APEC Low-Carbon Town Demonstration Project China by wuyunyi


									APEC Low-Carbon Model Town Project
      Development in China

                    Sun Yang
     Department of International Cooperation
     National Energy Administration, China




International Cooperation

With rapid urban development and population growth , towns and cities become the
          key areas of energy consumption and carbon emission in China
 Chinese Government Takes Active Measures for Climate Changes

 China is the first developing country to                 单位GDP二氧化碳排放(吨/万元)
  formulate and implement the National Plan                非化石能源所占比例
  for Climate Changes and is the country        7                                16%
  implementing the strongest measures of
  energy saving and emission reduction, with    6

  the fastest growing new energy sources and                                     12%
  renewable energy sources.

 From 1990 to 2005, the unit GDP carbon                                         8%
  dioxide emission was reduced by 46%,                                           6%
  percentage of non-fossil energy sources in    2
  the energy consumption grew from 5.1% to                                       4%

  6.8%; in 2005 – 2020, China’s unit GDP        1                                2%
  carbon emission will further reduce by 40 –
  45%, while percentage of non-fossil energy    0                                0%
                                                    1990        2005      2020
  sources will reach 15%.

China    Attaches   Great    Importance on Low Carbon Development
                               —A Key Strategy to Tackle Climate Change

 Since 2005, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development has
  formulated a series of policy measures to promote public transport and low-
  carbon constructions in town.

 In 2010, the NDRC formally put forward the initiative of experimental
  demonstration projects of low-carbon urban development in “five provinces
  and eight municipalities”

 Above policies received active and extensive support from the local
  governments. Low-carbon urban development has become an important
  principle and milestone in the new round of urban development in China

    Policy measures of the State Council and NDRC of China to
             promote low-carbon urban development

July 2010: NDRC issued the Notice on the Initiation of Experimental
Works of Low-Carbon Provinces and Low-Carbon Cities, setting out
the experimental works of low-carbon provinces and cities in “five
provinces and eight municipalities”

December 2010: State Council issued the Notice on the Issuance of
National Plan of Main Functional Areas, proposing “the
development of low-carbon cities and reducing the intensity of warm
house gas emission”

March 2011: State Council issued the Opinions on Implementation
of Division and Specialization of Key Departments in the
Government Work Report, proposing to “advocate the experimental
works of low-carbon cities”




International Cooperation

Concept of Low-Carbon Development in China: Sustainable Development

– Concepts of “eco town” and “energy saving town” emerged during the
  urbanization in China are similar to the concept of “low-carbon town ”
  which is based on the fundamental principle of sustainable development,
  with the sustainable urban development as the fundamental objective, but
  with a focus on the energy supply and demand and environmental impact
  of urban systems.

– Without the fundamental objective of sustainable urban development,
  pursuit for low-carbon emission in a singular process may even lead to
  higher carbon emission of the entire urban system in its lifecycle. In other
  words, low-carbon urban development in China not only aims for reduction
  of carbon emission, but also the multiple benefits of sustainable
  development including economic development, enhancement of living
  standards, environmental protection and resource saving etc. at the same

Concept of Low Carbon Town in China: Sustainable Development

                                              Low Carbon Town

Eco city                                          Energy
                                                  Saving town

                                              Sustainable Town

Relationship between low-carbon town and sustainable town , energy saving and ecological

    Concept of Low Carbon Town in China: Sustainable Development

•    Low-carbon urban development in China is placed in the basic framework of
     sustainable development, emphasizing on all levels of town including production,
     living, transport and social, resource and sustainable development environment to
     achieve low carbon emission
       – Production dimension: sustainable, low-carbon economies, sustainable and low-
          carbon transport
       – Living dimension: sound housing and living environment, low-carbon buildings
          and facilities
       – Social dimension: public involvement, social justice, cultural and wisdom
          heritage, low-carbon values and lifestyles
       – Natural resource dimension: compact and high efficiency land utilization,
          minimized resource consumption
       – Ecological environment dimension: minimum pollution and waste emission,
          sustainable ecological system

   Six Major Approaches to Achieve the Low Carbon Development – Industry,
           Deployment, Energy, Building, Transport and Renewable

