampant in May and June, prompting the inhabitants of Sweida to respond in kind, leaving behind International media AFP arab-republic/loyalist-sweida-rebel- a palpable distrust between the provinces, though Sweida hosts some 9,000 displaced people of daraa-wage-war-syria Daraa. T he two provinces are diametrically opposed in the current conflict. If Daraa chose rebellion, Sweida is firmly in regime hands. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Humanitarian and developmental aid agencies in Syria say international sanctions against the 1 25/01/2013 Syria Syria access all International media IRIN republic/sanctions-hit-humanitarian- country have made their operations harder. aid-syria the sanctions regime has had significant economic repercussions beyond the Syrian state and http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- government." 1 25/01/2013 Syria Syria LFS aLL International media IRIN republic/sanctions-hit-humanitarian- aid-syria M will begin a Returnees Profiling and Registration Project. The project aims to improve the knowledge on the extent and http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 25/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon Displacement returnees patterns of displaced populations UN IOM s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res and their ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf exposure to protection risks through the collection of demographics and socio- economic indicators. From the assessed households, 11% of refugee households as opposed to 25% of returnee http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 25/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Displacement refugees households UN IOM s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res were classified as Female Headed Households. ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf From the assessed households, 11% of refugee households as opposed to 25% of returnee http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 25/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Displacement returnees households UN IOM s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res were classified as Female Headed Households. ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf Report findings indicate that 71% of Syrian refugees as opposed to 94% of Iraqi returnees http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 25/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Shelter returnees reported to live UN IOM s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res in durable shelters. ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T he UNICEF mission to T artous, in the west of the country, reported that there are currently republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 2 25/01/2013 Syria Tartous Displacement IDPs 25,000 UN UNICEF humanitarian-situation-report-syria- displaced families registered in the area, jordan-2 In Adraa, in Rural Damascus, UNICEF and NGO partner HELP are providing water and sanitation http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- support to approximately 25,000 especially vulnerable displaced persons residing in semi- republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 Syria Rural Damascus Displacement IDPs UN UNICEF completed humanitarian-situation-report-syria- high rise buildings in an industrial area. Some 300,000 persons reside in the complex. T jordan-2 Children in Syria continue to face serious protection challenges, including killing and http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- maiming. Many children have experienced violence and displacement, creating massive needs in republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection children UN UNICEF terms humanitarian-situation-report-syria- of psychosocial support and mine risk education. jordan-2 According to the Ministry of Education (MoE), 2,400 schools have been damaged across all governorates, and a further 1,960 are being used as shelters. Access to school is severely affected, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- especially in Aleppo, Idleb, Dara’a, Homs, Hama, and rural Damascus. Officials in Homs republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 Syria Syria education all estimate that UN UNICEF humanitarian-situation-report-syria- enrolment rates remain relatively high, at 80 per cent, but actual attendance rates cannot be verified. Currently, approximately 14 per cent of schools in Homs governorate are estimated to be jordan-2 completely out of service According to the Ministry of Education (MoE), 2,400 schools have been damaged across all governorates, and a further 1,960 are being used as shelters. Access to school is severely affected, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- especially in Aleppo, Idleb, Dara’a, Homs, Hama, and rural Damascus. Officials in Homs republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 Syria Homs education all estimate that UN UNICEF humanitarian-situation-report-syria- enrolment rates remain relatively high, at 80 per cent, but actual attendance rates cannot be verified. Currently, approximately 14 per cent of schools in Homs governorate are estimated to be jordan-2 completely out of service According to local sources in T artous, half of the 1,400 schools in the area are housing displaced http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- persons. In spite of this, classes are still being held in an attempt to continue the education of republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 Syria Tartous education all displaced UN UNICEF humanitarian-situation-report-syria- children. An estimated 30,000 displaced children are registered in schools in the governorate, with the jordan-2 majority of displaced persons residing in coastal areas and Mashta Elhu. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In response to the increasing influx of refugees, the Government of Lebanon has republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon Displacement all UN UNICEF authorised the establishment of two transit centres, each for up to 5,000 people. humanitarian-situation-report-syria- jordan-2 A UNICEFfunded WASH assessment in the Bekaa Valley conducted in December 2012 found that 40 per-cent of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- households assessed were either pending registration or were not registered with UNHCR at all. republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon Displacement Refugees Less UN UNICEF humanitarian-situation-report-syria- than 3 per cent of refugees are living in camps or collective shelters, while 27 per cent of refugees are jordan-2 living with host families – mainly concentrated in the poorest areas of the country. T he sustained high influx of refugees to Za’atari remains a great strain on current WASH facilities http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- in the republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 Jordan Jordan WASH Camp Refugees UN UNICEF camp. Currently, latrine coverage is estimated at roughly one latrine for 50 refugees. Due to high humanitarian-situation-report-syria- mobility within the camp, however, some modules are receiving heavier usage than others. jordan-2 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Lack of capacity to accommodate additional refugees remains a major challenge. T he republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly- 1 25/01/2013 Turkey Turkey Displacement Refugees Government of T urkey is providing additional family tents, and more are planned for camps in UN UNICEF humanitarian-situation-report-syria- Kahramanmaras. jordan-2 troops bombarded western rebel districts of Homs, T he Syrian Revolution General Authority, a http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 24/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence All network of opposition activists on the ground, said regime troops used heavy artillery and clashed International media AFP republic/assad-joins-damascus- with the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA) in an attempt to storm the west side of the city. prayers-army-bombards-homs http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- WHO has designated the crisis in the republic/health-response-crisis-syrian- 1 24/01/2013 Syria Syria Health All Syrian Arab Republic and neighbouring countries UN WHO arab-republic-and-neighbouring- a Grade 3 countries http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Communicable diseases being reported through republic/health-response-crisis-syrian- 1 24/01/2013 Syria Syria Health All the Early Warning and Response System include UN WHO arab-republic-and-neighbouring- influenza, acute diarrhoea and hepatitis. countries T he provision of mental healthcare remains a http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- challenge, with a severe shortage of psychiatrists republic/health-response-crisis-syrian- 1 24/01/2013 Syria Syria Health All UN WHO in the country and increased needs for referral to arab-republic-and-neighbouring- mental health treatment and care. countries A UN official told the BBC that up to 3,000 were arriving every day and at least 50,000 were waiting to cross. T he UN refugee council (UNHCR) said on Wednesday that more than 26,500 Syrian refugees had crossed into Jordan since 1 January, with more than 10,500 new arrivals in http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world- 1 24/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Displacement Refugees International media BBC the past five days alone. middle-east-21179835 T hat compared with 16,413 arriving in December; 13,000 in November and 10,000 in October. Hand-held transceivers help residents to communicate and also keep track of impending attacks http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- in absence of other means. 1 23/01/2013 Syria Syria Logistics all International media Al Jazeera republic/walkie-talkies-lifeline-wartime- syria http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Syria Armed violence children T he Observatory has previously reported more than 3,500 child deaths in Syria's conflict. International media AFP republic/fighting-rages-syria-russia- lashes-out-opposition In Ras al-Ain, in the Kurdish northeast, battles raged between Kurdish militia and Islamist rebels, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Al-Rakka Armed violence all the Observatory said, adding that more than 58 people have been killed in a week of fierce fighting International media AFP republic/fighting-rages-syria-russia- there. lashes-out-opposition T he developments came as Human Rights Watch warned that rebel groups appeared to have http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection all destroyed or allowed the looting of minority religious sites in northern Syria, Shiite Muslim and International media AFP republic/fighting-rages-syria-russia- Christian targets lashes-out-opposition 6 out of 13 public hospitals (46%) in the Syrian Arab Republic governorate of Homs are out of service, including the main public hospital. 25 out of 220 health centres (11%) in Homs are out of service. T his is double the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- amount of out-of-service republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Homs Health all centres on a national level. Due to the non-functional health centres, the local population is UN WHO lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report- facing great difficulty in obtaining essential health care assistance. Al-Birr hospital, a private hospital issue-9-23 operated by a local charity, is fully functional and serving poor and internally displaced people free of charge. T his is currently the only functional hospital in Homs. 20 000 Lebanese who have returned from the Syrian Arab http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Republic are in urgent need for shelter and humanitarian republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 23/01/2013 Lebanon Lebanon shelter Lebanese migrants UN WHO assistance, according to the Lebanese Ministry of Social lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report- Affairs issue-9-23 Pregnancies/deliveries among women of childbearing age, premature births, and war trauma http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- among adult WHO has completed a rapid assessment for people republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 23/01/2013 Lebanon Lebanon Health Refugees males remain top conditions for hospital admissions. 23% of all hospital admissions are with UN WHO lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report- pregnancy-related disabilities in Al-Qa’im and Domiz camps. issue-9-23 conditions. Around 45 000 refugees living in camps are treated through 4 health centres established within the camps. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- medical centres republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 23/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Health Refugees UN WHO and nearby hospitals. However, health service delivery to populations outside the camps lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report- remains a issue-9-23 challenge, especially for patients with chronic illnesses since these patients require longer-term treatment. Bad weather conditions and flooding have caused two out of six health facilities to temporarily http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- shut down. republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 23/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Health Camp Refugees UN WHO However, health services continue to be provided within the camp. lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report- issue-9-23 T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2 million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years. Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates, including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil production in Dara'a. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Syria LFS All Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent UN FAO republic/syrian-agricultural-production- reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel. drops-massively-conflict-continues T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers. T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack of fuel for irrigation pumps. Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions. T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb. T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2 million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years. Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates, including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil production in Dara'a. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Homs LFS All Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent UN FAO republic/syrian-agricultural-production- reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel. drops-massively-conflict-continues T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers. T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack of fuel for irrigation pumps. Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions. T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb. T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2 million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years. Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates, including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil production in Dara'a. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Dara'a LFS All Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent UN FAO republic/syrian-agricultural-production- reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel. drops-massively-conflict-continues T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers. T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack of fuel for irrigation pumps. Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions. T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb. T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2 million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years. Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates, including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil production in Dara'a. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Idleb LFS All Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent UN FAO republic/syrian-agricultural-production- reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel. drops-massively-conflict-continues T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers. T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack of fuel for irrigation pumps. Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions. T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb. T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2 million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years. Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates, including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil production in Dara'a. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/01/2013 Syria Hama LFS All Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent UN FAO republic/syrian-agricultural-production- reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel. drops-massively-conflict-continues T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers. T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack of fuel for irrigation pumps. Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions. T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- Armed opposition groups appeared to have deliberately destroyed religious sites in mixed areas 1 23/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection all of Northern Syria, in November and December 2012, Human Rights Watch said following NGO HRW arab-republic/attacks-religious- investigations in Latakia and Idlib governorates. sites-raise-tensions But the opposition Syrian National Coalition warned following talks in Istanbul that it would pressure the UN to stop the delivery of any form of aid to the Assad regime. T he participants http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- 1 22/01/2013 Syria Syria stakeholders all decided to form a committee to move diplomatically and pressure the United Nations to stop International media AFP arab-republic/syria-car-bomb-kills- delivery of any aid, approved under a plan to respond to Syria humanitarian needs last month, to 30-separate-blast-rocks-capital the official Syrian institutions, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- T he suicide bombing that targeted a building used by pro-regime militiamen in Salmiyeh, a town 1 22/01/2013 Syria Hama Armed violence all International media AFP arab-republic/syria-car-bomb-kills- in the central province of Hama, killed more than 30 people, 30-separate-blast-rocks-capital over time, security forces withdrew to concentrate elsewhere. Kurdish groups stepped in to http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 22/01/2013 Syria Syria stakeholders Kurds replace them: to stake out zones of influence, protect their respective areas, provide essential NGO ICG republic/syria%E2%80%99s-kurds- services and ensure an improved status for the community in a post-Assad Syria. struggle-within-struggle Syria’s Kurds inhabit lands close to the T urkish and Iraqi borders, though several cities in other parts of the country, in particular Damascus and Aleppo, also have large Kurdish constituencies. Partly co-opted by the regime, which developed its own Kurdish clients by tolerating some http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- political and paramilitary activism (as long as it was directed against T urkey) and criminal activity 1 22/01/2013 Syria Syria baseline Kurds NGO ICG republic/syria%E2%80%99s-kurds- (mostly smuggling), Syria’s Kurds also have seethed under systemic discrimination and struggle-within-struggle repression. Among the more egregious forms of inequity, some 300,000 of them – roughly 15 per cent of the estimated two million total – remain stateless, living in a legal vacuum and deprived of fundamental rights. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Shortly after the uprising broke out, the PYD, which had been encamped with the PKK in northern 1 22/01/2013 Syria Syria stakeholders Kurds NGO ICG republic/syria%E2%80%99s-kurds- Iraq’s mountains, returned to Syria, bringing along a contingent of fighters. struggle-within-struggle a'atri camp has experienced a massive increase in arrival numbers, with 8,821 Syrian refugees crossing the borders in the past 5 days. Refugees have arrived throughout the night and long into http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr- 1 22/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Displacement Refugees the day marking a significant change from earlier trends when the norm was for people to arrive at UN UNHCR further-scaling-syria-refugee- night. UNHCR estimates that 21,000 people in need of protection have crossed into Jordan since operations-crisis-grows 1 January, with new arrivals reporting increasing desperation for safety. UNHCR staff, NGOs and outreach workers have noticed a significant increase in the needs of urban refugees over the past couple of months, as the situation becomes more prolonged and as http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr- people struggle to support their families. Many refugees are living in poorly insulated rooftop 1 22/01/2013 Jordan Jordan shelter Refugees UN UNHCR further-scaling-syria-refugee- shelters and basement studios. It is not unusual to find several families crammed into a small operations-crisis-grows apartment. Many are surviving on the generosity of Jordanian neighbours, who have limited resources themselves. http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr- T he Government of Jordan estimates over 300,000 Syrians have entered the country in the past 22 1 22/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Displacement Refugees UN UNHCR further-scaling-syria-refugee- months, of which 245,000 are accommodated in host communities. operations-crisis-grows http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr- 1 22/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Displacement Refugees In Iraq, women and children make up approximately 52 per cent of the Syrian refugee population. UN UNHCR further-scaling-syria-refugee- operations-crisis-grows Close to 90 per cent of Syrian refugees arrived in 2012. One third of the refugees come from http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr- 1 22/01/2013 regional Regional Displacement Refugees Homs, with the remaining originating from Aleppo, As Suweida, Damascus City, Dara, Deir-ez-zor, UN UNHCR further-scaling-syria-refugee- Hama, Hassakeh, Idleb, Lattakia, Quneitra, Raqqa, Rural Damascus and T artous. operations-crisis-grows http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/over- More than 12,000 Syrians, mostly women and children, have sought refuge in Jordan in the past 1 22/01/2013 Syria Syria Displacement Refugees International media AFP 12000-syrians-flee-jordan-six-days- six days govt France will host on Monday, January 28, a working meeting in support of the Syrian National Coalition. This meeting, which will be opened by the minister of foreign affairs, will take place in the presence of the coalition leaders. Around 50 countries, regional and international organizations will participate in this exercise at the senior official level. This meeting aims to put into practice the commitments made during the meeting of the Friends of the Syrian People group in Marrakesh on December 12, which recognized the Coalition as http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/country the legitimate representative of the Syrian people and urged the Political France -files/syria-295/events- 1 22/01/2013 France international community to provide all necessary support for the Government developments Diplomatie 5888/article/meeting-in-support-of-the- democratic aspirations of the Syrian population and to provide syrian assistance to the civilian populations. On this occasion, France will reaffirm its full support for the Syrian National Coalition, which it recognized as the sole legitimate representative of the Syrian people. This meeting will take place at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, at the Convention Center, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm. There will be a photo shoot at the beginning of the meeting and a stake- out by the minister around 9:30 am. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- contamination of water can pose a real threat on the health of children. Already many health 1 22/01/2013 Syria Syria Health children UN UNICEF republic/un-emergency-directors- problems like scabies and skin diseases are present shocked-appalling-plight-people-syria Homs lies on a key battlefront between the army and rebels, who have seized large swathes of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 22/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence all northern and eastern Syria. A fresh outbreak of fierce fighting has gripped the strategic Syrian city International media AFP republic/fresh-clashes-syrias-homs- of Homs russians-flee With 80 per cent of Syrian refugees living in urban communities, cash assistance has been http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr- 1 22/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Displacement Refugees instrumental in allowing the most vulnerable households to cover their basic needs such as UN UNHCR further-scaling-syria-refugee- rental costs. operations-crisis-grows http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr- Of the 73,150 Syrian refugees now registered in Iraq, more than half are living in refugee camps, 1 22/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Displacement Refugees UN UNHCR further-scaling-syria-refugee- with 35 per cent living in urban areas. operations-crisis-grows A suicide bomber targeting Syrian pro-government forces has killed many people in the central province of Hama, state new agency Sana reports. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Hamra - Salmiyeh Armed violence all International media BBC Activists say dozens of people - including both pro-regime militiamen and civilians - were killed in middle-east-21122618 the blast in the town of Salmiyeh. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Damascus Armed violence all Both Sana and activists also reported deadly fighting in Damascus on Monday. International media BBC middle-east-21122618 T he UN estimates that 4 million people – nearly one in five of the pre-crisis population – http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria. Roughly half of those in need are located 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Population in need all UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 in the three most affected governorates: Aleppo (19.8 per cent); Homs (14.8 per cent); 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf and Rural Damascus (14.8 per cent) (SARC, January 2013). http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file T he particularly harsh winter has compounded the suffering of people in need, especially 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Shelter IDPs UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 IDPs living in shelters lacking adequate insulation with no winter clothes and no blankets. 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Even those who still have homes are suffering from the cold; often unable to heat their 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Shelter all UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 houses due to shortages of fuel and electricity. 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Many of the 2 million internally displaced people are hosted by families 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 and friends, in countless communities. 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf Extensive needs were witnessed in terms of food, http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file healthcare and access to clean water. Children have been particularly affected by the 1 21/01/2013 Syria Homs Multi-sectoral All UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 fighting and urgently need psychosocial support and access to school. Buildings have 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf been reduced to rubble and many people have lost their homes. Due to shortages of basic medicines, medical supplies and equipment, even complicated http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file surgeries are often being performed using local anesthetic. According to Islamic Relief, 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Health all UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 medical supplies are severely low in many locations, leaving many without access to 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf proper care All health facilities in Homs visited by WHO during the reporting period http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 21/01/2013 Syria Dara'a Health All indicated shortages in essential medicines and supplies, and authorities reported UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 difficulties in delivering medicines to Dara’a 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf All health facilities in Homs visited by WHO during the reporting period http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 21/01/2013 Syria Homs Health all indicated shortages in essential medicines and supplies, and authorities reported UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 difficulties in delivering medicines to Dara’a 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf According to WHO, 93 per cent of morbidity cases reported in the first week of 2013 were http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file due to influenza-like illness. T he highest proportion of cases (38 per cent) were among 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Health all UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 children 5 to 14 years old. Influenza, a common winter illness, has been exacerbated as 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf Syrians struggle to keep warm during an unusually cold season. According to Syrian media, http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file electricity production has been cut back significantly: Damascus now faces six-hour 1 21/01/2013 Syria Damascus Shelter all UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 power cuts daily and Aleppo officials estimate only 40 per cent of the city’s electricity 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf needs are being met. According to Syrian media, http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file electricity production has been cut back significantly: Damascus now faces six-hour 1 21/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Shelter all UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 power cuts daily and Aleppo officials estimate only 40 per cent of the city’s electricity 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf needs are being met. Frustration over http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file the conditions sparked unrest by refugees on 8 January. Some residents have called for 1 21/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Displacement Refugees UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 Za’atri to be closed and relocated, while others emphasized that the major problem is a 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf lack of sufficient support for the current site, rather than its location. