RFID

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					RFID in Healthcare
        Presented by
    Francis DiDonato, RN
            Objectives
1. Describe RFID in Healthcare
2. Describe RFID hardware and software
3. Describe RFID software usability
4. Describe RFID Information System
  Objectives, continued
5. Describe advantages and disadvantages of RFID
6. Describe the ethical and legal issues of RFID
7. Describe RFID nursing informatics competencies
8. Describe the nursing functions and
   responsibilities
        What is RFID?
Radio Frequency Identification
Tags transmit identification to reader
Stores up to 2 kilobytes of data
Can be used on people, animals, or objects
RFID in Healthcare
           Hospitals adopting
           RFID to track:
             Pharmaceuticals
             Blood Products
             Equipment
             Lab Specimens
             Patients
Why RFID in Healthcare?
“RFID enables healthcare facilities
improve overall safety and operational
efficiency because it operates without
line-of-sight while providing read/write
capabilities for dynamic item tracking.”


                          (Reiner, 2005, p. 1)
     RFID Hardware
RFID Tag
RFID Antenna
RFID Reader
           RFID Tags
Unique Identifier
Two types: Passive and Active
Receive data
Transmit data
      RFID Software
RFID Anywhere
BarTender
GuardRFID
Alvin Healthcare
Alvin Healthcare Software
Designed specifically for healthcare industry
Allows user access to patient data
  Name, medical record number, blood type

Allows user to access/input patient data
  Vital signs, blood type, medications administered
     Software Usability
Three Axioms for developing effective human-
computer interactions:
I.   Users must be an early and continuous focus
     during interface design
II. The design process should be iterative, allowing
     for evaluation and correction of identified
     problems.
III. Formal evaluation should take place using
     rigorous experimental and/or qualitative
     methods.

                       (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2009)
RFID Information Systems
Clinical Information System
  Most commonly used type of patient care
  support system
  Designed to collect patient data in real time
  Provides data at clinician’s fingertips
  Enables decision making at the bedside

                     (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2009)
Information System Review
 Clinical Information System
 Used by nurses and physicians
 Functions include documentation, identification,
 and tracking
 Microcomputer configuration
 Electronic Product Code Information Services
 data sharing standard
    RFID Advantages
Ensures patient safety
Improves medication administration
Provides tracking of supplies
Provides tracking of patients


                                (MacIver, 2006)
 RFID Disadvantages
Cost
Security Concerns
Dead areas
Ethical and Legal Issues
Privacy and Security
Informatics Competencies
Computer Competencies
Information Literacy
Information Management
Nursing Functions and
   Responsibilities
Maintain Records
Maintain Patient Privacy
Have a Backup System in place
              Summary
Future of Nursing
Patient Safety
Documentation
Easy to Use
            References
Alvin Systems. (2005). RFID and Wireless Solutions
    for Healthcare Service Providers. Retrieved
    October 7, 2009, from
    www.alvinsystems.com/resources/pdf/
    healthcare_rfid.pdf.
Banks, J., & Thompson, L. G. (2007). The Principles of
     RFID: Hardware Basics. Retrieved October 5,
     2009, from http://
     www.rfidnews.org/2007/04/02/the-principles-of-
rfid-       hardware-basics
           References
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. (2009). Nursing
   informatics and the foundation of knowledge.
   Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Reiner, J. (2005). RFID in Healthcare. Retrieved
    September 19, 2009, from www.ups-scs.com/
    solutions/white.../wp_RFID_in_healthcare.pdf.
            References
RFID Journal. (2002). What is RFID? Retrieved
   September 18, 2009, from http://
   www.rfidjournal.com/article/articleview/
   1339/1/129

RFID Update. (2007). RFID Sharing Standard EPCIS is
   Ratified. Retrieved October 30, 2009, from http://
   www.rfidupdate.com/articles/index.php?id=1339
            References
McIver, J. (2006). RFID: Real Solutions in Healthcare.
    Retrieved November 17, 2009, from           www-
304.ibm.com/easyaccess/fileserve?
    contentid=74696

IDAutomation. (2009). RFID FAQ & Tutorial.
   Retrieved November 17, 2009, from http://
   www.idautomation.com
   rfid_faq.html#RFID_Advantages.
           References
Alliance for Nursing Informatics. (2009). Future of
     Nursing: Acute Care, Focusing on the Area of
     Technology. Retrieved November 20, 2009, from
     journals.lww.com/.../ANI%20Response%20to
     %20RWJ_IOM%20on%20The%20Future%20of
     %20Nursing.pdf

				
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