1. Low-carbon industry: low-carbon production methods, industrial structure, carbon emission
   performance etc.
2. Low-carbon spacial deployment: optimized spatial structures, priority to public transport
3. Low-carbon energy sources: energy structure and supply-demand efficiency
4. Low-carbon buildings: building energy saving technologies and operations management
5. Low-carbon transport: promotion of low-carbon travelling, development of public transport,
   improvement of fuel economy, development of new-energy source automobiles
6. Renewable resources: use of depleted facilities and recycling of waste resources





International Cooperation

We have conducted survey on low carbon practices in China,
      collected 77 cases with different characteristics

                                              Low-Carbon Industry Layout
                                                                                        Datong – transformation of resource city
          • Shijingshan District, Beijing                                        
                                                                                       Anshan – energy saving and emission reduction of
                    – The Shougang Group moved out and                                  Angang Group
                      only left the headquarter and research                           Jilin – transformation of the old industrial bases in
                      and development departments behind                                the northeast China
                    – Great efforts in developing cultural,
                      creative, high-tech, commercial
                      services, modern financial, tourism and
                      leisure among other low-carbon


                                                                                  Newly built high efficiency steel factory (left) and

                                                                                  processing line (right) of the Angang Group



                   2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

                                                                                         Trial run of EMU manufactured in Jilin        14
                   Trends in percentage of the service sector in Shijingshan District
                            Low-Carbon Spacial Plan

• Tianjin Zhongxin Eco City: urban planning, urban industry and overall
  planning of transport systems

                                          Zhongxin Tianjin Eco City Public
Zhongxin Tianjin Eco City Spacial
                                          Transport System (left) and Slow
Plan (left) and Industrial Plan (right)
                                          Transport System (right)
• The first low-carbon town demo project of APEC – Tianjin
  Yujiabao Financial District
    – Invested large amount of human and material resources to develop the low-carbon
      development plan to enhance spatial utilization, optimize functional and energy
      deployment, and improve energy utilization efficiency and reduce transport energy

  Long-term plan of Yujiabao – green eco construction

                                                        “Builders’ Home”
                                                        for the construction
                                                        workers to avoid
                                                        repeat construction
                                                        of temporary housing
     Underground railway transport system plan                                        16
     of Yujiabao
    Low-Carbon Energy : State Policies and Technical Development

   Law of Renewable Energy Sources, Notice on the Subsidies for Renewable Energy Power Charges
    and Rationed Exchanges in 2006, Notice on Accelerating Suspension of Small Thermal Power Units
    and Law on Energy Saving
   China has initiated the first IGCC demo project (green coal fired power project in Tianjin), full-scale
    CCS demo project (direct liquidation project and saline aquifer sequestration project in Nei Mongol)
    and demo project of intellectual grid (Zhongxin Tianjin Eco City)

    Low-Carbon Energy: State Policies and Technical Development

   Wind power, nuclear power, supercritical coal fire and ultra-supercritical coal fired power
    units in China rank number one in term of production capacity in the world. Production of
    solar cells takes up over 50% of the world total. Installed capacities of wind power
    generators, capacity and ownership of solar heaters all rank number one in the world.

De Zhou in Shang Dong Province has been selected as a pilot project of “New
Energy City” in China. They are exploring the potential of scaling up the
deployment of rooftop solar heater, power generation system and roadside solar
lamps.                                                                           19
•   Hami, Xinjiang: construction of wind power and solar
    power generation bases

                                      Wind and solar power generation base under
                                      construction in Hami, Sinkiang Province

                     Low-Carbon Buildings: Policies
•   2005: Design Standards for Energy Saving of Public Buildings

•   2006: Design Standards for Green Buildings

•   2007: Standards of Quality Testing Acceptance of Energy Saving Construction Projects,
    Work Plan for Overall Energy Saving and Emission Reduction

•   2008: Regulations on Energy Saving of Civilian Buildings and Regulations of Energy
    Saving in Public Institutions

•   2011: The Twelfth Five-Yearly Plan in Construction Industry, proposing that “project
    design of new buildings shall be 100% consistent with energy saving standards of
    buildings of the state, and construction of new projects shall comply with requirements
    on energy saving of building stipulated by the state”.

