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Heritage Gardens (PDF)



August 2008  Vol. 18  Issue 8

Published by the Texas AgriLife Extension Service, Bexar County, for the Bexar County Master Gardener Volunteers & Our Partners  David Rodriguez, County Extension Agent—Bexar County Horticulture and Master Gardener Coordinator 

Heritage Gardens
By Numa Laiche, class 41
The Institute of Texan Cultures (ITC), an anchor exhibit for the 1968 Hemisphere, is now a teaching campus of the University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA). Using hands-on artifact exhibits and docent interpreters, ITC functions specifically to educate visitors about the cultures of Texas, from Paleolithic to Present. A major exhibit in this living museum is the Back-40 (B-40), which is a showplace of typical dwellings and other buildings from the 18th century. A dog-trot log cabin, barn, one room school house, adobe home, and barracks room make up the B-40. During the summer, the B-40 is staffed by tweens and teens dressed in 19th century period dress. They act as guides, perform reenactments, and provide visitors with historical information. Adult docents provide this service during the “school year.” But one thing was missing: there were no kitchen gardens for the dwellings. ITC requested Master Gardeners tackle this problem. After discussion with David, the project was approved in May 2007—and I got to work. ITC’s one caveat was that the gardens were to be historically accurate. As a historian and vocational anthropologist/ archaeologist, I found researching 19th century kitchen gardens to be easy and very rewarding. Although we requested MG volunteers, my wife Helois, (class 43), Judie Lopez (class 39), and I were the workforce for this project. Along with two members of the ITC staff we first built raised beds, using cedar logs as borders and planted our first fall garden in July 2007. But then, while enthusiastically waiting for our first garden to produce, I had to have open heart surgery. However, Helois and two members of the ITC staff bravely carried on. Is this Helois? In March we were able to look proudly at the results of the fall and planted a spring garden. We are now harvesting or have harvested beets, turnips, two varieties of onions, squash, carrots, garlic, herbs, tomatoes, and three varieties of corn, black beans, okra, and other goodies. The produce might look and taste a little different from what we are used to because the seed is from 18th and 19th century plant genes.

Numa tends one of his gardens.

The products of our endeavor are based on historical fact and, of course, the availability of the seed. Inca tomato seed is hard to find! The research and the end result were very enlightening, especially when one compares the hearsay of ethnic preferences to the historical facts that we discovered. We are now preparing for our fall gardens, expanding the log cabin garden to a typical Potager, the home garden of
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President Barbara Lutz 210-699-0663 Vice President Laura Rogers 210-375-0035 Treasurer Judy Hanna 210-658-0819 Secretary Jamie Daily 830-281-5251 Assistant Secretary Angel Torres 210-467-6575 Planning Director Sandy Justice 210-410-9099 Membership Coordinator Kathy Rice 210-496-2791 Publications Coordinator Jan Craven 210-698-1548 Publicity Coordinator Gladys Baker 210-614-4520 Volunteer Coordinator Mary Ann Johnson 210-497-5446 Development Director Donna Irwin 210-379-6520 Members at Large Lou Kellogg 647-4958 Ted Richie 675-0494 TX AgriLife Extension Svc. BCMG Coord: David Rodriguez Hort. Ofc. Asst.: Angel Torres Youth Coordinator: Hector Hernandez Jeremy Stavinoha 467-6575 Phone: 467-6575 (BCMG) FAX: 366-0535