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Approximately 30 per cent of the 150,000 Palestine refugees who lived 1 21/01/2013 Syria Yarmouk Displacement Palestinian refugees UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 in the camp before the 16 December clashes have now returned. 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf In Sbeinah camp (14 km south of Damascus), UNRWA estimates that half of the 22,000 residents have fled in the wake of shelling. Communications http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file with Sbeinah are intermittent, and all facilities are closed. Most of the 1 21/01/2013 Syria Rif Damascus Displacement Palestinian refugees UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 Sbeinah displaced are staying with friends or relatives in and around Damascus. Clashes 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf in several other camps were also reported, with movement restrictions hampering residents’ ability to escape violence. An estimated 400,000 Palestine refugees in Syria need humanitarian assistance. As of http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinian refugees 17 January, nearly 9,200 IDPs were sheltering in UNRWA facilities – 88 per cent of whom UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 are Palestine refugees. T 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i Some 20,000 Palestine refugees from Syria are nt/files/resources/Syria%20Humani 1 21/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon Displacement Palestinian refugees currently in Lebanon, already reaching the Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan UN OCHA estimate for June 2013. tarian%20Bulletin%20Issue%2017. pdf y. Currently 3,285 Palestine refugees from Syria have made http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i themselves known to UNRWA, and a new camp is scheduled to open near Zarqa, northeast of nt/files/resources/Syria%20Humani 1 21/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Displacement Palestinian refugees UN OCHA Amman, at the end of January. In Jordan, Palestine refugees continue to face difficulties tarian%20Bulletin%20Issue%2017. entering the country. pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i UNHCR estimates that 215,112 Syrians are living in Lebanon, where shelter remains the nt/files/resources/Syria%20Humani 1 21/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon Multi-sectoral Refugees UN OCHA most urgent challenge, in addition to education and health tarian%20Bulletin%20Issue%2017. pdf . Five new camps are under construction by the T urkish authorities: http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Gazantep Nizip; Şanliurfa, Harran; Kilis Elbeyli; Osmaniye Düziçi; and Adana. T he first 1 21/01/2013 Turkey Turkey Displacement Refugees UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 two camps are almost completed and the rest are expected to be completed in approximately 1 ½ months. 0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Recent months have witnessed an escalation in the conflict, which is now in its 23rd month and republic/ban-joint-special- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Number of affected all UN UN News has left more than 2.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. representative-meet-ending-suffering- syria http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- It says that January has seen the highest average arrivals with 730 refugees per day compared to 1 21/01/2013 regional Regional Displacement Refugees UN UN NEws republic/un-team-shocked-what-it- the past six months when about 500 Syrians arrived in Jordan each day. sees-two-syrian-cities What we are seeing in Syria is extraordinary prevalence, geographically widespread. Wolfe and others, however, say exact figures on the number of rapes taking place are nearly impossible to achieve because of the ongoing civil war and because many rape victim are reluctant to talk about their experience. She says most of the sexual violence is carried out by Syrian military forces and the allied shabiha militia. Members of both groups, she says, seem to have used rape as a form of torture to extract information during interrogations and to punish the population for supporting http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Voice of 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection all the rebels. Women are not the only victims. T wenty percent of the cases WUS has documented NGO republic/sexual-violence-factor-syrian- America involve men and boys. T his corresponds with a June 2012 report by HRW, Syria, Sexual Assault refugee-crisis in Detention, which documents instances of men and boys who have been sexually abused—or witnessed such abuse—in detention centers, whether sexual groping, prolonged forced nudity, rape and electroshock or beatings to the genitalia. In societies where women’s honor is tied to their sexuality and men’s honor is tied to their women’s honor, sexual violence is particularly effective at ripping apart the social fabric that can underpin a resistance a total overnight electricity blackout in the capital began to lift in the morning. Meanwhile, on http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Sunday evening Damascus was plunged in a total blackout that lasted through the night, after a 1 21/01/2013 Syria Damascus Shelter all International media AFP republic/syria-warplanes-raid- key transmission grid that supplies the capital was hit. It is unclear what caused the blackout, damascus-province-blackout-eases said Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman. "Some activists have blamed an air strike." http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Damascus Armed violence all Warplanes staged several air strikes on Irbin and Hamuriyeh in Damascus province International media AFP republic/syria-warplanes-raid- damascus-province-blackout-eases Long a stronghold of President Bashar al-Assad, central Damascus is increasingly feeling the impact of a slow advance by rebel fighters who control a crescent of suburbs to the east and http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/power 1 21/01/2013 Syria Damascus Armed violence All south of the city. T he price of basic commodities has soared and fuel shortages are affecting International media alertnet -outage-in-damascus-as-syria-war- services. She said it was the first time during the 22-month-old uprising that has turned into a civil nears-capitals-centre war that the most central parts of the capital were affected. T he government sent reinforcements to the rebel-held southwestern district of Daraya on Monday, http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/power 1 21/01/2013 Syria Damascus Armed violence All the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. Infantry and personnel carriers arrived International media alertnet -outage-in-damascus-as-syria-war- on the outskirts of the district which has seen months of artillery and air strikes, it said. nears-capitals-centre Opposition negotiations in Istanbul end without agreement. Syrian opposition leaders said on http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syrian Monday they had failed to put together a transitional government to run rebel-held areas of the 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria stakeholders all International media alertnet -opposition-leaders-fail-to-form- country, a blow to the exiled group trying to present an alternative to President Bashar al-Assad's government rule. Insurgents control a crescent of suburbs to the east and south of the city and have been http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syrian 1 21/01/2013 Syria Damascus Armed violence all advancing slowly toward its heart. Fighting broke out on Sunday just half a mile from the Old City International media alertnet -opposition-leaders-fail-to-form- in the capital's centre, government http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syrian In the northern al-Raqqa province on Sunday night, ten people, including three children and two 1 21/01/2013 Syria raqqa Armed violence all International media alertnet -opposition-leaders-fail-to-form- women, were killed in an air strike on al-T abaqa, government T he UN estimates that 4 million people – nearly one in five of the pre-crisis population http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria. Roughly half of those in need are located in the republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Multi-sectoral all UN OCHA three most affected governorates: Aleppo (19.8 per cent); Homs (14.8 per cent); and Rural issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- Damascus (14.8 per cent) (SARC, January 2013). 2013-enar T he particularly harsh winter has compounded the suffering of people in need, especially IDPs http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- living in shelters lacking adequate insulation with no winter clothes and no blankets. Even those republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Shelter IDPs UN OCHA who still have homes are suffering from the cold; often unable to heat their houses due to issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- shortages of fuel and electricity. 2013-enar Combatants continue http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- to employ tactics that risk or target civilian lives. Rocket and bomb attacks in urban republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection all UN OCHA centres have been reported, including attacks on residential neighbourhoods, markets issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- and aid convoys. 2013-enar http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- On 21 January, a UN inter-agency mission of Emergency Directors visited Homs, home to 600,000 republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 Syria homs Number of affected all UN OCHA people in need of assistance. issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- 2013-enar http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Due to shortages of basic medicines, medical supplies and equipment, even complicated republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 syria Syria Health all UN OCHA surgeries are often being performed using local anesthetic. A issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- 2013-enar A report released on 14 January 2013 by the International Rescue Committee (IRC), based on three IRC assessments among Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Jordan, identifies rape and sexual violence as a “significant and disturbing feature” of the conflict in Syria. Many respondents identified sexual violence as a primary factor in their family’s http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- decision to flee Syria. Many Syrian women and girls relayed accounts of being attacked in republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection all public or in their homes, primarily by armed men. T he rapes reported, sometimes by UN OCHA issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- multiple perpetrators, often occurred in front of family members. Syrian survivors rarely report sexual violence due to “the stigma and social norms around the dishonour that 2013-enar rape brings to women and girls and their families”. Many interviewed by IRC said survivors fear retribution by their assailants, being killed by "shamed" family members, or in the case of girls, being married off at an early age "to safeguard their honour." ( http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- According to WHO, 93 per cent of morbidity cases reported in the first week of 2013 were republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Health all due to influenza-like illness. T he highest proportion of cases (38 per cent) were among UN OCHA issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- children 5 to 14 years old. 2013-enar Fuel shortages and price http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- rises have prompted many Syrians to rely on electric heating. According to Syrian media, republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Shelter all electricity production has been cut back significantly: Damascus now faces six-hour UN OCHA issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- power cuts daily and Aleppo officials estimate only 40 per cent of the city’s electricity 2013-enar needs are being met. During the reporting period, occasional clashes took place in Yarmouk, including on 19 and 20 January. Approximately 30 per cent of the 150,000 Palestine refugees who lived http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- in the camp before the 16 December clashes have now returned. An estimated 400,000 Palestine republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection Palestinian refugees UN OCHA refugees in Syria need humanitarian assistance. As of issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- 17 January, nearly 9,200 IDPs were sheltering in UNRWA facilities – 88 per cent of whom 2013-enar are Palestine refugees. T he Government of Syria last week released a list of 110 local non-government partners http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- whom UN agencies could contract to expand the reach of humanitarian assistance in the republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin- 1 21/01/2013 syria syria Access all UN OCHA country. T he Government of Syria approved UN requests to import fuel in support of humanitarian issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january- operations on 10 January 2013-enar http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/un- Winter and the extreme temperatures currently prevailing in northern Iraq are bringing hardship to agencies-iraq-coordinate-efforts- 1 20/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Shelter all UN UNHCR Syrian refugees help-syrian-refugees-fighting- bitter-cold http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/un- agencies-iraq-coordinate-efforts- 1 20/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Displacement all T here are still 3,000 families living in transit areas UN UNHCR help-syrian-refugees-fighting- bitter-cold Syria's foreign minister said on Saturday any discussion of President Bashar al-Assad's future was "unacceptable", a week after an international envoy said the president should not be part of a http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news Political transitional government. Assad's pitched a three-stage initiative earlier in January which calls for 1 19/01/2013 Syria Syria All International media alertnet /syria-says-talk-of-assads-removal- developments national dialogue, creation of a new constitution, and a new parliament, followed by national referendums. But the reforms are similar to previous ones made by the Assad, which the unacceptable/ opposition rejected as superficial. Syrian Kurds urged the opposition on Saturday to halt a siege against them by Islamist rebels. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T he Kurdish National Council, a pro-opposition umbrella group of Syrian Kurdish parties, 1 19/01/2013 Syria Al-Hasakah Protection all International media AFP republic/syrias-kurds-urge-opposition- condemned what it said was an ongoing assault "against unarmed civilians" by jihadist insurgents on the northern town of Ras al-Ain. stop-islamist-attack T he Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 33 people had been killed over the past 48 hours in http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 19/01/2013 Syria Al-Hasakah stakeholders All Ras al-Ain clashes that pitted the jihadist Al-Nusra Front against Kurdish fighters. Activists say International media AFP republic/syrias-kurds-urge-opposition- T urkey may be using jihadists in Syria to fight its own battle against the Kurds. stop-islamist-attack http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/mass Elsewhere, Syrian warplanes raided the eastern outskirts of Damascus as army reinforcements 1 19/01/2013 Syria Rif Damascus Armed violence all International media alertnet acre-of-over-100-reported-in-syrias- arrived in Daraya, a key battleground near the capital, homs More than 100 people were shot, stabbed or possibly burned to death by government forces in the Syrian city of Homs. T he British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said women and children were among the 106 people killed by forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad forces 1 19/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence All who stormed Basatin al-Hasawiya, a poor district on the edge of Homs, T he town of Houla T he Jerash Camp in northern Jordan was set up as an "emergency" camp in 1968 to accommodate 11,500 ex-Gazan refugees (Palestine refugees who fled to Gaza in 1948 and were displaced from Gaza in 1967) and "displaced persons" from Gaza (Gaza residents who were displaced in 1967 for the first time) who fled from the Gaza Strip as a result of the 1967 Arab- http://reliefweb.int/report/occupied- Israeli war. Currently, there are 26,785 refugees in the camp that are registered with UNRWA. Of 1 15/01/2013 Jordan Jerash Camp Displacement Palestinians Donor ECHO palestinian-territory/new-european- them, approximately 14,000 live within the official borders of camp. T he population of Jerash union-assistance-palestinian-people Camp is almost exclusively made up of ex-Gazan refugees and "displaced persons" from Gaza. Although they are entitled to hold temporary, two-year Jordanian passports, unlike "West Bank" Palestinians in Jordan they have no national ID number and are thereby excluded from working in a wide range of services and professions in Jordan. http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/winter Already 190,000 Syrian people have registered in Lebanon as refugees although it is believed that 1 15/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon Displacement Refugees NGO Shelterbox -shelter-offered-syrian-refugees- the figure is more than 300,000. lebanon T he families rent their tents from a local farmer for around 70 dollars a month and try and find ad Inter Press http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/syrian 1 15/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon LFS Refugees hoc work as labourers or farmhands. T he men can expect to take home around 10 dollars and the International Media Service -refugees-face-storms-cardboard women seven dollars for a day’s work, but most of the refugees are unable to find jobs. Some of the other refugees choose not to register with the UNHCR out of fear of being monitored by the authorities, as paranoia is still common among refugees over the presence of Syrian intelligence in the country, real or perceived. T he Syrian conflict is hugely divisive in Lebanon, and this has further disrupted efforts to address the humanitarian needs of the refugee communities. T he government’s lack of coherent policy means few services have been extended Inter Press http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/syrian 1 15/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon Displacement Refugees International Media to arriving Syrians and no formal camps have been established, like those in Jordan or T urkey. In Service -refugees-face-storms-cardboard addition to unforgiving weather, dire economic straits and a dearth of material support, many of the refugees also suffer from racism. T he two countries have an intimate and oftentimes troubled history and the Syrian conflict and influx of refugees is exacerbating Lebanon’s political instability and economic vulnerability. T he Sheikh Najjar complex opened five years ago in Aleppo, Syria's commercial capital in the north of the country, and was quickly touted as an economic success story. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- T oday it works at about only 20 percent capacity, according to one estimate. T his is more to do arab-republic/factories-close- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Aleppo LFS All with a lack of electricity and a dearth of supplies of much-needed raw materials than as a result of International Media AFP being directly caught up in the fighting. In the initial weeks of the conflict last July, regime forces workers-flee-syria-industry-losing- sent artillery shells smashing into the complex, alarming factory owners who begged that they be steam spared the violence so they could keep the wheels of industry turning. T housands of workers have lost their jobs because of the war "About 700 families" have taken refuge in the industrial zone since the fighting erupted in Aleppo, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Displacement IDPs says Abu Hussein who lives with his family in a half-built -- or half-destroyed -- factory. We have International Media AFP republic/factories-close-workers-flee- "no light, no water, no heating, nothing syria-industry-losing-steam Syria's President Bashar al-Assad may defy calls to step down and stand for election in 2014, an http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Political 1 15/01/2013 Syria Syria All official said. come after Assad unveiled in a rare speech on January 5 in Damascus his own International Media AFP republic/assad-may-run-2014-election- developments three-step peace initiative for the strife-torn country. air-strikes-across-syria Elsewhere in Syria, an artillery attack on the town of Houla in the central province of Homs http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence All meanwhile killed 12 people. In Homs city, warplanes struck the besieged districts of Jobar and International Media AFP republic/assad-may-run-2014-election- Sultaniyeh air-strikes-across-syria http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- while in the northern province of Aleppo, an air raid in on the rebel-held town of Al-Bab killed at 1 15/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/assad-may-run-2014-election- least eight people, air-strikes-across-syria Dozens of people were killed or wounded when Syrian troops stormed an area near a military http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence All academy in the central province of Homs on T uesday, as the army attacked rebel strongholds International Media AFP republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded- across the province army-attack-homs-watchdog Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman told AFP by phone that the area is mostly orchards and farmlands and that most of the residents are farmers. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Displacement All International Media AFP republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded- Others are displaced families from Homs city, particularly the neighbourhood of Deir Baalba, army-attack-homs-watchdog where dozens were killed in a regime attack in December. Also in the city, warplanes struck the besieged districts of Jobar and Sultaniyeh. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence All "T hey have launched an assault on districts under siege," an anti-regime activist in the besieged International Media AFP republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded- Old City neighbourhood of Homs city, who identified himself as Abu Bilal, told AFP via the army-attack-homs-watchdog Internet. Elsewhere in the province, seven minors were among 12 civilians killed in an artillery attack on http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence All the town of Houla, where pro-regime militiamen are suspected of killing more than 100 people in International Media AFP republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded- May of last year army-attack-homs-watchdog T he central Syrian city of Homs, dubbed "the capital of the revolution" by the country's rebels, is http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- the largest and most strategic in the country, lying on key trade routes near the borders with 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded- Lebanon and Iraq, and with its southwestern areas not far from Damascus. T roops have laid army-attack-homs-watchdog siege to several areas in the city and province for months. At least 57 governments have called on the UN Security Council to refer the Syria conflict to the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection all International Criminal Court for a war crimes investigation. As Syria is not an ICC member, only a International Media AFP republic/push-syria-war-crimes-probe- Security Council referral could start a war crimes investigation. 26-children-die HOMS: T roops also burned and destroyed property during the fierce assault on the area, the watchdog said. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Protection All International Media AFP republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded- T he Syrian Revolution General Council said that regime forces "committed a massacre" in the army-attack-homs-watchdog area and that "more than 24 people were summarily executed and their homes and bodies were burned". UNICEF and other United Nations agencies have provided Many families are living in extremely basic conditions, using plastic sheeting to cover broken assistance to the area through a partner organization. While I http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- windows and doors, sleeping on bare concrete floors or thin mattresses. T here is very little was writing these lines, new emergency supplies reached republic/field-diary-impressions- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Shelter All heating and a lack of diesel fuel, which is urgently needed for heating. People are trying to make Homs, including 5,000 quilts, 1,400 blankets and 2,000 family UN UNICEF battered-war-zone-homs-syrian-arab- the best of the conditions, but just imagine how cold it must be, especially at night. Although hygiene kits. UNICEF has also recently provided high-energy republic water was functioning in the areas I went to, electricity seems to come only in short spurts. biscuits for 6,400 children in Homs and supported safe learning spaces to allow children to continue their education. T he CoI has reported that government forces and “shabiha” continue to commit crimes against humanity, war crimes and gross violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) as 1 15/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection all a matter of state policy. T he CoI also reported that armed NGO R2P http://www.globalr2p.org/regions/syria opposition groups have committed war crimes, albeit on a smaller scale than that of the government and its affiliated forces. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ world/middle_east/growing- Syrians with disabilities, especially those living in rural areas, have long lacked access to number-of-paralyzed-syrians- government--sponsored services, education or jobs, according to reports by advocacy groups. overwhelms-a-recovery- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection Disabled NGO CSM Data are scarce, but the World Bank estimated in 2002 that Syria had 500,000 to 1.4 million center/2013/01/15/3d2bc692- disabled citizens and that less than 5 percent of them had access to needed services. 5b63-11e2-88d0- c4cf65c3ad15_story.html?wprss=r ss_world oms has been the scene of some of the heaviest fighting in the Syrian Arab Republic’s 22-month conflict, with hundreds of thousands of residents displaced. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- While some parts of the city have been untouched by conflict and seemingly carry on as normal, republic/field-diary-impressions- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Homs Protection All other areas exhibit the unmistakable signs of intense battles – buildings scarred with bullet holes UN UNICEF battered-war-zone-homs-syrian-arab- and shell holes, blown-out windows, rubble. From what I have seen in the suburb of Baba Amr, I would estimate that as many as two thirds of the buildings have been damaged, while others have republic collapsed completely. Baba Amr is now relatively calm, with some families making their way back, trying to rebuild their lives. Russia said it had suspended operations at its consulate in Aleppo after two explosions rocked a university in Syria's second-biggest city. "T he activity of the consulate of the Russian Federation in Aleppo ... has been temporarily suspended," the Foreign Ministry said in a brief statement. