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					The Elderly of Miami Lakes Presentation Title Dario Moreno, Ph.D.

Rosa Davis, ABD Vanessa Brito, MA
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Miami Lakes Demographics
• The population of the Town of Miami Lakes is projected to continue growing. By 2025, the total population of the Lakes will be 25,696. • Similarly, the elderly population will continue to grow. • The elderly portion of the population will increase from 20% in 2005 to 23% in 2025.
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Elderly Demographics in Miami Lakes
• As of the 2000 census, there are 4,466 residents over the age of 55 • 46% are male, 54% are female • 3.8% are over the age of 85, 15% are between 75 to 84, 32.4% are between 65 to 74, and 49% are 55 to 64 • Hispanics make up 60.8% of the over 55 population, while Anglos make up 37.8%, and African Americans 1.4%
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Population by Age
Total Population by Age
5,000 4,310 4,500 3,594 4,000 2,974 3,500 3,000 2,500 1,695 1,638 1,449 2,000 1,516 1,331 1,152 1,158 1,013 1,500 673 1,000 500 0

Population

173

ye ar to s 9 ye 10 ar to s 14 15 ye ar to s 19 ye 20 ar to s 24 25 ye ar to s 34 ye 35 ar to s 44 ye 45 ar to s 54 55 ye ar to s 59 ye 60 ar to s 64 65 ye ar to s 74 ye 75 ar t s 85 o 84 ye ye ar ar s an s d ov er 5

Un de r5

Age

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Elderly Economic Conditions
• The overwhelming majority of Miami Lakes’ elderly live in their own homes and with their families • Only 22.4% of the population over 60 live alone • 89.4% of head of households over 55 own their own home

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Elderly Population in Miami Lakes

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Income Levels
• The elderly in Miami Lakes are above both the national and County median income level • The median income of residents between 55 and 64 is $63,102. This is above the median income for all the Lakes, which is $61,147 • However, the median income for residents between 65 and 74 is $47,051 and for those over 75 it is only $40,000 • Only 10.8% of Miami Lakes’ elderly are below the poverty line
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Elderly Economic Power
• The elderly control 25.7% of all household income in Miami Lakes • Total buying power of residents over 55 totals $166,693,600 • 18.5% of the households in Miami Lakes receive social security • Only 2.7% of the households receive SSI benefits that are designed for low-income seniors
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Focus Group Participants
• The Metropolitan Center conducted a focus group at the Miami Lakes Town Center on February 7, 2005 • All 13 participants were over 65 • 6 of the 13 participants were Hispanic; 7 were Anglo • 2 of the 13 participants had lived in Miami Lakes less that 10 years, while 11 had lived in the town for over 25 years. None had lived in the Lakes for less than 5 years
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Focus Group: Social Integration
• A majority of the participants lived alone • Only 4 of the 13 were living with their spouse and one is living with her parents • 4 participants had children not living with them • 11 out of the 13 were members of a church or synagogue • One is a member of the Country Club • 10 out of the 13 described their economic condition as stable and 3 as improving • 4 are currently employed
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Focus Group: Quality of Life
• All participants believed that the Town is headed in the right direction
– “Town is calm and aesthetically beautiful” – “Law enforcement is responsive and active” – “There is a sense of community”

• One participant said “Town services have all improved. Everyone has been extremely helpful, especially Lourdes.” • All participants described the quality of life in the Lakes as good • On a five point scale, with 5 being perfect:
– 3 participants gave the town a 5 – 6 participants rated the Lakes a 4 – 4 participants scored Miami Lakes a 3
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Miami Lakes: Negatives
• Traffic is the big issue and most think it’s getting worse
– “Building west has destroyed traffic patterns” – “The only thing I have to complain about is the traffic”

• Renters were described as being a “quality of life” issue
– “We don’t know who is moving in” – “There is no control over who is moving in”

• Architectural control was also cited as a negative
– “Enforcement is lax” – “We need stronger homeowner associations”
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Miami Lakes: Positives
• All the participants believed that the town is aesthetically beautiful
– Greenery – “The Town is always clean”

• Many noted the improving infrastructure • Good Law enforcement
– All participants felt safe in their neighborhood – “Our neighbors watch out for us.” – “Things happen everywhere, people break in, etc. But I feel absolutely safe.”

• Access to services: banks, churches, and other amenities.
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Services: Current
• Participants complained about the poor retail mix on Main Street. • Four of the participants currently use the community center
– Senior exercise class – Garden Club

• Better street lighting • More police patrols
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Prospective Senior Services: Trolley
• Trolley
– All the participants drive and have cars – Only 3 participants would be very likely to use a trolley system were it to be implemented – “As long as I am capable of walking and driving, I wouldn’t use it.” – However, if a trolley system was set up to take them directly to the supermarket, 8 out of 13 participants would use it.

