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					Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX)
Headline findings for Finland and Europe
1) Key findings for Finland and Europe

2) Areas of interest for Finland

3) MIPEX in context
 What is MIPEX?



o Bi-annual assessment of integration policy

o In an enlarging number of key areas critical to migrant’s opportunities to integrate

o In the enlarging European Union and ‘third’ countries of immigration

o Benchmarked to the highest, newest European standards

    o The largest study of its kind examining 140 policy indicators

    o A wide community was consulted to construct the study, experts in 28 countries
      across Europe and Canada

    o Study is almost four times the size of the pilot in 2004
         o From EU15 countries to 28 countries
         o From 80 indicators (specifics on policy) to 140 in this study
                                                                                       4
3) Key findings for Finland and Europe

Policies make or break a migrant’s opportunities to integrate and…
Access the labour market
Settle with their families
Become a long term resident
Participate in democracy
Become nationals
Be protected from racism and discrimination
EU halfway to ‘best practice’, FI ‘slightly favourable’
                                                                              1       Sweden

                                           Overview - EU                      2       Portugal
                                                                              3       Belgium
                                                                              4       Netherlands
•   SE’s policies ‘favourable’ (best on every strand and 100% on access to    5=      Finland
    labour market)                                                                    Canada
                                                                              7       Italy
•   Most favourable results in Nordics (except DK), BENELUX (except LUX),     8       Norway
    Western Mediterranean, UK & CA                                            9       United Kingdom
                                                                              10      Spain
•   EU ‘best’ on allowing immigrants to become long-term residents            EU-15
                                                                              11=     Slovenia
•   ‘Least favourable’ on access to nationality and political participation           France
                                                                                      Luxembourg
                                                                              14=     Germany
                                                                                      Ireland
                                                                              EU-25
                                                                              16      Switzerland
                                                                              17=     Hungary
                                                                                      Czech Republic
                                                                              19      Estonia
                                                                              20      Lithuania
                                                                              21=     Poland
                                                                                      Denmark
                                                                              EU-10
                                                                              23      Malta
                                                                              24=     Slovakia
                                                                                      Greece
                                                                                                       6
                                                                              26=     Austria
                                                                                      Cyprus
                                                                              28      Latvia
    EU halfway to ‘best practice’, FI ‘slightly favourable’
                                                                                        1       Sweden

                                                  Overview - EU                         2       Portugal
                                                                                        3       Belgium
                                                                                        4       Netherlands
    •     SE’s policies ‘favourable’ (best on every strand and 100% on access to        5=      Finland
          labour market)                                                                        Canada
                                                                                        7       Italy
    •     Most favourable results in Nordics (except DK), BENELUX (except LUX),         8       Norway
          Western Mediterranean, UK & CA                                                9       United Kingdom
                                                                                        10      Spain
    •     EU ‘best’ on allowing immigrants to become long-term residents                EU-15
                                                                                        11=     Slovenia
    •     ‘Least favourable’ on access to nationality and political participation               France
                                                                                                Luxembourg
    •     FI ‘favourable’ on political participation, least favourable on nationality   14=     Germany
                                                                                                Ireland
    •     Other strands ‘slightly favourable’
                                                                                        EU-25
                                                                                        16      Switzerland
                                                                                        17=     Hungary
                                                                                                Czech Republic
                                                                                        19      Estonia

- Finns 2nd most                                                                        20
                                                                                        21=
                                                                                                Lithuania
                                                                                                Poland
likely after SE to find                                                                         Denmark

diversity an                                                                            EU-10
                                                                                        23      Malta
enrichment to their                                                                     24=     Slovakia

national culture…                                                                       26=
                                                                                                Greece
                                                                                                Austria
                                                                                                                 7

        *Eurobarometer 65.4 (2006)                                                              Cyprus
                                                                                        28      Latvia
     More favourable for migrant residents with work than those looking for work…

                                           Access the labour market
 •   In FI, like most EU countries…
       –   If an employer wants you, can
           stay and access trade unions
       –   Best practice on security and
           rights
       –   But if you cannot or do not
           find work, only halfway there
       –   Certain restrictions on access
           to employment, self-
           employment and training

- FI, DK, SE least
supportive* of EU-27
of expelling migrants
who become
unemployed…
       *Eurobarometer 59.2 (2003)




                                                                                    8
    Families have equal rights as their sponsor, but countries diverge on who is eligible

                                          Settle with their families
•   In FI, like most EU countries…
      –   Few tests, but other
          restrictive conditions, e.g.
          must have a job or sufficient
          financial support
      –   But then, most family
          members have equal access
          as their sponsor to take up
          jobs or further their
          education




                                                                                            9
     Families have equal rights as their sponsor, but countries diverge on who is eligible

                                           Settle with their families
 •   In FI, like most EU countries…
       –   Few tests, but other
           restrictive conditions, e.g.
           must have a job or sufficient
           financial support
       –   But then, most family
           members have equal access
           as their sponsor to take up
           jobs or further their
           education


 •   But also in FI…
       –   New procedural time limits
       –   Equal access as sponsors,
           but autonomous residence
           permits only for spouses




- Over 2/3* of Finns
support right to
family reunion…                                                                          10
       *Eurobarometer 59.2 (2003)
    Policies worst score for EU, unfavourable for EU-10

                                           Participate in democracy
•   Divergences between most EU
    countries…
      –   Big split on whether to grant
          migrants the right to vote and
          stand in local elections
      –   ... or consult migrants on
          issues that matter to them
      –   6 Eastern European countries
          deny full political liberties




