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Acronyms - EERE - U.S. Department of Energy


AAA                American Automobile Association
AAPA               American Association of Port Authorities
AASHTO             American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
ADM                Archer Daniels Midland
AEO                Annual Energy Outlook (DOE/EIA publication)
AFDC               Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center
AFV                Alternative fuel vehicle
AHJ                Authorities having jurisdiction
AirCRED            Ozone Emission Reduction Credit Calculation Model
ALA                American Lung Association
AMPO               Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations
ANL                Argonne National Laboratory
ANOPR              Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
ANWR               Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
AOP                Annual Operating Plan
APA                American Planning Association
API                American Petroleum Institute
APTA               American Public Transportation Association
APU                Auxiliary power unit
AQMD               Air Quality Management District
ARB                Air Resources Board
ARRA               American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (aka Recovery Act)
ASTM               ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing and Materials)
ATA                American Trucking Associations
ATV                Advanced Technology Vehicle
B100               100% (neat) biodiesel
B20                Blend of 20% biodiesel and 80% petroleum-based diesel
BEV                Battery electric vehicle
BNL                Brookhaven National Laboratory
BRT                Bus rapid transit
Btu                British thermal unit
CAA                Clean Air Act
CAAA               Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
CAFE               Corporate Average Fuel Economy
CARB               California Air Resources Board

Updated: February 9, 2012                                                                     1
CC                 Clean Cities
CCN                Clean Cities Now (biannual newsletter)
CCTV               Clean Cities TV
CCU                Clean Cities University
CEC                California Energy Commission
CFR                Code of Federal Regulations
CMAQ               Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (FHWA and FTA)
CMSA               Consolidated metropolitan statistical area
CNG                Compressed natural gas
CO                 Carbon monoxide
CO 2               Carbon dioxide
COG                Council of governments
CVEF               Clean Vehicle Education Foundation
CY                 Calendar year
DEQ                Department of Environmental Quality
DGE                Diesel gallon equivalent
DNR                Department of Natural Resources
DOD                U.S. Department of Defense
DOE                U.S. Department of Energy
DOJ                U.S. Department of Justice
DOT                U.S. Department of Transportation
E10                Blend of 10% ethanol and 90% unleaded gasoline
E85                Gasoline-ethanol blend containing 51% to 83% ethanol
EDF                Environmental Defense Fund
EDTA               Electric Drive Transportation Association
EERE               Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (DOE)
EESI               Environmental and Energy Study Institute
EIA                Energy Information Administration (DOE)
EID                Energy Independence Days (see also TEP)
EISA               Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007
EO                 Executive Order
EPA                U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
EPACT, EPAct       Energy Policy Act
EREV               Extended-range electric vehicle
ETBE               Ethyl tertiary butyl ether

Updated: February 9, 2012                                                             2
EV                 All-electric vehicle
EVITP              Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training Program
EVSE               Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment
FAA                Federal Aviation Administration
FC                 Fuel cell
FCEV               Fuel cell electric vehicle
FCHEA              Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Association
FCV                Fuel cell vehicle
FEG                Fuel Economy Guide
FEMP               Federal Energy Management Program (DOE)
FERC               Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FFV                Flexible fuel vehicle
FHWA               Federal Highway Administration
FR                 Federal Register
FTA                Federal Transit Administration
FY                 Fiscal year
GAO                U.S. Government Accountability Office
GATE               Graduate Automotive Technology Education Program (DOE)
GGE, gge           Gasoline gallon equivalent
GHG                Greenhouse gas
GPRA               Government Performance and Results Act
GREET Model        Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation Model
GSA                U.S. General Services Administration
GVWR               Gross vehicle weight rating
H2                 Hydrogen gas
HC                 Hydrocarbon
HD                 Heavy-duty
HDRD               Hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel
HDV                Heavy-duty vehicle
HEV                Hybrid electric vehicle
HFCIT              Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program (DOE)
HOV                High occupancy vehicle
ICE                Internal combustion engine
ICLEI              Local Governments for Sustainability (formerly International Council for Local
                   Environmental Initiatives)

