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					Labrador Straits Wildberry
    Conference 2007
             Marlene Wynnyk

            The Healing Arc Inc.

Health Benefits of Natural Wild Berries
   The Importance of Colour In Wild berries

            Plant Colours and Health

• Bioflavonoids

• Carotenoids (yellow pigments, from which vitamin A
  can be derived)

• Chlorophyll
           Bioflavonids: Flavonoids
             The terms are interchangeable

• Chemically they are “benzoquinones” and
  their derivatives
• Anthocyanins (major flavonoid in wild
• Anthocyanin produce the colour of
  cranberries, blueberries, partridgeberries etc.

      Nature’s Biological Response Modifiers To

• Allergies
• Viruses
• Carcinogens.

In addition they show anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, anti-
              microbial and anti cancer activity.

• Carotenoids are yellow or orange compounds, which are chemically
  related to vitamin A
• They functions as precursors to vitamin A-and in its turn vitamin A is
  converted to retinol.
• Carotenoids impart a yellow, orange or red colour to fruits and
  vegetables. E.g. of carotenoids in wild berries include bake apple
  sea buckthorn, partridge berry etc.
• Carotenoids are believed to protect the plants from damage from
  singlet oxygen - produced from light energy and in the
  photosynthetic process
• Chlorophyll gives plants their green colour
• Chlorophyll is vital for photo synthesis which allows plants to
  obtain energy from light
• Chlorophyll is the molecule that absorbs sunlight and uses its
  energy to synthesize carbohydrates from Co2and water
• Since humans obtain their food supply by eating plants,
  photosynthesis can be said to be the source of our life
• An antioxidant is a molecule capable of slowing or
  preventing the oxidation of other molecules
• The term anti oxidant originally was used to refer to a
  chemical that prevented the consumption of oxygen.
  E.g.. Prevention of metal corrosion
• Antioxidants are classified into two broad divisions,
  depending whether they are soluble in water
  (hydrophilic) or in lipids (hydrophobic)
• With the identification of Vitamins A, C, and E as
  antioxidants awareness was gained as to their
  importance to Health
Functional Food and Nutracuetical Trends

• There is an every increasing demand for wild berries by the
  functional food industry.

• Flavonoids from blueberries, crowberries etc. are valued for
  their medicinal properties in the prevention of cancers and
  cardiovascular disease.

• The beneficial effects of wild berries, tea and even red wine
  have been attributed to flavonoid compounds rather than
  known nutrients and vitamins.
              Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)

•   Fresh Fruit is your best source of nutrients
•   Research and marketing has popularized cranberries

                          Nutritional Properties

•   Calcium, folate, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphrous,
    potassium, selenium, sulfer, Vitamin A, Vitamins B-1, B-2,B-3,B-5,
    Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Zinc
•   Phytochemicals: Anthocyanocides, beta-carotene, lutein, quercetin

                             Health Benefits

•   Proanthocyanidins (PACS) have been shown to prevent certain types
    of bacteria from adhering to the walls of the urinary tract.
•   PACS are thought to help prevent gum disease and stomach ulcers
•   PACs are considered a good preventative measure against cancer.
                         Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum)

•   Twice the Vitamin C of Blueberries
•   Grows in areas similar to partridgeberry.
•   Crowberry is gaining popularity in the beverage industry

                                   Nutritional Properties
•   Vitamin C
•   Dark Purple colour indicates high levels of anthocyanins
•   Large seed provides excellent fiber

                                       Health Benefits
•   The health benefits of crowberry are still under investigation
•   High Vitamin C for the immune system
•   High fiber for intestinal support.
•   Relaxation (Auk Island Winery has the finest Crowberry wine)
                    Partridgeberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)

•   Internationally known as the lingonberry
•   Relative of the cranberry

                           Nutritional Properties Include

•   High in Vitamin C
•   Tannin
•   Anthocyanin
•   Antioxidants.

                                  Health Benefits

•   Prevention of High Blood Pressure
•   Treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections
•   Prevention of cardiovascular disease
•   Improved circulation
•   Prevention of certain forms of cancer
                  Wild Blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium)

•   Far superior to their cultivated cousins in nutritional properties and flavour
•   Wild Blue Berries have a very high (ORAC) Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity.
•   This test is for comparing anti-oxidant efficacy.

                                  Nutritional Properties

•   Vitamin C, Niacin, Manganese, Carbohydrates, Dietary Fiber
•   High content of anthocyanin and antioxidants

                                      Health Benefits
•   Prevention of high blood pressure
•   Prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections
•   Prevention of cardiovascular disease
•   Prevention of cataracts.
•   Improved circulation
•   Prevention of certain forms of cancer.
                         Bakeapple (Rubus chanaemorus)

•   Internationally known as Cloudberrry
•   Unlike most rubus species, the cloudberry does not self-pollinate.
•   Pollination requires a plant of the opposite sex

                                      Nutritonal Properties

•   High Vitamin C content
•   Benzoic acid content acts as a natural preservative

                                         Health Benefits

•   Tea made from leaves used to treat urinary tract infections
•   Prevention of Scurvy
•   Gourmet delicacy.
Wingham Ontario

Sea Buckthorn

5 year old tree
• Sea Buckthorn
  Pruning 2007
• Weight of berries
  breaking branches
• Pruned branch from 4
  year old Sea buckthorn

If I knew I was going to live this long I
would have taken better care of
                           Carey Grant

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