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Mapping and analysis of child protection systems in cote d'ivoire

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Mapping and analysis of child protection systems in cote d'ivoire Powered By Docstoc
					      WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICAN
Interagency Child Protection Systems Mapping
                  Initiative



      BRIGETTE DE LAY, UNICEF WCARO
          MONROVIA 20 APRIL 2010
Strengthening National Child Protection Systems
                                      2

Where are we coming from…..               Where are we going…

 Projects – focus a collection            Programmes – focus on systems
  activities                                building

                                           Focus on all vulnerable children
 Focus on categories of children –         – not just categories – move
  vertical approached - rescue-             toward horizontal programming
  charity

 Short term planning – 1-2 year           Long term planning – 5 to 10
  project cycles                            year vision

 Large investment in NGOs, little         Increased
  investment in state structures –          investment/prioritization in
  poor coordination between                 building gov’t capacity to fulfill
  actors- fragmented programming            their role as duty bearers


                                                                           UNICEF
What is a child protection system?
                        3



                   Education
                    and ECD


       Social
                                  C4D
     protection

                   Social
                   Welfare
                    and
                   Justice
     Livelihoods
          &
                                 Health
     employme
          nt
                      Civil
                   registratio
                        n
                                          UNICEF
         Child Protection is Everyone’s Business
                                                            4
Health & Protection
   IEC campaigns against domestic violence as a public health concern
   Health protocols to prevent abandonment and separation of children from their families at health facilities
   Detecting and reporting abuse - Linking at risk children and families with social service support
   Age appropriate medical and mental health care, treatment and support for victims of violence and sexual abuse
    (PEP kits, fistula repair, etc.) – preserving forensic evidence


Education & Protection
   Access to all children to education as a protective factor
   Promote life skills-based education to strengthen children’s resilience and ability to protect themselves from HIV,
    STDs, substance abuse, violence, exploitation, etc.
   Combating violence and abuse at school, including sexual violence and grades in exchange for sex
   Addressing corporal punishment – sexual abuse and exploitation – bullying
   Screening and early detection of abuse , at risk children – reporting and referral of cases to social services


Livelihood and Employment/Social Protection & Protection
   Poverty reduction through cash transfers, access to credit, saving schemes, IGA
   Vocational training programs for out of school youth and other children at risk of exploitation
   Universal Health Care and Free Education



                                                                                                             UNICEF
 WHERE ARE CHILDREN PROTECTED?
                                       5



                                   Govt


                                NGOs/CSO




                            COMMUNITY & FAMILIES



                         COMMUNITIES, FAMILY, CHILDREN



IMPLICATIONS: Systems work is built on reinforcing both informal and
formal systems and their linkages
                                                                       UNICEF
Child protection results – services – building blocks
                          6




                                                        UNICEF
                     Project Overview

 Objectives:
    At country level, to build a common understanding of what
     exists & to identify opportunities & challenges for systems
     strengthening

    On the regional level, to develop a West and Central African
     conceptual framework for child protection systems

 Participating Countries: Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana,
 Niger and Senegal

 Methodology: Desk review, survey sector, semi-structured
 interviews with key resource persons, case studies – 4 field
 sites
              Analytical Framework

   Analysis of existing system components
    (formal and informal)

   Analysis of how the child protection system
    functions to protect children

   Analysis of how the system fits the local
    context
 Type of information gathered on the formal system:
   What exists? Gap? Bottlenecks? Opportunities?

 Legislation, Policies, Standards, Regulations


 Structures


 Services (SW, Justice, Health, Education, Social Protection)


 Coordination


 Human and Financial Resources


 Capacities


 Information Management Systems
    Type of information gathered on community:
    Perceptions, Congruence, Barriers, Linkages


 Relationship and linkages between the formal and
 informal system

 Children’s access to protection services (prevention
 and response)

 Children, families and communities perceptions of
 the formal system

 Children, families and communities perceptions on
 the impact of the formal child protection
      The Ivory Coast Mapping Experience

 WHY? To use the mapping to bring a disperse group of
 protection actors together & to begin to build an evidence
 base to develop a more effective, efficient protection
 response (national child protection strategy)

 Hosted by Ministry of Social Welfare, with support of
 UNICEF and NGOs

 International consulting firm + national research team


 Focus on rural and urban
       Country context continued

 Emerging from conflict, slow transition

 Poverty level at 48.9% (10% in 1985)

 Education system in crisis
    51% primary school enrolment ratio
    Literacy rate 15-24yrs at 52.8% (down of 6 points)

 The health system in crisis
    Uneven distribution of services, uneven presence of human resources
    21% population used health services (2008)

 Justice sector in need of deep reform
    Only half of courts and prisons are functioning
    Inaccessible system
Key Findings on the Legal and Policy Framework


KF1: Fragmented child protection legal framework; no
 comprehensive child protection law; disconnect between
 traditional justice systems and formal systems

KF2: Lack of a comprehensive strategic direction on child
 protection and family welfare – three driving, but
 disconnected strategies
    OVC most articulate, but narrow focus , objective is the reach of 800
     thousand children
    GBV in humanitarian content, piloting new approach – policy,
     planned database
    Trafficking, mainly on law enforcement and repatriation,
     exploitation cases, narrow focus with exceptions, intake guidance
               Key Findings continued.....

