# Unit 10 TEST M7 by yaofenjin

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Math 7 (Holt)                                     Name _________________________
Test Unit 10                                      Date _______________ Period ____

Reasoning with Probability. Determine Probability & Possible Outcomes
(10.1-10.5)                             _______ / 32 points = _______%

Probability Reasoning.

1. A bag contains five yellow disks, eight red disks, four orange disks, and two
blue disks. All the disks are the same size.

A. Would you be more likely to pull an orange or a yellow disk? ____________

B. What color disk are you least likely to pull?     ____________

C. Explain how you can tell if you are more likely to pull a red disk
than a blue disk.
________________________________________________

Determine if each event is impossible, unlikely, as likely as not, likely, or certain.

4. There are 4 pens and 10 pencils in a drawer.

A. How likely is it to pull out a pencil?            ___________________

B. How likely is it to pull out a crayon?            ___________________

5. There are 8 yellow cards and 8 green cards in a box.

A. How likely is it to pull out a green card from the box? __________________

B. How likely is it to pull a card from the box?     __________________

Unit 10 Test (HOLT)                                                      Page 1
Find the experimental probability.

6. At a restaurant, 32 out of 60 customers order a dessert. What is the experimental
probability that the next customer will order dessert?
6. __________

7. After a movie premiere, 100 out of 125 people surveyed said they like the movie.
What is the experimental probability that the next person did not like the movie?

7. ___________

8. Sarah was throwing darts at a target. She hit the yellow ring 6 times, the blue ring 9
times, and the purple ring 8 times. What is the experimental probability that the
next dart will hit the purple ring?
8. ___________

Find the theoretical probabilities using the given spinner for #9-11.

9. P(4) = ______

10. P(an odd number) = ________

11. P(number >5) = ________

Applications with probability.
12. Jaime has a bag of candy with some tootsie rolls and some jolly ranchers in it. He
tells you that if you draw a candy from his bag, the theoretical probability that you draw
a jolly rancher is 35%. He has 60 pieces of candy in the bag. How many pieces of candy
in his bag must be jolly ranchers?
12. ______________

13. Raul rolls a 1-6 number cube. On the first four rolls, he gets a 3, 5, 5, and a 5. He
predicts he has a 75% chance of getting a 5 on his next roll. Do you agree? Explain.

Do you agree? ________           Explain: ________________________________

__________________________________
Unit 10 Test (HOLT)                                                      Page 2
Determine possible outcomes.
14. For dinner, Fernando has a choice of hamburger (h), pasta (p), or chicken (c) and
choice of fruit(f) or vegetable(v).
A. What are all the possible dinners he can have?

B.     How large is the sample space?        ___________

Multiple Choice: Circle the best answer.
15. There are 6 arcades in town. Each arcade has 9 different games. How many
choices of games are there?
A. 3                C. 15
B. 48             D. 54

Decide if the events are independent or dependent.

16.   Spinning a spinner and rolling a number cube       16. ______________

17.   Picking a marble from a bag, replaces it, then picks again.
17. ______________

18.   Choosing a sock from a drawer, then picking a
sock without replacing the first.                  18. ______________

Find the probabilities.

19. Greg has 4 nickels, 5 quarters, and 2 dimes in his pocket. If he randomly chooses
two coins, what is the probability that both are nickels?

19. ______________

20. Katie is guessing on 1 true-false question and 1 multiple-choice question
with answer choices A, B, C, and D. What is the probability that she guesses both

20. ______________
Unit 10 Test (HOLT)                                                     Page 3
Solve Percent Problems (6.1 – 6.5)
_______ / 18 points = _______%

Write the percent as a fraction in simplest form and as a decimal.

21.    64%            simplified fraction: __________       decimal: ________

Write each number as a percent.

7
22.          _____ %                        23.     0.053  _____%
5

24
24.   0.6            6%                      25.     95%
25

Multiple Choice: Circle the correct answer.
26. Find 9% of 40.
A. 0.36               B. 3.6         C. 36           D. 360

27.    27 is what percent of 30?                                  27. __________

28.    80 is 32% of what number?                                  28. __________

Find the error.
29. Levi was asked to find the percent of change when his monthly allowance went
from \$40 to \$45. He said his allowance increased by about 8%. Levi is not correct.
Describe his error. Then find the correct percent of change answer.

Levi’s work:             Describe his error:   Find the correct Percent of
Change:
__________________
40
 0.8
45                 __________________
Increased by
__________________