EHS Cover 1-10 - Basic Industries_ Ltd by yaohongmeiyes

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 13

									                                                                       S.O.P. 5E    Page 1 of 13
                                                                    10/01 Rev. 5
                  Nuisance Dust, MMMF and
                                                                   Review Date:
                  Regulated Chemical Control                                     05/11
                                                                   Approved by:


                STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE



                                      TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.    Scope and Purpose
II.   Related Procedures and Resources
III.  Definitions
IV.   Personnel Responsibility
V.    Benzene
VI.   Vinyl Chloride
VII.  Working with MMMF, Nuisance Dust and Crystalline Silica
VIII. Asbestos
IX.   Lead
X.    Hydrogen Sulfide – H2S
XI.   Cadmium

I.        SCOPE AND PURPOSE

          A.        To develop procedures to ensure the health and safety of B.I.L. personnel working
                    in and around environments contaminated with nuisance dust and/or regulated
                    chemical substances.
          B.        To develop and provide a medical surveillance program that is consistent in its
                    enforcement and value in relation to the contaminant.

II.       RELATED PROCEDURES AND RESOURCES

          A.        S.O.P. 2C, Project Hazard Control
          B.        S.O.P. 3G, Personal Protective Equipment
          C.        S.O.P. 5F, Respiratory Protection
          D.        S.O.P. 5G, Hazard Communication
          E.        S.O.P. 8A, Asbestos Abatement Procedures
          E.        S.O.P. 8B, Lead Abatement Procedures
          F.        29 CFR 1910.1017 Vinyl Chloride
          G.        29 CFR 1910.1028 Benzene
          H.        29 CFR 1926.1101 Asbestos

III.      DEFINITIONS

          A.        Action Level (AL) - OSHA mandated level of contaminant in the air; the action
                    level is approximately half of the Permissible Exposure Level (PEL) and usually
                    triggers institution of some control measures (i.e., more frequent monitoring,
                    training, implementation of engineering controls, etc.); the AL is always an eight-
Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                                Page 1 of 13
                         S.O.P. 5E          05/11           Rev. 5

                  hour time weighted average.

         B.       Ceiling Value (C) - Level of a contaminant in the air that should not be exceeded
                  at any time, the ceiling level is an instantaneous reading and has no qualifiers
         C.       Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number (CAS #) - Unique number given
                  to a chemical when introduced into study, a chemical may have several
                  synonyms, but only one CAS#.
         D.       Excursion Limit (EL) - OSHA mandated airborne concentration of a
                  contaminant that is not to be exceeded when the sample is collected over a
                  specific time period, which is always less than 8 hours. Time periods are always
                  specified.
         E.       Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) - OSHA mandated level of contaminant in
                  air that is not to be exceeded. PEL’s can be based on 8-hour averages or
                  instantaneous readings; the time constraint of a PEL will always be stated in the
                  standard when setting.
         F.       Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL) - A short-term (usually 15 minutes) time-
                  weighted concentration of contaminant in air that cannot be exceeded. Most
                  STEL’s are based on 15-minute sampling time, but most specify the time limit.
         G.       Time Weighted Average (TWA) - Concentration of a contaminant in air that is
                  averaged for an 8-hour work day, 40-hour work week over an average working
                  lifetime; when used in conjunction with PEL, shall not be exceeded when
                  measured over an average 8-hour work day according to OSHA-mandate.

IV.      PERSONNEL RESPONSIBILITY

         A.       Supervisor
                  1.     It is the responsibility of the supervisor to know the requirements of this
                         procedure.
                  2.     No employee shall enter or be directed to enter an area where a known
                         release of a regulated Chemical has occurred, until:
                         a.       Notification of the Director of H.S.E. or their designated
                                  representative has taken place, and
                         b.       Sampling of the Regulated Chemical has occurred and the
                                  exposure level has been established, or
                         c.       Employees are provided a supplied air respirator system, and
                         c.       A written plan has been established; medical monitoring instituted,
                                  specific training of personnel has been conducted and successfully
                                  completed by all effected employees.
         B.       Employee
                  1.     It is the responsibility of the employee to report to their supervisor any
                         suspected exposure to a chemical/s in the workplace.
                  2.     It is the responsibility of the employee to follow the requirements of this
                         procedure.
V.       BENZENE
         A.       OSHA Exposure Limits:
                  1.   PEL =        l ppm TWA
                  2.   AL    =      0.5 ppm TWA
                  3.   STEL =       5 ppm STEL (15 min.)
Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                             Page 2 of 13
                          S.O.P. 5E          05/11           Rev. 5

