Mid-Term Review

Document Sample
Mid-Term Review Powered By Docstoc
					Goals 1-4
            1
2
 The two main reasons for settling the
 British colonies were religious freedom
 and money




                                           3
The three sections of the American
Colonies developed differently:

 New England’s economy focused on
  shipping, trading and manufacturing
 Middle Colonies were know as the
  “bread basket” because they grew
  grains, wheat and corn
 Southern Colonies focused on cash
  crop (tobacco and cotton) farming for
  their economy
                                          4
 Mercantilism is the idea that a country
 increases its wealth through trade and
 the development of colonies.
 Establishing a favorable balance of
 trade where exports (goods you sell) are
 greater than imports (goods you buy)
 increases wealth.

                                            5
 Triangular trade route connected
 England, Colonies, and Africa




                                     6
 The middle passage was the leg of the
 triangular trade route that brought
 slaves from Africa to the New World




                                          7
 Maryland Act of Toleration was the
 first document to establish freedom of
 religion for all Christians in the
 colonies




                                          8
 The Mayflower Compact established
 self-rule for the Pilgrims in
 Massachusetts, direct democracy




                                      9
 The Virginia House of Burgesses was
 the first representative assembly in the
 colonies




                                            10
 The Fundamental Orders of
 Connecticut was the first written
 colonial constitution




                                     11
 The French and Indian War caused
 England to raise taxes in the colonies,
 which caused boycotts and riots (Boston
 Massacre & Boston Tea Party), which
 caused the Intolerable Acts, which caused
 the Battles of Concord and Lexington,
 which were the first shots of the American
 Revolution (the shot heard round the
 world)
                                              12
 The John Peter Zenger Trial established
 freedom of the Press in the colonies




                                            13
 Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of
 Independence explained to the King
 why the colonies were breaking away.
 He was influence by the theories of
 John Locke (Life, Liberty, and
 Property)


                                        14
 Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense
 which helped unify the colonies to
 fight England




                                      15
 The Articles of Confederation was the
 first government of the Colonies and
 had a number of weaknesses,
 including: No national judiciary (court
 system), No common currency
 between states, and No chief executive
 (President), no power to tax

                                           16
 Shay’s Rebellion (MA farmers rebelled)
 illustrated that the government under
 the Articles of Confederation was too
 weak for America.




                                           17
 The Virginia Plan wanted
 representation in Congress to be
 decided by a State’s Population (like
 the House of Representatives)




                                         18
 The New Jersey Plan wanted
 representation in Congress to be based
 equally for each state (like the Senate-2
 Senators per state)




                                             19
 Great Compromise combined the
 Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan and
 created a bicameral (2 house) Congress




                                          20
 3/5 Compromise meant that 3 out of
 every 5 slaves would count toward
 taxation and representation




                                       21
 Federalists supported the ratification
 (approval) of the Constitution, Anti-
 Federalists did not
   The Bill of Rights was added to the
    Constitution to gain the support of
    the Anti-Federalists


                                           22
 Anarchy means there is no law




                                  23
 Monarchy means a King or Queen
 holds most of the power and is handed
 down the family




                                         24
 Dictatorship means one person holds
 all of the power




                                        25
26
 The “Preamble” of the Constitution
 states the purpose of our government




                                        27
 The six principles our government is
 based on are Popular Sovereignty,
 Limited Government, Separation of
 Powers, Checks and Balances,
 Federalism, and Flexibility.



                                         28
 The Legislative Branch makes the laws,
 Executive Branch enforces the laws, the
 Judicial Branch interprets the laws




                                           29
 A Bill must pass in both houses of Congress to
 become a law. It must be (1) presented, (2) sent to
 committee, (3) returned to the floor for debate and
 vote, and (4) sent to the Conference Committee to
 iron out differences in the two versions (created in
 HoR and Senate) before it goes to the President. If
 the President vetoes (rejects) the bill it will not
 become a law unless it is passed by a 2/3rds vote in
 both Houses to override the President’s veto. Most
 Bills die in the Committee stage of the process.


