Contributing to the Future of the American Automobile Industry by coolo87651


									Japan Automobile
                                                                                                                                                         Japanese Automobile Manufacturers:
Manufacturers Association


HEAD OFFICE                                   ASIA                                         NORTH AMERICA                     EUROPE
Jidosha Kaikan, 1-30, Shiba Daimon 1-Chome    Singapore Representative Office              U.S. Office                       European Office
Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0012, Japan              143 Cecil Street #09-03/4                    1050 17th Street, NW, Suite 410   Avenue Louise 287 • Box 9
Tel: 81-3-5405-6126                           GB Bldg., Singapore 069542                   Washington, DC 20036-5518, USA    1050 Brussels, Belgium
Fax: 81-3-5405-6136                           Tel: 65-6221-5057 Fax: 65-6221-5072          Tel: 202-296-8537                 Tel: 32-2-639-1430 (Japanese)                                                           Fax: 202-872-1212                 Fax: 32-2-647-5754 (English)          Beijing Office                     
                                              Unit 1001B, Level 10 • China World Tower 2
                                              No.1 Jian Guo Men Wai Avenue
                                              Beijing 100004 China
                                              Tel: 86-10-6505-0030 Fax: 86-10-6505-5856
                                                                                                                                                                                              Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association
                                                                                                                            Table of Contents
                                                                                                                                                                    Meeting the Challenges Ahead
                                                                                       Introduction: Meeting the Challenges Ahead                 2
                                                                                                                                                       As leaders in the world automotive industry, we have been pioneers in innovation – focusing on the
                                                   Number of Americans Employed by Japanese Automakers and Dealers                                3
                                                                                                                                                       consumer, emphasizing quality and cost control while investing in cutting-edge technological and
                                              Map of JAMA Members’ U.S. Manufacturing Plants and Research Facilities                           3-4     environmental research. However, like our competitors, our companies, workers, dealers, and consumers
                                                                                                                                                       have been sorely tested by what is being called the most severe world recession since the Great
                                                                                                 Locally Built Japanese-Brand Vehicles            5
                                                                                                                                                       Depression. The numbers in this brochure reflect that. Yet as we begin to emerge from the economic
                                                                                     JAMA Members’ Purchases of U.S. Auto Parts                   6    downturn, we believe our values have positioned us to continue to lead and prosper in a new, restructured

                                                                              U.S. Exports from Japanese Auto Plants in the U.S.                  6    and more disciplined market place.

                                                                                   JAMA Members’ U.S. R&D and Design Centers                   7-8
                                                                                                                                                       For example, our commitment to the U.S. market has not wavered. Honda opened a new manufacturing
                                                                                      JAMA Members’ Environmental Contributions                9-12    plant in Greensburg, Indiana, in 2008, bringing the total number of Japan Automobile Manufacturers
                                                                                                                                                       Association (JAMA) company manufacturing facilities in the U.S. to a new high of 31. Our combined
                                                                                                                  New Engine Technology           9
                                                                                                                                                       investments in our American vehicle, engine, and parts manufacturing facilities rose by more than a
                                                                                                                      Awards and Accolades        9
                                                                                                                                                       billion dollars to $33,674,000,000, a major contribution to local economies even in the face of these
                                                                                                                            Hybrid Vehicles     10     severe economic conditions. We have increased the number of our American employees devoted to
                                                                                                                                                       research by 6 percent, a number now approaching 4,000 people working in 34 major U.S. research
                                                                                                                Next-Generation Vehicles      11-12
                                                                                                                                                       facilities. Unfortunately, our total employment fell during 2008 as the recession took its toll on the
                                              Japanese Automakers’ Production, Employment, and Investment in the U.S.                         13-14    economy. At the end of 2008, we employed 392,635 workers in the U.S., down nearly 8 percent.

                                                                                                               Published by JAMA 2009 •   The largest decrease came in our manufacturing operations. Manufacturing employment dropped
                                                                                                                                                       8 percent.

