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Reliability Severity                 Country   Name of Location   Sector/Issues    Group                  Problem identified                                                                                        Response                                                       Assessment planned   Assessment undertaken   Type of source        Source        Hyperlink Source
                       date
                                                                                                          T he Syrian army worked since days to control the various neighborhoods of Homs. Facing its
                                                                                                          slow progress in Homs, the armed opposition has been able to make a wide progress in the city                                                                                                                                               Al-akhbar
        1                05/03/2013 Syria      Homs               armed violence   All                    of Raqqa without «violent»clashes, in conjunction with the continued bombardment of the regular                                                                                                                       other                               http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/178734
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Newspaper
                                                                                                          army of opposition sites in the city and its surroundings.

                                                                                                          T he Syrian army worked since days to control the various neighborhoods of Homs. Facing its
                                                                                                          slow progress in Homs, the armed opposition has been able to make a wide progress in the city                                                                                                                                               Al-akhbar
        1                05/03/2013 Syria      Raqqa              armed violence   All                    of Raqqa without «violent»clashes, in conjunction with the continued bombardment of the regular                                                                                                                       other                               http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/178734
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Newspaper
                                                                                                          army of opposition sites in the city and its surroundings.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          fuel widely unavailable, and though spring is drawing nearer, cold spells are still intermittently
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              NFI              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   IRIN          republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep-
                                                                                                          hitting some parts of the country.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    warm
                                                                                                          Residents of rebel-held areas of Deir-ez-Zor, Idlib, Aleppo, Hama, Homs and Rural Damascus                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              NFI              all                    governorates say heating oil, known as mazout, as well as diesel and gasoline have all but                                                                                                                            International Media   IRIN          republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep-
                                                                                                          disappeared from the market.                                                                                                                                                                                                                              warm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          “Last winter, the problem was that fuel became very expensive,” said Abu Adnan. “T his winter, you
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              NFI              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   IRIN          republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep-
                                                                                                          almost can’t find it any more.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    warm
                                                                                                          In recent months, rebel fighters have made considerable gains in the northern and eastern
                                                                                                          governorates, where all of Syria’s major oil fields are located. According to opposition sources                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Deir Ezzor         armed violence   all                    and media reports, the opposition has captured four out of five oil wells in Deir-er-Zor, and one out                                                                                                                 International Media   IRIN          republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep-
                                                                                                          of two in Hassakeh Governorate in the north. However, nobody is running the wells held by the                                                                                                                                                             warm
                                                                                                          opposition because almost all oil workers have fled, according to Samir Seifan,
                                                                                                          In recent months, rebel fighters have made considerable gains in the northern and eastern
                                                                                                          governorates, where all of Syria’s major oil fields are located. According to opposition sources                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Al-Hasakah         armed violence   all                    and media reports, the opposition has captured four out of five oil wells in Deir-er-Zor, and one out                                                                                                                 International Media   IRIN          republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep-
                                                                                                          of two in Hassakeh Governorate in the north. However, nobody is running the wells held by the                                                                                                                                                             warm
                                                                                                          opposition because almost all oil workers have fled, according to Samir Seifan,
                                                                                                          In some opposition-held areas, rebels are regulating where residents can cut firewood. In the                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Idleb              NFI              all                    northwestern governorate of Idlib for example, FSA fighters have started policing the olive groves,                                                                                                                   International Media   IRIN          republic/syrians-risk-their-health-keep-
                                                                                                          said Ibrahim, a resident in Maaret al-Numan.                                                                                                                                                                                                              warm
                                                                                                          Syrian rebels overran the northern city of Raqa on Monday, scoring their biggest victory since the
                                                                                                          outbreak of a revolt against President Bashar al-Assad almost two years ago. After days of fierce                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          clashes, the rebels were now in "near-total control" of Raqa, "except for some regime positions,
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Raqqa              armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/syria-rebels-secure-biggest-
                                                                                                          including the military security and Baath party headquarters," Raqa was once home to 240,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    victory-revolt-ngo
                                                                                                          residents, but around 800,000 people forced to flee violence in other parts of Syria have sought
                                                                                                          shelter there since the start of the conflict,
                                                                                                          In central Syria, insurgents battled a major army offensive to capture rebel-held areas of the city of
                                                                                                          Homs, T he fighting in Homs "is the worst fighting in months and there are dozens of dead and                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Homs               armed violence   all                    wounded among the assailants," Regular troops backed by pro-regime militiamen attacked the                                                                                                                            International Media   AFP           republic/syria-rebels-secure-biggest-
                                                                                                          centre of Homs where rebels are holed up, including the Old City and neighbourhoods of Jouret al-                                                                                                                                                         victory-revolt-ngo
                                                                                                          Shiah, Khaldiyeh and Qarabees,
                                                                                                          Reflecting the regional spillover from the conflict, dozens of unarmed and wounded Syrian                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                04/03/2013 Iraq       Iraq               armed violence   all                    soldiers who had crossed the border to escape weekend fighting were killed in western Iraq along                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP           republic/syria-rebels-secure-biggest-
                                                                                                          with nine Iraqis as gunmen from Syria ambushed their convoy                                                                                                                                                                                               victory-revolt-ngo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          In the northern province of Aleppo, a day after rebels captured a police academy in Khan al-Assal,
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Aleppo             armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/syria-rebels-secure-biggest-
                                                                                                          pro-regime daily Al-Watan said insurgents "massacred" 115 policemen in the complex.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    victory-revolt-ngo
                                                                                                          Families I spoke to all agreed that their biggest expense is rent, followed by food, electricity, water                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/jordan-
        1                04/03/2013 Jordan     Jordan             Multi-sectoral   refugees               and supplies for their children. T hey are in debt to friends, neighbours and shopkeepers as their                                                                                                                    NGO                   SCI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    what-cash-assistance-means-refugee
                                                                                                          savings ran out a while ago.
                                                                                                          A were reported in the second week of February, mostly in Idlib, Rural Damascus and                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          Aleppo. In addition, 111 new cases of leishmaniasis – a skin disease resembling leprosy                                                                                                                                                                   republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              Health           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                          –were reported (mainly in Aleppo and Hama), and the disease is spreading across Syria.                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          T yphoid cases have also been reported.                                                                                                                                                                                                                   march-2013
                                                                                                          Milling capacities have likewise dropped sharply, affecting the supply of wheat
                                                                                                          flour and bread across the country, particularly in Latakia, Idlib and T artous. Despite                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          movement limitations due to security, WFP was able to continue some monitoring                                                                                                                                                                            republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              LFS              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                          activities and found that internally displaced people living in temporary accommodation                                                                                                                                                                   issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          shelters struggle to cook their food, a consequence of power cuts and the prohibitive                                                                                                                                                                     march-2013
                                                                                                          price of cooking gas.
                                                                                                          According to the Ministry of Education, 1,899 of the country’s 22,000 schools are
                                                                                                          currently used as shelters, and another 2,445 have been damaged. UNICEF reports that
                                                                                                          in Idlib, 60% of schools have been damaged/destroyed or are being used as shelters,                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          followed by Aleppo (38%), Dara’a (34%), Homs, Hama, Damascus, Rural Damascus, and                                                                                                                                                                         republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              education        all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                          Quneitra (18-22%). T he security situation is found to have particularly affected                                                                                                                                                                         issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          attendance by girls, and concerns have emerged on quality of education due to                                                                                                                                                                             march-2013
                                                                                                          shortened hours of schooling for children, overcrowding, double-shifting and lack of
                                                                                                          materials.
                                                                                                          After two years of conflict, the Government of Syria estimates that the country is facing
                                                                                                          $11 billion in infrastructure damage. As reference, according to the World Bank, Syria                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          Gross Domestic Product in 2010 was $59.15 billion – this means that the Syrian                                                                                                                                                                            republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              LFS              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                          Government estimates reconstruction costs to be almost 20 per cent of total pre-crisis                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          economic output in the country. Infrastructure damage poses a major challenge for the                                                                                                                                                                     march-2013
                                                                                                          delivery of basic services to the population.
                                                                                                          Camps in Damascus and Aleppo are becoming increasingly
                                                                                                          difficult to access due to conflict in surrounding areas. Four refugee camps in Damascus
                                                                                                          are largely empty due to nearby conflict, and camps in Dara’a and outside Aleppo are                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          also experiencing large-scale displacement. For example, UNRWA estimates that only                                                                                                                                                                        republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              Access           Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                         UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                          20,000 Palestine refugees remain in Yarmouk camp – once home to 150,000 – and is                                                                                                                                                                          issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          calling for restored humanitarian access. T he majority of displaced refugees have moved                                                                                                                                                                  march-2013
                                                                                                          to UNRWA camps and facilities in Hama, Homs, Latakia, the Dara’a countryside and
                                                                                                          safer parts of Damascus.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          Since the onset of the crisis two years ago,                                                                                                                                                                                                              republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              Access           all                    eight UN staff members and 15 Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) volunteers have lost                                                                                                                                    UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          their life.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    march-2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          In particular, it remains difficult to find drivers                                                                                                                                                                                                       republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              Access           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                          willing to go to certain locations                                                                                                                                                                                                                        issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    march-2013
                                                                                                           During the reporting period, WFP also                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          re-established the Jordan to Syria supply route, dispatching 374 metric tons of food,                                                                                                                                                                     republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              Access           all                    bought locally in Jordan, for over 370,000 people for one month via this route. T his is the                                                                                                                          UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          first time that WFP has been able to use this route since late December 2012 as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    march-2013
                                                                                                          insecurity has posed a risk to safe passage of trucks.
                                                                                                          UNHCR also continued providing shelter, cash and non-food items assistance to almost                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          3,000 Palestinian refugees who came from Iraq (referred to as Palestinians ex Iraq). T he                                                                                                                                                                 republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              LFS              Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                         UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                          majority of them live in Damascus although some reside in Latakia, Dara’a, Aleppo and Al                                                                                                                                                                  issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          Hol camp in Hassakeh.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     march-2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          UNRWA continues to operate its 23                                                                                                                                                                                                                         republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              Health           Palestinian refugees   primary healthcare centres across Syria, with security forcing the current closure of eight                                                                                                                           UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          centres, and substantially reduced working hours for another seven health centres.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    march-2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          On 24                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              education        Palestinian refugees   February 2013, 50 of 118 UNRWA schools were open, and 24,592 elementary and                                                                                                                                           UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          primary students attended classes (36.5% of total student population).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    march-2013
                                                                                                          T he Government of Jordan estimates the total number of                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          refugees to be higher, at approximately 420,000. February 2013 represents the month                                                                                                                                                                       republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Jordan     Jordan             displacement     refugees               with the highest number of arrivals (over 75,000) with the pace of arrival clearly outpacing                                                                                                                          UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          the registration machinery - some 53,000 refugees are currently awaiting registration -
                                                                                                          with an average of 2,133 people entering Jordan each day.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    march-2013
                                                                                                          T he number of Syrian refugees hosted in 17 camps in T urkey (in the provinces of
                                                                                                          Sanliurfa, Gaziantep, K. Maras, Hatay, Kilis, Adiyaman, Osmaniye, and Adana) has now
                                                                                                          reached almost 185,000 – about 20 per cent more than the beginning of this year.                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          According to the Government of T urkey, there are an additional 100,000 Syrians who live                                                                                                                                                                  republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Turkey     Turkey             displacement     refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                          outside camps in various provinces, mainly in Gaziantep, Kilis, Hatay and Sanliurfa.                                                                                                                                                                      issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          Syrians who do not live in camps are registered in coordination centres in Gazianterp and                                                                                                                                                                 march-2013
                                                                                                          Kilis co-managed by T urkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD)
                                                                                                          and the governorates.
                                                                                                          T he majority of the new arrivals in Iraq originate from Hassakeh governorate with others                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          arriving from Aleppo and Damascus governorates. T hose from Hassakeh governorate                                                                                                                                                                          republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Iraq       Iraq               displacement     refugees               report the lack of economic opportunities and basic services as the main reasons why                                                                                                                                  UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          they fled Syria whereas those fleeing from Damascus cite the ongoing violence and fear
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    march-2013
                                                                                                          for their lives as determining why they left their country.
                                                                                                          T he number of Syrian refugees in Egypt continues to rise from 13,000 at the beginning of                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          January 2013 to more than 32,000 today. Syrian refugees are mostly hosted by local                                                                                                                                                                        republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
        1                04/03/2013 Egypt      Egypt              displacement     refugees               communities in Alexandria, Greater Cairo, Damietta, Mansoura, Hurghada, Suez and                                                                                                                                      UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    issue-20-19-february-%E2%80%93-4-
                                                                                                          Ismaila. Among them, a high prevalence of chronic illnesses, rehabilitative and mental
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    march-2013
                                                                                                          healthcare needs have been identified.
                                                                                                          In response to the Syrian Crisis and the increasing influx of Syrian displaced to Lebanon, the                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/launch
                                                                                                          Ministry of Social Affairs in coordination with the United Nations Development Programme
        1                04/03/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            lFS              host communities                                                                                                                                                                                                                             UN                    UNDP          ing-lebanese-host-communities-
                                                                                                          (UNDP), organized a press conference to launch the "Lebanese Host Communities Support
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    support-programme%E2%80%9D
                                                                                                          Programme"
                                                                                                          T he Minister of Interior and Municipalities Marwan Charbel, stated that "the increasing number of
                                                                                                          Syrian refugees exceeded our energies," revealing that "the current number of Syrians in Lebanon                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/launch
                                                                                                          skips one million persons," explaining that "refugees are distributed on 3 categories: the former
        1                04/03/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            displacement     refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNDP          ing-lebanese-host-communities-
                                                                                                          Syrian workers who came with their family at the beginning of the Syrian crisis, the wealthy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    support-programme%E2%80%9D
                                                                                                          category who rented hotels and homes, and the poor category who came leaving behind their
                                                                                                          homes and properties.
                                                                                                          With nearly 300,000 people now receiving assistance across Lebanon the increasing influx of
                                                                                                          Syrian displaced has led to a growing crisis among Lebanese host communities struggling to                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/launch
                                                                                                          cope with the tremendous additional burden in an already harsh socio-economic environment. In
        1                04/03/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            LFS              host communities                                                                                                                                                                                                                             UN                    UNDP          ing-lebanese-host-communities-
                                                                                                          addition, the collapses of trade, decreased access to cross-border services, and associated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    support-programme%E2%80%9D
                                                                                                          increases in the cost of living have all dramatically affected the livelihoods of Lebanese
                                                                                                          communities.
                                                                                                          Robert Ford, the US ambassador to Syria, suggests that the US administration wants the
                                                                                                          opposition to defer any offer of dialogue until it has strengthened its military positions on the
                                                                                                          ground by making gains in Damascus. He remarked that the failure of the last rebel offensive
                                                                                                          against the capital did not mean the battle for Damascus was over.Ford added that opposition
                                                                                                          fighters were making fresh advances near the city center, and that he did not expect Assad to                                                                                                                                               Al-akhbar     http://english.al-
                                                                                                          survive for long.T hese views contradict recent speculation that Washington is coming round to
        1                04/03/2013 Syria      Syria              scenarios        All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          other                 Newspaper     akhbar.com/content/us-not-relenting-
                                                                                                          viewing Assad’s regime as the “lesser of two evils” when compared to al-Nusra Front, the Salafi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (English)     %E2%80%9Cassad-must-go%E2%80%9D
                                                                                                          jihadist group seen as the most effective component of the armed opposition in Syria.Rather, the
                                                                                                          Arab diplomat was left with the impression that US policymakers hope groups like al-Nusra Front
                                                                                                          can be used to increase pressure on Assad to agree to a deal that strips him of power. In the
                                                                                                          meantime, Washington hopes to pursue something akin to a policy of “dual containment” against
                                                                                                          both the regime and al-Nusra Front.
                                                                                                          T he conflict has put pressure on the already precarious sectarian and ethnic balance in Iraq. Iraqi                                                                                                                                                      http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/iraq-
        1                03/03/2013 Syria      Syria              armed violence   all                    Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, a Shi'ite Muslim, says his government has a policy of non-                                                                                                                             International Media   AlertNet      shuts-border-post-after-syrian-rebels-
                                                                                                          interference in Syria, even though his interests are aligned with those of Iran.                                                                                                                                                                          seize-frontier/
                                                                                                          Iraq shut a border crossing with Syria on Sunday after rebels battling to overthrow Syrian President
                                                                                                          Bashar al-Assad seized the other side of the frontier post from his army. T he Iraqi army fired
                                                                                                          warning shots into the air late on Friday as Syrian insurgents fought government forces in the                                                                                                                                                            http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/iraq-
        1                03/03/2013 Syria      Syria              armed violence   all                    Syrian town of Yaarabiya and eventually seized the border post. Military sources said blast walls                                                                                                                     International Media   AlertNet      shuts-border-post-after-syrian-rebels-
                                                                                                          now blocked off the border crossing and employees had been evacuated, though both sides of the                                                                                                                                                            seize-frontier/
                                                                                                          crossing were calm and there was no sign of Syrian troops or the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA)
                                                                                                          forces across the border.
                                                                                                          President Bashar al-Assad has insisted he will not step down and blasted Britain's support for
                                                                                                          his foes. We can engage in dialogue with the opposition, but we cannot engage in dialogue with
                                                                                                          terrorists," he said.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                  Political
        1                03/03/2013 Syria      Syria                               all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/assad-defiant-foes-advance-
                                                                  Developments
                                                                                                          T he offer of talks was aired as UN chief Ban Ki-moon and his Syria envoy Lakhdar Brahimi said                                                                                                                                                            north-syria
                                                                                                          they were prepared to broker peace negotiations between Assad's regime and the opposition, after
                                                                                                          the two sides had proposed a dialogue.
                                                                                                          His visit focused on the Aleppo provincial election being held in the T urkish town of Gaziantep,
                                                                                                          the official said. It was held in T urkey for security reasons.                                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                  Political
        1                03/03/2013 Syria      Aleppo                              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/assad-defiant-foes-advance-
                                                                  Developments
                                                                                                          "For the first time, Aleppo will have a freely elected provincial council. We hope the whole of Syria                                                                                                                                                     north-syria
                                                                                                          will have a free election soon,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          Elsewhere, two mortar rounds hit an area near Umayyad square in the heart of Damascus, state
        1                03/03/2013 Syria      Damascus           armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/assad-defiant-foes-advance-
                                                                                                          media said, reporting only material damage.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    north-syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                  Political                               A new constitution adopted in February 2012 stipulates that he can run for the presidency twice
        1                02/03/2013 Syria      Syria                               all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer-
                                                                  Developments                            from 2014, which means he could stay at the helm until 2028 if re-elected.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    warns-against-war-crimes
                                                                                                          On the ground, the army said on Saturday it seized control of a key road linking the central                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                                                          province of Hama to Aleppo international airport. T he Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said
        1                02/03/2013 Syria      Aleppo             armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer-
                                                                                                          this was significant because it will allow new troop deployments and supplies to reach the area
                                                                                                          surrounding the airport and nearby Nayrab military airbase.                                                                                                                                                                                               warns-against-war-crimes
                                                                                                          Fierce clashes also raged in the northern city of Raqa between rebels and troops, killing at least
                                                                                                          26 fighters -- 16 rebels and 10 soldiers, Observatory chief Rami Abdel Rahman said.                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
        1                02/03/2013 Syria      Raqqa              armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer-
                                                                                                          T he Britain-based Observatory and activists said military helicopters strafed rebels in some parts
                                                                                                          of Raqa, which Abdel Rahman said was home to about 800,000 people displaced by violence                                                                                                                                                                   warns-against-war-crimes
                                                                                                          elsewhere in Syria.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                                                          T hey included two Palestinians hanged by rebels from trees at Yarmuk refugee camp in
        1                02/03/2013 Syria      Syria              protection       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer-
                                                                                                          Damascus on suspicion of aiding the regime,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    warns-against-war-crimes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                                                          T he Observatory said there had been clashes in the Quneitra area, with two rebels and an
        1                02/03/2013 Syria      Quneitra           armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           arab-republic/un-syria-talks-offer-
                                                                                                          unknown number of soldiers killed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    warns-against-war-crimes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                                                          T hese children are some of the victims of a multiple cluster bomb attack launched on the                                                                                                                                                                 arab-republic/%E2%80%98why-
                                                                                                          morning of Friday 1 March against a densely populated residential housing estate in Aleppo. the
        1                02/03/2013 Syria      Aleppo             armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NGO                   Amnesty       world-doing-nothing%E2%80%99-
                                                                                                          Masaken Hanano district, to the east of the city centre. It was much worse than initial reports
                                                                                                          suggested.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                %E2%80%93-cluster-bomb-attack-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    syrian-army-aleppo

                                                                                                          On the Syrian side of the Assi River Basin, there are 15 majority Lebanese villages and another
                                                                                                          20 that are mixed. T hese towns have become a battle zone as opposition fighters attempt to seize
                                                                                                          control of the area. T he media was buzzing with reports about battles between Hezbollah and
                                                                                                          opposition fighters in the villages of the Assi (Orontes) River Basin, where approximately 30,000
                                                                                                          Lebanese citizens reside. After the opposition al-Nusra Front and the Farouq Brigades managed                                                                                                                                               Al-akhbar     http://english.al-
                                                                                                          to take control of several villages in the basin, the Lebanese villages began to organize
        1                02/03/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          other                 Newspaper     akhbar.com/content/frontline-battle-
                                                                                                          themselves into armed Popular Committees. Hussein (borrowed name), a 22-year-old fighter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (English)     syrias-lebanese-villages
                                                                                                          describes a recent battle where 300 opposition fighters attacked them using 14 heavy machine
                                                                                                          guns mounted on the back of pickup trucks. Residents of the nearby village of Aqrabieh – where
                                                                                                          Lebanese constitute 18 percent of the population – tell of the dozens of kidnappings and murders
                                                                                                          in the surrounding villages.T he worst case was the kidnapping of over 300 residents of the
                                                                                                          majority Christian village of Rableh during the apple picking season.
                                                                                                          According to figures from the Syrian Ministry of Education, the cost of schools' rehabilitation in
                                                                                                          rural Damascus alone where 200 were destroyed reached 60 million Syrian pounds. About the
                                                                                                          same number applies to Homs, while no clear figures for the rest of the regions. T he ministry's
                                                                                                          statistics revealed that the percentage of school-time enrollment for the first semester amounted
                                                                                                          to 74 percent, where it succeeded in many regions like Alwa'er in Homs, Aljoora in Deir-ez-Zor and                                                                                                                                                        http://www.assafir.com/Article.aspx?Ed
                                                                                                          other areas in rural Damascus in opening schools and providing teahers, books, and                                                                                                                                                          Assafir
        1                02/03/2013 Syria      Syria              education        All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          other                               itionID=2400&ChannelID=57734&Article
                                                                                                          administrative personnel. Some schools have succeeded in adapting to the new situation by                                                                                                                                                   Newspaper
                                                                                                          finding two time shifts or transfering their headquarters, especially in the case of private schools,                                                                                                                                                     ID=171
                                                                                                          to safer areas. T he schools of Damascus are overcrowded after receiving many students from
                                                                                                          many hotspots. In light of the current crisis, universities in turn were forced to adapt to the new
                                                                                                          situation and move their headquarters to the heart of the capital, especially those located on the
                                                                                                          road to Damascus-Daraa, after the fall of several shells on the premises and the interruption of
                                                                                                          access roads. Other universities on the road to Damascus- Homs remained in their locations,                                                                                                                                                 Telecoms      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Aleppo             Access           all                    numerous bombings of telecommunications facilities within the city of Aleppo,                                                                                                                                         NGO                   sans          republic/tsf-syria-8-hospitals-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Frontiers     connected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          "In heavily affected areas such as Aleppo and Deir Ezzor, reaching some hospitals is also a
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Syria              Health           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Red cross movement    ICRC          republic/timely-access-health-care-
                                                                                                          challenge.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    services-matter-life-or-death

                                                                                                          Significant numbers of people, many of whom were previously selfreliant, can no longer meet their                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Syria              trend            all                    basic needs, particularly in the conflict-affected                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNRWA         s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie
                                                                                                          areas of Rif Damascus Governorate, Aleppo and Dera'a.                                                                                                                                                                                                     w.pdf
                                                                                                          Currently, there are some 12,000 internally-displaced people (IDPs) sheltering in                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Syria              displacement     shelter                UNRWA-managed facilities in Syria, of which nearly 9,000 are in UNRWA buildings                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNRWA         s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie
                                                                                                          (e.g. schools and training centres) being used as make-shift emergency shelters.                                                                                                                                                                          w.pdf
                                                                                                          Intensive clashes and shelling continued in all areas surrounding Yarmouk with
                                                                                                          several shells again landing within the camp. Security forces still control access to the camp,
                                                                                                          occasionally closing off access
                                                                                                          through Yarmouk Street. Less than 40 per cent of refugees remain in the camp. Insecurity persists
                                                                                                          in camps throughout Damascus/Rif Damascus Governorate
                                                                                                          including Sbeineh, Seyeda Zaynab, and Husseiniyah where about half of the                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Damascus           armed violence   Palestinian refugees   residents have left to seek safety. T he situation is worsening in Khan Dannoun                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNRWA         s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie
                                                                                                          camp which is now overcrowded as more displaced refugees arrive from other areas                                                                                                                                                                          w.pdf
                                                                                                          amidst reports of clashes in the vicinity of the camp.
                                                                                                          Clashes and shelling continued in Khan Sheikh camp, Douma, Qaboun, and
                                                                                                          Barzeh. UNRWA is deeply concerned about the conduct of armed conflict in
                                                                                                          residential areas including in the in the immediate vicinity of schools, which places
                                                                                                          children at extreme risk of death and injury.
                                                                                                          T he situation remains volatile in Aleppo with continued clashes in the city, especially
                                                                                                          in the vicinity of the Old City. T here are reports that some refugees were fleeing                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Aleppo             armed violence   Palestinian refugees   from Neirab to Ein El T al camp where the situation is relatively calm. UNRWA                                                                                                                                         UN                    UNRWA         nt/files/resources/email%20%3A%2
                                                                                                          remains gravely concerned over increasingly restricted access to Neirab, where the                                                                                                                                                                        0Webview.pdf
                                                                                                          Agency's facilities remain operational.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                          Sporadic shelling and clashes persist in Dera'a town, as well as Mzerieb and Jillien
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Dara'a             armed violence   Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                         UN                    UNRWA         s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie
                                                                                                          villages.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    w.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Homs               armed violence   Palestinian refugees   T here have been reports of shelling close to Homs town but the camp remains calm                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNRWA         s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    w.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Hama               armed violence   Palestinian refugees   The situation remains calm and UNRWA facilities are operational.                                                                                                                                                      UN                    UNRWA         s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    w.pdf
                                                                                                          At least 40 families from Neirab camp have sought safety in the camp in Lattakia.                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
        1                01/03/2013 Syria      Lattakia           armed violence   Palestinian refugees   T here is a marked increase in the army presence around the camp. UNRWA                                                                                                                                               UN                    UNRWA         s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie
                                                                                                          facilities remain operational.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            w.pdf
                                                                                                          T he volatile situation in Syria has led to an increase in the number of Palestine
                                                                                                          refugees fleeing to Lebanon, now approximately 32,000 individuals. In Lebanon,                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
        1                01/03/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            armed violence   Palestinian refugees   Palestine refugees from Syria are dispersed in Saida (30 per cent), northern                                                                                                                                          UN                    UNRWA         s/resources/email%20%3A%20Webvie
                                                                                                          Lebanon (15 per cent), Beqa'a (23 per cent), central Lebanon Area (17 per cent)                                                                                                                                                                           w.pdf
                                                                                                          and T yre (15 per cent).
                                                                                                          T welve civilians, including four members of one family, from the same Damascus district were                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          killed under torture in prison after their arrest, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported on
        1                28/02/2013 Syria      Syria              protection       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/12-syrian-detainees-killed-
                                                                                                          T hursday. T here is no exact number of detainees because we don't know what happens after their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    under-torture-ngo
                                                                                                          arrest. Over 200,000 people have been taken prisoner, but we don't know how many were killed,

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          Some 5,000 refugees are fleeing Syria every day, 36 per cent more than were leaving in December                                                                                                                                                           republic/syria-crisis-spiralling-out-
        1                28/02/2013 regional   Region             displacement     refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NGO                   OXFAM
                                                                                                          last year.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                control-flood-refugees-overwhelming-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    republic/syria-crisis-spiralling-out-
        1                28/02/2013 Jordan     Jordan             displacement     refugees               T his month, Jordan recorded its highest-ever figure, with more than 50,000 new arrivals.                                                                                                                             NGO                   OXFAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    control-flood-refugees-overwhelming-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          In Jordan, more than 120,000 refugees are officially registered at the sprawling Zaatari desert                                                                                                                                                           republic/syria-crisis-spiralling-out-
        1                28/02/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp      displacement     refugees               camp, near the Syrian border. T he camp, the size of a large city, is almost full to capacity. T he                                                                                                                   NGO                   OXFAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    control-flood-refugees-overwhelming-
                                                                                                          massive influx Is already creating tensions and conflict over sparse resources.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    republic/syria-crisis-spiralling-out-
        1                28/02/2013 Jordan     Jordan             displacement     refugees               T he Jordanian government is planning to open at least two new camps to house the refugees.                                                                                                                           NGO                   OXFAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    control-flood-refugees-overwhelming-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    aid
                                                                                                          T he river Euphrates runs through Deir Ez-Zor, splitting the city. Mass destruction of the bridges                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      British Red
        1                28/02/2013 Syria      Deir Ezzor         Access           all                    has made it harder to distribute aid. Undeterred, volunteers use a boat to take relief items across                                                                                                                   Red cross movement                  republic/aid-syria-truck-boat-or-horse-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Cross
                                                                                                          the river:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and-cart
                                                                                                          T he situation I witnessed
                                                                                                          in Karameh is dire. T he camp
                                                                                                          hosts around 4,500 people, made
                                                                                                          up of mostly women and children.
                                                                                                          Although some aid has been
                                                                                                          delivered previously,
                                                                                                          violence and the difficulty
                                                                                                          of access has limited our
                                                                                                          response. T he needs are
                                                                                                          great and people lack even
                                                                                                          the most basic of supplies. T here are some tents that
                                                                                                          shelter displaced families but very                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          few heaters, which quickly run out of
        1                28/02/2013 Syria      Aleppo             displacement     IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         UN                    UNICEF        republic/children-syria-unicef-update-
                                                                                                          fuel. Families lack the basics: food,
                                                                                                          clean water, blankets, clothes, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    28-february-2013
                                                                                                          latrines. Women and children, who
                                                                                                          have lost everything, are enduring
                                                                                                          harsh living conditions, including
                                                                                                          a cold winter. T his camp has only
                                                                                                          eight toilets, which is nowhere
                                                                                                          near enough to meet the needs of
                                                                                                          thousands of people.
                                                                                                          T he lack of sanitation facilities and
                                                                                                          their poor condition are placing
                                                                                                          children, in particular, at extremely
                                                                                                          high risk of disease.
                                                                                                          T he Council today extended all EU sanctions against the Syrian regime for a further three months.                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                  Political
        1                28/02/2013 Syria      Syria                               all                    At the same time, it amended the arms embargo so as to allow for the provision of non-lethal                                                                                                                          other                 EU            republic/eu-sanctions-against-syrian-
                                                                  Developments
                                                                                                          equipment and technical assistance for the protection of civilians .                                                                                                                                                                                      regime-extended
                                                                                                          Every day, an average of eight children are born as refugees in Za’atari, Health workers are
                                                                                                          particularly concerned at the high number of Syrian teenage girls, as young as 14, who arrive                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/mothers
        1                28/02/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp      Health           refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                          pregnant and give birth in the camp. T raditional early marriages – and giving birth at a young age                                                                                                                                                       -zaatari-camp-jordan
                                                                                                          – can cause long-term health problems for young mothers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Approximately 65,000 people in Aleppo, Homs, and Idlib
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    governorates benefited from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    deliveries of humanitarian assistance organized by U.N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    agencies across lines of conflict                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    between January 31 and February 18, as the U.N. continued to                                                                                    nt/files/resources/Syria%20Comple
        1                28/02/2013 Syria      Syria              response         all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 USAID
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    accelerate its response in                                                                                                                      x%20Emergency%20Fact%20Sheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Syria. From February 9 to 22, assistance from the U.N.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    %20%2310.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Children’s Fund (UNICEF), a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    USG partner, benefited approximately 223,000 people in seven
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    governorates.

