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					                                                 ENGINEERING COUNCIL OF SOUTH AFRICA
                                                                  Standards and Procedures System

            Contextual level Descriptors for Stage 2 Engineer, Engineering Technologist, Engineering
                                      Technician and Certificated Engineer
                                                                 Status: Working Group Document
     Document : P-70                                                          Rev-1                                 1-Feb-06


     Purpose                                                                                                                                                                  Revision History
     Level Descriptors are an essential feature of the National Qualification Framework and server to aid the pegging of qualifications at NQF Levels. SAQA's intention       This document was developed by the
     is that a single set of level descriptors guide the pegging of standards across the entire spectrum of learning. In the HET band, learning falls into two main areas:    Engineering Standards generating Body and
     workplace learning and higher education institutional learning. SAQA and the New Academic Plan have issued Draft Level Descriptors. In drawing up standards              was adopted as part of the ECSA Standards and
     for Engineers, Engineering Technologists, EngineeringTechnicians and Certificated Engineers at the level of competence required for registration and competent           Procedures System in February 2006
     practice, it was found that the Draft Level Descriptors were only partially helpful in distinguishing the level of performance required in the four categories.

     The Engineering Standards Generating Body therefore carried out a study with the aid of several of its Standards Generating Groups to define the level of
     competent performance for each of the categories. The resulting Level Descriptors are given below. The principal use will be to ensure that the levels of the various
     unit standards that define Stage 2 Competence are appropriate to the accepted function of each category. These descriptors will also be fed into the SAQA process
     as a contribution toward finalising the question of whether a single set of Level Descriptors adequately define levels in the HET band.

     The Level Descriptors are grouped under five headings:
     A Type of Engineering Activities
     B Level of Problem solving
     C Knowledge Underpinning Engineering Activities and Problem Solving
     D Skills needed
     E Responsibility for Engineering Activities