                                                                                                                                                       The American automobile industry is being remade, sculpted by the implosion of a market that could
                                                                                                                                                       not support its costs and consumers who would not support the status quo. Companies that will succeed
                                                                                                                                                       in this new world must reflect the new market realities. Management must be alert to changing
                                                                                                                                                       conditions, demands and trends and be lean enough – flexible enough – to meet them. There is a
                                                                                                                                                       revived insistence on value for money, quality, and outstanding design in cars and trucks that will last.
                                                                                                                                                       Consumers care about the environment and the safety of their families, and want technology to support
                                                                                                                                                       their lifestyles in the 21st century.

                                                                                                                                                       We believe this new marketplace is the one consumers have been waiting for, and so holds great
                                                                                                                                                       opportunity for automakers ready to satisfy them. We are continuing to invest, research and build in
                                                                                                                                                       order to provide the vehicles our consumers demand. We continue to focus our production in North
                                                                                                                                                       America, where we still make nearly two-thirds of the cars and trucks that we sell in the U.S. This
              Japanese automakers own and operate 65 manufacturing plants and major R&D and design centers
                         in the U.S. and employ thousands of Americans, some of whom are shown on the cover.                                           brochure provides the details of the JAMA member company investments in the U.S., and hints about
                                       The vehicles showcased on the cover include the Nissan LEAF, Toyota Prius,                                      our dreams for the future.
                                                  Honda CR-Z, and the Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star Eco Hybrid Bus.

Page 1   C o n t r i b u t i n g t o t h e F u t u re o f t h e A m e r i c a n A u t o m o b i l e I n d u s t r y                                                          C o n t r i b u t i n g t o t h e F u t u re o f t h e A m e r i c a n A u t o m o b i l e I n d u s t r y   Page 2
    Japanese automakers (including distributors) and their
    dealers employed 392,635 Americans in 2008. Of these,
                                                                                                              Auto Production, In vestment, and R&D
    the 31 manufacturing plants employed 57,027, while the
    automakers’ 34 major R&D and design centers employed
    3,752. Dealers and distributors employed the rest.
                                                                                                                        Create U .S. Jobs
    (Please see the map for facility locations and types and
    the chart below for detailed employment figures.)

Manufacturing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mitsubishi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Toyota (2)
                                                                                 Honda                                                                                                                                                                  Subaru
                                                                                 Nissan                                                                                                                                                                 Honda
                                                                                                     Honda                                                                                                                                              Isuzu                              Toyota
                                                                                 Toyota                                                                                                                                                                 Mazda
                                                                                                     Mazda                                                                                                                   Toyota
                                                                                                     Mitsubishi                                                                                                                                         Honda
                                                                                                     Nissan(2)                                                                                                      Mazda • Ford
                                                                                                     Subaru                                                                                                                                                  Isuzu•GM
                                                                                                     Toyota(3)                                                                             Mitsubishi                                                            Honda
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Honda                                                     Mitsubishi
                                                                                     Toyota•GM                                                                                                                                                  Honda
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Toyota                                            Hino
The Hino Motors Manufacturing plant in Williamstown, West                                                                                                                              Toyota                              Subaru           Honda
Virginia, began production in 2007 and is capable of producing                        Toyota                                                     Honda                                                                                                               Toyota
5,000 trucks a year.                                                                      Toyota
                                                                                                                                                                                          Toyota                    Toyota                      Toyota
                                                                                                Hino                                                                                                                         Nissan                     Toyota
                                                                                                   Hino                                                                                                     Nissan                     Nissan

                                                                                                                           Toyota                                                                                  Toyota*               Honda
                                                                                                                                                                                            Hino                                                                                                    Hands-on engineering is the principle that guides employees at Honda R&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Honda                                                       Americas, headquartered in Torrance, California. Established in 1975, the
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Nissan                         Toyota                  Honda                                 facility conducts local market research and design activities and creates
                                                                                                                                                                            Toyota                         Nissan                                                                                      advanced technologies and products that add value to Honda and Acura
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            vehicles. Including its Torrance Headquarters, Honda R&D Americas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      now operates 15 R&D facilities in the U.S.