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Prospective Senior Services: Senior Center
• A Senior Center was popular. Seven of the participants were “very likely” to use it, 4 were “likely” to use it, and only 2 would not use it. • Participants would like programs such as computer classes, exercises, nutrition, dominoes, movies, pool, bingo, dancing, and arts and crafts.
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Prospective Senior Services
• “Meal on Wheels”
– Only 4 of the participants (all Hispanics) express any interest in a “meal on wheels” program – Most felt that the food would be sub-standard

• Progressive Assisted Living Facility
– All but one participant would use an assisted living facility if it were available and offered upscale services. – “We need a place where our seniors can go when they do not want to stay in their homes any longer. We do not want to move to Ft. Lauderdale or South Dade.”
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Phone Survey
• Metropolitan Center conducted a phone survey of Miami Lakes seniors on April 11 – 12, 2005 • Survey was conducted in both English and Spanish • 401 completed surveys from Miami Lakes seniors (people over 55 years of age)
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Poll Demographics
• Ethnic breakdown:
– – – – 47.9% Hispanic; 47.6% Anglo; 1.2% African American; and 3.2% others.

• Age:
– 25.2% where over 75 years of age; – 59.4% where over 65 years of age and; – 100% where over 55 years of age.

• 43.9% took the survey in Spanish, 56.1% took the survey in English • 84.5% of the respondents live in single-family homes • While 92.8% own there own homes • Only 18% of those surveyed live alone
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Service: Existing Community Center

• Only 34.7% of the respondents use the existing community center, while 50.1% claim that they are not likely to use the existing center • Home owners, at 36.3%, are far more likely to use the existing community center than renters • New residents (those who have lived in the Lakes less than 5 years) are less likely to use the existing community center than long-time residents.
– Only 26.9% of the new residents are very likely or likely to use the current center. – While 43.5% of the residents who lived in the Lakes 10-20 years are very likely or likely to use the existing center.
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Service: Existing Community Center

• Residents on the west side are more likely to use the existing Center than those on the east • Anglos are slightly more likely to use the existing Center than Hispanics • English speakers at 38.2% are more likely to use the existing Center than Spanish speakers at 29.6% • Women, at 37.6%, are more likely to use the existing Center at 28.9%
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Trolley Service
• 54.4% of the Seniors are likely to use a trolley service while 32.1% are not very likely to use it • Seniors living alone, at 76.4%, are the most likely users of the trolley service • Hispanic and Anglos are both likely users: Anglos at 57.1% and Hispanics at 53.2% • However, females at 61.3% are far more likely to use the trolley service than men at 43.7%

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Trolley Service: Route
• Residents have no clear idea of where they would like the trolley service to go; 34.2% said they had “No Opinion” • However, about one-third of the residents would like to see a Main Street (downtown Miami Lakes) stop

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Trolley Service: Details
• Over two-thirds of the residents, 67.6% are more likely to use the trolley service if the average wait time is less than 10 minutes • Hispanics at 63.2% and seniors over 65 at 50.4%, are more likely to use the Trolley system if the schedule and route was coordinated with religious services • Only 14.5% of the respondents are less likely to use the Trolley system if they have to pay for it, however, men are far less likely, at 21.5%, to pay than women, at 10.9%
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Trolley Service: Details
• The Trolley service would significantly increase its rider ship if the routes are within short walking distance
– 59.1% of the residents are more likely to use the Trolley service if it’s within a 5 minute walk to their homes – 68.8% are more likely to use the Trolley system if it’s within a two minute walk of their homes
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

New Senior Center
• 49.6% of the respondents are very likely to use a Senior Center in Miami Lakes, while 33.2% are not likely • Residents over 75 at 55.5% and Hispanics at 56.8% are the most likely residents to use the Senior Center • Females at 54.2% are more likely to use the Senior Center than males at 40.7%
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Program at the Senior Center
• Exercise classes at 61.3% and excursions to museums, concerts, and plays at 69.1%, were the most popular possible programs for the Center • Computer Classes at 57.1% were also popular • Bingo, card games, cooking classes, and sports programs were less popular but still enjoyed strong support • Dominoes was only popular among Hispanics
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Center Programs
70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Dominoes Exercise Comp. Class Cooking Support

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Senior Center Programs
70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Sport Card Bingo Prog. Games Field Trips Support

