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Consultative Forum Proceedings - CAWEE Ethiopia

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					The 2nd Consultative Forum Proceedings



Acknowledgement
The Second Consultative Forum on ―Women Entrepreneurs Associations in Ethiopia:
Opportunities and Challenges‖ was successfully implemented at Hilton Addis on 27th
November 2008 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The Consultative Forum was managed and conducted by the Centre for African Women
Economic Empowerment (CAWEE), under the guidance of its Executive Director, Mrs. Nigist
Haile. It was financed by the Spanish-NEPAD Fund. The NEPAD Secretariat based in South
Africa, provides the technical backstopping services.

The women entrepreneurs associations leaders and support organizations representatives
have significantly contributed to the success of the study and have assisted the researcher,
Mrs. Desta Solomon in coming up with concrete and practical recommendations. The
moderation of the forum was made by Mrs. Saba Gebremedhin Director of the Network of
Ethiopian Women Associations, NEWA. CAWEE appreciates the moderator.

Special thanks goes to the Conference participants and Her Excellency Ubah Mohammed,
State Minister, Ministry of Women Affairs, His Excellency Donald Yamamato, Ambassador
of United Stated of America in Ethiopia, Ms Maria Cruz, Head Spanish Development
Cooperation office and Mr. Philip D'Odwyer, Director, Connect Ethiopia, Dublin, Ireland who
had been guest speakers of the event.




                                         2
Second Consultative Forum on Women Entrepreneurs
Associations in Ethiopia Opportunities and Challenges Addis
Ababa, November 27, 2008

The Second Consultative Forum on ―Women Entrepreneurs Associations in Ethiopia:
Opportunities and Challenges‖ was organized by the Centre for African Women Economic
Empowerment (CAWEE) on November 27th, 2008 at Hilton Addis in Addis Ababa 1.

The Consultative Forum had the participation of 225 participants (155 women and 70men) 2
representing stakeholders from policy makers, implementers, business associations,
Chambers of Commerce, NGOs, academic institutions, consultants, researchers, women
entrepreneurs, donors and other concerned development partners that promote the causes
of women in business. In order to facilitate the participation of forum participants with
disabilities, there was a sign language interpreter assigned.

The Consultative Forum was inaugurated by the opening speech of Her Excellency Ubha
Mohammed, State Minister, Ministry of Women‘s Affairs delivered by her representative.
The keynote addresses were delivered by His Excellency Donald Yamamato, Ambassador
of the United Stated of America in Ethiopia and Ms Maria Cruz, Head Spanish Development
Cooperation office and Mr. Philip D'Odwyer, Director, ―Connect Ethiopia‖. The welcoming
Speech was made by Mrs. Nigist Haile, Executive Director of CAWEE.

This Consultative Forum report is the 2nd document prepared for the series of Forums which
will be organized in the coming months. The documentation will be handled by CAWEE. At
the end of the project phase, all the Forum proceedings will be compiled in booklet format.

The following pages explain, in detail, the proceedings of the conference and the
Consultative Forum received a wide coverage by the local Press including TV, radio,
newspapers and website.




    Participants registering              Participants attending the forum




1
    Annex I: Consultative Forum Programme/Agenda
2
    Annex II: List of participants



                                            3
 Inaugural Session
 27th November 2008
 14:00- 15:10 hrs




                                          Start of the consultative forum

• Mrs. Saba Gebremedhin, Director of the Network of Ethiopian Women Associations and the
 Consultative Forum moderator welcomed the distinguished guests and participants.

• Mrs. Nigist Haile, Executive Director of CAWEE in her welcoming speech 3 highlighted the
 main activity areas of CAWEE since its establishment in June 2004. CAWEE mainly targets
 the promotion of Ethiopian women entrepreneurs, with a special focus to women exporters.
 She further indicated that the mission of CAWEE is to promote Ethiopian women
 entrepreneurs, with a special focus to women exporters, both existing and potential or
 emerging exporters.

 She indicated that beyond the provision of export focused business development services,
 CAWEE is also involved in facilitating business contacts in cooperation with organizations
 like ―Connect Ethiopia‖. Encouraging results are being registered with this initiative. The
 efforts of CAWEE in the promotion of Ethiopian women in business are further
 complemented by the interventions of the Women Entrepreneurs Group (WEG) facilitated by
 the US embassy. Apart from the provision of export focused business development services
 and facilitating business contacts, CAWEE is also involved in advocacy work with the aim of
 targeting on issue areas, challenges that women face in business.

 She further highlighted that It is important that women entrepreneurs are having as many
 associations as possible, so that their voices, in the respective areas of interest are very well
 heard. The point is how strong are those associations in providing the expected services to
 their members, how best they need to work on a collective voice so that they can be heard
 and how to ensure national representation? She underlined that It is believed that the
 research finding can provide information and that all the contributions can enrich the
 findings.

 Mrs. Nigist, in her welcoming speech further encouraged participants that it is high time to
 discuss & come out with workable recommendations on how best the collective voices of
 women entrepreneurs, through sector specific as well as through strong national women
 entrepreneurs associations, can be heard very well and bring out transformation that can
 really bring out changes in the status of our women entrepreneurs.



 3
     Annex III: Extract from the welcoming Speech: Mrs. Nigist Haile, Executive Director, CAWEE

                                                 4
                               Mrs. Nigist Executive Director CAWEE

In concluding her speech, Mrs. Nigest said that it is expected that this particular project will
be an instrument to identify policy ideas, opinions and workable recommendations for the
way forward. The findings that target policy ideas and recommendations are believed to
serve as a major tool for further interventions by all concerned development partners in the
promotion of women in business in Ethiopia.




                               Ms Maria Cruz, Head Spanish Development Cooperation office

Ms Maria Cruz 4, Head Spanish Development Cooperation Office in Addis Ababa started her
speech by expressing her pleasure to address the second consultative forum on ―Women
Entrepreneurs Associations; Opportunities and Challenges‖. She explained in detail how the
Spanish collaboration and partnership in promoting the African Development Agenda, and
particularly Ethiopia‘s, has increased dramatically in the last few years. She further
highlighted that one of the instruments has been the establishment of the Spain-NEPAD
Fund devoted to support initiatives addressed to the empowerment of African women.

Ms. Maria Cruz explained that gender equality and the empowerment of women is a major
priority for the Spanish Government, as it is for the Spanish Cooperation Agency, where
gender equality in opportunities, alternatives and responsibilities for women and men is
considered a main requisite for development, and a fundamental factor for effectively and
sustainably fighting poverty. She concluded her remark by congratulating CAWEE on its
efforts to fully promote and support the development of women entrepreneurs, by promoting
a spirit of collaboration among them, and increasing their professionalism.




4
    Annex IV: Extract from the opening Remark by Ms Maria Cruz, Head Spanish Development Cooperation
              Office Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.



                                               5
H.E. Excellency Ubha Mohammed 5, State Minister, Ministry of Women‘s Affairs delivered
her official opening speech through her representative. H.E. highlighted that the
Government of Ethiopia has given great importance and special focus to promote women in
different spheres of development, where the economic empowerment of Ethiopian women is
given greater emphasis.

In implementing the National Women‘s Policy, diverse institutional machineries are set in
place at different levels. Those institutional machineries operating at different levels are very
influential in promoting women in the diverse area of interest.

The Government in giving prominent emphasis to the empowerment of women has
established the Ministry by upgrading the women‘s affairs office, which was operating at the
Prime Minister‘s Office as women‘s affairs, to Ministerial level. H.E. indicated that this shows
the commitment of the government in addressing gender concerns in the political, social and
economic development spheres. H.E. concluded her speech by assuring that the efforts of
the Government of Ethiopia, to empower women economically will be further strengthened
and that her Ministry will continue to closely work with non state actors like CAWEE to
further promote Ethiopian Women in Business.




                               His Excellency Donald Yamamato, Ambassador US Embassy, Addis Ababa

His Excellency Donald Yamamato 6, Ambassador of the United Stated of America in
Ethiopia in his speech indicated that there are great challenges in economic crisis.
Underlining the date November 27 being thanks giving day, the Ambassador said that it is a
thanks giving because there is a new beginning in the United States from coast to coast,
from North to South is a celebration of not only of a new president but also new ideas.

H.E. further highlighted that the US has made effort to support and invest in girls‘ education
in Ethiopia which is an instrument to alleviate poverty and create a vibrant and dynamic
society. He indicated also that the American Chamber of Commerce in Ethiopia has been
launched, which is the third in Sub Saharan Africa. The chamber looks at all the
opportunities not only for women entrepreneurs but for all entrepreneurs and connects them
to the biggest part in the world USA and also to the world wide network of enterprises.

H.E indicated that the other area that they are working on is loan guarantee and this is the
credit guarantee which is important because it gives opportunities not only for women
entrepreneurs but for all groups especially the Diaspora which is bringing more investment
and expanding opportunities not only for women but to all groups in society.



