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					WIKIPEDIA
THE DEMOCRATIZATION AND RELIABILITY OF KNOWLEDGE

Created by: Amanda Poach Will Fry Matt Ramos

What we’ll be talking about…
WHAT IS WIKIPEDIA? A LITTLE HISTORY HOW WIKIPEDIA WORKS WHY WIKIPEDIA WORKS CRITICS OF WIKIPEDIA WHO USES WIKIPEDIA QUESTIONS

What is Wikipedia?
• An attempt to create a free, democratic, reliable encyclopedia…the largest in history • A FREE body of Knowledge allows modify content posted by other user • Anyone can contribute and/or edit to Wikipedia

(A collaborative – A WIKI website)

WIKI an open-source software called a ―WIKI‖ = + ENCYCLOPEDIA • Built on WIKIPEDIA
(a book or set of books containing articles users to post entries as well as on various topics)

A little history
• Founded as an offshoot of nupedia, a now abandoned project to produce a free encyclopedia • Founder Jimmy Wales, wanted an easily accessed online encyclopedia (opposite of Nupedia)
• Thus, Wikipedia was born on January 2, 2001

How Wikipedia Works
• Users create articles on topics from astrology to video games • There are over 75,000 Contributors • 9 million articles in more than 250 languages • There are more than 2,100,000 English-language articles • ―Every day hundreds of thousands of visitors from around the world make tens of thousands of edits and create thousands of new articles to enhance the knowledge held by the Wikipedia encyclopedia.‖

How To Create Your Own Article
• • • • Search for the article you want to create If it doesn’t exist, click the ―create this page‖ link Follow the prompts and begin writing your article! Wikipedia hopes you keep these guidelines in mind • Don’t create pages about yourself or friends • Don’t advertise • No personal essays - Be careful about plagiarism, extremely short articles, and local-interest articles • And, above all else, USE RELIABLE, PUBLISHED REFERENCES

How to Edit a Page
• Search for the page you want to edit. • Click the ―edit this page‖ link on the top of the article or click the ―edit‖ links above each section of the article • Two types of Edits
• Major Edits: Large edits subject to review • Minor Edits: Small edits most likely not subject to review

• AND REMEMBER TO USE RELIABLE, PUBLISHED REFERENCES!

Why Wikipedia Works
• Other users monitor and edit the articles • With the intention (most of the time) of staying neutral and truthful – More than 1,200 volunteers regularly edit Wikipedia articles • Just as someone can submit an article, anyone can also start an ―Article of Deletion‖ (AfD) – AfD = a review process in which a user can question the integrity of an article. After open online debate, an administrator reviews the arguments and decides the fate of the article • Ultimate GOAL: A massive impartial encyclopedia

Why Wikipedia Works (cont.)
• Chaos is contained by a very ornate and well-defined structure of participation and access • It’s easy to use • In turn, Wikipedians seem more civilized compared to other sites • It’s Transparent
– Everyone’s edits can be read and commented upon by anyone else!!

• The Basis: a collection of policies and guidelines that define everything from article evaluation to the etiquette surrounding debate. • As seen in the AfD process

Wikipedia’s Reliability
• Instead of depending on initial accuracy, Wikipedia relies on quick fixes • Because it is open to everyone, false information and vandalism can be found quickly and edited or flagged immediately

FUN FACT
• In late 2005, the scientific journal Nature conducted a study comparing 42 science articles in Wikipedia with the online version of Encyclopedia Britannica. • The survey revealed that Encyclopedia Britannica had 123 errors while Wikipedia had 162 (for averages of 2.9 and 3.9 errors per article, respectively.)

Critics of Wikipedia
• Many Wikipedia is an justifiably wary of the site ―Because academics areongoing work to which anybody • With less it differs comes a decrease in quality Can contribute, experts, from a paper-based source in some Important ways. In Particular, mature articlesbad thing more • Open-source = a good thing AND a tend to be Comprehensive and balanced, while other (often fledgling) • Articles may still containWikipedia to everyone, bias Although, by opening significant misinformation, is hoped to be eliminated, bias still exists Unencyclopaedic content or vandalism.‖
• A constantly changing site…in content and regulation • If anything, Wikipedia = a good starting point

Who Uses Wikipedia
Wikipedia.org users come from these countries: • United States 16.2% • Japan 4.6% • Germany 4.2% • France 4.0% • Poland 3.6%

WikiCharts — Top 100 — 11/2007 • This tool shows the articles from the English Wikipedia that are viewed most. Views per day Percent Title • • • • • • • • • • • 24 550 560 ± 0% 3.7196% 733 440 ± 2% 0.1111% 331 680 ± 3% 0.0503% 325 680 ± 3% 0.0493% 323 040 ± 3% 0.0489% 268 560 ± 3% 0.0407% 267 360 ± 3% 0.0405% 259 920 ± 3% 0.0394% 251 040 ± 3% 0.0380% 246 000 ± 3% 0.0373% 1. Main Page 2. Wiki 3. Harry Potter and the Deathly 4. Naruto 5. Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock 6. Wikipedia 7. United States 8. Deaths in 2007 9. Heroes (TV series) 10. Transformers (film)

• • • • •
• • • • • • • •

• •
• •

242 400 ± 3% 241 680 ± 3% 211 200 ± 3% 195 120 ± 4% 189 600 ± 4% Protocol 185 760 ± 4% 181 680 ± 4% 175 200 ± 4% 173 040 ± 4% 170 400 ± 4% 169 200 ± 4% Entertainment 168 240 ± 4% 168 000 ± 4% Model 152 160 ± 4% 144 960 ± 4% attacks 144 720 ± 4% 140 400 ± 4%

0.0367% 0.0366% 0.0320% 0.0296% 0.0287%
0.0281% 0.0275% 0.0265% 0.0262% 0.0258% 0.0256% 0.0255% 0.0255%

11. Halo 3 12. Harry Potter 13. Vanessa Anne Hudgens 14. Luciano Pavarotti 15. Hypertext Transfer
16. Bleach (manga) 17. List of sex positions 18. Sex 19. 50 Cent 20. World War II 21. World Wrestling 22. YouTube 23. America's Next Top

0.0231% 0.0220%
0.0219% 0.0213%

24. Akatsuki (Naruto) 25. September 11, 2001
26. Adolf Hitler 27. Britney Spears

QUESTIONS?? ?


				
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posted:11/9/2009
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