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Meals on Wheels
• Overall, there is very little support for a “meals on wheels” program in Miami Lakes, only 31.5% of the Seniors say that they are likely to use it • However, renters (48.3%) and seniors living alone (47.4%) are likely to use it • Similarly, 47.4% of those over 75 also say they are likely to use it • Hispanics at 42.6% are far more likely to use a “meals on wheels” program, as opposed to Anglos at 21.3%
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Assisted Housing Facility
• There is wide-spread support for an assisted living facility in Miami Lakes; 67.1% of the seniors will support building such a facility • Moreover, among seniors over 75 years of age, the support climbs to 80.3% • Hispanics support an assisted living facility with 75.8% support while only 59.6% of Anglos support the facility
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Facility Users
• Only 29.4% of the respondents are likely to use an assisted housing facility in the next 5 years • However, 41.7% of the seniors living alone say they would use such a facility within the next 5 years • Age is an important factor in usage with only 29.8% of seniors over 65 saying they would use such a facility, while 38.6% of those over 75 say they would use such a facility in the next 5 years
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Facility Users
• Hispanics at 39.1% are far more likely to use such a facility then Anglos at 21.5% • Spanish speakers at 40.9% are more likely to use such a facility than English speakers at 20.4% • Females at 33.8% are more likely to use the facility than males at 20.4%
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Type of Facility
• 49.1% of the respondents are more likely to use the facility if it’s upscale as compared to 8.2%, who would be less likely • An upscale facility appeals to those groups who are more likely to use the facility: seniors over 75 at 57.4%; Hispanics at 51%; seniors living alone at 47.2%; and Females at 51.5%
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Cost of Facility
• 47.6% of the respondents are willing to pay $1,200 a month for a assisted housing facility, while 18.2% are willing to pay more • Renters are the most unwilling to pay more than $1200 a month at 6.9%, while 19.9% of seniors who own their own homes are willing to pay more than $1200 a month • 34.7% of seniors over 75 are willing to pay more than $1200 a month • Anglos at 34.6% are willing to pay more than $1200 a month for the facility, while only 5.2% of the Hispanics will pay more than $1200 a month
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Priorities
• Increased Police surveillance is the top priority at 38.4% of Miami Lakes seniors • Seniors over 75 are the most likely to support a Trolley Service 19.8% • Hispanics, as a second priority, are the biggest supporters of building a new senior center, at 25%
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

First Tier Priorities
40.00% 35.00% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Police Patrol Trolley Service Senior Center
Support

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Second Tier Priority
25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Trolley Service Senior Center Police Patrol Support

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Third Tier Priority
18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% Trolley Service Senior Center Police Patrol
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Support

Paying for Priorities
• There is no support among Miami Lakes seniors to raise taxes in order to pay for these priorities • Only 30.4% support raising taxes while 50.5% oppose such a measure • However, Miami-Dade seniors are willing to pay for these services on a fee basis • 58.4% are willing to pay for services while only 27.2% are not • Moreover, both Hispanics, at 60%, and Anglos, at 59.4%, are willing to pay fees for services
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Conclusions: Senior Center
• Seniors in the Lakes enjoy a good quality of life • They are active and civically involved • Both in the Focus Group and in the Survey there was strong support for building a senior center in Miami Lakes
– Programming at the Center should include exercise classes, field trips to concerts and museums, and computer classes – Secondary priorities for Center are card games, Bingo, sports activities, and dominoes for the Hispanics
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Conclusions: Living Facility
• Seniors while supportive of a progressive assisted living facility, also expressed concern that it be compatible with the rest of the community
– Upscale – Aesthetically pleasing

• One-third of the seniors are willing to pay over $1200 a month to live in an upscale assisted living facility
– Marketing strategy for facility should focus on seniors living alone, seniors over 75, and should be conducted in both Spanish and English – Marketing should also educate Hispanic seniors on the realistic cost of assisted living facilities – Marketing strategy should also focus on seniors who own their own homes
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Conclusions: Trolley Service
• A Miami Lakes Trolley service enjoys wide support among seniors, especially women and those over the age of 75 • However, only a properly routed trolley service would be supported:
– Short wait time of less than 10 minutes – Stops must be within walking distance of seniors home, 5 minute walk at most, 2 minutes preferable

• Main Street/Downtown Miami Lakes is the preffered stop for the Trolley • However, current retail mix on Main Street is not attractive for seniors
– Dress shop – Hardware store – Card shop
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Conclusion: “Meals on Wheels”
• While there is little support for a “meals on wheels” program in Miami Lakes, many atneed groups would take advantage of such a program • Especially seniors over 75 and seniors living alone

The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251

Conclusions: Priorities
• Implementation of a City Trolley service • Building of a Miami Lakes Senior Center • Both projects would be supported by the willingness of the Town’s seniors to pay on a fee-for-service basis • Town should increase “visible” Police presence • Town should attract private developers for an upscale assisted living facility
The Metropolitan Center at Florida International University metropolitan.fiu.edu 305-349-1251


				
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