                                                                      Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky, Inc., located in
                                                                      Georgetown, Kentucky, is the automaker’s largest manufacturing
                                                                      facility outside of Japan. Established in 1986, it builds the
                                                                      Avalon, Camry, Camry Hybrid, Solara, and Venza as well as
                                                                      four-cylinder and V6 engines and powertrain parts.

             Number of Americans Employed by Japanese Automakers and Dealers in the U.S.                                                                                                                                                                Map Key
                                                                                      2004              2005                 2006                 2007                2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Vehicle Manufacturing Plant
 Japanese-Brand Vehicle Makers’ Manufacturing Employees                              55,795               57,370            59,999               62,126               57,027
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Engine Manufacturing Plant
 Japanese-Brand Vehicle Makers’ R&D Employees                                         3,065                3,593              3,576                3,530               3,752
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Parts Manufacturing Plant                                                         Creating a dealership that is informative, positive, engaging and even fun was
 Japanese-Brand Vehicle Dealers’ Employees                                         331,098             337,086             339,986              337,468             310,575
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the core of Mazda's Retail Revolution initiative begun in 2003 to transform
 Japanese-Brand Vehicle Distributors’ Employees                                      20,705               21,689            20,868               21,759               21,281               * Plant under construction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        R&D Center                                              the way people shop for cars. These dealerships, like the facility shown here in
                                                                                                                                                                                           Please see pages 7, 8, 13, and 14                                                                           Midland, Texas, are distinguished by their bright colors, futuristic vehicle
 Total Employees                                                                                       419,738             424,429                                  392,635
                                                                                                                                                                                           for more details on these facilities.      Design Center
                                                                                   410,663                                                      424,883                                                                                                                                              displays, and interactive terminals that help answer customers’ questions.

                                                                                Note: There are 6,811 dealer franchises selling Japanese-brand vehicles. Source: Japanese Automakers

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   Locally Built Vehicles Account for 62% of                                                                                                  Purchases of U.S. Auto Parts Drop to
 U.S. Sales of Japanese-Brand Vehicles in 2008                                                                                                   Below $40 Billion in Recession
             In 1986, JAMA members exported about 3.4 million vehicles from Japan to the U.S.                                       The purchases of U.S. parts by Japanese automakers in Japan fiscal year 2008 (April 2008 - March
             In 2008, they exported about 2 million vehicles here, a reduction of about 1.4 million vehicles.                       2009) fell to $39.26 billion from the previous year due to the economic recession, which has sharply
             In 1986, JAMA members produced 617,000 vehicles in the U.S. In 2008, they produced nearly                              reduced auto production and the need for, and purchase of, auto parts.
             3 million vehicles here, an increase of nearly 2.4 million vehicles.

             Japanese automakers now supply 62% of their total U.S. sales from their North American
             plants, compared with less than 12% in 1986.

          Rising Production in the U.S. Replaces Exports from Japan: 1986-2008

                                                                                                                                    Source: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc.
                                                                                                                                    Note: Data includes purchases of U.S. auto parts by JAMA members for vehicles built in both the U.S. and Japan.

                                                                                                                                      Exports Contribute to the U.S. Economy
                                                                                                                                   Japanese auto companies export cars from their U.S. plants, in addition to meeting U.S. consumer demand.
                                                                                                                                   In 2008, Japanese manufacturers’ affiliates in the U.S. exported 275,127 American-built cars and trucks to

          Source: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc.                                                                 countries around the world. These exports consisted of 17.6% of total new vehicle shipments from the U.S.
          Note: JAMA members’ production figures include their production for GM and Ford.