         B.       Compliance Program:
                  1. When employee exposures are over PEL, a written engineering and/or work
                      practice control plan will be implemented to reduce exposure to lowest level.
                          a. A schedule for implementation of engineering and/or work practice
                              controls shall be determined.
                          b. The plan shall be reviewed and revised to reflect the most recent
                              exposure monitoring data.
                  2.      All employees exposed to benzene in an emergency situation, will be
                          immediately entered into a medical monitoring program.
                          a.      All employees exposed are required to as soon as possible provide,
                                  at no cost to them, a urine sample for purposes of performing a
                                  urine phenol test.
                          b.      Upon receipt of the results of the test, at the request of the
                                  employee and with no charge to the employee, a consultation with
                                  an Occupational Physician will be scheduled at a mutually agreed
                                  upon time and location.
         C.       Access to Medical Records - Copies of the plan will be available within 30 days
                  upon receipt of a written request by the Asst Secretary, the Director, copies will
                  be made immediately to effected employees or to the employees designated
                  representative at their request.
         D.       Exposure Monitoring: Initially, monitoring is required 30 days after introduction
                  into the workplace; if levels are above AL, annually; above PEL, semi-annually.
                  STEL monitoring shall be conducted as necessary, after spills.
         E.       Medical Monitoring: Initial and annual exam required when exposed above the
                  AL for 30 plus days per year, or when exposed above the PEL for 10 plus days
                  per year, and medical monitoring shall be performed after emergencies. Medical
                  removal is a provision of the standard. Medical records including monitoring
                  records will be maintained for length of employment plus thirty years.
         F.       Regulated Area: When levels exceed the PEL or STEL a regulated area is
                  required to be established. Only company personnel authorized, trained and
                  wearing proper PPE allowed in regulated areas.
         G.       Personal Protective Equipment Restrictions: Supplied at no cost to employee and
                  of type to prevent eye contact and limit dermal contact. Half-face mask with
                  organic vapor cartridges is the minimally acceptable protection when levels are
                  less than or equal to l0 ppm. For details of the respirator selection procedure refer
                  to S.O.P. 5F – Respiratory Protection.
         H.       Training: Initially and annually when levels exceed the AL. Training shall be in
                  accordance with the Hazard Communication standard and shall incorporate
                  Hazard Communication Standard, appendices and description of medical
                  program.
         I.       Benzene Awareness
                  1.      Basic Industries, Ltd. employees may be required to work in areas where
                          potential exposure to Hydrogen Sulfide exists. These areas include but are
                          not limited to the following:
                          a.      Petroleum refining sites
                                  i.      Catalytic reforming
Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                              Page 3 of 13
                          S.O.P. 5E          05/11           Rev. 5

                               ii.      Toluene hydrodealkylation
                               iii.     Steam cracking
                        b.     Tank gauging (tanks at producing, pipeline & refining operations)
                        c.     Field maintenance
                  2.    Characteristics
                        a.     Benzene is a colorless and flammable liquid with a sweet smell
                               and relatively high melting point.
                               i.       Vapors from benzene may form explosive mixtures in the
                                        air.
                               ii.      Fire extinguishers must be readily available to the work
                                        area.
                               iii.     Smoking is strictly prohibited.
                        b.     It is considered carcinogenic.
                        c.     Breathing high levels of benzene can cause death
                        d.     Breathing low levels of benzene can cause
                               i.       Drowsiness,
                               ii.      Dizziness,
                               iii.     Rapid heart rate,
                               iv.      Headaches,
                               v.       Tremors,
                               vi.      Confusion and
                               vii.     Unconsciousness.
                        e.     The major effect of benzene from chronic (long term) exposure is
                               to the blood.
                               a.       Benzene damages the bone marrow.
                               b.       It can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to
                                        anemia.
                               c.       It can also cause excessive bleeding and depress the
                                        immune system, increasing the chance of infection.
                               d.       Long term exposure to high levels of benzene in the air can
                                        cause leukemia.
                  2. Safety
                        a.     At no cost to the employee, proper personal protective equipment
                               shall be utilized by all affected B.I.L. personnel prior to the start of
                               work.
                        b.     Based on the monitoring results of the work area and/or potential
                               exposure levels the following may be required:
                                i. Appropriate respiratory protection,
                                        1. Half-face
                                        2. PAPR
                                        3. In-line Fresh Air
                               ii. Appropriate eye protection
                                        1. Safety Glasses
                                        2. Goggles
                                        3. Face Shield
                              iii. Rubber Boots
Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                              Page 4 of 13
                         S.O.P. 5E          05/11          Rev. 5

