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Observation

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									                 Descriptive Pattern



              Fact                        Fact




     Fact                  Topic
                                                   Fact




                 Fact




parts of speech; chemistry naming and formula writing;
relationships in nature; how literature relates to real
life;steps that lead to poor driving techniques; verb
conjugation; sentence structures; presidency; learning
trigonometry functions of special angles; rhythmic and
melodic patterns in vocal music;sentence patterns;article
changes; periodic chart; factoring; events that lead to war;
grammar; mass/ volume/ density relationships; metric
system; decimals; base ten; multiplication; genre(fairytales);
how book spine labels are setup; electromagnetic spectrum;
                    Time-Sequence Pattern




Understanding phases of the moon and tides; lab work; practice
certain skills then apply them in a game; sentence skills; order of
operations; years/ dates; chronological order of events; social
studies; time; sequence skills in the writing process and time lines
for placing literary movements in its proper perspective;the time
line for development of a fetus; word order in a sentence;
sequence of steps to get a job done; what are the sequence skills
needed to create a project; position of adjectives, object
pronouns etc (word order); what is learned today may not be
needed until next year; the steps and order in which they occur,
necessary to solve and code a program; entrance of parts in
polyphonic music settings;contextual; chronology; getting to class;
geologic time scall; daily schedule; Dewey decimal; steps to
formation of hurricane; seasons;
               Process/Cause-Effect Pattern




                                                         Effect




All math problems; pay attention/attend class/ take notes/ pass the
class; plate tectonics causing earthquakes; maintaining checkbook;
being able to follow directions; seeing an end result; If I smoke,
drink, or do drugs…this is what will happen; in vocal music, if you
don’t feel a steady beat we won’t keep together; knowing what will
happen if certain choices are made in a game; what the outcome will
be if the planning process is not followed; defensive and offensive
playing (PE); verb tenses (conjugating in sentences to subject and
tense); plot development.; consequences of choices;
                          Episode Pattern


                        duration

          place


  time



    CAUSE                      Episode                    EFFECT




               person              person      person




Solving equations; life on a cattle drive; history of the discovery of
the atom; know people develop character/ personality in a series of
small episodes mixed with a few small ones so the episodes and their
outcomes are important; story plots and understanding; WWII;
solving linear and/or quadratic equations.
             Generalization/Principle Pattern


              Generalization/Principle



                                  Example



                                  Example



                                  Example




Principles of the food groups; grammar rules; themes of government;
no division of “0”; basic principles of vocal production in vocal music;
laws; genetics/ evolution; assists= liabilities + owners’ equity; rules
for forming various tenses of verbs etc; teamwork (PE); inverse
square law for propagation of energy; basic math skills and how to
use them; basic laws of algebra; important principles would be
related to safety; list the principles of design;use of kinetic
molecular theory; music terms and how to respond to each; gravity;
acceleration; speed of light;
                             Concept Pattern
                                                      Example



                                                 Characteristic




                                  Concept
       Characteristic
                                                    Characteristic


        Example
                                       Example              Example

        Example
                                       Example

        Example



Five basic elements of narratives; must know the rules of the game before it
can be played; interpreting graphs;life, liberty and especially the pursuit of
happiness; hot air rises & cold air sinks; compare the differences between
paints; concepts; economic system; government systems; social studies;
students need to know concepts dealing with plot/ theme/ irony/ symbolism;
parts of speech; forming past tense; not translating word for word; how to
write a molecular program; understanding styles of music; properties of
equality; style and performance in vocal music; IPDE; flow of electricity;
political and economic systems; understanding math (addition/ subtraction/
division/ multiplication); calculus; biology; hand-eye coordination;banking; how
hardware/ software work together; plant and animal structure; scientific
laws; racism; different rhythm recognition concepts; school guidelines;
kingdoms; numbers; speed of light;
                                Comparing