                                                                                                                                                               U.S. Exports from Japanese Auto Plants in the U.S.
                                      1986                           Percent of Japanese                                2008                                                                                                        2004                 2005       2006        2007          2008
                                                                     Brand Sales Locally                                        Car Exports from Japanese Plants in the U.S.                                                      126,346              180,124     186,058    186,493       142,529
                                                                                                                                Truck Exports from Japanese Plants in the U.S.                                                     40,162               89,592      89,817     114,395      132,598

                                                                                                                                Car & Truck Exports from Japanese Plants in the U.S.                                             166,508               269,716     275,875    300,888       275,127
                                                                                  Sales of
                                                                              imported vehicles                                 U.S. Car and Truck Exports                                                                      1,163,031             1,225,649   1,442,497   1,606,114    1,563,342

Source: Calculated from                                                                                                         Japanese Plants’ Percentage of U.S. Car and Truck Exports                                           14.3%               22.0%       19.1%       18.7%         17.6%
sales figures as published
in Ward’s Automotive Reports.
                                                                             Sales of locally
                                                                           manufactured vehicles                                Source: Japanese Automakers and U.S. International Trade Commission Data Web
                                                                                                                                Note: All exports include exports to Canada and Mexico.

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                                                        R&D and Design Centers Meet American Consumers’ Requirements
    Given the vast differences between Japanese and American vehicle markets, many of the products                                                                                        Mazda North American Operations
    that JAMA members sell in the U.S. are designed and built in America. JAMA members’ R&D                                                                                               Mazda operates two R&D centers in the U.S. — one in
    centers are responsible for tracking consumer trends and developing products that satisfy                                                                                             Irvine, California (pictured here), and the other in Flat
    American tastes and needs.                                                                                                                                                            Rock, Michigan. Both study technology and market trends,
                                                                                                                                                                                          evaluate whether Mazda products conform to North
                                                                                                                                                                                          American market standards, and develop designs exclusively
     Name of Company                    Headquarters, Division Offices                                                Current Functions                                                   for North American consumers.

     Hino Motors Manufacturing          Farmington Hills, MI                                                          8                                                                   Honda R&D FC Sport
     U.S.A., Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Honda R&D Americas, based in Torrance, California,
     Honda R&D                          Torrance, CA; Raymond & East Liberty, OH; Detroit, MI;                        1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7                                                 developed a hydrogen-powered, three-seat sports car
     Americas, Inc.                     Denver, CO; Cantil, CA                                                                                                                            concept, which it debuted at the 2008 Los Angeles Auto
                                                                                                                                                                                          Show. Shown here, the FC Sport emphasizes the design
     Isuzu Manufacturing                Detroit, MI; Los Angeles, CA                                                  2, 3, 4, 6
     Services of America, Inc.                                                                                                                                                            flexibility and potential of Honda’s fuel cell technology,
                                                                                                                                                                                          which consists of a compact, high-efficiency fuel cell stack
     Mazda North                        Irvine, CA; Flat Rock, MI                                                     1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7                                                 arranged in an innovative center-tunnel layout.
     American Operations, Inc.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Honda R&D Ohio Center
     Mitsubishi Motors R&D of           Ann Arbor, MI; Normal, IL; Washington, DC;                                    1, 2, 3, 5, 6
     America, Inc.                      Cypress, CA                                                                                                                                       The Ohio Center of Honda R&D Americas is responsible
                                                                                                                                                                                          for complete product development, testing and support of
     Nissan Technical Center            Farmington Hills, MI; Sacramento, CA;                                         1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7                                                    North American supplier development. An Automotive
     North America, Inc.                 Canton, MS; Smyrna, TN; Gardena, CA
                                                                                                                                                                                          Safety Research Facility at the Ohio Center houses the
     Nissan Design                      San Diego, CA                                                                 4                                                                   high-resolution crash barrier block, the world’s first
     America, Inc.                                                                                                                                                                        pitching crash test simulator, and other safety labs.