                                                                                                          From February 20 to 25, nearly 16,000 Syrian refugees—primarily from Dar’a, Homs, and Rif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
                                                                                                          Damascus                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  nt/files/resources/Syria%20Comple
        1                28/02/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp      displacement     all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 USAID
                                                                                                          governorates—arrived in Jordan’s Za’atri camp, bringing the total number of February arrivals to                                                                                                                                                          x%20Emergency%20Fact%20Sheet
                                                                                                          approximately 60,000.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    %20%2310.pdf
                                                                                                          On February 14, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) assessed the nature and extent
                                                                                                          of human
                                                                                                          trafficking within Syrian refugee communities in Domiz camp by conducting interviews with Syrian
                                                                                                          refugees and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
                                                                                                          government and humanitarian partners. Based on IOM’s preliminary assessment, international,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    nt/files/resources/Syria%20Comple
        1                28/02/2013 Iraq       Domiz camp         protection       all                    organized trafficking in                                                                                                                                                                                              Donor                 USAID
                                                                                                          persons does not appear to be occurring in the context of Syrian displacement; however, IOM was                                                                                                                                                           x%20Emergency%20Fact%20Sheet
                                                                                                          advised of issues                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         %20%2310.pdf
                                                                                                          and trends which indicate increasing abuse of positions of vulnerability, such as women entering
                                                                                                          into marriages for a
                                                                                                          lower dowry than would have been expected in Syria
                                                                                                          T he total number of Syrian refugee children enrolled in Lebanese                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/lebano
        1                28/02/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            education        refugees               public schools has gone up from 24,000 in January to 25,700 by the                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNHCR         n-un-inter-agency-response-syrian-
                                                                                                          end of February;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          refugees-february-2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/lebano
                                                                                                          Most Syrian refugees who registered with us in February arrived from Homs, Idleb, Damascus and
        1                28/02/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            displacement     refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNHCR         n-un-inter-agency-response-syrian-
                                                                                                          Aleppo.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    refugees-february-2013
                                                                                                          Heavy shelling and sniper shooting during last week in Khat al Pertol, north Lebanon, resulted in
                                                                                                          the death of two
                                                                                                          people, one injury and serious damage of approximately ten houses.                                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/lebano
                                                                                                          UNHCR and partners are in close touch with refugees in the affected areas to ensure their safety
        1                28/02/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            protection       refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNHCR         n-un-inter-agency-response-syrian-
                                                                                                          and have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    refugees-february-2013
                                                                                                          previously offered to relocate them. Many however, continue to prefer to remain in those areas due
                                                                                                          to their
                                                                                                          proximity to Syria.
                                                                                                          T o meet the needs of the large influx of refugees in the Za’atari camp, which is home to tens of
                                                                                                          thousands of refugees, half of them children, UNICEF is building a second school to educate                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/after-
                                                                                                          another 5,000 children.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   winter-break-and-heavy-rains-back-
        1                27/02/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp      education        children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    school-za%E2%80%99atari-refugee-
                                                                                                          A third is needed, but a lack of funds means over 5,000 children won’t be able to go to school in                                                                                                                                                         camp-jordan
                                                                                                          Za’atari – if money is not forthcoming.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          he noted that there had been recent successes in gaining access in the Homs and Aleppo                                                                                                                                                      UN News
        1                27/02/2013 Syria      Syria              Access           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                                  republic/un-officials-stress-urgent-
                                                                                                          governorates,                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    need-funds-help-syrians-affected-crisis

                                                                                                          Also briefing the Council today was the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on
                                                                                                          Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Hawa Bangura, who warned of reports of the systematic use
                                                                                                          of sexual violence not just against women but also against men, boys and girls.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          She told reporters that sexual violence is now “widespread” and is triggering a huge displacement                                                                                                                                           UN News
        1                27/02/2013 Syria      Syria              protection       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                                  republic/un-officials-stress-urgent-
                                                                                                          of people who cite fear of this type of violence as the reason for leaving their homes.                                                                                                                                                     Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    need-funds-help-syrians-affected-crisis
                                                                                                          Ms. Bangura also said many men reported that sexual violence is being used by Government
                                                                                                          forces as a technique to solicit information, while there have also been reports of many families
                                                                                                          at the brink of destitution that have given up their daughters for marriage.

                                                                                                          Fierce battles pitting Syria's army against rebels rocked towns near Damascus on Wednesday as                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          the regime renewed its campaign to suppress the insurgency around the capital, Army tanks
        1                27/02/2013 Syria      Rif Damascus       armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/battles-rock-damascus-
                                                                                                          pounded the rebel-held town of Daraya southwest of Damascus, said the Syrian Observatory for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    province-ngo
                                                                                                          Human Rights, while fresh clashes broke out in Irbin, northeast of the city.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          State television reported meanwhile that "two mortar rounds fell near the Faculty of Literature in
        1                27/02/2013 Syria      Damascus           armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/battles-rock-damascus-
                                                                                                          Damascus", without elaborating.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    province-ngo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          Clashes over the academy have raged for the past week, as insurgents have been attempting to
        1                27/02/2013 Syria      Aleppo             armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/battles-rock-damascus-
                                                                                                          seize one of the last regime bastions in the northern province of Aleppo.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    province-ngo
                                                                                                          A stray mortar shell landed Wednesday in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, the army said. It
                                                                                                          was the first time in nearly three months that a shell had slammed into the Israeli side of the                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          Golan, without causing injuries or damage. Such incidents have been sporadic but have
        1                27/02/2013 Syria      Quneitra           armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/shell-hits-golan-injured-
                                                                                                          increased over the past six months as violence from the civil war in Syria spilled across the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    syrians-leave-israeli-hospital
                                                                                                          ceasefire line. Israel seized the Golan from Syria in the 1967 Six-Day War and annexed it in 1981,
                                                                                                          in a move never recognised by the international community.
                                                                                                          T urkish officials estimate that there are over 100,000 non-camp Syrians living in various provinces
                                                                                                          mainly Gaziantep, Kilis, Hatay and Sanliurfa. Local authorities informed UNHCR that non-camp
                                                                                                          Syrians are registered/enumarated in coordination centers in Gaziantep and Kilis managed jointly
                                                                                                          by AFAD and Governorates. In these Centers, Syrians are issued an ID card which give them
                                                                                                          access to medical assistance as well as assistance mechanisms provided through the sub
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
        1                27/02/2013 Turkey     Turkey             displacement     refugees               governorates. In Gaziantep, an estimated 6,000 non-camp Syrias are registered with the                                                                                                                                UN                    UNHCR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-27-feb-2013
                                                                                                          coordination centre and more than 25,000 are pending registration appointments. Similar centers
                                                                                                          are also intended to be opened in Sanliurfa and Osmaniya. Despite the openning of the two new
                                                                                                          sites Nizip-2 and Adana/Saricam, the shortage in capacity to accommodate the new arrivals
                                                                                                          continues to be a main challenge. While some additional sites are under construction the
                                                                                                          authorities are also in serach of available space in different cities.
                                                                                                          As per information from Regional MFA Representative, the number of Syrians in IDP camps on the
                                                                                                          Syrian side of the border (Hatay and Kilis) have increased and is estimated to be about 50,000.                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
        1                27/02/2013 Syria      Aleppo             displacement     IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         UN                    UNHCR
                                                                                                          Reportedly 10,000 Syrians are across Kilis border while some 40,000 are across Hatay borders of                                                                                                                                                           turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-27-feb-2013
                                                                                                          Reyhanli, Yayladagi and Altinozu towns.
                                                                                                          As the Syrian conflict approaches the end of its second year, authorities in neighboring T urkey                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/turkey-
                                                                                                          have set up schools for refugee children. Most schools are in camps where some 200,000 Syrian                                                                                                                                               Voice of
        1                27/02/2013 Turkey     Turkey             education        refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NGO                                 provides-schools-syrian-refugee-
                                                                                                          refugees now live. But for the thousands who are living in apartments or with extended family, no                                                                                                                                           America
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    children
                                                                                                          schooling was available until recently.
                                                                                                          T urkish and Qatari support for Syrian insurgents is tantamount to a declaration of war against Iraq,
                                                                                                          which will suffer from the fallout of an increasingly sectarian conflict next door, an Iraqi Shi'ite                                                                                                                                                      http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/refile-
        1                27/02/2013 Iraq       Iraq               scenarios        all                    politician said. "Presenting money and weapons to al Qaeda (in Syria) by Qatar and T urkey is a                                                                                                                       International Media   AlertNet      interview-backers-of-syrian-rebels-
                                                                                                          declaration of armed action against Iraq," Amiri told Reuters in an interview this week. "T hese                                                                                                                                                          endanger-iraq--iraqi-minister
                                                                                                          weapons will reach Iraqi chests for sure."
                                                                                                          At least 10,000 refugees arrive in Jordan in last 72 hours. Jeffrey Feltman, UN under secretary-
                                                                                                          general, said on T uesday that a record 150,000 people fled Syria this month to escape the                                                                                                                                                                http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middlee
        1                27/02/2013 Jordan     Jordan             displacement     all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   Al Jazeera
                                                                                                          worsening conflict now trapped in a "destructive military spiral". T here are now 413,000 Syrian                                                                                                                                                          ast/2013/02/201322781923778518.html
                                                                                                          refugees in Jordan, a number the UN expects to reach 500,000 as early as the end of next month.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          T he Syrian government launched at least four ballistic missiles that struck populated areas in the
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Aleppo             armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NGO                   HRW           republic/unlawful-missile-attacks-kill-
                                                                                                          city of Aleppo and a town in Aleppo governorate during the week of February 17
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    more-140
                                                                                                          Fierce clashes raged on T uesday inside the historic Umayyad Mosque in Syria's second city                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          Aleppo, as rebels battled troops at a police academy elsewhere in the province. Elsewhere in
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Aleppo             armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP           republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque-
                                                                                                          Aleppo province, rebels pushed into the grounds of a major police academy and seized one of its
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    syrias-aleppo
                                                                                                          buildings after a fierce two-day siege in which more than 70 combatants were killed
                                                                                                          Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Aleppo             armed violence   all                    Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP           republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque-
                                                                                                          of Deir Ezzor.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            syrias-aleppo
                                                                                                          Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Dara'a             armed violence   all                    Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP           republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque-
                                                                                                          of Deir Ezzor.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            syrias-aleppo
                                                                                                          Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Idleb              armed violence   all                    Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP           republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque-
                                                                                                          of Deir Ezzor.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            syrias-aleppo
                                                                                                          Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Deir Ezzor         armed violence   all                    Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP           republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque-
                                                                                                          of Deir Ezzor.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            syrias-aleppo
                                                                                                          Air strikes were also reported in the southern province of Daraa, the eastern outskirts of                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Raqqa              armed violence   all                    Damascus, the northwestern province of Idlib, the northern province of Raqa and the eastern city                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP           republic/battles-erupt-historic-mosque-
                                                                                                          of Deir Ezzor.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            syrias-aleppo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          “Reports are revealing that the conflict in Syria is increasingly marked by rape and sexual violence                                                                                                                                        UN News       republic/displacement-syria-giving-
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Syria              protection       all                    employed as a weapon of war to intimidate parties to the conflict destroying identity, dignity and                                                                                                                    UN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Service       way-serious-gender-based-crimes-
                                                                                                          the social fabrics of families and communities.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    warns-un
                                                                                                          Ms. Feller said children are also exposed to many risks when they are forced to leave their homes,                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          including early marriage, torture while in detention, and other forms of exploitation in refugee                                                                                                                                            UN News       republic/displacement-syria-giving-
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Syria              protection       Children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN
                                                                                                          camps and settlements. She also stressed that support for victims is often inadequate, and                                                                                                                                                  Service       way-serious-gender-based-crimes-
                                                                                                          access to justice is very limited, increasing impunity for perpetrators.                                                                                                                                                                                  warns-un
                                                                                                          Reports are revealing that the conflict in Syria is increasingly marked by rape and sexual violence
                                                                                                          employed as a weapon of war to intimidate parties to the conflict destroying identity, dignity and                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          the social fabrics of families and communities. Ms. Feller said children are also exposed to many
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      UN News       republic/displacement-syria-giving-
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Syria              protection       all                    risks when they are forced to leave their homes, including early marriage, torture while in                                                                                                                           UN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Service       way-serious-gender-based-crimes-
                                                                                                          detention, and other forms of exploitation in refugee camps and settlements. She also stressed
                                                                                                          that support for victims is often inadequate, and access to justice is very limited, increasing                                                                                                                                                           warns-un
                                                                                                          impunity for perpetrators.
                                                                                                          AFP reports that a new jihadist group, Ahrar al Sham, has emerged as a key player in northern                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                          Syria, espousing its nationalist roots                                                                                                                                                                                                                    s/resources/Complex%20Coverage%2
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Syria              stakeholders     all                    and a more moderate form of Islam. Operating in Idlib, Aleppo, and central Hama, the group                                                                                                                            Other                 CFC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0Review%2026%20February%202013.
                                                                                                          comprises former political prisoners who
                                                                                                          were detained in the infamous Sednaya prison near Damascus.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pdf
                                                                                                          Meanwhile, Iran and Hezbollah are building a network of militias                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                          inside Syria to fight alongside Syrian government forces in order to support the Assad                                                                                                                                                                    s/resources/Complex%20Coverage%2
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Syria              stakeholders     all                    government, according to T he Guardian. A                                                                                                                                                                             Other                 CFC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0Review%2026%20February%202013.
                                                                                                          senior US government official cited Iranian claims that T ehran was backing as many as 50,000
                                                                                                          militiamen in Syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    pdf
                                                                                                          At Bab al Salama displacement camp in northern Syria, more than 10,000 Syrians are struggling
                                                                                                          to survive, according to VOA. T he                                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                          size of the tent city has blossomed in recent months as violence has continued. Most people in                                                                                                                                                            s/resources/Complex%20Coverage%2
        1                26/02/2013 Syria      Aleppo             displacement     all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Other                 CFC
                                                                                                          the camp are waiting to be relocated to                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0Review%2026%20February%202013.
                                                                                                          T urkey, but the process to enter has slowed. T hose living in the camp, report lack of food,                                                                                                                                                             pdf
                                                                                                          medical assistance, and sanitation.
                                                                                                          Between 5 February and 14February
                                                                                                          2013, a total of 253 new cases of                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          cutaneous leishmaniasis were reported                                                                                                                                                                                                                     republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
        1                25/02/2013 Syria      Deir Ezzor         Health           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    WHO
                                                                                                          through the Early Warning Alert and                                                                                                                                                                                                                       turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt-
                                                                                                          Response System (EWARS). Of these                                                                                                                                                                                                                         situation-0
                                                                                                          166 cases were reported in the DeirEzzor governorate.
                                                                                                          146 new cases of suspected hepatitis
                                                                                                          were reported. 62% of the cases were                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          aged five and above. Most cases have                                                                                                                                                                                                                      republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
        1                25/02/2013 Syria      Syria              Health           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    WHO
                                                                                                          been reported from Deir-Ezzor (31                                                                                                                                                                                                                         turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt-
                                                                                                          cases), rural Damascus (26 cases) and                                                                                                                                                                                                                     situation-0
                                                                                                          Idleb (21 cases).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          70 new cases of suspected typhoid                                                                                                                                                                                                                         republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
        1                25/02/2013 Syria      Syria              Health           all                    fever were reported in Mayadeen,                                                                                                                                                                                      UN                    WHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt-
                                                                                                          Deir-Ezzor governorate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    situation-0
                                                                                                          T he Ministry of Health and Ministry of
                                                                                                          Higher Education have reported a
                                                                                                          severe medicine shortage in health
                                                                                                          facilities, in particular intra-venous                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          fluids and albumin. T he functioning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
        1                25/02/2013 Syria      Syria              Health           all                    hospitals continue to be overwhelmed                                                                                                                                                                                  UN                    WHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt-
                                                                                                          with patients and suffer from severe
                                                                                                          shortage in medicines and supplies. 57% of public hospitals have been                                                                                                                                                                                     situation-0
                                                                                                          damaged and 36% are no longer functional.
                                                                                                          78% of public ambulances have been
                                                                                                          damaged
                                                                                                          Electricity cuts and fuel shortages
                                                                                                          continue to affect health care delivery
                                                                                                          in Aleppo. It is reported that regular                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          power cuts are afflicting all health                                                                                                                                                                                                                      republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
        1                25/02/2013 Syria      Aleppo             Health           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    WHO
                                                                                                          facilities, which are struggling to provide                                                                                                                                                                                                               turkey-lebanon-iraq-and-egypt-
                                                                                                          the needed services such as laboratory                                                                                                                                                                                                                    situation-0
                                                                                                          diagnostics, X-ray, ultrasound, cardiac
                                                                                                          monitoring etc.
                                                                                                          T he continued influx of Syrian
                                                                                                          refugees into Jordan has had a serious
                                                                                                          impact on the local health system. T he                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                          refugee camp is reaching its full capacity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    re
        1                25/02/2013 Jordan     Jordan             Health           all                    and health services are overstretched                                                                                                                                                                                 UN                    WHO
                                                                                                          inside and outside the camp. Health
                                                                                                          facilities have to provide services to both
                                                                                                          the local and Syrian refugees with the
                                                                                                          caseload continuing to increase.
                                                                                         Various assessments and reports confirmed the increasing vulnerability of the
                                                                                         population inside communal shelters but more notably outside the shelters. Social                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         and protection needs are on the rise among women and children in particular
1   26/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Displacement         all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA         s/resources/SYR_dashboard_130126.p
                                                                                         (e.g. domestic violence, separation of children, child labour, early marriage, sexual
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                df
                                                                                         harassment and abuse, drop out of schools, lack of access to basic services,
                                                                                         psycho--social needs).
                                                                                         Bloodstained clothes, charred facades of homes and collapsed buildings show the intensity of
                                                                                         the fighting between the army and residents of the Druze mountain in southern Syria and the
                                                                                         rebels of Daraa. It was only the latest chapter of an undeclared war between the loyalist province
                                                                                         and its rebel neighbour Daraa, known as the "cradle" of the uprising against President Bashar al-
                                                                                         Assad for the first mass protests of March 2011. Abductions of Druze officials in Daraa were                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Armed violence       All                    rampant in May and June, prompting the inhabitants of Sweida to respond in kind, leaving behind                                                                                                                                                                     International media   AFP          arab-republic/loyalist-sweida-rebel-
                                                                                         a palpable distrust between the provinces, though Sweida hosts some 9,000 displaced people of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                daraa-wage-war-syria
                                                                                         Daraa. T he two provinces are diametrically opposed in the current conflict. If Daraa chose
                                                                                         rebellion, Sweida is firmly in regime hands.


                                                                                         Bloodstained clothes, charred facades of homes and collapsed buildings show the intensity of
                                                                                         the fighting between the army and residents of the Druze mountain in southern Syria and the
                                                                                         rebels of Daraa. It was only the latest chapter of an undeclared war between the loyalist province
                                                                                         and its rebel neighbour Daraa, known as the "cradle" of the uprising against President Bashar al-
                                                                                         Assad for the first mass protests of March 2011. Abductions of Druze officials in Daraa were                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Armed violence       All                    rampant in May and June, prompting the inhabitants of Sweida to respond in kind, leaving behind                                                                                                                                                                     International media   AFP          arab-republic/loyalist-sweida-rebel-
                                                                                         a palpable distrust between the provinces, though Sweida hosts some 9,000 displaced people of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                daraa-wage-war-syria
                                                                                         Daraa. T he two provinces are diametrically opposed in the current conflict. If Daraa chose
                                                                                         rebellion, Sweida is firmly in regime hands.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                          Humanitarian and developmental aid agencies in Syria say international sanctions against the
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Syria              access               all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   IRIN         republic/sanctions-hit-humanitarian-
                                                                                         country have made their operations harder.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                aid-syria
                                                                                         the sanctions regime has had significant economic repercussions beyond the Syrian state and                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         government."
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Syria              LFS                  aLL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   IRIN         republic/sanctions-hit-humanitarian-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                aid-syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       M will begin a Returnees
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Profiling and Registration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Project. The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       project aims to improve the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       knowledge on the extent and                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   25/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon            Displacement         returnees                                                                                                                                                                                            patterns of displaced populations                                                     UN                    IOM          s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and their                                                                                                                ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       exposure to protection risks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       through the collection of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       demographics and socio-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       economic indicators.

                                                                                         From the assessed households, 11% of refugee households as opposed to 25% of returnee                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   25/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq               Displacement         refugees               households                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    IOM          s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res
                                                                                         were classified as Female Headed Households.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf

                                                                                         From the assessed households, 11% of refugee households as opposed to 25% of returnee                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   25/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq               Displacement         returnees              households                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    IOM          s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res
                                                                                         were classified as Female Headed Households.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf

                                                                                         Report findings indicate that 71% of Syrian refugees as opposed to 94% of Iraqi returnees                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   25/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq               Shelter              returnees              reported to live                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    IOM          s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res
                                                                                         in durable shelters.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         T he UNICEF mission to T artous, in the west of the country, reported that there are currently                                                                                                                                                                                                         republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
2   25/01/2013 Syria      Tartous            Displacement         IDPs                   25,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         displaced families registered in the area,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                jordan-2
                                                                                         In Adraa, in Rural Damascus, UNICEF and NGO partner HELP are providing water and sanitation                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         support to approximately 25,000 especially vulnerable displaced persons residing in semi-                                                                                                                                                                                                              republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Rural Damascus     Displacement         IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                         completed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         high rise buildings in an industrial area. Some 300,000 persons reside in the complex. T                                                                                                                                                                                                               jordan-2
                                                                                         Children in Syria continue to face serious protection challenges, including killing and                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         maiming. Many children have experienced violence and displacement, creating massive needs in                                                                                                                                                                                                           republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Protection           children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                         terms                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         of psychosocial support and mine risk education.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       jordan-2
                                                                                         According to the Ministry of Education (MoE), 2,400 schools have been damaged across all
                                                                                         governorates, and a further 1,960 are being used as shelters. Access to school is severely
                                                                                         affected,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         especially in Aleppo, Idleb, Dara’a, Homs, Hama, and rural Damascus. Officials in Homs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Syria              education            all                    estimate that                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         enrolment rates remain relatively high, at 80 per cent, but actual attendance rates cannot be
                                                                                         verified. Currently, approximately 14 per cent of schools in Homs governorate are estimated to be                                                                                                                                                                                                      jordan-2
                                                                                         completely
                                                                                         out of service
                                                                                         According to the Ministry of Education (MoE), 2,400 schools have been damaged across all
                                                                                         governorates, and a further 1,960 are being used as shelters. Access to school is severely
                                                                                         affected,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         especially in Aleppo, Idleb, Dara’a, Homs, Hama, and rural Damascus. Officials in Homs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Homs               education            all                    estimate that                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         enrolment rates remain relatively high, at 80 per cent, but actual attendance rates cannot be
                                                                                         verified. Currently, approximately 14 per cent of schools in Homs governorate are estimated to be                                                                                                                                                                                                      jordan-2
                                                                                         completely
                                                                                         out of service
                                                                                         According to local sources in T artous, half of the 1,400 schools in the area are housing
                                                                                         displaced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         persons. In spite of this, classes are still being held in an attempt to continue the education of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 Syria      Tartous            education            all                    displaced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         children. An estimated 30,000 displaced children are registered in schools in the governorate,
                                                                                         with the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               jordan-2
                                                                                         majority of displaced persons residing in coastal areas and Mashta Elhu.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         In response to the increasing influx of refugees, the Government of Lebanon has                                                                                                                                                                                                                        republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon            Displacement         all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                         authorised the establishment of two transit centres, each for up to 5,000 people.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                jordan-2
                                                                                         A UNICEFfunded WASH assessment in the Bekaa Valley conducted in December 2012 found
                                                                                         that 40 per-cent of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         households assessed were either pending registration or were not registered with UNHCR at all.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon            Displacement         Refugees               Less                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         than 3 per cent of refugees are living in camps or collective shelters, while 27 per cent of
                                                                                         refugees are                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           jordan-2
                                                                                         living with host families – mainly concentrated in the poorest areas of the country.

                                                                                         T he sustained high influx of refugees to Za’atari remains a great strain on current WASH facilities                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         in the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 Jordan     Jordan             WASH                 Camp Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                         camp. Currently, latrine coverage is estimated at roughly one latrine for 50 refugees. Due to high                                                                                                                                                                                                     humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         mobility within the camp, however, some modules are receiving heavier usage than others.                                                                                                                                                                                                               jordan-2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         Lack of capacity to accommodate additional refugees remains a major challenge. T he                                                                                                                                                                                                                    republic/syria-crisis-bi-weekly-
1   25/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey             Displacement         Refugees               Government of T urkey is providing additional family tents, and more are planned for camps in                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                humanitarian-situation-report-syria-
                                                                                         Kahramanmaras.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                jordan-2

                                                                                         troops bombarded western rebel districts of Homs, T he Syrian Revolution General Authority, a                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   24/01/2013 Syria      Homs               Armed violence       All                    network of opposition activists on the ground, said regime troops used heavy artillery and clashed                                                                                                                                                                  International media   AFP          republic/assad-joins-damascus-
                                                                                         with the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA) in an attempt to storm the west side of the city.                                                                                                                                                                                                                prayers-army-bombards-homs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         WHO has designated the crisis in the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   republic/health-response-crisis-syrian-
1   24/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Health               All                    Syrian Arab Republic and neighbouring countries                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    WHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                arab-republic-and-neighbouring-
                                                                                         a Grade 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                countries
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         Communicable diseases being reported through                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           republic/health-response-crisis-syrian-
1   24/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Health               All                    the Early Warning and Response System include                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    WHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                arab-republic-and-neighbouring-
                                                                                         influenza, acute diarrhoea and hepatitis.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                countries
                                                                                         T he provision of mental healthcare remains a                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         challenge, with a severe shortage of psychiatrists                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     republic/health-response-crisis-syrian-
1   24/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Health               All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    WHO
                                                                                         in the country and increased needs for referral to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     arab-republic-and-neighbouring-
                                                                                         mental health treatment and care.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      countries
                                                                                         A UN official told the BBC that up to 3,000 were arriving every day and at least 50,000 were
                                                                                         waiting to cross. T he UN refugee council (UNHCR) said on Wednesday that more than 26,500
                                                                                         Syrian refugees had crossed into Jordan since 1 January, with more than 10,500 new arrivals in                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-
1   24/01/2013 Jordan     Jordan             Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   International media   BBC
                                                                                         the past five days alone.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              middle-east-21179835

                                                                                         T hat compared with 16,413 arriving in December; 13,000 in November and 10,000 in October.
                                                                                         Hand-held transceivers help residents to communicate and also keep track of impending attacks                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         in absence of other means.
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Logistics            all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   Al Jazeera   republic/walkie-talkies-lifeline-wartime-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Armed violence       children               T he Observatory has previously reported more than 3,500 child deaths in Syria's conflict.                                                                                                                                                                          International media   AFP          republic/fighting-rages-syria-russia-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                lashes-out-opposition
                                                                                         In Ras al-Ain, in the Kurdish northeast, battles raged between Kurdish militia and Islamist rebels,                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Al-Rakka           Armed violence       all                    the Observatory said, adding that more than 58 people have been killed in a week of fierce fighting                                                                                                                                                                 International media   AFP          republic/fighting-rages-syria-russia-
                                                                                         there.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 lashes-out-opposition
                                                                                         T he developments came as Human Rights Watch warned that rebel groups appeared to have                                                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Protection           all                    destroyed or allowed the looting of minority religious sites in northern Syria, Shiite Muslim and                                                                                                                                                                   International media   AFP          republic/fighting-rages-syria-russia-
                                                                                         Christian targets                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      lashes-out-opposition
                                                                                         6 out of 13 public hospitals (46%) in the Syrian Arab Republic
                                                                                         governorate of Homs are out of service, including the main
                                                                                         public hospital. 25 out of 220 health centres (11%) in Homs are out of service. T his is double the                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         amount of out-of-service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Homs               Health               all                    centres on a national level. Due to the non-functional health centres, the local population is                                                                                                                                                                      UN                    WHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report-
                                                                                         facing great
                                                                                         difficulty in obtaining essential health care assistance. Al-Birr hospital, a private hospital                                                                                                                                                                                                         issue-9-23
                                                                                         operated by a local charity, is fully functional and serving poor and
                                                                                         internally displaced people free of charge. T his is currently the only functional hospital in Homs.
                                                                                         20 000 Lebanese who have returned from the Syrian Arab                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         Republic are in urgent need for shelter and humanitarian                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
1   23/01/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            shelter              Lebanese migrants                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    WHO
                                                                                         assistance, according to the Lebanese Ministry of Social                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report-
                                                                                         Affairs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                issue-9-23
                                                                                         Pregnancies/deliveries among women of childbearing age, premature births, and war trauma                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         among adult                                                                                                                                                                                                       WHO has completed a rapid assessment for people
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
1   23/01/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon            Health               Refugees               males remain top conditions for hospital admissions. 23% of all hospital admissions are                                                                                                                           with                                              UN                    WHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report-
                                                                                         pregnancy-related                                                                                                                                                                                                 disabilities in Al-Qa’im and Domiz camps.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                issue-9-23
                                                                                         conditions.
                                                                                         Around 45 000 refugees living in camps are treated through 4 health centres established within
                                                                                         the camps.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         medical centres                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
1   23/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq               Health               Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    WHO
                                                                                         and nearby hospitals. However, health service delivery to populations outside the camps                                                                                                                                                                                                                lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report-
                                                                                         remains a                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              issue-9-23
                                                                                         challenge, especially for patients with chronic illnesses since these patients require longer-term
                                                                                         treatment.
                                                                                         Bad weather conditions and flooding have caused two out of six health facilities to temporarily                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         shut down.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
1   23/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp      Health               Camp Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              UN                    WHO
                                                                                         However, health services continue to be provided within the camp.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                issue-9-23
                                                                                         T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and
                                                                                         vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other
                                                                                         infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2
                                                                                         million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years.
                                                                                         Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates,
                                                                                         including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil
                                                                                         production in Dara'a.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Syria              LFS                  All                    Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    FAO          republic/syrian-agricultural-production-
                                                                                         reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    drops-massively-conflict-continues
                                                                                         T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers.
                                                                                         T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack
                                                                                         of fuel for irrigation pumps.
                                                                                         Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised
                                                                                         by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions.
                                                                                         T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit
                                                                                         with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb.
                                                                                         T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and
                                                                                         vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other
                                                                                         infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2
                                                                                         million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years.
                                                                                         Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates,
                                                                                         including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil
                                                                                         production in Dara'a.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Homs               LFS                  All                    Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    FAO          republic/syrian-agricultural-production-
                                                                                         reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    drops-massively-conflict-continues
                                                                                         T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers.
                                                                                         T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack
                                                                                         of fuel for irrigation pumps.
                                                                                         Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised
                                                                                         by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions.
                                                                                         T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit
                                                                                         with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb.
                                                                                         T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and
                                                                                         vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other
                                                                                         infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2
                                                                                         million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years.
                                                                                         Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates,
                                                                                         including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil
                                                                                         production in Dara'a.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Dara'a             LFS                  All                    Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    FAO          republic/syrian-agricultural-production-
                                                                                         reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    drops-massively-conflict-continues
                                                                                         T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers.
                                                                                         T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack
                                                                                         of fuel for irrigation pumps.
                                                                                         Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised
                                                                                         by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions.
                                                                                         T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit
                                                                                         with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb.
                                                                                         T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and
                                                                                         vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other
                                                                                         infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2
                                                                                         million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years.
                                                                                         Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates,
                                                                                         including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil
                                                                                         production in Dara'a.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Idleb              LFS                  All                    Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    FAO          republic/syrian-agricultural-production-
                                                                                         reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    drops-massively-conflict-continues
                                                                                         T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers.
                                                                                         T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack
                                                                                         of fuel for irrigation pumps.
                                                                                         Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised
                                                                                         by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions.
                                                                                         T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit
                                                                                         with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb.
                                                                                         T wenty-two months of conflict has left Syria's agricultural sector in tatters with cereal, fruit and
                                                                                         vegetable production dropping for some by half and massive destruction of irrigation and other
                                                                                         infrastructure, a UN mission has found. Wheat and barley production dropped to less than 2
                                                                                         million tonnes last year from 4 to 4.5 million tonnes in normal years.
                                                                                         Vegetable, fruit and olive production declined significantly in both Homs and Dara'a Governorates,
                                                                                         including a 60 percent drop in vegetable production in Homs and a 40 percent drop in olive oil
                                                                                         production in Dara'a.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Hama               LFS                  All                    Only 45 percent of the farmers were able to fully harvest their cereal crops while 14 percent                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    FAO          republic/syrian-agricultural-production-
                                                                                         reported they could not harvest due to insecurity and lack of fuel.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    drops-massively-conflict-continues
                                                                                         T here is a lack of access to agricultural inputs including quality seeds and fertilizers.
                                                                                         T here is a lack of irrigation due to damage to main irrigation canals especially in Homs and lack
                                                                                         of fuel for irrigation pumps.
                                                                                         Movement of livestock to grazing areas has not been possible and their survival is compromised
                                                                                         by the lack of animal feed and veterinary drugs, the importation of which is hampered by sanctions.
                                                                                         T he production of poultry, a traditional source of cheap animal protein has also been severely hit
                                                                                         with major farms destroyed in Homs, Hama and Idleb.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                                          Armed opposition groups appeared to have deliberately destroyed religious sites in mixed areas
1   23/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Protection           all                    of Northern Syria, in November and December 2012, Human Rights Watch said following                                                                                                                                                                                 NGO                   HRW          arab-republic/attacks-religious-
                                                                                         investigations in Latakia and Idlib governorates.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sites-raise-tensions
                                                                                         But the opposition Syrian National Coalition warned following talks in Istanbul that it would
                                                                                         pressure the UN to stop the delivery of any form of aid to the Assad regime. T he participants                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
1   22/01/2013 Syria      Syria              stakeholders         all                    decided to form a committee to move diplomatically and pressure the United Nations to stop                                                                                                                                                                          International media   AFP          arab-republic/syria-car-bomb-kills-
                                                                                         delivery of any aid, approved under a plan to respond to Syria humanitarian needs last month, to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                30-separate-blast-rocks-capital
                                                                                         the official Syrian institutions,