Numerical & rational numbers;themes in two different short stories; dynamics/
musical styles; knowing the difference between various tenses of speech;
comparing cultural differences; compare/ contrast various software available;
types of sections from equations; cultural differences in holiday celebrations;
verb tenses; comparing effectiveness of methods of contraception; historical
sources; difficult operating math and other subjects in school; poorly skilled
vs. better skilled & accepting the differences; differences in time periods of
music (romantic era vs. renaissance era ); differences between countries;
characters, themes, styles of writing; buying a new car vs. buying a used car;
comparing realistic facts to fictional things; comparing prices of different
things; atomic action & structure vs. molecular action & structure 7 subatomic
action & structure; which way is the “best” to solve a problem;life in the
suburbs vs. life in the cities; evolution vs.creation; comparing different
languages; math properties vs. math definitions; the needs of a community/
town vs. those of a business.; intonation of like instrucments; cards that adults
carry important versus non-importnant; photosynthesis/respiration; plant
cells/animal cells; aztecs/Mayas/Incas; US life /European life;
decimals/fractions
                             Comparing

                    Items to be compared
                  #1
                  #1.      #2
                           #2.     #3
                                   #3.

Characteristics
1.                                         Similarities


Characteristics                            Differences

2.                                         Similarities

                                           Differences

3.                                         Similarities

                                           Differences

4.                                         Similarities

                                           Differences


Use of dichotomous key for identification of specific plants/animals;
metals/ nonmetals; types of prepositions ( personal/ possessive/
reflexive etc.); kingdoms of living creatures; types of energy; atomic
structure; how to solve certain problems; relative strengths and
weaknesses of individuals and government; law class; students into
ability level work groups; put vocabulary into various categories;
classifying types of animals (birds/ mammals etc); assets/ liabilities/
owner’s equity etc; classification systems; types of wood;
identification of parts of vocal music;types of insurance claims that
are different; types of insurance; periodic chart organization; types
of rocks; grammar/ verbs/ subject/ IO/ DO.
                            Categories




Long periods of time;evolution; atomic modules; abstracting in
composition writing & creation of characters etc..; visualize what the
desired output should look like; draw ten objects from a shape;
applying learned knowledge to a similar experience; chemical
behavior; thinking small to understand the atomic theory; view and
understand atomic models; develop a theorem from concrete
examples; classification systmes of organisms; library/resources;
           Categories




Evergreens versus deciduous trees; acid/base;
              Abstracting

Literal           Abstract              Literal




          Convert amounts to symbols;
                  Inductive Reasoning



 Observation        Observation       Observation       Observation




                         Conclusion


Use of examples to discover theorems for solving problems;
interpreting others writing; being able to generalize about a
discovery or piece of information; analyze how a document was
designed; making generalizations/ finding exceptions; math problem
solving; what is rules for plurals in Spanish; geometry; apply consepts
to real world applications;.
                              Deductive Reasoning
     1. Specific situation/topic                    2. Related generalization/
                                                       principle




                                                       Conditions that must be in place for
                                                       the generalization/principle to apply
    3.   Does the specific situation/topic meet the conditions that make the generalization/
         principle apply?

                             Yes?                       No?



   4.    Conclusion/Prediction                4.   No Conclusion/Prediction




Applying basic grammar rules to authentic speaking/ writing; cause/
effect; analysis of how parts of speech are used (together & apart);
are the risks of intercourse worth it?; steps in a lab project; ability
to use notes in exams; getting better results from a skills through
adjustments; given pieces of information; prepare a final document;
Kennedy assassination; drawing conclusions; math problem solving;
formula based problems; putting things “all together”; focusing on
the Spanish tradition of family; understanding the joining of metals
through fusion; factoring; how supply and demand affect society;
interpret data recorded from an experiment
                    Deductive Reasoning

                 Principles or     Conditions that   If the principle or
                 generalizations   would make the    generalization
                 that might apply. principle or      applies, what can
                                   generalization    you conclude or
                                   apply.            predict?

Specific topic
or situation
                         Constructing Support

Opinion




Appeal through   Appeal through     Appeal through   Appeal through reason
personality      tradition or       rhetoric
                 accepted beliefs                    Evidence:

                                                     Claim:

                                                     Elaboration:

                                                     Qualifier:
                                            Analyzing Errors

  Information:




       Is this information important or
       intended to persuade?
        No                       Yes


 Stop                             Does anything
analysis                          seem wrong?
                            No                    Yes

                  Stop
                                   What is wrong with the thinking underlying the information?
                 analysis



                            Faulty logic?     Weak references?         Attacks?         Misinformation?