August 2008
Hello Bexar County Master Gardeners, our partners and all the readers of the Extension Horticultural Educational newsletter THE SCION. Traditionally, July and August are the two hottest and driest months of the year. As we have seen this year, January through June was the driest ON RECORD for South Texas. So, it was a very welcome rain that prevented and minimized fires for the 4th of July weekend, especially when we have only received four inches of total rainfall to date for 2008. Remember, that the fall vegetable garden preparation and planting starts as early as late July and continues through mid-October. Heat setting tomatoes such as SunPride the 2007 Texas SuperStar, SunMaster, 444, Amelia, Celebrity, and if you can find them, Merced, Surefire and Heatwave are ready to be planted. Don’t skimp and get small transplants, but if you do, put them in larger containers to size them up and make sure you keep an eye on watering and fertilize as needed. A complete list of Extension fall recommended vegetables may be found at: On that site, there is also a link to: with other unusual specialty vegetables for planting cilantro, spaghetti squash, and even leeks (everyone needs to take one and grow it). If you are looking for information on seed suppliers and recommended varieties, visit this link: Here are a few simple hints and reminders for success with your fall vegetable garden. Make sure that the garden receives 8 to 10 hours of full intense sunlight. Leafy and root crops may tolerate fewer hours. Be careful about shade trees canopies and roots that can steal moisture and nutrients from the allocated area. Amend the planting area with up to 20% organic matter in the form of properly aged and decomposed manures and composts. Fertilize the initial planting areas with a 19-5-9, 50% slow-release nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of two-to-three pounds per 100 square feet. If an organic analysis is preferred, double that amount. Do not forget: vegetables are short term crops and in order to maximize yields, plants need to be side-dressed every three weeks with one-half to one full cup of 19-5-9, 50% slowrelease nitrogen fertilizer per 20 linear row feet. For best results, water thoroughly water in after fertilizing. If you want to share your expertise in vegetable gardening or simply want to learn more, contact me at 210-467-6575 because we are always looking for mentors and volunteers to support the Children’s Vegetable Garden Program at the San Antonio Botanical Garden. More information may be found at: Happy Gardening! On another note, if you have not marked your calendar for the Bi-monthly Horticulture Educational Seminar on Thursday, August 21, from 1:00-3:00 pm, please do so. Dr. Mark Black will be at the Extension Conference room giving a presentation on common plant diseases. So, come on by and bring those great questions as well as those unusual samples to be identified. Two CEUs will be offered. The Fall Master Gardener class #48 starts on Wednesday, August 25 at Texas AgriLife Extension Service Conference Room. Please, spread the word and if you know someone interested in the class, more information and an application may be found at: As always, thank you everyone for the hard work, loyalty and dedication to the Extension Horticulture Programs of Texas AgriLife Extension Service and Texas A&M System. Without the great support of all our volunteers, partners and friends, these programs would not be possible. Thanks! And Remember, Learn and Have Fun!

David Rodriguez      
  County Extension Agent—Horticulture and Bexar County Master Gardener Coordinator The information contained in this newsletter is for educational purposes only. References to products and trade names are for identification only and do not imply endorsement or criticism of similar products by Bexar County Master Gardeners or Texas AgriLife Extension Service.


Heritage Gardens

C o r n e r

August 2008
It was a hot and dry June, but early July brought some much needed rain. I hope you are harvesting this precious water. If you’re not doing so now, look into it. There is information available at our office. We really appreciate all the volunteers who have braved the heat this summer to help with events, speaking engagements and ongoing programs. Thanks for your time and effort. We are planning for upcoming events and really need your help to make them successful. The Fall Garden Fair at the San Antonio Botanical Garden is now going to be the Boo-tanical /Fall Festival in October. The Rodeo construction and participation will be in January and February. We also will be working on our State Master Gardener Award entries. If you would like to chair or volunteer for any of these activities, please contact me. Don’t forget to make your Birdies for Charity donations. We (BCMG) receive 100% of all donation and pledges to the Birdies for Charity program. You can donate by cash, check (made out to San Antonio Children’s Foundation or SCAF) or credit card (Visa, Mastercard or American Express) or online at Return your pledge form to: Texas Agrilife Extension Service Attention: Angel Torres 355 Cherry Ridge, Suite 212 San Antonio, TX 78230 Don’t forget to turn your hours in. You deserve to get credit for all you do.

(Continued from page 1)

Europe in the 18th and 19th century. We will add an all herb garden to the adobe house as a new exhibit Since August 2007, the B-40 has had over 9,000 visitors viewing the gardens. Unfortunately, with no Master Gardener signs posted, credit was only passed by word of mouth. If you are an “in the dirt” gardener, love history, and don’t mind working with the past, helping us with the B40 might be for you. Call me at 210-492-5393 and speak with me or Helois. You can also catch me on the hotline at the extension office on Monday mornings.
Numa Laiche, class 41 Water Restrictions are not yet upon us, but with this hot/dry weather, they are likely to be in our future.

