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Group Seek & Find • P. 360 – 362 1. Preparing for War • Make & Fill in your Northern Southern chart of Resources Resources Resources (Strengths) (Strengths) (strengths) of the North & South • Make & Fill in your chart of the Strategies Northern Southern Strategies Strategies of the North & South Northern Southern (Resources) (Resources) Strengths Strengths Rating the North & the South Northern Strengths Southern Strengths • Existing army and • Experienced military navy commanders (best • Large population generals) could provide more • Fighting for a strong soldiers and workers belief in self- • More factories to government and their produce supplies way of life • Needed only to defend territory, not to attack Northern Strategies Southern Strategies Northern Strategies Southern Strategies • Use blockade to • Prepare and wait, prevent south from hoping union will not trading pursue war • Gain control of the • Push back Union Mississippi River attacks until (Anaconda Plan) Northerners lose the • Capture Confederate will to fight capital of Richmond, • Gain support of Virginia European countries Statistics Refresh: Who had the advantage? Anaconda Plan • Surround the south, and cut off it’s supplies ( a huge siege) • The Anaconda Plan THE ANACONDA PLAN • Union General Winfield Scott developed the first major Union strategy in the Civil War, the Anaconda Plan. Under the Anaconda Plan, the Union planned to blockade ports in the South while taking control of the land around the Mississippi river, effectively cutting off the South’s supply and distribution lines. 1.) Outline the Mississippi River in blue 2.) Make red dots on the ports that were to be blockage/captured 3.) Make a purple dot on the Confederate capitol 4.) Shade the area that was to be contained by the Anaconda Plan Questions • What waterways and ports did Scott propose blocking? Waterways - Atlantic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico as well as the Mississippi River; Forts Jackson and Saint Philip • What was the ultimate goal of Scott’s Anaconda Plan? Gain control of the Mississippi in order to cut the South’s supply lines and distribution lines • In what way might Scott’s Anaconda Plan have led to the quick defeat of the Confederacy? A successful execution of the Anaconda Plan would have left the South w/o the resources necessary to continue fighting • What is meant by the metaphor of the ‘anaconda’? Constricting the South, much like an anaconda constricts its prey, until its life lines, or supplies, are cut off Weapon Explanation 1.) 2.) Modern War 2.) A war in which advancements 3.) in technology increase 4.) casualty rates 5.) 6.) 7.) Modern Warfare Colt Revolver: fires 6 times without reloading Modern Warfare Repeating Rifle: fires 7 times without reloading & more accurate Modern Warfare Rapid fire gun fires 65 times per minute Modern Warfare Gatling Gun machine gun… 600 rounds per minute Modern Warfare Bullets with rifling More accurate, cause (grooves) : more damage Gangrene Infection from war wound Surgical Instruments Red Cross Nurses Modern Warfare Shell hollow casing filled with black powder – fuse to ignite Modern Warfare Ironclad Ship Iron plates cover wooden ship… bullet proof! 3. Union Leaders a. _____________ = Head Ulysses S Grant general of Union forces i. Strategy = _____________… fight War of Attrition to the last man standing • Characterized by high casualty rates • Side with more resources wins William T. Sherman b. _________________ = general of Union forces i. Strategy = _______________ Scorched Earth Policy _______________ … burn anything that might be useful to the enemy ii. Infamous for _________________ : Sherman’s March captured Atlanta and burned everything as troops marched to Savannah “There are few, I believe, in Is it not strange that the descendants of those this enlightened age, who will Pilgrim Fathers who crossed the Atlantic to not acknowledge that slavery own freedom have a moral and preserve their as an institution isalways proved the most intolerant of the spiritual liberty ofLee 4. Confederate Leaders others? political evil.” – Robert E. a. _______________ = President Jefferson Davis of Confederacy b. ______________________ = Robert E. Lee head general of Confederate forces i. Opposed to secession ii. turned down Lincoln’s offer to lead Union forces Defensive War iii. strategy = _______________ * do not need to win… just need to tire out