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Baby Wellness Guide
Ages

6 months – 2 years

Looking Forward to Each Day as Parents
Six months into getting to know each other, you and your baby have most likely settled into some comfortable routines around eating, sleeping, and playing. Also, now that you are more familiar with your baby, you’re probably beginning to feel a little more confident about your parenting skills. So what comes next? New habits, more firsts, and many more questions! Every day with your baby is filled with new experiences. This guide will help answer your questions about specific parenting issues you may face as your baby grows. As always, be sure to follow the advice of your pediatrician and get ready to enjoy this next stage of parenting. It will be a wonderful experience for both you and your baby.

	
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Helpful highlights: Your Baby and Sleep Nutrition and Teething New Behaviors Babysitters Checkups & Immunizations Colds & Flu Safety Measures Contact Information Fun Stuff

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years



Your Baby and Sleep
For most babies, sleep patterns start to become more predictable after -4 months of age and even though each baby is an individual when it comes to sleep, by 6 months babies generally sleep longer at night. Although your baby is older now, your baby still needs lots of sleep. Here are some ideas of what to expect:

6 to 12 months
Between 6 and  months, babies sleep about 4-5 hours per day, with some babies sleeping more and some sleeping less. At 6 months, babies still need -3 naps per day, but by  months many babies may only need  naps per day.

12 to 24 months
At this age, babies sleep about -4 hours per day and at  months most are still taking  naps a day. Although most babies will have dropped to  nap a day by 8 months, naps will not be given up completely during this age. Daytime naps are still important and well rested babies are less likely to become cranky or overtired.

Routines
A comforting, unwinding routine before bed will not only help your baby fall asleep, it will create a pattern your baby will associate with going to bed. To make sure these cues work, try to stick to the same schedule every night. Also try to create routines that you and your baby will enjoy — like a bath, a soothing massage, a story, then quietly off to sleep. And just like setting a regular time to go to sleep at night, naps should be as close to the same time every day as possible. For a customized sleep profile specific to your baby’s needs, visit johnsonsbaby.com/sleep.

Try JOHNSON’S® clinically proven, 3-step before-bed routine to help your baby fall asleep easier and sleep better through the night. Start with a warm bath using JOHNSON’S® BEDTIME BATH® with NATURALCALM™ essences, as you bond with your baby and help her unwind before bed. Follow with your touch and gentle massage using JOHNSON’S® BEDTIME LOTION® with NATURALCALM™ essences. Then enjoy some quiet activities together, like cuddling and reading, right before it’s time for sleep.

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years

3

Nutrition and Teething
Two milestones that go together — teething and being able to eat solid foods — are big moments. Not only is your baby getting to try new foods, this is a chance for your baby to join the family at mealtime.

Teething
Your baby’s first teeth may start to come in as early as 3 months or as late as 4 months. How will you know your baby is teething? Here are some signs:
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Swollen, red gums Excessive drooling

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Inflamed cheek(s) Desire to bite just about anything and everything

Getting those first teeth can also be uncomfortable. Here are some things to try:
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Gently massage your baby’s gums with your index finger to numb the pain before feeding. Give your baby something cold to bite on, such as a chilled washcloth or firm rubber teething ring. Apply an infant teething gel to your baby’s gums. Give your baby a non-aspirin infant pain reliever *— following your pediatrician’s advice.

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*Take only as directed by your doctor. Talk to your doctor. Your doctor may recommend a non-aspirin pain reliever like Infants’ TYLENOL® (acetaminophen) to help soothe your baby’s teething discomfort.

Adding solid foods

Not sure if your baby’s ready to eat solid foods? Ask your pediatrician. Starting your baby on solids too early is not a good idea. Your baby’s digestive system needs to be ready to process solid foods. Waiting reduces the likelihood of your baby developing allergies to these foods. When your baby is between the ages of 4 and 7 months, bland, gentle foods, such as purees of cooked vegetables, cooked fruit, and baby rice cereal mixed with cool water, breast milk, or formula are good first solid foods. Also, sometimes babies develop diaper rash when starting on solid or new foods, so you may want to apply a gentle diaper rash ointment to your baby’s clean, dry diaper area to help prevent rash. Between the ages of 8 and  months, your baby still needs the nutrients provided in breast milk or formula! Your baby also needs nutrition from other foods. Healthy choices are best for your baby. Avoid giving your baby foods that have added salt or sugar. Swallowing solid food is new for your baby. Spitting food out doesn’t necessarily mean your baby doesn’t like the food — it may just mean your baby needs more practice.
Note: To prevent your baby from choking, do not put baby rice or any solid food into your baby’s bottle. Also, always watch your baby while he’s eating. Even older babies can still choke.