KF3: Competing approaches – working in isolation –
 inefficient use of limited resources for children

    OVC, through Social Service Centers as a coordination function, services
     provided by NGOs, no sustainability plan, no national standards

    GBV, through Social Service Centers/NGOs, referral pathways;
     professional networks, comprehensive intake, piloting case
     management

    Trafficking, Child protection committees, role of the Prefet and law
     enforcement, involvement of all local services

    Committee against violence on women and children, small scale pilot,
     centre d’ecoute (social service centers)
            Key Findings on Social Services


KF1: Health playing no role in detection & reporting, weak
 response to victims

KF2: Education working in isolation to resolve some protection
 concerns, but no prevention dimension

KF 3: Social Service Centers limited in reach, extremely weak,
 little evidence of actual service provision

KF4: No logic behind geographic coverage - NGOs scattered,
 uneven presence, driven by mandate (OVC, GBV, Trafficking);
 Gov’t services only in select areas
MAP 1- Government services
MAP 4 – INGOs VS poverty
 Key Findings continued......


KF5: Children and communities in all exemplar community
 unable to mention any of the NGOs or Government Services

 Child protection committees act as the link with formal
  systems, but not fully functional, little evidence of impact,
  and often focused on specific child protection issued that are
  donor driven (OVC, trafficking, GBV)

 Community leaders generally not involved and not playing a
  significant role in the formal system
  Key Findings on Coordination & collaboration:
               National Planning

KF1: There is no child protection national coordination
 platform (draft decree) – specific sector coordination bodies
 exist, but do not formally interact (OVC, trafficking, GBV,
 protection cluster)

KF2: Government priorities largely dictated by donors
    Little negotiating power without a national policy


KF3: Lack of collaboration among donors and key agencies
    Tightly sealed, siloed sectoral interventions (OVC, GBV, Trafficking)
    Overall child protection vulnerabilities not considered
    Unrealistic expectations of positively changing the child protection
     system through sectoral approaches
Key Findings on Coordination and collaboration:
      Referral Mechanisms and Practices

 KF1: Referral mechanisms
  94% of programmes require collaboration with
   other programmes/services
  36.8% of them have referral mechanisms and
   protocols somehow formalized
  42.1% of them work on informal basis



 KF2: Frontline workers’ perspective:
  28% good collaboration

  22% not very good collaboration

  41% no collaboration at all
                 Key Findings on Data Management


KF 1: Separate databases: National database on OVC (one
  planned for GBV)

KF 2: There is no standard reporting format for any of the
  basic social welfare services
Use of database in Programmes




                                               NO             YES - internal system
                                               50%                    39%




                                                           YES - system shared with
                                                               other agencies
                                YES - part of a national              5%
                                       system
                                         6%
 Key Findings on Human Resources


KF1: Capacity of front line workers
 Almost 40% are professional social workers

 58% has more than 5 yrs experience (28% one yr or less)

 97% received additional training (OVC, GBV, CRC)



KF2: Education and training opportunities
 INFS university level education for social workers and
  educateurs specialise (approximately 500 per year)
     74% (respondents) describe the education and training opportunities as
      good or satisfactory (26% as poor)
Key Findings on Financial Resources

KF1: National Social Sector expenditure makes up 26-
 27% of national budget:

   Education 97.7%

   Health 2 %

   Child Protection 0.2%
Key Finding continued......

           MFFAS 2008 budget distribution by sector related to Child Protection




                                             Local social services
                          Secours Social
                                                     10%
                               5%




                                                                          institutions
                                                                              23%



       INFS - education
              55%


                                                                     Central and regional
                                                                         structures
                                                                              7%
                     NEXT STEPS

 Ivory Coast in the process of discussing findings and
 validating the report

 Partners considering whether to maintain the systems
 mapping steering committee

 Commitment to develop a broad, comprehensive social
 protection policy that includes child protection (prior to
 mapping, separate child protection strategy planned) –
 mapping findings will feed into this process

 Commitment to pilot a systems approach in one region
 (coordination, referral pathways, standards)
Is Ghana ready?

				
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