North Thomas J. “Stonewall” c. __________________ Jackson = Confederate General i. Strategy: uses cavalry to outflank enemy and attack supply line ii. Accidentally shot and killed by his own troops "Give General Jackson my affectionate regards, and say to him: he has lost his left arm but I my right." – Robert E. Lee Songs of the Civil War http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_Hymn_of_the_Republic Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord; He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored; He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword; His truth is marching on. Glory, glory, hallelujah! Listen His truth is marching on. Full version of Battle Hymn of the Republic by Julia Ward Howe Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored, He has loosed the fateful lightening of His terrible swift sword Chorus: His truth is marching on. Glory! Glory! Hallelujah! Glory! Glory! Hallelujah! Glory! Glory! Hallelujah! His truth is marching on I have seen Him in the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps Chorus I have read a fiery gospel writ in burnish`d rows of steel, "As ye deal with my contemners, So with you my grace shall deal;" Let the Hero, born of woman, crush the serpent with his heel Chorus He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judgment-seat Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Him! be jubilant, my feet! Chorus In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea, With a glory in His bosom that transfigures you and me: As He died to make men holy, let us die to make men free, John Brown’s Song • Old John Brown’s body lies moldering in the grave, While weep the sons of bondage whom he ventured all to save; But tho he lost his life while struggling for the slave, His soul is marching on. • John Brown was a hero, undaunted, true and brave, And Kansas knows his valor when he fought her rights to save; Now, tho the grass grows green above his grave, His soul is marching on. • He captured Harper’s Ferry, with his nineteen men so few, And frightened "Old Virginny" till she trembled thru and thru; They hung him for a traitor, themselves the traitor crew, But his soul is marching on. • John Brown was John the Baptist of the Christ we are to see, Christ who of the bondmen shall the Liberator be, And soon thruout the Sunny South the slaves shall all be free, For his soul is marching on. • The conflict that he heralded he looks from heaven to view, On the army of the Union with its flag red, white and blue. And heaven shall ring with anthems o’er the deed they mean to do, For his soul is marching on. • Ye soldiers of Freedom, then strike, while strike ye may, The death blow of oppression in a better time and way, For the dawn of old John Brown has brightened into day, And his soul is marching on. Oh, I wish I was in the land of cotton, Cinnamon seed and sandy bottom, Look away, look away, look away Dixie Land. In Dixie Land, where I was born in, Early on one frosty mornin’ Look away, look away, look away Dixie Land I wish I was in Dixie, Hooray! Hooray! To live and die in Dixie Away, away, away down south in Dixie Listen Away, away, away down south in Dixie Full Version of Dixie O, I wish I was in the land of cotton Old times there are not forgotten Look away! Look away! Look away! Dixie Land. In Dixie Land where I was born in Early on one frosty mornin' Look away! Look away! Look away! Dixie Land. Chorus: O, I wish I was in Dixie! Hooray! Hooray! In Dixie Land I'll take my stand To live and die in Dixie Away, away, Away down south in Dixie! Old Missus marry Will, the weaver, William was a gay deceiver Look away! Look away! Look away! Dixie Land. But when he put his arm around her He smiled as fierce as a forty pounder Look away! Look away! Look away! Dixie Land. Chorus His face was sharp as a butcher's cleaver But that did not seem to grieve her Look away! Look away! Look away! Dixie Land. Old Missus acted the foolish part And died for a man that broke her heart Look away! Look away! Look away! Dixie Land. Chorus Questions: 1. Why do you think poet Julia Ward Howe changed the lyrics to “John Brown’s Body” to “The Battle Hymn of the Republic”? 2. Analyze Lyrics: Why do you think Union soldiers found “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” so inspiring? 3. Draw Inferences: Why might Lincoln have asked for “Dixie” to be played when the war ended?
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