5
  Annex V: Extract from the Official Opening Speech of Her Excellency Ubha Mohammed, State
            Minister, Ministry of Women‘s Affairs
6
  Annex VI: Extract from the Opening Remark of His Excellency Donald Yamamato Ambassador of
            the United States in Ethiopia

                                            6
Mr. Philip D'Odwyer 7, Director, Connect Ethiopia, Dublin, Ireland in his remark explained
that ―Connect Ethiopia‖ is business organization based in Ireland comprising of business
men and women with commercial attitude bring more business men and women as capacity
builder to Ethiopia through trade mission a few times a year.




                               Mr. Philip D'Odwyer, Director, Connect Ethiopia, Dublin, Ireland


He further highlighted the existing networking between CAWEE and Connect Ethiopia and
described it as a very structured networking. It is aimed to increase trade with Ireland as well
as elsewhere with an export focus in particular. But also the cooperation engages capacity
building for women entrepreneurs‘ empowerment through trade. And it is believed that it is
one of the best ways forward in terms of building, empowering women and making them
more productive.




7
    Annex VII: Extract from the Remark by Mr. Philip D'Odwyer, Director, Connect Ethiopia, Dublin,
               Ireland



                                                  7
   Technical Session - Topic: Women Entrepreneurs Associations in
                       Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges
   27th November 2008
   14 45: -15:30 hrs

   Moderator: Mrs. Saba Gebremedhin

   Presenters: Mrs. Desta Solomon

   Rapporteur: Mr. Yared Fekade


   Objective of the Study:

          Assess the strength and weaknesses of Women Entrepreneurs Associations (WEAs)
           operating in Ethiopia and make recommendations to further strengthen the WEAs.

          Propose ideas and recommendations on how best concerned partners can
           contribute their level best in strengthening WEAs.




                              Desta Solomon, presenting the study

1. The Study Covers:

      Addis Ababa WEA
      Southern Region WEA
      Amhara WEA
      Ethiopian Women Exporters Association
      Women Entrepreneurs with Disabilities
      Deaf Entrepreneurs (operating under the umbrella of Ethiopian Federation of Persons
       with Disabilities)
      National Network of WEAs




                                              8
2. Methodology

    o       Interview of leaders and ex-leaders as well as staff of Women Entrepreneurs
            Associations
    o       Review of studies conducted mainly by ILO and WB (e.g. Ethiopian Women
            Entrepreneurs: Going for Growth, ILO 2003 and Building the Capacity of Business
            Membership Organizations (BMOs) WB 2005)
    o       Own experience of working with WEAs and Chamber of Commerce in the past


3. Introduction

    •       BMOs (Business Membership Organizations) refers to various organizations where
            companies or individual entrepreneurs are members

    BMOS are

        –    nonprofit
        –    democratically guided
        –    membership organizations

    •       Finance themselves by a mix of membership dues, service fees, and subsidies from
            government or donors.

    •       Intermediary networking and self regulatory organizations.

     Types of BMOs

     There are two categories:

    •       Chambers of Commerce: large and diverse members and interests

    •       Associations- relatively smaller and more homogenous members

     Functions of BMOs

    •       Provide demand driven services to their members

    •       Advocate and represent the interests of their members

    •       Facilitate networking




                                                9
4. Overview of WEAs

   •   9 Regional WEAs (A.A., Amhara, Tigray, Oromia, Southern, Somali, Benishangul,
       Harari, Dire Dawa) and several city based branches

   •   Women Entrepreneurs with Disabilities

   •   Two Exporters Associations and forums (Ethiopian Women Exporters Association
       and Dire Dawa Women Exporters Forum)

   •   National Network of WEAs


 Regarding the membership profile, most have diverse members from all sectors and all
 sizes of businesses. Few have more homogenous membership such as exporters
 associations, women entrepreneurs with disabilities.


 5. Services

   •   Most common services are:

           –   Organizing bazaars and exhibitions
           –   Facilitating training
           –   Promoting networking and information exchange
           –   Secretarial services
           –   Lobbying for access to land and finance

   •   Organization/Resources

           Capacity varies significantly
           Few have capacity to provide services (e.g. Amhara WEA, Ethiopian Women
           Exporters Association)
           Income from members is very low
           Most associations are struggling financially
           Only few have employed staff- mostly covered by donor funds

 6. Achievements

       •   Raised the profile of Women Entrepreneurs(WEs)
       •   Sustained promotion of the products and services of WEs Bazaars and
           Exhibitions
       •   Facilitation of training and capacity building for members
       •   Few associations like the Amhara WEA are able to promote the products of WEs
           locally and in international markets




                                         10
7. Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) Analysis

Strengths:

     •   WEAs have better capacity than the first generation of WEAs
     •   Voluntarism among leadership and members to contribute to success
     •   Better quality leadership - with exposure, good networks and influences
     •   Improved networking among WEAs

Weaknesses

Weak Governance

     •   Lack of systems for transparency and accountability -danger of ‗elite capture‘,
     •   Conflict of interest
     •   Competition between personal business and association roles
     •   Lack of trust among members and leadership

Organization and Membership

     •   Very weak organizational, HR and financial capacity including organized
         secretariat with staff
     •   Too much dependence on individual leadership for day to day management
     •   Weak systems , plans and processes
     •   Very weak membership base because of awareness, lack of benefit and multiple
         membership
     •   Not inclusive of women with disabilities

Services to Members

     •   Overambitious plans and little performance
     •   Donor dependent
     •   Skewed services to few members because of diversity of membership
     •   Services are not demand driven

Limited Capacity to Work at Policy Level

     •   Absence of strong national representation of WEAs nationally and internationally
     •   lack of awareness and participation in policy advocacy issues at national and Africa
         level such as Economic Partnership Agreements(EPAs), the draft Civil Society
         Organizations(CSO) law, etc
     •   Weak networking and collaboration with other associations and networks




                                           11
Opportunities

     •    Increased awareness and appreciation of the need to promote WEAs generally
     •    A growing number of young WEs with business skills, experience and motivation
          that could potentially contribute to strong associations
     •    Donor interest in private sector development
     •    Less bureaucracy for registration of associations
     •    Opportunities for linking up with Africa wide regional networks exist
     •    Ethiopia has signed up to international instruments on the rights of persons with
          disabilities

Threats

     •    Unfavorable attitude towards women and women with disabilities
     •    The socio-economic and cultural factors- e.g. education, skills, exposure, right to
          ownership,
     •    The position of women in society- confidence, socially ascribed roles, domains, etc
     •    Under developed private sector- low growth, low skill, suffering from financial and
          other resources, etc
     •    Negative perception about the role of associations (weak, ineffective, self-serving)


Key Recommendations

Leadership:

     •    Empowering members
     •    Establishing advisory board
     •    Encouraging new generation of entrepreneurs to the leadership positions-
          succession plan
     •    Audit and annual reports need to be preconditions for support by donors
     •    Enforcing the requirement of renewal of registration by Ministry of Justice.

Building Systems and processes:

     •    Sustained capacity building support to WEAs
     •    Recruitment of key staff for associations with autonomy-strong secretarial staff
     •    Form advisory group from prominent personalities, professionals and women
          activists (lawyers, bankers, economists, etc)

Financial Sustainability:

     •    Develop a business plan with clear indication of financial needs
     •    Identify short term and long term sources of finance and strategies for resource
          mobilization
     •    Lobby with government for supporting sustainable source of income




                                           12
Services for Members:

     •   Clear articulation of purpose and focus
     •   Survey and identify members needs and expectations (e.g. Ethiopian Women
         Exporters Association)
     •   Identify services that could best be provided by the association.
     •   Integrate gender dimensions / tailor it to the needs of women entrepreneurs


Floor Interventions:

Mrs Atsede Zerfu from UNIFEM, Country Office Director, appreciated the efforts done so far
by associations but said that there is still need to use and build on opportunities. She
emphasized that there is a need for an umbrella association which includes micro, small and
medium companies so that linkage can be established




                           Mrs. Atsede Zerfu from UNIFEM, Country Office Director

She further outlined that there is problem of clarity, responsibility and accountability. The
associations need to have bylaws and code of conduct. She also stressed on the need for
international representation with executive board and advisory board established separately

Mr. Temesgen Omer, from the Women‘s Affairs Directorate, in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
appreciated the presentation and indicated that there is some kind of overlap between the
national and regional associations. He further said that if the services delivered by the
associations are attractive the women entrepreneurs will be encouraged to be members of
the associations. If there are more members the associations can deliver services using
various expertises. He indicated that the role of donors has to be supportive for some period
of time. There must be an umbrella association that serves all members at different level of
business

Mr. Mesfin Shiferaw who is a consultant, highlighted on how women entrepreneurs can work
together. He said that there must be trust and respect to work together. This requires a
culture and thinking change




