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UKRAINE

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									BUREAU FOR EUROPE - COUNTRY PROFILE - UKRAINE- August 2007 Population: 46,490,819 (1 July 2007 est.), Net migration rate: 0,3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.), Languages: Ukrainian (official) 67,5%, Russian 29,6%, other 2,9% (includes small Romanian-, Azeri, and Tatar languages) Basic Information

UNHCR Regional Representation in Ukraine UNHCR presence 1951 Refugee Convention 1967 Protocol 1954 Stateless Persons Convention 1961 Reduction of Statelessness Convention UNHCR Representation Government Counterparts Party since 10 June 2002 Party since 4 April 2002 Not party Not party Regional Representative (Simone Wolken), 5 international staff, 6 national staff, 8 general staff, 5 UNVs State Committee for Nationalities and Religion and Regional migration Services, State Border Guard Service, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economy Order, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Family and Youth, Presidential Administration, Office of the Ombudsperson. Oil Refinery Hospital, Charitable Foundation "ROKADA", Charitable Foundation "Sypmathy", Foundation for Health and Environment Protection (NEEKA), Donetsk Foundation for Social Protection and Mercy, South-Ukrainian Centre of Young Lawyers, Legal Councelling Centre "Solidarity", Foundation for Naturalisation and Human Rights "Assistance", Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, Social Assistance Service organisation, Swedish Migration Board, International Organisation for Migration European Commission, European Commission for refugees and Exile, Danish Refugee Council, Immigration and Refugee Board, Government of Canada, Caritas Czech Republic, Caritas Austria, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Memorial NGO, Council of Europe, Vynnitsa Human Rights Group. N/A N/A Donor Ranking: N/A Per Capita: N/A Per GDP: N/A 2,105 (AFG:1,115, ARM: 191, AZE: 171, Other: 628) in 2007 up to 30 June 2,275 (AFG:1,189, ARM: 208, AZE: 180, Other: 698) in 2006

Implementing Partners

Other Partners Contributions in 2007 (as at 31 July in 2007) Contributions in 2006 Level of contributions to UNHCR in 2006

Number of Refugees

1,116 (IND: 304, PAK: 200, AFG:136, Other: 476) in 2007 up to 30 June Number of Asylum Seekers 2,023 (IND: 468, PAK: 353, AFG: 126, Other: 1,076) in 2006 Recognition Rate in 2006 Number of IDPs Number of Stateless Persons in 2006 4% (Refugee status) N/A 58,992 Securing full and unhindered access to territory and asylum - Securing protection against refoulement-Advocating for and supporting appropriate policies, legislation and practices on asylum and statelessness -Assisting in the development of quality RSD - Protecting against abuse, SGBV, exploitation - Ensuring border-monitoring - Developing the Governments capacity, including improvement in reception facilities - Ensuring adherence to international protection standards and development of gender and age sensitive asylum systems - Supporting COI system development - Fostering of effective action to prevent and reduce situations of statelessness- Promoting increasing resettlement opportunities- Promote integration measures for recognized refugees - Assisting refugees in voluntary repatriation - Ensuring border monitoring with coordination of all actors/partners and developing partnership with IOM Strengthening the protection of refugees within broader migration movements- Addressing detention of asylumseekers and refugees Supporting the Söderköping Process and developing strategic partnership on migration- Working with the Governments, NGOs and other to implement the UNHCR document “Refugee Protection and Mixed Migration: a 10Point-Plan of Action” as well as of its Plan for Implementation at the EU Eastern Border (to be developed in 2007). Lobbying and advocacy for effective asylum systems and legislation further in line with international standards - Border monitoring - Engagement in Asylum-Migration dialogue - Implementation of Söderköping Process - Training for government officials involved in RSD - Processing for resettlement - PI activities aimed at combatting racism, xenophobia, refoulement Permanent problems with access to the territory and the asylum procedure - Police harassment - Arbitrary, protracted detention - Refoulement - Chain deportations - Considerable difficulties in enjoying their rights and achieving local integration - Low quality asylum decisions and absence of RSD Deceisions since March 2007- Torture and illtreatment in police detention - Extremely poor detention conditions - Racism and Xenophobia

