Poverty_ Inequality and Social Policies in Brazil

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Poverty_ Inequality and Social Policies in Brazil Powered By Docstoc
					  Connecting social policies,
poverty, hunger, and food and
      nutrition security

              Renato S. Maluf
  Reference Centre on Food and Nutrition Security
  Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

   Taking Action for the World’s Poor and Hungry People
               Beijing, October 17-19, 2007
Main arguments

1, Take into account economic and social processes
(quality dimension) underlying improvements in
conventional indicators of poverty and hunger (quantitative

2. Institutional framework allowing for intersetorial policy
making and effective social participation is crucial for
facing poverty and hunger through more equitable ways

3. Promoting food and nutrition security through
intersetorial policies contributes for having equitable and
sustainable processes
      Brazil: a large, rich and unequal country

Large middle income country
      Relevance of internal economic dynamism
      Geopolitical standing
      Institutional capacity
Decrease in high levels of inequality and poverty
      Monetary stability
      Social protection
      Slight employment and minimum wage recovering
      Strengthening of income transfer programmes
      [poverty reduction low rates of economic growth]
Health and nutrition
      Improvements in most indicators
      34,8% of food insecure households
          Place and roles of social policies
Two elements of the general context
Fragmentation / differentiation of public policies
   \ sectorial and social policies => re-balancing social and
   territorial unevenness / inequalities
Pragmatism = economic discipline  social policies
       \ Fasten-growth focus: a synthesis goal?

Re-addressing social policies
Income transfer + social protection + minimum-wage (+
Human rights approach: universal rights  different needs
Social participation in policy making  social equity
    Institutional framework for integrated
     programmes and social participation
Adequate institutional framework
\ integrated approach to multidimensional social issues
\ intersectorality (gov. and non-gov.): sharing goals,
instruments, and resources
\ social participation  equitable access to public

   Intersectoral public spaces for social
   \ Brazilian experience -> public policies’ councils
      \ CONSEA: intersectoral approach to FNS
      \ food-related policies  anti-poverty strategies
               Concluding remarks
1. A development issue: joining economic dynamism
with increasing social equity => social participation +
integration of economic and social public arenas

2. Institutional framework matters: integrated
approach to social policies; intersetorial public spaces
(governmental sectors and social organizations)

3. Giving visibility to human rights

4. FNS  poverty: promoting equitable ways of
producing and accessing adequate food  joining
economic dynamism with increasing social equity

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