     Nissan Technical Center            Stanfield, AZ                                                                 3
     North America, Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Hino Crew Cab
     Arizona Test Center                                                                                                                                                                  In 2008, Hino’s R&D facility in Farmington Hills,
                                                                                                                                                                                          Michigan, developed the Crew Cab pictured here. The
     Subaru Research and                Cypress, CA; Lafayette, IN; Ann Arbor, MI                                     1, 3, 4, 6
                                                                                                                                                                                          truck specifically was designed for the U.S. market.
     Development, Inc.

     Toyota Motor Engineering           Ann Arbor, MI; Plymouth, MI; Gardena, CA; Berkeley, CA;                       1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7                                                 Toyota Calty Design Research
     & Manufacturing                    Wittmann, AZ; Sacramento, CA; Cambridge, MA                                                                                                       Toyota’s Calty Design Research Facility in Newport Beach,
     North America, Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                          California, provides solutions for Toyota, Lexus, and Scion

                                                                                                                                                                                          product development and supports North American
     Calty Design Research, Inc.        Newport Beach, CA; Ann Arbor, MI
     (Toyota)                                                                                                                                                                             production design, including color and trim. Activities
                                                                                                                                                                                          include research, advanced design, and philanthropic
     Key to Current Functions:                                                                                                                                                            outreach. Calty has contributed exterior styling for such
                                                         3) Evaluation of vehicles                6) Vehicle design
                                                                                                                                                                                          production models as the FJ Cruiser, Tundra, Highlander,
     1) Technical support for procurement of
        parts for local production                       4) Styling & general design              7) Prototype production                                                                 Scion xB, and Venza.

     2) Evaluation of parts                              5) Parts design                          8) Technical support & marketing research

    Source: Japanese Automakers

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                                                                         JAMA Members’ Environmental Contributions in the U.S.
     New Technologies                                                                                                                     Hybrid Vehicles
     Over the years, Japanese automakers have distinguished themselves for developing high-quality products that                          JAMA members first introduced hybrids in the U.S. market in the late 1990s. Since then, their sales steadily
     are friendlier to the environment — an increasingly important concern for American consumers. Their dedica-                          increased through 2007 when they reached just over 322,000, before declining somewhat in 2008 to nearly
     tion to preserving the environment also extends to making sure the facilities they operate are in harmony with                       282,000 due to the economic recession. JAMA members have introduced new hybrid models in 2009 and
     their natural surroundings.                                                                                                          plan even more in the years to come.

                                                   New Engine Technology
                                                   Ecological Drive Assist System                                                     Sales of Hybrid Vehicles in the U.S. Market
                                                   Honda’s Ecological Drive Assist System enhances fuel economy and is fea-
                                                   tured in the new Insight hybrid car.

                                                   i-stop System
Ecological Drive Assist System                     Mazda’s unique engine stop/start system, i-stop, uses combustion energy
                                                   to restart the engine in just 0.35 seconds, about half the time of most other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Honda Insight
                                                   competing systems.

                                                   Dual Injector System (Not Pictured)
                                                   Nissan has developed a Dual Injector System to improve fuel efficiency in
                                                   gasoline engines. It will introduce the new system in production vehicles
                                                   starting early in Japan fiscal year 2010.

                                                   Continuously Variable Transmission (Not Pictured)
                                                   Next-generation Continuously Variable Transmission technology, developed
                                                   by Nissan and its affiliate transmission supplier, JATCO Ltd., will appear in
                                                   compact Nissan vehicles worldwide in the near future.
          Mazda’s i-stop System

                                                   Awards & Accolades                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Nissan Altima
                                                   JAMA members’ focus on the environment has not gone unnoticed. In
                                                   2008 and 2009, Japanese automakers earned recognition for their com-
                                                   mitment to protecting the environment.