Office Strategic Objectives

Main Activities of UNHCR

Protection Concerns

UNHCR in Ukraine operates two projects: one covering the activities within the country and the second one dealing with the regional activities and events. The country project is very much protection driven and oriented. It targets assistance to refugees and asylum seekers in the most sensible issues of legal protection and counselling on access to and assistance during the RSD procedure, social matters and financial assistance, health and education. The strive to improve protection regime and reinforce access to the social services provided by the state is very much supported by the various PI activities. Under the auspicis of CBCP Secretariat UNHCR in cooperation with the SMB and IOM covers primarily Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine and other seven countries in the region. Operations/Programs The Secretariat acts as a service and co-ordination centre and conducts various activities, in particular thematic meetings and workshops, research, newsletters, networking and sharing of information, aimed at increasing the capacity of the participating countries to develop legislation and practices for the establishment of adequate migration management and asylum systems. The CBCP activities are funded by EC until February 2009. UNHCR, IOM and SMB contribute matching funds. UNHCR also has its additional activities for SGBV training, IP workshop and PI activities under the regional project.

Repatriation

Local Integration

UNHCR provides assistance for voluntary repatriation in view of the absence of governmental procedures in this regard. UNHCR facilitates the return of persons of concern with the help of a network of seven NGOs, which assist in processing voluntary repatriation applications. They provide thorough counselling on updated information about the situation in the countries of origin and fill in the applications for referral to UNHCR. UNHCR Ukraine has elaborated Voluntary Repatriation Forms, which have to be signed by all adult applicants. In 2006 UNHCR continued to receive a large number of Voluntary Repatriation applications from asylum-seekers who had been rejected in the governmental procedures and/or were considered „Not Eligible for Legal Assistance” from UNHCR. UNHCR continued to cooperate with IOM in the implementation of the IOM project “Assisted Voluntary Return of Unsuccessful Asylum Seekers and Irregular Migrants”. 58 persons (50 cases) were referred to IOM, under this programme, and 32 persons (25 cases) returned voluntarily in 2006. UNHCR hopes to continue the cooperation with IOM in the field of return assistance in 2007. 25 persons (16 cases) were assisted by UNHCR to voluntarily repatriate to their countries of origin. Among them, 4 persons were recognised refugees in Ukraine, and the remainder were asylum-seekers. Ukraine lacks a comprehensive long term integration plan to address the special needs of refugees during their initial period in the country. Little progress has been made in 2006 to achieve the actual integration of refugees into the Ukrainian society. UNHCR and its partners have, therefore, continued to provide assistance to mitigate this gap. Education: Ukraine provides refugee and asylum seeker children with free access to primary/ secondary education, which is paid for by the state. The higher education is also available to recognised refugees on competative basis though they have to pay for it at the level of Ukrainian nationals. Vocational Training: Refugees and asylum-seekers can apply for technical education (which is called secondary special education), and will pay the same rate as Ukrainian nationals. Vocational and re-qualification courses are available within the system, yet they are not free of charge. In practice, vocational training of refugees is basically provided for by UNHCR. Language Courses: Currently, there is no governmental system in place to address the language needs. To fill the gap, UNHCR provides, through its partners, Russian and Ukrainian language courses to refugees and asylum seekers at various levels. in practice, patients, including Ukrainians, have to pay for medical supplies and drugs, as well as for the services provided. Recognised refugees do have access to local clinics and hospitals for consultation purposes, but are unable to pay for treatment. Asylum seekers have free-of-charge access only to emergency care, otherwise they are treated as foreigners. Work: Refugees often face problems such as the following with regard to effective access to gainful employment; i.e. reluctance of employers to hire refugees, occasional denial by state employment centres to give status of unemployed persons to the refugees which would permit their access to unemployment benefits, low salaries at official/legal positions, high unemployment level in Ukraine Resettlement is used mainly as a tool for providing international protection to the refugees, whose legal and physical safety can not be secured in Ukraine, and for whom local integration prospects do not exist in Ukraine. Nearly 90% of the submitted cases were submitted as refugees with legal and physical protection needs (52 cases/105 persons). There were also a victim of domestic violence (woman-at-risk) and an unaccompanied minor, who were submitted after unsuccessful attempts of the office to find solutions locally. Tel:022 740 3270 Email: mission.ukraine@ties.itu.int

Resettlement

Key contacts at the Permanent Mission in Geneva

11/8/2009


								
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