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The Gold Rush

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					The Gold Rush
    Chapter 12
     lesson 2
             The Big Picture
• In the 1800s, the U.S. grew in size

• In 1803, President Jefferson bought
  the Louisiana
  Territory from
  France

• Now the U.S.
  stretched from
  the Atlantic Ocean
  to the Pacific Ocean!
              At Sutter’s Mill
• In 1848, John Sutter, a businessman,
  decided to build a sawmill near Sacramento
• His builder found
  gold there, and
  Sutter tried to
  keep it a secret
• In May, newspapers
  told about the
  “cry of gold!, gold!,
  GOLD!”
          The Gold Rush Begins
• The discovery at Sutter’s Mill marked the
  beginning of the Gold Rush

• This means a sudden
  movement of people
  to an area where gold
  has been found

• At first, it was just Westerners,
  but then people from the East
  joined the rush!
             The Gold Rush
• Finding gold
  wasn’t so easy
  – Had to cross
    Rockies and
    Sierra Nevada
  – Few roads and
    trails
  – Much of the
    land was
    unknown to
    Americans
             Forty-Niners
• In 1848, San Francisco, CA had 800
  people
• In 1849, over 25,000
  people lived there!
• So many people came
  to CA in 1849 that
  they were known as
  the Forty-Niners!
           How did the 49ers
             get to CA?
• Some traveled by wagon
  – In 1850, an explorer found a pass
    through the Sierra Nevada
  – This made the journey much easier!

• Others sailed all the way around
  South America!

• Journeys could take 6 months!
           Panning For Gold
• Miners camped along streams
• They scooped up water and dirt in
  pans and shook them to separate gold
  pieces from mud

• Others used a
  pick and a shovel
           Panning For Gold
• A few people
  struck it rich
  but most found
  nothing…
  – In 1849, over
    40 million dollars
    worth of gold was
    found!
           “Pikes Peak or Bust”
• By 1852, more than 250,000 people lived in
  CA!

• In 1859, gold was found near Pikes Peak in
  CO

• Crowds then headed for
  MT, NV, and AK in
  search of gold

• The Gold Rush changed
  the West!
                    Ghost Towns
• Many communities grew because of “gold fever”

• Some towns
  grew to large
  cities, but in
  many cases,
  the miners left
  as soon as the
  gold ran out

• Almost overnight, a town could become a ghost
  town – an empty town without people
         Immigrants In The West
• San Francisco did not become a ghost town

• It attracted
  immigrants from
  all over the world
  – mostly from China

• The area in San
  Francisco where
  they settled became
  known as Chinatown
        Working On the Railroad
• Many Chinese immigrants started businesses
  and restaurants
• Thousands
  worked on the
  transcontinental
  railroad –
  “across the
  continent”
• The tracks
  started in 2
  places
                  TRAVEL
• The transcontinental railroad was
  complete in May 1869 when the tracks
  met at Promontory Point in Utah

• Now people could
  travel to the West
  quickly and cheaply!

• Good could be
  shipped more easily!

				
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posted:4/22/2013
language:English
pages:14