Barbara Lutz

SAWS Water Restriction Guidelines:
Water before 10 am and after 8 pm Sprinkler and irrigation system usage is determined by the last number of your address and is allowed ONLY once a week on “your” day: 0-1 Monday 2-3 Tuesday 4-5 Wednesday 6-7 Thursday 8-9 Friday Hand-held watering is allowed at any



Master Gardener of the Month
Talking with Kathy Littlefield, our Master Gardener for the month of July is like getting a mini-lesson in the history of the Master Gardener Program in Bexar County. Kathy, a member of Class 3, has been a Master Gardener for seventeen years. During that time, she has experienced the evolution of the program from a small group of volunteers into the larger organization that it is today. Kathy’s first area of interest was the Classroom Gardening Program. In the early years every Master Gardener had to visit schools and help teachers establish and maintain classroom gardens. Kathy served, first, as assistant chairman and then chairman of the program, which is now headed by a paid employee of the Bexar County Extension Service. Kathy was also manager of the Schultz House Gift Shop for six years, a participant in the Community Gardens project, the Terrarium Program, Xeriscape Program and an instructor for workshops for classroom teachers who come on Saturdays to learn about the Classroom Garden Program, and still participates in this training. One of Kathy’s greatest contributions to the Bexar County Master Gardener Organization has been in the form of leadership. She has twice served as President of the organization and has held the offices of First and Second Vice President and Recording Secretary. In addition, she has managed the Speakers Bureau, for which she has been a regular contributor. Service hours and continuing education units have not been a problem for Kathy. She usually logs in more than 300 volunteer hours, and she regularly attends the State Master Gardener Convention, for which participants are awarded up to 12 CEUs. Such dedication was rewarded in 1999, when Kathy was selected as the Texas Master Gardener of the Year, with over 2000 volunteer hours to her credit. Kathy’s own specialties are container gardening and hanging baskets. She loves to put together a variety of plants to create the kind of flower arrangements that all of us admire in area nurseries. She also enjoys working with children to help them create terrariums. One of her own terrarium creations won Best of Show in the Fiesta Flower Show, and she has garnered other prizes for her creations as well. When asked what volunteer project she enjoys most, Kathy does not hesitate to reply that she loves working with children in the Classroom Gardens Program. Since her grandparents owned a farm, Kathy experienced the joys of working with plants from an early age on, but city children many times grow up knowing very little about gardening. She has found that children, who would not normally eat vegetables, will eat the vegetables they have grown. She has seen children who are discipline problems in the traditional classroom get rid of their frustrations as they work with soil, seeds, and seedling plants. Thanks to this caring and creative Master Gardener many young people have had their lives enriched by her patient tutoring. Kathy is an asset both to the Master Gardeners of Bexar County and to the community at large. Ann Caldwell, JMG class 1

Birdies for Charity
Have you sent in your Birdies
for Charity pledge? It not, please take a few minutes to fill out a pledge form and send it in. Remember, 100% of the money pledged through our organization comes back to us. Plus, if we are the top fundraiser for a particular week we earn an additional $500. Birdies for Charity also has several other incentive programs that we may be eligible for a part of. We can also apply for one of the $100,000 grants. Since our organization does not collect dues, many of our Master Gardeners think of their contribution to Birdies as their dues. Also you might be the one who guesses the correct number of birdies for the Valero Open and win a new car. If you misplaced your pledge form, we have a supply at the office and they will be available at the General Meeting. If you have any questions about the Birdies program, contact Barbara Lutz at 699-0663 or

Scion Changes…
The Board is considering a proposal to distribute The Scion to Master Gardeners and friends via email with a link to the website where The Scion will be posted. If you would like to receive a paper copy of The Scion delivered by US mail, please complete this form and return it, by mail or in person to: Angel Torres Texas AgriLife Extension Service 3355 Cherry Ridge Dr., Ste 212 San Antonio, TX 78230 I would like THE SCION delivered by US MAIL. Name:_____________________ Class: _____________________ Address: ___________________ City: ______________________ Zip: ______________________



August Gardening Chores
August, the hottest and driest month, is deep summer in San Antonio. Good xeriscape plants will make it through the month without supplemental watering; others will need conscientious watering to stay prosperous. August is the month when good mulching makes a major difference.