                           Ato Mesfin Shiferaw Consultant and entrepreneur



                                           13
Paradigm shift in perception, mindset and reality change. The other most important thing is
the entrepreneurship training which can change women ways of doing business. Institutions
like CAWEE can support along these lines. Promotion is based on the individual ability to
perform in different situations then leadership can emanate from this

Ms. Talibba Hinkson, Coordinator of Canadian NGOs under the Ethio-Canada Cooperation,
indicated that the structure of the existing associations is centralized and if the associations
can be restructured with sub committees and task force she said that the efficiency of the
associations can increase significantly




                            Ms. Talibba Hinkson, Coordinator of Canadian NGOs



Mrs. Tsehay, Head of Women‘s Affairs Department in the Civil Service Agency asked why
the study did not cover the emerging regions. The other point is capacity building which
address the system, the structure and the capability. She asked if donors are addressing
these issues at grass root level. She further emphasized that financial sustainability can
come through membership fee and contributions

Mr. Sher Verrick from the UN- ECA, African Centre for Gender and Social Development,
highlighted that at the Economic Commission for Africa, they have started to work to
promote young women entrepreneurs in growth oriented areas. The question is how women
entrepreneurs associations are involving young women entrepreneurs. He said another
challenge for women entrepreneurs association is working with micro enterprises


Mr. Andualem Tegegne, Consultant and who was former Secretary General of the Ethiopian
Chamber of Commerce talking about women entrepreneurs association he said that
leadership is not the central issue. But many women entrepreneurs lack entrepreneurial
talents. Those women who have seen the outside world might see the need for
associations. What is important is what the members are expecting from the association.
Secondly technology has to be looked at. Thirdly, domestically how many small businesses
are emerging and dyeing has to be analyzed. In Ethiopia the culture of working in
partnership in business is not common

Mrs. Assegedech Woldeleul, Trainer in International trade and Consultant said the main
reason to join association is the membership marketing and structure. What is the objective
of being a member? Members want to contribute but also need to benefit. How sure the
members are about the fee utilization? The other point is motivation related to identity. It is
true that the members have different products there is a need for benchmarking, quality
packaging

Mrs. Hikmet Abedella, Country Director of the Association of Chartered and Certified
Accountants, said that the reason for us to be here is because of previous associations‘

                                           14
initiatives and contributions. A commendable work has been done. It is very important to
discuss the membership base. Segmentation is not done in terms of association members.
Stakeholders who are representing the women entrepreneurs at international level have to
be well informed and networked. The other point is the survival of the fittest with many
associations. The enforcement of by-laws and accountability is missing. Young leaders are
needed because of the need for competency level with the idea of succession. Encouraging
young entrepreneurs is essential. The financial viability has to come from membership

A representative of local community based NGO, Community Vision Ethiopia, working in
GamoGoffa which is in the western part of Ethiopia asked about the legal formation of
women entrepreneurs associations how these associations are linked with their members

Ms. Almaz Wondemu, Consultant asked why the Ethiopian Women Entrepreneurs
Associations took a national name whereas it does not have representation

His Excellency Ato Ayele Seyoum, who is a Member of Parliament (MP) and Deputy
Chairman of the Trade and Industry Affairs Standing Committee, said that he is very much in
favor of entrepreneurship development. He emphasized that MPs have to closely work with
civil society organizations like CAWEE, hand in hand

Mrs. Sossina Demissie who is a consultant emphasized that the membership database of
associations has to be disaggregated to address the need of the different members

Ms. Rukia Kidahis from Addis Ababa University Institute of Gender Studies emphasized on
the issue those women enterprise owners have to consider the social dimension mainly their
family relationship to become successful


Ms. Saskia Kloezeman, Country representative from Exchange Belgium said that they want
to further collaborate with CAWEE to address the issues of women entrepreneurs.




                           Forum participants exchanging ideas and networking during the reception




                                          15
      Feedback from the consultant and the moderator

The interventions by the forum participants were highly appreciated and most of the issues
raised during the discussion will be further elaborated in the final version of the study. Since
most of the interventions are constructive comments and recommendations, there was full
agreement on the issues raised. In addition to the above identified issues, the consultant
gave explanation on questions raised by the forum participants.

The following are issues which will be further partly addressed by the current study and
future researches which will be conducted in the coming months:

         Develop modality to have clear system, objective for the association membership
          in terms of management, by-laws, accountability, duties and responsibilities and
          representation

         Focus on entrepreneurship development , outline ways to upgrade entrepreneurial
          talents of women entrepreneurs

         Develop mechanisms for capacity building of women entrepreneurs associations

         Need to have diversified associations and also a strong platform and network for
          women entrepreneurs associations

         Develop mechanism to implement the recommendations of the study involving
          various stakeholders.


Concluding Remark

The Executive Director of CAWEE8, Mrs. Nigist Haile thanked the forum participants for their
invaluable contribution and participation. She said that all the opinions and
recommendations are recorded. CAWEE will take all the responsibility in finalizing the
proceedings of the forum and come out with a final document, which at the end of the
project phase, a brief summary of the six consultative forums findings, is expected to be
produced in a booklet form. She further stressed on the need to strengthen the future
collaboration with Connect Ethiopia, Exchange Belgium and UNECA - African Center for
Gender & Social Development (ACGSD).




8
    ANNEX VIII: Extract from the Closing remark of Mrs. Nigist Haile Executive Director of CAWEE


                                             16
ANNEX I
                                                                                              ANNEX II


          Center for African Women Economic Empowerment (CAWEE)


                           List of 2nd Consultative Forum Participants

      “Women Entrepreneurs Associations in Ethiopia: Opportunities & Challenges”

                                November 27, 2008, Hilton Addis

                                             Organization/Company
No.            Name                                                             Status


1      H.E. Ubah Mohamed                    Ministry of Women's Affairs State Minister


2      H.E. Donald Yamamato                 US Embassy, Ethiopia         Ambassador


3      H.E. Ayele Seyoum                    Federal Democratic           Member of Parliament
                                            Republic of Ethiopia
                                            Parliament
4      Ms. Maria Cruiz                      Spanish Development          Head
                                            Cooperation Office,
                                            Ethiopia
5      Mr. Philip D'Odwyer                  Connect Ethiopia, Dublin,    Director
                                            Ireland
6      Mr. Miguel Lianso                    Spanish Embassy, Ethiopia Cultural Attaché


7      Ms. Desta Solomon                    Private Consultant
8      Ms. Carly de Wit                     Amhara Development
                                            Association
9      Ms. Yeshi W. michael                 Private Consultant
10     Ms. Tsehaynesh Gorfu                 Cristofore Blinden Mission   Program Officer
11     Mr. Mekonnen Teshome                 Walta Information Centre     Media Professional


12     Ms. Tarlem Taye                      n/a
13     Mr. Melaku Abiqer                    n/a
14     Ms. Salsawit Tsega                   Sal Art gallery              Business Owner
15     Mr. Fasil Tsegaye                    MLWD Association
16     Ms. Zalashwoin Assefa                Private Consultant
17     Ms. Andachew Kuma                    Federal Micro & Small
                                            Enterprises development
                                            Agency
18     Mr. Musse Tamar                      Ministry of Women‘s Affairs Department Head




                                                     ii
19   Mr. Girma Milky          Addis Ababa Chamber of        Head, Private Sector
                              Commerce & Sectoral           Development Hub
                              Associations
20   Ms. Elissa Jobson        Freelance Journalist
21   Ms. Wubitu Abere         Freelance Consultant
22   Ms. Menbere Alemayehu    Menby‘s Design                Business Owner
23   Ms. Almaz Woldyes        SKY BUS                       Manager
24   Ms. Lettegebriel Huies   Family Service Association


25   Mr. Mulageta Zrea        WIC
26   Ms. Tsehay Assefa        FESA
27   Ms. Fryefadam Goshime    FA Film Production
28   Ms. Aster Mengesha       Aster Bunna                   Business Owner
29   Ms. Asmaru Burihu        Ministry of Education         Head, Women‘s Affairs
                                                            Department
30   Ms. Shemisya Hiyar       Rohobot Leather Product       Business owner (Women
                                                            Entrepreneur with
                                                            Disability)
31   Mr. Shimelis Tafesse     Addis Ababa Television
32   Ms. Tigist Lemma         CAWEE Board of Directors Chair
33   Ms. Miheret Aberra       Association of Ethiopian
                              Micro Finance Institutes
34   Ms. Asa Heijne           Swedish International         Program Officer
                              Development Agency            Stockholm, Sweden
35   Mr. Mengesha Amare       Ethiopia Herald
36   Ms. Lakech Haile         Ministry of Water             Head, Women‘s Affairs
                              Resources                     Department
37   Ms. Mubyeta Tesfa        KLESMCO
38   Ms. Yeshimelet Demisie   Private Ltd
39   Ms. Almaz Aychillum      n/a
40   Mr. Tsegaye Ande         HWMPLC
41   Ms. Alemnesh Antench     Commercial Bank of
                              Ethiopia
42   Mr. Wondafrash Abera     Addis Ababa Chamber of
                              Commerce & Sectoral
                              Associations
43   Ms. Aimechem Moges       n/a
44   Ms. Yemesrach            Private
45   Mr. Mesfin Shiferaw      AFLI-Zemenant BG              Business Owner
46   Ms. Martha Gebre         CIDA
47   Ms. Rukia Aidahis        Addis Ababa University,
                              Institute of Gender Studies