                                                   Ask for more information.




What is correct format for doing things; if a piece does not fit properly find
out why;ability to detect subject/ verb disagreements; presidential duties &
responsibilities; lab error checks; rechecking exams prior to turning them in
for correction; playing out of tune--learning to listen & figure out how to work
around that; multiple choice; complex math problems; self-correction while
speaking; proofreading assignments; determining why a computer program
doesn’t work; determining why the car/ plane/ boat won’t run and what to do
to make it run; peer editing; correct/ incorrect vocal performances with
rhythms/ beats/ notes/ pitch etc.; being able to detect errors in their own
writing & and explain it; proofreading; discus why conclusions are not black and
white; reflective journalizing; understanding climate information; teaching
reasons to double-check everything.; know their error makes sense
(estimation)
    Perspective Examination Matrix
          Statement or           Assigned       Reasoning or Logic
            Concept               Value          Behind My Value




Look into the future and see what today's actions might have an
affect on; gestating field trips in the mind; debating; social studies;
American vs. German perspectives on issues in history ; what is your
opinion of this piece of literature?; how is this person like me or
different from me; rain forest devastation and similar issues; self-
analysis; evaluate the authority and/or validity of the information a
student finds; fact vs. fiction; identifying motivations.
        Conflict Clarification Matrix
       Issue


       Personal perspective


       Reasons/logic behind my
       personal perspective

       Different perspective


       Reasons/logic behind
       different perspective
       Conclusion/awareness




To form opinions based on reading & not on real life; working with
LHB partner; race relations of the 1960’s; cultural conflicts;
understand conflicts in characters in a short story/ novel; slavery
issues (both sides); understanding of various opinions on the theory
of evolution.
                              Problem Solving

                 Problem
        Goal:

                                                     Problem solved.
        Constraint/Limiting Condition:




                                                         Worked well.
                Possible        Possible        Selected Solution:




                                                           Did not work well.
                Solution:       Solution:




Possible
Solution:



                                                    Try another solution:




Determining what data is needed to solve specific problems; factor-
label method for calculations; if I contract an STD what should I
do?; word problems; broken furniture--method to fix it; how to wire
it when power comes from different “directions”; looking at traffic
situations & understanding accident avoidance skills for that
situation; how can I create a center of interest?; take a situation and
design a solution; class discussions; budgeting; reading problems;
given a situation determine what type of application should be used
to solve this problem; how to find a resource; if unprepared for class;
project completion in short time period; which math operation to
solve a problem; density problems and relative concepts
               Perspective Analysis
                           Alternatives

Criteria




TOTALS
 TOTALS




       Slant and bias recognition in source;
                                          Invention
  CHOICE



                     Need:                             Invention:




                     Standards:
  DRAFT AND REVISE




                       Draft      Draft        Draft




Making a barometer; catapult; design of environmentally friendly
landscaping & home features; using origami techniques to create 3-D
objects; Invent a new game; invent a better PC; to take a problem &
invent a solution based on the facilities and equipment available.
                    Experimental Inquiry



Observation:




   Relevant Theory/Rule:        Relevant Theory/Rule:




     Possible Explanation:

      Prediction:
      Activity/Experiment:


    Results:
                          Investigation


  Concept/Scenario:




  Known or Agreed Upon:             Confusions or Contradictions:


  •                                 •
  •                                 •
  •                                 •

  Resolution:




How to use an index to find information in a book; developing
questioning skills; developing research skills; investigation;
character/ story plots in reading; developing internet skills; how will
components of PCs change/ improve things in business?; ability to
design valid controlled experiments; career education; knowing ones
self; term papers/ reports etc.; looking for clues in traffic to make
good predictions; consumer math; laboratories;research techniques;
if I get drunk at a party what are my best options; scientific method;
scientific method;
                         Systems Analysis




Sight reading; musical terms/ definitions; steps in respiration;
analyze the meaning of a piece of literature; identifying sources of
error in experimental design; given a spreadsheet students will write
appropriate equations & determine when to use them; H2O cycle;
laboratory processes and procedures.

								
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