                               iv. Rubber Gloves
                                v. Aprons
                               vi. Sleeves
                         c. Prior to the start of any work in facilities where benzene is present all
                            B.I.L. personnel shall be made aware of all work area processes
                            involving benzene and the related safety rules and requirements.
                         d. Prior to the start of any work in facilities where benzene is present all
                            B.I.L. personnel shall be made aware of the facilities evacuation routes
                            and assembly sites.

VI.      Vinyl Chloride

         A.       OSHA Exposure Limits:
                  1.      PEL =           1 ppm TWA
                  2.      AL      =       0.5 ppm TWA
                  3.      STEL =          5 ppm TWA
         B.       Compliance Program: Required and shall include particular attention to
                  engineering controls or if not feasible, then work practice controls.
         C.       Exposure Monitoring:
                  1.      Check with facility Safety or Environmental department for area
                          monitoring data.
                  2.      If no monitoring data is available perform initial monitoring.
                          a.      If levels are above AL, monitor quarterly
                          b.      If levels are above PEL, then conduct monthly monitoring.
         D.       Medical Monitoring: Initial and annual medical monitoring shall be conducted,
                  unless exposure of more than 10 years, then conduct semi annual medical
                  monitoring.
         E.       Regulated Area: Is required when levels exceed PEL. Signage is also required.
         F.       PPE Restriction: Chemical cartridge with full-face piece is acceptable when levels
                  are less than 10 ppm. Prevent skin contact with liquid through use of impermeable
                  clothing.
         G.       Training: Shall include hazards of vinyl chloride, operations exposure, monitoring
                  programs, medical surveillance, emergency procedures, recognition of health
                  effects and review of the standard.
         H.       Other: Maintain monitoring records for 30 years and medical monitoring records
                  for 30 years or length of employment plus 20 years, whichever is longer.

VII.     WORKING WITH MAN-MADE MINERAL FIBERS (MMMF),
         NUISANCE DUST AND CRYSTALLINE SILICA (AS CRYSTOBALITE)

         A.       Respiratory Protection
                  1.     Employees working with M.M.M.F., Nuisance Dust or Crystalline Silica
                         (as crystobalite) shall use respiratory protection; type of respiratory
                         protection is dependent upon possible exposure.
                  1.     3M 8210 N95 or equivalent shall be used under conditions with natural

Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                            Page 5 of 13
                         S.O.P. 5E         05/11          Rev. 5