48   Ms. Lulit G. Michael     Snowball Plc.                 Manager
49   Ms Salem Kassahun        Salem‘s Design                Business Owner



                                        iii
50   Ms. Bigarash Kele         Addis Ababa Women
                               Entrepreneurs Association
51   Ms. Zeradam Assegech      Export Promotion
                               Department, Ministry of
                               Trade & Industry
52   Ms. Nassia Hussen         Self Employed
53   Ms. Arsema Bebele         Ellefarez
54   Ms. Saba Tesfaye          Ethiopian National          Sign Language
                               Association of the Deaf     Interpreter
                               (ENAD)
55   Ms. Tigist Negash         ENAD                        Women Entrepreneur
                                                           with Disability
56   Ms. Selamawit Abebe       CFES
57   Ms. Flmarian Tesfaye      The Monitor
58   Ms. Hadia Gondji          Ethiopian Women Exporters President
                               Association
59   Ms. Almaz Zelen           Ministry of Capacity      Head, Women‘s Affairs
                               Building                  Department
60   Ms. Yemisrach W/Giorgis   CVDA
61   Mr. Alemayehu Tesfaye     MCE
62   Ms. Tenagne Melanu        Christian Children Fund     Program Coordinator,
                                                           Africa Region
63   Ms. Atsede Zefu           UNIFEM                      Country Manager
64   Ms. Truberhan Getachew    Good Samaritan              Executive Director
                               Association
65   Ms. Asmarech Tafesse      NSA Ethiopia
66   Mr. Osman G.              Henrich Boll Foundation,    Program Coordinator
                               Ethiopia Office
67   Mr. Getachew Afefrebe     USAID/Ethiopia
68   Ms. Yeshini Evate         Young Women Christian
                               Association
69   Ms. Woubalem Taye         Information Technology      Business Owner
                               Solutions
70   Ms. Genet Sebesta         Accountant
71   Ms. Semira Alhrda         Christian Relief &          Umbrella Organization of
                               Development Association     all NGOs in Ethiopia
72   Ms. Saba Gluchlh          MEMA
73   Ms. Lemlem Admassu        n/a
74   Ms. Meskerem Hdecha       Ethiopian Women with
                               Disabilities National
                               Association
75   Mr. Yaregal Meskir        Federal Micro & Small       General Manager
                               Enterprises development
                               Agency
76   Ms. Tegest Yilma          Capital Newspaper           Journalist
77   Ms. Melkam Alemu          MCB
78   Mr. Addis Mulugeta        Capital Newspaper




                                           iv
79    Mr. Solomon Shal         SSA
80    Ms. Elizabeth Mekuria    Private
81    Ms. Elizabeth Endrias    Ministry of Trade & Industry Expert, Women‘s Affairs
                                                            Department
82    Ms. Rahel Zewde          K-Design                     Business Owner
83    Ms. Yayesh Tesfahuney    Ministry of Works and       Head, Women‘s Affairs
                               Urban Development           Department
                               Ministry

84    Ms. Shitaye Astawes      CAWEE Board of Directors V/Chair
85    Mr. Tesfa Assefa         Propride/Yibekal
86    Ms. Selamawit Shume      Ethiopian National          Women Entrepreneur
                               Association of the Deaf     with Disability
87    Ms. Martha Wondemu       Ethiopian National          Women Entrepreneur
                               Association of the Deaf     with Disability
88    Mr. Habteab Gebrue       GTZ
89    Ms. Mitckie Telau        SOS
90    Ms. Hanna Taye           Duck Plc
91    Ms. Tsegergmau Abe       MOH
92    Mr. Abebe W/Gebrue       AAMM Agency
93    Mr. Robel Woldeyes       Private
94    Ms. Asegedech Woldelul   Consultant


95    Mr. Taddesse W/Meskel    Ethio Sun Leather
96    Mr. Ginjo Giya           Community Vision Ethiopia Executive Director


97    Ms. Abine Taitum         n/a
98    Ms. Saski Leloezeman     Exchange Belguim            Country Representative
99    Ms. Azeb Agred Shafi     Access Capital Sc
100   Ms. Emebet Tadesse       n/a
101   Ms. Frezwed Menyeshu     Free Trading
102   Ms. Kathy Marshall       Sabahar                     Business owner
103   Ms. Yihme Tsye           Private
104   Ms. Cheryl Franciscoru   Institute of International
                               Education, Addis Ababa,    Program Director
                               Ethiopia
105   Ms. Ethiopia Talalan     Institute of International
                               Education, Addis Ababa,    Expert
                               Ethiopia
106   Mr. Wondu Bekele         Mathius Wondu Ye Cancer Executive Director
                               Society
107   Ms. Tadelech Deble       UNDP - DAG
108   Mr. Mulugeta Legesse     Private Consultant
109   Mr. Tehefena Arguw       Tehefenaargaw GC




                                          v
110   Mr. Nigatu Dagnochow     Addis Ababa Youth             Vice President
                               Association
111   Ms. Workaferahu Kidane   Ethiopian Women               Program Manager
                               Exporter‘s Association


112   Mr. Gashaw Debebe        Ministry of Foreign Affairs
113   Ms. Hiriti Asmelash      Hiriti‘s Silhouettes Plc      Business owner


114   Mr. Yared Fekade         Private Sector Practitioner


115   Ms. Etenesh Tegern       Minister of Youth & Sports    Head, Women‘s Affairs
                                                             Department
116   Mr. Samson Hailu         Ethio Sun bin Leather
117   Ms. Selamawit H/Leul     Engineering Capacity
                               Building
118   Mr. Abraham Fetene       Private
119   Ms. Susan Wong           The Africa Report             Journalist
120   Ms. Mesherem Tamir       MTG Architect                 Business owner
121   Ms. Nishan Berein        National Archives Library
122   Ms. Senala Maya-Sellom   Vision on Africa
123   Mr. Andualem Tegegne     Private
124   Mr. Bekele Geda          CBFE
125   Ms. Almaz Wondimu        Private Consultant
126   Ms. Jenna Hoyt           NGO
127   Mr. Temesgen Qmer        Ministry of Foreign Affairs   Department head,
                                                             Women‘s Affairs
                                                             Directorate
128   Mr. Kebede Shiferaw      Addis Ababa Chamber of        Private Sector
                               Commerce & Sectoral           Development Hub
                               Associations
129   Ms. Atsede Tadesse       Amaro Gayn Coffee
130   Ms. Cathy Winston        Connect Ethiopia              Dublin, Ireland


131   Ms. Letifa Abyobis       Ethiopian Women               Director
                               Development Fund
132   Ms. Alganesh Amoyre      Audit Services Corp.
133   Dr. Sher Veride          UN/ECA
                               African Center for Gender &
                               Social Development
134   Mr. Getachew G/Medehin   Ministry of Capacity
                               Building
135   Ms. Hikmet Abdella       Association of Chartered & Country Director
                               Certified Accountants
136   Ms. Aster Kassa          Trio Craft Plc             Business Owner




                                         vi
137   Ms. Taribba Hinkson       Ethio-Canada Cooperation Program Officer
138   Ms. Meselech Teshome      CBE
139   Mr. Dereje Bekele         ADD Printing                Business Owner
140   Ms. Senait Linsi          KeeKoo Design               Business Owner
141   Ms. Theresa Daly          Connect Ethiopia            Dublin, Ireland
142   Ms. Eyerusalem Gedbu      Abba Villa Guesta House     Business Owner


143   Ms. Hiruth Gugssa         Mela
144   Mr. Bob Ransom            Ethiopian Center for
                                Disability & Development
145   Ms. Sossena Duressie      De Mo Enterprise
146   Ms. Medhane Melese        AAYA
147   Ms. Hanna Zelalem         Muya Ethiopia Plc
148   Ms. Kloaicha Calka        MUZI
149   Mr. Girma Demisse         IEC
150   Ms. Kelemwerk Berhane     n/a
151   Mr. Yeneneh Worku         Strivers Academy            Director
152   Ms. Tsenay Teshome        Strivers Academy            Business Owner
153   Enginner Gizawe Tsehaye   Habesha Cement Plc
154   Ms. Mulatwa Tsgaya        Commercial Bank
155   Mr. Bitew Belay           Ethio Millennium Reserve
                                and Development