Updated: February 9, 2012                                                                           3
ICLEI USA          Local Governments for Sustainability USA
IG                 Inspector general
ILEV               Inherently low emission vehicle
IPAA               Independent Petroleum Association of America
IPEEC              International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation
IRS                Internal Revenue Service
IRT                Idle-reduction technology
ISTEA              Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (authorized CMAQ)
LD                 Light-duty
LDV                Light-duty vehicle
LEV                Low emission vehicle
LNG                Liquefied natural gas
LPG                Liquefied petroleum gas (propane)
LSV                Low-speed vehicle
LTI                Leonardo Technologies, Inc.
MD                 Medium-duty
MDV                Medium-duty vehicle
MOU                Memorandum of understanding
MPG, mpg           Miles per gallon
MPO                Metropolitan planning organization
MSA                Metropolitan statistical area
MSATs              Mobile source air toxics
MSDS               Material safety data sheet
MTBE               Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether
MY                 Model year
NAAQS              National Ambient Air Quality Standards
NACo               National Association of Counties
NACS               Association for Convenience and Fuels Retailing (formerly National Association of
                   Convenience Stores)
NADA               National Automobile Dealers Association
NAFA               NAFA Fleet Management Association (formerly National Association of Fleet
NAFTC              National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium
NAPT               National Association for Pupil Transportation
NARC               National Association of Regional Councils
NASEO              National Association of State Energy Officials

Updated: February 9, 2012                                                                              4
NATaT              National Association of Towns and Townships
NATSO              NATSO (formerly National Association of Truck Stop Operators)
NBB                National Biodiesel Board
NCSFA              National Conference of State Fleet Administrators
NCSL               National Conference of State Legislatures
NECA               National Electrical Contractors Association
NEED               National Energy Education Development Project
NEF                National Energy Foundation
NEMS               National Energy Modeling System
NEP                National Energy Policy
NEPA               National Environmental Policy Act
NETL               National Energy Technology Laboratory
NEV                Neighborhood electric vehicle
NFPA               National Fire Protection Association
NGA                National Governors Association
NGO                Nongovernmental organization
NGV                Natural gas vehicle
NGVAmerica         Natural Gas Vehicles for America
NGVTF              Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum
NHTSA              National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NIST               National Institute of Standards and Technology
NLC                National League of Cities
NOPR               Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NO x               Oxides of nitrogen
NPR                National Public Radio
NPS                National Park Service
NRDC               Natural Resources Defense Council
NREL               National Renewable Energy Laboratory
NSF                National Science Foundation
NSTA               National School Transportation Association
NTEA               National Truck Equipment Association
NYSERDA            New York State Energy Research and Development Authority
OEM                Original equipment manufacturer
OPEC               Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
ORNL               Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Updated: February 9, 2012                                                          5
PBS                Public Broadcasting Service
PERC               Propane Education & Research Council
PHEV               Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle
PM                 Particulate matter
PMAA               Petroleum Marketers Association of America
ppm                parts per million
PSA                Public service announcement
R,D,D&D            Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment
RD&D               Research, Development, and Deployment
RFA                Renewable Fuels Association
RFG                Reformulated gasoline
RFP                Request for proposals
RFS                Renewable Fuel Standard
RIN                Renewable Identification Number
ROI                Return on investment
RSS                Really simple syndication
RTA                Regional transportation authority
S&FP               State and Alternative Fuel Provider
SAE                Society of Automotive Engineers
SAFETEA-LU         Safe, Accountable, Flexible, and Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users
SBIR               Small Business Innovation Research
SEO                State energy office
SEP                State Energy Program
SIGMA              Society of Independent Gas Marketers of America
SIP                State Implementation Plan
SPR                Strategic Petroleum Reserve
STIP               State Transportation Improvement Plan
SULEV              Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle
SUV                Sport utility vehicle
TARP               Troubled Asset Relief Program
TCM                Transportation Control Measures
TEA-21             Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
TEDB               Transportation Energy Data Book
TEP                Transportation Energy Partners
TIP                Transportation Improvement Plan

Updated: February 9, 2012                                                                             6
TLPA                Taxicab, Limousine & Paratransit Association
TRB                 Transportation Research Board
TRS                 Technical Response Service
TSE                 Truck stop electrification
TUG                 Transit users group
UL                  Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
ULEV                Ultra Low Emission Vehicle
ULSD                Ultra low sulfur diesel
USB                 United Soybean Board
USCAR               U.S. Council for Automotive Research
USCM                U.S. Conference of Mayors
USDA                U.S. Department of Agriculture
VALE                Voluntary Airport Low Emissions Program (FAA)
VEETC               Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit
VMT                 Vehicle miles traveled
VOC                 Volatile organic compounds
VTP                 Vehicle Technologies Program (DOE)
ZEV                 Zero emission vehicle

This list is also available on the Clean Cities website at

For more information on technical terms, use the glossary on the AFDC website at

Updated: February 9, 2012                                                          7

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