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                                         T he suicide bombing that targeted a building used by pro-regime militiamen in Salmiyeh, a town
1   22/01/2013 Syria      Hama               Armed violence       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   AFP          arab-republic/syria-car-bomb-kills-
                                                                                         in the central province of Hama, killed more than 30 people,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                30-separate-blast-rocks-capital
                                                                                         over time, security forces withdrew to concentrate elsewhere. Kurdish groups stepped in to                                                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   22/01/2013 Syria      Syria              stakeholders         Kurds                  replace them: to stake out zones of influence, protect their respective areas, provide essential                                                                                                                                                                    NGO                   ICG          republic/syria%E2%80%99s-kurds-
                                                                                         services and ensure an improved status for the community in a post-Assad Syria.                                                                                                                                                                                                                        struggle-within-struggle
                                                                                         Syria’s Kurds inhabit lands close to the T urkish and Iraqi borders, though several cities in other
                                                                                         parts of the country, in particular Damascus and Aleppo, also have large Kurdish constituencies.
                                                                                         Partly co-opted by the regime, which developed its own Kurdish clients by tolerating some                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         political and paramilitary activism (as long as it was directed against T urkey) and criminal activity
1   22/01/2013 Syria      Syria              baseline             Kurds                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NGO                   ICG          republic/syria%E2%80%99s-kurds-
                                                                                         (mostly smuggling), Syria’s Kurds also have seethed under systemic discrimination and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                struggle-within-struggle
                                                                                         repression. Among the more egregious forms of inequity, some 300,000 of them – roughly 15 per
                                                                                         cent of the estimated two million total – remain stateless, living in a legal vacuum and deprived of
                                                                                         fundamental rights.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         Shortly after the uprising broke out, the PYD, which had been encamped with the PKK in northern
1   22/01/2013 Syria      Syria              stakeholders         Kurds                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NGO                   ICG          republic/syria%E2%80%99s-kurds-
                                                                                         Iraq’s mountains, returned to Syria, bringing along a contingent of fighters.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                struggle-within-struggle
                                                                                         a'atri camp has experienced a massive increase in arrival numbers, with 8,821 Syrian refugees
                                                                                         crossing the borders in the past 5 days. Refugees have arrived throughout the night and long into                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr-
1   22/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp      Displacement         Refugees               the day marking a significant change from earlier trends when the norm was for people to arrive at                                                                                                                                                                  UN                    UNHCR        further-scaling-syria-refugee-
                                                                                         night. UNHCR estimates that 21,000 people in need of protection have crossed into Jordan since                                                                                                                                                                                                         operations-crisis-grows
                                                                                         1 January, with new arrivals reporting increasing desperation for safety.
                                                                                         UNHCR staff, NGOs and outreach workers have noticed a significant increase in the needs of
                                                                                         urban refugees over the past couple of months, as the situation becomes more prolonged and as                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr-
                                                                                         people struggle to support their families. Many refugees are living in poorly insulated rooftop
1   22/01/2013 Jordan     Jordan             shelter              Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNHCR        further-scaling-syria-refugee-
                                                                                         shelters and basement studios. It is not unusual to find several families crammed into a small
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                operations-crisis-grows
                                                                                         apartment. Many are surviving on the generosity of Jordanian neighbours, who have limited
                                                                                         resources themselves.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr-
                                                                                         T he Government of Jordan estimates over 300,000 Syrians have entered the country in the past 22
1   22/01/2013 Jordan     Jordan             Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNHCR        further-scaling-syria-refugee-
                                                                                         months, of which 245,000 are accommodated in host communities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                operations-crisis-grows
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr-
1   22/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq               Displacement         Refugees               In Iraq, women and children make up approximately 52 per cent of the Syrian refugee population.                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNHCR        further-scaling-syria-refugee-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                operations-crisis-grows
                                                                                         Close to 90 per cent of Syrian refugees arrived in 2012. One third of the refugees come from                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr-
1   22/01/2013 regional   Regional           Displacement         Refugees               Homs, with the remaining originating from Aleppo, As Suweida, Damascus City, Dara, Deir-ez-zor,                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNHCR        further-scaling-syria-refugee-
                                                                                         Hama, Hassakeh, Idleb, Lattakia, Quneitra, Raqqa, Rural Damascus and T artous.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         operations-crisis-grows
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/over-
                                                                                         More than 12,000 Syrians, mostly women and children, have sought refuge in Jordan in the past
1   22/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   International media   AFP          12000-syrians-flee-jordan-six-days-
                                                                                         six days
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                govt


                                                                                                                                                                                                  France will host on Monday, January 28, a working meeting in
                                                                                                                                                                                                  support of the Syrian National Coalition. This meeting, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                  will be opened by the minister of foreign affairs, will take place
                                                                                                                                                                                                  in the presence of the coalition leaders. Around 50 countries,
                                                                                                                                                                                                  regional and international organizations will participate in this
                                                                                                                                                                                                  exercise at the senior official level.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  This meeting aims to put into practice the commitments made
                                                                                                                                                                                                  during the meeting of the Friends of the Syrian People group in
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Marrakesh on December 12, which recognized the Coalition as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/country
                                                                                                                                                                                                  the legitimate representative of the Syrian people and urged the
                                             Political                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             France       -files/syria-295/events-
1   22/01/2013 France                                                                                                                                                                             international community to provide all necessary support for the                                                                                           Government
                                             developments                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Diplomatie   5888/article/meeting-in-support-of-the-
                                                                                                                                                                                                  democratic aspirations of the Syrian population and to provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                syrian
                                                                                                                                                                                                  assistance to the civilian populations.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  On this occasion, France will reaffirm its full support for the
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Syrian National Coalition, which it recognized as the sole
                                                                                                                                                                                                  legitimate representative of the Syrian people.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  This meeting will take place at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
                                                                                                                                                                                                  at the Convention Center, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm. There will
                                                                                                                                                                                                  be a photo shoot at the beginning of the meeting and a stake-
                                                                                                                                                                                                  out by the minister around 9:30 am.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         contamination of water can pose a real threat on the health of children. Already many health
1   22/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Health               children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNICEF       republic/un-emergency-directors-
                                                                                         problems like scabies and skin diseases are present
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                shocked-appalling-plight-people-syria

                                                                                         Homs lies on a key battlefront between the army and rebels, who have seized large swathes of                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   22/01/2013 Syria      Homs               Armed violence       all                    northern and eastern Syria. A fresh outbreak of fierce fighting has gripped the strategic Syrian city                                                                                                                                                               International media   AFP          republic/fresh-clashes-syrias-homs-
                                                                                         of Homs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                russians-flee
                                                                                         With 80 per cent of Syrian refugees living in urban communities, cash assistance has been                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr-
1   22/01/2013 Jordan     Jordan             Displacement         Refugees               instrumental in allowing the most vulnerable households to cover their basic needs such as                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    UNHCR        further-scaling-syria-refugee-
                                                                                         rental costs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          operations-crisis-grows
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/unhcr-
                                                                                         Of the 73,150 Syrian refugees now registered in Iraq, more than half are living in refugee camps,
1   22/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq               Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNHCR        further-scaling-syria-refugee-
                                                                                         with 35 per cent living in urban areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                operations-crisis-grows
                                                                                         A suicide bomber targeting Syrian pro-government forces has killed many people in the central
                                                                                         province of Hama, state new agency Sana reports.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Hamra - Salmiyeh   Armed violence       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   BBC
                                                                                         Activists say dozens of people - including both pro-regime militiamen and civilians - were killed in                                                                                                                                                                                                   middle-east-21122618
                                                                                         the blast in the town of Salmiyeh.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Damascus           Armed violence       all                    Both Sana and activists also reported deadly fighting in Damascus on Monday.                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   BBC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                middle-east-21122618
                                                                                         T he UN estimates that 4 million people – nearly one in five of the pre-crisis population –                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria. Roughly half of those in need are located
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Population in need   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         in the three most affected governorates: Aleppo (19.8 per cent); Homs (14.8 per cent);
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         and Rural Damascus (14.8 per cent) (SARC, January 2013).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         T he particularly harsh winter has compounded the suffering of people in need, especially
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Shelter              IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         IDPs living in shelters lacking adequate insulation with no winter clothes and no blankets.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         Even those who still have homes are suffering from the cold; often unable to heat their
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Shelter              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         houses due to shortages of fuel and electricity.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         Many of the 2 million internally displaced people are hosted by families
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Displacement         IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         and friends, in countless communities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf

                                                                                         Extensive needs were witnessed in terms of food,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         healthcare and access to clean water. Children have been particularly affected by the
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Homs               Multi-sectoral       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         fighting and urgently need psychosocial support and access to school. Buildings have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         been reduced to rubble and many people have lost their homes.

                                                                                         Due to shortages of basic medicines, medical supplies and equipment, even complicated                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         surgeries are often being performed using local anesthetic. According to Islamic Relief,
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Health               all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         medical supplies are severely low in many locations, leaving many without access to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         proper care

                                                                                         All health facilities in Homs visited by WHO during the reporting period                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Dara'a             Health               All                    indicated shortages in essential medicines and supplies, and authorities reported                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         difficulties in delivering medicines to Dara’a                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf

                                                                                         All health facilities in Homs visited by WHO during the reporting period                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Homs               Health               all                    indicated shortages in essential medicines and supplies, and authorities reported                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         difficulties in delivering medicines to Dara’a                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf

                                                                                         According to WHO, 93 per cent of morbidity cases reported in the first week of 2013 were                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         due to influenza-like illness. T he highest proportion of cases (38 per cent) were among
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Health               all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         children 5 to 14 years old. Influenza, a common winter illness, has been exacerbated as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         Syrians struggle to keep warm during an unusually cold season.
                                                                                         According to Syrian media,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         electricity production has been cut back significantly: Damascus now faces six-hour
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Damascus           Shelter              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         power cuts daily and Aleppo officials estimate only 40 per cent of the city’s electricity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         needs are being met.
                                                                                         According to Syrian media,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         electricity production has been cut back significantly: Damascus now faces six-hour
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo             Shelter              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         power cuts daily and Aleppo officials estimate only 40 per cent of the city’s electricity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         needs are being met.

                                                                                         Frustration over                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         the conditions sparked unrest by refugees on 8 January. Some residents have called for
1   21/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp      Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         Za’atri to be closed and relocated, while others emphasized that the major problem is a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         lack of sufficient support for the current site, rather than its location.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         Approximately 30 per cent of the 150,000 Palestine refugees who lived
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Yarmouk            Displacement         Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         in the camp before the 16 December clashes have now returned.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         In Sbeinah camp (14 km south of Damascus), UNRWA
                                                                                         estimates that half of the 22,000 residents have fled in the wake of shelling. Communications                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         with Sbeinah are intermittent, and all facilities are closed. Most of the
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Rif Damascus       Displacement         Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         Sbeinah displaced are staying with friends or relatives in and around Damascus. Clashes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                         in several other camps were also reported, with movement restrictions hampering
                                                                                         residents’ ability to escape violence.

                                                                                         An estimated 400,000 Palestine refugees in Syria need humanitarian assistance. As of                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Displacement         Palestinian refugees   17 January, nearly 9,200 IDPs were sheltering in UNRWA facilities – 88 per cent of whom                                                                                                                                                                             UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         are Palestine refugees. T                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
                                                                                         Some 20,000 Palestine refugees from Syria are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                nt/files/resources/Syria%20Humani
1   21/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon            Displacement         Palestinian refugees   currently in Lebanon, already reaching the Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan                                                                                                                                                                              UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         estimate for June 2013.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                tarian%20Bulletin%20Issue%2017.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pdf
                                                                                         y. Currently 3,285 Palestine refugees from Syria have made
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
                                                                                         themselves known to UNRWA, and a new camp is scheduled to open near Zarqa, northeast of                                                                                                                                                                                                                nt/files/resources/Syria%20Humani
1   21/01/2013 Jordan     Jordan             Displacement         Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         Amman, at the end of January. In Jordan, Palestine refugees continue to face difficulties                                                                                                                                                                                                              tarian%20Bulletin%20Issue%2017.
                                                                                         entering the country.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
                                                                                         UNHCR estimates that 215,112 Syrians are living in Lebanon, where shelter remains the                                                                                                                                                                                                                  nt/files/resources/Syria%20Humani
1   21/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon            Multi-sectoral       Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         most urgent challenge, in addition to education and health                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             tarian%20Bulletin%20Issue%2017.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pdf
                                                                                         . Five new camps are under construction by the T urkish authorities:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                         Gazantep Nizip; Şanliurfa, Harran; Kilis Elbeyli; Osmaniye Düziçi; and Adana. T he first
1   21/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey             Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    OCHA         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
                                                                                         two camps are almost completed and the rest are expected to be completed in
                                                                                         approximately 1 ½ months.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20Issue%2017.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         Recent months have witnessed an escalation in the conflict, which is now in its 23rd month and                                                                                                                                                                                                         republic/ban-joint-special-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Number of affected   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    UN News
                                                                                         has left more than 2.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.                                                                                                                                                                                                                              representative-meet-ending-suffering-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         It says that January has seen the highest average arrivals with 730 refugees per day compared to
1   21/01/2013 regional   Regional           Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UN NEws      republic/un-team-shocked-what-it-
                                                                                         the past six months when about 500 Syrians arrived in Jordan each day.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sees-two-syrian-cities
                                                                                         What we are seeing in Syria is extraordinary prevalence, geographically widespread. Wolfe and
                                                                                         others, however, say exact figures on the number of rapes taking place are nearly impossible to
                                                                                         achieve because of the ongoing civil war and because many rape victim are reluctant to talk about
                                                                                         their experience. She says most of the sexual violence is carried out by Syrian military forces and
                                                                                         the allied shabiha militia. Members of both groups, she says, seem to have used rape as a form
                                                                                         of torture to extract information during interrogations and to punish the population for supporting                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Voice of
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Protection           all                    the rebels. Women are not the only victims. T wenty percent of the cases WUS has documented                                                                                                                                                                         NGO                                republic/sexual-violence-factor-syrian-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   America
                                                                                         involve men and boys. T his corresponds with a June 2012 report by HRW, Syria, Sexual Assault                                                                                                                                                                                                          refugee-crisis
                                                                                         in Detention, which documents instances of men and boys who have been sexually abused—or
                                                                                         witnessed such abuse—in detention centers, whether sexual groping, prolonged forced nudity,
                                                                                         rape and electroshock or beatings to the genitalia. In societies where women’s honor is tied to
                                                                                         their sexuality and men’s honor is tied to their women’s honor, sexual violence is particularly
                                                                                         effective at ripping apart the social fabric that can underpin a resistance
                                                                                         a total overnight electricity blackout in the capital began to lift in the morning. Meanwhile, on                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         Sunday evening Damascus was plunged in a total blackout that lasted through the night, after a
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Damascus           Shelter              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   AFP          republic/syria-warplanes-raid-
                                                                                         key transmission grid that supplies the capital was hit. It is unclear what caused the blackout,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                damascus-province-blackout-eases
                                                                                         said Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman. "Some activists have blamed an air strike."

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Damascus           Armed violence       all                    Warplanes staged several air strikes on Irbin and Hamuriyeh in Damascus province                                                                                                                                                                                    International media   AFP          republic/syria-warplanes-raid-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                damascus-province-blackout-eases
                                                                                         Long a stronghold of President Bashar al-Assad, central Damascus is increasingly feeling the
                                                                                         impact of a slow advance by rebel fighters who control a crescent of suburbs to the east and                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/power
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Damascus           Armed violence       All                    south of the city. T he price of basic commodities has soared and fuel shortages are affecting                                                                                                                                                                      International media   alertnet     -outage-in-damascus-as-syria-war-
                                                                                         services. She said it was the first time during the 22-month-old uprising that has turned into a civil                                                                                                                                                                                                 nears-capitals-centre
                                                                                         war that the most central parts of the capital were affected.
                                                                                         T he government sent reinforcements to the rebel-held southwestern district of Daraya on Monday,                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/power
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Damascus           Armed violence       All                    the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. Infantry and personnel carriers arrived                                                                                                                                                                 International media   alertnet     -outage-in-damascus-as-syria-war-
                                                                                         on the outskirts of the district which has seen months of artillery and air strikes, it said.                                                                                                                                                                                                          nears-capitals-centre
                                                                                         Opposition negotiations in Istanbul end without agreement. Syrian opposition leaders said on                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syrian
                                                                                         Monday they had failed to put together a transitional government to run rebel-held areas of the
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              stakeholders         all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   alertnet     -opposition-leaders-fail-to-form-
                                                                                         country, a blow to the exiled group trying to present an alternative to President Bashar al-Assad's
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                government
                                                                                         rule.
                                                                                         Insurgents control a crescent of suburbs to the east and south of the city and have been                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syrian
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Damascus           Armed violence       all                    advancing slowly toward its heart. Fighting broke out on Sunday just half a mile from the Old City                                                                                                                                                                  International media   alertnet     -opposition-leaders-fail-to-form-
                                                                                         in the capital's centre,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               government
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syrian
                                                                                         In the northern al-Raqqa province on Sunday night, ten people, including three children and two
1   21/01/2013 Syria      raqqa              Armed violence       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   alertnet     -opposition-leaders-fail-to-form-
                                                                                         women, were killed in an air strike on al-T abaqa,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                government
                                                                                         T he UN estimates that 4 million people – nearly one in five of the pre-crisis population                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria. Roughly half of those in need are located in the                                                                                                                                                                                                      republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Multi-sectoral       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         three most affected governorates: Aleppo (19.8 per cent); Homs (14.8 per cent); and Rural                                                                                                                                                                                                              issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                         Damascus (14.8 per cent) (SARC, January 2013).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2013-enar
                                                                                         T he particularly harsh winter has compounded the suffering of people in need, especially IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         living in shelters lacking adequate insulation with no winter clothes and no blankets. Even those                                                                                                                                                                                                      republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Shelter              IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         who still have homes are suffering from the cold; often unable to heat their houses due to                                                                                                                                                                                                             issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                         shortages of fuel and electricity.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2013-enar
                                                                                         Combatants continue                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         to employ tactics that risk or target civilian lives. Rocket and bomb attacks in urban                                                                                                                                                                                                                 republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Protection           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         centres have been reported, including attacks on residential neighbourhoods, markets                                                                                                                                                                                                                   issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                         and aid convoys.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2013-enar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         On 21 January, a UN inter-agency mission of Emergency Directors visited Homs, home to 600,000                                                                                                                                                                                                          republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      homs               Number of affected   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         people in need of assistance.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2013-enar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         Due to shortages of basic medicines, medical supplies and equipment, even complicated                                                                                                                                                                                                                  republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 syria      Syria              Health               all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         surgeries are often being performed using local anesthetic. A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2013-enar
                                                                                         A report released on 14 January 2013 by the International Rescue Committee (IRC),
                                                                                         based on three IRC assessments among Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Jordan,
                                                                                         identifies rape and sexual violence as a “significant and disturbing feature” of the conflict
                                                                                         in Syria. Many respondents identified sexual violence as a primary factor in their family’s                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         decision to flee Syria. Many Syrian women and girls relayed accounts of being attacked in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Protection           all                    public or in their homes, primarily by armed men. T he rapes reported, sometimes by                                                                                                                                                                                 UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                         multiple perpetrators, often occurred in front of family members. Syrian survivors rarely
                                                                                         report sexual violence due to “the stigma and social norms around the dishonour that                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2013-enar
                                                                                         rape brings to women and girls and their families”. Many interviewed by IRC said
                                                                                         survivors fear retribution by their assailants, being killed by "shamed" family members, or
                                                                                         in the case of girls, being married off at an early age "to safeguard their honour." (
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         According to WHO, 93 per cent of morbidity cases reported in the first week of 2013 were                                                                                                                                                                                                               republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Health               all                    due to influenza-like illness. T he highest proportion of cases (38 per cent) were among                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                         children 5 to 14 years old.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2013-enar
                                                                                         Fuel shortages and price                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         rises have prompted many Syrians to rely on electric heating. According to Syrian media,                                                                                                                                                                                                               republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Shelter              all                    electricity production has been cut back significantly: Damascus now faces six-hour                                                                                                                                                                                 UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                         power cuts daily and Aleppo officials estimate only 40 per cent of the city’s electricity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2013-enar
                                                                                         needs are being met.
                                                                                         During the reporting period, occasional clashes took place in Yarmouk, including on 19
                                                                                         and 20 January. Approximately 30 per cent of the 150,000 Palestine refugees who lived                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         in the camp before the 16 December clashes have now returned. An estimated 400,000 Palestine                                                                                                                                                                                                           republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 Syria      Syria              Protection           Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         refugees in Syria need humanitarian assistance. As of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                         17 January, nearly 9,200 IDPs were sheltering in UNRWA facilities – 88 per cent of whom                                                                                                                                                                                                                2013-enar
                                                                                         are Palestine refugees.
                                                                                         T he Government of Syria last week released a list of 110 local non-government partners                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         whom UN agencies could contract to expand the reach of humanitarian assistance in the                                                                                                                                                                                                                  republic/syria-humanitarian-bulletin-
1   21/01/2013 syria      syria              Access               all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    OCHA
                                                                                         country. T he Government of Syria approved UN requests to import fuel in support of humanitarian                                                                                                                                                                                                       issue-17-8-%E2%80%93-21-january-
                                                                                         operations on 10 January                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2013-enar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/un-
                                                                                         Winter and the extreme temperatures currently prevailing in northern Iraq are bringing hardship to                                                                                                                                                                                                     agencies-iraq-coordinate-efforts-
1   20/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq               Shelter              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    UNHCR
                                                                                         Syrian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        help-syrian-refugees-fighting-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                bitter-cold
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/un-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                agencies-iraq-coordinate-efforts-
1   20/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq               Displacement         all                    T here are still 3,000 families living in transit areas                                                                                                                                                                                                             UN                    UNHCR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                help-syrian-refugees-fighting-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                bitter-cold
                                                                                          Syria's foreign minister said on Saturday any discussion of President Bashar al-Assad's future
                                                                                         was "unacceptable", a week after an international envoy said the president should not be part of a                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news
                                             Political                                   transitional government. Assad's pitched a three-stage initiative earlier in January which calls for
1   19/01/2013 Syria      Syria                                   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   alertnet     /syria-says-talk-of-assads-removal-
                                             developments                                national dialogue, creation of a new constitution, and a new parliament, followed by national
                                                                                         referendums. But the reforms are similar to previous ones made by the Assad, which the                                                                                                                                                                                                                 unacceptable/
                                                                                         opposition rejected as superficial.
                                                                                         Syrian Kurds urged the opposition on Saturday to halt a siege against them by Islamist rebels.                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                         T he Kurdish National Council, a pro-opposition umbrella group of Syrian Kurdish parties,
1   19/01/2013 Syria      Al-Hasakah         Protection           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   AFP          republic/syrias-kurds-urge-opposition-
                                                                                         condemned what it said was an ongoing assault "against unarmed civilians" by jihadist
                                                                                         insurgents on the northern town of Ras al-Ain.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                stop-islamist-attack
                                                                                         T he Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 33 people had been killed over the past 48 hours in                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   19/01/2013 Syria      Al-Hasakah         stakeholders         All                    Ras al-Ain clashes that pitted the jihadist Al-Nusra Front against Kurdish fighters. Activists say                                                                                                                                                                  International media   AFP          republic/syrias-kurds-urge-opposition-
                                                                                         T urkey may be using jihadists in Syria to fight its own battle against the Kurds.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     stop-islamist-attack
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/mass
                                                                                         Elsewhere, Syrian warplanes raided the eastern outskirts of Damascus as army reinforcements
1   19/01/2013 Syria      Rif Damascus       Armed violence       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International media   alertnet     acre-of-over-100-reported-in-syrias-
                                                                                         arrived in Daraya, a key battleground near the capital,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                homs
                                                                                         More than 100 people were shot, stabbed or possibly burned to death by government forces in the
                                                                                         Syrian city of Homs. T he British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said women and
                                                                                         children were among the 106 people killed by forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad forces
1   19/01/2013 Syria      Homs               Armed violence       All
                                                                                         who stormed Basatin al-Hasawiya, a poor district on the edge of Homs, T he town of Houla
                                                                               T he Jerash Camp in northern Jordan was set up as an "emergency" camp in 1968 to
                                                                               accommodate 11,500 ex-Gazan refugees (Palestine refugees who fled to Gaza in 1948 and were
                                                                               displaced from Gaza in 1967) and "displaced persons" from Gaza (Gaza residents who were
                                                                               displaced in 1967 for the first time) who fled from the Gaza Strip as a result of the 1967 Arab-                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/occupied-
                                                                               Israeli war. Currently, there are 26,785 refugees in the camp that are registered with UNRWA. Of
1   15/01/2013 Jordan     Jerash Camp     Displacement     Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Donor                 ECHO             palestinian-territory/new-european-
                                                                               them, approximately 14,000 live within the official borders of camp. T he population of Jerash
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                union-assistance-palestinian-people
                                                                               Camp is almost exclusively made up of ex-Gazan refugees and "displaced persons" from Gaza.
                                                                               Although they are entitled to hold temporary, two-year Jordanian passports, unlike "West Bank"
                                                                               Palestinians in Jordan they have no national ID number and are thereby excluded from working in
                                                                               a wide range of services and professions in Jordan.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/winter
                                                                               Already 190,000 Syrian people have registered in Lebanon as refugees although it is believed that
1   15/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon         Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NGO                   Shelterbox       -shelter-offered-syrian-refugees-
                                                                               the figure is more than 300,000.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                lebanon
                                                                               T he families rent their tents from a local farmer for around 70 dollars a month and try and find ad
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Inter Press      http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/syrian
1   15/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon         LFS              Refugees            hoc work as labourers or farmhands. T he men can expect to take home around 10 dollars and the                                                                                                                                            International Media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Service          -refugees-face-storms-cardboard
                                                                               women seven dollars for a day’s work, but most of the refugees are unable to find jobs.
                                                                               Some of the other refugees choose not to register with the UNHCR out of fear of being monitored
                                                                               by the authorities, as paranoia is still common among refugees over the presence of Syrian
                                                                               intelligence in the country, real or perceived. T he Syrian conflict is hugely divisive in Lebanon,
                                                                               and this has further disrupted efforts to address the humanitarian needs of the refugee
                                                                               communities. T he government’s lack of coherent policy means few services have been extended                                                                                                                                                                    Inter Press      http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/syrian
1   15/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon         Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      International Media
                                                                               to arriving Syrians and no formal camps have been established, like those in Jordan or T urkey. In                                                                                                                                                              Service          -refugees-face-storms-cardboard
                                                                               addition to unforgiving weather, dire economic straits and a dearth of material support, many of
                                                                               the refugees also suffer from racism. T he two countries have an intimate and oftentimes troubled
                                                                               history and the Syrian conflict and influx of refugees is exacerbating Lebanon’s political instability
                                                                               and economic vulnerability.
                                                                               T he Sheikh Najjar complex opened five years ago in Aleppo, Syria's commercial capital in the
                                                                               north of the country, and was quickly touted as an economic success story.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                               T oday it works at about only 20 percent capacity, according to one estimate. T his is more to do
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                arab-republic/factories-close-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          LFS              All                 with a lack of electricity and a dearth of supplies of much-needed raw materials than as a result of                                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP
                                                                               being directly caught up in the fighting. In the initial weeks of the conflict last July, regime forces                                                                                                                                                                          workers-flee-syria-industry-losing-
                                                                               sent artillery shells smashing into the complex, alarming factory owners who begged that they be                                                                                                                                                                                 steam
                                                                               spared the violence so they could keep the wheels of industry turning. T housands of workers have
                                                                               lost their jobs because of the war

                                                                               "About 700 families" have taken refuge in the industrial zone since the fighting erupted in Aleppo,                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Displacement     IDPs                says Abu Hussein who lives with his family in a half-built -- or half-destroyed -- factory. We have                                                                                                                                       International Media   AFP              republic/factories-close-workers-flee-
                                                                               "no light, no water, no heating, nothing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         syria-industry-losing-steam

                                                                               Syria's President Bashar al-Assad may defy calls to step down and stand for election in 2014, an                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                          Political
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Syria                            All                 official said. come after Assad unveiled in a rare speech on January 5 in Damascus his own                                                                                                                                                International Media   AFP              republic/assad-may-run-2014-election-
                                          developments
                                                                               three-step peace initiative for the strife-torn country.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         air-strikes-across-syria
                                                                               Elsewhere in Syria, an artillery attack on the town of Houla in the central province of Homs                                                                                                                                                                                     http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Armed violence   All                 meanwhile killed 12 people. In Homs city, warplanes struck the besieged districts of Jobar and                                                                                                                                            International Media   AFP              republic/assad-may-run-2014-election-
                                                                               Sultaniyeh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       air-strikes-across-syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               while in the northern province of Aleppo, an air raid in on the rebel-held town of Al-Bab killed at
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/assad-may-run-2014-election-
                                                                               least eight people,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                air-strikes-across-syria

                                                                               Dozens of people were killed or wounded when Syrian troops stormed an area near a military                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Armed violence   All                 academy in the central province of Homs on T uesday, as the army attacked rebel strongholds                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP              republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded-
                                                                               across the province                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              army-attack-homs-watchdog
                                                                               Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman told AFP by phone that the area is mostly orchards and
                                                                               farmlands and that most of the residents are farmers.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Displacement     All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded-
                                                                               Others are displaced families from Homs city, particularly the neighbourhood of Deir Baalba,                                                                                                                                                                                     army-attack-homs-watchdog
                                                                               where dozens were killed in a regime attack in December.
                                                                               Also in the city, warplanes struck the besieged districts of Jobar and Sultaniyeh.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Armed violence   All                 "T hey have launched an assault on districts under siege," an anti-regime activist in the besieged                                                                                                                                        International Media   AFP              republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded-
                                                                               Old City neighbourhood of Homs city, who identified himself as Abu Bilal, told AFP via the                                                                                                                                                                                       army-attack-homs-watchdog
                                                                               Internet.

                                                                               Elsewhere in the province, seven minors were among 12 civilians killed in an artillery attack on                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Armed violence   All                 the town of Houla, where pro-regime militiamen are suspected of killing more than 100 people in                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded-
                                                                               May of last year                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 army-attack-homs-watchdog

                                                                               T he central Syrian city of Homs, dubbed "the capital of the revolution" by the country's rebels, is                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               the largest and most strategic in the country, lying on key trade routes near the borders with
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded-
                                                                               Lebanon and Iraq, and with its southwestern areas not far from Damascus. T roops have laid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                army-attack-homs-watchdog
                                                                               siege to several areas in the city and province for months.

                                                                               At least 57 governments have called on the UN Security Council to refer the Syria conflict to the                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       all                 International Criminal Court for a war crimes investigation. As Syria is not an ICC member, only a                                                                                                                                        International Media   AFP              republic/push-syria-war-crimes-probe-
                                                                               Security Council referral could start a war crimes investigation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                26-children-die
                                                                               HOMS: T roops also burned and destroyed property during the fierce assault on the area, the
                                                                               watchdog said.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/dozens-killed-or-wounded-
                                                                               T he Syrian Revolution General Council said that regime forces "committed a massacre" in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                army-attack-homs-watchdog
                                                                               area and that "more than 24 people were summarily executed and their homes and bodies were
                                                                               burned".

                                                                                                                                                                                          UNICEF and other United Nations agencies have provided
                                                                               Many families are living in extremely basic conditions, using plastic sheeting to cover broken             assistance to the area through a partner organization. While I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               windows and doors, sleeping on bare concrete floors or thin mattresses. T here is very little              was writing these lines, new emergency supplies reached
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/field-diary-impressions-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Shelter          All                 heating and a lack of diesel fuel, which is urgently needed for heating. People are trying to make         Homs, including 5,000 quilts, 1,400 blankets and 2,000 family                                                                  UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                battered-war-zone-homs-syrian-arab-
                                                                               the best of the conditions, but just imagine how cold it must be, especially at night. Although            hygiene kits. UNICEF has also recently provided high-energy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic
                                                                               water was functioning in the areas I went to, electricity seems to come only in short spurts.              biscuits for 6,400 children in Homs and supported safe
                                                                                                                                                                                          learning spaces to allow children to continue their education.