                       draft ventilation in large open areas with work procedures not creating a
                       visible dust cloud.
                  2.   Half face, dual cartridge, HEPA Filter Respirator, at a minimum, shall be
                       used under conditions such as:
                       a.      Installing insulation materials, including but limited to Calcium
                               Silicate, Perlite, Mineral Wool, Fiberglass, FoamGlas, Temp Mat,
                               and Ceramic Fiber.
                       b.      Confined Space
                       c.      Using power equipment to cut or any activity creating a visible
                               dust cloud, including but limited to installing metal on insulated
                               lines or equipment.
                       d.      Removal of R.C.F. after in service use.
                  3.   Full-face negative air or in extreme cases a PAPR should be utilized to
                       maximize respiratory protection.
                  4.   The Safety department in concert with Project Management shall
                       determine the appropriate respiratory protection to be utilized.
         B.       Recommended Work Practices
                  1.   Fiber Glass
                       a.      Wear Loose Clothing - Wearing long sleeved shirts and blouses,
                               loose at the neck and wrists, along with long pants and caps will
                               protect skin areas from coming in contact with glass fiber. Loose
                               clothing also helps prevent fiber from rubbing into the skin.
                               Depending on job conditions, gloves may be necessary.
                       b.      Prevent Dust - Dust collection systems should be used whenever
                               fiberglass exposure may exceed either established particulate
                               standards or recommended fiber standards. Operations such as
                               sawing, machining and/or blowing fiberglass have the potential for
                               high exposures.
                       c.      Protect Eyes - Safety glasses, goggles, or face shields should be
                               worn whenever fiberglass materials are being handled or applied.
                       d.      Don’t rub or Scratch Skin - If fiberglass particles and fibers
                               accumulate on exposed skin areas, do not rub or scratch. Remove
                               the material by washing the skin thoroughly but gently with warm
                               water and mild soap. Using a good commercial skin cream or
                               lotion after washing may be helpful.
                       e.      Respirators – Half-face respirators as per Section (VII)(A)(2).
                               Consult individual manufacturers specifications for specific
                               recommendations on use of respirators.
                       f.      Wash Work Clothing Separately - Work clothing worn in areas
                               where exposure to fiberglass, if possible, should be washed
                               separately from other household laundry to prevent fiber from
                               being transferred to other clothing. Rinse the washing machine
                               thoroughly before it is used again. If there is a lot of fiber on
                               clothing, it is best to presoak and rinse the garments prior to
                               washing.
                       g.      Keep Work Areas Clean - Avoid unnecessary handling of scrap
Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                          Page 6 of 13
                         S.O.P. 5E          05/11          Rev. 5

                                materials by keeping waste disposal equipment as close to working
                                areas as possible. Don’t let scrap material and debris pile up on the
                                floors and other surfaces. Follow an organized housekeeping
                                program at all times
                  2.     Ceramic Refractory Fiber
                         a.     Installation
                                i.      Wear long-sleeved, loose fitting clothing, gloves and eye
                                        protection.
                                ii.     Use of disposable coveralls is recommended, but not
                                        required.
                                iii.    Respirators – Half-face respirators as per Section
                                        (VII)(A)(2). Consult individual manufacturers
                                        specifications for specific recommendations on use of
                                        respirators.
                                iv.     Wash all exposed areas gently with soap and warm water
                                        after handling.
                                v.      Wash all work clothes separately from other clothing and
                                        rinse washing machine thorough after use.
                         b. Removal - Ceramic Fiber refractory products, which have been in
                            service at elevated temperatures (over 1900º F), may undergo
                            conversion to Crystobalite. Because of unanswered questions
                            concerning the Health effects of Crystobalite, particular care should be
                            taken to minimize generation of dust during the removal of refractory
                            ceramic fiber linings. Adherence to proper methods of dust
                            suppression and control is imperative. The following work
                            practices are recommended:
                                i.      Use Respirators - Certain manufacturers have
                                        recommended different types of respiratory protection
                                        Consult individual recommendations of manufacturers.
                                ii.     Spray With Water - During removal or repair, the area
                                        being removed or repaired should be wetted with water,
                                        preferable containing a wetting agent (detergent), to
                                        suppress dusting. Dust collection apparatus should be used.
                                iii.    Wear Protective Clothing - This is designed to minimize
                                        significant dust retention and should be used and vacuum-
                                        cleaned prior to removal. Use of cotton and wool clothing,
                                        which tends to retain dust, should be avoided
                                iv.     Use Dustless Methods of Cleaning - Such as wet
                                        vacuuming or washing down with water. Cleaning with
                                        compressed air blowing or dry sweeping is prohibited.
                                        Light dust may be swept using dirt suppressing sweeping
                                        compounds. Apprise employees prior to removing furnace
                                        lining. Each employee shall be informed of the possible
                                        hazards, proper conditions and precautions for safe
                                        handling.

Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                             Page 7 of 13
                         S.O.P. 5E         05/11          Rev. 5

                                v.    Inform Employees of MSDS - Each employee shall be
                                      advised of the location of such information. Company
                                      generated “Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)” or
                                      generic MSDS are acceptable for most applications.
                  3.    Mineral Wool Fiber
                        a.    Wear Loose Clothing - Wearing long-sleeved shirts and blouses,
                              loose at the neck and wrists, along with long pants and hard hats,
                              will protect skin areas from coming in contact with mineral wool
                              fiber. Loose clothing prevents fiber from rubbing into the skin
                              Depending on job conditions, gloves may be necessary.
                        b.    Prevent Airborne Dust - Dust collection systems should be used
                              whenever mineral wool fiber exposures may exceed either
                              established dust standards or recommended fiber standards.
                              Operations such as sawing, machining and/or blowing mineral
                              wool fiber have the greater potential for high exposures.
                        c.    Protect Eyes - Safety glasses, goggles or face shields should be
                              worn whenever mineral wool fiber materials are being applied
                              overhead or in areas where loose particles or fibers may get into
                              the eyes.
                        d.    Don’t rub or Scratch Skin - If mineral wool particles and fibers
                              accumulate on exposed skin areas, do not rub or scratch.
                              Remove the material by washing the skin thoroughly but gently
                              with warm water and mild soap. Using a good commercial skin
                              cream or lotion after washing may be helpful.
                        e.    Wear Respirators - If there is a possibility that airborne mineral
                              wool fiber concentrations, can exceed safe working levels or if
                              respiratory discomfort is experienced, respirators should be worn.
                              Half-face respirators as per Section (VII)(A)(2) are to be utilized.
                              Consult individual manufacturer’s specifications for specific
                              recommendations on use of respirators.
                        f.    Wash Clothes Separately - Work clothing worn in areas where
                              exposure to mineral wool fiber is possible should be washed
                              separately from other household laundry to prevent fiber from
                              being transferred to other clothing. Rinse the washing machine
                              thoroughly before it is used again. If there is a lot of fiber on
                              clothing, it is best to presoak and rinse the garments prior to
                              washing.
                        g.    Keep Work Areas Clean - Avoid unnecessary handling of scrap
                              materials by keeping waste disposal equipment as close to working
                              areas as possible. Do not let scrap material and debris pile up on
                              floors and other surfaces. Follow and organized housekeeping
                              program at all times.
         C.       Monitoring
                  1.    Sampling Methods:
                        a.    B.I.L. will contract a third party industrial hygienist to conduct
                              area and personnel monitoring of jobsites on an as needed basis.
Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                          Page 8 of 13
                           S.O.P. 5E          05/11           Rev. 5

         D.        OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL):
                   1.   Calcium Silica       =       l0mg/m3 TLV (total)
                   2.   Fibrous Glass        =       l0mg/m3 TLV (total)
                   3.   Mineral Wool         =       l0mg/m3 TLV (total)
                   4.   Perlite              =       10mg/m3 TLV (total)

NOTE: OSHA currently classifies the above as nuisance dust. Nuisance dust 5.0 mg/m3 PEL:
(respirable) 15 mg/m3 PEL (total 10.00 mg/m3 TLV (total) Crystalline Silica (as crystobalite)
.05 mg/m3 TLV (respirable)

VIII. ASBESTOS

         A.        Employees who may have the potential for exposure to asbestos containing
                   materials (ACM) shall have Asbestos Awareness training prior to their initial
                   assignment.
              a.   Asbestos Awareness training shall be given to all employees upon hire and
                   annually thereafter.
                        i. The training will include the health effects of lead exposure. Health effects
                           communicated shall include but not be limited to:
                               1. Acute Exposure: Short term, low concentration exposure does not
                                   pose a threat, however short term, high concentrations could
                                   develop into a chronic illness.
                               2. Chronic Exposure: Long term, low or high concentration exposure
                                   has been proven to be dangerous to humans. Chronic effects have
                                   proven to be any of the following: Asbestosis, Lung Cancer or
                                   Mesothelioma.
              b.   The training shall be documented in the employees personnel file and will
                   include;
                        i. Date of training
                       ii. Employee name
                      iii. Instructor
              c.   Prior to Basic personnel being assigned, Project Management and/or Safety will
                   inform the employee of the potential for asbestos exposure, including the areas
                   where ACM are located on the specific jobsite.
              d.   Personnel shall abide by any signage/labels/assessment reports indicating the
                   presence of ACM.
                        i. Appropriate work practices shall be followed to ensure the ACM is not
                           disturbed.
              e.   Whenever personnel come into contact with known ACM, basic hygiene practices
                   should be followed, such as washing hands and faces prior to leaving the site,
                   lunch or breaks.
              f.   Personnel working immediately adjacent to an asbestos abatement activity and the
                   containment or regulated area is inadequate for exposure control, the employee/s
                   are authorized to utilize “Stop Work” authority and remove themselves from the
                   work area and not return to their tasks until the hazard potential hazard is abated

Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                               Page 9 of 13
                           S.O.P. 5E          05/11           Rev. 5

                   or a exposure assessment is performed showing that no exposure exists.
         B.        Employees assigned to Asbestos Abatement activities shall be governed by Basic
                   Industries S.O.P. 8A for standard work practices.

IX.      LEAD
         C.        Employees who may have the potential for exposure to lead containing materials
                   shall have Lead Awareness training prior to their initial assignment.
              a.   Lead Awareness training shall be given to all employees upon hire and annually
                   thereafter.
                        i. The training will include the health effects of lead exposure. Health effects
                           communicated shall include but not be limited to:
                               1. Acute Exposure: Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, stomach
                                   cramps, constipation, difficulty sleeping, fatigue, moodiness,
                                   headache, joint or muscle aches and anemia.
                               2. Chronic Exposure: Severe damage to blood-forming, nervous,
                                   urinary, and reproductive systems.
              b.   The training shall be documented in the employees personnel file and will
                   include;
                        i. Date of training
                       ii. Employee name
                      iii. Instructor
              c.   Prior to Basic personnel being assigned, Project Management and/or Safety will
                   inform the employee of the potential for lead exposure, including the areas where
                   lead containing materials are located on the specific jobsite.
              d.   Personnel shall abide by any signage/labels/assessment reports indicating the
                   presence of lead containing materials (LCM).
                        i. Appropriate work practices shall be followed to ensure the LCM is not
                           disturbed.
              e.   Whenever personnel come into contact with known LCM, basic hygiene practices
                   should be followed, such as washing hands and faces prior to leaving the site,
                   lunch or breaks.
              f.   Personnel working immediately adjacent to a lead abatement activity and the
                   containment or regulated area is inadequate for exposure control, the employee/s
                   are authorized to utilize “Stop Work” authority and remove themselves from the
                   work area and not return to their tasks until the hazard potential hazard is abated
                   or a exposure assessment is performed showing that no exposure exists.
         D.        Employees assigned to Lead Abatement activities shall be governed by Basic
                   Industries S.O.P. 8C for standard work practices.

X.       HYDROGEN SULFIDE – H2S

         A.        Basic Industries, Ltd. employees may be required to work in areas where potential
                   exposure to Hydrogen Sulfide exists. These areas include but are not limited to
                   the following:
                   1.      Drilling Operations

Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                              Page 10 of 13
                         S.O.P. 5E         05/11           Rev. 5

                         a.        Recycled Drilling Mud.
                         b.       Water from sour crude wells.
                         c.        Blowouts
                  2.     Tank Gauging (tanks at producing, pipeline & refining operations).
                  3.     Field Maintenance.
                         a.       Tank batteries and wells, etc.
                  4.     Refining operations
                         a.       Sulfur Recovery Units
                         b.       Gas Refining Operations
         B.       Characteristics
                  1.     Hydrogen Sulfide is a highly toxic, flammable and colorless gas.
                  2.     It is heavier than air and tends to accumulate at the bottom of poorly
                         ventilated spaces.
                  3.     Highly pungent odor, smells like rotten eggs.
                         a.       Deadens the sense of smell very quickly
                  4.     It can poison several different systems in the body.
                         a.       Respiratory and nervous system is most affected.
                         b.       Low levels of exposure can cause eye irritation, sore throat and
                                  cough, shortness of breath and fluid in the lungs.
         C.       Levels of Exposure
                  1.     0.0047 ppm (parts per million) is the recognition threshold, the
                         concentration at which 50% of humans can detect the characteristic rotten
                         egg odor.
                  2.     10-20 ppm is the borderline concentration for eye irritation.
                  3.     50-100 ppm leads to eye damage.
                  4.     At 150-250 ppm the olfactory nerve is paralyzed after a few inhalations,
                         and the sense of smell disappears, often together with awareness of
                         danger.
                  5.     320-530 ppm leads to pulmonary edema with the possibility of death.
                  6.     530-1000 ppm causes strong stimulation of the central nervous system and
                         rapid breathing, leading to loss of breathing.
                         a.       800 ppm is the lethal concentration for 50% of humans for 5-
                         minutes exposure.
                  7.     Concentrations over 1000 ppm cause immediate collapse with loss of
                         breathing, even after inhalation of a single breath.
         D.       Safety
                  1.     Wherever the potential exists for exposure to Hydrogen Sulfide at least
                         one member of the working crew will wear a H2S lapel monitor.
                         a.       Some facilities require all members of a working crew to wear a
                         lapel monitor.
                  2.     H2S lapel monitors are set to alarm at 10 ppm, with a high alarm set at 15
                         ppm.
                  3.     All members of the working crew shall immediately vacate the area,
                         taking note of the direction of the wind, when a lapel monitor alarms.
                         No member will be allowed to return to the suspect area until:
                         a.       The facility safety or operations personnel monitor the area and
Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                          Page 11 of 13
                         S.O.P. 5E          05/11           Rev. 5