156   Ms. Meseret Tefera        Agape Design
157   Ms. Mulumebet             BRASS Hospital
158   Mr. Seifu Woday           CFES
159   Ms. Muluemebet Dolicho    Ministry of Trade &
                                Industry, Women‘s Affairs
                                Department
160   Ms. Tiruwork Tizazu       Ministry if Finance &       Head, Women‘s Affairs
                                Economic Development        Department
161   Ms. Hanna Yigezu          n/a
162   Ms. Elizabeth Abebe
163   Ms. Yo Gawcak             ACORD
164   Ms. Martha Hadush         Revenue Authority
165   Ms. Tebebe Sellase Reda   n/a
166   Mr. Tilahun Abbay         Brass Youth Academy
167   Ms. Sophie Boreshu        CCE International
168   Mr. Ahmed Ali             Oxfam GB
169   Ms. Hamere Tefera         RBC Canada                  Canada
170   Ms. Fetenu Belabe         NDP Consulting
171   Ms. Seble Kebede          SysNet Computers



                                        vii
172   Ms. Martha Getachew       ABBA Garments
173   Mr. Halegnaw Eshte        Bue Consultant
174   Ms. Ehete Bekele          Central Statistcial Agency   Head, Women‘s Affairs
                                                             Department
175   Mr. Solomon Sisaye        Solis TRA
176   Mr. Zelalem Teshome       NGM
177   Ms. Zanib Aeal            Ethiopia Clinic
178   Ms. Colin Campbell        Canadian Urban Institute


179   Ms. Yeshewa Nadew         Soroptimist International,
                                Addis Ababa Club
180   Ms. Mulutsehai Mussie     Network of Ethiopian         Program Officer
                                Women Association
181   Ms. Eigaychu Mekonen      YWCA
182   Ms. Tigist Dembbie        TG Dwsyn
183   Ms. Genet Kebede          GMM Garment Plc
184   Ms. Herald Millim         Ethiopian Airlines
185   Ms. Tizita                New Millennium Dev. Org.


186   Ms. Berhane Daba          Ethiopian Women with         Executive Director
                                Disabilities National
                                Association (EWDNA)
187   Ms. Alemise Hayebin       Zema setoch lefeteh
188   Mr. Firew Kefyalew        IIRR
189   Mr. Samson Meressa        Afr Erorno
190   Mr. Solomon Getanew       Private
191   Ms. Methanit Kale         YWCA
192   Ms. Tsehai Yitbarek       YWCA
193   Mr. Habtesalassie Hagos   Golden Africa Capacity       Director
                                Centre
194   Ms. Bekelu Shiferan       International Livestock &
                                Research Institute
195   Ms. Efamandie Getchen     Waterworks Const.
196   Ms. Aster Kenaw           Ethiopian Tourist Trading
                                Enterprise
197   Ms. Melika Bedre          Commercial Band of           Vice President
                                Ethiopia
198   Ms. Endulech Wonder       YWCA
199   Ms. Aster Abreham         Astab                        Business Owner
200   Ms. Beleyou Iilahu        New Millenium Dev. Org.


201   Ms. Azeb Astake           EWDNA
202   Mr. Amare Gashaw          PUT
203   Ms. Woinseht              PUT
204   Ms. Loza Eshetu           Weyba Spa



                                          viii
205   Ms. Bizunesh Degol           Globel Int. School.
206   Ms. Saba                     Network of Ethiopian          Director (Forum
      Gebremedehin                 Women Associations            Moderator)
207   Ms. Selamawit Hailemichael   Private sector practitioner
208   Mrs. Amsale Hunde            Oromia women Association Vice President
209   Mr. Geremew Ayalew           Ministry of Trade and         Head, Foreign Relations
                                   Industry                      Department
210   Mr. Seleshi Abebe            Consultant
211   Mr. Benedino Ferrara         Digital Impressions           Owner & Manager
212   Ms. Kasech Sibeshi           CAWEE                         Lead Organizer


213   Ms. Kalkidan Girma           CAWEE                         Assistant Organizer


214   Ms. Feven Henok              CAWEE                         Assistant Organizer


215   Mr. Hanan Sultan             CAWEE                         Assistant Organizer


216   Ms. Meaza Birbiso            CAWEE                         Assistant Organizer


217   Ms. Ejigayehu Kassa          CAWEE                         Assistant Organizer


218   Ms. Alpha Solomon            CAWEE                         Assistant Organizer


219   Ms. Haimanot Ayele           CAWEE                         Assistant Secretary


220   Mr. Kassahun Takele          CAWEE                         Assistant Organizer


221   Mr. Moges Mekonnen           CAWEE                         Assistant Organizer


222   Mr. Mekonen Teshome          CAWEE                         Media Coverage
                                                                 Coordinator
223   Ms. Jessa Blades             CAWEE                         CAWEE Intern


224   Ms. Barbara A. Bijelice      CAWEE                         CAWEE Intern


225   Ms. Nigest Haile             CAWEE                         CAWEE Executive
                                                                 Director




                                            ix
                                                                                  ANNEX III

       Extract from the welcoming Speech: Mrs. Nigist Haile, Executive Director,
       CAWEE


       Excellency Members of Parliament

       Excellency Ubah Mohammed

       Excellency Donald Yamamoto,
       Ambassador of the US Embassy, Addis Ababa

       Ms. Maria Cruz
       Head, Spanish Development Cooperation Office, Addis Ababa
       Diplomats

       UN Representatives

       Government Officials

       Women Entrepreneurs

       Invited Guests

       Ladies and Gentle Men


It is a great honor and privilege for the Center for African Women Economic Empowerment
(CAWEE), to well come you all to this second consultative forum organized by our Center. CAWEE,
established in June 2004, works targeting the economic empowerment of Ethiopian women and the
Center believes that ―Empowering Women Economically is Key to Development‖.

CAWEE mainly targets the promotion of Ethiopian women entrepreneurs, with a special focus to
women exporters. Therefore, the mission of CAWEE is to promote Ethiopian women entrepreneurs,
with a focus to women exporters, both existing and potential or emerging exporters.

Beyond the provision of export focused business development services, CAWEE is also highly
involved in facilitating business contacts. In this respect, CAWEE closely works with the concerned
ones that are operating with in and outside the country. Through the contact created with ―Connect
Ethiopia‖ Dublin, Ireland, profiles of thirty three (33) companies were prepared and were sent to
Dublin, so that the partners could get a chance to know better the Ethiopian companies and further
communicate to the respective companies that they showed interest, before the mission comes
here to Addis.

The ―Connect Ethiopia‖ mission, comprising of thirty eight (38) business people, is already here in
Addis, I acknowledge the presence of the Director of ―Connect Ethiopia‖ – Mr. Philip and one of the
most important connector – Ms. Cathy, who is mainly supporting us in connecting our women
entrepreneurs - who is also here with us and also some of the members of the ―Connect Ethiopia‖


                                                x
team. We are expecting that Ethiopian companies will have the opportunity to connect with this
team. About nine (9) companies, that are already identified – involved in handloom, handicrafts and
jewellery – had a meeting yesterday with the connectors.

The efforts of CAWEE, in the promotion of Ethiopian women in business, are complemented by
different initiatives. One of the major initiatives, facilitated by the Ambassador of the US Embassy, I
acknowledge the presence of H.E. Ambassador Donald Yamamoto, is the Women Entrepreneurs
Group (WEG) which was established in July 2006, to address the constraints faced by growth-
oriented women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia. CAWEE is an active member of the WEG and its
Executive Director is working as a sub-committee chair. WEG is in the process of getting registered
as the OWIT (Organization of Women in International Trade), Ethiopian Chapter. This Chapter of
OWIT is expected to be a member of the Ethiopian-American Chamber of Commerce, which is
expected to launch and be operational very soon.

Further to his generous support to the Women Entrepreneurs Group, H.E. Ambassador Yamamoto
had been very instrumental for the provision of the guarantee fund specifically designed for
Ethiopian women entrepreneurs. The program, implemented through the USAID Development
Credit Authority (DCA), has set aside 4.28 million USD in loans specifically to women-owned
enterprises, through Abyssinia bank. The limit per individual loan is expected to be 2.5 million birr
per business. A parallel program for Ethiopian Diaspora is also set to be implemented with a fund
of 7 million USD through the Dashen bank, with a single borrow limit of 7 million Birr per business,
which is open to female Diaspora as well,

I am confident that this noble initiative taken by the US Embassy, through its DCA program, can
serve as a reference and as role model in encouraging other donors and development partners to
take similar initiatives as well.

Apart from the provision of export focused business development services and facilitating business
contacts, CAWEE is also involved in advocacy work with the aim of targeting on issue areas,
challenges that women face in business.

