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					 The Inter-American Cooperation
Mechanism for Professional Labor
Administration: The OAS Proposal

            Alice Abreu and Francisco Pilotti
     Office of Education, Science and Technology
  Executive Secretariat for Integral Development (SEDI)


    Second Meeting of the Working Groups of the IACML
             Buenos Aires, 11 - 13 April, 2005
               INDEX


I.   The Feasibility Study
II. The Social Network of Latin
    America and the Caribbean
III. CONARED – Knowledge Sharing
     and Advisory Network
IV. Lessons Learned
V.   Outline of the OAS Proposal
                   I.     The Feasibility Study
Mechanism for the Modernization of
       Labor Administration

•Background
  –Declaration of Salvador
    •Regional Action based on horizontal
    cooperation
    •Feasibility Study
•Feasibility Study: Options
  –Inter-American Network for Labor
  Administration
  –Inter-American Centre for Labor A.
                    I. Feasibility Study
Options from the Study:
Network
  –Portfolio of experiences
  –Comparative analysis of experiences
  –Dissemination of information, electronic means
  –Supply and Demand Matrix
  –Horizontal Cooperation Facilitator
  –Database
  –Cost: US$3.2 millons
Centre
  –All of the above, plus the following:
  –Identifies sources for resources
  –Technical assistance to assess needs
  –Designs and executes courses, seminars, interchanges
  –Cost: US$11.5 millons
               INDEX


I.   The Feasibility Study
II. The Social Network of Latin
    America and the Caribbean
III. CONARED – Knowledge Sharing
     and Advisory Network
IV. Lessons Learned
V.   Outline of the OAS Proposal
                    II. The Social Network
What is the Network?
•Origen: Tlaxcala, 1991
•30 Countries - 34 Institutions (SIF)
•Purpose: Horizontal Cooperation horizontal /
fight against poverty

Structure of the Network
•Annual Conference
•Coordinating Committee
•Technical Secretariat – OEST/OAS
                 II. The Social Network
The Network: Consolidation      Seminars
                                                        Course
 Diversification Activities                           Internships



                                                       World
 Extra-Regional Relationships                        Conferences
                                                    Other Networks

                                                     Publication on
 Corporative Identity                                   website




 Cooperation/Financing links
   OAS: Institutional Strengthening                ECLAC
   World Bank: Information and Technology (InterRed) GTZ
   IDB/INDES: Intr-Regional Internships Program     EU
                  II. The Social Network

Horizontal Cooperation in the
framework of the Network: Results
•11 Annual Conferences
•30 seminars
•140 Internships
•1080 officers trained (10 years)
•Publications
•Web Site
                   II. The Social Network

 Horisontal Cooperation Models
Horizontal: from Tianguis to the
        Virtual Market
•TIANGUIS

•Technical Secretariat as Focal Centre

•Virtual Network: WEBSITE
              II. The Social Network

Tianguis: Direct Exchange Model

      F1      F2      F3




 ST




      F4      F5      F6
                       II. The Social Network

The Technical Secretariat as Focal Centre:
        Indirect Exchange Model

           F2

    F1            F3
                              Supply and
                             Demand Matrix
           ST


    F6            F4

           F5
                         II. The Social Network

WEBSITE: Virtual Exchange Model

                    F1
                                      Design
                                      Hosting
                                   Administration


      F4                   F2




                    ST

www.redsocial.org
                 II. The Social Network
      Connectivity Modalities

•Face to Face Meetings
•Videoconferences
•Phone Conferences
•Phone Messages
•Electronic Mail
•Electronic Conference
•Fax
                   II. The Social Network
    Social Network: A Complex
            Community
•It has members from more than one
organization
•High rotation of executives
•Geographically dispersed, with different
times
•Members from different countries/cultures
•Members that speak different languages
•Not everybody has the same access to
information and communication technologies
                         II. The Social Netwrok
         Challenges Identified I

•Evaluation
  –Individual
  –Work Position – multiplier effect
  –Institutional Management

•Participation
  –Internal
  –External
     •Civil Society
     •Local Government
     •Researchers
                    II. The Social Network
       Challenges Identified II