                                                    30
 Judicial Review is the power of the
 Courts to declare acts of the other
 branches of government
 unconstitutional




                                        31
 The Executive Office of the President,
 The Cabinet, and the Executive
 Agencies (Government Agencies) all
 help the President run the country




                                           32
 Expressed Powers are clearly written in
 the Constitution, while Implied Powers
 are not clearly defined in the
 Constitution




                                            33
 Enumerated or Delegated Powers are
 for the Federal Gov’t, Reserved Powers
 are the powers kept by the States, and
 Concurrent Powers are the powers that
 both State and Federal Governments
 exercise.


                                          34
 The President serves 7 roles:
   Commander-in-Chief,
   Chief Diplomat,
   Chief Executive,
   Party leader,
   Legislative Leader,
   Chief of State,
   Judicial leader

                                  35
 The elastic clause (necessary and
 proper clause) allows government to
 expand its power




                                       36
 Checks and balances occurs when one
 branch of government can limit what
 the other branches can do
   (ex: President vetoes a bill from
    Congress)



                                        37
38
 The largest source of revenue (money
 taken in) from NC’s budget comes from
 income tax, while its greatest
 expenditure (money spent) is
 education.



                                         39
 The Governor is the chief executive of
  the state and has the power of line item
  veto (rejecting a portion of a bill) while
  the President does not.
 The Governor does not have diplomatic
  power since his power is only within
  the state.
                                           40
 The requirements for the office of
 Governor are US citizen for 5 years
 (with two of them being the two years
 before the election), 30 years old. The
 Governor may only serve two
 consecutive terms, while the President
 may only serve two terms period

                                           41
 The legislative body of the state is
 called the General Assembly, while the
 legislative body of the county is called
 Board of Commissioners.




                                            42
 The North Carolina Supreme Court is
 the state’s highest court. The court has
 a chief justice and six associate justices
 who are elected to 8-yr terms. Two
 landmark decisions were State v. Mann
 (1829) (slaves were property) and
 Leandro v. North Carolina (1997)
 (sound education for all).
                                              43
 Gerrymandering is when the General
 Assembly redraws voting districts
 favoring one party over another.




                                       44
 Annexation is when a city adds more
 land to its boundaries to expand its tax
 base and its services.




                                            45
46
The political spectrum




 Radical   Liberal   Moderate   Conservative   Reactionary




     Democra                           Republic
     t                                 an

                                                         47
 The majority of private funding for a
 candidate when running for election
 comes from Political Action
 Committees (PACs).




                                          48
 Propaganda techniques are glittering
 generalities (meaningless statement),
 bandwagon (trying to make it seem
 that everyone is voting for you),
 stacked cards (presenting only one side
 of an issue), name calling (attack ads
 negative) just plain folks (try to look
 like the average Joe).
                                           49
 A plank is a party’s stance on only one
 issue, while a platform is the party’s
 position on all of the issues put
 together




                                            50
 Voter qualifications for North Carolina
 are: 18 years of age, registered, be of
 sound mind (no mental institutions),
 no felonies, meet residency
 requirements.



                                            51
 The purpose of a National Convention
 is for a political party to officially name
 its candidate for President.




                                               52
 A recall election is when the citizens of
 a state are unhappy with a government
 official and they vote to remove them
 from office before the end of their term




                                              53
 The difference between arbitration and
 mediation is that while both have third
 parties who listen to both sides of an
 argument, arbitration is when the third
 party’s decision is binding.



                                           54
 A plurality means that a candidate
 received the most votes, while a simple
 majority means that the candidate
 received one more than half of the
 votes.



                                           55
 The United States has a two party
 system; Democrats and Republicans
 control the political system.




                                      56

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:4/26/2013
language:English
pages:56