                                                   Recognizing Honda's leadership in the area of alternative fuels and hydro-
                                                   gen-powered fuel cell technology, the Honda FCX Clarity was declared the
2009 World Green Car                               “2009 World Green Car.” The hydrogen fuel cell-powered FCX Clarity is
                                                   available on a limited lease basis.

                                                          Subaru of Indiana Automotive received the U.S. EPA’s 2008
                                                           “WasteWise Gold Achievement Award for Climate Change,” which
                                                            is awarded to companies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions                                                                                                                                                                                 Toyota Prius
                                                            through waste reduction.

                                                         For the fifth consecutive year, in 2009, the U.S. EPA awarded Toyota
                                                      its “Energy Star” award for the company’s sustained commitment to
                                                   energy efficiency and management of energy consumption.                                         Japanese Brand                             U.S. Brand                    Total Units for Year
Toyota Wins Energy Star
                                                                                                                                   Source: Ward’s Automotive Reports; some numbers are revised from the previous edition.

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                                                                    JAMA Members’ Environme ntal Contributions in the U.S.
      Next-Generation Vehicles                                                                                                               Electric Vehicles
      Having distinguished themselves by being the first to offer hybrid vehicles to consumers worldwide, Japanese
                                                                                                                                             Nissan LEAF
      automakers continue to work on new technologies to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and the world’s                                     The Nissan LEAF, the world's first affordable, zero-emission car,
      dependence on oil and give consumers an environmentally friendly means of transportation.                                              goes on sale in the U.S., Japan, and Europe in 2010. Laminated
                                                                                                                                             compact lithium-ion batteries that provide a range of more than
                                                                                                                                             100 miles power the vehicle, a medium-size hatchback that com-
Honda FCX                                                                 Fuel Cell Vehicles                                                 fortably seats five adults.                                                                                                                   Nissan LEAF
                                                                          Honda FCX Clarity
                                                                          Honda began leasing the FCX Clarity hydrogen fuel cell
                                                                                                                                             Subaru Plug-in STELLA EV
                                                                          vehicle in July 2008 in southern California. The combined
                                                                                                                                             The Subaru Plug-in STELLA Electric Vehicle (EV), which is
                                                                          sales plan for Japan and the U.S. calls for a few dozen units
                                                                                                                                             equipped with a high-performance lithium-ion battery, now is
                                                                          within a year and about 200 units within three years.
                                                                                                                                             being sold in Japan. The Subaru Plug-in STELLA Electric Vehicle
                                                                                                                                             (EV) is based on the Subaru STELLA mini car.
                                                                          Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle
                                                                          Toyota also is steadily overcoming the technological hurdles
     Toyota Fuel                                                                                                                             Mitsubishi i-MiEV
    Cell Hybrid                                                           associated with fuel cell vehicles. Japan’s Ministry of Land,
                                                                                                                                             Mitsubishi has unveiled the production version of the i-MiEV
                                                                          Infrastructure and Transport has given Toyota vehicle-type
                                                                                                                                             new-generation electric vehicle. The vehicle, which is now avail-
                                                                          certification for its Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle, which features a                                                                                                                                              Subaru Plug-in
                                                                                                                                             able in Japan, is the culmination of the company’s 40 years of                                                                                STELLA EV
                                                                          newly designed FC stack fuel cell that offers a 25% improve-
                                                                                                                                             electric vehicle development. The company plans to continue its
                                                                          ment in fuel efficiency and a cruising range of nearly
                                                                                                                                             collaboration with private and public sectors to develop the
                                                                          516 miles.
                                                                                                                                             infrastructure needed to promote the use of electric vehicles.