BIRDS AND WILDLIFE • Move the hummingbird feeders to the patio with firebush, salvia, hibiscus and dwarf Chinese trumpet creeper. • Change your sugar water every week. Pour the old liquid in a shallow dish for the butterflies. • Keep birdbaths full. COLOR • It’s time to plant mari-mums. Get transplants that haven’t bloomed yet. • Seed zinnias and sunflowers this month. • Lantanas, firebush, purslane, portulaca and periwinkles are prospering in the heat. • Watch for spider mites. If you find them, control with a miticide. • Maintain bloom on the crape myrtles and vitex by removing (deadheading) the spent blooms. You’ll get two-to-three times the number of blooms the next time around. • Lantana bloom can be rejuvenated with a string trimmer once per month. • Bougainvilleas love the summer Texas heat. If they’re root bound in the pot, even better. Wait until they just start to wilt before watering—this could be every day depending on the pot and the plant. • Maintain the mulch layer at two-to-four inches to help avoid soil moisture loss. • Prune the roses back, but not as heavily as you did last spring. Apply a good rose food and water it in well. Stand back and wait for the fall blush of bloom. If you have hybrid tea roses, maintain or resume your spraying regimen for black spot and insects. • Trim back overgrown or leggy spring-planted annuals such as petunias and impatiens to encourage new flushes of growth and renewed flower production. Add two pounds of a slow release fertilizer such as 19-5-9 per 100 square feet after pruning. • To prevent leaf-fungal problems, water only when the leaves will have time to dry off before nightfall. Better yet, water only the soil and not the leaves. FRUITS AND NUTS • For full production, pecan trees need one inch of water over the entire root area. Fruit trees can be maintained with less after the harvest but also require one inch per week for fall production. • Apply borer spray to the peach trees this month. For a good crop next year, you want the leaves to last until November so watch for web worms and rust. Use Bt on the web worms and a good fungicide for the rust. • Early apples are ready for harvest. • Prune the spent canes from the blackberries. • After harvest, a deep watering on the peach and plum trees once per month will help develop a good crop next spring. • ORNAMENTALS • Moy Grande hibiscus produces 12-inch blooms in full sun. • Gold Star esparanza produces fragrant yellow flowers clear up until frost.

• If you have Bermuda grass in the flower beds, use Grass Be Gone or similar products. If you follow directions, it will kill only the Bermuda grass and not hurt the flowers. • Stake or support larger-growing plants that have become heavy or are leaning over. SHADE TREES AND SHRUBS • Around here, cotton root rot is stimulated by hot soil temperatures. Cottonwoods, roses, Chinese pistache, sycamore and okra are very susceptible while most native plants are resistant. It kills plants so fast that their leaves are still on the plant. There is no effective treatment although native plants are less susceptible. • This is the second-best time to prune live oak trees. The oak wilt fungus spores and nitilid beetles are not active in hot or cold weather. Be sure to immediately paint any cuts you make with a latex paint. • Vigorous-growing shrubs such as pyracantha, photinia, eleagnus, privet or ligustrum may need to be pruned regularly to keep them within bounds. • If you have scale problems on your shrubs, use light summer oil. Follow the directions on the label. • If your trees are dropping leaves, it’s OK. They’re just adjusting to the water supply and the heat. • Fall webworms may appear on pecan, mulberry, ash, persimmon, and other trees. The biological spray Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt.) provides control but a new, longer-lasting fungal metabolite is now available. It is an insect nerve agent named Spinosad and sold as Fertilome Borer, Bagworm, Leafminer, and Tent Caterpillar Spray. It is also labeled for use on fire ants. Spinosad is sold


for use on fireants. Spinosad is sold as mail-order from Gardens Alive as Bulls-Eye BioInsecticide. • Windmill palm, Mexican fan palm and Sabal palm are especially well-adapted to this area, and now is a good time to plant them. Palms require warm soil to establish their root systems. TURF GRASS • In August, all grasses require some water to stay green. Check out the San Antonio Water System’s web site to find out how much water the grass in your yard needs. If you have Bermuda grass, zoysia or buffalo grass, you don’t need to water…it’ll just go dormant until it rains again. • When you see your footprints in the grass, it’s time to water. Do it early in the morning and water deeply. Shallow watering causes shallow roots which are easy to damage. • Grub worms eat the roots of grass plants. If you can lift a piece of sod and if you see three or more grub worms in a square foot, you’ve got a problem. Treat with a good pesticide that lists grubs on the label. • Chinch bugs do their damage in the hottest part of summer in the hottest part of the lawn; i.e., close to the house, driveway, or sidewalks. It looks kind of moth-eaten and doesn’t respond to watering. Cut the top and bottom out of a coffee can, place it about 1 inch into the soil and fill it with water. If little bugs float to the top, they’re probably chinch bugs. Treat with a good pesticide and be sure to follow the directions. More is not better. • There is still time to establish a new lawn, but don’t wait much longer. If we have an early freeze, it could kill it or at least put a major hurt on it. It might be best to wait until spring. • Remember when laying new sod; roll the turf to insure good soil-root contact and water thoroughly on a daily basis until the grass is established -- in a week or 10 days. Bermuda grass can be seeded now (August is the last chance to plant Bermuda grass seed); use some of the improved Bermuda grass seed such as Sahara or Cheyenne. VEGETABLES • Early August is the best time to start planting the fall garden. Use transplants for tomatoes and peppers, and direct seed corn and beans later in the month. Protect the young transplants from the hot sun with a light fabric like Gro-web or even an old sheer curtain…anything to provide just a little shade. • Plant pumpkins in early August for Halloween jack-o-lanterns. Be sure to get the 90-day variety. • Other popular vegetable crops to plant in August for fall production are cucumbers, eggplants, lima beans, black-eye peas, peppers, and squash. • If you’ve had nematode problems in the veggie beds, now is the time to “solarize” them. Tilt the soil, wet it down and then place clear plastic over the entire bed. Weight the edges down with soil and let it cook for several weeks. It’ll basically just pasteurize the top few inches of the bed. Tom Harris, class 13