                                                                               T he CoI has reported that government forces and “shabiha”
                                                                               continue to commit crimes against humanity, war crimes and
                                                                               gross violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) as
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       all                 a matter of state policy. T he CoI also reported that armed                                                                                                                                                                               NGO                   R2P              http://www.globalr2p.org/regions/syria
                                                                               opposition groups have committed war crimes, albeit on a
                                                                               smaller scale than that of the government and its affiliated
                                                                               forces.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.washingtonpost.com/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                world/middle_east/growing-
                                                                               Syrians with disabilities, especially those living in rural areas, have long lacked access to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                number-of-paralyzed-syrians-
                                                                               government--sponsored services, education or jobs, according to reports by advocacy groups.                                                                                                                                                                                      overwhelms-a-recovery-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       Disabled                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NGO                   CSM
                                                                               Data are scarce, but the World Bank estimated in 2002 that Syria had 500,000 to 1.4 million                                                                                                                                                                                      center/2013/01/15/3d2bc692-
                                                                               disabled citizens and that less than 5 percent of them had access to needed services.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5b63-11e2-88d0-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                c4cf65c3ad15_story.html?wprss=r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ss_world
                                                                               oms has been the scene of some of the heaviest fighting in the Syrian Arab Republic’s 22-month
                                                                               conflict, with hundreds of thousands of residents displaced.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               While some parts of the city have been untouched by conflict and seemingly carry on as normal,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/field-diary-impressions-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Protection       All                 other areas exhibit the unmistakable signs of intense battles – buildings scarred with bullet holes                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                battered-war-zone-homs-syrian-arab-
                                                                               and shell holes, blown-out windows, rubble. From what I have seen in the suburb of Baba Amr, I
                                                                               would estimate that as many as two thirds of the buildings have been damaged, while others have                                                                                                                                                                                  republic
                                                                               collapsed completely. Baba Amr is now relatively calm, with some families making their way
                                                                               back, trying to rebuild their lives.
                                                                               Russia said it had suspended operations at its consulate in Aleppo after two explosions rocked a
                                                                               university in Syria's second-biggest city.

                                                                               "T he activity of the consulate of the Russian Federation in Aleppo ... has been temporarily
                                                                               suspended," the Foreign Ministry said in a brief statement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/01/1
2   15/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   Reuters          5/us-syria-crisis-russia-aleppo-
                                                                               It said anyone with consular issues to resolve was welcome to contact the consular section of                                                                                                                                                                                    idUSBRE90E0VX20130115
                                                                               the Russian embassy in the capital, Damascus.

                                                                               At least 52 people were killed and dozens wounded in two explosions that rocked the University of
                                                                               Aleppo on T uesday, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.
                                                                               Aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) meanwhile condemned a
                                                                               Sunday air strike on the northern town of Aazaz in Aleppo province, near the border with T urkey,                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   15/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Health           All                 that wounded 99 people. T he attack... was particularly devastating as it came just two weeks after                                                                                                                                       International Media   AFP              republic/push-syria-war-crimes-probe-
                                                                               air strikes hit the city's health facilities, making it almost impossible for medical staff to cope with                                                                                                                                                                         26-children-die
                                                                               an emergency on this scale,"
                                                                               Refugees in Lebanon are scattered across the country
                                                                               with the largest concentrations of refugees living in north
                                                                               Lebanon (42%) and the Bekaa valley (32%). Since
                                                                               registration has begun in south Lebanon, refugee
                                                                               concentrations there, and including Beirut, have
                                                                               increased to approximately 26% of total refugee
                                                                               population. Currently, 60% of the registered population rent
                                                                               accommodation, for relatively high rent. T his                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                               accommodation is often in poor or sub-standard
1   15/01/2013 lebanon    Lebanon         Shelter          Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      UN                    UNHCR            s/resources/UNHCR%20Lebanon%20
                                                                               condition. Approximately 27% percent of refugees live
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Shelter%20Sectoral%20Note.pdf
                                                                               with host families. A growing number of refugees,
                                                                               currently 8.5% percent, are accommodated in unfinished
                                                                               private houses which have been upgraded by sealing off interventions or basic rehabilitation. In
                                                                               exchange, the
                                                                               owners have provided free rent accommodation to refugees. A further 5% of Syrian refugees stay
                                                                               in tented
                                                                               settlements and 2% are accommodated in collective shelters. T he availability of shelter in
                                                                               general, and particularly adequate shelter, is a persistent concern.
                                                                               Priorities of the Syrian refugees have not changed greatly in the last two months. T he only change
                                                                               has been noted in terms of numbers and urgency of winterization needs. Added to this, IFRC has
                                                                               observed an increase in cases of PT SD among the Syrian population residing in T urkey. Syrian
                                                                                 ‐
                                                                               refugees prioritized their main needs as follows:
                                                                               --‐ Immediate winterization, mainly blankets, stoves, fuel for heating, winter clothes, and plastic
1   15/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey          All              Urban refugees      sheeting
                                                                                 ‐
                                                                               --‐ Income for meeting their daily needs of food and NFI, including hygiene materials,
                                                                               --‐ Mental health support
                                                                               --‐ Medical and health care
                                                                               -- Advice on their legal status
                                                                               -- Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/SyriaRegionalRefugeeRe
1   15/01/2013 regional   Regional        Displacement     Refugees            60% of refugees in urban situation, 40% in camps                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    UNHCR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sponse_ExternalUpdate_17January201
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3%20map.pdf
                                                                               Syrian refugees in T urkey report that their basic needs are generally well met in the government
                                                                               controlled camps. T his being the case, ST L had previously observed that protection issues do                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/situation
                                                                               not seem to be a consideration of camp managers and the authorities alike (ST L, 30 November
1   15/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey          Protection       Camp Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 NGO                   STL              -report-syrian-refugees-turkey-15-
                                                                               2012). However, recent reports suggest that the T urkish authorities have put stronger attention on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                january-2013
                                                                               protection issues such as psycho-social support for the traumatized Syrian population in the
                                                                               camps (IFRC, 29 December 2012).
                                                                               Contrary to the assistance being provided in the camps, Syrian unregistered refugees in urban                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/situation
1   15/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey          Displacement     non-camp refugees   areas, towns and villages are not being supported by the T urkish government. Local sources and                                                                                                                                           NGO                   STL              -report-syrian-refugees-turkey-15-
                                                                               NGOs estimate the figure of urban Syrian refugees to be more than 100,000.                                                                                                                                                                                                       january-2013
                                                                               Priorities of the Syrian refugees have not changed greatly in the last two months. T he only change
                                                                               has been noted in terms of numbers and urgency of winterization needs. Added to this, IFRC has
                                                                               observed an increase in cases of PT SD among the Syrian population residing in T urkey. Syrian
                                                                               refugees prioritized their main needs as follows:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/situation
                                                                               Immediate winterization, mainly blankets, stoves, fuel for heating, winter clothes, and plastic
1   15/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey          Multi-sectoral   non-camp refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NGO                   STL              -report-syrian-refugees-turkey-15-
                                                                               sheeting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                january-2013
                                                                               Income for meeting their daily needs of food and NFI, including hygiene materials,
                                                                               Mental health support
                                                                               Medical and health care
                                                                               Advice on their legal status
                                                                               Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/syria-
                                                                               T urkish Economy Minister Zafer Caglayan in the same interview. Some further 75,000 displaced
1   14/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey          Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP              refugees-need-more-aid-world-food-
                                                                               Syrians are either living with relatives or managing to support themselves, the minister said.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                programme
                                                                               Syrian women and girls allege use of sexual violence in civil war
                                                                               Women interviewed for International Rescue Committee report tell of attacks involving kidnap,
                                                                               rape, torture and murder. Rape is a "significant and disturbing" feature of the Syrian civil war, with                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       All                 women and girls citing sexual violence as their main reason for fleeing the country, according to a                                                                                                                                       International Media   guardian         development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women-
                                                                               report published on Monday. Many of these women have experienced rape and torture in Syria, but                                                                                                                                                                                  girls-sexual-violence
                                                                               as refugees [they] can't find the support they need to heal their physical and emotional scars – let
                                                                               alone provide food and shelter for their families."
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-
                                                                               In a report in June, Human Rights Watch said Syrian government forces have used sexual
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   guardian         development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women-
                                                                               violence to torture men, women and boys detained in the conflict.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                girls-sexual-violence
                                                                               Syrian forces are using notoriously indiscriminate rockets that contain explosive submunitions.
                                                                               Evidence indicates that Syrian forces used BM-21 Grad multi-barrel rocket launchers to deliver                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Armed violence   All                 cluster munitions in attacks near the city of Idlib in December 2012 and in Latamneh, a town                                                                                                                                              NGO                   HRW              republic/army-using-new-type-cluster-
                                                                               northwest of Hama, on January 3, 2013. T hese are the first known instances of Syrian use of                                                                                                                                                                                     munition
                                                                               ground-based cluster munitions.
                                                                               Syrian forces are using notoriously indiscriminate rockets that contain explosive submunitions.
                                                                               Evidence indicates that Syrian forces used BM-21 Grad multi-barrel rocket launchers to deliver                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Hama            Armed violence   All                 cluster munitions in attacks near the city of Idlib in December 2012 and in Latamneh, a town                                                                                                                                              NGO                   HRW              republic/army-using-new-type-cluster-
                                                                               northwest of Hama, on January 3, 2013. T hese are the first known instances of Syrian use of                                                                                                                                                                                     munition
                                                                               ground-based cluster munitions.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-
                                                                               Urban refugees are straining the education, health and water facilities of host countries. Rents
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   guardian         development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women-
                                                                               have gone up for both refugees and locals, and tension is on the rise.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                girls-sexual-violence
                                                                               T he IRC report also described the deliberate targeting of medical and healthcare facilities by the                                                                                                                                                                              http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       All                 Syrian government. Doctors told the IRC of a systematic campaign to restrict access to                                                                                                                                                    International Media   guardian         development/2013/jan/14/syrian-women-
                                                                               healthcare through strategic bombing, forcing the closure of hospitals.                                                                                                                                                                                                          girls-sexual-violence
                                                                               Syrian armed forces fired a short-range ballistic missile on Sunday, bringing to more than 20 the
                                                                               number launched in the past month. U.S. officials called Syria's firing of short-range missiles an                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syria-
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       All                 escalation of the 21-month-old civil war when their use was first detected in December. T he                                                                                                                                              International Media   Alertnet         fired-short-range-missile-at-weekend-
                                                                               missiles, apparently fired against opposition targets, landed in Syrian territory, mostly in northern                                                                                                                                                                            nato
                                                                               Syria, she said. However, some of the missiles landed "quite close" to the T urkish border

                                                                               T here is also an ever growing concern for the estimated 80,000 Iraqi and 500,000 Palestinian
                                                                               refugees living in
                                                                               Syria and whose vulnerability is increasing. T he conflict now implicates groups of the population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
2   14/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       Minorities          previously neutral                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               as Kurds and Palestinians. Palestinians, in particular, are getting drawn into the conflict and                                                                                                                                                                                  nt/files/resources/syria_en_9.pdf
                                                                               numerous fatalities
                                                                               have been reported. Many Palestinians have already fled the country.

                                                                               Rebel commander tells Al Jazeera that weapons captured at T aftanaz airbase could change                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.aljazeera.com/video/middlee
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   Al Jazeera
                                                                               course of conflict.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ast/2013/01/2013114134950449975.html

                                                                               Imperative that additional assistance addresses the needs of                                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Access           All                 displaced populations throughout Syria and not just in the                                                                                                                                                                                Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/syria_en_9.pdf
                                                                               "hotspots".
                                                                               SARC have granted formal approval to 8 INGOs to work in Syria
                                                                               (namely Action Contre La Faim, Première Urgence, Danish Refugee Council, International
                                                                               Medical Corps, Help,
                                                                               Institut Européen de Coopération et de Développement (IECD), Secours Islamique France, T erre
                                                                               des HommesItaly); humanitarian access throughout Syria is not impossible and substantial                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
2   14/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Access           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               deliveries of humanitarian aid continue. Attacks on humanitarian workers have also continued                                                                                                                                                                                     s/resources/syria_en_9.pdf
                                                                               unabated (so far, 7
                                                                               SARC volunteers and 8 UN staff members have been killed, and ambulances and UN vehicles are
                                                                               still being
                                                                               sporadically attacked).
                                                                               T he city of Azaz, in the Aleppo region, has been bombed several times in the past few months. In
                                                                               December, warplanes bombed a public hospital and a private health centre, thus diminishing                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Health           All                 their capacity to provide medical services to the population, and making many people fearful of                                                                                                                                           NGO                   MSF              republic/airstrike-market-kills-20-
                                                                               going to hospital for medical care. Many people are unwilling to go to hospital, out of fear that they                                                                                                                                                                           injures-99
                                                                               will be targeted by airstrikes, and prefer to seek medical care in clandestine structures.
                                                                               MSF staff have also witnessed the consequences of violence in the neighbouring province of                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               Idlib. A team that returned recently from a northern city in this region which was repeatedly
1   14/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Health           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           NGO                   MSF              republic/airstrike-market-kills-20-
                                                                               bombed over recent months reported that the only medical facility still functioning there is a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                injures-99
                                                                               secretly run clinic, staffed by local people and a few Syrian health workers.
                                                                                According to the information from national media which is also confirmed by the the local                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
1   14/01/2013 Turkey     Border region   Protection       Refugees            authorities, that a Syrian shell striked an olive grove in T urkey side of the border near Kilis                                                                                                                                          UN                    UNHCR            turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-13-14-
                                                                               Oncupinar container site. No casualities were reported.                                                                                                                                                                                                                          january-2013
                                                                               During the visit to the Nizip camp UNHCR staff was informed by the local authorities that                                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
1   14/01/2013 Turkey     Border region   Shelter          Refugees            appoximately                                                                                                                                                                                                                              UN                    UNHCR            turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-13-14-
                                                                               2,800 Syrians have been accommodated in public facilties/guest houses in Niziph                                                                                                                                                                                                  january-2013
                                                                               In an attempt to get organized the T urkish state has appointed a “coordinator governor” exclusively
                                                                               for Syrian refugees currently residing in the country, daily Hürriyet has reported.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkey-
                                                                               Veysel Dalmaz, appointed to his new post in November 2012, will be responsible for the affairs of                                                                                                                                                               Hurriyet Daily   appoints-governor-for-syrian-refugees-
1   14/01/2013 Turkey                     response         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Local media
                                                                               nearly 200,000 refugees who currently call T urkey their home.                                                                                                                                                                                                  News             at-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                borders.aspx?pageID=238&nid=39014
                                                                               Dalmaz's responsibilities include building new camps, ensuring proper nourishment and health
                                                                               arrangements for refugees and orchestrating the placements of refugees

                                                                               Regime troops shelled Daraya, Beit Sahm, Mleha and Moadamiyat al-Sham. Analysts say the                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
    13/01/2013 Syria      Damascus        Armed violence   all                 regime is attempting to secure an area of control in a radius of about eight kilometres (five miles)                                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP              republic/syrian-artillery-pounds-rebel-
                                                                               around the capital after it pushed rebels into outlying towns and villages.                                                                                                                                                                                                      zones-near-damascus-ngo

                                                                               It said fighting erupted during the night in Yarmuk, a Palestinian camp in southern Damascus,                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
    13/01/2013 Syria      Yarmouk         Armed violence   Palestinians        that has been the scene of violent clashes in past months, and which was bombed by regime                                                                                                                                                 International Media   AFP              republic/syrian-artillery-pounds-rebel-
                                                                               warplanes in December                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            zones-near-damascus-ngo

                                                                               In the northern city Aleppo, scene of some of Syria's worst violence since the eruption of an anti-                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   13/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Armed violence   all                 regime revolt almost 22 months ago, clashes raged near an intelligence headquarters, said the                                                                                                                                             International Media   AFP              republic/syrian-artillery-pounds-rebel-
                                                                               Observatory.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     zones-near-damascus-ngo

                                                                               During the reporting period despite the heavy snow in Adiyaman, Gaziantep provinces, UNHCR                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
1   12/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey          Access           Refugees            Field T eams managed to reach the camps and it was observed that the Government officials have                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNHCR            turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-05-12-
                                                                               done every effort to ensure the roads to the camps remain open.                                                                                                                                                                                                                  january-2013
                                                                               It was reported by the authorities as well as observed by UNHCR T eams that the conditions in the
                                                                               camps especially in Adiyaman that there was no major problems effecting the daily life in the                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
1   12/01/2013 Turkey     Turkey          Shelter          Refugees            camps. Shortage of space in camps continued to be the main challenge for the local authorities.                                                                                                                                           UN                    UNHCR            turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-05-12-
                                                                               Reportedly the Nizip-2 camp which will be container site (5,000 capacity) is expected to be                                                                                                                                                                                      january-2013
                                                                               opened by end of next
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               Regime artillery also opened up on Beit Sahem south of Damascus, as well as Jdaidet Artuz and
1   12/01/2013 Syria      Damascus        Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/damascus-hit-clashes-after-
                                                                               Daraya to the southeast
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                key-rebel-gain-ngo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   12/01/2013 Syria      Homs            Armed violence   All                 It reported that regime air raids on Rastan in the central province of Homs caused casualties,                                                                                                                                            International Media   AFP              republic/damascus-hit-clashes-after-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                key-rebel-gain-ngo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee
                                                                               : T he increased number of arrivals over the past two weeks is putting great stress on current                                                                                                                                                                                   kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20
1   11/01/2013 Jordan     Jordan          WASH             Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      UN                    UNICEF
                                                                               WASH facilities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee
                                                                               Crossing the border in Kurdistan has become increasingly problematic as compared to                                                                                                                                                                                              kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20
1   11/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq            Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      UN                    UNICEF
                                                                               previous weeks.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee
                                                                               Families residing in Domiz camp continue to have access to water and sewage services.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20
1   11/01/2013 Iraq       Domiz camp      WASH             Refugees            However,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C
                                                                               due to quality problems with the water provided from the network to phases 1 and 2, water is being
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee
                                                                               : Due to the severe weather conditions currently affecting Jordan, Child-Friendly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20
1   11/01/2013 Jordan     Jordan          Protection       Refugees            Spaces (CFS) and recreational areas in Za'atari and King Abdullah Park (KAP) have recorded very                                                                                                                                           UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C
                                                                               low attendance rates. As noted above, several CFS have been flooded and rendered unusable.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf
                                                                               Rebels are reported to have taken control of a strategic military airbase in north-western Syria after
                                                                               weeks of fierce fighting with government forces.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-
1   11/01/2013 Syria      Taftanaz        Armed violence   All                 Opposition activists said the Free Syrian Army was in full control of T aftanaz airport. Videos                                                                                                                                           International Media   BBC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                middle-east-20984142
                                                                               purportedly showed fighters inside the facility.

                                                                               Helicopters based there have been used to bombed rebel-held areas.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  An interagency mission is on-going in Homs, with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  UNICEF participation. The objective of the mission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20
1   11/01/2013 Syria      Syria           response         All                                                                                                                                                                                                    is to assess the situation, strengthen contacts with   UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  local authorities and community organisations in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  order to continue scaling up responses for children.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf

                                                                               T he number of the displaced population has tripled in Idlib city. T he majority of the displaced                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Irish red
1   11/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Displacement     IDPs                population are being hosted by relatives or friends and others are sheltering in schools and public                                                                                                                                       Red Cros Movement                      republic/syrian-conflict-video-update-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               cross
                                                                               buildings that lack basic facilities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            idlib

                                                                                                                                                                                          Caritas Lebanon Migrants Centre social workers will await the                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                               T he Philippines embassy is looking for 3000 Filipinos who are thought to be still in Syria. Many          group of 40 migrants on the Lebanon-Syria border on Sunday to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                arab-republic/caritas-lebanon-
1   11/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       migrants            are domestic workers and must have the permission of their employers to leave. Despite the                 help facilitate their repatriation before taking them to the airport.                                                          NGO                   CARITAS
                                                                               danger from staying in Syria, not all employers give their staff permission to return home.                They have helped over 300 Filipino nationals plus some Sri                                                                                                            helping-evacuate-migrant-workers-
                                                                                                                                                                                          Lankans leave Syria so far.                                                                                                                                           syria
                                                                               Western and Israeli security experts suspect Syria may have tonnes of unenriched uranium in
                                                                               storage and that any such stockpile could potentially be of interest to its ally Iran for use in
                                                                               T ehran's own disputed nuclear programme. U.S. intelligence reports at the time said the site in                                                                                                                                                                                 http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syria-
1   11/01/2013 Syria      Syria           scenarios        all                 Syria's desert Deir al-Zor region was a nascent, North Korean-designed reactor designed to                                                                                                                                                International Media   Alertnet         may-hold-uranium-stash-western-and-
                                                                               produce plutonium for atomic arms. Syria says Deir al-Zor was a conventional military facility but                                                                                                                                                                               israeli-experts-say
                                                                               the IAEA concluded in May 2011 that it was "very likely" to have been a reactor that should have
                                                                               been declared to its anti-proliferation inspectors.
                                                                               On reaching Idlib, the team visited a Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) hospital. One of only two
                                                                               hospitals currently functioning - there were nine before the conflict started. Red Crescent                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Irish red
1   11/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Health           All                 Volunteers and staff at the hospital told the team that they had had no water or electric for 12 days                                                                                                                                     Red Cros Movement                      republic/syrian-conflict-video-update-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               cross
                                                                               and that some equipment had been damaged in the fighting. T hey also lack a lot of medicine for                                                                                                                                                                                  idlib
                                                                               chronic disease, especially for children and they requested medical materials.
                                                                               T here are a total of 7,623 IDPs in UNRWA facilities across the country as of 9 January, up from                                                                                                                                                                                 http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   11/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Displacement     IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    UNRWA
                                                                               2,631 on 6 December. 92 per cent of IDPs are Palestine refugees.                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1591

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/Syria%20Crisis%20BiWee
                                                                               T emperature drop in Northern Iraq sees more children attending primary health care
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                kly%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20
1   11/01/2013 Iraq       Iraq            Health           Refugees            centres with cases of acute respiratory infections and flu, while access and security                                                                                                                                                     UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Report%20Syria%2C%20Jordan%2C
                                                                               continues to be challenging
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                %20Lebanon%2C%20Iraq%20and%20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Turkey%2011%20January%202013.pdf

                                                                               ZA’AT ARI CAMP, JORDAN, 10 January 2013 – Severe weather conditions across northern Jordan
                                                                               – including heavy rain, snow and sub-zero temperatures – have greatly worsened the situation of
                                                                               children among some 55,000 Syrian refugees living at Za’atari camp.

                                                                               Widespread flooding has occurred, swamping tents, and overwhelming the camp draining
                                                                               system. Deep mud is making it harder for the water and dislodging trucks to access the camp.

                                                                               Several Child Friendly Spaces tents and areas have been flooded, and a tent used to shelter
                                                                               unaccompanied minors has collapsed.

                                                                               In response, UNICEF and its partners are working around the clock to sustain the provision of
                                                                               services to the camp, and in particular, to ensure that all refugees have access to water, latrines
                                                                               and showers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.unicef.org/media/media_671
1   10/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp   Shelter          children                                                                                                                       distribution of heaters and warm clothing                                                                                      UN                    UNICEF
                                                                               UNHCR, the Ministry of Public Works, and UNICEF partner T HW are working to drain the affected                                                                                                                                                                                   87.html
                                                                               area and mitigate the effects.

                                                                               UNICEF has distributed emergency warm clothing along with sleeping mats to replace
                                                                               mattresses soaked by the rain. Heaters have been distributed to families now living in
                                                                               prefabricated buildings within the camp.

                                                                               “T he next 72 hours will be a critical test of our ability to meet the basic needs of children and their
                                                                               families at Za’atari,” said UNICEF Jordan Representative Dominique Hyde. “Alongside the
                                                                               Government of Jordan and our and other partners, we are doing everything possible to ensure
                                                                               services are maintained and that children stay warm and dry.”

                                                                               Ms. Hyde added that a lack of funding was one major constraint.

                                                                               “T he resources we raised in 2012 have been exhausted, and no fresh funds have come for this
                                                                               In the north of Syria’s Idlib province, civilians are being made victims of a terror strategy carried                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   10/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Armed violence   all                 out through intense and indiscriminate bombing, the international humanitarian organisation                                                                                                                                               NGO                   MSF              republic/destitute-civilians-suffer-
                                                                               Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said today.                                                                                                                                                                                                               intense-bombing-syrias-idlib-province


                                                                                                                                                                                          PU-AMI is present in Syria since May 2008 and operates in the
                                                                                                                                                                                          field of education on rehabilitation projects and construction of
                                                                                                                                                                                          public schools, school support activities and professional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                          training. Since July 2012, PU-AMI is positioned with the Syrian
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                republic/syrie-apr%C3%A8s-presque-
                                                                                                                                                                                          Red Crescent in order to meet the humanitarian needs of                                                                                              Premiere
1   10/01/2013 Syria      Syria           response         All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           NGO                                    deux-ans-d%E2%80%99affrontements-
                                                                                                                                                                                          populations affected by the internal crisis. Nevertheless, to                                                                                        Urgence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                cette-nouvelle-ann%C3%A9e-
                                                                                                                                                                                          date, over 15 200 households have benefited from the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d%C3%A9bute
                                                                                                                                                                                          distribution of emergency blankets and rugs for winter and
                                                                                                                                                                                          some 26,000 hygiene kits. Six centers were also rehabilitated to
                                                                                                                                                                                          accommodate families fleeing the fighting.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                               T here has been a recent rise in sectarian violence in Syria, particularly by those opposed to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                arab-republic/protection-
1   10/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       Minorities          President Bashar al-Assad. Among those targeted have been Alawite, Druze and Shi’a Muslims,                                                                                                                                               NGO                   Amnesty
                                                                               along with Christians.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           minorities-must-take-priority-syria-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                transition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/m
                                                                               Women and girls were in the forefront when the uprising began nearly two years ago with peaceful                                                                                                                                                                                 iddle_east/role-of-syrian-women-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Washington
1   10/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       Women               protests, in part because they were considered less likely than men to arouse the suspicions of                                                                                                                                           International Media                    evolves-as-war-rages-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Post
                                                                               the government’s security apparatus.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             on/2013/01/09/5308512e-559b-11e2-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                bf3e-76c0a789346f_story_1.html
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/world/analysis-
                                                                               According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, in 2012 some 8,200 people died in areas
1   10/01/2013 Syria      Damascus        Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   IRIN             preparing-urban-disasters-challenges-
                                                                               surrounding the country’s capital, Damascus.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and-recommendations

                                                                                                                                                                                          MSF is working in three hospitals in the north and the north
                                                                                                                                                                                          west of Syria, in areas controlled by armed groups of the
                                                                                                                                                                                          opposition. MSF is bringing emergency medical care,                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                a city** in the north of Idlib province T he only medical facility still functioning in the city is a
1   10/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Health           all                                                                                                                            especially surgical care, as well as carrying out consultations.                                                               NGO                   MSF              republic/destitute-civilians-suffer-
                                                                               secret clinic, run by local people and a few Syrian health workers.
                                                                                                                                                                                          From June of last year to the beginning of January 2013, our                                                                                                          intense-bombing-syrias-idlib-province
                                                                                                                                                                                          teams have performed more than 10,000 consultations and
                                                                                                                                                                                          more than 900 surgical interventions.

                                                                               Both the Observatory and local residents reported that other mentally ill people had been found
                                                                               wandering the streets over the past week, and identified them as former patients of the Ibn                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
    10/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Health           All                 Khaldun psychiatric hospital east of the city. T he doctor admitted that neither he nor the                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP              republic/death-aleppo-snipers-target-
                                                                               colleagues he spoke to had been willing to risk their own safety and travel to work for more than a                                                                                                                                                                              mental-patients
                                                                               week, leaving some 100 patients to their own fate.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/occupied-
                                                                               Conditions were little better for Syrian refugees in neighbouring Lebanon, where flooding and
2   09/01/2013 Lebanon    Lebanon         Shelter          All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              palestinian-territory/9-dead-mideast-
                                                                               wintry conditions prompted the UN refugee agency to begin moving those living under canvas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                battered-hail-snow-rain
                                                                               "T hey don't have a revolutionary mindset," he said, putting support for Assad at 70 percent among                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig
1   09/01/2013 Syria      aleppo          baseline         all                 an urban population that includes many ethnic Kurds, Christians and members of Assad's                                                                                                                                                    International Media   Alertnet         ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel-
                                                                               Alawite minority                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 support/
                                                                               Rebel commanders interviewed in and around Aleppo in the past two weeks acknowledged
                                                                               problems within the FSA - an army in name only, made up of brigades competing for recognition                                                                                                                                                                                    http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig
                                                                               and resources. But they laid much of the blame on "bad apples" and opportunists and said steps
1   09/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          stakeholders     All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   Alertnet         ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel-
                                                                               are being taken to put things right. T here has been a lot of corruption in the Free Syrian Army's
                                                                               battalions - stealing, oppressing the people - because there are parasites that have entered the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                support/
                                                                               Free Syrian Army,
                                                                               A sister institution deals with complaints from Aleppo civilians, said Louli, adding that he was in
                                                                               talks to spread that organisational model nationwide.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig
1   09/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          stakeholders     All                 Such hopes for national structures reflect similar moves in the overall command of the opposition                                                                                                                                         International Media   Alertnet         ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel-
                                                                               movement. After a National Coalition was formed abroad in November with Arab and Western                                                                                                                                                                                         support/
                                                                               backing, an Islamist-dominated military command was set up last month to oversee operations
                                                                               against Assad's forces inside Syria.
                                                                               Snow carpeted Syria's war-torn cities but sparked no let-up in the fighting, instead heaping fresh                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/occupied-
1   09/01/2013 Syria      Syria           NFI              All                 misery on a civilian population already enduring a chronic shortage of heating fuel and daily                                                                                                                                             International Media   AFP              palestinian-territory/9-dead-mideast-
                                                                               power cuts.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      battered-hail-snow-rain
                                                                               As government forces fight on in parts of Aleppo, in large areas that have been under rebel control                                                                                                                                                                              http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig
                                                                               for six months or more complaints are getting louder about indiscipline among the fighters,
1   09/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   Alertnet         ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel-
                                                                               looting and a general lack of security and necessities like running water, bread and electricity in
                                                                               districts that have been pounded by tanks and hit by Assad's air force.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                support/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/insig
    09/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          Protection       all                 Some rebels in Aleppo have formed what they call a military police force to try to stop abuses.                                                                                                                                           International Media   Alertnet         ht-aleppo-misery-eats-at-syrian-rebel-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                support/

                                                                               “T here is a growing food problem because all the rain and now snow has made road conditions
                                                                               very dangerous," Reuters quoted Othman saying in an interview over a satellite Internet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                               connection. Another activist told the agency that some Syrians who fled bombardments were                                                                                                                                                                       US Institute     arab-republic/war-weariness-
1   09/01/2013 Syria      Syria           LFS              all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Other
                                                                               holing up in caves in the country’s north to keep dry. T he U.N.’s World Food Programme was                                                                                                                                                                     of peace         extending-winter-storm-ravaged-
                                                                               appealing for more implementing partners because it doesn’t have the capacity to feed everyone
                                                                               who needs it in the Syrian crisis, according to T he New York T imes yesterday.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                syria%E2%80%99s-humanitarian

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               In Aleppo, bread is going for about 250 Syrian pounds for a kilogram, or about $3.50. T hat’s “at                                                                                                                                                               US Institute     republic/war-weariness-extending-
1   09/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          LFS              all                 least 50 percent higher than in other parts of Syria and at least six times more than its cost when                                                                                                                                       Other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of peace         winter-storm-ravaged-
                                                                               the Syrian conflict began nearly two years ago,” t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                syria%E2%80%99s-humanitarian
                                                                               Some Syrian medical professionals have gone into exile and dentists and pharmacists are
                                                                               providing emergency medical care. T heir skills are improving but they are rarely trained in war
                                                                               surgery, which presents specific complications such as bone infections, and in triaging victims                                                                                                                                                                                  http://www.msf.org.uk/Syria_health_facil
1   09/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Health           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           NGO                   MSF
                                                                               during mass influx of wounded. Even so, they are managing quite well given the conditions and                                                                                                                                                                                    ities_war_zone_20130109.news
                                                                               increasing stock-outs of medical supplies such as anaesthetics. Syrian doctors from the
                                                                               diasporas are coming to help out, too.

                                                                               However, there is an aid network organised by Syrians in the country and in the diasporas, with the                                                                                                                                                                              http://www.msf.org.uk/Syria_health_facil
1   09/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           response         all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           NGO                   MSF
                                                                               help of neighbouring countries and Gulf nations. But it’s not enough.                                                                                                                                                                                                            ities_war_zone_20130109.news
                                                                               In Jordan, torrential rains swept through the country for a second straight day, forcing the closure
                                                                               of most road tunnels and gridlocking traffic, as flash floods overwhelmed the capital's drainage
                                                                               system.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/israel/four-
1   08/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp   Shelter          All                 Elsewhere, refugees at the Zaatari camp on the border with Syria "started to push each other as                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              dead-israel-severe-weather-sweeps-
                                                                               they ran towards aid workers. T hey hurled stones at each other and there was a stampede" that                                                                                                                                                                                   middle-east
                                                                               injured several workers, Anmar Hmud, a government spokesman, told AFP. T he incident occurred
                                                                               as aid workers were helping some of the 62,000 Syrians sheltering in the camp, where two days of
                                                                               heavy rains have destroyed hundreds of tents.