                                           Mazda RX-8
                                                                          Hydrogen Vehicles
                                             Hydrogen RE
                                                                          Mazda RX-8 Hydrogen RE
                                                                          In 2008, Mazda began validating the RX-8 Hydrogen RE’s             Plug-In Hybrid
                                                                          driving performance on public roads in Norway. The
                                                                                                                                             Toyota Plug-in Hybrid
                                                                          demonstration is part of a special program to demonstrate                                                                                                                                                   Mitsubishi i-MiEV
                                                                                                                                             Toyota is developing a plug-in hybrid vehicle that can be charged
                                                                          hydrogen energy infrastructure, including a chain of
                                                                                                                                             using external power sources based on its hybrid technology,
                                                                          hydrogen stations along a 360-mile stretch of highway
                                                                                                                                             which it has positioned as a core technology for environmentally
                                                                          in Norway.
                                                                                                                                             considerate vehicles. A plug-in hybrid basically operates as an
                                                                                                                                             electric vehicle on short trips and as a conventional hybrid vehicle
Mazda Premacy                                                                                                                                on longer ones. Toyota intends to introduce approximately 500
Hydrogen RE                                                               Mazda Premacy Hydrogen RE Hybrid
                                                                                                                                             plug-in hybrid vehicles globally, primarily to fleet customers, to
Hybrid                                                                    Mazda’s latest eco-car, the Premacy RE Hybrid, features the
                                                                                                                                             encourage market acceptance and promote understanding.
                                                                          automaker’s proprietary dual-fuel system, which enables the
                                                                          car to run on gasoline if hydrogen is unavailable. Its interior
                                                                          parts are made from Mazda’s plant-derived biotech materials.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Toyota Plug-in Hybrid

 P a g e 11     C o n t r i b u t i n g t o t h e F u t u re o f t h e A m e r i c a n A u t o m o b i l e I n d u s t r y                                               C o n t r i b u t i n g t o t h e F u t u re o f t h e A m e r i c a n A u t o m o b i l e I n d u s t r y    P a g e 12
            Japanese Automakers’ Production,
          Employment, and Investment in the U.S.                                                                                                                              Name of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Location (Status)           Products                                     Units Produced
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 in 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Employees           Total Investment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ($ million)