                               Low-Carbon Building: Practices
  •    Hongqiao District in Changning, Shanghai: online monitoring platform of building
       energy efficiency
  •    Tsinghua University in Beijing: energy saving building – overall demonstration of
       energy saving technologies
  •    Zhuhai: Regulations and demonstration project guidance for energy saving buildings

                                                               Vacuum glass (left) and smart shutter cover device (right) of energy
                                                               saving building in Tsinghua

Interface of existing building energy consumption monitoring
system in Changning                                                                                                       22
                                                                 Solar water heating system (left) and ground source heat pump
                                                                 system (right) in buildings in Zhuhai
                      Low-Carbon Transport: Policies

• Public Transport
    – 2005: Opinions on Prioritized Development of Urban Public Transport
    – 2006: Opinions on Several Economic Policies on Prioritized Development of Urban
      Public Transport
    – 2010: Regulations on Urban Public Transport (Exposure Draft)
• Fuel Economy:
    – 2004: Standard Limitations on Fuel Consumption of Passenger Vehicles
    – 2007: Limitations on Fuel Consumption of Light Commercial Vehicles
    – 2009: Methods and Indicators of Appraisal on Fuel Consumption of Passenger
    – 2010: Special initiative of low-carbon transport and transportation participated by a
      thousand enterprises of automobile, vessels, roads and ports
• New Energy Vehicles
    – Initiated the demonstration and promotion project of new energy source automobiles
      with “a thousand cars in ten cities” since 2009. 25 cities already took part in the
                  Low-Carbon Transport: Practices

• Xi’an
  – “Car-less Day” and “Walk
    with a Thousand People”
  – Promotion of bicycle
    travelling and walking

• Hangzhou
  – Free public bicycle service
    system (swipe card), special
    bicycle control vehicle
  – Over 50,000 bicycles and
    2,050 bicycle stations, daily
    use of 250,000

                        Low-Carbon Transport: Practices
• Dalian: low-carbon public transport system
• Shenzhen: Electrical automobiles

     Express bus lane (left) and hybrid power bus (right) in

                                                                          Electrical car
                                                                          charging station in

Light rail trains (left) and metropolitan railway map (right) in Dalian
• 2008: Law on Advocating the Recycle Economy
• Shanghai: public service platform for recycle of renewable
   – Providing users with free “environmental protection cards” and barcodes. Users can stick
     the barcodes to electronic wastes and leave them in the nearest recycle boxes. Once the
     recycle box is full, automatic alarm is sent to the recycle platform. Recycle platform
     converts the wastes according to the barcodes and types of waste into points to be paid
     into the corresponding account of the card.

                        Real-time monitoring map of alarms                                      26
   Wuhan, Hubei Province: reuse of heavy industry wastes
      Coal gas from steel factory is supplied to chemical plants and
       thermal heating plants and slag is used as construction materials.
      Thermal power plant ashes are used in construction or road
       building, desulfurized by-products used to produce commercial
       grade gypsum and denitrification byproducts are used for
       production of urea and ammonia

                        Bricks (right) made of slag (left)

                      International Cooperation
• Exploring the Potential
   – Multilateral cooperation among governments (APEC): bilateral cooperation between
     governments (Singapore, U.K., Sweden)
   – Comprehensive cooperation on building low-carbon towns: Tianjin Yujiabao Financial
     District – international cooperation covers low carbon appraisal and performance target
     systems, transport system, underground planning, regional energy supply, energy saving
     buildings, heat island effect analysis, energy efficiency management and low-carbon
     construction etc.

• Improving the Mechanism
   – APEC low-carbon urban development demonstration: initiation of demo project,
     establishment of expert team, discussion on the summit meeting and low-carbon
     urban development demonstration forum etc.
• Introduction of Advanced International Concept
   – Design teams from multiple countries provided planning and design for the
     Yujiabao financial district of Tianjin
   – Low Carbon Development Plan of Jilin, an outcome of the Study on low-carbon
     economic methodologies and low-carbon economic regional development cases is
     officially published

               Sun Yang
Department of International Cooperation
National Energy Administration, China


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