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Federal District Courts

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					Federal District Courts

• Federal District courts have
  original jurisdiction (first) in
  most federal cases.
• Each state has at least on
  Federal District court. (some
  more)
• 90 percent of all federal court
  work (300,000 cases per year)
  District Court Judges

• Each court has at least 2
  judges.
• Federal Court judges decide
  procedures in the court, explain
  the law in a case, punishment
  or fine.
• Appointed by President,
  approved by the Senate
   Other District Court
        Officers
• Several Officials help District
  Courts:
• Magistrate-issues court orders,
  hears preliminary evidence to
  see if a case should be brought
  to trial
   Other District Court
        Officers
• U.S. Attorney-the government’s
  lawyer, proves if a suspect
  commits a crime, has dozens of
  assistant U.S. attorneys who
  perform most of the trial work.
• U.S. Marshal-makes arrests,
  serves subpoenas
 U.S. Courts of Appeals

• Courts of Appeals have only
  appellate jurisdiction (appeals
  only)
• The losing side in a case may
  decide to appeal a ruling based
  on wrong procedure,
  misapplication of the law, new
  evidence….
U.S. Courts of Appeals

• Present system established in 1891
  to ease the burden of the Supreme
  Court
• Today 12 courts of appeals have
  jurisdiction over a certain
  geographic area called a Circuit.
• Each court receives cases from the
  district courts in its own circuit
Appeals Court Judges

• Each court has from 6 to 27
  judges
• Appointed for life
• No Juries in appeals courts
• Cases are decided by a panel of
  at least 3 judges
  Appeals Court Judges

• Judges do not decide guilt of
  innocence. The rule on whether
  a persons rights have been
  protected or whether there was
  a fair trial
• Judges may overturn the lower
  courts ruling, uphold it, or send
  the case back for a new trial
Special Federal Courts

• U.S. Tax Court-hears tax law appeals
• U.S. Court of Federal Claims-when
  citizens sue the govt.
• U.S. Court of Military Appeals-for
  military people to appeal a court-
  martial
• U.S. Court of International Trade-
  trade disputes from tariff/trade laws

				
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posted:4/25/2013
language:English
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