•Management: From simple associations
to complex networks
  –Asymmetries
  –Statutes
  –Diversified budget and financing
  –Strategic role of members
                    II. The Social Network
Differences between the Feasibility
Study and the Social Network Model
• Option: Network or    • Flexible Knowledge
  Centre                  Network
• Vertical              • Co-management
  Management            • Active participants
• Beneficiaries         • Co-financing
• Financing donors      • Role of OEST/OAS
• Does not take into      – Executing Agency
  account legal           – Voluntary Fund
  aspects
                        • Cost: US$ 750 mil
• Costs: US$ 3-11mill
               INDEX


I.   The Feasibility Study
II. The Social Network of Latin
    America and the Caribbean
III. CONARED – Knowledge Sharing
     and Advisory Network
IV. Lessons Learned
V.   Outline of the OAS Proposal
                                      III. CONARED
        Strategy and Objectives
• This initiative seeks to identify, systematically
  organize and share consolidated experiences among
  countries of the Hemisphere

• Simultaneously, it seeks to advise, accompany and
  communicate through virtual tools with and among
  those countries; as they critically transfer
  different experiences to their own contexts

• It opens a space for dialogue with all the actors
  involved in education: civil society, political body,
  international institutions and researchers
                                              III. CONARED
Sharing Knowledge in a horizontal manner
The creation of this unique space within the OAS is proposed as an
alternative to the traditional vision to review and jointly construct
experiences and models. Under this model, all parties offer and
receive experiences, understanding that all countries have something
to share and something to learn from the other member States.
                                     III. CONARED
What do we want to overcome?

An interchange methodology that implies that:

 • Some experiences are better
 • First you learn and then you apply what you
   learned
 • Local knowledge is not relevant
 • The benefit is only obtained in the final stage of
   the process
What approach do we apply? III. CONARED
 Relevant elements:
•Political will and the catalyst for a permanent and direct
dialogue
•A dialogue that results in something unique to the sum of
its parts, that it feeds from theory and it is
strengthened with the support of financing and technical
institutions

                                           International Financing
                         Country   1             Institutions
  Researchers
  Observatories
    Evaluating
   Institutions                        CATALYST


           Country   2                 Country   3
What approach do we apply? III. CONARED
Other Relevant Elements:
•Information may be disseminated, but knowledge must be
built
•It is a collaborative work that returns key knowledge to the
enrichment of national initiatives
•Low Cost and High Return Mechanism which permanently links
theory with practice

                                           International Financing
                         Country   1             Institutions
  Researchers
  Observatories
    Evaluating
   Institutions                        CATALYST


           Country   2                 Country   3
          III. CONARED
CONARED
                                       III. CONARED
                  The Results
- More than 3 years implementing the strategy, which is
permanently updated and adapted to the new demands
from the Ministries
-8 Technical Cooperation Workshops
-28 countries actively participating
- Creation of a network of permanent advisors
-Construction of a permanent dialogue with all actors
involved: videoconferences, on-line forums, on-site
workshops
-Financial sustainability thanks to the support from the
Work Bank and the contributions of the Technical
Secretariat
                INDEX

I.   The Feasibility Study
II. The Social Network of Latin
    America and the Caribbean
III. CONARED – Knowledge Sharing
     and Advisory Network
IV. Lessons Learned
V.   Outline of the OAS Proposal
                            IV. Lessons Learned

What have we learned or reaffirmed
       about cooperation?
•All countries have valid lessons to share
•Horizontal Cooperation increases the capacity of
the System to reflect and learn from each other
experiences
•A genuine political will to share is as important as
sharing itself
                        IV. Lessons Learned

 What is a Knowledge Network?
•Group of people that share the same
concern and set of problems, and who deepen
their knowledge through continuous
interaction.
•Through this interaction: group learning,
knitting relationships, sense of belonging and
collective commitment
•The members bring added value through the
voluntary participation in the community
                          IV. Lessons learned
          Generation of Value
•Short term value – Solution of contingent
problems
•Long term value – Training and
systematization of a knowledge base
•Intangible value – Social capital
•Strategic value – How can a community with
its own identity initiate high quality collective
projects for its members
                          IV. Lessons Learned
Network and Development of Capacities