11am to provide youth, ages 8 – 13, with a complete gardening experience. It is not necessary to commit to every Saturday. If Saturday does not fit your schedule and you want to participate in this program let David know. He will put you on the list to be contacted when help is needed other than Saturday August 30 - September 7: Parade of Homes at Cibolo Canyons. Contact Laura Rogers (h) 375-0035, (c) 317-5117 or The 2008 Parade of Homes is located at the intersection of Bulverde Rd and Stone Oak. This year’s theme is “Green.” SAWS and BCMG will be promoting water efficiency both indoors and out. This event will require at least three volunteers per shift. Volunteers may tour the homes before or after their shift: Shifts for Aug 30-Sep 1: morning 8 11:30am, afternoon 11am - 3:30pm, evening 3 – 6pm. Shifts for Sep 2-4: afternoon 2:30 – 6pm, evening 5:30 – 9pm. Shifts for Sep 5: morning 11:30am – 3pm, afternoon 2:30 - 7pm, evening 6:30 – 10pm. Shifts for Sep 6-7: morning 8 – 11:30am, afternoon 11am – 3:30pm, evening 3 – 6pm. September 6: Teachers’ Training for Classroom Garden Program. Contact: Hector Hernandez, Youth Gardens Educator, 467-6575. Hector may revise the activities from previous years. If planning to volunteer and do not have email, contact Hector or Mary Ann 497-5446 for information concerning specific volunteer needs. October 19: BCMG Fall Festival/Bootanica at the San Antonio Botanical Garden. Contact Mary Ann Johnson 4975446/ Beginning this year, we will partner with Boo-tanica instead of our annual November “Fall Garden Festival.” We will still have many of the same venues as in past years with the exception of the children’s vegetable judging. The festival is in the early planning stages. If you want to volunteer but do not have email contact Mary Ann 497-5446 for information updates prior to the September SCION.

Volunteer Opportunities
August 23 – December 13: Children’s Vegetable Program at the San Antonio Botanical Garden. Contact David Rodriguez 210-467-6575 or Instructors and Volunteers meet Saturday mornings 8 –


Garden Book Review
The Gardener as Researcher: Polar Flora; or, Escape from the High 90s Antarctica: Exploring the Extreme: 400 Years of Adventure.
By Marilyn J. Landis. 396 pages. Chicago Review Press, 2001. Chapter 13: The Hub of Gondwana. San Antonio Public Library call number: 919.8904 LANDIS


A Special Heartbeat
by Ed Bradley, class 36

The World of the Polar Bear.
By Norbert Rosing. 175 pages. Firefly Books, 1996. San Antonio Public Library call number: 599.786 ROSING

I am finishing this column over the Fourth of July weekend, when an inch of rain rescued San Antonio from the "exceptional drought" category. Even if you had planned an outdoor barbeque, wasn't the rain a holiday in itself? But it's still hot, so this month's review offers another form of plant-escape. Last winter, I was researching Antarctica, pretending that Texas actually gets cold in January. This month, I want to introduce you to a plantscape you’ve probably never seen, except maybe in National Geographic or on the Travel Channel: the north and south Polar Regions. Neither of the books reviewed here are garden books, because there are no gardens to speak of at the poles. But this month let's beat the heat and go polar, if only in imagination. Antarctica has neither flowers nor seeds, although you may be as surprised as I was to learn that both existed there during the great flowering of angiosperms (about 100 million years ago). Early in the earth's history, Antarctica was part of a large land mass, now called Gondwana, with temperate weather and what Landis calls “swamp flora,” when “Southern beech forests and flowering plants flourished” (pp. 310-311). The Antarctic fern Glossopteris, now known only through fossils, grew also in what is now India, Africa, and South America (p. 306). Then the continents separated; Antarctica grew colder and drier, and now only lichens, bryophytes, and phytoplankton are left there. Think of it as west Texas desert, but emptier, more mountainous, blue-white, and below zero: beauty in the eye of the beholder. On the other side of the world, the Arctic Circle florascape is slightly more familiar to us. Many of the types of plants we have here grow in the Arctic, though in much less variety and abundance. Among the conifer forests are small flowering plants which are blooming this summer in red, yellow, and violet. Some look surprisingly like local wildflowers: Arnica alpina, for example, resembles a yellow blanketflower with a dandelionish seedhead (Rosing pp. 92-93). Their very names are refreshingly cool: purple mountain saxifrage, Lapland rosebay, northern lady's slipper. Alas for gardeners, most of Rosing’s book is devoted to the Arctic animal world, with only a few photographs of flowers. But those few are lovely pictures, and the flowers are pretty. (The 2006 edition unfortunately deleted the text about flora, though it did keep the pictures.) Next month I'll be back from my imaginative vacation through time, geography, and weather, with more practical garden books. Until then, Patricia Brown, class 45

