Everything about Jesus is a revelation of God.
Jesus’ name is Yeshua which means literally
Jesus was raised by Mary and Joseph to be an
educated, practicing Jewish man.
When Jesus speaks to the Jewish community, he is
able to make connections between Hebrew history
and his purpose.
Jesus was raised in a low-economic household.
This allows Jesus to understand the plight of the poor.
Jesus was trained to be a carpenter like Joseph.
Baptism comes from the Greek word (baptizein) for
The Hebrews had a number of washing rituals which
included washing vessels used for food, hands before
eating, and of women at the end of their monthly
cycle and after childbirth.
One ritual washing (mikvah) was used for those who
wished to convert to Judaism to wash away their
gentile status. Those born to a Jewish mother did not
need washing because they were considered Jews by
birth (Judaism is matrilinear), and if male this was
completed in circumcision.
Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be
baptized by him. John tried to prevent him, saying, ‘I
need to be baptized by you, and yet you are coming to
me?’ Jesus said to him in reply, ‘Allow it now, for thus it
is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.’ (Mt 3:13-15)
Jesus' public life begins with his baptism by John in the
After Jesus was baptized, he came up from the water
and behold, the heavens were opened (for him), and he
saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove coming
upon him. And a voice came from the heavens, saying,
‘This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.’
(Mt 3: 16-17)
Jesus submits to baptism to identify himself with
humanity, as an act of solidarity with men and
women who are sinful - even if he was not.
Jesus' submission to baptism was a prophetic act
foreshadowing his acceptance of death, to make
his baptism and death a means of transition to
life for the many who accept baptism.
There are three symbols that we take from the
account of Jesus’ baptism:
1. Dove: God the Holy Spirit.
2. Heavens Opening: Divine Presence in the world.
3. Voice: God the Father identifying Jesus as Christ.
It is certain after Jesus’ baptism that:
1. Jesus knows that he is chosen by God the Father.
2. The Holy Spirit will give Jesus the strength to fulfill
the Father’s will.
The Gospels speak of a time of solitude for Jesus
in the desert immediately after his baptism by
John. Driven by the Spirit into the desert, Jesus
remains there for forty days without eating…
among wild beasts, and angels minister to him.
At the end of this time Satan tempts him three
times, seeking to compromise his filial attitude
toward God. Jesus rebuffs these attacks, which
recapitulate the temptations of Adam in Paradise
and of Israel in the desert, and the devil leaves
him ‘until an opportune time’. (CCC 538)
The number “40” signifies a period of probation
or testing that results in a permanent change of
either victory or judgment. (Think of Lent.)
Ultimately, a person/group that endures for a
period of 40 (days/nights/years) has reached
The Flood lasted 40 days and nights.
The Israelites wander for 40 years before they reach the
Jesus is tempted for 40 days and nights in the desert.
Luke 4: 3-13
1. “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become
“It is written, ‘One does not live by bread alone.’”
2. “I shall give to you all this power and their glory; for it has
been handed over to me, and I may give it to whomever I
wish. All this will be yours, if you worship me.”
“It is written: ‘You shall worship the Lord, your God, and him alone
shall you serve.’”
3. “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here,
for it is written: ‘He will command his angels concerning you,
to guard you,’ and: ‘With their hands they will support you,
lest you dash your foot against a stone.’”
“It also says, ‘You shall not put the Lord, your God, to the test.’”
The Salvific meaning of this mysterious event:
Jesus is the new Adam who remained faithful just where the
first Adam had given in to temptation.
Jesus fulfills Israel's vocation perfectly: in contrast to those
who had once provoked God during forty years in the desert,
Christ reveals himself as God's Servant, totally obedient to
the divine will.
Jesus is the devil's conqueror: he ‘binds the strong man’ to
take back his plunder.
Jesus' victory over the tempter in the desert anticipates
victory at the Passion, the supreme act of obedience of his
filial love for the Father.