• Traditional             • Networks
  – Professional Skills     – Institutional
                              Competence
  – Technical and           – Solution of Problems
    Analytical Tools          and Implementation
                              of Policies
  – Stress on acquired      – Stress on the link
    knowledge                 between knowledge
                              and execution
  – Increase individual     – Increase sectoral
    capacity                  capacity
                              IV. Lessons Learned
Added Value of the OAS Technical Secretariat
 Legal Advantage
 Political Advantage
     Link between CIDI, Ministerials and Summits
 Better Connectivity
     Installed Capacity
     Network of Networks
 Economic Advantage
     Annual OAS subsidize: approx. US$30,000
 Managerial Advantage
     Administration of Voluntary Fund
     Secretariat of Meetings
     Historic Memory
 Technical Advantage
                   IV. Lessons Learned

 Horizontal Cooperation Strategy

•Connectivity
•Transference of Knowledge
•Network Management
                INDEX

I.   The Feasibility Study
II. The Social Network of Latin
    America and the Caribbean
III. CONARED – Knowledge Sharing
     and Advisory Network
IV. Lessons Learned
V.   Outline of the OAS Proposal
         V.   Outline of the OAS Proposal

The proposal is based on the accumulated
 experience of the OEST in:

1) The Social Network for Latin America
   and the Caribbean

2) CONARED

3) The Technical Secretariat of the
  IACML
           V.   Outline of the OAS Proposal



Proposal: to create an Inter-American Network
for Labor Administration (INLA), conceived as
an integral mechanism that shares knowledge
and relevant experiences for the strengthening
and modernization of labor administration vis-
à-vis the challenges of globalization
           V.   Outline of the OAS Proposal


The INLA shall be administered by the OAS
with the collaboration of ILO and in permanent
coordination and communication with the Min.
of Labor, COSATE and CEATAL, which shall
comprise the basic core of the Network.

 The INLA shall have some basic components,
 but its benefits are greater that those that
      can be achieved in each component
                 V.     Outline of the OAS Proposal
 Components of the Network:
 I. Inter-Institutional Coordinating Committee
  Participants: Authorities of the IACML (troika, and
  presidents and vice-presidents de WGs), COSATE,
  CEATAL and international organizations involved in the
  process.
  Objectives: define themes, establish concrete activities
  and responsibilities, set training possibilities and
  coordinate the different cooperation and technical
  assistance initiatives developed in the sub-regions of the
  Hemisphere.
The Coordination has two objectives: 1) to guarantee that
there is no duplication of efforts and 2) to add initiatives and
activities that could be harnessed in complementary ways
               V.    Outline of the OAS Proposal
Components of the Network:

II. Horizontal Cooperation Strategy

•   Systematization of programs and projects
    Two tools developed: the Permanent Portfolio of
    Consolidated Programs in the area of Labor and the
    Database of the USDOL/ILO project.

•   Workshops and Seminars for critical
    transference
    On-site workshops, bilateral or multilateral.
    Participation of officers, experts, researchers.
               V.    Outline of the OAS Proposal
Components of the Network:
III. Interactive Portal
• Information Component:
  •   Programs from the Ministries of Labor
  •   Cooperation Projects from international organizations
      – training courses.
  •   Financing sources and international contests to obtain
      resources.
  •   Researchers and experts’ database

• Interaction and Dialogue Component – Virtual
  Forum
               V.    Outline of the OAS Proposal
Preliminary Schedule of Activities:
Before the XIV IACML
•   Continuous updating of the IACML website
•   Design and support of the Virtual Forum
•   Updating the Portfolio of Consolidated Programs

Between the XIV and the XV IACML
•   Seminars to interchange experiences
•   Meetings of the Inter-Institutional Coordinating
    Committee
•   Update of the IACML website and incorporation of the
    database of the USDOL/ILO Project
•   Virtual Forums and Videoconferences
•   Update of the Portfolio of Consolidated Programs and
    database of technical cooperation projects
              V.    Outline of the OAS Proposal
Financing:
• OAS, in its capacity as administrator of the
  Network, offers its physical infrastructure and the
  services of its staff. During the first phase of
  activities the OAS shall completely cover all costs.

• After the XIV IACML, the in-kind contribution of
  the OAS shall be complemented with financial
  support that may cover the costs of specific
  activities: workshops, meetings, videoconferences.
  Also ensure that a junior professional and an
  assistant are hired to permanent update the
  information and maintenance of the interactive
  Portal.

				
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