DESITIN® CREAMY® Diaper Rash Ointment is the # pediatrician recommended brand.

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years

4

New Behaviors
Your baby has been learning at a rapid pace, and around 4 months, maybe earlier, it all begins to come together. Your child is aware of other people and their feelings — they express concern and want to make people who are sad feel better. They’re also becoming independent and will knowingly ignore adults. “No” becomes a favorite word. They realize they can do things and explore. They can communicate some of their feelings.

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The Terrible Twos and Tantrums
Children are always learning and testing their boundaries and temper tantrums can often result from a child’s frustration and a sense of being overwhelmed. Just as it’s very hard for adults to fully communicate their thoughts, it can be even harder for children to do so. They may experience a lot of emotions all at once, and lacking the ability to express themselves verbally, may show their frustration by biting, yelling, and kicking.

How to unwind a tantrum
Tantrums can be trying. Try remaining calm yourself while you identify the source of the tantrum so that you can help your child calm down. If your child is tired, provide some quiet time. If your child is frustrated, help your child work through it by asking questions and listening. Your child may be having difficulty putting into words what he or she wants. Most importantly, always reassure your child and praise positive behavior.

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years

5

Babysitters
Sometimes parents need help caring for and watching their children. Whether you work all day and are looking for in-home childcare, or you just need a babysitter for the evening, parents need some reliable options. Give yourself time to find someone you feel comfortable with. Your pediatrician, friends, and family members are excellent resources. They can give you several referrals and help you with the interviewing process.

Interviewing possible candidates
Some questions you may want to ask a prospective babysitter:
. How long have you been babysitting? . What experience do you have with children this age? 3. May I call your references? 4. When are you available? After school, evenings, weekends? 5. What kind of meals and snacks can you prepare?

Some questions you may want to ask a candidate for in-home childcare:
. What accreditation or child development training do you have? . What experience do you have with children this age? 3. May I call your references? 4. What would a typical day be like for my child under your care? Would you play games together? Watch television? 5. How do you discipline children? Is it possible for you to align your style with mine? 6. What kind of meals and snacks do you prepare? 7. How do you deal with frustration? Ask questions like, “What if a, b, and c don’t work? What next?” to gauge how this person would react in frustrating situations.

Preparing for the first day
The list below can help prepare your babysitter or in-home childcare person:
Print out and show them all of your contact and emergency information. Print out and review your child’s allergies — food, medicine, products, insects. Review your child’s schedule for naps, playtime, and meals. List activities your child likes and discuss activities you want your child to avoid. List family members or friends who may call or come over when you aren’t home. Show them where the first aid supplies are located.

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years

6

Checkups & Immunizations
You want your baby to be healthy! That’s why regular checkups and immunizations are very important for your baby’s health. In fact, your baby’s first checkup is actually done at the hospital before you leave!

When to schedule checkups and immunizations
Your pediatrician will tell you how often to schedule checkups for your baby. Usually, they’ll be by  month, at  months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months,  months, 5 months, 8 months,  years, and 3 years. At these visits, your baby will be weighed and measured to be sure your baby is growing at a healthy rate. Your pediatrician will also check your baby’s vision, hearing, and reflexes, and listen to your baby’s heartbeat. Your baby may also receive an immunization. Most of your baby’s immunizations will happen between 6 and 8 months of age — usually at one of the routine checkups. Your baby may receive shots during these visits to help protect against polio, measles, and other illnesses. Sometimes babies feel discomfort after these shots. Your infant may even cry. Some babies get fevers. But, don’t worry. These are all normal reactions.

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years

7

Colds & Flu
Children get sick. Being prepared may help them feel better.

Fevers
The best way to confirm that your child has a temperature is with a thermometer. There are two thermometer options for children under 3 years — rectal or tympanic (ear). Of the two, rectal is generally considered the more reliable way to take a child’s temperature.

When to call the doctor
	3	to	6	months: If the temperature is 0ºF or more 6	to	12	months:	 If the temperature is 03ºF or more All	ages:	 If a fever lasts more than 3 days If your baby is throwing up
*Take only as directed by your doctor. Talk to your doctor. When used as directed, Infants’ TYLENOL® (acetaminophen) provides effective relief of your baby’s pain and fever symptoms. Pediatricians have relied on it for more than 40 years.