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/01/1 2 15/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Armed violence All International Media Reuters 5/us-syria-crisis-russia-aleppo- It said anyone with consular issues to resolve was welcome to contact the consular section of idUSBRE90E0VX20130115 the Russian embassy in the capital, Damascus. At least 52 people were killed and dozens wounded in two explosions that rocked the University of Aleppo on T uesday, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. Aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) meanwhile condemned a Sunday air strike on the northern town of Aazaz in Aleppo province, near the border with T urkey, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 15/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Health All that wounded 99 people. T he attack... was particularly devastating as it came just two weeks after International Media AFP republic/push-syria-war-crimes-probe- air strikes hit the city's health facilities, making it almost impossible for medical staff to cope with 26-children-die an emergency on this scale," Refugees in Lebanon are scattered across the country with the largest concentrations of refugees living in north Lebanon (42%) and the Bekaa valley (32%). Since registration has begun in south Lebanon, refugee concentrations there, and including Beirut, have increased to approximately 26% of total refugee population. Currently, 60% of the registered population rent accommodation, for relatively high rent. T his http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file accommodation is often in poor or sub-standard 1 15/01/2013 lebanon Lebanon Shelter Refugees UN UNHCR s/resources/UNHCR%20Lebanon%20 condition. Approximately 27% percent of refugees live Shelter%20Sectoral%20Note.pdf with host families. A growing number of refugees, currently 8.5% percent, are accommodated in unfinished private houses which have been upgraded by sealing off interventions or basic rehabilitation. In exchange, the owners have provided free rent accommodation to refugees. A further 5% of Syrian refugees stay in tented settlements and 2% are accommodated in collective shelters. T he availability of shelter in general, and particularly adequate shelter, is a persistent concern. Priorities of the Syrian refugees have not changed greatly in the last two months. T he only change has been noted in terms of numbers and urgency of winterization needs. Added to this, IFRC has observed an increase in cases of PT SD among the Syrian population residing in T urkey. Syrian ‐ refugees prioritized their main needs as follows: --‐ Immediate winterization, mainly blankets, stoves, fuel for heating, winter clothes, and plastic 1 15/01/2013 Turkey Turkey All Urban refugees sheeting ‐ --‐ Income for meeting their daily needs of food and NFI, including hygiene materials, --‐ Mental health support --‐ Medical and health care -- Advice on their legal status -- Education http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file s/resources/SyriaRegionalRefugeeRe 1 15/01/2013 regional Regional Displacement Refugees 60% of refugees in urban situation, 40% in camps UN UNHCR sponse_ExternalUpdate_17January201 3%20map.pdf Syrian refugees in T urkey report that their basic needs are generally well met in the government controlled camps. T his being the case, ST L had previously observed that protection issues do http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/situation not seem to be a consideration of camp managers and the authorities alike (ST L, 30 November 1 15/01/2013 Turkey Turkey Protection Camp Refugees NGO STL -report-syrian-refugees-turkey-15- 2012). However, recent reports suggest that the T urkish authorities have put stronger attention on january-2013 protection issues such as psycho-social support for the traumatized Syrian population in the camps (IFRC, 29 December 2012). Contrary to the assistance being provided in the camps, Syrian unregistered refugees in urban http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/situation 1 15/01/2013 Turkey Turkey Displacement non-camp refugees areas, towns and villages are not being supported by the T urkish government. Local sources and NGO STL -report-syrian-refugees-turkey-15- NGOs estimate the figure of urban Syrian refugees to be more than 100,000. january-2013 Priorities of the Syrian refugees have not changed greatly in the last two months. T he only change has been noted in terms of numbers and urgency of winterization needs. Added to this, IFRC has observed an increase in cases of PT SD among the Syrian population residing in T urkey. Syrian refugees prioritized their main needs as follows: http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/situation Immediate winterization, mainly blankets, stoves, fuel for heating, winter clothes, and plastic 1 15/01/2013 Turkey Turkey Multi-sectoral non-camp refugees NGO STL -report-syrian-refugees-turkey-15- sheeting january-2013 Income for meeting their daily needs of food and NFI, including hygiene materials, Mental health support Medical and health care Advice on their legal status Education http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/syria- T urkish Economy Minister Zafer Caglayan in the same interview. Some further 75,000 displaced 1 14/01/2013 Turkey Turkey Displacement Refugees International Media AFP refugees-need-more-aid-world-food- Syrians are either living with relatives or managing to support themselves, the minister said. programme Syrian women and girls allege use of sexual violence in civil war Women interviewed for International Rescue Committee report tell of attacks involving kidnap, rape, torture and murder. Rape is a "significant and disturbing" feature of the Syrian civil war, with http://www.guardian.co.uk/global- 1 14/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection All women and girls citing sexual violence as their main reason for fleeing the country, according to a International Media guardian development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women- report published on Monday. Many of these women have experienced rape and torture in Syria, but girls-sexual-violence as refugees [they] can't find the support they need to heal their physical and emotional scars – let alone provide food and shelter for their families." http://www.guardian.co.uk/global- In a report in June, Human Rights Watch said Syrian government forces have used sexual 1 14/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection All International Media guardian development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women- violence to torture men, women and boys detained in the conflict. girls-sexual-violence Syrian forces are using notoriously indiscriminate rockets that contain explosive submunitions. Evidence indicates that Syrian forces used BM-21 Grad multi-barrel rocket launchers to deliver http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 14/01/2013 Syria Idlib Armed violence All cluster munitions in attacks near the city of Idlib in December 2012 and in Latamneh, a town NGO HRW republic/army-using-new-type-cluster- northwest of Hama, on January 3, 2013. T hese are the first known instances of Syrian use of munition ground-based cluster munitions. Syrian forces are using notoriously indiscriminate rockets that contain explosive submunitions. Evidence indicates that Syrian forces used BM-21 Grad multi-barrel rocket launchers to deliver http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 14/01/2013 Syria Hama Armed violence All cluster munitions in attacks near the city of Idlib in December 2012 and in Latamneh, a town NGO HRW republic/army-using-new-type-cluster- northwest of Hama, on January 3, 2013. T hese are the first known instances of Syrian use of munition ground-based cluster munitions. http://www.guardian.co.uk/global- Urban refugees are straining the education, health and water facilities of host countries. Rents 1 14/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection All International Media guardian development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women- have gone up for both refugees and locals, and tension is on the rise. girls-sexual-violence T he IRC report also described the deliberate targeting of medical and healthcare facilities by the http://www.guardian.co.uk/global- 1 14/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection All Syrian government. Doctors told the IRC of a systematic campaign to restrict access to International Media guardian development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women- healthcare through strategic bombing, forcing the closure of hospitals. girls-sexual-violence Syrian armed forces fired a short-range ballistic missile on Sunday, bringing to more than 20 the number launched in the past month. U.S. officials called Syria's firing of short-range missiles an http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syria- 1 14/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection All escalation of the 21-month-old civil war when their use was first detected in December. T he International Media Alertnet fired-short-range-missile-at-weekend- missiles, apparently fired against opposition targets, landed in Syrian territory, mostly in northern nato Syria, she said. However, some of the missiles landed "quite close" to the T urkish border T here is also an ever growing concern for the estimated 80,000 Iraqi and 500,000 Palestinian refugees living in Syria and whose vulnerability is increasing. T he conflict now implicates groups of the population http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i 2 14/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection Minorities previously neutral Donor ECHO as Kurds and Palestinians. Palestinians, in particular, are getting drawn into the conflict and nt/files/resources/syria_en_9.pdf numerous fatalities have been reported. Many Palestinians have already fled the country. Rebel commander tells Al Jazeera that weapons captured at T aftanaz airbase could change http://www.aljazeera.com/video/middlee 1 14/01/2013 Syria Idlib Armed violence all International Media Al Jazeera course of conflict. ast/2013/01/2013114134950449975.html Imperative that additional assistance addresses the needs of http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 14/01/2013 Syria Syria Access All displaced populations throughout Syria and not just in the Donor ECHO s/resources/syria_en_9.pdf "hotspots". SARC have granted formal approval to 8 INGOs to work in Syria (namely Action Contre La Faim, Première Urgence, Danish Refugee Council, International Medical Corps, Help, Institut Européen de Coopération et de Développement (IECD), Secours Islamique France, T erre des HommesItaly); humanitarian access throughout Syria is not impossible and substantial http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 2 14/01/2013 Syria Syria Access All Donor ECHO deliveries of humanitarian aid continue. Attacks on humanitarian workers have also continued s/resources/syria_en_9.pdf unabated (so far, 7 SARC volunteers and 8 UN staff members have been killed, and ambulances and UN vehicles are still being sporadically attacked). T he city of Azaz, in the Aleppo region, has been bombed several times in the past few months. In December, warplanes bombed a public hospital and a private health centre, thus diminishing http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 14/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Health All their capacity to provide medical services to the population, and making many people fearful of NGO MSF republic/airstrike-market-kills-20- going to hospital for medical care. Many people are unwilling to go to hospital, out of fear that they injures-99 will be targeted by airstrikes, and prefer to seek medical care in clandestine structures. MSF staff have also witnessed the consequences of violence in the neighbouring province of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Idlib. A team that returned recently from a northern city in this region which was repeatedly 1 14/01/2013 Syria Idlib Health All NGO MSF republic/airstrike-market-kills-20- bombed over recent months reported that the only medical facility still functioning there is a injures-99 secretly run clinic, staffed by local people and a few Syrian health workers. According to the information from national media which is also confirmed by the the local http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- 1 14/01/2013 Turkey Border region Protection Refugees authorities, that a Syrian shell striked an olive grove in T urkey side of the border near Kilis UN UNHCR turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-13-14- Oncupinar container site. No casualities were reported. january-2013 During the visit to the Nizip camp UNHCR staff was informed by the local authorities that http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- 1 14/01/2013 Turkey Border region Shelter Refugees appoximately UN UNHCR turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-13-14- 2,800 Syrians have been accommodated in public facilties/guest houses in Niziph january-2013 In an attempt to get organized the T urkish state has appointed a “coordinator governor” exclusively for Syrian refugees currently residing in the country, daily Hürriyet has reported. http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkey- Veysel Dalmaz, appointed to his new post in November 2012, will be responsible for the affairs of Hurriyet Daily appoints-governor-for-syrian-refugees- 1 14/01/2013 Turkey response Refugees Local media nearly 200,000 refugees who currently call T urkey their home. News at- borders.aspx?pageID=238&nid=39014 Dalmaz's responsibilities include building new camps, ensuring proper nourishment and health arrangements for refugees and orchestrating the placements of refugees Regime troops shelled Daraya, Beit Sahm, Mleha and Moadamiyat al-Sham. Analysts say the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 13/01/2013 Syria Damascus Armed violence all regime is attempting to secure an area of control in a radius of about eight kilometres (five miles) International Media AFP republic/syrian-artillery-pounds-rebel- around the capital after it pushed rebels into outlying towns and villages. zones-near-damascus-ngo It said fighting erupted during the night in Yarmuk, a Palestinian camp in southern Damascus, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 13/01/2013 Syria Yarmouk Armed violence Palestinians that has been the scene of violent clashes in past months, and which was bombed by regime International Media AFP republic/syrian-artillery-pounds-rebel- warplanes in December zones-near-damascus-ngo In the northern city Aleppo, scene of some of Syria's worst violence since the eruption of an anti- http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 13/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Armed violence all regime revolt almost 22 months ago, clashes raged near an intelligence headquarters, said the International Media AFP republic/syrian-artillery-pounds-rebel- Observatory. zones-near-damascus-ngo During the reporting period despite the heavy snow in Adiyaman, Gaziantep provinces, UNHCR http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- 1 12/01/2013 Turkey Turkey Access Refugees Field T eams managed to reach the camps and it was observed that the Government officials have UN UNHCR turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-05-12- done every effort to ensure the roads to the camps remain open. january-2013 It was reported by the authorities as well as observed by UNHCR T eams that the conditions in the camps especially in Adiyaman that there was no major problems effecting the daily life in the http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- 1 12/01/2013 Turkey Turkey Shelter Refugees camps. Shortage of space in camps continued to be the main challenge for the local authorities. UN UNHCR turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-05-12- Reportedly the Nizip-2 camp which will be container site (5,000 capacity) is expected to be january-2013 opened by end of next http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Regime artillery also opened up on Beit Sahem south of Damascus, as well as Jdaidet Artuz and 1 12/01/2013 Syria Damascus Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/damascus-hit-clashes-after- Daraya to the southeast key-rebel-gain-ngo http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 12/01/2013 Syria Homs Armed violence All It reported that regime air raids on Rastan in the central province of Homs caused casualties, International Media AFP republic/damascus-hit-clashes-after- key-rebel-gain-ngo http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee : T he increased number of arrivals over the past two weeks is putting great stress on current kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20 1 11/01/2013 Jordan Jordan WASH Refugees UN UNICEF WASH facilities. Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20 Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee Crossing the border in Kurdistan has become increasingly problematic as compared to kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20 1 11/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Displacement Refugees UN UNICEF previous weeks. Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20 Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee Families residing in Domiz camp continue to have access to water and sewage services. kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20 1 11/01/2013 Iraq Domiz camp WASH Refugees However, UN UNICEF Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C due to quality problems with the water provided from the network to phases 1 and 2, water is being %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20 Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee : Due to the severe weather conditions currently affecting Jordan, Child-Friendly kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20 1 11/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Protection Refugees Spaces (CFS) and recreational areas in Za'atari and King Abdullah Park (KAP) have recorded very UN UNICEF Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C low attendance rates. As noted above, several CFS have been flooded and rendered unusable. %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20 Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf Rebels are reported to have taken control of a strategic military airbase in north-western Syria after weeks of fierce fighting with government forces. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world- 1 11/01/2013 Syria Taftanaz Armed violence All Opposition activists said the Free Syrian Army was in full control of T aftanaz airport. Videos International Media BBC middle-east-20984142 purportedly showed fighters inside the facility. Helicopters based there have been used to bombed rebel-held areas. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file An interagency mission is on-going in Homs, with s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee UNICEF participation. The objective of the mission kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20 1 11/01/2013 Syria Syria response All is to assess the situation, strengthen contacts with UN UNICEF Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C local authorities and community organisations in %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20 order to continue scaling up responses for children. Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf T he number of the displaced population has tripled in Idlib city. T he majority of the displaced http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Irish red 1 11/01/2013 Syria Idlib Displacement IDPs population are being hosted by relatives or friends and others are sheltering in schools and public Red Cros Movement republic/syrian-conflict-video-update- cross buildings that lack basic facilities. idlib Caritas Lebanon Migrants Centre social workers will await the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- T he Philippines embassy is looking for 3000 Filipinos who are thought to be still in Syria. Many group of 40 migrants on the Lebanon-Syria border on Sunday to arab-republic/caritas-lebanon- 1 11/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection migrants are domestic workers and must have the permission of their employers to leave. Despite the help facilitate their repatriation before taking them to the airport. NGO CARITAS danger from staying in Syria, not all employers give their staff permission to return home. They have helped over 300 Filipino nationals plus some Sri helping-evacuate-migrant-workers- Lankans leave Syria so far. syria Western and Israeli security experts suspect Syria may have tonnes of unenriched uranium in storage and that any such stockpile could potentially be of interest to its ally Iran for use in T ehran's own disputed nuclear programme. U.S. intelligence reports at the time said the site in http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syria- 1 11/01/2013 Syria Syria scenarios all Syria's desert Deir al-Zor region was a nascent, North Korean-designed reactor designed to International Media Alertnet may-hold-uranium-stash-western-and- produce plutonium for atomic arms. Syria says Deir al-Zor was a conventional military facility but israeli-experts-say the IAEA concluded in May 2011 that it was "very likely" to have been a reactor that should have been declared to its anti-proliferation inspectors. On reaching Idlib, the team visited a Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) hospital. One of only two hospitals currently functioning - there were nine before the conflict started. Red Crescent http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Irish red 1 11/01/2013 Syria Idlib Health All Volunteers and staff at the hospital told the team that they had had no water or electric for 12 days Red Cros Movement republic/syrian-conflict-video-update- cross and that some equipment had been damaged in the fighting. T hey also lack a lot of medicine for idlib chronic disease, especially for children and they requested medical materials. T here are a total of 7,623 IDPs in UNRWA facilities across the country as of 9 January, up from http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 11/01/2013 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs UN UNRWA 2,631 on 6 December. 92 per cent of IDPs are Palestine refugees. 1591 http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee T emperature drop in Northern Iraq sees more children attending primary health care kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20 1 11/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Health Refugees centres with cases of acute respiratory infections and flu, while access and security UN UNICEF Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C continues to be challenging %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20 Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf ZA’AT ARI CAMP, JORDAN, 10 January 2013 – Severe weather conditions across northern Jordan – including heavy rain, snow and sub-zero temperatures – have greatly worsened the situation of children among some 55,000 Syrian refugees living at Za’atari camp. Widespread flooding has occurred, swamping tents, and overwhelming the camp draining system. Deep mud is making it harder for the water and dislodging trucks to access the camp. Several Child Friendly Spaces tents and areas have been flooded, and a tent used to shelter unaccompanied minors has collapsed. In response, UNICEF and its partners are working around the clock to sustain the provision of services to the camp, and in particular, to ensure that all refugees have access to water, latrines and showers. http://www.unicef.org/media/media_671 1 10/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Shelter children distribution of heaters and warm clothing UN UNICEF UNHCR, the Ministry of Public Works, and UNICEF partner T HW are working to drain the affected 87.html area and mitigate the effects. UNICEF has distributed emergency warm clothing along with sleeping mats to replace mattresses soaked by the rain. Heaters have been distributed to families now living in prefabricated buildings within the camp. “T he next 72 hours will be a critical test of our ability to meet the basic needs of children and their families at Za’atari,” said UNICEF Jordan Representative Dominique Hyde. “Alongside the Government of Jordan and our and other partners, we are doing everything possible to ensure services are maintained and that children stay warm and dry.” Ms. Hyde added that a lack of funding was one major constraint. “T he resources we raised in 2012 have been exhausted, and no fresh funds have come for this In the north of Syria’s Idlib province, civilians are being made victims of a terror strategy carried http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 10/01/2013 Syria Idlib Armed violence all out through intense and indiscriminate bombing, the international humanitarian organisation NGO MSF republic/destitute-civilians-suffer- Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said today. intense-bombing-syrias-idlib-province PU-AMI is present in Syria since May 2008 and operates in the field of education on rehabilitation projects and construction of public schools, school support activities and professional http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- training. Since July 2012, PU-AMI is positioned with the Syrian republic/syrie-apr%C3%A8s-presque- Red Crescent in order to meet the humanitarian needs of Premiere 1 10/01/2013 Syria Syria response All NGO deux-ans-d%E2%80%99affrontements- populations affected by the internal crisis. Nevertheless, to Urgence cette-nouvelle-ann%C3%A9e- date, over 15 200 households have benefited from the d%C3%A9bute distribution of emergency blankets and rugs for winter and some 26,000 hygiene kits. Six centers were also rehabilitated to accommodate families fleeing the fighting. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- T here has been a recent rise in sectarian violence in Syria, particularly by those opposed to arab-republic/protection- 1 10/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection Minorities President Bashar al-Assad. Among those targeted have been Alawite, Druze and Shi’a Muslims, NGO Amnesty along with Christians. minorities-must-take-priority-syria- transition http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/m Women and girls were in the forefront when the uprising began nearly two years ago with peaceful iddle_east/role-of-syrian-women- Washington 1 10/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection Women protests, in part because they were considered less likely than men to arouse the suspicions of International Media evolves-as-war-rages- Post the government’s security apparatus. on/2013/01/09/5308512e-559b-11e2- bf3e-76c0a789346f_story_1.html http://reliefweb.int/report/world/analysis- According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, in 2012 some 8,200 people died in areas 1 10/01/2013 Syria Damascus Protection All International Media IRIN preparing-urban-disasters-challenges- surrounding the country’s capital, Damascus. and-recommendations MSF is working in three hospitals in the north and the north west of Syria, in areas controlled by armed groups of the opposition. MSF is bringing emergency medical care, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- a city** in the north of Idlib province T he only medical facility still functioning in the city is a 1 10/01/2013 Syria Idlib Health all especially surgical care, as well as carrying out consultations. NGO MSF republic/destitute-civilians-suffer- secret clinic, run by local people and a few Syrian health workers. From June of last year to the beginning of January 2013, our intense-bombing-syrias-idlib-province teams have performed more than 10,000 consultations and more than 900 surgical interventions. Both the Observatory and local residents reported that other mentally ill people had been found wandering the streets over the past week, and identified them as former patients of the Ibn http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 10/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Health All Khaldun psychiatric hospital east of the city. T he doctor admitted that neither he nor the International Media AFP republic/death-aleppo-snipers-target- colleagues he spoke to had been willing to risk their own safety and travel to work for more than a mental-patients week, leaving some 100 patients to their own fate. http://reliefweb.int/report/occupied- Conditions were little better for Syrian refugees in neighbouring Lebanon, where flooding and 2 09/01/2013 Lebanon Lebanon Shelter All International Media AFP palestinian-territory/9-dead-mideast- wintry conditions prompted the UN refugee agency to begin moving those living under canvas. battered-hail-snow-rain "T hey don't have a revolutionary mindset," he said, putting support for Assad at 70 percent among http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig 1 09/01/2013 Syria aleppo baseline all an urban population that includes many ethnic Kurds, Christians and members of Assad's International Media Alertnet ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel- Alawite minority support/ Rebel commanders interviewed in and around Aleppo in the past two weeks acknowledged problems within the FSA - an army in name only, made up of brigades competing for recognition http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig and resources. But they laid much of the blame on "bad apples" and opportunists and said steps 1 09/01/2013 Syria Aleppo stakeholders All International Media Alertnet ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel- are being taken to put things right. T here has been a lot of corruption in the Free Syrian Army's battalions - stealing, oppressing the people - because there are parasites that have entered the support/ Free Syrian Army, A sister institution deals with complaints from Aleppo civilians, said Louli, adding that he was in talks to spread that organisational model nationwide. http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig 1 09/01/2013 Syria Aleppo stakeholders All Such hopes for national structures reflect similar moves in the overall command of the opposition International Media Alertnet ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel- movement. After a National Coalition was formed abroad in November with Arab and Western support/ backing, an Islamist-dominated military command was set up last month to oversee operations against Assad's forces inside Syria. Snow carpeted Syria's war-torn cities but sparked no let-up in the fighting, instead heaping fresh http://reliefweb.int/report/occupied- 1 09/01/2013 Syria Syria NFI All misery on a civilian population already enduring a chronic shortage of heating fuel and daily International Media AFP palestinian-territory/9-dead-mideast- power cuts. battered-hail-snow-rain As government forces fight on in parts of Aleppo, in large areas that have been under rebel control http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig for six months or more complaints are getting louder about indiscipline among the fighters, 1 09/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Protection All International Media Alertnet ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel- looting and a general lack of security and necessities like running water, bread and electricity in districts that have been pounded by tanks and hit by Assad's air force. support/ http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig 09/01/2013 Syria Aleppo Protection all Some rebels in Aleppo have formed what they call a military police force to try to stop abuses. International Media Alertnet ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel- support/ “T here is a growing food problem because all the rain and now snow has made road conditions very dangerous," Reuters quoted Othman saying in an interview over a satellite Internet http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- connection. Another activist told the agency that some Syrians who fled bombardments were US Institute arab-republic/war-weariness- 1 09/01/2013 Syria Syria LFS all Other holing up in caves in the country’s north to keep dry. T he U.N.’s World Food Programme was of peace extending-winter-storm-ravaged- appealing for more implementing partners because it doesn’t have the capacity to feed everyone who needs it in the Syrian crisis, according to T he New York T imes yesterday. syria%E2%80%99s-humanitarian http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In Aleppo, bread is going for about 250 Syrian pounds for a kilogram, or about $3.50. T hat’s “at US Institute republic/war-weariness-extending- 1 09/01/2013 Syria Aleppo LFS all least 50 percent higher than in other parts of Syria and at least six times more than its cost when Other of peace winter-storm-ravaged- the Syrian conflict began nearly two years ago,” t syria%E2%80%99s-humanitarian Some Syrian medical professionals have gone into exile and dentists and pharmacists are providing emergency medical care. T heir skills are improving but they are rarely trained in war surgery, which presents specific complications such as bone infections, and in triaging victims http://www.msf.org.uk/Syria_health_facil 1 09/01/2013 Syria Idlib Health all NGO MSF during mass influx of wounded. Even so, they are managing quite well given the conditions and ities_war_zone_20130109.news increasing stock-outs of medical supplies such as anaesthetics. Syrian doctors from the diasporas are coming to help out, too. However, there is an aid network organised by Syrians in the country and in the diasporas, with the http://www.msf.org.uk/Syria_health_facil 1 09/01/2013 Syria Idlib response all NGO MSF help of neighbouring countries and Gulf nations. But it’s not enough. ities_war_zone_20130109.news In Jordan, torrential rains swept through the country for a second straight day, forcing the closure of most road tunnels and gridlocking traffic, as flash floods overwhelmed the capital's drainage system. http://reliefweb.int/report/israel/four- 1 08/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Shelter All Elsewhere, refugees at the Zaatari camp on the border with Syria "started to push each other as International Media AFP dead-israel-severe-weather-sweeps- they ran towards aid workers. T hey hurled stones at each other and there was a stampede" that middle-east injured several workers, Anmar Hmud, a government spokesman, told AFP. T he incident occurred as aid workers were helping some of the 62,000 Syrians sheltering in the camp, where two days of heavy rains have destroyed hundreds of tents. T wo days of unusually heavy rainfall in Jordan's northern desert have increased tensions in its largest camp for Syrian refugees and forced 300 of them to leave their tents for safer ground. T he http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- rain comes amid one of the largest influxes of refugees into Jordan since the Syrian conflict 1 08/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Displacement Refugees International Media IRIN republic/jordan-syria-tempers-flare- began nearly two years ago. In the last eight days, 10,183 Syrians fled to Jordan. Alhmoud said heavy-rain-pounds-camp camp authorities will move all single males to Cyber City camp in nearby Remtha town by the end of the month to remove the "potential threat" to the "rest of the more vulnerable" in the camp. Za'atari camp's population has been rising quickly in recent weeks, with an average daily arrival of 1,100 people. It is now home to 54,000 Syrian refugees, according to official UN Refugee Agency http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 08/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Displacement Refugees (UNHCR) registration figures, and 63,000 according to Mahmoud Omoush, who manages the International Media IRIN republic/jordan-syria-tempers-flare- camp on behalf of the Jordan Hashemite Charity Organization (JHCO). More than 900 people heavy-rain-pounds-camp crossed the border last night, he said. T oday, a group of young men attacked aid offices with stones and chairs in what refugees described as an expression of their frustration, aid workers described as a riot. Rioters entered the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- distribution compound of the World Food Programme (WFP) during bread distributions, injuring 1 08/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Access Refugees International Media IRIN republic/jordan-syria-tempers-flare- five staff and two volunteers of WFP's partner, NGO Save the Children. Four WFP staff were also heavy-rain-pounds-camp caught up in the fighting, the UN agency said. Omoush said one of the aid workers was hit in the head and transferred to hospital. Bad weather and heavy rain in the past two days have affected 500 tents in Zaatari," Ali Bibi, in http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/stampe charge of cooperation and international relations at UN refugee agency UNHCR, told AFP. T here 1 08/01/2013 Jordan Za'atari camp Shelter refugees International Media AFP de-hurts-jordan-aid-workers-helping- are 4,000 caravans and 4,500 tents at the six month old camp, which has seen several protests syrian-refugees by refugees against poor living conditions, including a lack of electricity. T he security situation’s deterioration has led WFP to temporarily relocate its staff from its sub- offices in the cities of Homs, Aleppo, T artous and Qamisl. WFP was unable to further scale up its assistance due to the lack of implementing partners on the ground and challenges reaching http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- some of the country’s hardest hit areas. Its main partner – SARC – was overstretched and had no UN News republic/amid-ongoing-violence-un- 1 08/01/2013 Syria Syria Access All UN more capacity to expand further; WFP is seeking further partners on the ground to assist with its Service food-relief-agency-warns-growing- operations. shortages http://reliefweb.int/report/israel/four- 1 08/01/2013 Syria Damascus Access All Snowfall made roads unusable in the Syrian capital International Media AFP dead-israel-severe-weather-sweeps- middle-east http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Five civilians were killed in heavy fighting around a Palestinian refugee camp in the Syrian capital 1 08/01/2013 Syria Damascus Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/five-civilians-killed-around- on T uesday as rebels withdrew from a northwestern town after a night of clashes damascus-palestinian-camp http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In Idlib province in the northwest, the army drove rebels out of Mastuma, just south of the 1 08/01/2013 Syria Idlib Armed violence all International Media AFP republic/five-civilians-killed-around- provincial capital, with the support of a "special operations battalion," damascus-palestinian-camp http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T roops still have a stranglehold on Idlib city but most of the province, which borders key 1 08/01/2013 Syria Idlib Armed violence all International Media AFP republic/five-civilians-killed-around- opposition backer T urkey, is in the hands of insurgents. damascus-palestinian-camp http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T he United Nations food relief agency today warned that humanitarian needs in Syria – especially UN News republic/amid-ongoing-violence-un- 1 08/01/2013 Syria Syria LFS All UN for food – are growing, with serious bread and fuel shortages across the war-torn country. Service food-relief-agency-warns-growing- shortages continued fighting and an inability to use the port of T artus to deliver food mean many people are not receiving aid. Late 2012 saw a sharp rise in the number of attacks on WFP aid trucks, said the http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world- 1 08/01/2013 Syria Syria Access All agency, which has also been hit by fuel shortages. International Media BBC middle-east-20945837 In the city of Aleppo, the majority of the population was depending on private bakeries where the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- price of one kilogram of bread, if available at all, had reached 250 Syrian pounds – the highest in UN News republic/amid-ongoing-violence-un- 1 08/01/2013 Syria Aleppo LFS All the country – and 40 to 50 per cent higher compared to other governorates, according to WFP. UN Service food-relief-agency-warns-growing- Before the conflict, unsubsidized bread was priced at around 45 Syrian pounds, while subsidized shortages bread costed 15 Syrian pounds. Several refugees continue to report that they have to pay armed entities on the Syrian side of the border prior to entering the KR. Some refugees reported to UNHCR that armed entities started forced youth deployment into combat in the outskirts of Damascus. Physical abuses and http://data.unhcr.org 1 08/01/2013 Syria Syria Protection all harassments are also being reported. Syrians already in the KR continue to return to Syria to bring UN UNHCR family members left behind, it is reported that their UNHCR certificates are being confiscated at the border by the armed entities or are being destroyed by the refugees themselves for fear of being harassed. T here are a total of 30 confirmed cases of tuberculosis among Syrians in Jordan (24 pulmonary http://www.emro.who.int/images/stories/ and 6 extrapulmonary). 3 cases are multi-drug resistant. 27 cases and their contacts are being 2 02/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Health All UN WHO eha/documents/Syria_sitrep_8_212013. monitored by International Organization for Migration (IOM)/Ministry of Health through the national pdf tuberculosis programme procedures 2 02/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Health All No outbreaks have been reported among Syrian refugees in Jordan. T he results of the nutrition assessment both inside and outside the camp do not currently point to 2 02/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Health All an alarming under-nutrition problem among Syrian under-fives and women of childbearing age, but the situation needs to be closely monitored due to a real risk. 2 02/01/2013 Jordan Jordan Health All No outbreaks have been reported among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Report findings indicate that 71% of Syrian refugees as opposed to 94% of Iraqi returnees http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/01/2013 Iraq Iraq Shelter refugees reported to live UN IOM s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res in durable shelters. ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf T hese include violence, including http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- harassment; prostitution and forced marriage; security threats such as theft and physical A joint assessment carried out by UNHCR, WFP and republic/middle-east-and-north-africa- 1 31/12/2012 Egypt Egypt Protection Refugees aggression; deteriorating livelihoods; and child protection concerns, with post-traumatic UNICEF has identified several UN OCHA humanitarian-bulletin-issue-05- stress disorder resulting in 42% of children suffering from exaggerated fear and 25% of protection concerns among Syrian refugees. november-%E2%80%93 children reporting sleeping problems Finally, there are also concerns with regard to Syrian refugee access to public hospitals. Whilst the Egyptian government has sought to treat Syrian nationals as if they were Egyptian, UNHCR has received information that this policy has not been applied in all http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- public hospitals, with some Syrians being charged expatriate–rate fees. Many Syrian republic/middle-east-and-north-africa- 1 31/12/2012 Egypt Egypt Health Refugees UN OCHA refugees also lack an awareness of available public health services and have faced long humanitarian-bulletin-issue-05- waiting periods in some NGO health facilities. T hey are receiving low quality public health november-%E2%80%93 services and in some instances are unable to afford the cost of medications and hospitalization. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- the killing of the boys, who activists said were kidnapped the day before at a checkpoint on their 1 31/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection Children International Media AFP republic/tortured-corpses-usher-syria- way home from school. new-year Nearly 90 percent of those who have died in Syria's 21-month conflict were killed in 2012, the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Monday. the rebels are discreet about their total 1 31/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All International Media AFP republic/nearly-90-syria-conflict-dead- losses of life in order to keep up morale, while the deaths of foreign fighters are not announced in killed-2012-ngo their home countries http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Sporadic clashes continue in Yarmouk. T here are also reports of two car bombs going off and 1 31/12/2012 Syria Yarmouk Protection All UN UNRWA republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation- unconfirmed reports of casualties. update-issue-28-31-december-2012 Jaramana, Ellianss, Khan Dannoun, Rukn Eddin, Khan Eshieh and Mezzeh camps are all http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 31/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs reportedly calm and housing IDPs. Health centres are operational in all except Rukn Eddin and in UN UNRWA republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation- Khan Eshieh, there is increasing pressure on staff to distribute aid to non-Palestinian IDPs. update-issue-28-31-december-2012 An oil embargo imposed by Syria's key EU customers has devastated its oil exports and sent the prices of staple goods spiralling. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- 2 31/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All International Media AFP arab-republic/tortured-corpses- T he Syrian pound has taken a nosedive since the conflict began and was trading at 77.74 against the dollar at the official rate, compared to 55 pounds in late 2011. On the black market, the rate usher-syria-new-year was 93 pounds to the dollar. More than one million children are affected by conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic. UNICEF is http://reliefweb.int/report/world/unicef- 1 31/12/2012 Syria Syria Multi-sectoral children getting urgent supplies to them, as well as to the more than 200,000 refugee children in UN UNICEF 2012-year-review neighbouring countries. in Misrata, UNHCR continued the registration of refugees from Syria. During the first two weeks of December, UNHCR registered 150 http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file individuals (47 cases) in Misrata. In Zliten, the mobile team 1 31/12/2012 Libya Libya Displacement Refugees UN UNHCR s/resources/External%20update%20- started the registration of the Syrians. Within two days, 104 %20December%202012.pdf individuals were registered (39 cases). Overall, as of 31 December 2012, UNHCR has registered 3,986 persons fleeing from Syria. . T he actual number of Syrian refugees in Egypt, however, is believed to be higher than those registered, with Egyptian Assistant Minister for Arab Affairs, Ambassador Nasser Kamel, announcing last November that around 100,000 Syrian refugees are living in Egypt. Although Egypt is not adjacent to Syria, Syrians have come in large numbers due to the relatively low http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file cost of living compared to some of 1 31/12/2012 Egypt Egypt Displacement Refugees UN OCHA s/resources/humanitarian_bulletin_en- the neighbouring countries. In addition, Egyptian authorities have Final_0.pdf facilitated their entry, with no visa needed to stay in the country and access to public services, such as education and healthcare, at the same cost as Egyptian nationals. Enrolling Syrian refugees in schools has also been a challenge. Although a presidential instruction was issued to the Ministry of Education to facilitate the enrolment of Syrian http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- nationals in the public education system, many have been unable to do so due to republic/middle-east-and-north-africa- 1 31/12/2012 Egypt Egypt Education Refugees UN OCHA bureaucratic impediments. Once enrolled, many Syrian children also face difficulties humanitarian-bulletin-issue-05- related to differences in the school curriculum and teaching methods, accent barriers and november-%E2%80%93 a discouraging environment, such as overcrowded classrooms. Since the beginning of 2012, over 7,000 Armenians fled Syria, of which 1,000 moved on http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file to other countries while the rest are temporarily or permanently staying in their historical s/resources/Humanitarian%20Bulletin homeland. About 100,000 ethnic Armenians live in Syria. A number of refugees do not wish to %20South%20Caucasus%20and%20C 1 31/12/2012 Armenia Armenia Displacement refugees UN UNOCHA obtain refugee status. T he entral%20Asia%20Issue%2001%20%2 Ministry of Diaspora has established the Center for Coordination of the Issues of Syrian 01%20January%20%E2%80%93%203 Armenians to address the needs of these people. 1%20December%202012.pdf “People are speaking about a divided Syria into many small states like Yugoslavia. Absolutely no! http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- UN News 1 30/12/2012 Syria Syria scenarios All T his is not what is going to happen. What is going to happen is 'Somalization' – warlords and the UN republic/un-arab-league-envoy-warns- Service Syrian people persecuted by people seizing its fate,” Mr. Brahimi added in the media encounter, limited-options-dangers-fragmentation Geneva communiqué,' which, he said, could form the basis of a peace process. T he document was issued after a meeting in the Swiss city of the Action Group for Syria – made up of interested parties – in late June. It lays out key steps in a process to end the violence in http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Syria. Amongst other items, it calls for the establishment of a transitional governing body, with full UN News 1 30/12/2012 Syria Syria scenarios All UN republic/un-arab-league-envoy-warns- executive powers and made up by members of the present Government and the opposition and Service limited-options-dangers-fragmentation other groups, as part of agreed principles and guidelines for a Syrian-led political transition. Echoing the communiqué, the Joint Special Representative said there should be a ceasefire, followed by the formation of a fully mandated government, and, subsequently, a number of steps leading to the holding of elections. Regime forces Sunday pressed a fierce offensive in Homs after overrunning a key neighbourhood http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 30/12/2012 Syria Homs Armed violence All of the central city Deir Baalbeh district T roops also bombarded the nearby opposition stronghold International Media AFP republic/syria-troops-press-homs- of Rastan. offensive-23-children-die loyalist troops carried out air raids on towns along the eastern outlying belt and on Daraya in the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 30/12/2012 Syria Daraya Armed violence All southwest, while fighting between rebels and the army erupted in the northeastern and International Media AFP republic/syria-troops-press-homs- southwestern suburbs. offensive-23-children-die http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 30/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Armed violence All Aleppo province, including on rebel-held Aazaz near the T urkish border. International Media AFP republic/syria-troops-press-homs- offensive-23-children-die the regime mined the border to curb the exodus of refugees to T urkey, where rebel forces last year set up rear bases. "It was (Syrian President) Bashar al-Assad's army that planted these mines in these areas," he charged. "T hey planted them more than a year ago along the border, some on farmland, others http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- along the border." 2 28/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection all International Media AFP republic/rebel-deminer-mission- protect-syria-refugees Last month, campaigners said the Syrian regime was the only government in the world to lay new landmines this year. T he global International Campaign to Ban Landmines network said the Assad regime appeared to be using old stockpiles of the weapons produced by the Soviet Union in the 1980s. T he protection of PRS in Jordan represents the greatest need and the most difficult challenge for http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 27/12/2012 Jordan Jordan Displacement Palestinian refugees this highly marginalised group of refugees. T hat UN UNRWA s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis they are not subject to expulsion and are given %20response.pdf equal treatment to other refugees is critical. Syria hosts over 525,000 Palestinian refugees, almost 80 per cent of whom live in the greater Damascus area. Prior to March 2011, Palestine refugees were already among the poorest communities in Syria, and therefore vulnerable with 27 per cent of the population were estimated to be living below the poverty line ( USD 2 dollars per day), and over http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 12 per cent were unable to meet their basic food 1 27/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinian refugees UN UNRWA s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis needs. Female-headed households, the elderly, disabled, and chronically %20response.pdf ill have been amongst the most severely affected. UNRWA’s September 2012 planning figure of 225,000 refugees living in Syria in need of assistance has grown to 360,000. T his is almost three-quarters of registered refugees in Syria. T he extent of displacement among Palestine refugees is difficult to determine precisely. Inflation and http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file loss of income mean that most refugees cannot 1 27/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinian refugees UN UNRWA s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis afford to buy sufficient food. T here are indications that the banking %20response.pdf system is under unprecedented pressure. Electricity and water cuts are now running into weeks in Ein http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 27/12/2012 Syria north Displacement Palestinian refugees el T al and Neirab camps in the north. Damascus is UN UNRWA s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis also seeing interruptions in the supply of electricity %20response.pdf and water. Based on the December 2012 needs assessment and number of applications for assistance received, UNRWA estimates that over 360,000 or 69 per cent of Palestine refugees now require http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file urgent assistance. Vulnerable conflict-affected Palestine refugees are 1 27/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinian refugees UN UNRWA s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis in desperate need of assistance to meet their basic %20response.pdf food, medical, and education needs. T he winter season presents additional challenges, as Palestine refugees whose homes have been damaged are exposed to harsh winter conditions. T he escalation of violence in Syria has forced approximately 10,000 PRS to flee to Lebanon. T he majority of the families are normally resident in Yarmouk Camp in Damascus. T hey have found temporary accommodation in the Saida area (32 per cent), as well as Beqa’a (19 per cent), Central Lebanon Area (21 per cent), North Lebanon Area (14 per cent), and T yre area (14 per cent). Even under normal circumstances, Palestine refugees in Lebanon struggle with limited rights and little access to public services and job opportunities. T he arrival of additional refugees from Syria http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 27/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinian refugees compounds the burden on Palestinian/Lebanese UN UNRWA s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis communities and UNRWA services, and presents %20response.pdf a situation that is politically sensitive to the government. Due to these reasons, PRS who have fled to Lebanon are highly vulnerable. PRS are in need of a large range of humanitarian aid in the fields of protection, emergency cash for food and rent, non-food items, health care, environmental health, emergency education, psycho-social support, and environmental health. T he winter season presents additional grave challenges with refugees in Lebanon urgently requiring heating fuel, warm clothes, and blankets. Since November 2011, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- IOM Syria has received 6,855 requests from embassies, NGOs, UN agencies and individuals 1 27/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Migrants UN IOM republic/iom-regional-response-syria- for the evacuation and crisis-27-december-2012 repatriation of stranded migrants from 43 countries. T owns and villages across Latakia, Idlib, Hama and Dera’a governorates have been effectively emptied of their populations,” says the latest report by the Independent International Commission http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 27/12/2012 Syria Latakia Displacement IDPs International Media IRIN of Inquiry on Syria. “Entire neighbourhoods in southern and eastern Damascus, Deir al-Zour and republic/nowhere-run Aleppo have been razed. T he downtown of Homs city has been devastated.” Rural Damascus has been the scene of fighting for months. But where people displaced by conflict in one town used to find shelter in another nearby, in recent weeks, refuge has become increasingly scarce as each of these communities becomes consumed by violence, aid workers http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 27/12/2012 Syria Rural Damascus Displacement IDPs said. International Media IRIN republic/nowhere-run “Now all of Rural Damascus is affected,” said Sliman Jawabra, who distributes aid from the Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) in areas affected by the conflict there. Estimates of the number of people displaced internally within Syria vary, from two million (UN) to http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 27/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs 2.5 million (the Syrian Arab Red Crescent - SARC) to 3.2 million (Syrian prime minister), with International Media IRIN republic/nowhere-run some governorate-level officials suggesting the figures may be even higher According to the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor (MOSAL), there are currently 520 shelters http://www.iom.int/files/live/sites/iom/file 1 27/12/2012 Syria Shelter IDPs inside Syria hosting 112,702 individuals (28,824 families). T he majority of IDPs in collective UN IOM s/Country/docs/IOM_Regional_Respon shelters are in Aleppo, Ar Raqqa, Hasakeh, Damascus, Rural Damascus, Daraa and Quneitra. se_Sitrep_27_December.pdf http://reliefweb.int/report/armenia/kuwait Kuwait News 1 26/12/2012 Armenia Armenia Displacement Refugees Over 8000 Syrian refugees are now living in Armenia and their number is increasing by the day. Local media -donates-usd-100000-armenia- Agency humanitarian-aid-syria-refugees An international team of researchers that interviewed Syrian kids in a refugee camp in T urkey http://www.npr.org/2012/12/26/16756823 1 26/12/2012 Turkey Turkey Health Children found that 3 out of 4 have lost a loved one. Almost half have post-traumatic stress disorder and Local media NPR 1/syrias-war-leaves-its-scars-on-the- elevated levels of depression. children http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Large-scale electricity cuts are ongoing in Homs, with sporadic shelling throughout the night and 1 26/12/2012 Syria Homs Armed violence All UN UNRWA republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation- sounds of fighter jets and air strikes during the day, all targeting Bab Amr neighbourhood update-26-december-2012 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In Hama, sporadic clashes continue in the city, although UNRWA facilities were operational as of 1 26/12/2012 Syria Hama Armed violence All UN UNRWA republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation- Monday with staff delivering 458 mattresses to IDPs who arrived from Aleppo. update-26-december-2012 Large-scale electricity and water cuts reported in most parts of Aleppo city, in addition to reports of difficulty finding bread. Clashes and explosions can be heard at night and an uneasy calm http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 26/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Armed violence All during the day with sporadic shelling sounds. Neirab and Ein al T al camps were reportedly calm UN UNRWA republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation- on Monday, with residents using alternative roads to move between the camps and city due to update-26-december-2012 armed activities on regular roads. hundreds of Syrians work illegally in Istanbul, in restaurants, clothing stores and factories, and making shoes. He said the T urkish police usually turn a blind eye, as long as the Syrians do not get involved in any criminal activity. He did not know of any cases of people being caught and sent to the camps, http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/syrian- 1 26/12/2012 Turkey Turkey LFS Refugees but said their illegal status makes them vulnerable. T emporary Protection Regime based on an International Media IRIN refugees-choosing-work-risk- European Union directive for mass influxes of displaced people. In principle, that framework exploitation guarantees temporary residence rights and access to basic services. But it does not give them access to the UN Refugee Agency's asylum system - nor the right to work. As such, like all foreigners wanting to work in T urkey, Syrians must apply for a work permit. T his usually costs between $700 and $1000, said Fatih Erol of Calismaizin, a T urkish immigration consultancy. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Jaramana, southeast of Damascus, is home to a majority Christian and Druze population and to 1 25/12/2012 Syria Jaramana Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/syria-rebels-kill-intelligence- pro-regime militia. It has suffered numerous rebel bomb attacks in recent months. officer-clashes-rage-ngo http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Elsewhere in Syria, rebels seized the town of Harem in the northwestern province of Idlib, large 1 25/12/2012 Syria Harem, Idlib Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/syria-rebels-kill-intelligence- swathes of which have slipped out of army hands officer-clashes-rage-ngo T he IRC/Save the Children report says unemployment is pushing Syrian families to send their http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/meagr 1 24/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon protection Refugees children to work - and also take on debt, frequently with their passports or identity papers as a International Media IRIN e-job-prospects-syrian-refugees guarantee. For the roughly 120,000 registered Syrian refugees in Lebanon winter means not just freezing temperatures but also fewer jobs, especially in rural areas. In October, only about 20 percent of http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/meagr 1 24/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon LFS refugees International Media IRIN refugee families were able to find employment, according to research by the International Rescue e-job-prospects-syrian-refugees Committee (IRC) and Save the Children published by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). Action Group for Syria – made up of interested parties – in late June and which lays out key steps in a process to end the violence in Syria. T he Action Group is made up of the Secretaries-General of the UN and the Arab League; the Foreign Ministers of the five permanent members of the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- UN News 1 24/12/2012 Syria Syria stakeholders All Security Council – China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States – as well as UN republic/un-arab-league-envoy-holds- the T urkish Foreign Minister; the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs Service talks-crisis-president-bashar-al-assad and Security Policy; and the Foreign Ministers of Iraq, Kuwait and Qatar, in their respective roles related to the Arab League. According to official EU statistics, member states received more than 21,000 asylum claims from Syrian nationals between March 2011 and September 2012, and Syrians formed the largest national group of asylum seekers in the EU in the third quarter of 2012. T his figure may include Syrians who were in the EU before the conflict broke out, but it does not represent the actual number of Syrians who have entered the EU since the beginning of the conflict because many have simply not applied for protection; including Syrian asylum seekers in Greece, who have been http://www.hrw.org/news/2012/12/23/eu- 1 23/12/2012 Greece Greece Displacement Refugees NGO HRW prevented from lodging asylum claims. Most asylum claims were registered in Sweden and provide-protection-syrian-refugees Germany, which have adopted a policy of automatically granting at least subsidiary protection to Syrians. Many Syrians enter the EU through Greece, however, where they face a dysfunctional asylum system and are unable or unwilling to apply for protection there. Since the beginning of 2011, more than 9,000 Syrians have been arrested for allegedly unlawfully entering and staying in Greece. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- More than 700 Palestinians have been killed in Syria since the conflict there erupted more than 21 1 23/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection Palestinian refugees International Media AFP republic/700-palestinians-killed-syria- months ago, a Palestine Liberation Organisation official in charge of refugees said on Sunday. conflict-plo Islamist rebels seized large parts of a village populated by the embattled leader's Alawite community. Rebels last week launched an all-out assault on army positions across Hama, home http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 23/12/2012 Syria Maan, Hama Armed violence All to a patchwork of religious communities, While anti-regime sentiment in the province is strong, International Media AFP republic/syrias-assad-meets-envoy- regime forces had so far suppressed any major signs of insurgency in Hama, which links regime-suffers-blow strategic provinces such as Damascus, Idlib in the northwest, and Homs in central Syria. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- at least 60 people were killed in a regime air strike on a bakery in the town of Halfaya, in the 1 23/12/2012 Syria Halfaya,, Hama Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/syrias-assad-meets-envoy- central province of Hama. regime-suffers-blow On T hursday, the commission said the conflict threatened whole communities, and warned that http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 22/12/2012 Syria Syria stakeholders All newly formed armed Islamist groups were increasingly operating independently of the main rebel International Media AFP republic/syria-islamists-warn- force, the Free Syrian Army. christians-new-patriarch-urges-peace Islamist rebels warned two Christian towns on Saturday they will be attacked if they do not evict http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 22/12/2012 Syria Hama Protection Minorities regime forces, as the new Greek Orthodox patriarch said Syria's often-fearful Christians will stay International Media AFP republic/syria-islamists-warn- put and urged a peaceful end to the conflict to the Hama provincial towns of Mharda and Sqilbiya. christians-new-patriarch-urges-peace T he family of six shares a tiny, humid apartment in Shatila, paying $300 a month. Many have http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/twice- 1 21/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Shelter Palestinian refugees rented cheap housing in several of Lebanon's 12 camps, which an international organisation International Media AFP exiled-palestinians-flee-syria-lebanon described as "the worst in the region" for Palestinian refugees. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Domeez refugee In Domeez refugee camp in Iraq, water and sanitation services are poor. T he difficult living 1 21/12/2012 Iraq Health All NGO MSF republic/humanitarian-response-still- camp conditions for refugees are compounded by the arrival of winter and sub-zero temperatures. insufficient-syrians-and-out-country T he local population has been providing support but their resources are strained as the crisis http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- persists and the number of refugees increases. T he registration of refugees is extremely slow and 1 21/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Health all NGO MSF republic/humanitarian-response-still- not enough means have been deployed to efficiently track their needs in terms of housing, basic insufficient-syrians-and-out-country living items and access to health care. T he fighting forced about 100,000 of Yarmuk's 150,000-strong population to flee, with many taking refuge in Damascus parks and squares, said the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- refugees. 1 21/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinian refugees International Media AFP republic/syria-firing-scud-style- missiles-palestinians-go-home Hours after they returned on Friday, fighting again flared in the camp for about an hour and a half, said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. T hrough its clinics SARC is trying to maintain a basic health care service for the most vulnerable in midst of the ongoing turmoil in Syria, where children and women on both sides of the conflict areas are among the most affected victims. T he attention to their medical needs has become severely restricted due to the closure of many health facilities and the lack of supplies since the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- production of drugs and medical goods in the country has come to a virtual standstill in the last arab-republic/relief-flight-urgently- 1 21/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All Red Cros Movement GRC months. T he start of the winter season has aggravated their suffering. Fuel for heating is hardly needed-medicines-sarc-clinics- available and hygienic conditions in affected areas are precarious as water and sewerage infrastructure are often damaged and cause contamination. As a consequence respiratory aleppo-idlib-and illnesses and diarrheic infections are increasing and affect especially children, who are already suffering from the material and psychological impact of the conflict. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) currently works in three field hospitals in the north of Syria. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 21/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All Specific assistance is also being provided to medical facilities, NGO MSF republic/humanitarian-response-still- such as helping set up an emergency room and a blood bank in insufficient-syrians-and-out-country Aleppo area. MSF is seeking to organize the distribution of blankets, wheat flour and medicines to displaced http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- people in the Deir Azzour area. However, thousands of people within the city of Deir Azzour remain 1 21/12/2012 Syria Deir Ezzor Health All NGO MSF republic/humanitarian-response-still- unable to access adequate health services, and the constant fighting has made it impossible either for MSF to get into the town or for the sick and wounded to be evacuated. insufficient-syrians-and-out-country T he Syrian regime has fired Scud-style missiles at rebels, NAT O said Friday. I can confirm that http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 21/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All we have detected the launch of Scud-type missiles; we strongly regret that act," Rasmussen said. International Media AFP republic/syria-firing-scud-style- "I consider it an act of a desperate regime approaching collapse." missiles-palestinians-go-home T he Syrian National Coalition (SNC) sent a clear signal that targeting civilians violates the laws of war, Human Rights Watch said today. T he coalition’s statement on December 19, 2012, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- condemned attacks on civilians, regardless of their nationality. n media interviews on December 1 21/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All NGO HRW republic/strong-coalition-message- 18, Haytham Maleh, the head of the coalition’s legal committee, said that every citizen of a state against-targeting-civilians that supports the Syrian government is a legitimate target, and noted that Russia is “fighting the Syrian people.” T he shortage of capacity continues to be a major challenge in the existing operational camps. http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- 1 21/12/2012 Turkey Turkey Displacement refugees As of end of reporting period, there are 15% more Syrians are registered in 14 camps than its UN UNHCR turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-19-21- capacity. december-2012 Civilians from Russia and other countries believed to be supporting the Assad government have faced direct threats by Syrian opposition forces. An estimated 30,000 Russians live in Syria, many married to Syrians, a result of more than 50 years of close ties and cultural and educational http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- 1 21/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection Minorities exchanges between the two countries. In October, armed groups abducted a Ukrainian journalist, NGO HRW arab-republic/strong-coalition- Anhar Kochneva, accusing her of carrying weapons and supporting the Syrian military. Her message-against-targeting-civilians captors issued a video on December 11 threatening Kochneva’s execution and saying, “Let no Russian, Ukrainian, or Iranian leave Syria alive.” Kochneva’s fate remains unknown. Human Rights Watch previously expressed concern about Free Syrian Army kidnappings of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Iranian nationals, some of whom the group has confirmed are civilians. On January 26, the Al- 1 21/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection Minorities NGO HRW republic/strong-coalition-message- Farouq battalion claimed responsibility for capturing seven Iranian nationals, five of whom appeared in video footage confessing to be members of the Iranian armed forces. against-targeting-civilians Yarmouk refugee camp is reportedly calm after days of intense fighting that led to the displacement of tens of thousands of Palestine refugees. Unconfirmed information by a small number of refugees that visited the camp today indicated the disappearance of armed opposition http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 2 21/12/2012 Syria Yarmouk Displacement Palesitnian refugees elements. T his information is noteworthy in light of reports that point to efforts by Palestinian UN UNRWA republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation- factions to forge an agreement to remove armed groups from both sides of the conflict out of the update-21-december-2012 camp. Occasional shelling reportedly continues in the areas surrounding Yarmouk and Sbeineh refugee camps, with Sbeineh camp accessible today. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Occasional shelling reportedly continues in the areas surrounding Yarmouk and Sbeineh refugee 2 21/12/2012 Syria Sbeineh Armed violence Palestinian refugees UN UNRWA republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation- camps, with Sbeineh camp accessible today. update-21-december-2012 It was reported by the MFA Regional representative that the number of Syrians across the borders of Hatay and Kilis is estimated to be 25,000 however, according to information gathered it appears that a growing community of internally displaced persons is emerging in Syria near to the http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- border, some of whom are receiving services from various international NGOs. While not all such 2 21/12/2012 Syria Border region Protection IDPs UN UNHCR turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-19-21- persons indicate they wish to cross into T urkey, the option to seek international protection must december-2012 be present and UNHCR continues to lobby with all neighbouring states that the borders stay open. While many do cross into T urkey and the numbers have consistently grown both in and outside the camps http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/winteri Approximately 35,000 displaced Syrian children aged 0 to 14 are now located in the North and zation-programme-targets-syrian- 1 21/12/2012 Lebanon Bekaa Displacement Children UN UNICEF Bekaa regions of Lebanon, areas facing extreme winter weather conditions. refugees-caught-clutches-brutal- weather Number registered in Za’atri as or 20th December 42,218* Number of new arrivals registered between 13th and 20th December 5,687 http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/weekly- 1 21/12/2012 Jordan Za'atari camp Displacement Refugees UN UNHCR report-public-health-and-nutrition- T his figure is not adequately adjusted for those who have already left the camps since the za%E2%80%99atri-camp-his-week-50 October verification exercise and who have not handed in their ration card to UNHCR. In need of 4 million http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file people in need of humanitarian 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria humanitarian All UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017 assistance across all 14 assistance governorates %20December%202012.pdf Many of the 2 million IDPs are located in schools and public buildings, which often lack or have limited heating and sanitation facilities. Most http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file IDPs are hosted in local 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017 communities whose capacity to support them has been %20December%202012.pdf stretched given the shortages of water, food and medicines and dwindling income WHO supports local NGOs in Homs, Damascus, Rif Damascus, Aleppo, Hama to provide outreach health services for the affected population. Access to health care facilities, both for patients and UNFPA provided support to reproductive health services health care providers, as well as the availability of including emergency obstetric care and psycho-social essential medicines remain the main obstacles to the provision of health care. support to approximately 24,000 women in Aleppo, ArRaqqa, T wo Maternal hospitals in Damascus reported a Damascus, Homs and Rural Damascus. Moreover, http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All doubling of the C-section rates over the last few 2,200 women received reproductive health vouchers which UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017 months. Pregnant women expressed difficulties in enabled them to access maternal health services at no cost. %20December%202012.pdf reaching health facilities in time of the delivery. On 26 November, the Ministry of Health with UNICEF’s and Increasing concerns over the nutritional status of WHO’s support launched a measles and polio vaccination children living in collective centres, in particular campaign targeting 1.4 million children under 5 years of age micro-nutrient deficiencies are reported. in 13 governorates; as of 10 December, over 517,000 children have been vaccinated against measles and 635,000 against polio. To date, UNHCR distributed essential non-food items for about 301,390 people (60,278 families). Many of the 1.2 million internally displaced people The Ministry of Local Administration has selected 40 http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Shelter All are staying in public buildings or schools and left collective shelters for immediate rehabilitation out of 520 UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017 their homes with nothing or limited belongings. potential sites. UNHCR and INGOs will start rehabilitation %20December%202012.pdf for selected shelters which is expected to benefit 20,000 people this year. UNICEF and partners provided hygiene kits to 202,500 people. UNFPA provided 33,750 hygiene kits in 11 T he Minister of Water Resources reported a governorates. worsening situation in terms of access to water and With UNICEF support, Premiere Urgence delivers daily sanitation and the consequent destruction of civilian http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file water trucking to 13 collective shelters hosting IDPs in 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Wash All WASH infrastructure. Chlorine supplies are UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017 Damascus, covering about 5,000 people. UNICEF, in precarious. WASH shortages are reported in most of %20December%202012.pdf partnership with Secours Islamique, is providing drinking the collective shelters. A comprehensive WASH needs assessments will be conducted in December water, and rehabilitating sanitation facilities to benefit 7,000 displaced people in 25 collective shelters in Damascus and Rural Damascus. 2,362 out of the country’s 22,000 public schools With UNICEF support, 106 school clubs are operating in http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file have been damaged. 1,956 schools and other public Dara’a, Rural Damascus, Lattakia and Tartous, providing 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Education All UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017 buildings are hosting IDPs across Syria (Ministry of remedial classes, recreational activities and psycho-social %20December%202012.pdf Education/UNICEF November 2012). support for 23,340 students WFP provides free common services of cargo Fuel supplies is one of the major challenges facing transportation, storage and handling for humanitarian logistics operations due to the limited availability of http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file partners. A new logistic hub is located in Safita and the 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Logistics All diesel in country which oblige authorities in charge UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017 Qamishly warehouse is operational. WFP also established of fuel supply to prioritize the diesel supplies to %20December%202012.pdf an operational fuel depot for humanitarian partners on a bakeries, hospitals, and schools. cost-recovery basis Due to insecurity, a lack of health personnel, and shortages in basic medical equipment and medicines, basic health services are struggling to function. 76% of hospitals and 15% of health centres have been damaged or destroyed. T he functioning hospitals are often overwhelmed with patients. • Hospitals and health facilities are reporting shortages of vaccines and life-saving medicines, especially antibiotics, anaesthesia, trauma medicines, intravenous fluid and medicines for http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian- 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All diabetes and hypertension. UN WHO arab-republic/health-emergency- • Over half of the ambulances are damaged or out of service which negatively impacts the highlights-november-2012 capacity to provide referral services. • Reports indicate that a large number of health personnel have left the country. • National vaccination coverage for the first quarter of 2012 dropped from 95% to 80% • Access to safe water and appropriate sanitation in affected areas has been interrupted, leading to an increased risk of waterborne diseases. T he family members are among some 9,500 Syrian refugees living with the local community in http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/tough- Erbil. Iraq's Kurdistan Region hosts three-quarters of all Syrian refugees in Iraq. T hroughout Iraq, 1 20/12/2012 Iraq Iraq Displacement Refugees UN UNHCR choices-syrian-refugees-need-life- the number of those registered or awaiting registration has tripled since September 1 – from saving-assistance 18,700 to more than 65,000. And hundreds more continue to arrive every day. T he lack of electricity across the rebel enclave is a huge obstacle for medical workers. In the Shaar district of Aleppo, a small surgical facility has been unable to carry out any operations for http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Voive of 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Health all the past two days. A doctor there explained that normally they try to do four operations a day, but NGO republic/living-conditions-difficult- america now they don’t have the money to fuel their generator. As with other makeshift emergency shelters rebel-held-syria in the rebel enclave, this one is short of equipment and drugs In Lebanon, there are 270.000 Palestinian refugees living in 12 camps and gatherings. T hose registered to UNWRA, the United Nations Agency responsible for Palestinian refugees in the Middle East, receive comprehensive support. However, some Palestinians did not have the possibility to register with UNRWA on time and others found http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 20/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Displacement Palestinian refugees no place in the densely Donor ECHO s/resources/opt_en.pdf populated camps. T he camp of Nahr el-Bared that has been destroyed in 2007 has still not been fully rebuilt and some 50,000 refugees remain displaced. T he situation in Lebanon is compounded by the arrival of refugees fleeing Syria, including more than 10,000 Palestinians refugees who were living in Syria. http://reliefweb.int/report/world/respondi At the moment there are growing concerns for the safety of the 120,000 migrant workers in Syria, 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Migrants NGO LSE ng-new-internal-displacement- many of whom are female domestic workers. challenges-displacement-non-citizens http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T housands of Palestinians returned on T hursday to a refugee camp in Damascus that has 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinian refugees International Media AFP republic/thousands-palestinians-return- become a battle ground damascus-refugee-camp Women and girls have reportedly been victims of rape and other forms of sexual violence during the conflict, including during detention. (Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria, Aug. 2012). 25% (625,000) of the affected population are http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file women aged 15-49 years. 