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					Lesson 4     Understanding Public Health Services

War, drought, floods, or economic crises can impact world health
and lead to starvation, unsanitary living conditions, and
uncontrolled disease.




Government agencies and private organizations from around the
world extend aid to countries in crisis.
Lesson 4      Lesson Objectives
In this lesson, you’ll learn to:


   Analyze the impact of the availability of health services in
   the community and the world.

   Explain the benefits of positive relationships among
   community health professionals in promoting a healthy
   community.

   Assess the impact of economic conditions on community
   and world health.
Lesson 4      Public Health Agencies
Health at the Local Level

Public health issues are addressed at local, national, and global
levels.

State, county, and city health departments focus on disease
prevention. Their functions include:

  Overseeing standards for water and sewage systems.

  Waste disposal.

  Sanitation of restaurants.
Lesson 4    Public Health Agencies
Non-Profit Agencies

  Non-profit agencies have local chapters that are devoted to
  particular health concerns.

  In some communities, economics may have a negative impact
  on community health.

  Non-profit agencies may provide health-promotion services in
  these communities.
Lesson 4      Public Health Agencies
Health at the National Level

The following agencies work at the national level to protect
health:


  National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
  United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
Lesson 4     Public Health Agencies
Department of Health and Human Services

The DHHS oversees more than 300 health-related programs.
These programs are administered by 13 agencies.

  The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)
  administer federal insurance programs, which help provide
  health care to low-income and elderly Americans.

  The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures the safety of
  food, drugs, and cosmetics.

  The National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct medical
  research and provide funding for medical research carried out
  at other institutions.
Lesson 4     Public Health Agencies
Other Departments Under the DHHS

  The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
  Administration (SAMHSA) provides programs that aid substance
  abusers and people with mental/emotional disorders.

  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conduct
  research and collect data to help control the spread of diseases.
  Part of the CDC’s job involves epidemiology.

  The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) was established to enforce
  antitrust and consumer protection laws.
Lesson 4      Public Health Agencies
Public Health on a Global Scale

Two key organizations that provide aid to countries in crisis are:

  World Health Organization (WHO): WHO has programs to
  eradicate diseases such as polio and cholera and to address
  pollution.

  International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC): ICRC
  provides emergency aid to victims of armed conflict, disease
  outbreaks, and natural disasters.
Lesson 4     Advocacy—Taking Action for Public Health
How Teens Can Advocate for Public Health

  Follow all health and safety laws and ordinances.

  Set an example by practicing healthful behaviors.

  Avoid actions that could endanger the health or safety of
  others.

  Get involved in events that promote public health.

  Find out which community groups deal with public health
  issues.

  Inform the proper authorities if you notice a condition or an
  activity that threatens public health.
Lesson 4     Quick Review


Choose the appropriate option.



Q. The ___________ administer
                                         1. Centers for Medicare
                                            and Medicaid
                                            Services (CMS)
     federal insurance programs,
     which help provide health care to   2. Food and Drug
     low-income and elderly                 Administration (FDA)
     Americans.
                                         3. Federal Trade
                                            Commission (FTC)

                                         4. World Health
                                            Organization (WHO)
Lesson 4    Quick Review - Answer



A. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
     (CMS) administer federal insurance programs, which help
     provide health care to low-income and elderly Americans.




                            Click Next to attempt another question.
Lesson 4      Quick Review


Provide a short answer to the question given below.



Q. What is the focus of state, county, and city health
      departments?




                                     Click Next to view the answer.
Lesson 4     Quick Review - Answer



A. State, county, and city health departments focus on
     disease prevention.




                            Click Next to attempt another question.
Lesson 4       Quick Review


Provide a short answer to the question given below.



Q. What effect is a poor economy likely to have on world
     health?




                                    Click Next to view the answer.
Lesson 4     Quick Review - Answer



A. A country’s poor economy can lead to starvation,
     unsanitary living conditions, and uncontrolled disease.




                             Click Next to attempt another question.
Lesson 4      Quick Review


Explain in detail.


Analyze the impact of the availability of health services in the
community and the world.
Lesson 4      Public Health Agencies
Health at the National Level

  NCI is the federal government’s principal agency for cancer
  research.
  EPA is responsible for protecting the country’s air, water, and
  land.
  OSHA works to prevent injuries and safeguard the health of
  workers across the country.
  USDA leads the federal antihunger effort with food stamp,
  school lunch, and school breakfast programs. FSIS is
  responsible for the safety of meat, poultry, and egg products.
Lesson 4     Public Health Agencies
Other Departments Under the DHHS

  The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
  Administration (SAMHSA) provides programs that aid substance
  abusers and people with mental/emotional disorders.

  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conduct
  research and collect data to help control the spread of diseases.
  Part of the CDC’s job involves epidemiology.

                    Epidemiology
  The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) was established to enforce
               is the scientific
  antitrust and consumer protection laws.
               study of patterns
               of disease in a
               population.
Lesson 4      Public Health Agencies
Health at the Local Level

Public health issues are addressed at local, national, and global
levels.             Public health
              is a community-wide
State, county, and city health departments focus on disease
              effort to monitor and
prevention. Their functions include:
              promote the welfare
              of the population.
   Overseeing standards for water and sewage systems.

  Waste disposal.

  Sanitation of restaurants.
Lesson 4    Quick Review - Answer



A. Correct! The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid
    Services (CMS) administer federal insurance programs,
    which help provide health care to low-income and elderly
    Americans.




                            Click Next to attempt another question.
Lesson 4     Quick Review - Answer


You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try
again, or click Next to view the correct answer.

				
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posted:4/24/2013
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