                                                                               T wo days of unusually heavy rainfall in Jordan's northern desert have increased tensions in its
                                                                               largest camp for Syrian refugees and forced 300 of them to leave their tents for safer ground. T he                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               rain comes amid one of the largest influxes of refugees into Jordan since the Syrian conflict
1   08/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp   Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      International Media   IRIN             republic/jordan-syria-tempers-flare-
                                                                               began nearly two years ago. In the last eight days, 10,183 Syrians fled to Jordan. Alhmoud said
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                heavy-rain-pounds-camp
                                                                               camp authorities will move all single males to Cyber City camp in nearby Remtha town by the end
                                                                               of the month to remove the "potential threat" to the "rest of the more vulnerable" in the camp.
                                                                               Za'atari camp's population has been rising quickly in recent weeks, with an average daily arrival of
                                                                               1,100 people. It is now home to 54,000 Syrian refugees, according to official UN Refugee Agency                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   08/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp   Displacement     Refugees            (UNHCR) registration figures, and 63,000 according to Mahmoud Omoush, who manages the                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN             republic/jordan-syria-tempers-flare-
                                                                               camp on behalf of the Jordan Hashemite Charity Organization (JHCO). More than 900 people                                                                                                                                                                                         heavy-rain-pounds-camp
                                                                               crossed the border last night, he said.
                                                                               T oday, a group of young men attacked aid offices with stones and chairs in what refugees
                                                                               described as an expression of their frustration, aid workers described as a riot. Rioters entered the                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               distribution compound of the World Food Programme (WFP) during bread distributions, injuring
1   08/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp   Access           Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      International Media   IRIN             republic/jordan-syria-tempers-flare-
                                                                               five staff and two volunteers of WFP's partner, NGO Save the Children. Four WFP staff were also
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                heavy-rain-pounds-camp
                                                                               caught up in the fighting, the UN agency said. Omoush said one of the aid workers was hit in the
                                                                               head and transferred to hospital.
                                                                               Bad weather and heavy rain in the past two days have affected 500 tents in Zaatari," Ali Bibi, in                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/stampe
                                                                               charge of cooperation and international relations at UN refugee agency UNHCR, told AFP. T here
1   08/01/2013 Jordan     Za'atari camp   Shelter          refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP              de-hurts-jordan-aid-workers-helping-
                                                                               are 4,000 caravans and 4,500 tents at the six month old camp, which has seen several protests
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                syrian-refugees
                                                                               by refugees against poor living conditions, including a lack of electricity.
                                                                               T he security situation’s deterioration has led WFP to temporarily relocate its staff from its sub-
                                                                               offices in the cities of Homs, Aleppo, T artous and Qamisl. WFP was unable to further scale up
                                                                               its assistance due to the lack of implementing partners on the ground and challenges reaching                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               some of the country’s hardest hit areas. Its main partner – SARC – was overstretched and had no                                                                                                                                                                 UN News          republic/amid-ongoing-violence-un-
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Access           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           UN
                                                                               more capacity to expand further; WFP is seeking further partners on the ground to assist with its                                                                                                                                                               Service          food-relief-agency-warns-growing-
                                                                               operations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      shortages


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/israel/four-
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Damascus        Access           All                 Snowfall made roads unusable in the Syrian capital                                                                                                                                                                                        International Media   AFP              dead-israel-severe-weather-sweeps-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                middle-east

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               Five civilians were killed in heavy fighting around a Palestinian refugee camp in the Syrian capital
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Damascus        Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/five-civilians-killed-around-
                                                                               on T uesday as rebels withdrew from a northwestern town after a night of clashes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                damascus-palestinian-camp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               In Idlib province in the northwest, the army drove rebels out of Mastuma, just south of the
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/five-civilians-killed-around-
                                                                               provincial capital, with the support of a "special operations battalion,"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                damascus-palestinian-camp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               T roops still have a stranglehold on Idlib city but most of the province, which borders key
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Idlib           Armed violence   all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP              republic/five-civilians-killed-around-
                                                                               opposition backer T urkey, is in the hands of insurgents.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                damascus-palestinian-camp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               T he United Nations food relief agency today warned that humanitarian needs in Syria – especially                                                                                                                                                               UN News          republic/amid-ongoing-violence-un-
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Syria           LFS              All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           UN
                                                                               for food – are growing, with serious bread and fuel shortages across the war-torn country.                                                                                                                                                                      Service          food-relief-agency-warns-growing-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                shortages
                                                                               continued fighting and an inability to use the port of T artus to deliver food mean many people are
                                                                               not receiving aid. Late 2012 saw a sharp rise in the number of attacks on WFP aid trucks, said the                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Access           All                 agency, which has also been hit by fuel shortages.                                                                                                                                                                                        International Media   BBC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                middle-east-20945837

                                                                               In the city of Aleppo, the majority of the population was depending on private bakeries where the                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               price of one kilogram of bread, if available at all, had reached 250 Syrian pounds – the highest in                                                                                                                                                             UN News          republic/amid-ongoing-violence-un-
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Aleppo          LFS              All                 the country – and 40 to 50 per cent higher compared to other governorates, according to WFP.                                                                                                                                              UN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Service          food-relief-agency-warns-growing-
                                                                               Before the conflict, unsubsidized bread was priced at around 45 Syrian pounds, while subsidized
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                shortages
                                                                               bread costed 15 Syrian pounds.
                                                                               Several refugees continue to report that they have to pay armed entities on the Syrian side of the
                                                                               border prior to entering the KR. Some refugees reported to UNHCR that armed entities started
                                                                               forced youth deployment into combat in the outskirts of Damascus. Physical abuses and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://data.unhcr.org
1   08/01/2013 Syria      Syria           Protection       all                 harassments are also being reported. Syrians already in the KR continue to return to Syria to bring                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNHCR
                                                                               family members left behind, it is reported that their UNHCR certificates are being confiscated at
                                                                               the border by the armed entities or are being destroyed by the refugees themselves for fear of
                                                                               being harassed.
                                                                                  T here are a total of 30 confirmed cases of tuberculosis among Syrians in Jordan (24 pulmonary                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.emro.who.int/images/stories/
                                                                                  and 6 extrapulmonary). 3 cases are multi-drug resistant. 27 cases and their contacts are being
2   02/01/2013 Jordan    Jordan           Health           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    WHO            eha/documents/Syria_sitrep_8_212013.
                                                                                  monitored by International Organization for Migration (IOM)/Ministry of Health through the national
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       pdf
                                                                                  tuberculosis programme procedures
2   02/01/2013 Jordan    Jordan           Health           All                    No outbreaks have been reported among Syrian refugees in Jordan.
                                                                                  T he results of the nutrition assessment both inside and outside the camp do not currently point to
2   02/01/2013 Jordan    Jordan           Health           All                    an alarming under-nutrition problem among Syrian under-fives and women of childbearing age, but
                                                                                  the situation needs to be closely monitored due to a real risk.
2   02/01/2013 Jordan    Jordan           Health           All                    No outbreaks have been reported among Syrian refugees in Jordan.

                                                                                  Report findings indicate that 71% of Syrian refugees as opposed to 94% of Iraqi returnees                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/01/2013 Iraq      Iraq             Shelter          refugees               reported to live                                                                                                                                                                                                                UN                    IOM            s/resources/IOM%20Regional%20Res
                                                                                  in durable shelters.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ponse%20Sitrep%2025%20January.pdf

                                                                                  T hese include violence, including                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  harassment; prostitution and forced marriage; security threats such as theft and physical                                                                                    A joint assessment carried out by UNHCR, WFP and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       republic/middle-east-and-north-africa-
1   31/12/2012 Egypt     Egypt            Protection       Refugees               aggression; deteriorating livelihoods; and child protection concerns, with post-traumatic                                                                                    UNICEF has identified several                      UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       humanitarian-bulletin-issue-05-
                                                                                  stress disorder resulting in 42% of children suffering from exaggerated fear and 25% of                                                                                      protection concerns among Syrian refugees.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       november-%E2%80%93
                                                                                  children reporting sleeping problems
                                                                                  Finally, there are also concerns with regard to Syrian refugee access to public hospitals.
                                                                                  Whilst the Egyptian government has sought to treat Syrian nationals as if they were
                                                                                  Egyptian, UNHCR has received information that this policy has not been applied in all                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  public hospitals, with some Syrians being charged expatriate–rate fees. Many Syrian                                                                                                                                                                                  republic/middle-east-and-north-africa-
1   31/12/2012 Egypt     Egypt            Health           Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    OCHA
                                                                                  refugees also lack an awareness of available public health services and have faced long                                                                                                                                                                              humanitarian-bulletin-issue-05-
                                                                                  waiting periods in some NGO health facilities. T hey are receiving low quality public health                                                                                                                                                                         november-%E2%80%93
                                                                                  services and in some instances are unable to afford the cost of medications and
                                                                                  hospitalization.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  the killing of the boys, who activists said were kidnapped the day before at a checkpoint on their
1   31/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       Children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP            republic/tortured-corpses-usher-syria-
                                                                                  way home from school.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       new-year
                                                                                  Nearly 90 percent of those who have died in Syria's 21-month conflict were killed in 2012, the                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Monday. the rebels are discreet about their total
1   31/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP            republic/nearly-90-syria-conflict-dead-
                                                                                  losses of life in order to keep up morale, while the deaths of foreign fighters are not announced in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       killed-2012-ngo
                                                                                  their home countries

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  Sporadic clashes continue in Yarmouk. T here are also reports of two car bombs going off and
1   31/12/2012 Syria     Yarmouk          Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNRWA          republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation-
                                                                                  unconfirmed reports of casualties.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       update-issue-28-31-december-2012

                                                                                  Jaramana, Ellianss, Khan Dannoun, Rukn Eddin, Khan Eshieh and Mezzeh camps are all                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   31/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     IDPs                   reportedly calm and housing IDPs. Health centres are operational in all except Rukn Eddin and in                                                                                                                                UN                    UNRWA          republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation-
                                                                                  Khan Eshieh, there is increasing pressure on staff to distribute aid to non-Palestinian IDPs.                                                                                                                                                                        update-issue-28-31-december-2012

                                                                                  An oil embargo imposed by Syria's key EU customers has devastated its oil exports and sent the
                                                                                  prices of staple goods spiralling.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
2   31/12/2012 Syria     Syria            LFS              All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP            arab-republic/tortured-corpses-
                                                                                  T he Syrian pound has taken a nosedive since the conflict began and was trading at 77.74 against
                                                                                  the dollar at the official rate, compared to 55 pounds in late 2011. On the black market, the rate                                                                                                                                                                   usher-syria-new-year
                                                                                  was 93 pounds to the dollar.
                                                                                  More than one million children are affected by conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic. UNICEF is                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/world/unicef-
1   31/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Multi-sectoral   children               getting urgent supplies to them, as well as to the more than 200,000 refugee children in                                                                                                                                        UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2012-year-review
                                                                                  neighbouring countries.
                                                                                  in Misrata,
                                                                                  UNHCR continued the registration of refugees from Syria.
                                                                                  During the first two weeks of December, UNHCR registered 150                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  individuals (47 cases) in Misrata. In Zliten, the mobile team
1   31/12/2012 Libya     Libya            Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    UNHCR          s/resources/External%20update%20-
                                                                                  started the registration of the Syrians. Within two days, 104
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                  individuals were registered (39 cases). Overall, as of 31
                                                                                  December 2012, UNHCR has registered 3,986 persons fleeing
                                                                                  from Syria.
                                                                                  . T he actual number of Syrian refugees in Egypt,
                                                                                  however, is believed to be higher than those registered, with Egyptian Assistant Minister
                                                                                  for Arab Affairs, Ambassador Nasser Kamel, announcing last November that around
                                                                                  100,000 Syrian refugees are living in Egypt. Although Egypt is not adjacent to
                                                                                  Syria, Syrians have come in large
                                                                                  numbers due to the relatively low                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  cost of living compared to some of
1   31/12/2012 Egypt     Egypt            Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    OCHA           s/resources/humanitarian_bulletin_en-
                                                                                  the neighbouring countries. In
                                                                                  addition, Egyptian authorities have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Final_0.pdf
                                                                                  facilitated their entry, with no visa
                                                                                  needed to stay in the country and
                                                                                  access to public services, such as
                                                                                  education and healthcare, at the
                                                                                  same cost as Egyptian nationals.
                                                                                  Enrolling Syrian refugees in schools has also been a challenge. Although a presidential
                                                                                  instruction was issued to the Ministry of Education to facilitate the enrolment of Syrian                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  nationals in the public education system, many have been unable to do so due to                                                                                                                                                                                      republic/middle-east-and-north-africa-
1   31/12/2012 Egypt     Egypt            Education        Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    OCHA
                                                                                  bureaucratic impediments. Once enrolled, many Syrian children also face difficulties                                                                                                                                                                                 humanitarian-bulletin-issue-05-
                                                                                  related to differences in the school curriculum and teaching methods, accent barriers and                                                                                                                                                                            november-%E2%80%93
                                                                                  a discouraging environment, such as overcrowded classrooms.

                                                                                  Since the beginning of 2012, over 7,000 Armenians fled Syria, of which 1,000 moved on                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  to other countries while the rest are temporarily or permanently staying in their historical                                                                                                                                                                         s/resources/Humanitarian%20Bulletin
                                                                                  homeland. About 100,000 ethnic Armenians live in Syria. A number of refugees do not wish to                                                                                                                                                                          %20South%20Caucasus%20and%20C
1   31/12/2012 Armenia   Armenia          Displacement     refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    UNOCHA
                                                                                  obtain refugee status. T he                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          entral%20Asia%20Issue%2001%20%2
                                                                                  Ministry of Diaspora has established the Center for Coordination of the Issues of Syrian                                                                                                                                                                             01%20January%20%E2%80%93%203
                                                                                  Armenians to address the needs of these people.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1%20December%202012.pdf

                                                                                  “People are speaking about a divided Syria into many small states like Yugoslavia. Absolutely no!                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN News
1   30/12/2012 Syria     Syria            scenarios        All                    T his is not what is going to happen. What is going to happen is 'Somalization' – warlords and the                                                                                                                              UN                                   republic/un-arab-league-envoy-warns-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Service
                                                                                  Syrian people persecuted by people seizing its fate,” Mr. Brahimi added in the media encounter,                                                                                                                                                                      limited-options-dangers-fragmentation
                                                                                  Geneva communiqué,' which, he said, could form the basis of a peace process.

                                                                                  T he document was issued after a meeting in the Swiss city of the Action Group for Syria – made
                                                                                  up of interested parties – in late June. It lays out key steps in a process to end the violence in                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  Syria. Amongst other items, it calls for the establishment of a transitional governing body, with full                                                                                                                                                UN News
1   30/12/2012 Syria     Syria            scenarios        All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                                   republic/un-arab-league-envoy-warns-
                                                                                  executive powers and made up by members of the present Government and the opposition and                                                                                                                                                              Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       limited-options-dangers-fragmentation
                                                                                  other groups, as part of agreed principles and guidelines for a Syrian-led political transition.
                                                                                  Echoing the communiqué, the Joint Special Representative said there should be a ceasefire,
                                                                                  followed by the formation of a fully mandated government, and, subsequently, a number of steps
                                                                                  leading to the holding of elections.
                                                                                   Regime forces Sunday pressed a fierce offensive in Homs after overrunning a key neighbourhood                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   30/12/2012 Syria     Homs             Armed violence   All                    of the central city Deir Baalbeh district T roops also bombarded the nearby opposition stronghold                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP            republic/syria-troops-press-homs-
                                                                                  of Rastan.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           offensive-23-children-die
                                                                                  loyalist troops carried out air raids on towns along the eastern outlying belt and on Daraya in the                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   30/12/2012 Syria     Daraya           Armed violence   All                    southwest, while fighting between rebels and the army erupted in the northeastern and                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP            republic/syria-troops-press-homs-
                                                                                  southwestern suburbs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                offensive-23-children-die
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   30/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo           Armed violence   All                    Aleppo province, including on rebel-held Aazaz near the T urkish border.                                                                                                                                                        International Media   AFP            republic/syria-troops-press-homs-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       offensive-23-children-die
                                                                                   the regime mined the border to curb the exodus of refugees to T urkey, where rebel forces last year
                                                                                  set up rear bases.

                                                                                  "It was (Syrian President) Bashar al-Assad's army that planted these mines in these areas," he
                                                                                  charged. "T hey planted them more than a year ago along the border, some on farmland, others                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  along the border."
2   28/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP            republic/rebel-deminer-mission-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       protect-syria-refugees
                                                                                  Last month, campaigners said the Syrian regime was the only government in the world to lay new
                                                                                  landmines this year.

                                                                                  T he global International Campaign to Ban Landmines network said the Assad regime appeared to
                                                                                  be using old stockpiles of the weapons produced by the Soviet Union in the 1980s.
                                                                                  T he protection of PRS in Jordan represents the
                                                                                  greatest need and the most difficult challenge for                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   27/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan           Displacement     Palestinian refugees   this highly marginalised group of refugees. T hat                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    UNRWA          s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis
                                                                                  they are not subject to expulsion and are given                                                                                                                                                                                                                      %20response.pdf
                                                                                  equal treatment to other refugees is critical.
                                                                                  Syria hosts over 525,000 Palestinian refugees,
                                                                                  almost 80 per cent of whom live in the greater
                                                                                  Damascus area. Prior to March 2011, Palestine refugees
                                                                                  were already among the poorest communities in
                                                                                  Syria, and therefore vulnerable with 27 per cent of
                                                                                  the population were estimated to be living below
                                                                                  the poverty line ( USD 2 dollars per day), and over                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  12 per cent were unable to meet their basic food
1   27/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNRWA          s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis
                                                                                  needs. Female-headed
                                                                                  households, the elderly, disabled, and chronically
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %20response.pdf
                                                                                  ill have been amongst the most severely affected. UNRWA’s September 2012 planning figure
                                                                                  of 225,000 refugees living in Syria in need of
                                                                                  assistance has grown to 360,000. T his is almost
                                                                                  three-quarters of registered refugees in Syria. T he
                                                                                  extent of displacement among Palestine refugees
                                                                                  is difficult to determine precisely.
                                                                                  Inflation and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  loss of income mean that most refugees cannot
1   27/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNRWA          s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis
                                                                                  afford to buy sufficient food. T here are indications that the banking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %20response.pdf
                                                                                  system is under unprecedented pressure.
                                                                                  Electricity
                                                                                  and water cuts are now running into weeks in Ein                                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   27/12/2012 Syria     north            Displacement     Palestinian refugees   el T al and Neirab camps in the north. Damascus is                                                                                                                                                                              UN                    UNRWA          s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis
                                                                                  also seeing interruptions in the supply of electricity                                                                                                                                                                                                               %20response.pdf
                                                                                  and water.
                                                                                  Based on the December 2012 needs assessment
                                                                                  and number of applications for assistance
                                                                                  received, UNRWA estimates that over 360,000
                                                                                  or 69 per cent of Palestine refugees now require                                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  urgent assistance. Vulnerable conflict-affected Palestine refugees are
1   27/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNRWA          s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis
                                                                                  in desperate need of assistance to meet their basic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %20response.pdf
                                                                                  food, medical, and education needs. T he winter
                                                                                  season presents additional challenges, as Palestine
                                                                                  refugees whose homes have been damaged are
                                                                                  exposed to harsh winter conditions.
                                                                                  T he escalation of violence in Syria has forced
                                                                                  approximately 10,000 PRS to flee to Lebanon. T he
                                                                                  majority of the families are normally resident in
                                                                                  Yarmouk Camp in Damascus. T hey have found
                                                                                  temporary accommodation in the Saida area (32
                                                                                  per cent), as well as Beqa’a (19 per cent), Central
                                                                                  Lebanon Area (21 per cent), North Lebanon Area
                                                                                  (14 per cent), and T yre area (14 per cent). Even
                                                                                  under normal circumstances, Palestine refugees
                                                                                  in Lebanon struggle with limited rights and little
                                                                                  access to public services and job opportunities.
                                                                                  T he arrival of additional refugees from Syria                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   27/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     Palestinian refugees   compounds the burden on Palestinian/Lebanese                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNRWA          s/resources/unrwa%20syria%20crisis
                                                                                  communities and UNRWA services, and presents                                                                                                                                                                                                                         %20response.pdf
                                                                                  a situation that is politically sensitive to the
                                                                                  government. Due to these reasons, PRS who have
                                                                                  fled to Lebanon are highly vulnerable. PRS are in need
                                                                                  of a large range of humanitarian aid in the fields
                                                                                  of protection, emergency cash for food and rent,
                                                                                  non-food items, health care, environmental health,
                                                                                  emergency education, psycho-social support, and
                                                                                  environmental health. T he winter season presents
                                                                                  additional grave challenges with refugees in
                                                                                  Lebanon urgently requiring heating fuel, warm
                                                                                  clothes, and blankets.
                                                                                  Since November 2011,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  IOM Syria has received 6,855 requests from embassies, NGOs, UN agencies and individuals
1   27/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     Migrants                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    IOM            republic/iom-regional-response-syria-
                                                                                  for the evacuation and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       crisis-27-december-2012
                                                                                  repatriation of stranded migrants from 43 countries.
                                                                                  T owns and villages across Latakia, Idlib, Hama and Dera’a governorates have been effectively
                                                                                  emptied of their populations,” says the latest report by the Independent International Commission                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   27/12/2012 Syria     Latakia          Displacement     IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   International Media   IRIN
                                                                                  of Inquiry on Syria. “Entire neighbourhoods in southern and eastern Damascus, Deir al-Zour and                                                                                                                                                                       republic/nowhere-run
                                                                                  Aleppo have been razed. T he downtown of Homs city has been devastated.”
                                                                                  Rural Damascus has been the scene of fighting for months. But where people displaced by
                                                                                  conflict in one town used to find shelter in another nearby, in recent weeks, refuge has become
                                                                                  increasingly scarce as each of these communities becomes consumed by violence, aid workers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   27/12/2012 Syria     Rural Damascus   Displacement     IDPs                   said.                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   IRIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       republic/nowhere-run
                                                                                  “Now all of Rural Damascus is affected,” said Sliman Jawabra, who distributes aid from the
                                                                                  Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) in areas affected by the conflict there.
                                                                                  Estimates of the number of people displaced internally within Syria vary, from two million (UN) to                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   27/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     IDPs                   2.5 million (the Syrian Arab Red Crescent - SARC) to 3.2 million (Syrian prime minister), with                                                                                                                                  International Media   IRIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       republic/nowhere-run
                                                                                  some governorate-level officials suggesting the figures may be even higher

                                                                                  According to the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor (MOSAL), there are currently 520 shelters                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.iom.int/files/live/sites/iom/file
1   27/12/2012 Syria                      Shelter          IDPs                   inside Syria hosting 112,702 individuals (28,824 families). T he majority of IDPs in collective                                                                                                                                 UN                    IOM            s/Country/docs/IOM_Regional_Respon
                                                                                  shelters are in Aleppo, Ar Raqqa, Hasakeh, Damascus, Rural Damascus, Daraa and Quneitra.                                                                                                                                                                             se_Sitrep_27_December.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/armenia/kuwait
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Kuwait News
1   26/12/2012 Armenia   Armenia          Displacement     Refugees               Over 8000 Syrian refugees are now living in Armenia and their number is increasing by the day.                                                                                                                                  Local media                          -donates-usd-100000-armenia-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Agency
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       humanitarian-aid-syria-refugees

                                                                                  An international team of researchers that interviewed Syrian kids in a refugee camp in T urkey                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.npr.org/2012/12/26/16756823
1   26/12/2012 Turkey    Turkey           Health           Children               found that 3 out of 4 have lost a loved one. Almost half have post-traumatic stress disorder and                                                                                                                                Local media           NPR            1/syrias-war-leaves-its-scars-on-the-
                                                                                  elevated levels of depression.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       children
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  Large-scale electricity cuts are ongoing in Homs, with sporadic shelling throughout the night and
1   26/12/2012 Syria     Homs             Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNRWA          republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation-
                                                                                  sounds of fighter jets and air strikes during the day, all targeting Bab Amr neighbourhood
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       update-26-december-2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  In Hama, sporadic clashes continue in the city, although UNRWA facilities were operational as of
1   26/12/2012 Syria     Hama             Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNRWA          republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation-
                                                                                  Monday with staff delivering 458 mattresses to IDPs who arrived from Aleppo.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       update-26-december-2012

                                                                                  Large-scale electricity and water cuts reported in most parts of Aleppo city, in addition to reports
                                                                                  of difficulty finding bread. Clashes and explosions can be heard at night and an uneasy calm                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   26/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo           Armed violence   All                    during the day with sporadic shelling sounds. Neirab and Ein al T al camps were reportedly calm                                                                                                                                 UN                    UNRWA          republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation-
                                                                                  on Monday, with residents using alternative roads to move between the camps and city due to                                                                                                                                                                          update-26-december-2012
                                                                                  armed activities on regular roads.

                                                                                  hundreds of Syrians work illegally in Istanbul, in restaurants, clothing stores and factories, and
                                                                                  making shoes.

                                                                                  He said the T urkish police usually turn a blind eye, as long as the Syrians do not get involved in
                                                                                  any criminal activity. He did not know of any cases of people being caught and sent to the camps,                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/syrian-
1   26/12/2012 Turkey    Turkey           LFS              Refugees               but said their illegal status makes them vulnerable. T emporary Protection Regime based on an                                                                                                                                   International Media   IRIN           refugees-choosing-work-risk-
                                                                                  European Union directive for mass influxes of displaced people. In principle, that framework                                                                                                                                                                         exploitation
                                                                                  guarantees temporary residence rights and access to basic services. But it does not give them
                                                                                  access to the UN Refugee Agency's asylum system - nor the right to work. As such, like all
                                                                                  foreigners wanting to work in T urkey, Syrians must apply for a work permit. T his usually costs
                                                                                  between $700 and $1000, said Fatih Erol of Calismaizin, a T urkish immigration consultancy.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  Jaramana, southeast of Damascus, is home to a majority Christian and Druze population and to
1   25/12/2012 Syria     Jaramana         Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP            republic/syria-rebels-kill-intelligence-
                                                                                  pro-regime militia. It has suffered numerous rebel bomb attacks in recent months.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       officer-clashes-rage-ngo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  Elsewhere in Syria, rebels seized the town of Harem in the northwestern province of Idlib, large
1   25/12/2012 Syria     Harem, Idlib     Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP            republic/syria-rebels-kill-intelligence-
                                                                                  swathes of which have slipped out of army hands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       officer-clashes-rage-ngo

                                                                                  T he IRC/Save the Children report says unemployment is pushing Syrian families to send their                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/meagr
1   24/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon          protection       Refugees               children to work - and also take on debt, frequently with their passports or identity papers as a                                                                                                                               International Media   IRIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       e-job-prospects-syrian-refugees
                                                                                  guarantee.
                                                                                  For the roughly 120,000 registered Syrian refugees in Lebanon winter means not just freezing
                                                                                  temperatures but also fewer jobs, especially in rural areas. In October, only about 20 percent of                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/meagr
1   24/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon          LFS              refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   IRIN
                                                                                  refugee families were able to find employment, according to research by the International Rescue                                                                                                                                                                     e-job-prospects-syrian-refugees
                                                                                  Committee (IRC) and Save the Children published by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).
                                                                                  Action Group for Syria – made up of interested parties – in late June and which lays out key steps
                                                                                  in a process to end the violence in Syria. T he Action Group is made up of the Secretaries-General
                                                                                  of the UN and the Arab League; the Foreign Ministers of the five permanent members of the                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN News
1   24/12/2012 Syria     Syria            stakeholders     All                    Security Council – China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States – as well as                                                                                                                                 UN                                   republic/un-arab-league-envoy-holds-
                                                                                  the T urkish Foreign Minister; the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       talks-crisis-president-bashar-al-assad
                                                                                  and Security Policy; and the Foreign Ministers of Iraq, Kuwait and Qatar, in their respective roles
                                                                                  related to the Arab League.
                                                                                  According to official EU statistics, member states received more than 21,000 asylum claims from
                                                                                  Syrian nationals between March 2011 and September 2012, and Syrians formed the largest
                                                                                  national group of asylum seekers in the EU in the third quarter of 2012. T his figure may include
                                                                                  Syrians who were in the EU before the conflict broke out, but it does not represent the actual
                                                                                  number of Syrians who have entered the EU since the beginning of the conflict because many
                                                                                  have simply not applied for protection; including Syrian asylum seekers in Greece, who have been                                                                                                                                                                     http://www.hrw.org/news/2012/12/23/eu-
1   23/12/2012 Greece    Greece           Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               NGO                   HRW
                                                                                  prevented from lodging asylum claims. Most asylum claims were registered in Sweden and                                                                                                                                                                               provide-protection-syrian-refugees
                                                                                  Germany, which have adopted a policy of automatically granting at least subsidiary protection to
                                                                                  Syrians. Many Syrians enter the EU through Greece, however, where they face a dysfunctional
                                                                                  asylum system and are unable or unwilling to apply for protection there. Since the beginning of
                                                                                  2011, more than 9,000 Syrians have been arrested for allegedly unlawfully entering and staying in
                                                                                  Greece.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  More than 700 Palestinians have been killed in Syria since the conflict there erupted more than 21
1   23/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   International Media   AFP            republic/700-palestinians-killed-syria-
                                                                                  months ago, a Palestine Liberation Organisation official in charge of refugees said on Sunday.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       conflict-plo
                                                                                  Islamist rebels seized large parts of a village populated by the embattled leader's Alawite
                                                                                  community. Rebels last week launched an all-out assault on army positions across Hama, home                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   23/12/2012 Syria     Maan, Hama       Armed violence   All                    to a patchwork of religious communities, While anti-regime sentiment in the province is strong,                                                                                                                                 International Media   AFP            republic/syrias-assad-meets-envoy-
                                                                                  regime forces had so far suppressed any major signs of insurgency in Hama, which links                                                                                                                                                                               regime-suffers-blow
                                                                                  strategic provinces such as Damascus, Idlib in the northwest, and Homs in central Syria.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                   at least 60 people were killed in a regime air strike on a bakery in the town of Halfaya, in the
1   23/12/2012 Syria     Halfaya,, Hama   Armed violence   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP            republic/syrias-assad-meets-envoy-
                                                                                  central province of Hama.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       regime-suffers-blow

                                                                                  On T hursday, the commission said the conflict threatened whole communities, and warned that                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   22/12/2012 Syria     Syria            stakeholders     All                    newly formed armed Islamist groups were increasingly operating independently of the main rebel                                                                                                                                  International Media   AFP            republic/syria-islamists-warn-
                                                                                  force, the Free Syrian Army.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         christians-new-patriarch-urges-peace

                                                                                   Islamist rebels warned two Christian towns on Saturday they will be attacked if they do not evict                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   22/12/2012 Syria     Hama             Protection       Minorities             regime forces, as the new Greek Orthodox patriarch said Syria's often-fearful Christians will stay                                                                                                                              International Media   AFP            republic/syria-islamists-warn-
                                                                                  put and urged a peaceful end to the conflict to the Hama provincial towns of Mharda and Sqilbiya.                                                                                                                                                                    christians-new-patriarch-urges-peace

                                                                                  T he family of six shares a tiny, humid apartment in Shatila, paying $300 a month. Many have                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/twice-
1   21/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon          Shelter          Palestinian refugees   rented cheap housing in several of Lebanon's 12 camps, which an international organisation                                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       exiled-palestinians-flee-syria-lebanon
                                                                                  described as "the worst in the region" for Palestinian refugees.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                         Domeez refugee                                           In Domeez refugee camp in Iraq, water and sanitation services are poor. T he difficult living
1   21/12/2012 Iraq                       Health           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    NGO                   MSF            republic/humanitarian-response-still-
                         camp                                                     conditions for refugees are compounded by the arrival of winter and sub-zero temperatures.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       insufficient-syrians-and-out-country

                                                                                  T he local population has been providing support but their resources are strained as the crisis                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  persists and the number of refugees increases. T he registration of refugees is extremely slow and
1   21/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon          Health           all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    NGO                   MSF            republic/humanitarian-response-still-
                                                                                  not enough means have been deployed to efficiently track their needs in terms of housing, basic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       insufficient-syrians-and-out-country
                                                                                  living items and access to health care.
                                                                                  T he fighting forced about 100,000 of Yarmuk's 150,000-strong population to flee, with many taking
                                                                                  refuge in Damascus parks and squares, said the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  refugees.
1   21/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   International Media   AFP            republic/syria-firing-scud-style-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       missiles-palestinians-go-home
                                                                                  Hours after they returned on Friday, fighting again flared in the camp for about an hour and a half,
                                                                                  said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
                                                                                  T hrough its clinics SARC is trying to maintain a basic health care service for the most vulnerable
                                                                                  in midst of the ongoing turmoil in Syria, where children and women on both sides of the conflict
                                                                                  areas are among the most affected victims. T he attention to their medical needs has become
                                                                                  severely restricted due to the closure of many health facilities and the lack of supplies since the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
                                                                                  production of drugs and medical goods in the country has come to a virtual standstill in the last                                                                                                                                                                    arab-republic/relief-flight-urgently-
1   21/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Health           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Red Cros Movement     GRC
                                                                                  months. T he start of the winter season has aggravated their suffering. Fuel for heating is hardly                                                                                                                                                                   needed-medicines-sarc-clinics-
                                                                                  available and hygienic conditions in affected areas are precarious as water and sewerage
                                                                                  infrastructure are often damaged and cause contamination. As a consequence respiratory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aleppo-idlib-and
                                                                                  illnesses and diarrheic infections are increasing and affect especially children, who are already
                                                                                  suffering from the material and psychological impact of the conflict.
                                                                                                                                                                                           Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)
                                                                                                                                                                                           currently works in three field hospitals in the north of Syria.                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   21/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Health           All                                                                                                                             Specific assistance is also being provided to medical facilities,                                                      NGO                   MSF            republic/humanitarian-response-still-
                                                                                                                                                                                           such as helping set up an emergency room and a blood bank in                                                                                                insufficient-syrians-and-out-country
                                                                                                                                                                                           Aleppo area.
                                                                                  MSF is seeking to organize the distribution of blankets, wheat flour and medicines to displaced                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  people in the Deir Azzour area. However, thousands of people within the city of Deir Azzour remain
1   21/12/2012 Syria     Deir Ezzor       Health           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    NGO                   MSF            republic/humanitarian-response-still-
                                                                                  unable to access adequate health services, and the constant fighting has made it impossible
                                                                                  either for MSF to get into the town or for the sick and wounded to be evacuated.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       insufficient-syrians-and-out-country

                                                                                  T he Syrian regime has fired Scud-style missiles at rebels, NAT O said Friday. I can confirm that                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   21/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       All                    we have detected the launch of Scud-type missiles; we strongly regret that act," Rasmussen said.                                                                                                                                International Media   AFP            republic/syria-firing-scud-style-
                                                                                  "I consider it an act of a desperate regime approaching collapse."                                                                                                                                                                                                   missiles-palestinians-go-home
                                                                                  T he Syrian National Coalition (SNC) sent a clear signal that targeting civilians violates the laws
                                                                                  of war, Human Rights Watch said today. T he coalition’s statement on December 19, 2012,                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  condemned attacks on civilians, regardless of their nationality. n media interviews on December
1   21/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    NGO                   HRW            republic/strong-coalition-message-
                                                                                  18, Haytham Maleh, the head of the coalition’s legal committee, said that every citizen of a state
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       against-targeting-civilians
                                                                                  that supports the Syrian government is a legitimate target, and noted that Russia is “fighting the
                                                                                  Syrian people.”
                                                                                   T he shortage of capacity continues to be a major challenge in the existing operational camps.                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
1   21/12/2012 Turkey    Turkey           Displacement     refugees               As of end of reporting period, there are 15% more Syrians are registered in 14 camps than its                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNHCR          turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-19-21-
                                                                                  capacity.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            december-2012

                                                                                  Civilians from Russia and other countries believed to be supporting the Assad government have
                                                                                  faced direct threats by Syrian opposition forces. An estimated 30,000 Russians live in Syria,
                                                                                  many married to Syrians, a result of more than 50 years of close ties and cultural and educational                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
1   21/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       Minorities             exchanges between the two countries. In October, armed groups abducted a Ukrainian journalist,                                                                                                                                  NGO                   HRW            arab-republic/strong-coalition-
                                                                                  Anhar Kochneva, accusing her of carrying weapons and supporting the Syrian military. Her                                                                                                                                                                             message-against-targeting-civilians
                                                                                  captors issued a video on December 11 threatening Kochneva’s execution and saying, “Let no
                                                                                  Russian, Ukrainian, or Iranian leave Syria alive.” Kochneva’s fate remains unknown.

