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					Food & Agriculture Sector Specific Plan – FSIS Aspects
NASDA Annual Meeting September 23, 2005
Michelle Catlin, Senior Scientist USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service Office of Food Security & Emergency Preparedness

• Development of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) and Sector Specific Plans (SSPs) key requirement of HSPD-7 • NIPP and SSPs updated as programs are developed, implemented and refined • HHS/FDA has a food SSP and USDA has a food and agriculture SSP developed by many USDA agencies

SSP Outline
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Forward Sector Background Identifying Sector Assets Assessing Vulnerabilities and Prioritizing Assets Developing Protective Programs Measuring Progress Planning for Research and Development Appendices:
• • • • • USDA/FSIS & HHS/FDA Jurisdictional Overlap USDA Authorities Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Scenarios FAS Methodology Sample CARVER+Shock Assessment

SSP Describes
• FSIS process for identifying, assessing, prioritizing and protecting critical infrastructure/key resources • Processes used to measure effectiveness • Plans for implementing processes (projects, initiatives, timeframes, milestones, and resource limitations) • Status of efforts at time of preparation, including best practices, challenges, and products generated

Assets Discussed in USDA Food & Agriculture SSP
• • Reflects the 18 Agencies within USDA Not only post-harvest processing (meat, poultry and egg products), also includes:
• Pre-harvest – livestock and crops • Nation’s largest conservation agency • Support for rural America (electricity, modern telecommunications, drinking water, etc.)

• •

Economics of sector - $1.24 trillion dollars annually Almost entire critical infrastructure is owned by private industry

Identifying FSIS Sector Assets
• FSIS, as part of its normal regulatory activities, collects a lot of information on industries it regulates (Performance-Based Information System, Automated Import Information System, etc.) • Collection is both facilitated and hampered by our regulatory authority:
• Data are often required • When not required, industry is reluctant to provide it

• Supplement our current databases through consulting with industry as necessary

Verifying FSIS Sector Assets
• FSIS databases are maintained and updated for its regulatory activities • Compare to DHS State Assessment Programs • Additional information that is received voluntarily will be difficult to verify

Assessing Vulnerabilities and Prioritizing Assets
• FSIS using a commodity-based approach

• Initial assessments looked across the food supply to identify those food commodities to focus detailed assessments on • Detailed assessments used CARVER+Shock method to assess vulnerabilities in the food supply
• Includes an analysis of the consequences

Developing Protective Programs
• Need to consider that assets are privately held • Protective programs stem from findings of the vulnerability assessments • Identify countermeasures or mitigation strategies to enhance food defense • Discuss challenges • Outline initiatives and milestones

Measuring Progress
• Includes metrics such as: • number of people trained • number of samples tested • MOUs developed • guidance documents

Planning for Research & Development
• Four major areas for research identified:
• Laboratory methods – ability to identify additional agents in food matrices

• Survivability of agents in food matrices – e.g. will agents survive cooking
• Intervention strategies – how to neutralize agents, prevent them from entering the food supply • Disposal – how to dispose of large quantities of food contaminated by threat agents

Next Steps
• FDA and USDA SSPs currently undergoing review • Comments are being coordinated through the Food and Agriculture Sector NIPP Joint Working Group (ASTHO, NASDA, NACCHO) • Series of questions developed for review and comment to facilitate getting feedback • Comments Due: November 1, 2005 • FDA and USDA SSPs, Version 2 tentatively due to DHS February, 2006

Next Steps (con’t)
• Anticipated that each state should develop its own SSPs for the Food and Agriculture sector

• One goal of the NIPP Joint Council Working Group is to develop SSP guidance and template for the states to format their own plans

Contact Information
Website Non-emergencies Michelle Catlin:

Emergencies FSIS – OFSEP 24 hour hotline:

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