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					SAT Vocabulary Words
yearling
     Definition
  young animal past its first
year and not yet two years old
Category:       animal

Function:

What goes with it:

Size/Shape:

Color:

Parts:
Composition:

Location:

Synonym:

Antonym: adult; mature

Use it in a sentence: John was surprised to see the yearling
beside the fawn.
kernel
Definition
 a grain or seed
Category:       food

Function: provides nourishment

What goes with it: soil; plant

Size/Shape: usually small

Color: any

Parts:
Composition:

Location:       anywhere

Synonym: nut; seed

Antonym:

Use it in a sentence: My mother doesn’t like it when the
microwave doesn’t pop all of the popcorn kernels.
isle
  Definition
an island – usually small
Category:      geography

Function:

What goes with it: water; land

Size/Shape: usually small

Color:

Parts:
Composition: land

Location:      anywhere there is water

Synonym: island; atoll; cay; key

Antonym: continent; ocean

Use it in a sentence: We visited the Isle of Roatan in
Honduras.
gauge
    Definition
an instrument for measuring
Category:       measurement; math

Function: measures something

What goes with it: numbers; weights;
       lengths; pounds
Size/Shape: any

Color: any

Parts: dial; needle/indicator
Composition: plastic; metal

Location:

Synonym: benchmark; guide; indicator;                 meter;
test
Antonym: guess; estimate; think

Use it in a sentence: My gas gauge on my car indicates that it’s
time to fill up!
abdomen
   Definition
 the cavity between the
diaphragm and the pelvis
Category:       body

Function:      provides a place for the organs – stomach, liver, etc.

What goes with it:

Size/Shape:

Color:

Parts:
Composition: human tissue

Location:     on the human body between the diaphragm & the
pelvis
Synonym: belly, gut, midriff, tummy

Antonym: back

Use it in a sentence: The man was holding his abdomen after
the accident.
berth
   Definition
a bunk or bed in a vessel,
     sleep-car, etc.
Category:       furniture

Function: provides a place to sleep

What goes with it: sheets; blankets; pillows; mattress

Size/Shape: any

Color: any

Parts: mattress; frame
Composition: plastic; metal; wood

Location: ship; boat; train

Synonym: bed; compartment; cot

Antonym: sleeping bag

Use it in a sentence: My sister wanted the top berth in our
stateroom on the ship.
ladle
    Definition
a “spoon” with a long handle
used to dip and pour liquids
Category:       utensils

Function: pours or dips liquids

What goes with it: liquids

Size/Shape: any

Color: any

Parts: handle; cup-shape
Composition: plastic; metal; wood

Location:

Synonym: spoon

Antonym: fork; knife

Use it in a sentence: Please use the wooden ladle to pour the
hot soup into the bowl.
obese
Definition
exceedingly fat
Category:       health

Function:

What goes with it:

Size/Shape:

Color:

Parts:
Composition:

Location:

Synonym: fat; heavy; paunchy; plump; pudgy

Antonym: thin; skinny; bony; underweight

Use it in a sentence: My cat is obese because he eats five times
a day.
fathom
    Definition
a measure of length, 6 feet
Category:       measurement

Function: measures depth (in water)

What goes with it:

Size/Shape:

Color: any

Parts:
Composition: water

Location: in water

Synonym: length; depth

Antonym: diameter; weight

Use it in a sentence: The boat’s anchor dropped four fathoms
to the ocean floor.
mane
    Definition
the long hair on the neck of
      certain animals
Category:      animal hair

Function:

What goes with it: animals

Size/Shape:

Color: any

Parts:
Composition: hair

Location: animal’s neck

Synonym: hair

Antonym: skin

Use it in a sentence: The lion’s mane was a reddish-brown
color.
dignitary
   Definition
one who holds a high rank
Category:       Very Important Person (VIP)

Function:

What goes with it:

Size/Shape:

Color:

Parts:
Composition:

Location:

Synonym: governor; general; mayor;          president

Antonym: soldier; secretary; citizen

Use it in a sentence: President and Mrs. Obama greeted the
dignitary from Japan.
                           By Jane Sellers, Ed.S., CCC-SLP, 2009

   GPS Standards:

   ELA6R2 The student understands and acquires new vocabulary and uses it
   correctly in reading and writing. The student

   a. Determines the meaning of unfamiliar words by using word, sentence,
   and paragraph clues.

   c. Identifies and interprets words with multiple meanings.

   d. Uses reference skills to determine pronunciations, meanings,
   alternate word choices, and parts of speech of words.



   ELA7R2 The student understands and acquires new vocabulary and uses it

   correctly in reading and writing. The student

   d. Determines word meanings through the use of definition, example,
   restatement, or contrast.



   ELA8R2 The student understands and acquires new vocabulary and uses it
   correctly in reading and writing. The student

   a.    Determines pronunciations, meanings, alternate word choices,
   parts of speech, or etymologies of words.

				
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posted:4/27/2013
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