                                                                      11
    Policies worst score for EU, unfavourable for EU-10

                                            Participate in democracy
•   Divergences between most EU
    countries…
      –    Big split on whether to grant
           migrants the right to vote and
           stand in local elections
      –    ... or consult migrants on
           issues that matter to them
      –    6 Eastern European countries
           deny full political liberties
•   In FI...
      –    Best practice on political
           liberties and electoral rights
      –    Structural consultations (but
           Helsinki?), reps not freely
           elected




                                                                       12
    Europe best promotes integration by allowing migrants to be long-term residents…

                                    Becoming a Long-term resident
•   In FI, like most countries…
      –   Migrants wait no more than 5
          years to become long-term
          residents
      –   Gain equal rights as
          nationals to employment,
          social security, healthcare,
          etc.
      –   But again must prove that
          they have sufficient financial
          resources (sometimes a job)




                                                                                       13
    Europe best promotes integration by allowing migrants to be long-term residents…

                                     Becoming a Long-term resident
•   In FI, like most countries…
      –   Migrants wait no more than 5
          years to become long-term
          residents
      –   Gain equal rights as
          nationals to employment,
          social security, healthcare,
          etc.
      –   But again must prove that
          they have sufficient financial
          resources (sometimes a job)
•   But also in FI…
      –   3rd most favourable security
      –   ‘Halfway’ rights, 21st, due to
          recognition of skills
          procedures and free
          movement rights




                                                                                       14
    …but scores worst on promoting integration by allowing them to become nationals

                                     Becoming a national
•   In FI, like most countries…
      –   Long waiting periods for
          migrants to naturalise
      –   Little facilitation for
          European-born children
          and grandchildren
      –   Applications rejected on
          many grounds and
          nationality withdrawn




                                                                                      15
     …but scores worst on promoting integration by allowing them to become nationals

                                        Becoming a national
 •   In FI, like most countries…
       –   Long waiting periods for
           migrants to naturalise
       –   Little facilitation for
           European-born children
           and grandchildren
       –   Applications rejected on
           many grounds and
           nationality withdrawn
 •   But also in FI…
       –   3rd best security
       –   Time limit of 5 years (SE)




- Only 1/3* of Finns
support facilitated
naturalisation…                                                                        16
      *Eurobarometer 59.2 (2003)
     Fighting discrimination on paper, in practice?

                                Be protected from racism and discrimination
 •   In FI, like most countries…
       – Protection against ethnic
            discrimination across Europe
       – Best practice withethnic,
            religious, and nationality
            discrimination punished in all
            areas of life (PT, SE, UK)
       – Big gaps on enforcement:
            cases drag on over a year,
            limited role for NGOs
       – States inactive on promoting
            equality in their work
       – Active state (info & dialogue),
            but limited legal standing and
            powers of Ombudsmen


- 2/3* think more
action needed
- Some of most
informed on law (SE,
NL, UK)
- Most informed on
rights as victim                                                              17
       * Eurobarometer 65.4 (2006)
2) Areas of interest for Finland
Areas of Interest for Finland


                                - Eligibility to access the labour market
                                (SE, EE)

                                -Rights associated with long-term residence
                                (NO, PT)

                                -Facilitated access to nationality for Finnish-born
                                2nd and 3rd generation
                                (BE, CA, FR, PT)

                                - Conditions for naturalisation
                                (SE, PT)

                                - Standing and powers of equality bodies
                                (CA, SE, UK, NL)




                                                                                19
3) MIPEX in context
    Who is MIPEX?

A community of stakeholders who are supported by the European Commission
o Under INTI – Preparatory Actions for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals

The Managing Partners:.


The Scientific Partners were involved in designing the content of the index:
•   2 European-wide research partners (University of Sheffield & Université Libre de Bruxelles)
•   5-person Scientific Advisory Committee (J. Arango, R. Bauböck, V. Guiraudon, G.
   Kolanciewicz, M. Martiniello)
•   28 national correspondents and 28 peer reviewers

•   And 21 national partners in 19 countries help us set up the debates in each country:




                                                                                           21
    Research process

  1) Score country on 140 policy indicators ( 28 National correspondents)

  2) Peer review the scores (2nd independent expert)

  3) Resolve any differences (both with MPG research team)

           …Meanwhile, collect contextual data (research partners)

  FAMILY REUNION                                                    3      Ireland                      2        Slovakia                  1   Slovakia
  Eligibility for sponsor’s                                                                                                   Age limits and/or
                                                  Both. No conditions apply*                  Spouse only**
  spouse & registered partner                                                                                                 Other conditions apply***


* EC Directive on the right to family reunification, Ch. 11, Art 4.1(a), ILPA/MPG Proposed Directive on Family Reunion, Ch.II, Art. 6.1,
** EC Directive on the right to family reunification, Ch.II, 4.3
*** EC Directive on the right to family reunification, Ch.II, Art.4,5
Upcoming events are mostly focused on encouraging
and bringing facts to local and EU/Canadian debates

15 October:    Brussels press conference
16 October:    Lisbon launch
17 October:    London launch
21 November:   EU debate: European Policy Centre conference

October 07 –   25 events in 21 countries, e.g. debates at National Parliaments
March 08:      Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona,
               Berlin, Brussels, Budapest, Dublin,
               Helsinki, Ljubljana, Luxembourg,
               Madrid, Neuchâtel, Oslo, Ottawa, Prague,
               Rome, Stockholm, Vienna, Warsaw

March 2008:    Concluding Paris launch and review, with national
               partners



                                                                            23
www.integrationindex.eu

See the overall results

Explore profiles for your
country and for 27 others




                            Thank you for your attention.

				
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