                      Stage 2 Engineer                                      Stage 2 Technologist                                     Stage 2 Technician                       Stage 2 Certificated Engineer
     Complex Engineering Activites characterised                 Broadly-defined Engineering Activites                     Well-defined Engineering Activites                 All items at least at level of Engineering
A                              by                                             characterised by                                        characterised by                        Technologist added detail shown below
A1   Activities involve one or more of: design; planning;    Activities involve one or more of: design; planning;   Activties contribute to one or more of: design;           Activities specifically include operations, plant       A1
     investigation and problem resolution; improvement       investigation and problem resolution; improvement      planning; investigation and problem resolution;           maintenance, aplication of cmpany policy, procdures
     of materials, components, systems or processes;         of materials, components, systems or processes;        improvement of materials, components, systems or          and best practice subject to applicable health and
     engineering operations; project management;             engineering operations; project management;            processes; engineering operations; project                safety legislation.
     research, development and commercialisation.            research, development and commercialisation.           management; project implementation; research,
                                                                                                                    development and commercialisation.
A2   Boundaries of practice area change over time,           Boundaries of practice area linked to technologies     Boundaries of practice area defined by techniques         Advances health and safety beyond minimum legal         A2
     formulate new engineering principles, new               used, change by adoption of new technology into        applied; change by adopting new techniques into           baseline; applies best practice; advances operational
     procedures, standards or codes, or advancing            current practice                                       current practice; Opportunities to improve practice       engineering practice; adapts to changing
     engineering practice                                                                                           are referred to engineers or technologists.               technologies, business environment and new safety
                                                                                                                                                                              hazards
A3   Context is complex and varying, is multidisciplinary,   Practice area is located within a wider, complex       Practice area is located within a wider, complex          Context is in plant or mine                             A3
     requires teamwork, may be unpredictable and may         context , requires teamwork, has interfaces to other   context , with well defined interfaces to other parties
     need to be identified                                   parties and disciplines                                and disciplines
A4   Involve the use of diverse resources (including         Involve the use a variety resources (including         Involve familiar, defined range of resources              Evaluate immediate H&S risks, perform analyses          A4
     people, money, equipment, materials, technologies),     people, money, equipment, materials, technologies),    (including people, money, equipment, materials,           required by applicable laws.
     high risk or resource intensive projects                dealing with risks in practice area                    technologies), risks are well defined
A5   Require resolution of significant problems arising      Require resolution of occasional problems arising      Require resolution of interactions mainfested                                                                     A5
     from interactions between wide- ranging or              from interactions between wide- ranging or             between specific technical factors with limited
     conflicting technical, engineering or other issues      conflicting technical, engineering or other issues     impact on wider issues
A6    Are constrained by time, finance, infrastructure,  Constrained by available technology time, finance,         Constrained by operational context,defined               Work is significantly regulated by H&S                 A6
                                                         infrastructure, resources, facilities, standards &
      resources, facilities, standards & codes, applicable                                                          workpackage, time, finance, infrastructure,              legislationbest practice (standards and codes)
      laws                                               codes, applicable laws                                     resources, facilities, standards & codes, applicable     applicable in plant or mine contexts
B     Complex Engineering Problems characterised by:     Broadly-defined Engineering Problems                       Well-defined Engineering Problems characterised          All items at least at level of Engineering
                                                         characterised by:                                          by:                                                      Technologist added detail shown below
B1    Requires underpinning knowledge and skills defined Requires underpinning knowledge and skills defined         Requires underpinning knowledge and skills defined                                                              B1
      in C and D                                         in C and D                                                 in C and D
B2    May encompass entire complex engineeering systems May encompass systems within complex engineering            Are discrete, focussed tasks within engineering                                                                 B2
      or complex subsystems                              systems                                                    systems
B3    Ill posed, unpredictable, under- or overspecified  Ill posed, under or overspecified problems requiring       Problems are well-defined, routine, may be               Problems defined in industry context, may need         B3
      problems, requiring identification and refinement  identification and interpretation into practice area       unfamiliar but in familiar context; problem              identification
                                                                                                                    definitions require refinement.
B4    Information from variety of sources is complex,       Information from sources interfacing with practice      Information is concrete & largely complete, requires                                                            B4
      abstract and possibly incomplete & requires analysis, area is complex and possibly incomplete, requires       checking and possible supplementation
      abstraction, structuring and evaluation               analysis and compilation into information base
B5    Have no obvious solution and require originality and   Can be solved by structured analysis techniques        Can be solved in standardized or prescribed ways                                                                B5
      analysis
B6    Involves wide-ranging or conflicting technical,       Involves a variety of factors which may impose          Involve several issues but with few of these imposing                                                           B6
      engineering and other issues                          conflicting constraints                                 conflicting constraints
B7    Involve infrequently encountered issues               Belong to families of problems which are solved in      Are frequently encountered and thus familiar to most                                                            B7
                                                            well-accepted and innovative ways                       practitioners in the practice area
B8    Problems may be outside those encompassed by          Problems may be partially outside standards and         Problems are encompasses by standards, codes and         Where necessary and with justification adapt           B8
      standards and codes; operate outside where justified. codes; operate outside with justification               documented procedures; only work outside their           technical standards and codes,
                                                                                                                    prescriptions with authorisation
B9    Involves wide ranges of interested and affected    Involves several groups of interested and affected         Involve a limited range of interested and affected       Involve a limited range of interested and affected     B9
      parties with widely varying needs                  parties with differing and occasionally conflicting        parties with differing needs                             parties with differing needs
                                                         needs
B10 Have significant consequences in a range of contexts Have significant consequences which are important          Have consequences which are locally important but                                                               B10
                                                         in practice, but may extend more widely                    not far reaching
B11 Requires judgment in decision making taking           Requires judgment in decision making, in practice          Requires practical judgment in practice area in                                                                B11
    diverse factors into account                         area, considering interfaces to other areas                evaluating solutions, considering interfaces to other
                                                                                                                    roleplayers
C     Knowledge Underpinning Complex Engineering Knowledge Underpinning Broadly-defined                             Knowledge Underpinning Well-                             All items at least at level of Engineering
      Activities and Problem Solving                          Engineering Activities and Problem Solving            definedEngineering Activities and Problem                Technologist added detail shown below
                                                                                                                    Solving
C1    Broad, coherent range of fundamental principles in      Coherent range of fundamental principles in math,     Coherent range of fundamental principles in math,        Note: As for Technologist with additional              C1
      math, basic science and engineering science, typified basic science and engineering science underlying        basic science and engineering science underlying         requirements shown
      by an accredited BSc(Eng)/BEng/Bing                     practice area, typified by accredited BTech           techniques, typified by accredited NDip
                                                              (Engineering)                                         (Engineering)
C2    Requires in-depth knowledge specialist knowledge in Specialist knowledge in practice area, embodied in Specialist knowledge in practice area is largely                One or more of Plant Engineering, various aspects of   C2
      practice area that allows a fundamentals-based, first accepted and widely applied engineering procedures, practical, with limited theoretical component.               asset/resource management.
      principles analytical, approach building models as      processes systems or methodologies.
      required
C3    As required for practice area, a selection of: law of   As required for practice area, a selection of: Law of Selection of: practiocal knowledge in applicable law,    Knowledge & interpretation of specific H&S Act,        C3
      contract, Health and Safety, Environmental,             contract, Health and Safety, intellectual property,   regulation, codes, quality systems, project              relevant Acts, the regulatory environment, Project
      intellectual property, contract administration, quality Environmental, contract administration, quality       management procedures, construction management,          management, maintenance management,
      management, risk management maintenance                 management, hazard & operability study, Project       maintenance procedures, maintenance management.
      management, regulation, project & construction          management, maintenance management, project &
      management….                                            construction management.

