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PowerPoint Presentation - Citizenship Test

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					Citizenship Test

   Lisa Glassman
 Christopher LaForgia
     Neil Putman
              Introduction
• Questions: How would Dartmouth
  Students fare on the U.S. Citizenship
  Test?

• Does Major Choice effect the results?

• Does home residency effect the results?
                  Methodology
• Selection process: Blitz/ Math 5 Class
• Number of people blitzed: 237
• Two clusters, and two random classes, one of 06s and
  one of 05s.
• Responses: 123 = 51.9% response rate
• Also used were 15 from Math 5 Class, only used 05s
  and 06s.
• Selection of questions (10/100). To ensure that it
  covered as much material as possible and varied in
  difficulty of the questions, we hand picked the questions,
  rather than selecting them completely randomly in order
  to ensure a test that most accurately represented the
  100 question test as a whole.
• 7 correct questions needed to pass test
                Hypotheses

• NULL HYPOTHESIS: There is no significant
  difference in scores from a geographical
  background or major. (5% significance level).
  Also, the exam is a fair assessment of the
  political and governmental knowledge of the
  average United States citizen. We believe that if
  8% or less of the Dartmouth students polled fail,
  then the test is a fair evaluation.
                            Major Breakdown
                                              • Humanities
• Social Sciences
                                              •     Art History
                                              •     Classics
                                              •     English
•   Anthropology                              •     Film and Television Studeies
                                              •     Language
•   Economics
                                              •     Music
•   Education
                                              •     Philiopshy
•   Geography
                                              •     Religion
•   Psychological and Brain Sciences
                                              •     Studio Art
•   Sociology
                                              •     Theater


                                              • Natural Sciences
• Government and History                      •     Biological Sciences
                                              •     Chemistry
•   Government                                •     Computer Science
                                              •     Earth Science
                                              •     Engineering Sciences
•   History
                                              •     Mathematics
                                              •     Physics and Astronomy


                                       Undeclared
        Regions: The Breakdown
• Northeast:                               • South:
•   Connecticut, Maine, Maryland,          •   Florida, Georgia, North Carolina,
    Massachusetts, New Hampshire,              Texas, Virginia
    New Jersey, New York,
    Pennsylvania, Rhode Island,
    Vermont


• Midwest:                                 • West:
•   Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan,   •   California, Idaho, Montana,
    Minnesota, Ohio, Oklahoma                  Oregon



                                  International:
                       Canada, Singapore, India, Argentina
                   Data
• Overall mean score: 8.197
• Overall Dartmouth student failure
  percentage: 16.79%
• Nationwide failure rate: 16.1%
• Although the Margin of error must be
  taken into consideration, our results show
  that Dartmouth Students performed right
  at the national average
                     Major data
• Gov/History Surveyed: 28         • Math/ Science Surveyed: 30
• Mean Score: 8.96                 • Mean Score: 7.76
• Percentage who failed: 7.1%      • Percentage who failed: 20.0%




• Social Science Surveyed: 34      Humanities Surveyed: 13
• Mean Score: 7.82                 Mean Score: 8.07
• Percentage who failed:           Percentage who failed: 23.07%
  20.54%
                Undeclared Surveyed: 32
                Mean Score: 8.38
                Percentage who failed: 15.13%
                      Geographical Data
    •   Number of Students from the              •   Number of Students from the
             Northeast Surveyed: 69                       South Surveyed: 20
    •   Mean score of Northeast: 8.18            •   Mean Score of South: 8.2
    •   Percentage of Northeast who              •   Percentage of South who Failed:
             Failed: 17.39%                               13.33%

•       Number of Students from the
             Midwest Surveyed: 15                •   Number of Students from the
                                                          West Surveyed: 26
•       Mean Score of Midwest: 8.4
                                                 •   Mean Score of West: 8.23
•       Percentage of Midwest who
             Failed: 15.0%                       •   Percentage of West who Failed:
                                                          15.38%

                               Number of International Students: 7
                               Mean International Score: 7.42
                               Percentage of International who Failed:
                               28.57%
                 Major Breakdown




     23%               20%         Government / History
                                   Math / Science
                                   Social Science
9%                                 Humanities
                             22%
                                   Undeclared
           26%
                                          The Results:
                                              Mean Scores - By Major

                         9.2
                           9       8.96
Mean Score (out of 10)




                         8.8
                         8.6
                                                                                  8.38
                         8.4
                                                                       8.07
                         8.2
                           8                              7.82
                         7.8                    7.76
                         7.6
                         7.4
                         7.2
                           7
                               Government /    Math /     Social   Humanities   Undeclared
                                 History      Science    Science
                                                         Majors
               Region Breakdown




              5%
  19%                                   Northeast
                                        South
                                        Midwest
                                  50%   West
11%
                                        International
        15%
                      Mean Scores - By Region

                                         8.4
             8.4       8.18    8.2                    8.23
             8.2
              8
             7.8
Mean Score                                                         7.42
             7.6
 (out of 10)
             7.4
             7.2
              7
             6.8
                   Northeast         Midwest                 International
                               United States Region
                                   Failure Percentages - By Region

                                                                                       28.57%
                  30.00%
                  25.00%
                                17.39%
                  20.00%                                    15.00%     15.38%
                                              13.33%
Percentage Failure 15.00%
                  10.00%
                   5.00%
                   0.00%
                            Northeast       South        Midwest     West       International
                                                         Region
                      Failure Percentages - By Major

                                                       0.2307
           0.25                   0.2      0.2054
            0.2
                                                                0.1513

Percentage 0.15
  Failure              0.071
            0.1

           0.05

             0
                  Government             Social             Undeclared
                   / History            Science
                                         Major
              Discussion
• Government/ History Majors had the
  lowest failure percentage.
• Humanities Majors had highest failure
  percentage
• Midwest had lowest failure percentage
• Other areas had higher percentages
         Chi-Square Results
• Null Hypotheses is rejected for Major.
  Proves there is a difference in how one will
  fare on the test based on their major
• Null Hypotheses is rejected for
  Geographic Background. Proves there is
  a difference on how one will fare on the
  test based upon one’s home state.
            Margin of Error
• +/- 8.5 %
• Shows that our data is reliable but more
  people surveyed are needed in a future
  study to have a smaller margin of error
  Biases ~ Creation of Survey
• Choosing Questions (10 out of 100)
  – Issue of random selection


• Using only the class of 2005 and 2006
Biases ~ Methodology and Analysis
• Using Math 5 surveys

• Data collection and organization

• Non-response bias
    Possible Explanations For High Failure Rate

• One would expect students at a prestigious school such
  as Dartmouth to perform exceptionally well on the
  citizenship test. 16.79% of the Dartmouth population
  sampled and 16.1% of American citizens failed the
  United States Citizenship test. One area that may be to
  blame is lack of instruction in high schools in their history
  courses. This could definitely be a factor because the
  students in the survey were only first and second year
  students just coming out of high school who may not
  have received good instruction on our nation’s history.
  Another problem may be that our generation may have
  an overall lack of interest in history in general and have
  not taken the time to learn the basics.
      Concluding Thoughts…
• It is clearly evident that Dartmouth
  students had difficulty passing the United
  States citizenship test.
• It was also determined that major greatly
  determines how one will do on the test
• Geographic region had less to do with
  one's test score
         Future Applications
• Polling a greater number of Dartmouth
  students
  – Smaller margin of error


• Polling more International students

				
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