                                                                                  Human Rights Watch previously expressed concern about Free Syrian Army kidnappings of                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  Iranian nationals, some of whom the group has confirmed are civilians. On January 26, the Al-
1   21/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       Minorities                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NGO                   HRW            republic/strong-coalition-message-
                                                                                  Farouq battalion claimed responsibility for capturing seven Iranian nationals, five of whom
                                                                                  appeared in video footage confessing to be members of the Iranian armed forces.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       against-targeting-civilians
                                                                                  Yarmouk refugee camp is reportedly calm after days of intense fighting that led to the
                                                                                  displacement of tens of thousands of Palestine refugees. Unconfirmed information by a small
                                                                                  number of refugees that visited the camp today indicated the disappearance of armed opposition                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
2   21/12/2012 Syria     Yarmouk          Displacement     Palesitnian refugees   elements. T his information is noteworthy in light of reports that point to efforts by Palestinian                                                                                                                              UN                    UNRWA          republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation-
                                                                                  factions to forge an agreement to remove armed groups from both sides of the conflict out of the                                                                                                                                                                     update-21-december-2012
                                                                                  camp. Occasional shelling reportedly continues in the areas surrounding Yarmouk and Sbeineh
                                                                                  refugee camps, with Sbeineh camp accessible today.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                   Occasional shelling reportedly continues in the areas surrounding Yarmouk and Sbeineh refugee
2   21/12/2012 Syria     Sbeineh          Armed violence   Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNRWA          republic/unrwa-syria-crisis-situation-
                                                                                  camps, with Sbeineh camp accessible today.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       update-21-december-2012
                                                                                  It was reported by the MFA Regional representative that the number of Syrians across the borders
                                                                                  of Hatay and Kilis is estimated to be 25,000 however, according to information gathered it
                                                                                  appears that a growing community of internally displaced persons is emerging in Syria near to the                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
                                                                                  border, some of whom are receiving services from various international NGOs. While not all such
2   21/12/2012 Syria     Border region    Protection       IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNHCR          turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-19-21-
                                                                                  persons indicate they wish to cross into T urkey, the option to seek international protection must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       december-2012
                                                                                  be present and UNHCR continues to lobby with all neighbouring states that the borders stay open.
                                                                                  While many do cross into T urkey and the numbers have consistently grown both in and outside
                                                                                  the camps
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/winteri
                                                                                  Approximately 35,000 displaced Syrian children aged 0 to 14 are now located in the North and                                                                                                                                                                         zation-programme-targets-syrian-
1   21/12/2012 Lebanon   Bekaa            Displacement     Children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    UNICEF
                                                                                  Bekaa regions of Lebanon, areas facing extreme winter weather conditions.                                                                                                                                                                                            refugees-caught-clutches-brutal-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       weather
                                                                                  Number registered in Za’atri as or 20th December 42,218*
                                                                                  Number of new arrivals registered between 13th and 20th December 5,687                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/jordan/weekly-
1   21/12/2012 Jordan    Za'atari camp    Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    UNHCR          report-public-health-and-nutrition-
                                                                                  T his figure is not adequately adjusted for those who have already left the camps since the                                                                                                                                                                          za%E2%80%99atri-camp-his-week-50
                                                                                  October verification exercise and who have not handed in their ration card to UNHCR.

                                          In need of                              4 million                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  people in need of humanitarian
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            humanitarian     All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    OCHA           s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017
                                                                                  assistance across all 14
                                          assistance                              governorates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                  Many of the 2 million IDPs
                                                                                  are located in schools and
                                                                                  public buildings, which often
                                                                                  lack or have limited heating
                                                                                  and sanitation facilities. Most                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  IDPs are hosted in local
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    OCHA           s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017
                                                                                  communities whose capacity
                                                                                  to support them has been
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                  stretched given the
                                                                                  shortages of water, food and
                                                                                  medicines and dwindling
                                                                                  income




                                                                                                                                                                                           WHO supports local NGOs in Homs, Damascus, Rif
                                                                                                                                                                                           Damascus, Aleppo, Hama to provide outreach health
                                                                                                                                                                                           services for the affected population.
                                                                                  Access to health care facilities, both for patients and
                                                                                                                                                                                           UNFPA provided support to reproductive health services
                                                                                  health care providers, as well as the availability of
                                                                                                                                                                                           including emergency obstetric care and psycho-social
                                                                                  essential medicines remain the main obstacles to
                                                                                  the provision of health care.                                                                            support to approximately 24,000 women in Aleppo, ArRaqqa,
                                                                                  T wo Maternal hospitals in Damascus reported a                                                           Damascus, Homs and Rural Damascus. Moreover,                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Health           All                    doubling of the C-section rates over the last few                                                        2,200 women received reproductive health vouchers which                                                                UN                    OCHA           s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017
                                                                                  months. Pregnant women expressed difficulties in                                                         enabled them to access maternal health services at no cost.                                                                                                 %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                  reaching health facilities in time of the delivery.                                                      On 26 November, the Ministry of Health with UNICEF’s and
                                                                                  Increasing concerns over the nutritional status of                                                       WHO’s support launched a measles and polio vaccination
                                                                                  children living in collective centres, in particular                                                     campaign targeting 1.4 million children under 5 years of age
                                                                                  micro-nutrient deficiencies are reported.
                                                                                                                                                                                           in 13 governorates; as of 10 December, over 517,000
                                                                                                                                                                                           children have been vaccinated against measles and
                                                                                                                                                                                           635,000 against polio.




                                                                                                                                                                                           To date, UNHCR distributed essential non-food items for
                                                                                                                                                                                           about 301,390 people (60,278 families).
                                                                                  Many of the 1.2 million internally displaced people                                                      The Ministry of Local Administration has selected 40                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Shelter          All                    are staying in public buildings or schools and left                                                      collective shelters for immediate rehabilitation out of 520                                                            UN                    OCHA           s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017
                                                                                  their homes with nothing or limited belongings.                                                          potential sites. UNHCR and INGOs will start rehabilitation                                                                                                  %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                           for selected shelters which is expected to benefit 20,000
                                                                                                                                                                                           people this year.




                                                                                                                                                                                           UNICEF and partners provided hygiene kits to 202,500
                                                                                                                                                                                           people. UNFPA provided 33,750 hygiene kits in 11
                                                                                  T he Minister of Water Resources reported a                                                              governorates.
                                                                                  worsening situation in terms of access to water and                                                      With UNICEF support, Premiere Urgence delivers daily
                                                                                  sanitation and the consequent destruction of civilian                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                           water trucking to 13 collective shelters hosting IDPs in
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Wash             All                    WASH infrastructure. Chlorine supplies are                                                                                                                                                                                      UN                    OCHA           s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017
                                                                                                                                                                                           Damascus, covering about 5,000 people. UNICEF, in
                                                                                  precarious. WASH shortages are reported in most of                                                                                                                                                                                                                   %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                           partnership with Secours Islamique, is providing drinking
                                                                                  the collective shelters. A comprehensive WASH
                                                                                  needs assessments will be conducted in December                                                          water, and rehabilitating sanitation facilities to benefit 7,000
                                                                                                                                                                                           displaced people in 25 collective shelters in Damascus and
                                                                                                                                                                                           Rural Damascus.




                                                                                  2,362 out of the country’s 22,000 public schools                                                         With UNICEF support, 106 school clubs are operating in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  have been damaged. 1,956 schools and other public                                                        Dara’a, Rural Damascus, Lattakia and Tartous, providing
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Education        All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    OCHA           s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017
                                                                                  buildings are hosting IDPs across Syria (Ministry of                                                     remedial classes, recreational activities and psycho-social
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                  Education/UNICEF November 2012).                                                                         support for 23,340 students




                                                                                                                                                                                           WFP provides free common services of cargo
                                                                                  Fuel supplies is one of the major challenges facing                                                      transportation, storage and handling for humanitarian
                                                                                  logistics operations due to the limited availability of                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                                                                                                                           partners. A new logistic hub is located in Safita and the
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Logistics        All                    diesel in country which oblige authorities in charge                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    OCHA           s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017
                                                                                                                                                                                           Qamishly warehouse is operational. WFP also established
                                                                                  of fuel supply to prioritize the diesel supplies to                                                                                                                                                                                                                  %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                           an operational fuel depot for humanitarian partners on a
                                                                                  bakeries, hospitals, and schools.
                                                                                                                                                                                           cost-recovery basis


                                                                                   Due to insecurity, a lack of health personnel, and shortages in basic medical equipment and
                                                                                  medicines, basic health services are struggling to function.
                                                                                  76% of hospitals and 15% of health centres have been damaged or destroyed. T he functioning
                                                                                  hospitals are often overwhelmed with patients.
                                                                                  • Hospitals and health facilities are reporting shortages of vaccines and life-saving medicines,
                                                                                  especially antibiotics, anaesthesia, trauma medicines, intravenous fluid and medicines for                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Health           All                    diabetes and hypertension.                                                                                                                                                                                                      UN                    WHO            arab-republic/health-emergency-
                                                                                  • Over half of the ambulances are damaged or out of service which negatively impacts the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       highlights-november-2012
                                                                                  capacity to provide referral services.
                                                                                  • Reports indicate that a large number of health personnel have left the country.
                                                                                  • National vaccination coverage for the first quarter of 2012 dropped from 95% to 80%
                                                                                  • Access to safe water and appropriate sanitation in affected areas has been interrupted, leading
                                                                                  to an increased risk of waterborne diseases.
                                                                                  T he family members are among some 9,500 Syrian refugees living with the local community in                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/tough-
                                                                                  Erbil. Iraq's Kurdistan Region hosts three-quarters of all Syrian refugees in Iraq. T hroughout Iraq,
1   20/12/2012 Iraq      Iraq             Displacement     Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    UNHCR          choices-syrian-refugees-need-life-
                                                                                  the number of those registered or awaiting registration has tripled since September 1 – from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       saving-assistance
                                                                                  18,700 to more than 65,000. And hundreds more continue to arrive every day.
                                                                                  T he lack of electricity across the rebel enclave is a huge obstacle for medical workers. In the
                                                                                  Shaar district of Aleppo, a small surgical facility has been unable to carry out any operations for                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Voive of
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Health           all                    the past two days. A doctor there explained that normally they try to do four operations a day, but                                                                                                                             NGO                                  republic/living-conditions-difficult-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        america
                                                                                  now they don’t have the money to fuel their generator. As with other makeshift emergency shelters                                                                                                                                                                    rebel-held-syria
                                                                                  in the rebel enclave, this one is short of equipment and drugs
                                                                                  In Lebanon, there are 270.000 Palestinian refugees living in 12 camps and gatherings. T hose
                                                                                  registered to UNWRA, the
                                                                                  United Nations Agency responsible for Palestinian refugees in the Middle East, receive
                                                                                  comprehensive support. However,
                                                                                  some Palestinians did not have the possibility to register with UNRWA on time and others found
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   20/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon          Displacement     Palestinian refugees   no place in the densely                                                                                                                                                                                                         Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       s/resources/opt_en.pdf
                                                                                  populated camps. T he camp of Nahr el-Bared that has been destroyed in 2007 has still not been
                                                                                  fully rebuilt and some
                                                                                  50,000 refugees remain displaced. T he situation in Lebanon is compounded by the arrival of
                                                                                  refugees fleeing Syria, including
                                                                                  more than 10,000 Palestinians refugees who were living in Syria.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/world/respondi
                                                                                  At the moment there are growing concerns for the safety of the 120,000 migrant workers in Syria,
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     Migrants                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               NGO                   LSE            ng-new-internal-displacement-
                                                                                  many of whom are female domestic workers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       challenges-displacement-non-citizens

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  T housands of Palestinians returned on T hursday to a refugee camp in Damascus that has
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   International Media   AFP            republic/thousands-palestinians-return-
                                                                                  become a battle ground
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       damascus-refugee-camp

                                                                                  Women and girls have
                                                                                  reportedly been victims of
                                                                                  rape and other forms of
                                                                                  sexual violence during the
                                                                                  conflict, including during
                                                                                  detention. (Independent
                                                                                  International Commission of
                                                                                  Inquiry on Syria, Aug. 2012).
                                                                                  25% (625,000) of the
                                                                                  affected population are                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                  women aged 15-49 years.
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       Women                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  UN                    OCHA           s/resources/Syria%20dashboard%2017
                                                                                  150,000 deliveries are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %20December%202012.pdf
                                                                                  expected within a 6-month
                                                                                  time-frame. Based on
                                                                                  service providers preliminary
                                                                                  evidence, the estimated Csection rate of all deliveries
                                                                                  is 44% (15% higher than
                                                                                  average), due to the
                                                                                  concerns of pregnant
                                                                                  women as well as difficulty
                                                                                  in accessing services
                                                                                  (UNFPA).
                                                                                  UN findings that Syria's conflict has become "overtly sectarian".

                                                                                  "As the conflict drags on, the parties have become ever more violent and unpredictable, which
                                                                                  has led to their conduct increasingly being in breach of international law," the UN Commission of
                                                                                  Inquiry on Syria said in a report published on T hursday. Entire communities are at risk of being
                                                                                  forced out of the country or of being killed inside the country," it said, stressing that "with                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  communities believing -- not without cause -- that they face an existential threat, the need for a
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       Minorities                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             International Media   AFP            republic/thousands-palestinians-return-
                                                                                  negotiated settlement is more urgent than ever."
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       damascus-refugee-camp
                                                                                  Minority groups such as Armenians, other Christians, Druze, Palestinians, Kurds and T urkmen
                                                                                  had also been drawn into the conflict, the report said. However, the sectarian lines fall most
                                                                                  sharply between Syria's Alawite community, from which most of the government's senior political
                                                                                  and military figures hail, and the country's majority Sunni community, who are broadly... in support
                                                                                  of the anti-government armed groups."

                                                                                  All 14 Syrian governorates are affected by the conflict. Most are experiencing violence, and all are                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Displacement     IDPs                   recipients of IDPs. At the end of November the highest number of IDPs were in the governorates of                                                                                                                               NGO                   ActaAlliance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       s/resources/SYR121Rev3_Conflict.pdf
                                                                                  Homs (495,000 people), Aleppo (440,500), Idlib and Damascus (about 295,000 each)


                                                                                  In a 193-state vote at the UN General Assembly, 135 countries voted in favour of a resolution                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       All                    slamming "grave" and "systematic" abuses in Syria, which came as a diplomatic blow for                                                                                                                                          International Media   AFP            republic/thousands-palestinians-return-
                                                                                  President Bashar al-Assad.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           damascus-refugee-camp
                                                                                  In the southern governorates of Dara’a, al-Suweida and al-Qunayterah,
                                                                                  Government forces remain in control of main localities. T his is due to the heavy
                                                                                  presence of army units and security services, together with the existence of
                                                                                  relatively disorganised and poorly armed anti-Government groups in these areas. Reports from
                                                                                  northern and central provinces describe a different reality, with antiGovernment armed groups
                                                                                  exercising control over large swathes of territory.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Armed Violence   All                    Armed groups in governorates such as Idlib, Latakia and Aleppo have been able to                                                                                                                                                UN                    UNOHCR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf
                                                                                  coordinate effectively, both with each other and with unified local military
                                                                                  councils. Violence has increased dramatically in and around major cities, in particular
                                                                                  Damascus and Aleppo, where anti-Government fighters have advanced to
                                                                                  neighbourhoods close to the cities’ centres. Anti-Government armed groups were
                                                                                  also reported in governorates such as al-Raqqah and al-Hasakah where they have
                                                                                  clashed with army units, provoking shelling and artillery attacks.
                                                                                  T he patterns of
                                                                                  international human rights and humanitarian law violations that were noted in                                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNOHCR
                                                                                  previous reports have continued unabated, alongside a proliferation of both anti-                                                                                                                                                                                    ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf
                                                                                  and pro-Government armed entities.
                                                                                  Interviews with fighters, including some defectors, indicate that newly formed
                                                                                  armed opposition groups are less likely to attach themselves to the Free Syrian
                                                                                  Army (FSA). Many operate independently from existing groups or are affiliated to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            stakeholders     All                    Islamist groups such as Jabhat al-Nusra. Foreign fighters, many of whom also have                                                                                                                                               UN                    UNOHCR
                                                                                  links to other extremist groups, are present in Idlib, Latakia and Aleppo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf
                                                                                  governorates. Multiple interviewees noted that while these groups are independent
                                                                                  of the FSA, they coordinate attacks with them.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/map/syrian-arab-
                                                                                  Over 2,000 Palestine refugees arrived in Lebanon in the past several days, many without
1   20/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon          Displacement     Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   UN                    UNOCHA         republic/syria-yarmouk-camp-situation-
                                                                                  necessary provisions.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       update-20-december-2012

                                                                                  Some minority
                                                                                  communities, notably the Alawites and Christians, have formed armed self-defence
                                                                                  groups to protect their neighbourhoods from anti-Government fighters by
                                                                                  establishing checkpoints around these areas. Some of those local groups, known as                                                                                                                                                                                    http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNOHCR
                                                                                  Popular Committees, are said to have participated alongside Government forces in                                                                                                                                                                                     ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf
                                                                                  military operations in Damascus countryside in T adamon and Said al-Zeinab
                                                                                  neighbourhoods. Interviewees alleged that the Government provided arms and
                                                                                  uniforms to these groups
                                                                                  Increased sectarianism: T he country’s other minority groups, such as the Armenians, Christians,
                                                                                  Druze,
                                                                                  Palestinians, Kurds and T urkmen (see Section IV), have been drawn into the
                                                                                  conflict. However, the sectarian lines fall most sharply between Syria’s Alawite
                                                                                  community, from which most of the Government’s senior political and military                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNOHCR
                                                                                  figures hail, T he Commission has received credible reports of anti-Government armed groups                                                                                                                                                                          ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf
                                                                                  attacking Alawites and other pro-Government minority communities. Feeling threatened and under
                                                                                  attack, ethnic and religious minority groups have
                                                                                  increasingly aligned themselves with parties to the conflict, deepening sectarian
                                                                                  divides.
                                                                                  Investigations continue regarding reports that pro-Government forces are
                                                                                  unlawfully killing armed and unarmed persons suspected of opposing the
                                                                                  Government. Accounts from Latakia indicate that Shabbiha arrest and torture,                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Count
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Syria            Protection       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNOHCR
                                                                                  including torturing to death, suspected opposition members. Consistent accounts of summary                                                                                                                                                                           ries/SY/ColSyriaDecember2012.pdf
                                                                                  executions by anti-Government armed groups
                                                                                  continue to be collected. U
                                                                                  Fighting in and around Yarmouk, a district of Damascus that is home to the largest community of
                                                                                  Palestine refugees in Syria, has been on the rise over the past several months. T his fighting
1   20/12/2012 Syria     Yarmouk          Displacement     Palestinian refugees   sharply escalated on 16 December following an attack by Syrian Air Force jets 1 , which left at
                                                                                  least eight people dead and many more inju
                                                                                        As a result of the constant escalation of violence, Syria's infrastructure has been considerably
                                                                                        degraded. Essential public services such as the supply of water are severely affected. "Millions of
                                                                                        people are at risk of not having enough clean drinking water," said Sameer Putros, who is in
                                                                                        charge of the ICRC's water and habitat activities in Syria. "Security constraints, and shortages of
                                                                                        the products required to treat water, make it difficult for local water boards to provide clean water
                                                                                        for residents and displaced people."
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Syria              WASH                 All                    Since November, the ICRC has been supporting the Ministry of Water Resources and local water                                                                                                                                     Red Cros Movement     ICRC            View article...
                                                                                        boards by providing consumable water-treatment products. "Our project helped ensure that some
                                                                                        10 million people in T artous, Lattakia, Al-Quneitra, Deir Ezzor, Al Hassakeh, Al-Raqqa, Homs,
                                                                                        Damascus and Rural Damascus, Hama, Daraa and Al Sweida have clean water," T he ICRC's
                                                                                        efforts to help ensure that people have clean drinking water have at times been hampered in
                                                                                        certain areas, such as Aleppo and Deir Ezzor, because of the ongoing armed confrontations.
                                                                                        "Water that has not been disinfected can contain various bacteria and viruses that may cause all
                                                                                        kinds of gastrointestinal disorders, such as acute diarrhoea, which can be fatal, especially for
                                                                                        Hundreds of Palestinian families arrive at border
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            International Media   Alertnet        View article...
                                                                                        Clashes rage in Palestinian district of DamascusIntra-Palestinian fighting in Syria

                                                                                        Residents of a Palestinian camp in Damascus were fleeing on Monday amid fresh clashes, as
                                                                                        Syrian warplanes raided the eastern outskirts of the city to try to quash the rebellion in the capital.
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           Armed violence       Palestinian            Clashes renewed Monday in the Yarmuk refugee camp in southern Damascus between pro-regime                                                                                                                                        International Media   AFP             View article...
                                                                                        Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command and rebels fighting President
                                                                                        Bashar al-Assad's forces
                                                                                        said people in the camp were fleeing en masse for other parts of Damascus, while others                                                                                                                                                                                View article...
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           Displacement         Palestinian                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             International Media   AFP
                                                                                        scrambled to find safety elsewhere.
                                                                                        Military reinforcements were seen travelling from Mazzeh military airport west of Damascus to
                                                                                        Daraya farther south.
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Daraya             Armed violence       All                    T he scene of the bloodiest massacre in the 21-month conflict, Daraya has been under siege by                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP             View article...
                                                                                        the army for a month and suffered ongoing shelling by troops trying to enter the rebel stronghold.


                                                                                        In the central province of Homs, heavy fighting erupted in Halfaya as rebels attacked army
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Homs               Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             View article...
                                                                                        checkpoints and troops shelled the town, where 23 people, mostly civilians, died in clashes and
                                                                                        bombardments on Sunday, the Observatory said.
                                                                                        T he Observatory also reported bombardments on the nearby town of Kfar Zeita, where three                                                                                                                                                                              View article...
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Kfar Zeita         Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP
                                                                                        children were killed in air raids on Sunday.
                                                                                        In Syria's second city Aleppo, beset by deadly urban combat for five months, clashes erupted near
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             View article...
                                                                                        a military headquarters in the Zahraa neighbourhood in the northwest and in districts throughout
                                                                                        the city, it said.
                                                                                        Yarmouk, a suburb of Damascus, have experienced particularly intense armed engagements
                                                                                        involving the use of heavy weapons and aircraft. Credible reports point to civilian deaths, injuries
                                                                                        and destruction of property in Yarmouk. T here are also waves of significant displacement as                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        Yarmouk residents, including UNRWA staff and their families, scramble to seek safety as the                                                                                                                                                                            republic/yarmouk-syria-humanitarian-
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Yarmouk            Displacement         refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        armed conflict persists. Palestine refugees are also fleeing beyond Damascus. Although the                                                                                                                                                                             needs-rising-residents-flee-fighting-
                                                                                        scale and direction of this movement cannot be precisely determined, some have made their way                                                                                                                                                                          seek
                                                                                        to Lebanon. Initial reports indicate that well over 2,000 people have attempted or are attempting to
                                                                                        enter Lebanon.
                                                                                        Rural areas are particularly vulnerable due to the increased
                                                                                        challenges involved with lack of communication and limited movement. Having lived in the                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Health               All                    conflict for an                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Red Cros Movement     IFRC            s/resources/MDRSY003rea%20%281
                                                                                        extended period, many people, especially families with children, are in need of psychosocial                                                                                                                                                                           %29.pdf
                                                                                        support.
                                                                                        Hundreds of Palestinians refugees living in Syria flooded into Lebanon on Monday after clashes
                                                                                        raged between Palestinian factions loyal to and opposed to President Bashar al-Assad in a
                                                                                        district of Damascus. A Lebanese security source said the refugees from Damascus' Yarmouk
                                                                                        Camp suburb had tried to flee on Sunday but the road was blocked by fighting. Heavy fighting                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/palest
                                                                                        broke out two weeks ago between Palestinians loyal to Assad and Syrian rebels, together with a
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Yarmouk            Armed violence       Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            International Media   Reuters         inians-flood-into-lebanon-after-
                                                                                        brigade of Palestinian fighters known as Liwaa al-Asifah (Storm Brigade).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               damascus-fighting/
                                                                                        Clashes flared again after Sunday's air strike, between Palestinians from the pro-Assad Popular
                                                                                        Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC) and Syrian rebels supported by
                                                                                        other Palestinian fighters.
                                                                                        Clashes and shelling also continue in Husseiniyeh, with a number of shells reportedly impacting                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   17/12/2012 Syria                        Armed violence       Palestinian refugees   within the camp. T here are also reports of armed opposition elements present in the camp.                                                                                                                                       UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1591
                                                                                        Residents are able to leave the camp, but not with their belongings.
                                                                                        Shelling and clashes were reported in the vicinity of Sbeineh camp, amid rumors that at least one
                                                                                        shell landed within the camp, killing seven people. It is unclear if any of these were refugees.
                                                                                        Armed opposition elements are reportedly still in the camp, and security forces control movement                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Rural Damascus     Armed violence       Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        in and out of the camp. Residents have been able to enter and exit, but are still are not permitted                                                                                                                                                                    1591
                                                                                        to take out any belongings. Commercial traffic into the camp is still not allowed, and all facilities
                                                                                        remain closed.
                                                                                        Clashes and shelling continue in Sit Zeinab, including within Qabr Essit camp. Security forces                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   17/12/2012 Syria     Rural Damascus     Armed violence       Palestinian refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        reportedly continue to prevent movement in and out of the camp, and all facilities remain closed.                                                                                                                                                                      1591
                                                                                        Warplanes staged an air strike on an area near Al-Bassel hospital... in Yarmuk camp," the
                                                                                        Observatory said.

                                                                                        Residents told AFP that a missile hit the Abdel Qader Husseini Mosque in the heart of the camp.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        T he mosque was acting as a makeshift shelter for some 600 people forced to flee their homes in
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           Armed violence       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/syria-warplanes-deadly-raid-
                                                                                        nearby districts engulfed in violence. T here is a state of real war in the camp now," Yarmuk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               palestinian-camp
                                                                                        resident Abu Mohammed told AFP by Internet.

                                                                                        "T here are intense battles between the Free Syrian Army and the Popular Front for the Liberation
                                                                                        of Palestine-General Command," a hardline Palestine militant group that has long been a
                                                                                        Damascus ally.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        In the northern province of Aleppo, eight people including three children, died in air strikes on the
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Armed violence       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/syria-warplanes-deadly-raid-
                                                                                        town of Safira.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               palestinian-camp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Hama               Armed violence       all                    In the central province of Hama, three children were killed in air raids on the town of Kfar Zeita.                                                                                                                              International Media   AFP             republic/syria-warplanes-deadly-raid-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               palestinian-camp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        Just south of Kfar Zeita, six civilians were killed in shelling on Latamneh village and 23 people,
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Kfar Zeita         Armed violence       all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/syria-warplanes-deadly-raid-
                                                                                        including 15 civilians, died in clashes and army bombardments on the town of Halfaya.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               palestinian-camp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        T he Agency has advocated to maintain the neutrality of the 525,000 Palestine refugees in Syria
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA           republic/statement-unrwa-todays-
                                                                                        and not implicate them in the conflict.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               events-yarmouk-camp-syria

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://blogs.aljazeera.com/topic/syria/e
                                                                                        Egypt's Foreign Ministry says that Cairo has more evacuated more than 4,000 of its nationals and
0   16/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         Egyptians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   Al Jazeera      gypt-evacuates-4000-people-syria-
                                                                                        their family members from Syria over the past several months
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               foreign-ministry-cairo-says
                                                                                        Syrian rebels have launched an operation to take control of the central province of Hama to try to
                                                                                        link the northern part of the country under their control to the centre, a senior commander said on
                                                                                        Sunday. "When we liberate the countryside of Hama province ... then we will have the area                                                                                                                                                                              http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/syria-
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Hama               Armed violence       All                    between Aleppo and Hama liberated and open for us," he told Reuters.                                                                                                                                                             International Media   Alertnet        rebels-start-operation-to-seize-hama--
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               senior-commander
                                                                                        Rebels in Hama said that clashes in the town of Helfaya earlier on Sunday marked the beginning
                                                                                        of the operation. T hey attacked army checkpoints outside the town.
                                                                                        Syrian warplanes bombed the town of Azaz close to the T urkish border on Sunday, destroying at
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Azaz               Armed violence       All                    least five homes, causing hundreds of people to flee and stirring panic at a Syrian refugee camp                                                                                                                                 International Media   Alertnet        Alertnet
                                                                                        just inside T urkey, T urkish officials said.
                                                                                        Intensive clashes have reportedly encroached on Yarmouk, Damascus from surrounding
                                                                                        areas, resulting in large numbers of refugees becoming displaced and attempting to flee
                                                                                        the area. Numerous casualties have been reported and the Agency is currently assessing
                                                                                        reported damage to one of its schools by shelling. UNRWA installations in other parts of the
                                                                                        city are prepared to receive displaced people this evening. Yarmouk is home to approximately
                                                                                        160,000 Palestine refugees and is the largest                                                                                                                                  UNRWA's rapid-needs assessment was completed                                            http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
2   16/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        concentration of Palestine refugees in Syria. Palestine refugees continue to struggle with rising                                                                              last week                                                                               1574
                                                                                        food, commodity and fuel prices, and
                                                                                        increasing levels of displacement are compounding needs. Over 1,000 refugees from Ein el
                                                                                        T al camp in Aleppo fled to surrounding villages and Hama due to clashes in the immediate
                                                                                        vicinity of the camp, and refugees living in Yarmouk, Damascus are currently attempting
                                                                                        to flee the area due to intensive and sustained clashes in the area itself.
                                                                                        UNRWA's rapid-needs assessment was completed last week, indicating that of a total
                                                                                        population of 525,000, approximately 360,000 individuals are unable to meet basic food
                                                                                        needs and have requested assistance from UNRWA. Ninety-nine per cent of all refugees
                                                                                        are in need of heating fuel and 90 per cent are in need of food assistance. Vulnerable conflict-
                                                                                        affected Palestine refugees are in desperate need of assistance to meet                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        their basic food, medical, and education needs. T he winter season presents additional                                                                                                                                                                                 1574
                                                                                        challenges, as Palestine refugees whose homes have been damaged are more vulnerable
                                                                                        as they lack adequate shelter during the winter months. Blankets, quilts, heating fuel, and
                                                                                        warm clothes are needed to protect them from exposure to the cold. T here is also a need
                                                                                        to rehabilitate UNRWA facilities that are being used as temporary shelter
                                                                                        As the conflict in Syria continues, MAG is continuing to help the increasing number of refugees
                                                                                        fleeing to landmine-affected areas of northern Iraq.