Coming back to the today‘s event, CAWEE has planned to organize series of six
consultative/advocacy forums, including a seventh wrap-up forum, for 14 months, expected to take
place every two months, focusing on main challenges that affect the growth and expansion of
women‘s businesses. This particular project, supported and financed by the Spanish-NEPAD fund,
is designed to address some of the critical issue areas for debate, through conducting action
oriented research, by organizing and running series of consultative/advocacy forums on major
thematic issue areas of concern.

Participants of those forums are expected to be policy makers, implementers, donors,
representatives of UN & international organizations, business associations, Chambers of
Commerce, NGOs, academic institutions, consultants, researchers, the women entrepreneurs
themselves and other concerned development partners that promote the causes of women in
business.

It is expected that this particular project will be an instrument to identify policy ideas, opinions and
workable recommendations for the way forward. The findings that target policy ideas and
recommendations are believed to serve as a major tool for further interventions by all concerned
development partners in the promotion of women in business in Ethiopia.




                                                   xi
The first consultative forum, that took place on September 25th, 2008 at the Sheraton Addis,
focusing on the issue area: ―Challenges Facing Small & Medium Enterprises Owned by Women
Entrepreneurs in Selection and Acquisition of Commercial and Industrial Premises‖ discussed the
issue in depth and has come out with opinions and recommendations for further actions.

Today, we will have our second consultative forum focusing on the issue area of concern ―Women
Entrepreneurs Associations in Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges‖.

Recalling back to history, there was a national association called - the Ethiopian Women
Entrepreneurs Association (EWEA), which had been operational in the country in the 1990s. Even
though it was not very strong and not institutionally set in place, EWEA‘s voices were at least heard
and it had good Regional as well as international networks. Being the Deputy Chair for the African
Federation of Women Entrepreneurs (AFWE), EWEA was able to organize the 2nd Global Women
Entrepreneurs Trade Fair & Investment Forum in October, 1998 in Addis Ababa. After this event
passed, the President of the EWEA died and it was unfortunate that since then EWEA is not
operational.

Efforts were made by the Ministry of Trade & Industry, the Women‘s Affairs Department in
facilitating the formation of women entrepreneurs associations at different levels. This started about
15 years back and that time it was an opportunity personally for me, Heading the Women‘s Affairs
Department of the Ministry of Trade & Industry and getting fully involved in encouraging women
entrepreneurs to form their associations so that their collective voices can better be heard. That
time, support was given by the Government as well as donors, like – Fredrick Ebert Foundation, the
ILO - for the following associations to be established:

   -   Ethiopian Women Exporters Forum, (this time named as Ethiopian Women Exporters
       Association);

   -   Amhara Women Entrepreneurs Association;

   -   Southern Region Women Entrepreneurs Association;

   -   Addis Ababa Women Entrepreneurs Association;

   -   Oromia Region Women Entrepreneurs Association, in selected towns – Nazereth, Ambo
       and Wolisso;

   -   Tigray Women Entrepreneurs Association; in Mekelle town;

   -   Harari Women Entrepreneurs Association;

   -   Dire Dawa Women Entrepreneurs Association & Dire Dawa Women Exporters Forum.


After I left the Ministry, I was informed by my successor, that efforts were made by the Women‘s
Affairs Department to strengthen the already existing ones and to further facilitate the formation of
the associations in the other regions. Network of Women Entrepreneurs Associations was
established, with a lead role taken by the Amhara Women Entrepreneurs Association, with the
financial support secured from SIDA.




                                                 xii
I am very proud to associate myself with the Amhara Women Entrepreneurs Association, since I
was involved from its inception. This is one of the strongest associations that we have in the
country, which can serve as a reference and a role model for others in its committed leadership,
succession plan and its target towards sustainability.

Apart form the above mentioned associations, different initiatives are also under process, like the
establishment of the Network of Ethiopian Women in Trade in Services, Organization of Women in
International Trade (OWIT) Ethiopia Chapter, and others.

It is important that women entrepreneurs are having as many associations as possible, so that their
voices in the respective areas of interest are very well heard. The point is how strong are those
associations in providing the expected services to their members, how best they need to work on a
collective voice so that they can be heard, how can we have a storing national representation in
that? I believe that the research finding can provide us information and hope that all your
contributions can enrich the research findings.

It is high time that we need to discuss & come out with workable recommendations on how best the
collective voices of women entrepreneurs, through sector specific as well as through strong national
women entrepreneurs associations, can be heard very well and bring out transformation that can
really bring out changes in the status of our women entrepreneurs.

The research based findings in this thematic issue area of concern, will be presented by a well
known consultant. The research was based on secondary and primary data, where relevant
documents available were reviewed, women entrepreneurs association leaders, concerned
development partners – The Government, Donors (like the – the ILO, USAID, SIDA), Chambers of
Commerce, Business Associations, and others involved in the promotion of women in business
were also interviewed and consulted.

The research further covered the issue of women entrepreneurs with disabilities with a focus to their
membership in women entrepreneurs associations, where relevant partners organizations, like - the
Ethiopian Women with Disabilities National Association (EWDNA), Federation of Persons with
Disabilities and the Ethiopian Center for Disability & Development (ECDD) were consulted. The
researcher further went through the SWOT analysis, where the Strengths, Weaknesses,
Opportunities and Threats were also analyzed.

Based on the research findings presented, this forum is expected to propose opinions, workable
recommendations and policy ideas for further actions and interventions.

CAWEE will take all the responsibility in recording the proceedings of the forums and come out with
a final document, in a booklet form, to be launched at a wrap-up forum to be organized at the end of
the project phase. Apart from the documentation that will be handled by CAWEE, the findings and
the proceedings of the different consultative forums will be published in NEPAD‘s newsletter.

Finally, I would like to take this opportunity to thank the following, whose support and help had been
great and was very instrumental for this event to happen:


               The Spanish-NEPAD Fund;

               The Spanish Embassy & The Spanish Development Cooperation Office in Addis
               Ababa, who had been very helpful from the start up to now;


                                                 xiii
       The NEPAD Secretariat based in South Africa, who had been and still is our back
       stopper;

       H.E. Ubha Mohammed – Her presence & the opening remark that she will be
       delivered shows the commitment of the Government to partner and closely work with
       NGOs like CAWEE;

       H.E. Ambassador Donald Yamamoto – I appreciate his continued commitment in
       supporting our cause, today being Thanks Giving day, he is here with us;

       Wr/o Desta Solomon — The researcher;

       The women entrepreneur association leaders, concerned offices & organizations that
       are involved in promoting women entrepreneurs associations, that have been
       interviewed, during the field research;

       Mr. Benedino Ferrari — Our Graphic Designer, who produced all those beautiful
       promotional materials distributed during this forum;

       Wr/o Saba G/Medhen — The Director for the Network of Ethiopian Women
       Associations (NEWA) , who will be the moderator of this second consultative forum

       CAWEE support team and lastly but not least


       All of you that have respected our invitation, all your presence & contributions are
       very instrumental for our success. I also would like to thank Dr. Lemlem and Wr/o
       Fray who gave us their valuable opinions recorded and to be featured to you during
       the course of our discussion.

Thank you very much for all your support and help.

Our up-coming third consultative forum will take place at the Hilton Addis, Thursday January
29, 2009, on the thematic issue area - ―Women Entrepreneurs and Their Challenges in
Accessing Financial Services‖. You are all invited for that. Please mark the date in your
calendar.

Please make sure that you have registered your contact details at our registration desk, so
that we can continuously invite you for our up-coming consultative forums.

Thank you very much for your kind attention.


I Thank You!




                                        xiv
                                                                           ANNEX IV

Extract from the Remark made by Ms Maria Cruz, Head Spanish Development
Cooperation Office, Addis Ababa

Your Excellency, Ubah Mohammed, State Minister
Ministry of Women Affairs

Your Excellency, US Ambassador Donald Yamamato

Executive Board of CAWEE, NEWA Director

Ladies and Gentlemen,

I am very pleased to be here this afternoon on behalf of the Spanish Embassy and myself,
and have this opportunity to address some remarks in this Second Consultative Forum on
―Women Entrepreneurs Associations in Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges‖ organized
by the Centre for African Women Economic Empowerment (CAWEE), and funded by the
Spanish International Development Cooperation Agency (AECID) through the Spanish
NEPAD Fund.

Spanish collaboration and partnership in promoting the African Development Agenda, and
particularly Ethiopia‘s, has increased dramatically in the last few years. One of the
instruments has been the establishment of this Spanish-NEPAD Fund devoted to support
initiatives addressed to the empowerment of African Women.

Gender equality and the empowerment of women is a major priority for the Spanish
Government, as it is for our Spanish Cooperation Agency, where gender equality in
opportunities, alternatives and responsibilities for women and men is considered a main
requisite for development, and a fundamental factor for effectively and sustainably fighting
poverty.

