Slave Trade

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					      Slave Trade
     Ch 4 Section 3
The buying and selling of human
    beings for forced labor.
               Exploring Africa
• Direct contact between Europeans and
  Africans occurred early in 1400’s
  – (they had been trading for years prior)
• Europeans looking for direct route to India
  – Prince Henry the Navigator
  – Bartholomeu Dias
  – Vasco da Gamma
• Brought trade goods and Christianity
        Trade in Human Beings
• Slavery existed for hundreds of years before
  European contact
  – Captives of warfare
  – To pay debts
  – Were treated as part of the community, not property

• During 1400’s demand for slaves was limited

That changed during the 1500’s due to…
• Mercantilism was an economic system of
  the major trading nations during the 16th,
  17th, and 18th cent.,
  – based on the premise that national wealth and
    power were best served by increasing exports
    and collecting precious metals in return.
         How does it work
In order for mercantilism to be successful, one
  must first create a favorable balance of trade.
  This was done by making sure your exports,
  or the items your country produces and sells,
  is more than those items that you buy.
            Triangular Trade
• The Atlantic trading network in which
  Europeans transported manufactured
  goods to the west coast of Africa.

• These goods were traded for slaves who
  were then sent off to work in the West
  Indies (America).

• Goods like sugar, molasses, rum, coffee
  and tobacco were then sent to Europe.
Triangular Trade
            Middle Passage
• the leg of the voyages from which slaves were
  taken from Africa and sent onward to the West
  Indies and North and South America. The
  conditions of the slave ships was inhumane at
  best. It is estimated that more than 20% of the
  slaves either died or committed suicide on the
• 9.5 million total slaves imported x 20% = more
  than1,900,000 Slaves died along the way.
Middle Passage
 Consequences of the Atlantic
        Slave Trade
• Many African nations lost entire
  generations of their fittest members.
• The introduction of gunpowder weapons
  also created chaos for many cultures.
• Greedy European merchants took the
  “young and able”
• Racism
• Slaves for Guns
        More Consequences
• led to years of warfare and chaos that still
  exists. In the Americas there continues to
  be large African-American populations. In
  South and Central America, the mixed-
  race population consists of a sizable

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