                                                                                        According to figures from UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, more than 65,000 Syrians have so far                                                                                                                                                           Mines
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/supportin
1   16/12/2012 Iraq      Dohuk              Protection           refugees               crossed the border, 40,000-plus of whom are being housed in Dohuk governorate.                                                                                                                                                   NGO                   Advisory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               g-syrian-refugees
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Group
                                                                                        T his region, alongside the former Green Line separating Kurdish-controlled areas from those
                                                                                        under Iraqi Government jurisdiction, is highly contaminated with landmines and unexploded
                                                                                        ordnance.
                                                                                        1,000 refugees flee Ein el T al camp in Aleppo due to conflict in the immediate                                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Displacement         Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        vicinity.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1574
                                                                                        Currently, there are 2,631 internally displaced persons (IDPs) sheltering in eight UNRWA
                                                                                        school buildings, with the Agency preparing for increased numbers following the                                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        displacements of the past week. Approximately 76 per cent of the displaced population                                                                                                                                                                                  1574
                                                                                        residing in UNRWA school buildings is made up of women and children.
                                                                                        T he Agency remains concerned about reported cases of refoulement of refugees                                                                                                                                                                                          http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan             Protection           Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        attempting to cross into Jordan,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1574
                                                                                        Intensive shelling and clashes continued throughout the week in Hajar al Aswad,                                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           Armed violence       Palestinians           T adhamon, Yalda and Qadam, and on Wednesday clashes were reported again on the edge                                                                                                                                             UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1574
                                                                                        of Yarmouk.
                                            Operational                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                   Palestinians           Refugee camps are becoming increasingly inaccessible to Agency staff                                                                                                                                                             UN                    UNRWA
                                            Constraints                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1574
                                                                                        Intensive clashes and shelling continue in Aleppo, particularly in the areas of Leramon,
                                                                                        Sakhur, Bustan al Qasr, Bustan al Bashar, Asha'ar and the Old City. Large, if not most,                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Armed violence       Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        areas of the city are still without regular electricity or water, and communication is still                                                                                                                                                                           1574
                                                                                        unreliable.
                                                                                        Shelling intensified around Ein el T al camp towards the end of the week, leading to the                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Displacement         Palestinians           displacement of 1,000 Palestine refugees and closure of UNRWA facilities. Most of the                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1574
                                                                                        refugees have fled to Hama camp,
                                                                                        T here are approximately 2,366 Palestine refugees (533 families) who have fled Syria into                                                                                                                                                                              http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
    16/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan             Displacement         Palestinians           Jordan and sought assistance from UNRWA. Most of these families are located in Irbid,                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1574
                                                                                        Cyber City camp, Zarqa and Amman
                                                                                        Currently, there are over 10,000 Palestine refugees from Syria who have entered Lebanon.                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=
1   16/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon            Displacement         Palestinians                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNRWA
                                                                                        Approximately 71 per cent of the refugees are women and children                                                                                                                                                                                                       1574
                                                                                        It was reported by the local authorities MFA/Sub Governor of Ceylanpinar that due to the conflict
                                                                                        between the opposition groups and the Syrian Gov. forces in Ras Al-Ayn (across Ceylanpinar) on
                                                                                        12-13 Dec. 2012, 23 wounded Syrians were brought to T urkey of whom 2 died. No influx took place
                                                                                        towards the border. T he shortage in the capacity of the existing operational camps is the main
                                                                                        challenge . As of end of the reporting period the total number of Syrians registered in 14 camps is
                                                                                        %12 more than the camps' capacity. According to the figures of Ceylanpinar and Akcakale camps,                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/turkey/unhcr-
1   16/12/2012 Turkey    Turkey             Armed violence       Refugees               more than 15,000 people registered in these two camps are staying with their relatives in the                                                                                                                                    UN                    UNHCR           turkey-syrian-daily-sitrep-12-16-
                                                                                        nearby villages with permission from the camp officials. It was also reported by other camps that                                                                                                                                                                      december-2012
                                                                                        they have to accommodate some thousands of people in the communal tents due to shortage of
                                                                                        space in the camps. T here are some more than 2,500 Syrians acommodated in communal tents
                                                                                        in Kahramanmaras. It is reported by the local authorities (MFA/Coordinator Governorate), there are
                                                                                        6 more camps are under construction of which 5 are container sites and 1 tent camp. T wo of the
                                                                                        container sites Nizp-2 in Gaziantep province with 5,000 capacity and Harran Kokenli in Sanliurfa
                                                                                        provincebroke10,000 Lebanon's restive border with Syria on Saturday, pitting unidentifiedJan.
                                                                                        A clash with out on capacity are expected to be completed by end of Dec 2012 or early armed                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/lebanon/cross-
                                                                                        men on the Lebanese side against Syrian regime troops across the frontier, a security official
1   15/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon            Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             border-clash-lebanon-syria-frontier-
                                                                                        said. "T he armed men fired automatic machineguns into Syria, while Syrian troops fired artillery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               official
                                                                                        shells and gunfire into Lebanon," the official said on condition of anonymity.
                                                                                        Syrian opponents announced in Amman on Saturday the establishment of the new Free National                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                            Political                                   Gathering aimed at "protecting state institutions" should the regime of President Bashar al-Assad
1   15/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/syria-dissident-group-set-
                                            developments                                fall. We have set up this gathering in order to protect 1.5 million people employed in Syrian state
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               protect-state-institutions
                                                                                        institutions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in-
                                                                                        PIN estimates that only 1 to 2 million people remain of Aleppo's original 4 million inhabitants.
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Displacement         IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   Alertnet        syria-hunger-spreads-as-war-
                                                                                        Hundreds of thousands may be in need in Aleppo alone,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               intensifies/
                                                                                        With up to 1,000 Syrian refugees arriving in Iraq every week, the UN urgently requires additional                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/following-
                                                                                        funds to scale up its humanitarian assistance to all Syrian refugees in Iraq. According to the                                                                                                                                                         UN News         refugee-camp-visit-un-officials-flag-
1   14/12/2012 Iraq      Iraq               Displacement         Refugees               latest figures from UNHCR, there are presently over 63,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq. In the last four                                                                                                                             UN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Service         need-more-funds-help-displaced-
                                                                                        months, the number of refugees has increased six-fold from the around 10,000 Syrian refugees
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               syrians
                                                                                        who were registered in Iraq at the end of July.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/following-
                                                                                        Acute respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, are of particular concern to children during the                                                                                                                                                      UN News         refugee-camp-visit-un-officials-flag-
1   14/12/2012 Iraq      Iraq               Health               Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                UN
                                                                                        winter months                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Service         need-more-funds-help-displaced-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               syrians
                                                                                        Conditions are especially dire in the northern city of Aleppo, where civilians enduring incessant
                                                                                        clashes and air raids in rebel-held districts say hunger is a new threat to survival. People started                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             LFS                  all                    getting into fist fights over the flour. Some days, rebels have to fire in the air to stop the fighting.                                                                                                                         International Media   Alertnet        syria-hunger-spreads-as-war-
                                                                                        Many more Syrians are without work and often have to decide between buying heating fuel or food.                                                                                                                                                                       intensifies/
                                                                                        Some families chop up trees or even furniture for firewood,
                                                                                        T he U.N. agency relies on the local Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) to distribute its aid, and
                                                                                        activists say they rarely see the group distributing in rebel-held areas. WFP and SARC say                                                                                                                                                                             http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in-
                                            Operational                                 violence has constrained their ability to get to those in need. Some locals accuse SARC, which
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Rebel held areas                        all                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   Alertnet        syria-hunger-spreads-as-war-
                                            Constraints                                 has ties to the government, of limiting aid to rebel-held areas, essentially helping the army
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               intensifies/
                                                                                        enforce collective punishment. But others blame the rebels, who say distrustful fighters
                                                                                        sometimes attack the SARC convoys.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in-
                                                                                        T he World Food Programme (WFP) says as many as a million people may go hungry this winter,
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   Alertnet        syria-hunger-spreads-as-war-
                                                                                        as worsening security conditions make it harder to reach conflict zones.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               intensifies/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in-
                                                                                        Bread queues can wrap around city blocks and last for hours. A week ago, residents in rebel-held
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   Alertnet        syria-hunger-spreads-as-war-
                                                                                        parts of Aleppo formed bread lines at 2 a.m. for bakeries that opened eight hours later.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               intensifies/
                                                                                        Despite the hardships, activists in northern Syria say many poor residents will not make the trek to                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         All                    refugee camps on the border. T hey said conditions in the cold, muddy tents were too bad for the                                                                                                                                 International Media   Alertnet        syria-hunger-spreads-as-war-
                                                                                        harsh northern winter. Others simply couldn't afford the fare to send their families                                                                                                                                                                                   intensifies/
                                                                                        Also today, the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) warned that Syrians are at risk of being killed
                                                                                        and maimed as a result of explosive remnants of war (ERW) left behind in the wake of the conflict                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/following-
                                                                                        in Syria. According to UNMAS – which coordinates and delivers clearance of landmines and other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN News         refugee-camp-visit-un-officials-flag-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Protection           All                    explosive remnants of war left behind after the cessation of armed conflict – the intensity and                                                                                                                                  UN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Service         need-more-funds-help-displaced-
                                                                                        length of the conflict in Syria has involved the use of a broad range of weapons which will result
                                                                                        in a devastating level of deadly explosives littering residential areas in cities and towns                                                                                                                                                                            syrians
                                                                                        throughout the country long after the conflict ceases.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           Armed violence       All                    Syrian troops bombed southern districts of Damascus on Friday                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP             republic/damascus-pounded-amid-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               deadly-clashes-near-aleppo-ngo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Armed violence       All                    while rebels and soldiers battled around two military schools in the north of the country                                                                                                                                        International Media   AFP             republic/damascus-pounded-amid-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               deadly-clashes-near-aleppo-ngo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        In the T assil area of the southern province of Daraa, three civilians were killed and several
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Dara'a             Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/damascus-pounded-amid-
                                                                                        wounded by artillery fire at dawn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               deadly-clashes-near-aleppo-ngo

                                                                                        Fighting also broke out in the northwestern province of Idlib around the military base at Wadi Daif,                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Idlib              Armed violence       All                    under siege by rebels since they seized the nearby town of Maaret al-Numan, which was hit by air                                                                                                                                 International Media   AFP             republic/damascus-pounded-amid-
                                                                                        raids on Friday.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       deadly-clashes-near-aleppo-ngo

                                                                                        T hese formal local councils are strongest in Idlib and Aleppo province where the regime's hold,                                                                                                                                                                       http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-
                                            Political                                   even over the central cities, is weakening. T he local councils, which now exist in all 14 Syrian                                                                                                                                                                      way/2012/12/14/167256899/amid-food-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   NPR
                                            developments                                provinces, are linked to the newly formed Syrian National Coalition, now recognized by the U.S.                                                                                                                                                                        shortages-syrian-opposition-now-runs-
                                                                                        and more than 100 governments as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people.                                                                                                                                                                                   many-towns
                                                                                        About 30 percent of families in rebel areas are in dire need of food aid in Aleppo. Another 10
                                                                                        percent hit rock bottom already. T hey have nothing left to sell for food. Syrians say prices in some                                                                                                                                                                  http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             LFS                  all                    places have soared 300 to 500 percent. In Aleppo, activists said bread made with subsidised                                                                                                                                      International Media   Alertnet        syria-hunger-spreads-as-war-
                                                                                        flour now sells for 75 lira ($1), up from 15 lira a few weeks ago. Unsubsidised bread, at 120 lira                                                                                                                                                                     intensifies/
                                                                                        last week, is now over 200.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/in-
                                                                                        Food costs have shot up 20 percent in the past week alone, he said, piling on misery after
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   Alertnet        syria-hunger-spreads-as-war-
                                                                                        increases of 50 to 80 percent earlier in the year.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               intensifies/
                                                                                        T he food crisis is especially dire in Aleppo province, where the main city, Aleppo, has been                                                                                                                                                                          http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-
                                                                                        without water and electricity for weeks. "T here is hardly any bread," says Syrian journalist Samir
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               way/2012/12/14/167256899/amid-food-
1   14/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             LFS                  All                    Kanjo, who lives in southern T urkey but still has family in Aleppo. People who still have money                                                                                                                                 International Media   NPR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               shortages-syrian-opposition-now-runs-
                                                                                        can buy bread at 20 times the price, but 70 percent of the people in the city can't afford bread at
                                                                                        any price, "We have 6 million people in the province. We need 1,200 tons of bread a day,"                                                                                                                                                                              many-towns

                                                                                        Damascus no longer safe for Syria's displaced. As Syrian rebel fighters edge closer towards
                                                                                        central Damascus, displaced families who first flocked to the capital to escape the civil war                                                                                                                                                                          http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/fear-
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           Displacement         All                    elsewhere fear they will lose their safe haven.                                                                                                                                                                                  International Media   Alertnet        grips-civilians-as-war-laps-closer-to-
                                                                                        Rebels warn battle for Damascus is imminent                                                                                                                                                                                                                            syrian-capital/

                                                                                        T he city's streets have now turned into a labyrinth of checkpoints and road blocks, with several
                                                                                        major roads permanently closed off to traffic by concrete barriers. Vigilant armed men in civilian
                                                                                        clothing stand guard at every turn. It is not unusual for them to open fire at the slightest perception
                                                                                        of a threat, And, desperate to flush out rebels, Assad's forces have been strangling their                                                                                                                                                                             http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/fear-
                                                                                        strongholds, preventing much needed supplies from entering even though civilians still live there.
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   Alertnet        grips-civilians-as-war-laps-closer-to-
                                                                                        "(Security forces) don't let anything in. No fruit and vegetables, no flour for the bread oven, no baby
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               syrian-capital/
                                                                                        milk. When the water delivery came, they made the driver empty his entire tank on the street, Even
                                                                                        the privileged in Damascus are not immune to worsening bread and heating oil shortages - or to
                                                                                        the general malaise. When available, heating oil is almost 20 times more expensive than it was
                                                                                        before the crisis.
                                                                                        She said she could not even find non-subsidised bread, which sells at 150 Syrian pounds ($2) a                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/fear-
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           LFS                  All                    dozen flat loaves. T he price at government-subsidised bakeries is only 15 pounds but there is no                                                                                                                                International Media   Alertnet        grips-civilians-as-war-laps-closer-to-
                                                                                        guarantee you'll get any even after queuing for hours.                                                                                                                                                                                                                 syrian-capital/
                                                                                        Syria currently has enough wheat reserves for one year and a half, according to the Ministry of
                                                                                        Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, which expects this winter's crop to bring stocks to four million
                                                                                        tons.

                                                                                        But some observers question whether the government is painting an overly rosy picture. T here is
                                                                                        little independent data about the success of this year's harvest, but the Food and Agriculture
                                                                                        Organization (FAO) says there are several reasons to assume it was below average: rains were                                                                                                                                                                           http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97036/SY
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN
                                                                                        poor; insecurity prevented farmers from accessing their land; and a fuel and labour shortage led to                                                                                                                                                                    RIA-Bread-shortages-rising
                                                                                        some croplands not being harvested at all. In September, FAO forecast a production of 3.5 million
                                                                                        tons of cereals in 2012, down from 4.7 million in 2011. A worsening fuel shortage is jeopardizing
                                                                                        the new planting season, which ends in December/January. When one aid worker recently visited
                                                                                        Syria's agricultural areas in the northeast, farmers told him: "Forget about oil to heat our homes;
                                                                                        just give us diesel to irrigate our fields." n addition, Syria normally relies on imports for almost half
                                                                                        of its domestic food needs: FAO predicts it will need to import more than five million tons of
                                                                                        Already, the World Health Organization is July 2012 about malnutrition more than a third from
                                                                                        cereals for food and animal feed between concernedand June 2013 - uppotentially becoming a
                                                                                        problem.

                                                                                        “T he prolonged unrest has resulted in growing food insecurity, unhygienic living conditions,                                                                                                                                                                          http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97036/SY
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Nutrition            All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN
                                                                                        overcrowding, inaccessible or limited healthcare services and reduced immunization coverage for                                                                                                                                                                        RIA-Bread-shortages-rising
                                                                                        children under five years of age,” it said in a recent report. “T hese combined factors may have
                                                                                        serious implications on the nutritional status of children under five years of age and pregnant and
                                                                                        lactating women.”

                                                                                        T he government has not acknowledged a wheat shortage in the country.

                                                                                        Local media recently quoted Qadri Jamil, Syria's deputy prime minister for economic affairs, as
                                                                                        saying the country's "bread crisis" was due to the shut-down of many mills - including 23 in the
                                                                                        embattled northern city of Aleppo alone - and challenges transporting flour from one part of the
                                                                                        country to another.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97036/SY
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN
                                                                                        T he country's normal production of 8-9,000 tons of flour per day has been reduced by 40 percent,                                                                                                                                                                      RIA-Bread-shortages-rising
                                                                                        he said. At the end of November, flour was hard to find even in supermarkets in Damascus, one of
                                                                                        the least affected parts of the country. Rebel groups and government officials have reportedly
                                                                                        begun making deals to ensure people get the basics they need to survive. Last month, the civil
                                                                                        revolutionary council in the northern town of Al-Bab and its surroundings announced on its
                                                                                        Facebook page that it had signed an agreement with the governor of Aleppo to trade wheat stored
                                                                                        in rebel-controlled silos for flour, fuel and heating oil from government areas.
                                                                                        But leaving Syria for neighbouring countries has grown increasingly tricky, despite the army of
                                                                                        smugglers willing to take refugees across muddy fields and past T urkish checkpoints. "We tried
                                                                                        to cross into T urkey. We were turned back," said Umm Anis, a widow living in a soggy tent with
                                                                                        her daughter, son-in-law and grandchildren. "We pray to God to bring down this regime so we can
                                                                                        go home."
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/de
                                                                                        In the T urkish border town of Kilis, officials are not accepting more Syrian refugees – the town is
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   Guardian        c/13/syria-refugees-starvation-
                                                                                        full. Some 21,000 Syrians are already living in a sprawling refugee camp, sleeping in
                                                                                        comparatively luxurious shipping containers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               humanitarian-disaster

                                                                                        T hose stuck in Syria have learned to improvise. On the Bab al-Salam camp side of the border,
                                                                                        families have hung washing between olive trees; children hawk biscuits and cigarettes; families
                                                                                        boil water over makeshift fires lit with scavenged wood. T he camp authorities serve two meals a
                                                                                        day: a breakfast of bread and jam; and a late afternoon meal: a plastic container of pasta.

                                                                                        Moscow acknowledged on T hursday that the Syrian regime, its longtime ally, might lose its battle                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Armed violence       All                    with Arab- and Western-backed rebels. In recent weeks, rebel capture of a series of key army                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/russia-says-rebels-may-win-
                                                                                        bases, notably by jihadists, has given them control of large swathes of northern and eastern Syria,                                                                                                                                                                    jihadists-claim-damascus-bomb

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        A car bombing on T hursday in the government-held town of Qatana, southwest of Damascus,
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Qatana             Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/russia-says-rebels-may-win-
                                                                                        struck near an elementary school.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               jihadists-claim-damascus-bomb

                                                                                        Since November 2011, 6,845 stranded migrants from 43 countries have requested IOM evacuation                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         Migrants               assistance to                                                                                                                                                                                                                    UN                    IOM             republic/iom-regional-response-syria-
                                                                                        safely return to their country of origin. T                                                                                                                                                                                                                            crisis-13-december-2012
                                                                                        IOM shared its proposed registration system and eligibility criteria for vulnerable Lebanese
                                                                                        returnees fleeing the Syria crisis to the Government of Lebanon, pursuant to the Memorandum of                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   13/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon            Displacement         Returnees              Understanding (MOU) signed on 26 November with the Lebanese Government Higher Relief                                                                                                                                             UN                    IOM             republic/iom-regional-response-syria-
                                                                                        Commission (HRC) and the World Food Programme (WFP) to establish targeted assistance to the                                                                                                                                                                            crisis-13-december-2012
                                                                                        most vulnerable Lebanese returnee families.
                                                                                        health issues are being fully addressed by emergency and curative services directly provided in                                                                                The joint UN inter-agency health mission (WHO,                                          http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        the camps through health centres and field hospitals as well as through referral systems. All
1   13/12/2012 Turkey    Turkey             Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                              UNFPA, UNICEF, IOM, UNHCR) conducted on 4-5       UN                    IOM             republic/iom-regional-response-syria-
                                                                                        Syrians in the camps and also those accommodated in family or private accommodations have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       December led by WHO and supported by MoH staff,                                         crisis-13-december-2012
                                                                                        full access to all health services free of charge.
                                                                                        WFP reports that most basic food items are generally still available in the market (with notable
                                                                                        exceptions for periods of time in specific areas), but they are not always affordable. As
                                                                                        unemployment increases, more and more Syrians are falling into poverty. Queues at government-
                                                                                        subsidized shops are getting longer and even families not directly affected by the violence are
                                                                                        showing up at the offices of aid agencies, begging for food.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://m.irinnews.org/Report/97036/SY
1   13/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               RIA-Bread-shortages-rising
                                                                                        Compared to the third quarter of 2012, wheat flour and sugar prices increased by 15 and 8 percent
                                                                                        respectively in the last quarter, according to WFP's latest food security monitoring bulletin. In
                                                                                        Aleppo, the price of bread, if available at all, is 50 percent higher than in other governorates,
                                                                                        having reached 250 Syrian pounds for 1kg. Even in Damascus, the price of eggs, fresh fruit and
                                                                                        vegetables has risen dramatically.
                                                                                        If this were not bad enough, there is overwhelming evidence that the military forces of Syria's                                                                                                                                                                        http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/de
2   13/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  All                    President Bashar al-Assad have deliberately targeted bakeries, in what appears to be official                                                                                                                                    International Media   Guardian        c/13/syria-refugees-starvation-
                                                                                        policy to starve rebel areas into submission.                                                                                                                                                                                                                          humanitarian-disaster
                                                                                        T ens of thousands of people, many of them wounded, are trapped in the city of Deir Ezzor, eastern
                                                                                        Syria, due to intense fighting and aerial bombardments. Deir Ezzor currently has just one
                                                                                        makeshift hospital with only four doctors working there. An MSF team unofficially visited Deir Ezzor                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        governorate in late November to evaluate the needs in this isolated region ravaged by the war. It           MSF teams are working in three hospitals located in northern                                                                                               republic/deir-ezzor-tens-thousands-
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Deir Ezzor         Health               All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NGO                   MSF
                                                                                        was too dangerous to enter the city of Deir Ezzor, home to a reported 600,000 people prior to the           and northwestern Syria.                                                                                                                                    people-including-sick-and-wounded-
                                                                                        conflict, but local people reported that tens of thousands of people are trapped in the city, which                                                                                                                                                                    need
                                                                                        is being shelled and bombed daily. T hose who remain are predominantly the poor and the elderly
                                                                                        who were unable or unwilling to leave and are now extremely vulnerable.

                                                                                        Many children have been unable to attend school for the past 18 months, due to on-going                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        violence and insecurity. School attendance is very low in some governorates. In Aleppo                                                                                                                                                                                 s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Education            All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    OCHA
                                                                                        for example, where fighting has been relentless over recent months, an estimated 14 per                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        cent of children are able to go to school, according to the Minister of Education                                                                                                                                                                                      %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        In a recent report, Human Rights Watch highlighted that opposition groups are using                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        children for combat and other military purposes. Children as young as 14 years of age                                                                                                                                                                                  s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
2   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Protection           All                    have served in at least three opposition brigades, transporting arms and acting as                                                                                                                                               UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        lookouts, according to Human Rights Watch. Children as young as 16 years of age have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        carried arms and taken combat roles against the Syrian Armed Forces,
                                                                                        T he lives of Syrians across the country are increasingly affected by electricity cuts and                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        lack of fuel supplies. In the past two weeks, electricity cuts have become more frequent in                                                                                                                                                                            s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Health               All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    OCHA
                                                                                        the capital Damascus. Such electricity blackouts impact the operations of health facilities                                                                                                                                                                            0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        and bakeries and negatively affect people’s access to cooking and heating                                                                                                                                                                                              %20Issue%20No%2014_1.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                            Operational                                 Delivery of humanitarian                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    OCHA
                                            Constraints                                 assistance has also been affected, as fuel shortages have caused delays to aid convoys.                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        Access to safe drinking water and appropriate sanitation in affected areas has been
                                                                                        interrupted, leading to an increased risk of waterborne diseases, according to WHO.                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        Shortages of chlorine gas and sodium chloride in some governorates have led to restrictions on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria              WASH                 All                    the delivery of potable water, especially to rural areas. Due to such                                                                                                                                                            UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        shortages, insufficient quantities of water are being treated. WHO reports that there is
                                                                                        only one supplier for these essential chemicals left in the country and prices of supplies                                                                                                                                                                             %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        are reported to have risen five-fold.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        Internal displacement remains a constant feature of the current conflict. UNDP has                                                                                                                                                                                     s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Displacement         IDPs                   reported a growing number of new IDP families in need of assistance in Dera’a,                                                                                                                                                   UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        Hassakeh, Ar-Raqqa, Rural Damascus and Suweida.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        T he lives of Syrians across the country are increasingly affected by electricity cuts and                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        lack of fuel supplies. In the past two weeks, electricity cuts have become more frequent in                                                                                                                                                                            s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    OCHA
                                                                                        the capital Damascus. Such electricity blackouts impact the operations of health facilities                                                                                                                                                                            0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        and bakeries and negatively affect people’s access to cooking and heating                                                                                                                                                                                              %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        According to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        UNRWA, some 360,000 refugees are now affected by the crisis and require urgent                              UN agencies deliver NFIs to 39,000 people in Homs,                                                                                                         s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Number of affected   Palestinians           assistance as they are no longer able to meet basic needs. More than 10,000 Palestine                                                                                                                                            UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hassakeh and ArRaqqa                                                                                                                                       0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        refugees have crossed into Lebanon, while another 2,000 Palestine refugees have fled to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        Jordan.
                                                                                        WFP is warning that food insecurity is on the rise due to bread shortages and higher food
                                                                                        prices in many parts of the country. Bread shortages are becoming more common with
                                                                                        long queues in front of bakeries, a shortage of fuel affecting output, damage to bakeries,                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        and increased demand from fresh waves of internally displaced people. Most basic food
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  All                    items are still available in the market, but at higher prices. In areas of fighting, shortages                                                                                                                                   UN                    OCHA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        of some food commodities have been observed while prices have almost doubled. In
                                                                                        these areas, access to the market is often curtailed. In Aleppo, the majority of the                                                                                                                                                                                   %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        population is now dependent on sourcing bread from bakeries where prices are up to 40-
                                                                                        50 per cent higher as compared to prices in other governorates.
                                                                                        WFP staff monitoring food                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
                                                                                        distribution in different parts of the country report that food consumption is low among                                                                                                                                                                               s/resources/Syria%20Humanitarian%2
1   12/12/2012 Syria     Syria              LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UN                    OCHA
                                                                                        some displaced families staying in schools and public buildings due to lack of adequate                                                                                                                                                                                0Bulletin%20-
                                                                                        cooking facilities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    %20Issue%20No%2014_0.pdf
                                                                                        And as concerns mount in the West that hardline Islamists are hijacking the uprising,                                                                                                                                                                                  http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                            Political
1   11/12/2012 US        Nationwide                              All                    Washington is set to declare the Al-Nusra Front a "foreign terrorist organisation," according to                                                                                                                                 International Media   AFP             republic/jihadists-seize-key-north-
                                            developments
                                                                                        documents posted in the US Federal Register.                                                                                                                                                                                                                           syria-army-base
                                                                                        Jihadists have seized a strategic army base in northern Syria, a watchdog said. T he capture by
                                                                                        the Al-Nusra Front and allied jihadist groups of the base at Sheikh Suleiman dealt a significant
                                                                                        blow to Assad's regime as it had been the last major military base west of Aleppo city still under                                                                                                                                                                     http://english.al-
                                                                                        army control. But it also undercut the military influence of the mainstream rebel Free Syrian Army                                                                                                                                                                     akhbar.com/content/aleppo-and-
                                                                                        (FSA).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 damascus-without-gas-and-
1   11/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo             Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Local media           Alakhbar        bread?utm_source=feedburner&utm_m
                                                                                        An AFP journalist who covered the clashes around Sheikh Suleiman said many fighters were from                                                                                                                                                                          edium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A
                                                                                        other Arab countries and Central Asia. We control the whole base, all the zone is under our                                                                                                                                                                            +AlAkhbarEnglish+%28Al+Akhbar+En
                                                                                        control. T he whole region west of Aleppo up to the T urkish border has now been liberated. But no                                                                                                                                                                     glish%29
                                                                                        chemical weapons were found, or anti-aircraft missiles. He headed the only unit of the
                                                                                        mainstream rebel FSA which took part in the operation.
                                                                                        T he Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also reported clashes in a northern Damascus district,                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   11/12/2012 Syria     Damascus           Armed violence       All                    the fiercest in the area since a revolt against Assad's regime erupted in March 2011. Violence in                                                                                                                                International Media   AFP             republic/jihadists-seize-key-north-
                                                                                        Damascus has previously been focused on southern districts.                                                                                                                                                                                                            syria-army-base
                                                                                                                                                                                                    WHO is scaling up activities to ensure provision of adequate
                                                                                        WHO and Medecins Sans Frontieres are also supporting the Ministry of Health in tracing Acute                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/scaling-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    health services to Syrians living inside Al Qaim and Domiz
1   11/12/2012 Iraq      Iraq               Health               Refugees               Respiratory ! infections and Skin Infections, in addition to chronic illnesses that have become one                                                                                                                              UN                    WHO             health-services-meet-needs-syrian-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    refugee camps and refugees living in Anbar, Dahuk,
                                                                                        of the main health concerns in the camps.                                                                                                                                                                                                                              refugees-iraq
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Suleimaniyah and Erbil governorates

                                                                                        According to the official camps' population figures, almost all the camps are already full to their                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/map/turkey/daily-
    11/12/2012 Turkey    Turkey             Displacement         Refugees               capacity. Reportedly some thousands of them are staying with their relatives in the neighboring                                                                                                                                  Government            Gov of Turkey   situation-report-situation-pertaining-
                                                                                        villages on permission from the camp officials after being registered with the camps                                                                                                                                                                                   syria-december-11-2012
                                                                                        T he shortage of medicines is just one part of an exploding healthcare crisis in Syria, as hospitals
                                                                                        run out of space and supplies, health workers struggle to get to work, patients lose access to
                                                                                        health facilities, and medicines shoot up in price. Amid shortages as high as 40 percent, some
                                                                                        pharmacies have limited the amount of medicine they give each customer. According to Hoff,
                                                                                        insulin is no longer available in some of the areas affected by the conflict. Prior to the conflict,
                                                                                        she said, 40,000 diabetic children in the country depended on insulin pens that are no longer
                                                                                        available through public health centres. T hey now have to resort to a method that is more painful                                                                                                                                                                     http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S
1   11/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Health               All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN
                                                                                        and harder to use. Fighting has partly or completely destroyed half the country's 88 public                                                                                                                                                                            YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling
                                                                                        hospitals, with 23 of them not functioning at all. Of 1919 health centres, 186 have also been
                                                                                        damaged, with 106 of them not functional. In Damascus, Aleppo and Homs, 70 percent of
                                                                                        healthcare workers live in rural areas and have trouble getting to work because of snipers on the
                                                                                        road, delays at checkpoints, or insecurity.