Most successful organizations depend heavily on dedicated volunteers. This is especially true for non-profit organizations, such as our Bexar County Master Gardeners. Our whole organization is voluntary – officers, board members, committee chairs, committee members, and all those who “make it happen.” Volunteers truly have a special heartbeat – one that not only inspires them, but also inspires others, to action. Pay and benefits cannot generate such inspiration and dedication. Pay for volunteers are simply the knowledge and feeling of self-accomplishment, selfesteem, and knowing that somehow “you have made a difference.” Salary cannot give one that deep, satisfying feeling. If you regularly support our programs, you already know this feeling. If you do not, then you don’t know what you’re missing. When it comes to volunteering, there is no small job. Every job is important – the person who does it is a vital part of a dynamic team. Everyone is qualified to be a volunteer. College degrees and sophisticated skillsets aren’t required. A “can-do” attitude, combined with compassion and willingness to help wherever you can is a simple skill-set that can move mountains (and build gardens). Our volunteers have accomplished much this year already – successfully completing Rodeo 2008, Children’s Gardens, Youth School Programs, Japanese Tea Garden, and many projects that are not as visible, plus having a presence at other gardening events. There are many ongoing opportunities for willing hearts and hands to contribute. Don’t be shy – just say YES – and experience that special heartbeat of a VOLUNTEER.
“The heart of a volunteer is not measured in size, but by the depth of the commitment to make a difference in the lives of others.” DeAnn Hollis


Bexar County Master Gardeners, Inc.    3355 Cherry Ridge Drive, Suite 208  San Antonio, TX  78230‐4818      




HOMEOWNER’S HOTLINE (200) Angel Torres 467-6575 TERRARIUM/ECOSYSTEM (100) Lani Ord 493-6375 PLANT CLINIC ON WATERSAVER LANE SA BOTANICAL (200) Pat Brown 653-4999 SCHULTZE HOUSE GIFT SHOP (200) Barbara Lozier 789-1434 SCHULTZE HOUSE COTTAGE GARDEN (200) “Smitty” 698-9767, Pat Harris 226-6150 SPEAKER’S BUREAU (200) Carol Law 681-3029, CHILDREN’S SPEAKER BUREAU (100) Barbara Davis and Carol White MADISON SCHOOL CLASSROOM GARDEN (100) Paul Gates CHILDREN’S GARDEN @ BOTANICAL GARDEN (100) David Rodriguez 467-6575 WATER CONSERVATION(300) Sandy Justice 200-8861, cell 410-9099; Laura Rogers 375-0035, cell 317-5117 MANY HANDS MAKE LIGHT WORK (400) Holly Julian 764-1767 HEMISFAIR HORTICULTURE GROUP (300) Maria Salvatierra 830-460-8213 TELEPHONE TREE (400) Margarita Thompson 653-5310 or

On the schedule…
August 21 Educational Seminar
Speaker: Dr. Mark Black


Bring samples and questions

Learn About Plant Diseases (2 CEUs)
Extension Conference room RSVP to Angel Torres 467-6575


August 27

Fall Master Gardener class 48 begins
Extension Conference room

September 4

Hotline Training
Extension conference room RSVP to Angel Torres 467-6575 b 1 G l


Texas AgriLife Extension Service programs serve people of all ages regardless of socioeconomic level, race, color, sex, religion, disability, or national origin by “Improving the lives of people, businesses, and communities across Texas and beyond through highquality, relevant education.” In Partnership and support of The Texas A&M System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating.

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