Your Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen, we believe that the key ways of fighting violence
and achieving the empowerment of women are education, and increasing their autonomy
and their economic independence. This will allow them to take their own decisions about
their children, and will provide the required strength to face difficulties.

On this regards, women entrepreneurs are courageous and enterprising women who have
chosen an extremely exciting and challenging sector of performance, and have the chance
to create employment and wealth, and contribute for the development of the country. We
want to congratulate CAWEE on its efforts to fully promote and support the development of
women entrepreneurs, by promoting a spirit of collaboration among them, and increasing
their professionalism. We think it is an appropriate way of fighting poverty, and we are sure
that many useful and innovative ideas will come up from this meeting to the benefit of your
enterprises and the whole country.

Finally I would like to wish you a very productive meeting and successful deliberations, and
thank you for your effort and participation.
Thank you very much.




                                          xv
                                                                             ANNEX V
Extract from the Opening Speech of Her Excellency Ubah Mohammed, State
Minister, Ministry of Women’s Affairs

   Excellency Members of Parliament

   Excellency Donald Yamamato, Ambassador of
   the US Embassy, Addis Ababa

   Diplomats, UN Representatives

   Government Officials

   Women Entrepreneurs

   Invited Guests

Ladies and Gentlemen

I have the pleasure of being here in this very important event that will be discussing on one
of the issue areas of concern in the promotion of women entrepreneurs in Ethiopia.

The Government of Ethiopia has given great importance and special focus to promote
women in different spheres of development, where the economic empowerment of Ethiopian
women is given greater emphasis.

In implementing the National Women‘s policy, diverse institutional machineries are set in
place at different levels. Those institutional machineries operating at different levels are very
influential in promoting women in the diverse area of interest.

The Government in giving prominent emphasis to the empowerment of women has
established the Ministry by upgrading the women affairs office, which was operating at the
Prime Minister‘s Office as Women‘s affairs, to Ministerial level. This shows the commitment
of the government in addressing gender concerns in the political, social and economic
development spheres.

Regarding the protection of the women‘s legal right, the Federal Democratic Republic of
Ethiopia has underlined Article 35 in its Constitution.

In the provision of financial and technical support to women, especially to those women
operating at micro enterprise levels, the Government of Ethiopia has established the
Ethiopian Women‘s Development Fund. Besides the implementation of Women
Development Package along with Micro and Small Scale enterprise development and urban
development packages shows the prominent effort of the Government in the specific area.

Thus, with a very special focus to economic development, the Government of Ethiopia has
taken various measures to incorporate the economic empowerment of women in its Planned
Action for Sustainable Development for the Eradication of Poverty (PASDEP) document as
well as in the National Action Plan for Gender Equality. These shows that the relevancy of



                                           xvi
the appropriate strategy of the Government in economic empowerment of women in the
country at large.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The Government in general and our Ministry as well is going through a process of Business
Process Re-engineering (BPR) with the aim of designing systematic strategies to be able to
deliver efficient services. We believe that the outcome of the process will be of assistance to
run our activities efficiently and effectively in serving the women of Ethiopia.

Thus, the Ministry of Women‘s Affairs appreciates the efforts done by the Centre for African
Women Economic Empowerment (CAWEE) in promoting Ethiopian women in business.
These kinds of efforts supplement the aforementioned initiatives taken by the Government.

As I was briefed, CAWEE apart from providing diverse categories of export focused
business development services, it has also involved in advocacy initiatives through
organizing consultative forums based on action oriented researches. These kinds of
particular approaches which are designed to address some of the critical challenges women
face in running their business are highly appreciated. Because such kinds of forums would
be used as instruments or mechanisms in collecting views, policy ideas and
recommendations from pertinent stakeholders.

In this Second Consultative Forum, that will be discussing the thematic area:‖ Women
Entrepreneurs Associations in Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges‖ the participants of
the forum are expected to actively participate, forward their views and concerns and
propose recommendations that can serve as a basis for designing policies and strategies on
how best Ethiopian Women Entrepreneurs Associations can be capacitated and
strengthened.

It is my sincere wish and belief that the outcome of this forum will convey out tangible results
and contribute its level best in the promotion of Women Entrepreneurs Association of
Ethiopia.

I believe that efforts of different development partners and prominent stakeholders need to
further get strengthened and continued to be able to capacitate women entrepreneurs
associations and also to reach as many women entrepreneurs as possible that are
operating in various sub-sectors at different levels.

I would like to thank the sponsor, that is the Spanish-NEPAD Fund and I congratulate
CAWEE for the initiative that it took to promote women entrepreneurs, mainly exporters, and
in particular in organizing series of consultative forums, like this one, on the issues of
concern that challenge women in business.

I would also like to assure you that, the efforts of the Government of Ethiopia, to empower
women economically will be further strengthened and my Ministry will continue closely
working with non state actors to further promote Ethiopian Women in Business.

With those few remarks, I declare this Second Consultative Forum open.

I thank you for your kind attention.




                                          xvii
                                                                          ANNEX VI


Extract from the Opening Remark of His Excellency Donald Yamamato,
Ambassador of the United States of America in Ethiopia

Today as you know we face great challenges in economic crisis. We also should understand
today is thanks giving day. A thanks giving because we have a new beginning in the United
States from coast to coast, from North to South is a celebration of not only of a new
President but also new ideas. I was listening to President elect Barrack Obama the other
day he was talking about a new paradigm for change and that paradigm change is not only
a new direction, a new beginning but really the reaffirmation of our core values, core ideals
what really matters not only for us as society but also for the future generation.

One thing we are looking at is how can we create? How can we build? On all the talents we
have and the new president was asked‖ you are the first African American?‖ and he said it
is not really the color of your skin but rather the content of your character it is what you are
going to bring to create and build on what is happening now and for the future. And then I
think this should be our motto it is not only create and innovation and vision, but it is also
reaffirmation of our core values.

Ethiopia is our strategic partner and we are committed not only to aid but also to invest in
the future of Ethiopia because it is in the interest of not only the region but also the world. In
the past year and the foreseeable future we are providing investment and development of
girls education. We are working with the First Lady in investment of a five year program on
girls scholarship. We are working also on education program that will address all areas of
Ethiopia.

We are working also on a new development paradigm. It is no longer an area where we just
give assistance to help programs. But it goes to the community and changes what
communities do and what we have learnt is that a road rapidly develops community we must
develop any primary asset which is girls education, women and also microenterprise
programs. I give you one example in the southern part of Ethiopia with the help of some
NGOs like PACT and others we have gone to communities and help create community
schools, children don‘t have to walk miles and miles to school but stay in community. In turn
it is to help the women not always in education but with microenterprise program and then
for that we learn that the husbands and the boys are also committed and support them. So
becomes a cohesive unit. We find at these communities not only they must economically
develop but also influence other communities around them.

The next area we are working on is we have now launched the American Chamber of
Commerce. It is only the third in Sub Saharan Africa. Why is that important? First of all it is
going to be the first Chamber under our new President so that is a good thing, the second
thing is that the Chamber looks at all the opportunities not only for women entrepreneurs but
for all entrepreneurs and connects them to the biggest part in the world, USA and also to the
world wide network of enterprises. Some ask why not Ghana, Why not Senegal, Why not
Liberia or Uganda or Tanzania which have much more vibrant economies than Ethiopia and
the answer is because here in Ethiopia they care they want to do it and that is why we have



                                           xviii
it here. This is an opportunity if you have it take advantage of it seize it and move forward
and Ethiopia has done that.

The other area that we are working on is loan guarantee and this is the credit guarantee
which is important because it gives opportunities not only for women entrepreneurs but for
all groups especially the Diaspora which is bringing more investment and expanding
opportunities not only for women but to all groups in society.

And so I then challenge you today and in the next few days to look at all the opportunities
we can implement to make this a much more dynamic country but also a better place for
future generation we need not only inventions and vision but also to reaffirm our core values
to these ideals. So today, it is a day of Thanks Giving, I want to thank you for taking a time
to be here to participate and make a difference not only in the lives of the people here but
also the lives of future generation.

Thank you very much.




                                          xix
                                                                            ANNEX VII
Extract from the Remark by Mr. Philip D'Odwyer, Director, Connect Ethiopia,
Dublin, Ireland

Your Excellency, Ubah Mohammed, State Minister
Ministry of Women Affairs

Your Excellency, US Ambassador Donald Yamamato

Executive Board of CAWEE,

NEWA Director


Thank you very much for the honor to address you this afternoon. And happy thanks giving
as well Ambassador. Our guests what I have to talk to you about is the commercial aspect of
women entrepreneurs and how to develop yourself and the relationship that has developed
over three very short months between CAWEE and Connect Ethiopia.

Connect Ethiopia as some of you know is business organization based in Ireland comprising
of business men and women who with commercial attitude bring more business men and
women as capacity builder to Ethiopia through trade mission a few times a year. For
example over the last three years we have brought together the insurance industry, law,
tourism, banking, retail trade, information communications technology and we were
establishing a village form project for the moment with the Ministry of Communication and
the Ethiopian Telecommunication Corporation (ETC).