                                                                                                                                                                              Toyota+                New United Motor                   Fremont, CA                 Corolla & Tacoma                             271,202 ıı           400,000            4,729               1,353
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Manufacturing, Inc.                (Joint Venture: GM)         GM: Pontiac Vibe*                            (70,839)                                                    (Toyota)
Name of                                          Location (Status)       Products                             Units Produced    Production   Employees   Total Investment
Company                                                                                                       in 2008           Capacity                 ($ million)
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Toyota Motor                       Georgetown, KY              Camry, Camry Hybrid, Avalon,                 456,297              500,000            6,855               5,543
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Manufacturing,                                                 Solara & Venza
Subaru               Subaru of Indiana           Lafayette, IN           Legacy, Outback & Tribeca            183,249           240,000      3,101       1,224                                       Kentucky, Inc.
                     Automotive, Inc.                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Engines                                      492,114              500,000
                                                                         Toyota: Camry
                                                                                                                                                                                                     TABC, Inc.                         Long Beach, CA              Trucks**                                     863                  n/a                511                 268
Isuzu                DMAX, Ltd.                  Moraine, OH             Diesel Engines                       70,058            200,000      561         585
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Catalytic Converters                         1,933,899            n/a
                                                 (Joint Venture: GM)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Steering Columns                             171,388              n/a
Honda                Honda of America            Marysville, East        Accord, CR-V, Element,                                                                                                                                                                     Substrates                                   2,704,928            n/a
                                                                                                              697,583           680,000      11,800      6,590
                     Manufacturing, Inc.         Liberty & Anna, OH      Acura TL & Acura RDX
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Bodine Aluminum, Inc.              St. Louis & Troy, MO Cylinder Heads                                      1,678,405            n/a                977                 578
                                                                         Engines                              1,073,448         1,180,000                                                                                               Jackson, TN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Engine Brackets                                     752,639              n/a
                     Honda Transmission          Russells Point, OH      Automatic Transmissions              687,725           800,000      1,100       400
                     Manufacturing of                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Cylinder Blocks                              1,208,658            n/a
                     America, Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Toyota Motor Mfg.,                 Princeton, IN               Sequoia, Sienna, Highlander                  208,299              350,000            4,300               3,059
                     Honda Manufacturing         Lincoln, AL             Odyssey, Pilot, Ridgeline            282,735           300,000      4,500       1,400                                       Indiana, Inc.                                                  & Tundra***
                     of Alabama, LLC                                     & Accord
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Toyota Motor Mfg.,                 Buffalo, WV                 Engines                                      529,602              540,000            1,054               1,045
                                                                         Engines                              282,659           300,000                                                              West Virginia, Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Transmissions                                414,677              600,000
                     Honda Precision Parts       Tallapoosa, GA          Automatic Transmissions              282,936           300,000      450         150
                     of Georgia, LLC
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Toyota Motor Mfg.,                 Huntsville, AL              Engines                                      271,354              400,000            860                 544
                     Honda Manufacturing         Greensburg, IN          Civic                                6,851             200,000      1,000       550                                         Alabama, Inc.
                     of Indiana, LLC
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Toyota Motor Mfg.,                 San Antonio, TX             Tundra                                       90,050               200,000            1,850               1,352
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Texas, Inc.
Mazda                Auto Alliance               Flat Rock, MI           MAZDA6                               167,258           240,000      3,234       1,900
                     International, Inc.         (Joint Venture: Ford)   Ford: Mustang                        (92,299)ı                                                       Hino                   Hino Motors Mfg.,                  Ontario, CA                 Class 4-7 Commercial Vehicles                484                  0                  178                 84
                                                                                                                                                                                                     U.S.A., Inc. (California)
Mitsubishi           Mitsubishi Motors North     Normal, IL              Eclipse, Galant,                     58,357            120,000      1,419       1,683                                                                                                      Vehicle Components for                       136,320              120,000
                     America, Inc.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Toyota Vehicles
                                                                         Eclipse Spyder & Endeavor
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Hino Motors Mfg., U.S.A., Marion, AR                           Differential, Rear Axle &                    106,090              105,000            291                 233
Nissan               Nissan North America,   Smyrna &                    Altima, Frontier, Xterra, Maxima     312,178           550,000      4,765       3,183                                       Inc. (Arkansas)                                                Suspension-Related Parts
                     Inc. (Smyrna & Decherd) Decherd, TN                 & Pathfinder                                                                                                                                                                               for Toyota Vehicles

                                                                         Engines                              564,762           950,000                                                              Hino Motors Mfg., U.S.A., Williamstown, WV                     Class 4-7 Commercial Vehicles                3,151                5,000              117                 10
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Inc. (West Virginia)
                     Nissan North America        Canton, MS              Quest, Titan, Armada, Altima         232,879           400,000      3,375       1,940
                     Inc. (Canton)                                       & Infiniti QX56                                                                                      Total                                                                                 Vehicles 2008                                2,971,436            4,185,000          57,027              33,674
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Engines 2008                                 3,283,997            4,070,000
                                                                                                                                                                            Source: Japanese Automakers; all data as of December 2008
                                                                                                                                                                            Note: ı Units produced for Ford ı ı Units produced for GM * Pontiac Vibe production ceased in August 2009. **Truck production ceased in July 2008. ***Tundra production ceased in August 2008.
                     Data for this chart is continued at the top of page 14, with combined totals at the bottom.                                                            +
                                                                                                                                                                              Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Mississippi, Inc. (Blue Springs, MS) is under construction.

        P a g e 13       C o n t r i b u t i n g t o t h e F u t u re o f t h e A m e r i c a n A u t o m o b i l e I n d u s t r y                                                                                              C o n t r i b u t i n g t o t h e F u t u re o f t h e A m e r i c a n A u t o m o b i l e I n d u s t r y                       P a g e 14

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