If your baby has a rash If your baby has diarrhea If your baby is unusually sleepy, fussy, cranky, or quiet If you are worried

Things to have on hand
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Phone numbers for your pediatrician, poison control center, and pharmacy A list of medications your child is allergic to Thermometer Non-medicated vaporizer Age-appropriate, aspirin-free medications like Infants’ TYLENOL® or Infants’ MOTRIN®

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*Take only as directed by your doctor. Infants’ MOTRIN (ibuprofen) temporarily reduces high fever and relieves minor aches and pains due to the common cold, flu, sore throat, headaches and toothaches for up to 8 hours.
®

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How to soothe your sick child
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Apply a cool washcloth Give a bath in warm, not cool water Keep your child comfortably dressed — don’t over layer Keep your child hydrated Reassure your child — spend time reading with your child or let your child sit in your lap

Comfort them with PEDIACARE GENTLE VAPORS . This waterless vaporizer and nightlight releases a unique blend of non-medicated aromatic vapors to soothe and comfort children when they feel under the weather. Bedtime, daytime, or naptime.
® ®

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Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years

8

Safety Measures
Finding new ways to make your house safe for your ever-curious child is a never-ending process. Here are some helpful safety tips to consider:

. Keep anything your baby could swallow and shouldn’t out of reach. For example, keep household cleaners, poisons, medications, arts and craft supplies, and even toiletries like shampoos or lotions in hard-to-open cabinets. . Secure or remove any objects that could be pulled off tables or countertops. If an object looks interesting to your child from their eye-level, it could be tempting for them to reach and pull it down. 3. Secure appliances, bookcases, shelves, armoires, and cabinets to the wall to keep them from falling on your child. 4. Keep interesting things that dangle, like curtain or blind cords, out of reach. Trim them or buy a device that shortens them. 5. Plug unused electrical outlets with fitted covers. 6. Install stair gates that fit the width of the stairwell. 7. When cooking, try to use the back burners and always keep handles turned away from the flame — both steps will help keep them out of reach. 8. Never leave a child near or in water unsupervised. Children can drown in as little as  inches of water.

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years

9

Contact Information
Keep emergency information at hand — print out and post the Contact List by the phone and pop the Wallet Card in your purse or billfold.

Contact Sheet
Child’s	Name 	 Our	Address

Child’s	doctors’	phone	numbers

General practitioner Dentist Specialists

Emergency	contacts

Family Member # Cell phone Family Member # Cell phone Work phone Work phone

Alternate	caregiver

Name Relationship to child

Important Information
Child’s	Name Our	Address Child’s medical conditions/allergies

General practitioner Dentist Specialists

Fold

Wallet Card

Emergency contacts

Cut here Cut here

Cell phone

✃

✃

Phone

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years

0

Fun Stuff
Spending quality time with your child can be very rewarding for both of you. There are hundreds of interesting things you can do with your child. Playing games or working on a project together can fill your child with happy memories that will last a lifetime. Try these simple projects you can do with your child, or make up some fun things of your own.

ABCs
Teach your child his or her ABCs. Sing the song together. Draw or cut out the letters of the alphabet to visually reinforce the learning process.

Sock puppets
Be creative. Making simple toys with household items can be a fun and easy way to play with your child.
Note: Avoid using small parts that can cause your baby to choke.

Baby Wellness Guide Ages 6 Months - 2 years



Enjoying Every Stage of Parenting
You’ve reached many milestones with your child and have learned many new parenting skills. Each day presents parents with many new surprises, and there are always lots of questions that arise. Hopefully, we have answered some of them in this guide. Be sure to visit baby.com for more helpful tips and information. When you do, don’t forget to give us your feedback by clicking on the Contact baby.com link. We’d love to hear your comments and suggestions on this guide. Watching your child learn and grow can be a lot of fun. There are always new things about your child to enjoy and share with your family and friends. We wish you the very best at every stage of your child’s development and look forward to sharing the joys of parenting with you in the future.
Infants’ TYLENOL®, Infants’ MOTRIN® and PEDIACARE® GENTLE VAPORS® are brands and products of McNEIL-PPC, Inc. JOHNSON’S® BEDTIME BATH®, JOHNSON’S® BEDTIME LOTION®, and DESITIN® CREAMY® Ointment are brands and products of Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc.


				
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