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection Women UN OCHA s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017 150,000 deliveries are %20December%202012.pdf expected within a 6-month time-frame. Based on service providers preliminary evidence, the estimated Csection rate of all deliveries is 44% (15% higher than average), due to the concerns of pregnant women as well as difficulty in accessing services (UNFPA). UN findings that Syria's conflict has become "overtly sectarian". "As the conflict drags on, the parties have become ever more violent and unpredictable, which has led to their conduct increasingly being in breach of international law," the UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria said in a report published on T hursday. Entire communities are at risk of being forced out of the country or of being killed inside the country," it said, stressing that "with http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- communities believing -- not without cause -- that they face an existential threat, the need for a 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection Minorities International Media AFP republic/thousands-palestinians-return- negotiated settlement is more urgent than ever." damascus-refugee-camp Minority groups such as Armenians, other Christians, Druze, Palestinians, Kurds and T urkmen had also been drawn into the conflict, the report said. However, the sectarian lines fall most sharply between Syria's Alawite community, from which most of the government's senior political and military figures hail, and the country's majority Sunni community, who are broadly... in support of the anti-government armed groups." All 14 Syrian governorates are affected by the conflict. Most are experiencing violence, and all are http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs recipients of IDPs. At the end of November the highest number of IDPs were in the governorates of NGO ActaAlliance s/resources/SYR121Rev3_Conflict.pdf Homs (495,000 people), Aleppo (440,500), Idlib and Damascus (about 295,000 each) In a 193-state vote at the UN General Assembly, 135 countries voted in favour of a resolution http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All slamming "grave" and "systematic" abuses in Syria, which came as a diplomatic blow for International Media AFP republic/thousands-palestinians-return- President Bashar al-Assad. damascus-refugee-camp In the southern governorates of Dara’a, al-Suweida and al-Qunayterah, Government forces remain in control of main localities. T his is due to the heavy presence of army units and security services, together with the existence of relatively disorganised and poorly armed anti-Government groups in these areas. Reports from northern and central provinces describe a different reality, with antiGovernment armed groups exercising control over large swathes of territory. http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Armed Violence All Armed groups in governorates such as Idlib, Latakia and Aleppo have been able to UN UNOHCR ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf coordinate effectively, both with each other and with unified local military councils. Violence has increased dramatically in and around major cities, in particular Damascus and Aleppo, where anti-Government fighters have advanced to neighbourhoods close to the cities’ centres. Anti-Government armed groups were also reported in governorates such as al-Raqqah and al-Hasakah where they have clashed with army units, provoking shelling and artillery attacks. T he patterns of international human rights and humanitarian law violations that were noted in http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All UN UNOHCR previous reports have continued unabated, alongside a proliferation of both anti- ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf and pro-Government armed entities. Interviews with fighters, including some defectors, indicate that newly formed armed opposition groups are less likely to attach themselves to the Free Syrian Army (FSA). Many operate independently from existing groups or are affiliated to http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria stakeholders All Islamist groups such as Jabhat al-Nusra. Foreign fighters, many of whom also have UN UNOHCR links to other extremist groups, are present in Idlib, Latakia and Aleppo ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf governorates. Multiple interviewees noted that while these groups are independent of the FSA, they coordinate attacks with them. http://reliefweb.int/map/syrian-arab- Over 2,000 Palestine refugees arrived in Lebanon in the past several days, many without 1 20/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Displacement Palestinian refugees UN UNOCHA republic/syria-yarmouk-camp-situation- necessary provisions. update-20-december-2012 Some minority communities, notably the Alawites and Christians, have formed armed self-defence groups to protect their neighbourhoods from anti-Government fighters by establishing checkpoints around these areas. Some of those local groups, known as http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All UN UNOHCR Popular Committees, are said to have participated alongside Government forces in ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf military operations in Damascus countryside in T adamon and Said al-Zeinab neighbourhoods. Interviewees alleged that the Government provided arms and uniforms to these groups Increased sectarianism: T he country’s other minority groups, such as the Armenians, Christians, Druze, Palestinians, Kurds and T urkmen (see Section IV), have been drawn into the conflict. However, the sectarian lines fall most sharply between Syria’s Alawite community, from which most of the Government’s senior political and military http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All UN UNOHCR figures hail, T he Commission has received credible reports of anti-Government armed groups ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf attacking Alawites and other pro-Government minority communities. Feeling threatened and under attack, ethnic and religious minority groups have increasingly aligned themselves with parties to the conflict, deepening sectarian divides. Investigations continue regarding reports that pro-Government forces are unlawfully killing armed and unarmed persons suspected of opposing the Government. Accounts from Latakia indicate that Shabbiha arrest and torture, http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count 1 20/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All UN UNOHCR including torturing to death, suspected opposition members. Consistent accounts of summary ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf executions by anti-Government armed groups continue to be collected. U Fighting in and around Yarmouk, a district of Damascus that is home to the largest community of Palestine refugees in Syria, has been on the rise over the past several months. T his fighting 1 20/12/2012 Syria Yarmouk Displacement Palestinian refugees sharply escalated on 16 December following an attack by Syrian Air Force jets 1 , which left at least eight people dead and many more inju As a result of the constant escalation of violence, Syria's infrastructure has been considerably degraded. Essential public services such as the supply of water are severely affected. "Millions of people are at risk of not having enough clean drinking water," said Sameer Putros, who is in charge of the ICRC's water and habitat activities in Syria. "Security constraints, and shortages of the products required to treat water, make it difficult for local water boards to provide clean water for residents and displaced people." 1 17/12/2012 Syria Syria WASH All Since November, the ICRC has been supporting the Ministry of Water Resources and local water Red Cros Movement ICRC View article... boards by providing consumable water-treatment products. "Our project helped ensure that some 10 million people in T artous, Lattakia, Al-Quneitra, Deir Ezzor, Al Hassakeh, Al-Raqqa, Homs, Damascus and Rural Damascus, Hama, Daraa and Al Sweida have clean water," T he ICRC's efforts to help ensure that people have clean drinking water have at times been hampered in certain areas, such as Aleppo and Deir Ezzor, because of the ongoing armed confrontations. "Water that has not been disinfected can contain various bacteria and viruses that may cause all kinds of gastrointestinal disorders, such as acute diarrhoea, which can be fatal, especially for Hundreds of Palestinian families arrive at border 1 17/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinians International Media Alertnet View article... Clashes rage in Palestinian district of DamascusIntra-Palestinian fighting in Syria Residents of a Palestinian camp in Damascus were fleeing on Monday amid fresh clashes, as Syrian warplanes raided the eastern outskirts of the city to try to quash the rebellion in the capital. 1 17/12/2012 Syria Damascus Armed violence Palestinian Clashes renewed Monday in the Yarmuk refugee camp in southern Damascus between pro-regime International Media AFP View article... Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command and rebels fighting President Bashar al-Assad's forces said people in the camp were fleeing en masse for other parts of Damascus, while others View article... 1 17/12/2012 Syria Damascus Displacement Palestinian International Media AFP scrambled to find safety elsewhere. Military reinforcements were seen travelling from Mazzeh military airport west of Damascus to Daraya farther south. 1 17/12/2012 Syria Daraya Armed violence All T he scene of the bloodiest massacre in the 21-month conflict, Daraya has been under siege by International Media AFP View article... the army for a month and suffered ongoing shelling by troops trying to enter the rebel stronghold. In the central province of Homs, heavy fighting erupted in Halfaya as rebels attacked army 1 17/12/2012 Syria Homs Armed violence All International Media AFP View article... checkpoints and troops shelled the town, where 23 people, mostly civilians, died in clashes and bombardments on Sunday, the Observatory said. T he Observatory also reported bombardments on the nearby town of Kfar Zeita, where three View article... 1 17/12/2012 Syria Kfar Zeita Armed violence All International Media AFP children were killed in air raids on Sunday. In Syria's second city Aleppo, beset by deadly urban combat for five months, clashes erupted near 1 17/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Armed violence All International Media AFP View article... a military headquarters in the Zahraa neighbourhood in the northwest and in districts throughout the city, it said. Yarmouk, a suburb of Damascus, have experienced particularly intense armed engagements involving the use of heavy weapons and aircraft. Credible reports point to civilian deaths, injuries and destruction of property in Yarmouk. T here are also waves of significant displacement as http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Yarmouk residents, including UNRWA staff and their families, scramble to seek safety as the republic/yarmouk-syria-humanitarian- 1 17/12/2012 Syria Yarmouk Displacement refugees UN UNRWA armed conflict persists. Palestine refugees are also fleeing beyond Damascus. Although the needs-rising-residents-flee-fighting- scale and direction of this movement cannot be precisely determined, some have made their way seek to Lebanon. Initial reports indicate that well over 2,000 people have attempted or are attempting to enter Lebanon. Rural areas are particularly vulnerable due to the increased challenges involved with lack of communication and limited movement. Having lived in the http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 17/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All conflict for an Red Cros Movement IFRC s/resources/MDRSY003rea%20%281 extended period, many people, especially families with children, are in need of psychosocial %29.pdf support. Hundreds of Palestinians refugees living in Syria flooded into Lebanon on Monday after clashes raged between Palestinian factions loyal to and opposed to President Bashar al-Assad in a district of Damascus. A Lebanese security source said the refugees from Damascus' Yarmouk Camp suburb had tried to flee on Sunday but the road was blocked by fighting. Heavy fighting http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/palest broke out two weeks ago between Palestinians loyal to Assad and Syrian rebels, together with a 1 17/12/2012 Syria Yarmouk Armed violence Palestinians International Media Reuters inians-flood-into-lebanon-after- brigade of Palestinian fighters known as Liwaa al-Asifah (Storm Brigade). damascus-fighting/ Clashes flared again after Sunday's air strike, between Palestinians from the pro-Assad Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC) and Syrian rebels supported by other Palestinian fighters. Clashes and shelling also continue in Husseiniyeh, with a number of shells reportedly impacting http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 17/12/2012 Syria Armed violence Palestinian refugees within the camp. T here are also reports of armed opposition elements present in the camp. UN UNRWA 1591 Residents are able to leave the camp, but not with their belongings. Shelling and clashes were reported in the vicinity of Sbeineh camp, amid rumors that at least one shell landed within the camp, killing seven people. It is unclear if any of these were refugees. Armed opposition elements are reportedly still in the camp, and security forces control movement http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 17/12/2012 Syria Rural Damascus Armed violence Palestinian refugees UN UNRWA in and out of the camp. Residents have been able to enter and exit, but are still are not permitted 1591 to take out any belongings. Commercial traffic into the camp is still not allowed, and all facilities remain closed. Clashes and shelling continue in Sit Zeinab, including within Qabr Essit camp. Security forces http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 17/12/2012 Syria Rural Damascus Armed violence Palestinian refugees UN UNRWA reportedly continue to prevent movement in and out of the camp, and all facilities remain closed. 1591 Warplanes staged an air strike on an area near Al-Bassel hospital... in Yarmuk camp," the Observatory said. Residents told AFP that a missile hit the Abdel Qader Husseini Mosque in the heart of the camp. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T he mosque was acting as a makeshift shelter for some 600 people forced to flee their homes in 1 16/12/2012 Syria Damascus Armed violence all International Media AFP republic/syria-warplanes-deadly-raid- nearby districts engulfed in violence. T here is a state of real war in the camp now," Yarmuk palestinian-camp resident Abu Mohammed told AFP by Internet. "T here are intense battles between the Free Syrian Army and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command," a hardline Palestine militant group that has long been a Damascus ally. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In the northern province of Aleppo, eight people including three children, died in air strikes on the 1 16/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Armed violence all International Media AFP republic/syria-warplanes-deadly-raid- town of Safira. palestinian-camp http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 16/12/2012 Syria Hama Armed violence all In the central province of Hama, three children were killed in air raids on the town of Kfar Zeita. International Media AFP republic/syria-warplanes-deadly-raid- palestinian-camp http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Just south of Kfar Zeita, six civilians were killed in shelling on Latamneh village and 23 people, 1 16/12/2012 Syria Kfar Zeita Armed violence all International Media AFP republic/syria-warplanes-deadly-raid- including 15 civilians, died in clashes and army bombardments on the town of Halfaya. palestinian-camp http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T he Agency has advocated to maintain the neutrality of the 525,000 Palestine refugees in Syria 1 16/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinians UN UNRWA republic/statement-unrwa-todays- and not implicate them in the conflict. events-yarmouk-camp-syria http://blogs.aljazeera.com/topic/syria/e Egypt's Foreign Ministry says that Cairo has more evacuated more than 4,000 of its nationals and 0 16/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Egyptians International Media Al Jazeera gypt-evacuates-4000-people-syria- their family members from Syria over the past several months foreign-ministry-cairo-says Syrian rebels have launched an operation to take control of the central province of Hama to try to link the northern part of the country under their control to the centre, a senior commander said on Sunday. "When we liberate the countryside of Hama province ... then we will have the area http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syria- 1 16/12/2012 Syria Hama Armed violence All between Aleppo and Hama liberated and open for us," he told Reuters. International Media Alertnet rebels-start-operation-to-seize-hama-- senior-commander Rebels in Hama said that clashes in the town of Helfaya earlier on Sunday marked the beginning of the operation. T hey attacked army checkpoints outside the town. Syrian warplanes bombed the town of Azaz close to the T urkish border on Sunday, destroying at 1 16/12/2012 Syria Azaz Armed violence All least five homes, causing hundreds of people to flee and stirring panic at a Syrian refugee camp International Media Alertnet Alertnet just inside T urkey, T urkish officials said. Intensive clashes have reportedly encroached on Yarmouk, Damascus from surrounding areas, resulting in large numbers of refugees becoming displaced and attempting to flee the area. Numerous casualties have been reported and the Agency is currently assessing reported damage to one of its schools by shelling. UNRWA installations in other parts of the city are prepared to receive displaced people this evening. Yarmouk is home to approximately 160,000 Palestine refugees and is the largest UNRWA's rapid-needs assessment was completed http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 2 16/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinians UN UNRWA concentration of Palestine refugees in Syria. Palestine refugees continue to struggle with rising last week 1574 food, commodity and fuel prices, and increasing levels of displacement are compounding needs. Over 1,000 refugees from Ein el T al camp in Aleppo fled to surrounding villages and Hama due to clashes in the immediate vicinity of the camp, and refugees living in Yarmouk, Damascus are currently attempting to flee the area due to intensive and sustained clashes in the area itself. UNRWA's rapid-needs assessment was completed last week, indicating that of a total population of 525,000, approximately 360,000 individuals are unable to meet basic food needs and have requested assistance from UNRWA. Ninety-nine per cent of all refugees are in need of heating fuel and 90 per cent are in need of food assistance. Vulnerable conflict- affected Palestine refugees are in desperate need of assistance to meet http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS Palestinians UN UNRWA their basic food, medical, and education needs. T he winter season presents additional 1574 challenges, as Palestine refugees whose homes have been damaged are more vulnerable as they lack adequate shelter during the winter months. Blankets, quilts, heating fuel, and warm clothes are needed to protect them from exposure to the cold. T here is also a need to rehabilitate UNRWA facilities that are being used as temporary shelter As the conflict in Syria continues, MAG is continuing to help the increasing number of refugees fleeing to landmine-affected areas of northern Iraq. According to figures from UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, more than 65,000 Syrians have so far Mines http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/supportin 1 16/12/2012 Iraq Dohuk Protection refugees crossed the border, 40,000-plus of whom are being housed in Dohuk governorate. NGO Advisory g-syrian-refugees Group T his region, alongside the former Green Line separating Kurdish-controlled areas from those under Iraqi Government jurisdiction, is highly contaminated with landmines and unexploded ordnance. 1,000 refugees flee Ein el T al camp in Aleppo due to conflict in the immediate http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Displacement Palestinians UN UNRWA vicinity. 1574 Currently, there are 2,631 internally displaced persons (IDPs) sheltering in eight UNRWA school buildings, with the Agency preparing for increased numbers following the http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Palestinians UN UNRWA displacements of the past week. Approximately 76 per cent of the displaced population 1574 residing in UNRWA school buildings is made up of women and children. T he Agency remains concerned about reported cases of refoulement of refugees http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Jordan Jordan Protection Palestinians UN UNRWA attempting to cross into Jordan, 1574 Intensive shelling and clashes continued throughout the week in Hajar al Aswad, http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Syria Damascus Armed violence Palestinians T adhamon, Yalda and Qadam, and on Wednesday clashes were reported again on the edge UN UNRWA 1574 of Yarmouk. Operational http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Syria Syria Palestinians Refugee camps are becoming increasingly inaccessible to Agency staff UN UNRWA Constraints 1574 Intensive clashes and shelling continue in Aleppo, particularly in the areas of Leramon, Sakhur, Bustan al Qasr, Bustan al Bashar, Asha'ar and the Old City. Large, if not most, http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Armed violence Palestinians UN UNRWA areas of the city are still without regular electricity or water, and communication is still 1574 unreliable. Shelling intensified around Ein el T al camp towards the end of the week, leading to the http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Displacement Palestinians displacement of 1,000 Palestine refugees and closure of UNRWA facilities. Most of the UN UNRWA 1574 refugees have fled to Hama camp, T here are approximately 2,366 Palestine refugees (533 families) who have fled Syria into http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 16/12/2012 Jordan Jordan Displacement Palestinians Jordan and sought assistance from UNRWA. Most of these families are located in Irbid, UN UNRWA 1574 Cyber City camp, Zarqa and Amman Currently, there are over 10,000 Palestine refugees from Syria who have entered Lebanon. http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id= 1 16/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Displacement Palestinians UN UNRWA Approximately 71 per cent of the refugees are women and children 1574 It was reported by the local authorities MFA/Sub Governor of Ceylanpinar that due to the conflict between the opposition groups and the Syrian Gov. forces in Ras Al-Ayn (across Ceylanpinar) on 12-13 Dec. 2012, 23 wounded Syrians were brought to T urkey of whom 2 died. No influx took place towards the border. T he shortage in the capacity of the existing operational camps is the main challenge . As of end of the reporting period the total number of Syrians registered in 14 camps is %12 more than the camps' capacity. According to the figures of Ceylanpinar and Akcakale camps, http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr- 1 16/12/2012 Turkey Turkey Armed violence Refugees more than 15,000 people registered in these two camps are staying with their relatives in the UN UNHCR turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-12-16- nearby villages with permission from the camp officials. It was also reported by other camps that december-2012 they have to accommodate some thousands of people in the communal tents due to shortage of space in the camps. T here are some more than 2,500 Syrians acommodated in communal tents in Kahramanmaras. It is reported by the local authorities (MFA/Coordinator Governorate), there are 6 more camps are under construction of which 5 are container sites and 1 tent camp. T wo of the container sites Nizp-2 in Gaziantep province with 5,000 capacity and Harran Kokenli in Sanliurfa provincebroke10,000 Lebanon's restive border with Syria on Saturday, pitting unidentifiedJan. A clash with out on capacity are expected to be completed by end of Dec 2012 or early armed http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/cross- men on the Lebanese side against Syrian regime troops across the frontier, a security official 1 15/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Armed violence All International Media AFP border-clash-lebanon-syria-frontier- said. "T he armed men fired automatic machineguns into Syria, while Syrian troops fired artillery official shells and gunfire into Lebanon," the official said on condition of anonymity. Syrian opponents announced in Amman on Saturday the establishment of the new Free National http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Political Gathering aimed at "protecting state institutions" should the regime of President Bashar al-Assad 1 15/12/2012 Syria Syria All International Media AFP republic/syria-dissident-group-set- developments fall. We have set up this gathering in order to protect 1.5 million people employed in Syrian state protect-state-institutions institutions http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in- PIN estimates that only 1 to 2 million people remain of Aleppo's original 4 million inhabitants. 1 14/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Displacement IDPs International Media Alertnet syria-hunger-spreads-as-war- Hundreds of thousands may be in need in Aleppo alone, intensifies/ With up to 1,000 Syrian refugees arriving in Iraq every week, the UN urgently requires additional http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/following- funds to scale up its humanitarian assistance to all Syrian refugees in Iraq. According to the UN News refugee-camp-visit-un-officials-flag- 1 14/12/2012 Iraq Iraq Displacement Refugees latest figures from UNHCR, there are presently over 63,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq. In the last four UN Service need-more-funds-help-displaced- months, the number of refugees has increased six-fold from the around 10,000 Syrian refugees syrians who were registered in Iraq at the end of July. http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/following- Acute respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, are of particular concern to children during the UN News refugee-camp-visit-un-officials-flag- 1 14/12/2012 Iraq Iraq Health Refugees UN winter months Service need-more-funds-help-displaced- syrians Conditions are especially dire in the northern city of Aleppo, where civilians enduring incessant clashes and air raids in rebel-held districts say hunger is a new threat to survival. People started http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Aleppo LFS all getting into fist fights over the flour. Some days, rebels have to fire in the air to stop the fighting. International Media Alertnet syria-hunger-spreads-as-war- Many more Syrians are without work and often have to decide between buying heating fuel or food. intensifies/ Some families chop up trees or even furniture for firewood, T he U.N. agency relies on the local Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) to distribute its aid, and activists say they rarely see the group distributing in rebel-held areas. WFP and SARC say http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in- Operational violence has constrained their ability to get to those in need. Some locals accuse SARC, which 1 14/12/2012 Syria Rebel held areas all International Media Alertnet syria-hunger-spreads-as-war- Constraints has ties to the government, of limiting aid to rebel-held areas, essentially helping the army intensifies/ enforce collective punishment. But others blame the rebels, who say distrustful fighters sometimes attack the SARC convoys. http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in- T he World Food Programme (WFP) says as many as a million people may go hungry this winter, 1 14/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All International Media Alertnet syria-hunger-spreads-as-war- as worsening security conditions make it harder to reach conflict zones. intensifies/ http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in- Bread queues can wrap around city blocks and last for hours. A week ago, residents in rebel-held 1 14/12/2012 Syria Aleppo LFS All International Media Alertnet syria-hunger-spreads-as-war- parts of Aleppo formed bread lines at 2 a.m. for bakeries that opened eight hours later. intensifies/ Despite the hardships, activists in northern Syria say many poor residents will not make the trek to http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement All refugee camps on the border. T hey said conditions in the cold, muddy tents were too bad for the International Media Alertnet syria-hunger-spreads-as-war- harsh northern winter. Others simply couldn't afford the fare to send their families intensifies/ Also today, the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) warned that Syrians are at risk of being killed and maimed as a result of explosive remnants of war (ERW) left behind in the wake of the conflict http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/following- in Syria. According to UNMAS – which coordinates and delivers clearance of landmines and other UN News refugee-camp-visit-un-officials-flag- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All explosive remnants of war left behind after the cessation of armed conflict – the intensity and UN Service need-more-funds-help-displaced- length of the conflict in Syria has involved the use of a broad range of weapons which will result in a devastating level of deadly explosives littering residential areas in cities and towns syrians throughout the country long after the conflict ceases. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Damascus Armed violence All Syrian troops bombed southern districts of Damascus on Friday International Media AFP republic/damascus-pounded-amid- deadly-clashes-near-aleppo-ngo http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Armed violence All while rebels and soldiers battled around two military schools in the north of the country International Media AFP republic/damascus-pounded-amid- deadly-clashes-near-aleppo-ngo http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In the T assil area of the southern province of Daraa, three civilians were killed and several 1 14/12/2012 Syria Dara'a Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/damascus-pounded-amid- wounded by artillery fire at dawn deadly-clashes-near-aleppo-ngo Fighting also broke out in the northwestern province of Idlib around the military base at Wadi Daif, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Idlib Armed violence All under siege by rebels since they seized the nearby town of Maaret al-Numan, which was hit by air International Media AFP republic/damascus-pounded-amid- raids on Friday. deadly-clashes-near-aleppo-ngo T hese formal local councils are strongest in Idlib and Aleppo province where the regime's hold, http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo- Political even over the central cities, is weakening. T he local councils, which now exist in all 14 Syrian way/2012/12/14/167256899/amid-food- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Syria All International Media NPR developments provinces, are linked to the newly formed Syrian National Coalition, now recognized by the U.S. shortages-syrian-opposition-now-runs- and more than 100 governments as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people. many-towns About 30 percent of families in rebel areas are in dire need of food aid in Aleppo. Another 10 percent hit rock bottom already. T hey have nothing left to sell for food. Syrians say prices in some http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Aleppo LFS all places have soared 300 to 500 percent. In Aleppo, activists said bread made with subsidised International Media Alertnet syria-hunger-spreads-as-war- flour now sells for 75 lira ($1), up from 15 lira a few weeks ago. Unsubsidised bread, at 120 lira intensifies/ last week, is now over 200. http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in- Food costs have shot up 20 percent in the past week alone, he said, piling on misery after 1 14/12/2012 Syria Damascus LFS All International Media Alertnet syria-hunger-spreads-as-war- increases of 50 to 80 percent earlier in the year. intensifies/ T he food crisis is especially dire in Aleppo province, where the main city, Aleppo, has been http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo- without water and electricity for weeks. "T here is hardly any bread," says Syrian journalist Samir way/2012/12/14/167256899/amid-food- 1 14/12/2012 Syria Aleppo LFS All Kanjo, who lives in southern T urkey but still has family in Aleppo. People who still have money International Media NPR shortages-syrian-opposition-now-runs- can buy bread at 20 times the price, but 70 percent of the people in the city can't afford bread at any price, "We have 6 million people in the province. We need 1,200 tons of bread a day," many-towns Damascus no longer safe for Syria's displaced. As Syrian rebel fighters edge closer towards central Damascus, displaced families who first flocked to the capital to escape the civil war http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/fear- 1 13/12/2012 Syria Damascus Displacement All elsewhere fear they will lose their safe haven. International Media Alertnet grips-civilians-as-war-laps-closer-to- Rebels warn battle for Damascus is imminent syrian-capital/ T he city's streets have now turned into a labyrinth of checkpoints and road blocks, with several major roads permanently closed off to traffic by concrete barriers. Vigilant armed men in civilian clothing stand guard at every turn. It is not unusual for them to open fire at the slightest perception of a threat, And, desperate to flush out rebels, Assad's forces have been strangling their http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/fear- strongholds, preventing much needed supplies from entering even though civilians still live there. 