                                                                                        Doctors are increasingly leaving the country. All of the country's nine psychiatrists and more than
                                                                                        half the doctors which offer medical services, like the International Medical Corps (IMC), are also
                                                                                        Other agencies in Homs have left, the WHO report said.                                                                                                                                                                                                                 http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S
1   11/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Health               All                    affected by the shortages. IMC normally procures 66 drugs for its clinics and mobile teams, but                                                                                                                                  International Media   IRIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling
                                                                                        more than 40 percent of them are no longer available in the country


                                                                                                                                                                                                    Many national NGOs, such as Al Afya Fund, the Syrian Agency
                                                                                                                                                                                                    for Health Promotion Activities and the Syrian Family Planning
                                                                                        Syrians are also reportedly travelling to Lebanon; registering as refugees in order to get medical          Association, are complementing government and private sector                                                                                               http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S
1   11/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Health               All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN
                                                                                        care they cannot access at home; and then returning to Syria.                                               efforts. For example, mobile health teams managed by the                                                                                                   YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Syrian Association for Health Promotion and Development are
                                                                                                                                                                                                    also providing basic health services in five governorates.


                                                                                        Some private hospitals, like Al-Bir hospital in Homs, are offering treatment free of charge to those                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S
1   11/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Health               All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN
                                                                                        who can no longer afford it.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling
                                                                                        Of 520 ambulances, 304 have been damaged or affected

                                                                                        Oxytocin, routinely provided to all mothers during labour to prevent haemorrhage, is no longer
                                                                                        available in maternity wards in affected areas

                                                                                        Across the country, local pharmacies are increasingly unable to provide regular medicines like
                                                                                        painkillers and insulin                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97011/S
1   11/12/2012 Syria     Syria              Health               All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   IRIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               YRIA-Healthcare-system-crumbling
                                                                                        T he national vaccination coverage for the first quarter of 2012 dropped from 95 to 80 percent

                                                                                        T here is only one supplier of chlorine gas and sodium chloride, needed to purify water, left in the
                                                                                        country

                                                                                        More women want to breastfeed their babies because they cannot afford infant formula
                                                                                        Between 125 and 150 people were killed or hurt by gunshots and explosions in the village of
                                                                                        Aqrab," Abdel Rahman told AFP.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   11/12/2012 Syria     Aqrab              Protection           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/125-victims-syria-alawite-
                                                                                        Aqrab is home to a majority of Sunni Muslims, but the neighbourhood where T uesday's violence                                                                                                                                                                          district-violence-ngo
                                                                                        broke out is majority Alawite, Abdel Rahman and activists said.
                                                                                        T he Friends of Syria nations that support regime change meet in Morocco on Wednesday for the
                                                                                        first time since the creation of a new opposition coalition seeking wider international recognition.                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                            Political
1   10/12/2012 Marocco   Nationwide                              All                    Arab and Western states will consider two key issues concerning the 21-month conflict -- the                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/friends-syria-head-morocco-
                                            developments
                                                                                        political transition in the event of President Bashar al-Assad's fall, and mobilising vital                                                                                                                                                                            bolster-opposition
                                                                                        humanitarian aid as winter sets in.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        A nutrition survey on displaced Syrians in Lebanon                                                                                                                                                                                                                     republic/syrian-arab-republic-jordan-
1   10/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon            Nutrition            Refugees               shows that 6.8% of children under 59 months are at                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    WHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               lebanon-and-iraq-situation-report-
                                                                                        potential risk of malnutrition.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               issue-7-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                    In this context and to assist displaced populations, Doctors of
                                                                                        T he main pathologies encountered by our teams are ailments related to the living conditions of             the                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                        these people during their many displacements. T hey have often left                                                                                                                                                                                    Medicins du
1   10/12/2012 Syria     Camp Qah           Health               IDPs                                                                                                                               World opened a primary healthcare centre in the camp of Qah,                                                         NGO                                   republic/doctors-call-urgent-action-
                                                                                        in haste, leaving behind everything they owned, which makes them                                                                                                                                                                                       Monde
                                                                                                                                                                                                    in                                                                                                                                                         avert-winter-catastrophe
                                                                                        even more vulnerable»
                                                                                                                                                                                                    October.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    p. To date, nearly 1,500
                                                                                                                                                                                                    consultations have been carried out in the centre.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Near the camp, to meet the demand of local Syrian
                                                                                        T he intensification of violence and fighting is leading to a constant                                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    communities,                                                                                                                               Medicins du
    10/12/2012 Syria     Camp Qah           Displacement         IDPs                   influx of people into the camp, which currently has more than                                                                                                                                                                    NGO                                   republic/doctors-call-urgent-action-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Doctors of the World teams are currently installing a centre for                                                                           Monde
                                                                                        600 tents and is accommodating almost five thousand Syrians.                                                                                                                                                                                                           avert-winter-catastrophe
                                                                                                                                                                                                    postpartum women living in the regional camps and who have
                                                                                                                                                                                                    recently
                                                                                                                                                                                                    given birth. T
                                                                                        During a UN interagency assessment mission to Al
                                                                                        Raqqa city in the north of the country, health
1   10/12/2012 Syria     Al-Rakka           Health               All
                                                                                        professionals reported shortages in
                                                                               T he Al-Qaim border crossing point remains closed, with only emergency cases or family
                                                                               reunification cases being permitted access. During the reporting period, 17 Syrians entered Iraq
                                                                               through Al-Qaim. T he Al Waleed and Rabi'aa border crossing points remain open: to date only
                                                                               few numbers of Syrians have entered through Al Waleed and Rabi'aa. During the same period,                                                                                                                                                                                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/iraq-
                                                                               1,269 Iraqis crossed back into Syria.2 Statistics collected at the border continue to indicate that
1   05/12/2012 Iraq      Iraq            Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    UNHCR           syria-situation-weekly-update-no-29-29-
                                                                               Baghdad is still the governorate receiving the largest number of Iraqi returnees, followed by Anbar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      november-5-december-2012
                                                                               and Ninewa. Some interviewed Iraqis’ indicated that they are temporarily visiting Syria to get
                                                                               UNHCR Syria monthly cash assistance, food basket and 80% coverage of their medical
                                                                               expenses. Some other Iraqis temporarily go back to Syria to sell their property or to obtain their
                                                                               kids school certificates which is required by the Iraqi Ministry of Education.
                                                                               Border authorities at Al-Qaim and Al Waleed are taking more arrangements to secure the borders.                                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/iraq-
1   05/12/2012 Iraq      Iraq            Displacement         Refugees         Report indicated that Iraqi authorities are preparing t-walls to block the borders in case things get                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    UNHCR           syria-situation-weekly-update-no-29-29-
                                                                               worse at the Syrian side.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              november-5-december-2012
                                                                               Warplanes on Wednesday pounded suburbs of Damascus as regime forces battled rebels
                                                                               inching ever closer to the capital amid fears that all-out battles may break out there.Damascus                                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               province has in recent days been the focus of clashes following a major operation launched last
1   05/12/2012 Syria     Damascus        Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP             republic/syrian-warplanes-pound-
                                                                               week by President Bashar al-Assad's forces to prevent rebels from advancing on the capital.Part
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      damascus-suburbs-watchdog
                                                                               of the battle for Damascus province is about securing the airport road, which runs southeast of
                                                                               the capital to Syria's main link to the outside world.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               T here was also fighting around the Wadi Deif military base, which has been under siege since
1   05/12/2012 Syria     Wadi Deif       Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP             republic/syrian-warplanes-pound-
                                                                               rebels took Maaret al-Numan in October
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      damascus-suburbs-watchdog
                                                                               NICEF condemns yesterday’s shelling of a school near Damascus that killed a number of
                                                                               students and a teacher,” said Maria Calivis, UNICEF’s Middle East and North Africa Regional                                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   05/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Education            All              Director.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UN                    UNICEF          republic/unicef-statement-school-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      shelling-near-damascus
                                                                               “Since the violence in Syria began, schools have been looted, vandalized and burned.
                                                                               In Lebanon, without at least a birth notification document from the hospital or an authorized
                                                                               midwife, a child will have difficulties signing-up for UNHCR and accessing assistance such as                                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.i
                                                                               food, education and healthcare. When the time comes for voluntary return to Syria, without an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      nt/files/resources/Outline%20for%
1   05/12/2012 Lebanon   Country         Background           refugees         official birth certificate a child may not be able to prove their Syrian nationality, obtain Syrian ID,                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    UNHCR
                                                                               and may have problems accessing rights such as healthcare and education. In addition, without                                                                                                                                                                                                                          20birth%20registration%20counse
                                                                               an official birth certificate a child may have difficulties obtaining Syrian ID and may therefore not                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ling%20%28FINAL%29.pdf
                                                                               be able to cross the border to Syria legally.
                                                                               T he call comes as the child rights agency publishes a new report called Out in the Cold that says                                                                                                                                                                                                                     http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               fears are growing for Syrian children and families hit by freezing winter weather because of                                                                                                                                                                                                           Save the        republic/fears-grow-syrian-children-
1   04/12/2012 All       All             NFI                  Children         funding shortages that have threatened relief operations in the region. T here are now fears that                                                                                                                                                                                NGO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Children        and-families-struggling-survive-bitter-
                                                                               infections and diseases could spread amongst refugee children, who are particularly vulnerable
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      winter
                                                                               to the cold weather, and are living in close proximity in refugee settlements.
                                                                               Feller said the conflict was disproportionately affecting civilians - at least 2.5 million of them -
                                                                               and called on both sides to ensure that those who have fled their homes throughout the country
                                                                               were able to reach safety. In some areas, insecurity has reached to the country's borders, making                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/unhcr
                                                                               escape to neighbouring states especially perilous. As UNHCR's senior refugee protection official,
1   04/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan          Displacement         All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   Alertnet        -head-of-protection-calls-for-safe-
                                                                               Feller reviewed reception arrangements at Za'atri, which as of this week has received more than
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      passage-for-uprooted-syrians
                                                                               60,000 Syrian refugees since it opened four months ago. Many of those 60,000 have since moved
                                                                               on, some into the local community and others have returned to Syria. Za'atri currently has about
                                                                               32,000 residents.
                                                                               NAT O told Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on T uesday that any use of chemical weapons in
                                                                               his fight against encroaching rebel forces would be met by an immediate international response.

                                                                               T he warning from NAT O Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen came as Syrian forces                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/nato-
                                         Political
2   04/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                All              bombarded rebel districts near Damascus in a sustained counter-attack to stem rebel gains                                                                                                                                                                                        International Media   Alertnet        warns-syria-not-to-use-chemical-
                                         developments
                                                                               around Assad's power base.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             weapons

                                                                               International concern over Syria's intentions has been heightened by reports that its chemical
                                                                               weapons have been moved and could be prepared for use.
                                                                                T he mainly Sunni Muslim rebel forces have made advances in recent weeks, seizing military
                                                                               bases, including some close to Damascus. Faced with creeping rebel gains across the north and
                                                                               east of the country, and the growing challenge around the capital, Assad has increasingly                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/nato-
                                                                               resorted to air strikes against the insurgents. T he Syrian army appears to have focused most of its
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Damascus        Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   Alertnet        warns-syria-not-to-use-chemical-
                                                                               energy on Damascus, where rebels have been planning to push into the capital from the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      weapons
                                                                               surrounding suburbs. Clashes continued around Damascus International Airport and along the
                                                                               airport highway, which has become an on-and-off battleground that forced foreign airlines to
                                                                               suspend flights to Damascus since T hursday evening.
                                                                               T he United Nations and European Union both said they were reducing their presence in Syria in                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/nato-
                                         Operational
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                All              response to the escalated violence around the capital.adding to a sense that the fight is closing                                                                                                                                                                                International Media   Alertnet        warns-syria-not-to-use-chemical-
                                         Constraints
                                                                               in                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     weapons

                                                                                                                                                                                          Red Cross steps up Syria aid response as winter temperatures
                                                                                                                                                                                          bite. The Syrian Arab Red Crescent is providing 1.5 million                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Access               All                                                                                                                         people each month with food and other aid in conjunction with                                                                                                         Red Cros Movement     ICRC            republic/red-cross-steps-syria-aid-
                                                                                                                                                                                          the World Food Programme, and is providing ambulance                                                                                                                                                        response-winter-temperatures-bite
                                                                                                                                                                                          services and basic health care across the country.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Armed violence       All              Syria's 20-month-old civil war has now spread to nearly every part of the country                                                                                                                                                                                                International Media   AFP             republic/un-cuts-food-rations-syrians-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      over-cash-shortage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                         Number in need of                     T he UN says humanitarian conditions in Syria are "catastrophic," with four million people likely to
    04/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP             republic/un-cuts-food-rations-syrians-
                                         humanitarian aid                      need some kind of aid by January.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      over-cash-shortage

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Al-Rakka        Armed violence       All              government-controlled town of al-Raqqah                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          International Media   IRIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      republic/bread-shortages-rising

                                                                                Road access to and from Damascus has become more dangerous, making it difficult to dispatch
                                                                               food from WFP warehouses to some parts of the country -- particularly to the north. In the past few
                                                                               weeks, the UN food agency has seen increasing incidence of indiscriminate attacks on its trucks
                                                                               in different parts of the country. In line with a UN decision to reduce the international staff working                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.wfp.org/news/news-
                                         Operational                           in Syria and as a result of the further escalation of violence in the country, WFP will relocate
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    WFP             release/wfp-concerned-about-food-
                                         Constraints                           seven of its non-essential staff to Amman. Around 20 international and 100 national WFP staff
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      security-syria
                                                                               remain in the country to carry out the emergency operation to feed 1.5 million vulnerable Syrians.
                                                                               UN agencies, including WFP, have also temporarily suspended all field missions outside
                                                                               Damascus, which will negatively impact our ability to monitor food distributions by our partners
                                                                               and limit the movement of staff to conduct needs and market assessment missions

                                                                                                                                                                                          We had to reduce the food rations since we upscaled our food
                                                                                                                                                                                          assistance from 850,000 to reach 1.5 million people in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               T he United Nations has had to cut food rations for hundreds of thousands of people in conflict-           September. The amount of reductions vary each month and also
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Syria           LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP             republic/un-cuts-food-rations-syrians-
                                                                               stricken Syria because of cash shortages                                                                   depend on the district.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      over-cash-shortage


                                                                               T he United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is warning that the recent escalation of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://www.wfp.org/news/news-
                                                                               violence in Syria is making it more difficult to reach the country’s hardest-hit areas and that food
    04/12/2012 Syria     Syria           LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    WFP             release/wfp-concerned-about-food-
                                                                               insecurity is on the rise due to bread shortages and higher food prices in many parts of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      security-syria
                                                                               country. High prices are also affecting neighbouring countries hosting Syrian refugees.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.wfp.org/news/news-
                                                                                In Aleppo, the majority of the population is now dependent on private bakeries where the price is
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo          LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    WFP             release/wfp-concerned-about-food-
                                                                               40 to 50 percent higher compared to other governorates.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      security-syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.wfp.org/news/news-
                                                                               T he governorates of Rural Damascus, Aleppo and Al-Raqqa host the highest number of newly
1   04/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Displacement         IDPs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              UN                    WFP             release/wfp-concerned-about-food-
                                                                               displaced people.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      security-syria
                                                                               Most basic food items are still available in the market, but at higher prices. In areas of fighting,                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://www.wfp.org/news/news-
    04/12/2012 Syria     Syria           LFS                  All              shortages of some food commodities have been observed while prices have almost doubled. In                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    WFP             release/wfp-concerned-about-food-
                                                                               these areas access to the market is often curtailed.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   security-syria
                                                                               WFP staff regularly monitoring food distributions in different parts of the country have also
                                                                               reported that food consumption is particularly low among displaced families taking refuge in                                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.wfp.org/news/news-
    04/12/2012 Syria     Syria           LFS                  IDPs             schools and public buildings due to the lack of access to cooking facilities. Displaced families                                                                                                                                                                                 UN                    WFP             release/wfp-concerned-about-food-
                                                                               in rented homes who receive WFP food assistance report adequate food consumption but are                                                                                                                                                                                                                               security-syria
                                                                               running out of resources, having lost jobs and exhausted their life savings.
                                                                               T he Syrian crisis has also negatively impacted the food security situation of neighbouring                                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://www.wfp.org/news/news-
                                                                               countries which depend on food imports from Syria and cross border trade. Food prices in Jordan,
1   04/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan          LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    WFP             release/wfp-concerned-about-food-
                                                                               for example, have increased due to the reduction of food imports by nearly 50 percent and
                                                                               increased demand from new arrivals from Syria.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      security-syria
                                                                               An air strike killed at least 12 people and wounded more than 30 in the northeastern Syrian town
                                                                               of Ras al-Ain on Monday. T he warplane hit the Mahata district in the southwestern part of the
                                                                               town. T his area is controlled by the (jihadist) Al-Nusra Front, Ghuraba al-Sham and other rebel
                                                                               battalions. T he northeastern sector of the town, located in the mainly Kurdish province of
                                                                               Hasakeh, is controlled by Kurdish militias, he noted. Ras al-Ain was the scene of fierce clashes                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Ras al-Ain      Armed violence       All              between fighters loyal to the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) -- which has close ties to                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP             republic/air-strike-kills-12-syrian-
                                                                               T urkey's rebel Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) -- and the Al-Nusra Front and Ghuraba al-Sham in                                                                                                                                                                                                                        border-town
                                                                               late November.

                                                                               T he Observatory, which relies on a network of activists, lawyers and medics, later reported that
                                                                               clashes had died down after the two parties managed to strike an agreement.
                                                                               UN agencies in Syria are relocating and restricting movement of staff due to rising insecurity that
                                                                               is getting closer to the capital. T he UN has decided to send all non-essential international staff        Some UN agencies are also relocating staff from the northern
                                                                               out of Syria and to halt all field trips outside of the capital for now. Eight UN staff have been killed
                                                                                                                                                                                          town of Aleppo, which rebels have been battling to control.
                                                                               since the beginning of the conflict, most caught up in the general insecurity, in addition to 18
                                                                               volunteers of the Syrian Arab Red Crescent, seven of whom died while on duty. “T he situation is
                                                                                                                                                                                          Outside of Damascus, at least one UN agency remains
                                                                               significantly changing,” said Sabir Mughal, the UN’s chief security advisor in Syria. “T here is an        present, dependent on Syrian staff, in each of Hassakeh,
                                                                               increased risk for humanitarians as a result of indiscriminate shooting or clashes between the             Qamishli, al-Raqqah, Tartous, Lattakia, Homs, Hama, Dera’a,                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                         Operational
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                                 parties.” Access to affected areas and needy people was already a challenge for UN staff, who              Aleppo and Rural Damascus. An office of the World Food                                                                                                                International Media   IRIN            republic/un-shrinks-staff-and-
                                         Constraints
                                                                               are limited by insecurity, a lack of information, and layers of required clearances from both the          Programme (WFP) in Deir-ez-Zor was relocated several                                                                                                                                                        movement-amid-insecurity
                                                                               government and internal UN procedures. For two-thirds of the month of November, UN security                months ago. he UN has 48 armoured vehicles registered for
                                                                               considered many main routes in the country - from Damascus to Homs, from Homs to Aleppo,                   more than 1,000 national and international staff. Many are out of
                                                                               from Hama to T artous, from Aleppo-Latakiya - unsafe for travel, or they did not have enough               service, and when they break down, it can take months for spare
                                                                               information in order to confidently send staff on trips. Humanitarian aid convoys have increasingly
                                                                                                                                                                                          parts to arrive from abroad.
                                                                               come under attack in recent weeks, sometimes caught in crossfire, but sometimes specifically
                                                                               hijacked for their goods or the vehicles themselves. Mortars have landed and shoot-outs have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               Analysts say the number of armed groups are growing, are more organized, and have better
    03/12/2012 Syria     Syria           stakeholders                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   IRIN            republic/un-shrinks-staff-and-
                                                                               weapons and access.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      movement-amid-insecurity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
    03/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon         Displacement         Refugees         T here are already more refugees in Lebanon than projected for all of 2012.                                                                                                                                                                                                      International Media   AFP             republic/army-shells-damascus-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      outskirts-phone-services-resume
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Displacement         IDPs             Inside Syria, the number of internally displaced is more than 1.2 million,                                                                                                                                                                                                       UN                    OCHA            republic/united-nations-ordinary-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      people-paying-price-syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               with four million people in and around the country affected by the crisis. People urgently need
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Number of affected   All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    OCHA            republic/united-nations-ordinary-
                                                                               medicines and health care, shelter, winter items, safe drinking water, and fuel, among other items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      people-paying-price-syria
                                                                                Almost 2,000 schools and other public buildings are hosting the displaced; many lack adequate                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
    03/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Shelter              All              heating, sanitation and winterization. T emperatures are falling, and expected to drop close to                                                                                                                                                                                  UN                    OCHA            republic/united-nations-ordinary-
                                                                               freezing in December.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  people-paying-price-syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               .Medical care is increasingly hard to find, due to shortages of staff and supplies, as well as
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Health               All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    OCHA            republic/united-nations-ordinary-
                                                                               damages to facilities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      people-paying-price-syria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                In addition to direct exposure to violence, people, especially children, confront a growing threat
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Protection           All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               UN                    OCHA            republic/united-nations-ordinary-
                                                                               from unexploded ordnance and explosive remnants of war.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      people-paying-price-syria
                                                                               T he numbers of refugees registered or awaiting registration in other countries (currently 465,000)        Despite difficult circumstances, the UN and its partners have
                                                                               is now approaching a half a million, with over 50,000 fleeing in the last two weeks. Refugees who                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                                                                                                                                          made real achievements in Syria, reaching 1.5 million people
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Displacement         Refugees         flee the country cite generalized violence, including during their attempts to flee, targeted threats                                                                                                                                                                            UN                    OCHA            republic/united-nations-ordinary-
                                                                                                                                                                                          with food on a monthly basis and distributing more than 300,000
                                                                               against individuals and their families, and a breakdown of basic services as the reasons they fled                                                                                                                                                                                                                     people-paying-price-syria
                                                                                                                                                                                          family sets with essential relief items
                                                                               their country.
                                                                               Clashes between troops and rebels rocked Syria's second city Aleppo, scene of urban warfare for
                                                                               more than four months, the Observatory said, and 14 rebels were killed in fighting near an air base                                                                                                                                                                                                                    http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Aleppo          Armed violence       All              southwest of the city.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Media   AFP             republic/army-shells-damascus-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      outskirts-phone-services-resume

                                                                               In the east, troops re-entered the Al-Omar oilfield, three days after pulling out. Despite T hursday's                                                                                                                                                                                                                 http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               pullout, rebels did not enter the oilfield for fear that it was mined, T he oilfield is one of the
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Deir Ezzor      Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP             republic/army-shells-damascus-
                                                                               regime's last positions east of the city of Deir Ezzor. Last week, rebels seized a huge swathe of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      outskirts-phone-services-resume
                                                                               territory stretching from the city to the Iraqi border, the largest in Syria outside government control.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               Early last month, the rebels seized control of the Al-Ward oilfield, the first it had captured. T he
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Al Ward         Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP             republic/army-shells-damascus-
                                                                               army has since also lost control of the Al-Jofra oilfield and the Conoco gas reserves
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      outskirts-phone-services-resume

                                                                               Sarmeen has been under Free Syrian Army control since late March, but regime shelling near the                                                                                                                                                                                                         Inter Press     http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Idlib           Armed violence       All              town can be heard frequently. With just over 20,000 inhabitants before the uprising, several                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Service         republic/free-syria-faces-tough-times
                                                                               thousand had fled the town amid continuing conflict in the area.
                                                                               In the following days this correspondent visited the nearby village T a’um, not far from the military                                                                                                                                                                                                  Inter Press     http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Idlib           Displacement         All              base in T aftanaz. Of some 7,000 inhabitants before the conflict, less than 2,000 are said to                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Service         republic/free-syria-faces-tough-times
                                                                               remain.
                                                                               Sarmeen has been under Free Syrian Army control since late March, but regime shelling near the                                                                                                                                                                                                         Inter Press     http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Idlib           Displacement         All              town can be heard frequently. With just over 20,000 inhabitants before the uprising, several                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Service         republic/free-syria-faces-tough-times
                                                                               thousand had fled the town amid continuing conflict in the area.

                                                                               Syria's oil and gas production is now largely for domestic consumption as a result of embargos                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   03/12/2012 Syria     Syria           LFS                  All              on its exports by its biggest pre-conflict customers. But rebel activity has also taken a mounting                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP             republic/army-shells-damascus-
                                                                               toll on output.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        outskirts-phone-services-resume

                                                                               A car bomb rocked Syria's third largest city Homs on Sunday killing 15 people, state media said,
                                                                               as the army hammered rebel positions around Damascus in a strategic assault aimed at securing
                                                                               the capital. T he Hamra neighbourhood has been under regime control throughout the revolt. Homs                                                                                                                                                                                                                        http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Armed violence       All              was one of the cradles of the armed uprising against Assad's rule, earning it the monicker of                                                                                                                                                                                    International Media   AFP             republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias-
                                                                               "capital of the revolution" from opposition activists. T he city suffered devastating violence earlier                                                                                                                                                                                                                 homs-state-media
                                                                               this year, but in recent months the army has opted to keep mainly Sunni Arab rebel-held districts
                                                                               around the centre under siege rather than launch an all-out assault.
                                                                               In T urkey, the refugees have been hosted in 13 camps run by the authorities and by the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Turkey    Nationwide      Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               T urkish Red Crescent.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               In Jordan, the influx of refugees has led the authorities to shift their                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan          Displacement         Refugees         approach from the organization of transit facilities to the opening of a large isolated tented                                                                                                                                                                                   Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               camp.
                                                                                In Iraq, Baghdad has opened its border to
                                                                               Syrian refugees, although the Al Qaim border crossing has been closed most of the time,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Iraq      Iraq            Displacement         Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               which raises the question of the possibility for refugees and returnees to effectively take                                                                                                                                                                                                                            s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               shelter inside Iraq.
                                                                               Shell fire from Syria, meanwhile, hit a T urkish border town late Saturday, without causing                                                                                                                                                                                                                            http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Armed violence       All              casualties. It was the first cross-border shelling since Ankara requested that NAT O deploy Patriot                                                                                                                                                                              International Media   AFP             republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias-
                                                                               air defence missiles on the restive frontier.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          homs-state-media
                                                                               Assad's forces pounded rebel positions around Damascus with artillery fire and air strikes, in an                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Armed violence       All              offensive aimed at securing a perimeter around the capital including the main highway to the                                                                                                                                                                                     International Media   AFP             republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias-
                                                                               international airport that has been under sustained rebel assault, the Observatory said.                                                                                                                                                                                                                               homs-state-media
                                                                               Flights from the airport resumed only on Friday, a day after a series of attacks on traffic on the 27-
                                                                               kilometre (17-mile) road from the capital, one of them deadly, were brought to an end by a major                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Armed violence       All              ground assault.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  International Media   AFP             republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      homs-state-media
                                                                               But a military source said several more days of fighting were needed to fully secure the highway.
                                                                               T he decision of the Lebanese government to stop supporting primary and secondary health                                                                                                                                                                                                                               http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon         Health               Refugees         services to the refugees in the North, has transferred the burden onto the international                                                                                                                                                                                         Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               community.
                                                                               In spite of the commitment of the Jordanian authorities, not all health services are provided
                                                                               for free, and a significant part of the costs needs to be supported by the Jordan Health Aid
                                                                               Society. Acute                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan          Health               Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               respiratory infections/cough and cold and allergies are expected to increase in the winter due                                                                                                                                                                                                                         s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               to the bad housing conditions, mainly for those people renting houses or living in Zaatari
                                                                               camp. Psychosocial support for the refugee population is also broadly needed.
                                                                               Since the beginning of the crisis, health care provided to the Syrians in camps in the South                                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Turkey    Nationwide      Health               Refugees         provinces of Hatay, Gaziantep, Kilis and Sanliurfa has been above international humanitarian                                                                                                                                                                                     Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               standards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                                                               Unidentified Syrian gunmen fired shots across the border on a Lebanese military post on Sunday
    02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Armed violence       All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Media   AFP             republic/car-bomb-kills-15-syrias-
                                                                               drawing returning fire, an army statement said.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      homs-state-media
                                                                               Access to water and sanitation remains problematic for refugees living in unfinished houses or                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
    02/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon         WASH                 Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               collective centers, tents or garages.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               Jordan suffers from chronic water shortages, particularly during the dry months of summer                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan          WASH                 Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               and autumn.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               Water, including hot running water, is provided in sufficient quantity and quality in all camps.                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Turkey    Nationwide      WASH                 Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               T he sanitation conditions are also up to standard.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               T he increased burden imposed on the host communities has increased the tensions with the
                                                                               refugees and imposes a close monitoring of the situation. People with specific vulnerabilities                                                                                                                                                                                                                         http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Lebanon   Lebanon         Protection           Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               such as discharged wounded, women, elderly, people with disabilities and children, would                                                                                                                                                                                                                               s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               need specific attention
                                                                               In parallel to the emergency response in the hot-spots, the support to displaced people and
                                                                               host communities has become essential. T he main challenges lie with ensuring access to basic                                                                                                                                                                                                                          http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
    02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Protection           All              services and essential goods. An additional danger is that this situation will continue to push                                                                                                                                                                                  Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               to extreme behaviour (development of criminality, prostitution, fighting, exodus…) and push
                                                                               the communities to rally along sectarian lines.
                                                                               With little access to the field and significant constraints for humanitarian actors to operate in
                                                                               the country (difficulties in obtaining visas, ban on using questionnaires or organizing surveys,
                                                                               restrictions on coordination), assessing the needs has always been a major challenge in Syria.
                                         Operational                           T o date, the localisation of the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria                                All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Donor                 ECHO
                                         Constraints                           vulnerable populations affected by the crisis, the understanding of their needs and the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               identification of the beneficiaries is for a large part done by the Syrian Arab Red Crescent
                                                                               (SARC), supported locally by charities and communities, with few possibilities for the
                                                                               international aid agencies to independently assess and monitor needs and operations.
                                                                               Serious allegations of abuses in Ministry of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Health               All              Health facilities have led many patients to rely exclusively on alternative health support,                                                                                                                                                                                      Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               provided by private clinics, SARC facilities or in clandestine field hospitals.
                                                                               Increased prices in raw material,
                                                                               shortage of fuel and the development of hostilities in Aleppo, where most of the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           Health               All              pharmaceutical companies are located, have limited the local production of drugs and affected                                                                                                                                                                                    Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               the supply of medicines in most of the Governorates. Psychosocial support has been also
                                                                               identified as one of the needs of the most affected population exposed to traumatic situations.
                                                                               Many water networks were damaged in the areas where hostilities took place. In addition,
                                                                               many local manufacturers of chlorine had to stop their production and fuel restrictions have
                                                                               disrupted and are likely to continue to disrupt the provision of safe water.
                                                                               Hygiene problems and solid waste management are foreseen in the most affected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           WASH                 All              neighbourhoods where sewage networks were damaged and where the regular collection of                                                                                                                                                                                            Donor                 ECHO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               garbage was stopped.
                                                                               Displaced people hosted in collective shelters are confronted to severe hygiene conditions due
                                                                               to overcrowding, unhealthy shelters, limited water supply and poor access to basic hygiene
                                                                               items (personal and household).
                                                                               Poor farmers and herders were badly affected by dry climatic conditions in 2011 which
                                                                               resulted in a poor harvest. One of their main coping strategies was to move to urban centres in
                                                                               search for casual work. T he upsurge of insecurity and movement constraints have interrupted
                                                                               this mechanism. Some have seen their household income decreased by more than 90 % in                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/file
1   02/12/2012 Syria     Syria           LFS                  All                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Donor                 ECHO
                                                                               certain locations (FAO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 s/resources/syria_en_7.pdf
                                                                               3
                                                                               ). As a result, many are selling assets, borrowing money or reducing
                                                                               their food stock-piles, thereby further increasing their vulnerability.
                                                                               Protestors continued to hold demonstrations
                                                                               on a daily basis around the country in response to
                                                                               recent price increases in petrol and cooking gas. Aside                                                                                                                                                             WFP and UNICEF continue their analysis                                                             http://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-
                                         Operational                           from increased travel times, WFP operations have not                                                                                                                                                                of the data gathered through the General Nutrition                                                 republic/wfp%E2%80%99s-response-
1   01/12/2012 Jordan    Jordan                               Refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UN                    WFP
                                         Constraints                           been heavily impacted by the demonstrations. T he recent increase in cooking gas prices places                                                                                                                      Survey in Al Za’atri camp and host communities.                                                    inside-syria-and-neighbouring-
                                                                               a                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Preliminary results will be available by mid-December                                              countries-jordan-lebanon-9
                                                                               further burden on UNHCR to refill kitchen gas
                                                                               frequently.