Jesus' temptation reveals the way in which the
Son of God is Messiah, contrary to the way Satan
proposes to him and the way men wish to
attribute to him. This is why Christ vanquished
the Tempter for us: ‘For we have not a high priest
who is unable to sympathize with our
weaknesses, but one who in every respect has
been tested as we are, yet without sinning.’
By the solemn forty days of Lent the Church
unites herself each year to the mystery of Jesus
in the desert. (CCC 540)
Jesus is tempted three times.
He never falls for the temptations, he responds with
quotes from the Book of Deuteronomy which is known
for containing The Law.
1. Jesus mission is not about materialism, the focus is on
2. Jesus will not work miracles to impress people, they
are intended to help those who are in need.
3. Jesus’ mission is not political in nature, it is a
Conversion- change of heart
While Jesus was attending a wedding in Cana with his
disciples the hosts ran out of wine. Jesus' mother told
Jesus, “They have no more wine,” and Jesus replied,
“Dear woman, why do you involve me? My time has not
yet come.” Jesus' mother then said to the servants, “Do
whatever he tells you.” John 2:1-5
Jesus ordered the servants to fill the empty containers
with water and to draw out some and take it to the chief
waiter. After tasting the water that had become wine,
and not knowing what Jesus had done, he remarked to
the bridegroom that he had departed from the custom
of serving the best wine first by serving it last. John 2:6-
The Wedding Feast at Cana is one of the miracles
of Jesus in the Gospels and the first miracle in the
Gospel of John.
John concludes his account by saying: “This was
the first miracle of Jesus and it was performed to
reveal his glory, and his disciples put their faith in
him.” John 2:11
Mary acts as an intercessor of faith on behalf of
all those present at the feast.
The incident occurs immediately after Jesus has
told Nathanael that he would “see greater
It is the first of the seven miraculous signs by
which John attests Jesus' divine status, around
which he structures his Gospel.
The word used by John is the Greek semeion
meaning “sign”, or ergon meaning “work”.
This miracle of Jesus is not mentioned by any of
the Synoptic Gospels, but does parallel their
parable of New Wine into Old Wineskins, which
may have formed its origin.
It may also be based on supposed prophecies in
the Old Testament, such as Amos 9:13-14 and
Genesis 49:10-11 about the abundance of wine
that there will be in the time of the messiah, and
especially on the messianic wedding festivals
mentioned in Isaiah 62:4-5.
The purpose of the parables is to proclaim the
kingdom of God.
“Everyone is called to enter the kingdom. First
announced to the children of Israel, this messianic
kingdom is intended to accept men of all nations. To
enter it, one must first accept Jesus' word:
The word of the Lord is compared to a seed which is sown in
a field; those who hear it with faith and are numbered
among the little flock of Christ have truly received the
kingdom. Then, by its own power, the seed sprouts and
grows until the harvest.”
Jesus' invitation to enter his kingdom comes in the form
of parables, a characteristic feature of his teaching.
Through his parables he invites people to the feast of
the kingdom, but he also asks for a radical choice: to
gain the kingdom, one must give everything. Words are
not enough, deeds are required.
Jesus and the presence of the kingdom in this world are
secretly at the heart of the parables. One must enter
the kingdom, that is, become a disciple of Christ, in
order to "know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven".
For those who stay "outside", everything remains
The word “parable” comes from the Greek word
Parables seem to defy common sense but were
intended to force a person to look at societal
Parables should lead to questioning the status
Jesus references ideas that related to everyday
experience (e.g. farming, sheep).
The evangelists used the parables differently
depending on who their audiences were.
1. Magic- attempting to control natural events or
forces by controlling the supernatural.
2. Miracle- an event that appears inexplicable by the
laws of nature and is held to be an act of God.
“Jesus accompanies his words with many ‘mighty
works and wonders and signs’, which manifest
that the kingdom is present in him and attest that
he was the promised Messiah.” CCC 547.