                                 verify the area is all clear.
                         b.      Personnel don appropriate respiratory.
                                 a. NIOSH-certified self-contained breathing apparatus or airline
                                     respirator with escape SCBA should be used.
                  3. Prior to the start of any work in facilities where H2S is present all B.I.L.
                     personnel shall be made aware of the facilities evacuation routes and assembly
                     sites.

    XI.        CADMIUM

          A.      Basic Industries, Ltd. shall institute a training program for all employees who are
                  potentially exposed to cadmium, assure employee participation and maintain a
                  record of contents.
          B.      Training shall be provided prior to initial assignment and at least annually
                  thereafter.
                  1.         Basic Industries, Ltd. shall certify that the training has been conducted
                             by preparing a record that includes
                            a.      Identity of employee trained,
                            b.      The signature of the person who conducted the training and
                            c.      Date of the training.
                  2.         Records shall be kept one (1) year.
          C.      A job specific written compliance program shall be implemented when the PEL is
                  exceeded.
                  1.         The compliance plan shall include a description of each operation where
                             cadmium is omitted, machinery use, material processed, controls in
                             place, crew size, employee job responsibilities and maintenance
                             practices.
                  2.         A description of the specific means that will be employed to meet
                             compliance including engineering plans.
                  3.         A report of technology considered in meeting the PEL.
                  4.         Air monitoring data.
                  5.         A detailed schedule for implementation.
                  6.         A work practice program.
                  7.         A written plan for emergency situations.
                  8.         And any other relevant information needed to ensure compliance.
          D.      The written program shall be reviewed and updated annually or as necessary to
                  reflect significant changes in B.I.L.’s compliance status.
          E.      The written compliance program shall be provided for examination and copying
                  upon request of affected employees, their representatives, the Assistant Secretary
                  and the Director.
          F.      When ventilation systems are used as engineering control, procedures shall be
                  developed and implemented to minimize employee exposure to cadmium during
                  maintenance of ventilation systems and/or changing of filters.
          G.      All aspects of this program shall meet criteria found in 1910.134 and/or
                  1926.1127(g)(3).
          H.      Basic Industries, Ltd. shall develop and maintain a job specific written plan for
Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                             Page 12 of 13
                         S.O.P. 5E        05/11          Rev. 5

                  dealing with emergency situations involving substantial releases of cadmium.
                  1.        The emergency plan will include the use and availability of PPE
                            including but not limited to:
                  2.        Respiratory protection
                  3.        Gloves,
                  4.        Boot or foot coverings
                  5.        Disposable coveralls
                  6.        Face shields or goggles.
         I.       All employees who may be exposed to cadmium shall have the appropriate
                  training of PPE prior to their initial assignment.
         J.       Employees who have been exposed to cadmium during emergency situations or
                  above the PEL (5 ug/m3) shall be given, at no cost to the employee, a medical
                  examination in accordance with 1926.1127(I)(7).
         K.       Employees who may be exposed to the AL (2.5 ug/m3) shall be part of a medical
                  surveillance program in accordance with 1926.127(I).




Basic Industries, Ltd.                                                        Page 13 of 13

								
To top