We have brought business consultants and we also brought the Addis Ababa Chamber of
Commerce to Dublin in May this year and a memorandum of understanding has been
signed and agreed between the Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Dublin Chamber
of Commerce and there will be lots of interesting outputs from that relationship in the future.

One of the ground things of our activities in Ethiopia has been the workshops that we carried
out with business men and women in Ethiopia through the Addis Chamber of Commerce
and I am sure many of you have attended them from time to time depending on your area of
interest. We are also joining Addis Ababa University with Trinity College in Dublin. Trinity
College is ranked the 49th university of the world which is high honor for college in very small
country. And through that we will do educational capacity building.

Moving on to our relation between Connect Ethiopia and CAWEE we met for the first time
on the 2nd August this year. And we shared ideas and we shared what Connect Ethiopia
wants to do and what CAWEE wants to achieve. So Connect Ethiopia has taken the
commercial aspect of what CAWEE tries to achieve and the issue of preparing women for
export and helping those who are already exporting to find markets.

And we don‘t limit our activity simply to bringing goods from Ethiopia to Ireland, it is
wherever we can network because we are business people in Ireland but we have business
contact outside of Ireland and for example we are at the moment working with a large chain
in Chicago; a chain of 160 shops in the US to bring textile from one of your members to that
chain of shops probably starting sometime next year.


                                          xx
The networking that we engage in therefore between CAWEE and Connect Ethiopia is a
very structured networking. It is aimed to increase trade with Ireland as well as elsewhere
with an export focus in particular. But we also engage in capacity building for women
entrepreneurs‘ empowerment through trade. And we believe that is one of the best ways
forward in terms of building, empowering women and making them more productive. Women
are an asset in any society and should be treated as such.

We received a number of profiles, around 33 companies from among your membership
some excellent profiles and some great opportunity to develop trade for your members. We
are not competitors; we are facilitators so we are not working towards any agenda other
than whatever your agenda is. We received these profiles in the last month and so far we
have managed through one of our connector who is here this week, we have managed to
put together a package where we hope to connect 10 to 15 of those companies with
retailers in Ireland and be able to sell goods probably in the next month or two we are
bringing home quite an amount of samples tomorrow to Ireland to begin that process.

One of our connector runs an organization for a retail trade in Ireland and has many
hundreds of members, so we have great opportunities to engage the retail community in
Ireland and bring back their expectations to you, the way they want to engage with you in
terms of the rules of engagement of trade and then assist you in meeting those
expectations.

We also try to assist you in terms of any organizational change in your business so that you
can meet the expectations of importers in other countries. Meeting the expectations of
importers in Ireland through restructuring of your business should also work well for export in
any other country as well; because lots of the rules of engagement are very common from
country to country. I gave you the example of chain in the US with 160 shops, I think that
with proper organizational ground here through our Connect Ethiopia Office in Addis Ababa
and CAWEE we can do a lot to help your members to look outward with their business, and
to plan and process the organizational management towards successful exporting activities.

I am looking forward hearing some of the research findings. I haven‘t been involved
personally but I know a huge amount of work has been done and its been a lot of
cooperation from different organizations and I congratulate you for what you are doing. And
if I could just finally give you just snap shot of one trade mission we are just finishing our
November trade mission this week we have 38 people on the trade mission we are
delivering a role of law conference over the last three days to judges from all parts of
Ethiopia. We have a number of judges in Ireland with large expertise in that area. They are
delivering it as we speak . We also had an insurance conference between the Irish
Federation and the association of Ethiopian Insurance. We have two groups working there;
one was at CEO level, there was one day seminar and the second one at the middle
manager level.

We also have tourism task force and we had our first series of meetings this week. We had
several workshops. There is going to be some development and as you can imagine in
Ireland lots of women entrepreneurs are engage in the tourism industry. I can imagine in
Ethiopia the same will happen. So keep your ears out for what is happening in Bahirdar
because we are picking one particular pilot project in improving accommodation in hotels
bringing them to service standards also around that area with the view of using that as a




                                          xxi
pilot and replicating that to other rural areas around Ethiopia. So keep an eye out, I am sure
that there will be business opportunity that develops out of that as well.

We have a banking section here this week as well meeting bankers from development
bankers to down to commercial retail and microfinance and some work have been done
there and I hope that will ultimately deliver some very interesting project particularly
microfinance.

And finally if I could give you with one parting comment which could be what we feel with
what we do; we try to stimulate trade, investment, knowledge and technology transfer that is
our mission that is our goal, so your success is our goal. We are not here to compete with
you and also we are not here to tell you what to do, we can help you but first you have to tell
us what you want from us.

Thank you very much.




                                         xxii
                                                                              ANNEX VIII
   Extract from the Closing Remark: Mrs. Nigist Haile, Executive Director,
   CAWEE

  I thank you all for your active participation and contributions. All your opinions and
recommendations are recorded. CAWEE will take all the responsibility in finalizing the
proceedings of the forum and come out with a final document, which at the end of the project
phase, a brief summary of the six consultative forums findings, is expected to be produced in a
booklet form.

 Very few notes that I would like to make:

 1. On ―Connect Ethiopia‖ –

    I appreciate the presence of the Director of ―Connect Ethiopia‖ Mr. Philip and Ms. Cathy, our
connector. We are expecting also some members of the team joining us. Please continue the
discussion during the reception that will be following.

 2. On ―E- Exchange‖ –

―Ex-Change‖, a program from Belgium works on sharing entrepreneurial expertise for a better
world. Ex-Change is an independent organization with the objective to stimulate & support
entrepreneurship and sustainable growth in enterprises, in providing expertise and global
networks in identified countries, where Ethiopia is one of the counties.

The country representative of Ex-Change - Ms. Saskia Kloezeman has accepted our invitation
to be here with us today at this forum, I appreciate that. Please women as well as men
entrepreneurs, operating in the different sub-sectors, make use of her presence, specifically
during the time of the reception that will follow soon.

3. On UNECA - African Center for Gender & Social Development (ACGSD) –

CAWEE has been consulted by the UN/ECA - African Center for Gender & Social Development
(ACGSD). Dr. Sher Verick is here with us, with the initiative that they are taking in encouraging
young women entrepreneurs. ACGSD is further interested to know more on the particular
challenges that young women/girls in business face. Young women in business or who aspire
for that, present here, please contact Dr. Sher Verick and try to get to know more about their
concern and their program and make use of the opportunity that will be available to promote
young women entrepreneurs. I am sure that good number of young women entrepreneurs as
well as the representative of the Addis Ababa Youth Association are here with us; please try to
use this opportunity as well.

While we are continuing our discussion during our reception that will follow soon, please let us
continue to network and know each other more.

 Thank you very much!




                                             xxiii
Promotional Materials          ANNEX IX




                        xxiv
xxv
Conference Banner (Inside & outside conference hall)




                             xxvi
        Roll up Banner (Inside)




xxvii
         ANNEX X




xxviii
Press Coverage                                                                                 ANNEX XI

Ethiopia -




     Spain keen to support Ethiopia’s women
     empowerment initiatives
     Monday, 01 December 2008




         Maria Cruiz Addis Ababa, December 1(WIC) -The Spanish International
     Development Cooperation Agency (AECID) said that the Spanish government is keen to
     support Ethiopia‘s initiative to ensure gender equality and women empowerment.

     Representing the Spanish ambassador, Antonio Sanchez-Benedito, head AECID, Maria
     Cruiz recently told a consultative forum that gender equality and empowerment of
     women is a major priority area of Spanish government‘s development cooperation with
     Ethiopia.

      The head indicated that the Spanish government has established the Spain-NEPAD
     fund to support women empowerment initiative in Africa in general and in Ethiopia in
     particular.

     Maria also said the Spanish government through the Center for African Women
     Economic Empowerment (CAWEE) has provided financial and technical assistance to
     promote the cause of women entrepreneurship in Ethiopia.

      According to CAWEE‘s Executive Director, Nigist Haile the Spanish government
     through the Spain-NEPAD fund has granted 1.6 million birr to address some of their
     critical challenges of Ethiopian women entrepreneurs through consultation and
     discussion.

      The financial assistance provided by the Spanish government will be used to organize a
     series of consultative forums among policy makers, implementers, business
     associations, chambers of commerce, NGOs, the academia, donor groups, UN and
     international organization among others, it was learnt.

     Last Updated ( Monday, 01 December 2008 ) www.waltainfo.com




                                                        xxix
Photo Gallery                                                      ANNEX XII




                 nd
Start of the 2        Consultative Forum




                           nd
Partial views of the 2          Consultative Forum participants




                                nd
Press coverage of the 2              Consultative Forum




                                                             xxx

				
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