Some ways to interpret miracles:
1. Some say they are literally true, fact, and history.
But God no longer grants us miracles due to our
2. Some say no way- these are fables, myths blown
out of proportion.
3. Some look at the accounts separately and see
Religious Truth- that is, each can teach us
something about God’s presence in the world
today as we continue to see God’s goodness and
transformative power in our world.
Catholic teachings about miracles:
1. The Church is very cautious about approving miracles.
2. Investigators from the Vatican will only say there is no
natural explanation for the occurrence.
3. A miracle does not have to be approved by the Church to
truly be a miracle.
4. The Church will not investigate every claim of a miracle.
5. We are not required to believe in any particular miracle.
6. Examine the miracles one by one.
Miracles are seen as Religious Truth
“By freeing some individuals from the earthly evils
of hunger, injustice, illness and death, Jesus
performed messianic signs. Nevertheless he did
not come to abolish all evils here below, but to
free men from the gravest slavery, sin, which
thwarts them in their vocation as God's sons and
causes all forms of human bondage.” CCC 549
“The coming of God's kingdom means the defeat
of Satan's: ‘If it is by the Spirit of God that I cast
out demons, then the kingdom of God has come
upon you.’ Jesus' exorcisms free some individuals
from the domination of demons. They anticipate
Jesus' great victory over ‘the ruler of this world’.
The kingdom of God will be definitively
established through Christ's cross: ‘God reigned
from the wood.’” CCC 550
The Transfiguration marks the event that begins
We believe, that we will experience our own
resurrection in a glorified body.
“Jesus’ Transfiguration takes place on a high
mountain, before three witnesses chosen by himself:
Peter, James and John. Jesus’ face and clothes
become dazzling with light, and Moses and Elijah
appear, speaking ‘of his departure, which he was to
accomplish at Jerusalem’. A cloud covers him and a
voice from heaven says: ‘This is my Son, my Chosen;
listen to him!’” CCC 554.
“You were transfigured on the mountain, and your
disciples, as much as they were capable of it,
beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when
they should see you crucified they would
understand that your Passion was voluntary, and
proclaim to the world that you truly are the
splendor of the Father.” CCC 555
“On the threshold of the public life: the
baptism; on the threshold of the Passover:
the Transfiguration…the Transfiguration ‘is
the sacrament of the second regeneration’:
our own Resurrection. From now on we share
in the Lord's Resurrection through the Spirit
who acts in the sacraments of the Body of
Christ. The Transfiguration gives us a
foretaste of Christ's glorious coming, when
he ‘will change our lowly body to be like his
glorious body.’ But it also recalls that ‘it is
through many persecutions that we must
enter the kingdom of God’” CCC 556
“The Eucharist that Christ institutes at that
moment will be the memorial of his sacrifice.
Jesus includes the apostles in his own offering
and bids them perpetuate it. By doing so, the Lord
institutes his apostles as priests of the New
Covenant: ‘For their sakes I sanctify myself, so
that they also may be sanctified in truth.’” CCC
“Knowing that the hour had come to leave this
world and return to the Father, in the course of a
meal he washed their feet and gave them the
commandment of love. In order to leave them a
pledge of this love, in order never to depart from
his own and to make them sharers in his
Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the
memorial of his death and Resurrection, and
commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his
return; ‘thereby he constituted them priests of the
New Testament.’” CCC 1337
The liturgy of the Eucharist unfolds according to a
fundamental structure which has been preserved
throughout the centuries down to our own day.
It displays two great parts that form a
- the gathering, the liturgy of the Word, with
readings, homily and general intercessions;
- the liturgy of the Eucharist, with the presentation
of the bread and wine, the consecratory
thanksgiving, and communion.
“The liturgy of the Word and liturgy of the
Eucharist together form ‘one single act of
worship’, the Eucharistic table set for us is the
table both of the Word of God and of the Body of
the Lord.” CCC 1346