1 13/12/2012 Syria Damascus LFS All International Media Alertnet grips-civilians-as-war-laps-closer-to- "(Security forces) don't let anything in. No fruit and vegetables, no flour for the bread oven, no baby syrian-capital/ milk. When the water delivery came, they made the driver empty his entire tank on the street, Even the privileged in Damascus are not immune to worsening bread and heating oil shortages - or to the general malaise. When available, heating oil is almost 20 times more expensive than it was before the crisis. She said she could not even find non-subsidised bread, which sells at 150 Syrian pounds ($2) a http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/fear- 1 13/12/2012 Syria Damascus LFS All dozen flat loaves. T he price at government-subsidised bakeries is only 15 pounds but there is no International Media Alertnet grips-civilians-as-war-laps-closer-to- guarantee you'll get any even after queuing for hours. syrian-capital/ Syria currently has enough wheat reserves for one year and a half, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, which expects this winter's crop to bring stocks to four million tons. But some observers question whether the government is painting an overly rosy picture. T here is little independent data about the success of this year's harvest, but the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says there are several reasons to assume it was below average: rains were http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97036/SY 1 13/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All International Media IRIN poor; insecurity prevented farmers from accessing their land; and a fuel and labour shortage led to RIA-Bread-shortages-rising some croplands not being harvested at all. In September, FAO forecast a production of 3.5 million tons of cereals in 2012, down from 4.7 million in 2011. A worsening fuel shortage is jeopardizing the new planting season, which ends in December/January. When one aid worker recently visited Syria's agricultural areas in the northeast, farmers told him: "Forget about oil to heat our homes; just give us diesel to irrigate our fields." n addition, Syria normally relies on imports for almost half of its domestic food needs: FAO predicts it will need to import more than five million tons of Already, the World Health Organization is July 2012 about malnutrition more than a third from cereals for food and animal feed between concernedand June 2013 - uppotentially becoming a problem. “T he prolonged unrest has resulted in growing food insecurity, unhygienic living conditions, http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97036/SY 1 13/12/2012 Syria Syria Nutrition All International Media IRIN overcrowding, inaccessible or limited healthcare services and reduced immunization coverage for RIA-Bread-shortages-rising children under five years of age,” it said in a recent report. “T hese combined factors may have serious implications on the nutritional status of children under five years of age and pregnant and lactating women.” T he government has not acknowledged a wheat shortage in the country. Local media recently quoted Qadri Jamil, Syria's deputy prime minister for economic affairs, as saying the country's "bread crisis" was due to the shut-down of many mills - including 23 in the embattled northern city of Aleppo alone - and challenges transporting flour from one part of the country to another. http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97036/SY 1 13/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All International Media IRIN T he country's normal production of 8-9,000 tons of flour per day has been reduced by 40 percent, RIA-Bread-shortages-rising he said. At the end of November, flour was hard to find even in supermarkets in Damascus, one of the least affected parts of the country. Rebel groups and government officials have reportedly begun making deals to ensure people get the basics they need to survive. Last month, the civil revolutionary council in the northern town of Al-Bab and its surroundings announced on its Facebook page that it had signed an agreement with the governor of Aleppo to trade wheat stored in rebel-controlled silos for flour, fuel and heating oil from government areas. But leaving Syria for neighbouring countries has grown increasingly tricky, despite the army of smugglers willing to take refugees across muddy fields and past T urkish checkpoints. "We tried to cross into T urkey. We were turned back," said Umm Anis, a widow living in a soggy tent with her daughter, son-in-law and grandchildren. "We pray to God to bring down this regime so we can go home." http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/de In the T urkish border town of Kilis, officials are not accepting more Syrian refugees – the town is 1 13/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs International Media Guardian c/13/syria-refugees-starvation- full. Some 21,000 Syrians are already living in a sprawling refugee camp, sleeping in comparatively luxurious shipping containers. humanitarian-disaster T hose stuck in Syria have learned to improvise. On the Bab al-Salam camp side of the border, families have hung washing between olive trees; children hawk biscuits and cigarettes; families boil water over makeshift fires lit with scavenged wood. T he camp authorities serve two meals a day: a breakfast of bread and jam; and a late afternoon meal: a plastic container of pasta. Moscow acknowledged on T hursday that the Syrian regime, its longtime ally, might lose its battle http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 13/12/2012 Syria Syria Armed violence All with Arab- and Western-backed rebels. In recent weeks, rebel capture of a series of key army International Media AFP republic/russia-says-rebels-may-win- bases, notably by jihadists, has given them control of large swathes of northern and eastern Syria, jihadists-claim-damascus-bomb http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- A car bombing on T hursday in the government-held town of Qatana, southwest of Damascus, 1 13/12/2012 Syria Qatana Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/russia-says-rebels-may-win- struck near an elementary school. jihadists-claim-damascus-bomb Since November 2011, 6,845 stranded migrants from 43 countries have requested IOM evacuation http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 13/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Migrants assistance to UN IOM republic/iom-regional-response-syria- safely return to their country of origin. T crisis-13-december-2012 IOM shared its proposed registration system and eligibility criteria for vulnerable Lebanese returnees fleeing the Syria crisis to the Government of Lebanon, pursuant to the Memorandum of http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 13/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Displacement Returnees Understanding (MOU) signed on 26 November with the Lebanese Government Higher Relief UN IOM republic/iom-regional-response-syria- Commission (HRC) and the World Food Programme (WFP) to establish targeted assistance to the crisis-13-december-2012 most vulnerable Lebanese returnee families. health issues are being fully addressed by emergency and curative services directly provided in The joint UN inter-agency health mission (WHO, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- the camps through health centres and field hospitals as well as through referral systems. All 1 13/12/2012 Turkey Turkey Displacement Refugees UNFPA, UNICEF, IOM, UNHCR) conducted on 4-5 UN IOM republic/iom-regional-response-syria- Syrians in the camps and also those accommodated in family or private accommodations have December led by WHO and supported by MoH staff, crisis-13-december-2012 full access to all health services free of charge. WFP reports that most basic food items are generally still available in the market (with notable exceptions for periods of time in specific areas), but they are not always affordable. As unemployment increases, more and more Syrians are falling into poverty. Queues at government- subsidized shops are getting longer and even families not directly affected by the violence are showing up at the offices of aid agencies, begging for food. http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97036/SY 1 13/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All International Media IRIN RIA-Bread-shortages-rising Compared to the third quarter of 2012, wheat flour and sugar prices increased by 15 and 8 percent respectively in the last quarter, according to WFP's latest food security monitoring bulletin. In Aleppo, the price of bread, if available at all, is 50 percent higher than in other governorates, having reached 250 Syrian pounds for 1kg. Even in Damascus, the price of eggs, fresh fruit and vegetables has risen dramatically. If this were not bad enough, there is overwhelming evidence that the military forces of Syria's http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/de 2 13/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All President Bashar al-Assad have deliberately targeted bakeries, in what appears to be official International Media Guardian c/13/syria-refugees-starvation- policy to starve rebel areas into submission. humanitarian-disaster T ens of thousands of people, many of them wounded, are trapped in the city of Deir Ezzor, eastern Syria, due to intense fighting and aerial bombardments. Deir Ezzor currently has just one makeshift hospital with only four doctors working there. An MSF team unofficially visited Deir Ezzor http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- governorate in late November to evaluate the needs in this isolated region ravaged by the war. It MSF teams are working in three hospitals located in northern republic/deir-ezzor-tens-thousands- 1 12/12/2012 Syria Deir Ezzor Health All NGO MSF was too dangerous to enter the city of Deir Ezzor, home to a reported 600,000 people prior to the and northwestern Syria. people-including-sick-and-wounded- conflict, but local people reported that tens of thousands of people are trapped in the city, which need is being shelled and bombed daily. T hose who remain are predominantly the poor and the elderly who were unable or unwilling to leave and are now extremely vulnerable. Many children have been unable to attend school for the past 18 months, due to on-going http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file violence and insecurity. School attendance is very low in some governorates. In Aleppo s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Education All UN OCHA for example, where fighting has been relentless over recent months, an estimated 14 per 0Bulletin%20- cent of children are able to go to school, according to the Minister of Education %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf In a recent report, Human Rights Watch highlighted that opposition groups are using http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file children for combat and other military purposes. Children as young as 14 years of age s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 2 12/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All have served in at least three opposition brigades, transporting arms and acting as UN OCHA 0Bulletin%20- lookouts, according to Human Rights Watch. Children as young as 16 years of age have %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf carried arms and taken combat roles against the Syrian Armed Forces, T he lives of Syrians across the country are increasingly affected by electricity cuts and http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file lack of fuel supplies. In the past two weeks, electricity cuts have become more frequent in s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All UN OCHA the capital Damascus. Such electricity blackouts impact the operations of health facilities 0Bulletin%20- and bakeries and negatively affect people’s access to cooking and heating %20Issue%20No%2014_1.pdf http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Operational Delivery of humanitarian s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Syria All UN OCHA Constraints assistance has also been affected, as fuel shortages have caused delays to aid convoys. 0Bulletin%20- %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf Access to safe drinking water and appropriate sanitation in affected areas has been interrupted, leading to an increased risk of waterborne diseases, according to WHO. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Shortages of chlorine gas and sodium chloride in some governorates have led to restrictions on s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Syria WASH All the delivery of potable water, especially to rural areas. Due to such UN OCHA 0Bulletin%20- shortages, insufficient quantities of water are being treated. WHO reports that there is only one supplier for these essential chemicals left in the country and prices of supplies %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf are reported to have risen five-fold. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file Internal displacement remains a constant feature of the current conflict. UNDP has s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs reported a growing number of new IDP families in need of assistance in Dera’a, UN OCHA 0Bulletin%20- Hassakeh, Ar-Raqqa, Rural Damascus and Suweida. %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf T he lives of Syrians across the country are increasingly affected by electricity cuts and http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file lack of fuel supplies. In the past two weeks, electricity cuts have become more frequent in s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All UN OCHA the capital Damascus. Such electricity blackouts impact the operations of health facilities 0Bulletin%20- and bakeries and negatively affect people’s access to cooking and heating %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf According to http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file UNRWA, some 360,000 refugees are now affected by the crisis and require urgent UN agencies deliver NFIs to 39,000 people in Homs, s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Syria Number of affected Palestinians assistance as they are no longer able to meet basic needs. More than 10,000 Palestine UN OCHA Hassakeh and ArRaqqa 0Bulletin%20- refugees have crossed into Lebanon, while another 2,000 Palestine refugees have fled to %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf Jordan. WFP is warning that food insecurity is on the rise due to bread shortages and higher food prices in many parts of the country. Bread shortages are becoming more common with long queues in front of bakeries, a shortage of fuel affecting output, damage to bakeries, http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file and increased demand from fresh waves of internally displaced people. Most basic food s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All items are still available in the market, but at higher prices. In areas of fighting, shortages UN OCHA 0Bulletin%20- of some food commodities have been observed while prices have almost doubled. In these areas, access to the market is often curtailed. In Aleppo, the majority of the %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf population is now dependent on sourcing bread from bakeries where prices are up to 40- 50 per cent higher as compared to prices in other governorates. WFP staff monitoring food http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file distribution in different parts of the country report that food consumption is low among s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2 1 12/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All UN OCHA some displaced families staying in schools and public buildings due to lack of adequate 0Bulletin%20- cooking facilities. %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf And as concerns mount in the West that hardline Islamists are hijacking the uprising, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Political 1 11/12/2012 US Nationwide All Washington is set to declare the Al-Nusra Front a "foreign terrorist organisation," according to International Media AFP republic/jihadists-seize-key-north- developments documents posted in the US Federal Register. syria-army-base Jihadists have seized a strategic army base in northern Syria, a watchdog said. T he capture by the Al-Nusra Front and allied jihadist groups of the base at Sheikh Suleiman dealt a significant blow to Assad's regime as it had been the last major military base west of Aleppo city still under http://english.al- army control. But it also undercut the military influence of the mainstream rebel Free Syrian Army akhbar.com/content/aleppo-and- (FSA). damascus-without-gas-and- 1 11/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Armed violence All Local media Alakhbar bread?utm_source=feedburner&utm_m An AFP journalist who covered the clashes around Sheikh Suleiman said many fighters were from edium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A other Arab countries and Central Asia. We control the whole base, all the zone is under our +AlAkhbarEnglish+%28Al+Akhbar+En control. T he whole region west of Aleppo up to the T urkish border has now been liberated. But no glish%29 chemical weapons were found, or anti-aircraft missiles. He headed the only unit of the mainstream rebel FSA which took part in the operation. T he Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported clashes in a northern Damascus district, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 11/12/2012 Syria Damascus Armed violence All the fiercest in the area since a revolt against Assad's regime erupted in March 2011. Violence in International Media AFP republic/jihadists-seize-key-north- Damascus has previously been focused on southern districts. syria-army-base WHO is scaling up activities to ensure provision of adequate WHO and Medecins Sans Frontieres are also supporting the Ministry of Health in tracing Acute http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/scaling- health services to Syrians living inside Al Qaim and Domiz 1 11/12/2012 Iraq Iraq Health Refugees Respiratory ! infections and Skin Infections, in addition to chronic illnesses that have become one UN WHO health-services-meet-needs-syrian- refugee camps and refugees living in Anbar, Dahuk, of the main health concerns in the camps. refugees-iraq Suleimaniyah and Erbil governorates According to the official camps' population figures, almost all the camps are already full to their http://reliefweb.int/map/turkey/daily- 11/12/2012 Turkey Turkey Displacement Refugees capacity. Reportedly some thousands of them are staying with their relatives in the neighboring Government Gov of Turkey situation-report-situation-pertaining- villages on permission from the camp officials after being registered with the camps syria-december-11-2012 T he shortage of medicines is just one part of an exploding healthcare crisis in Syria, as hospitals run out of space and supplies, health workers struggle to get to work, patients lose access to health facilities, and medicines shoot up in price. Amid shortages as high as 40 percent, some pharmacies have limited the amount of medicine they give each customer. According to Hoff, insulin is no longer available in some of the areas affected by the conflict. Prior to the conflict, she said, 40,000 diabetic children in the country depended on insulin pens that are no longer available through public health centres. T hey now have to resort to a method that is more painful http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S 1 11/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All International Media IRIN and harder to use. Fighting has partly or completely destroyed half the country's 88 public YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling hospitals, with 23 of them not functioning at all. Of 1919 health centres, 186 have also been damaged, with 106 of them not functional. In Damascus, Aleppo and Homs, 70 percent of healthcare workers live in rural areas and have trouble getting to work because of snipers on the road, delays at checkpoints, or insecurity. Doctors are increasingly leaving the country. All of the country's nine psychiatrists and more than half the doctors which offer medical services, like the International Medical Corps (IMC), are also Other agencies in Homs have left, the WHO report said. http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S 1 11/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All affected by the shortages. IMC normally procures 66 drugs for its clinics and mobile teams, but International Media IRIN YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling more than 40 percent of them are no longer available in the country Many national NGOs, such as Al Afya Fund, the Syrian Agency for Health Promotion Activities and the Syrian Family Planning Syrians are also reportedly travelling to Lebanon; registering as refugees in order to get medical Association, are complementing government and private sector http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S 1 11/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All International Media IRIN care they cannot access at home; and then returning to Syria. efforts. For example, mobile health teams managed by the YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling Syrian Association for Health Promotion and Development are also providing basic health services in five governorates. Some private hospitals, like Al-Bir hospital in Homs, are offering treatment free of charge to those http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S 1 11/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All International Media IRIN who can no longer afford it. YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling Of 520 ambulances, 304 have been damaged or affected Oxytocin, routinely provided to all mothers during labour to prevent haemorrhage, is no longer available in maternity wards in affected areas Across the country, local pharmacies are increasingly unable to provide regular medicines like painkillers and insulin http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S 1 11/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All International Media IRIN YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling T he national vaccination coverage for the first quarter of 2012 dropped from 95 to 80 percent T here is only one supplier of chlorine gas and sodium chloride, needed to purify water, left in the country More women want to breastfeed their babies because they cannot afford infant formula Between 125 and 150 people were killed or hurt by gunshots and explosions in the village of Aqrab," Abdel Rahman told AFP. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 11/12/2012 Syria Aqrab Protection All International Media AFP republic/125-victims-syria-alawite- Aqrab is home to a majority of Sunni Muslims, but the neighbourhood where T uesday's violence district-violence-ngo broke out is majority Alawite, Abdel Rahman and activists said. T he Friends of Syria nations that support regime change meet in Morocco on Wednesday for the first time since the creation of a new opposition coalition seeking wider international recognition. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Political 1 10/12/2012 Marocco Nationwide All Arab and Western states will consider two key issues concerning the 21-month conflict -- the International Media AFP republic/friends-syria-head-morocco- developments political transition in the event of President Bashar al-Assad's fall, and mobilising vital bolster-opposition humanitarian aid as winter sets in. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- A nutrition survey on displaced Syrians in Lebanon republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan- 1 10/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Nutrition Refugees shows that 6.8% of children under 59 months are at UN WHO lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report- potential risk of malnutrition. issue-7-10 In this context and to assist displaced populations, Doctors of T he main pathologies encountered by our teams are ailments related to the living conditions of the http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- these people during their many displacements. T hey have often left Medicins du 1 10/12/2012 Syria Camp Qah Health IDPs World opened a primary healthcare centre in the camp of Qah, NGO republic/doctors-call-urgent-action- in haste, leaving behind everything they owned, which makes them Monde in avert-winter-catastrophe even more vulnerable» October. p. To date, nearly 1,500 consultations have been carried out in the centre. Near the camp, to meet the demand of local Syrian T he intensification of violence and fighting is leading to a constant http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- communities, Medicins du 10/12/2012 Syria Camp Qah Displacement IDPs influx of people into the camp, which currently has more than NGO republic/doctors-call-urgent-action- Doctors of the World teams are currently installing a centre for Monde 600 tents and is accommodating almost five thousand Syrians. avert-winter-catastrophe postpartum women living in the regional camps and who have recently given birth. T During a UN interagency assessment mission to Al Raqqa city in the north of the country, health 1 10/12/2012 Syria Al-Rakka Health All professionals reported shortages in T he Al-Qaim border crossing point remains closed, with only emergency cases or family reunification cases being permitted access. During the reporting period, 17 Syrians entered Iraq through Al-Qaim. T he Al Waleed and Rabi'aa border crossing points remain open: to date only few numbers of Syrians have entered through Al Waleed and Rabi'aa. During the same period, http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/iraq- 1,269 Iraqis crossed back into Syria.2 Statistics collected at the border continue to indicate that 1 05/12/2012 Iraq Iraq Displacement Refugees UN UNHCR syria-situation-weekly-update-no-29-29- Baghdad is still the governorate receiving the largest number of Iraqi returnees, followed by Anbar november-5-december-2012 and Ninewa. Some interviewed Iraqis’ indicated that they are temporarily visiting Syria to get UNHCR Syria monthly cash assistance, food basket and 80% coverage of their medical expenses. Some other Iraqis temporarily go back to Syria to sell their property or to obtain their kids school certificates which is required by the Iraqi Ministry of Education. Border authorities at Al-Qaim and Al Waleed are taking more arrangements to secure the borders. http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/iraq- 1 05/12/2012 Iraq Iraq Displacement Refugees Report indicated that Iraqi authorities are preparing t-walls to block the borders in case things get UN UNHCR syria-situation-weekly-update-no-29-29- worse at the Syrian side. november-5-december-2012 Warplanes on Wednesday pounded suburbs of Damascus as regime forces battled rebels inching ever closer to the capital amid fears that all-out battles may break out there.Damascus http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- province has in recent days been the focus of clashes following a major operation launched last 1 05/12/2012 Syria Damascus Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/syrian-warplanes-pound- week by President Bashar al-Assad's forces to prevent rebels from advancing on the capital.Part damascus-suburbs-watchdog of the battle for Damascus province is about securing the airport road, which runs southeast of the capital to Syria's main link to the outside world. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T here was also fighting around the Wadi Deif military base, which has been under siege since 1 05/12/2012 Syria Wadi Deif Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/syrian-warplanes-pound- rebels took Maaret al-Numan in October damascus-suburbs-watchdog NICEF condemns yesterday’s shelling of a school near Damascus that killed a number of students and a teacher,” said Maria Calivis, UNICEF’s Middle East and North Africa Regional http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 05/12/2012 Syria Syria Education All Director. UN UNICEF republic/unicef-statement-school- shelling-near-damascus “Since the violence in Syria began, schools have been looted, vandalized and burned. In Lebanon, without at least a birth notification document from the hospital or an authorized midwife, a child will have difficulties signing-up for UNHCR and accessing assistance such as http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i food, education and healthcare. When the time comes for voluntary return to Syria, without an nt/files/resources/Outline%20for% 1 05/12/2012 Lebanon Country Background refugees official birth certificate a child may not be able to prove their Syrian nationality, obtain Syrian ID, UN UNHCR and may have problems accessing rights such as healthcare and education. In addition, without 20birth%20registration%20counse an official birth certificate a child may have difficulties obtaining Syrian ID and may therefore not ling%20%28FINAL%29.pdf be able to cross the border to Syria legally. T he call comes as the child rights agency publishes a new report called Out in the Cold that says http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- fears are growing for Syrian children and families hit by freezing winter weather because of Save the republic/fears-grow-syrian-children- 1 04/12/2012 All All NFI Children funding shortages that have threatened relief operations in the region. T here are now fears that NGO Children and-families-struggling-survive-bitter- infections and diseases could spread amongst refugee children, who are particularly vulnerable winter to the cold weather, and are living in close proximity in refugee settlements. Feller said the conflict was disproportionately affecting civilians - at least 2.5 million of them - and called on both sides to ensure that those who have fled their homes throughout the country were able to reach safety. In some areas, insecurity has reached to the country's borders, making http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/unhcr escape to neighbouring states especially perilous. As UNHCR's senior refugee protection official, 1 04/12/2012 Jordan Jordan Displacement All International Media Alertnet -head-of-protection-calls-for-safe- Feller reviewed reception arrangements at Za'atri, which as of this week has received more than passage-for-uprooted-syrians 60,000 Syrian refugees since it opened four months ago. Many of those 60,000 have since moved on, some into the local community and others have returned to Syria. Za'atri currently has about 32,000 residents. NAT O told Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on T uesday that any use of chemical weapons in his fight against encroaching rebel forces would be met by an immediate international response. T he warning from NAT O Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen came as Syrian forces http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/nato- Political 2 04/12/2012 Syria Syria All bombarded rebel districts near Damascus in a sustained counter-attack to stem rebel gains International Media Alertnet warns-syria-not-to-use-chemical- developments around Assad's power base. weapons International concern over Syria's intentions has been heightened by reports that its chemical weapons have been moved and could be prepared for use. T he mainly Sunni Muslim rebel forces have made advances in recent weeks, seizing military bases, including some close to Damascus. Faced with creeping rebel gains across the north and east of the country, and the growing challenge around the capital, Assad has increasingly http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/nato- resorted to air strikes against the insurgents. T he Syrian army appears to have focused most of its 1 04/12/2012 Syria Damascus Armed violence All International Media Alertnet warns-syria-not-to-use-chemical- energy on Damascus, where rebels have been planning to push into the capital from the weapons surrounding suburbs. Clashes continued around Damascus International Airport and along the airport highway, which has become an on-and-off battleground that forced foreign airlines to suspend flights to Damascus since T hursday evening. T he United Nations and European Union both said they were reducing their presence in Syria in http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/nato- Operational 1 04/12/2012 Syria Syria All response to the escalated violence around the capital.adding to a sense that the fight is closing International Media Alertnet warns-syria-not-to-use-chemical- Constraints in weapons Red Cross steps up Syria aid response as winter temperatures bite. The Syrian Arab Red Crescent is providing 1.5 million http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/12/2012 Syria Syria Access All people each month with food and other aid in conjunction with Red Cros Movement ICRC republic/red-cross-steps-syria-aid- the World Food Programme, and is providing ambulance response-winter-temperatures-bite services and basic health care across the country. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/12/2012 Syria Syria Armed violence All Syria's 20-month-old civil war has now spread to nearly every part of the country International Media AFP republic/un-cuts-food-rations-syrians- over-cash-shortage http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Number in need of T he UN says humanitarian conditions in Syria are "catastrophic," with four million people likely to 04/12/2012 Syria Syria All International Media AFP republic/un-cuts-food-rations-syrians- humanitarian aid need some kind of aid by January. over-cash-shortage http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 04/12/2012 Syria Al-Rakka Armed violence All government-controlled town of al-Raqqah International Media IRIN republic/bread-shortages-rising Road access to and from Damascus has become more dangerous, making it difficult to dispatch food from WFP warehouses to some parts of the country -- particularly to the north. In the past few weeks, the UN food agency has seen increasing incidence of indiscriminate attacks on its trucks in different parts of the country. In line with a UN decision to reduce the international staff working http://www.wfp.org/news/news- Operational in Syria and as a result of the further escalation of violence in the country, WFP will relocate 1 04/12/2012 Syria Syria All UN WFP release/wfp-concerned-about-food- Constraints seven of its non-essential staff to Amman. Around 20 international and 100 national WFP staff security-syria remain in the country to carry out the emergency operation to feed 1.5 million vulnerable Syrians. UN agencies, including WFP, have also temporarily suspended all field missions outside Damascus, which will negatively impact our ability to monitor food distributions by our partners and limit the movement of staff to conduct needs and market assessment missions We had to reduce the food rations since we upscaled our food assistance from 850,000 to reach 1.5 million people in http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- T he United Nations has had to cut food rations for hundreds of thousands of people in conflict- September. The amount of reductions vary each month and also 1 04/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All International Media AFP republic/un-cuts-food-rations-syrians- stricken Syria because of cash shortages depend on the district. over-cash-shortage T he United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is warning that the recent escalation of http://www.wfp.org/news/news- violence in Syria is making it more difficult to reach the country’s hardest-hit areas and that food 04/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All UN WFP release/wfp-concerned-about-food- insecurity is on the rise due to bread shortages and higher food prices in many parts of the security-syria country. High prices are also affecting neighbouring countries hosting Syrian refugees. http://www.wfp.org/news/news- In Aleppo, the majority of the population is now dependent on private bakeries where the price is 1 04/12/2012 Syria Aleppo LFS All UN WFP release/wfp-concerned-about-food- 40 to 50 percent higher compared to other governorates. security-syria http://www.wfp.org/news/news- T he governorates of Rural Damascus, Aleppo and Al-Raqqa host the highest number of newly 1 04/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs UN WFP release/wfp-concerned-about-food- displaced people. security-syria Most basic food items are still available in the market, but at higher prices. In areas of fighting, http://www.wfp.org/news/news- 04/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All shortages of some food commodities have been observed while prices have almost doubled. In UN WFP release/wfp-concerned-about-food- these areas access to the market is often curtailed. security-syria WFP staff regularly monitoring food distributions in different parts of the country have also reported that food consumption is particularly low among displaced families taking refuge in http://www.wfp.org/news/news- 04/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS IDPs schools and public buildings due to the lack of access to cooking facilities. Displaced families UN WFP release/wfp-concerned-about-food- in rented homes who receive WFP food assistance report adequate food consumption but are security-syria running out of resources, having lost jobs and exhausted their life savings. T he Syrian crisis has also negatively impacted the food security situation of neighbouring http://www.wfp.org/news/news- countries which depend on food imports from Syria and cross border trade. Food prices in Jordan, 1 04/12/2012 Jordan Jordan LFS All UN WFP release/wfp-concerned-about-food- for example, have increased due to the reduction of food imports by nearly 50 percent and increased demand from new arrivals from Syria. security-syria An air strike killed at least 12 people and wounded more than 30 in the northeastern Syrian town of Ras al-Ain on Monday. T he warplane hit the Mahata district in the southwestern part of the town. T his area is controlled by the (jihadist) Al-Nusra Front, Ghuraba al-Sham and other rebel battalions. T he northeastern sector of the town, located in the mainly Kurdish province of Hasakeh, is controlled by Kurdish militias, he noted. Ras al-Ain was the scene of fierce clashes http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 03/12/2012 Syria Ras al-Ain Armed violence All between fighters loyal to the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) -- which has close ties to International Media AFP republic/air-strike-kills-12-syrian- T urkey's rebel Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) -- and the Al-Nusra Front and Ghuraba al-Sham in border-town late November. T he Observatory, which relies on a network of activists, lawyers and medics, later reported that clashes had died down after the two parties managed to strike an agreement. UN agencies in Syria are relocating and restricting movement of staff due to rising insecurity that is getting closer to the capital. T he UN has decided to send all non-essential international staff Some UN agencies are also relocating staff from the northern out of Syria and to halt all field trips outside of the capital for now. Eight UN staff have been killed town of Aleppo, which rebels have been battling to control. since the beginning of the conflict, most caught up in the general insecurity, in addition to 18 volunteers of the Syrian Arab Red Crescent, seven of whom died while on duty. “T he situation is Outside of Damascus, at least one UN agency remains significantly changing,” said Sabir Mughal, the UN’s chief security advisor in Syria. “T here is an present, dependent on Syrian staff, in each of Hassakeh, increased risk for humanitarians as a result of indiscriminate shooting or clashes between the Qamishli, al-Raqqah, Tartous, Lattakia, Homs, Hama, Dera’a, http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Operational 1 03/12/2012 Syria Syria parties.” Access to affected areas and needy people was already a challenge for UN staff, who Aleppo and Rural Damascus. An office of the World Food International Media IRIN republic/un-shrinks-staff-and- Constraints are limited by insecurity, a lack of information, and layers of required clearances from both the Programme (WFP) in Deir-ez-Zor was relocated several movement-amid-insecurity government and internal UN procedures. For two-thirds of the month of November, UN security months ago. he UN has 48 armoured vehicles registered for considered many main routes in the country - from Damascus to Homs, from Homs to Aleppo, more than 1,000 national and international staff. Many are out of from Hama to T artous, from Aleppo-Latakiya - unsafe for travel, or they did not have enough service, and when they break down, it can take months for spare information in order to confidently send staff on trips. Humanitarian aid convoys have increasingly parts to arrive from abroad. come under attack in recent weeks, sometimes caught in crossfire, but sometimes specifically hijacked for their goods or the vehicles themselves. Mortars have landed and shoot-outs have http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Analysts say the number of armed groups are growing, are more organized, and have better 03/12/2012 Syria Syria stakeholders International Media IRIN republic/un-shrinks-staff-and- weapons and access. movement-amid-insecurity http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 03/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Displacement Refugees T here are already more refugees in Lebanon than projected for all of 2012. International Media AFP republic/army-shells-damascus- outskirts-phone-services-resume http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 03/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement IDPs Inside Syria, the number of internally displaced is more than 1.2 million, UN OCHA republic/united-nations-ordinary- people-paying-price-syria http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- with four million people in and around the country affected by the crisis. People urgently need 1 03/12/2012 Syria Syria Number of affected All UN OCHA republic/united-nations-ordinary- medicines and health care, shelter, winter items, safe drinking water, and fuel, among other items people-paying-price-syria Almost 2,000 schools and other public buildings are hosting the displaced; many lack adequate http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 03/12/2012 Syria Syria Shelter All heating, sanitation and winterization. T emperatures are falling, and expected to drop close to UN OCHA republic/united-nations-ordinary- freezing in December. people-paying-price-syria http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- .Medical care is increasingly hard to find, due to shortages of staff and supplies, as well as 1 03/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All UN OCHA republic/united-nations-ordinary- damages to facilities. people-paying-price-syria http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- In addition to direct exposure to violence, people, especially children, confront a growing threat 1 03/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All UN OCHA republic/united-nations-ordinary- from unexploded ordnance and explosive remnants of war. people-paying-price-syria T he numbers of refugees registered or awaiting registration in other countries (currently 465,000) Despite difficult circumstances, the UN and its partners have is now approaching a half a million, with over 50,000 fleeing in the last two weeks. Refugees who http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- made real achievements in Syria, reaching 1.5 million people 1 03/12/2012 Syria Syria Displacement Refugees flee the country cite generalized violence, including during their attempts to flee, targeted threats UN OCHA republic/united-nations-ordinary- with food on a monthly basis and distributing more than 300,000 against individuals and their families, and a breakdown of basic services as the reasons they fled people-paying-price-syria family sets with essential relief items their country. Clashes between troops and rebels rocked Syria's second city Aleppo, scene of urban warfare for more than four months, the Observatory said, and 14 rebels were killed in fighting near an air base http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 03/12/2012 Syria Aleppo Armed violence All southwest of the city. International Media AFP republic/army-shells-damascus- outskirts-phone-services-resume In the east, troops re-entered the Al-Omar oilfield, three days after pulling out. Despite T hursday's http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- pullout, rebels did not enter the oilfield for fear that it was mined, T he oilfield is one of the 1 03/12/2012 Syria Deir Ezzor Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/army-shells-damascus- regime's last positions east of the city of Deir Ezzor. Last week, rebels seized a huge swathe of outskirts-phone-services-resume territory stretching from the city to the Iraqi border, the largest in Syria outside government control. http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Early last month, the rebels seized control of the Al-Ward oilfield, the first it had captured. T he 1 03/12/2012 Syria Al Ward Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/army-shells-damascus- army has since also lost control of the Al-Jofra oilfield and the Conoco gas reserves outskirts-phone-services-resume Sarmeen has been under Free Syrian Army control since late March, but regime shelling near the Inter Press http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 03/12/2012 Syria Idlib Armed violence All town can be heard frequently. With just over 20,000 inhabitants before the uprising, several International Media Service republic/free-syria-faces-tough-times thousand had fled the town amid continuing conflict in the area. In the following days this correspondent visited the nearby village T a’um, not far from the military Inter Press http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 03/12/2012 Syria Idlib Displacement All base in T aftanaz. Of some 7,000 inhabitants before the conflict, less than 2,000 are said to International Media Service republic/free-syria-faces-tough-times remain. Sarmeen has been under Free Syrian Army control since late March, but regime shelling near the Inter Press http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 03/12/2012 Syria Idlib Displacement All town can be heard frequently. With just over 20,000 inhabitants before the uprising, several International Media Service republic/free-syria-faces-tough-times thousand had fled the town amid continuing conflict in the area. Syria's oil and gas production is now largely for domestic consumption as a result of embargos http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 03/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All on its exports by its biggest pre-conflict customers. But rebel activity has also taken a mounting International Media AFP republic/army-shells-damascus- toll on output. outskirts-phone-services-resume A car bomb rocked Syria's third largest city Homs on Sunday killing 15 people, state media said, as the army hammered rebel positions around Damascus in a strategic assault aimed at securing the capital. T he Hamra neighbourhood has been under regime control throughout the revolt. Homs http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria Armed violence All was one of the cradles of the armed uprising against Assad's rule, earning it the monicker of International Media AFP republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias- "capital of the revolution" from opposition activists. T he city suffered devastating violence earlier homs-state-media this year, but in recent months the army has opted to keep mainly Sunni Arab rebel-held districts around the centre under siege rather than launch an all-out assault. In T urkey, the refugees have been hosted in 13 camps run by the authorities and by the http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Turkey Nationwide Displacement Refugees Donor ECHO T urkish Red Crescent. s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf In Jordan, the influx of refugees has led the authorities to shift their http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Jordan Jordan Displacement Refugees approach from the organization of transit facilities to the opening of a large isolated tented Donor ECHO s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf camp. In Iraq, Baghdad has opened its border to Syrian refugees, although the Al Qaim border crossing has been closed most of the time, http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Iraq Iraq Displacement Refugees Donor ECHO which raises the question of the possibility for refugees and returnees to effectively take s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf shelter inside Iraq. Shell fire from Syria, meanwhile, hit a T urkish border town late Saturday, without causing http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria Armed violence All casualties. It was the first cross-border shelling since Ankara requested that NAT O deploy Patriot International Media AFP republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias- air defence missiles on the restive frontier. homs-state-media Assad's forces pounded rebel positions around Damascus with artillery fire and air strikes, in an http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria Armed violence All offensive aimed at securing a perimeter around the capital including the main highway to the International Media AFP republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias- international airport that has been under sustained rebel assault, the Observatory said. homs-state-media Flights from the airport resumed only on Friday, a day after a series of attacks on traffic on the 27- kilometre (17-mile) road from the capital, one of them deadly, were brought to an end by a major http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria Armed violence All ground assault. International Media AFP republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias- homs-state-media But a military source said several more days of fighting were needed to fully secure the highway. T he decision of the Lebanese government to stop supporting primary and secondary health http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Health Refugees services to the refugees in the North, has transferred the burden onto the international Donor ECHO s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf community. In spite of the commitment of the Jordanian authorities, not all health services are provided for free, and a significant part of the costs needs to be supported by the Jordan Health Aid Society. Acute http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Jordan Jordan Health Refugees Donor ECHO respiratory infections/cough and cold and allergies are expected to increase in the winter due s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf to the bad housing conditions, mainly for those people renting houses or living in Zaatari camp. Psychosocial support for the refugee population is also broadly needed. Since the beginning of the crisis, health care provided to the Syrians in camps in the South http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Turkey Nationwide Health Refugees provinces of Hatay, Gaziantep, Kilis and Sanliurfa has been above international humanitarian Donor ECHO s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf standards http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Unidentified Syrian gunmen fired shots across the border on a Lebanese military post on Sunday 02/12/2012 Syria Syria Armed violence All International Media AFP republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias- drawing returning fire, an army statement said. homs-state-media Access to water and sanitation remains problematic for refugees living in unfinished houses or http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 02/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon WASH Refugees Donor ECHO collective centers, tents or garages. s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf Jordan suffers from chronic water shortages, particularly during the dry months of summer http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Jordan Jordan WASH Refugees Donor ECHO and autumn. s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf Water, including hot running water, is provided in sufficient quantity and quality in all camps. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Turkey Nationwide WASH Refugees Donor ECHO T he sanitation conditions are also up to standard. s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf T he increased burden imposed on the host communities has increased the tensions with the refugees and imposes a close monitoring of the situation. People with specific vulnerabilities http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Lebanon Lebanon Protection Refugees Donor ECHO such as discharged wounded, women, elderly, people with disabilities and children, would s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf need specific attention In parallel to the emergency response in the hot-spots, the support to displaced people and host communities has become essential. T he main challenges lie with ensuring access to basic http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 02/12/2012 Syria Syria Protection All services and essential goods. An additional danger is that this situation will continue to push Donor ECHO s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf to extreme behaviour (development of criminality, prostitution, fighting, exodus…) and push the communities to rally along sectarian lines. With little access to the field and significant constraints for humanitarian actors to operate in the country (difficulties in obtaining visas, ban on using questionnaires or organizing surveys, restrictions on coordination), assessing the needs has always been a major challenge in Syria. Operational T o date, the localisation of the http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria All Donor ECHO Constraints vulnerable populations affected by the crisis, the understanding of their needs and the s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf identification of the beneficiaries is for a large part done by the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC), supported locally by charities and communities, with few possibilities for the international aid agencies to independently assess and monitor needs and operations. Serious allegations of abuses in Ministry of http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All Health facilities have led many patients to rely exclusively on alternative health support, Donor ECHO s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf provided by private clinics, SARC facilities or in clandestine field hospitals. Increased prices in raw material, shortage of fuel and the development of hostilities in Aleppo, where most of the http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria Health All pharmaceutical companies are located, have limited the local production of drugs and affected Donor ECHO s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf the supply of medicines in most of the Governorates. Psychosocial support has been also identified as one of the needs of the most affected population exposed to traumatic situations. Many water networks were damaged in the areas where hostilities took place. In addition, many local manufacturers of chlorine had to stop their production and fuel restrictions have disrupted and are likely to continue to disrupt the provision of safe water. Hygiene problems and solid waste management are foreseen in the most affected http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria WASH All neighbourhoods where sewage networks were damaged and where the regular collection of Donor ECHO s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf garbage was stopped. Displaced people hosted in collective shelters are confronted to severe hygiene conditions due to overcrowding, unhealthy shelters, limited water supply and poor access to basic hygiene items (personal and household). Poor farmers and herders were badly affected by dry climatic conditions in 2011 which resulted in a poor harvest. One of their main coping strategies was to move to urban centres in search for casual work. T he upsurge of insecurity and movement constraints have interrupted this mechanism. Some have seen their household income decreased by more than 90 % in http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file 1 02/12/2012 Syria Syria LFS All Donor ECHO certain locations (FAO s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf 3 ). As a result, many are selling assets, borrowing money or reducing their food stock-piles, thereby further increasing their vulnerability. Protestors continued to hold demonstrations on a daily basis around the country in response to recent price increases in petrol and cooking gas. Aside WFP and UNICEF continue their analysis http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab- Operational from increased travel times, WFP operations have not of the data gathered through the General Nutrition republic/wfp%E2%80%99s-response- 1 01/12/2012 Jordan Jordan Refugees UN WFP Constraints been heavily impacted by the demonstrations. T he recent increase in cooking gas prices places Survey in Al Za’atri camp and host communities. inside-syria-and-neighbouring- a Preliminary results will be available by mid-December countries-jordan-lebanon-9 further burden on UNHCR to refill kitchen gas frequently.