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Chapter 13: Manifest Destiny Section 4: The California Gold Rush Until 1848 California was populated by 150,000 Native Americans And 6000 Californios One Swiss immigrant did (Spanish or Mexican settlers) move there though – John Sutter (3) – who (When Mexico owned convinced the Mexican California they didn’t want any governor to give him American foreigners there) 50,000 acres of land (for a farm) Sutter was having a sawmill built, and one day his carpenter found some gold on the ground. Well, you know what happens California was a hard place next – EVERYONE (thousands) to get to (way out west want to come to California to and over the Rockies) but get rich as part of the people still came (mostly California gold rush (6). young men though). These people are called 49ers because they started their migration (30/44) to California in: 18____ Moving to a new place 1 ounce of gold: size/weight of one penny today Today: worth In 1849: worth about ____ dollars about ____ dollars (it would take a cabinet maker about 200 hours work to make that much money) Why was gold so “magical”/special? In the mid 1800’s: it was an easy way to get rich - quick Today’s ways to get rich quick: Lottery / Gambling Investments? Steal Sell Drugs People came from all over the world About 2/3 were Americans. Also: Native Americans, free Blacks, and even some enslaved African Americans. Some from Mexico. Others from Europe, South America, Australia. Even China (by 1851 10% of the miners were Chinese – and they ended up being some of the best miners). Very few women – it just wasn’t the kind of thing “ladies” did. Living there was For one thing, you can guess how men would live if there were never any women around. Miners “camped out” a lot more than they lived in “homes.” Looking for gold was hot, sweaty and dirty work. There was great competition for the best “claims.” And there were always people looking to cheat you, or simply rob you of anything you found. How to find gold: Panning Crevicing / Digging For fun and entertainment: Bull and bear fights Bear and donkey fights Wrestling Boxing Magic Shows By 1852… The gold rush was There were other gold mostly over. rushes, but California All the easy gold had is the one people been found. hear about the most The government put Montana, Colorado, a tax on foreign Alaska, Central/South miners – that most of America them couldn’t afford The gold rush had a huge impact on California – even up to today California (and the San Francisco area became centers of banking, manufacturing, shipping, and trade. Today – if California was it’s own country it would be the sixth richest nation IN THE WORLD (because of all it’s resources and how they’re used) But even though some good things happened for the U.S. – that doesn’t always mean good things for…. Native Americans Or the original Spanish Of course – again – they and Mexican settlers. lost a lot of land. Many lost all their legal Many died from diseases rights and their heritage brought by the (34 and 45) newcomers. Many lost all their Miners would even hunt property. them down and kill them sometimes. Your culture and what you get from your ancestors Enough people did move to California that it could become a state A free state And now there was one California is home to more more free state than than 10 percent of all slave states – and that Americans and a central would cause more element in the American cultural fabric. Although more political turmoil (41 / 46) than two-thirds of native-born Americans live in their state of (people getting upset) birth, fewer than half of all Californians were born in the state. Rather, California has been an important destination for U.S. internal migration in nearly every decade since 1850.
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