C4    Working knowledge of interacting disciplines           Working knowledge of interacting                       Working knowledge in disciplines requesting work         Working knowledge of interacting technologies          C4
      (engineering and other) to underpin teamwork           disciplines/technologies (engineering and other) to    and receiving outputs relating to pivotal contribution   (engineering and other) impacting on H&S aspects
                                                             underpin teamwork                                      of techniques to the system (rather than detailed
                                                                                                                    design)
D     Skills required for Complex Engineering Activities Skills required for Broadly-defined Engineering            Skills required for Well-defined Engineering             All items at least at level of Engineering
      and solving Complex Engineering Problems           Activities and solving Broadly-defined                     Activities and solving Well-defined Engineering          Technologist added detail shown below
                                                         Engineering Problems                                       Problems
D1   Skills are intellectual, conceptual, involve abstraction Skills are intellectual, conceptual                        Skills are intellectual and practical.                                                                      D1
     and modelling of physical situations and processes.

D2   Varied thinking modes: convergent, divergent,            Thinking focusses on creatively applying technology Thinking focusses on deliverables: how to do the job,                                                              D2
     lateral, original                                        its impact within entire process or project         Interpreting specification into particular context

D3   Range of technical skills specific to discipline         Range of specific skills related to technology             Skilled in specific established techniques,          Range of specific skills related to plant or mine      D3
D4   Teamwork and multidisciplinary work, technical           Teamwork and multidisciplinary work, leadership of         Teamwork: critical contribution in operational       Leadership of health & safety aspects                  D4
     leadership                                               technological aspects                                      management, practical implementation
D5   Deal with changing work requirements, human and          Deal with changing work requirements, human and            Deal with changing work requirements and                                                                    D5
     industrial relations and emerging and evolving           industrial relations and evolving technologies             techniques
     technologies
D6   Determine or develop work processes to be used           Select or extend processes to be used within   Use or adapt established procedures within practice              Determine or develop work processes to be used as      D6
                                                              technological field                            area                                                             required by specific Acts
D7   Communicate professional work to peers, other            Communicate professional work to peers, other  Communication technical outputs to superiors,                                                                           D7
                                                                                                             interpret instructions; issuing clear oral and written
     disciplines, client and interested and affected parties, disciplines, client and interested and affected parties,
     selecting appropriate modes of communication             selecting appropriate modes of communication   instructions to subordinates; receive reports, present
                                                                                                             technical/project progress information using defined
                                                                                                             formats
E    Responsibility for Complex Engineering Activities Responsibility for Broadly-defined Engineering        Responsibility for Well-defined Engineering                      All items at least at level of Engineering
                                                         Activities                                          Activities                                                       Technologist added detail shown below
E1   Responsible within broad parameters and functions Responsible within broad parameters for functions in Responsible for defined Workpackage(s))                           Full responsibility, occupational H&S risks,           E1
                                                         practice area                                                                                                        preventive action, and plant/mine engineering
E2   As required by code of conduct, relevant/applicable As required by code of conduct, relevant/applicable As required by code of conduct, legislation,                     As required by specific H&S legislation                E2
     legislation, and company policies                   legislation, and company policies                   regulation company policies; ensure operationally
                                                                                                             safe environment
E3   Fully accountable for personal contribution, for    Fully accountable for personal contribution, for    Fully accountable for workpackage solution, fully                                                                       E3
     contribution to team and for adding value to team   contribution to team and for adding value to team   reported to requestor of work
     activity.                                           activity.
E4   Responsible for assessing and managing wider &      Responsible for assessing immediate & long-term     Assessing immediate risks and impacts of solution,               Responsible for short & long term impacts within and   E4
     long-term impacts of work                           impacts of work of technology and interacting areas referring technical and financial risks to superior.             beyond boundaries of plant/mine

E5   Work within value system for effective engineering       Work within value system for effective application of      Work within value system for effective application of Work within value system for effective assurance of   E5
                                                              technology                                                 techniques.                                           H&S and enterprise objectives
E6   Work strategically, focussing on on-time, in-            Work strategically, focussing on on-time, in-              Work systematically, focus on on-time, in-                                                                  E6
     specification completion of deliverables                 specification completion of deliverables                   specification completion of deliverables
E7   Work outcomes are subject to review by experienced Work outcomes are subject to review by experienced Work outcomes are subject to review by experienced Work subject to review by Stage 3 Certificated                         E7
     Engineer                                            Technologist or Engineer                            Technician, Technologist or Engineer                Engineer; is subject to authority of Employer; has
                                                                                                                                                                 recourse to higher authority
E8   Full personal responsibility and accountability for Full personal responsibility and accountability for Full personal responsibility and accountability for                                                                     E8
     own Continuing Professional Development             own Continuing Professional Development             own Continuing Professional Development

				
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