D&HRC-Endorsing Networks-BKG 1 DIGNITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS CAUCUS ENDORSING NETWORKS MNDH, MOVIMENTO NACIONAL DE DIREITOS HUMANOS NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MOVEMENT (Brasília, Brazil) Organized by civil society, Brazil’s National Human Rights Movement (MNDH Movimento Nacional de Direitos Humanos) is a nationwide non-profit entity that functions as a democratic, ecumenical, supra-party network. Established in 1982, it today interlinks more than 320 member entities all over Brazil, forming the nation’s leading tool for fostering and promoting human rights. Main objective: ushering in a human rights culture that affirms their universal, indivisible and interdependent nature is the key element required for the exercise of citizenship. Based on the Struggle for Life against Violence, its Action Programme is designed to promote human rights to their full universal, indivisible and interdependent scope, grounded on the principles established by the Charter of Olinda (1986). The activities of Brazil’s National Human Rights Movement (MNDH) are divided into separate areas clustering a wide variety of actions: Capacity-building: training and educational activities to qualify the militants of this Movement and others defending human rights in general. Studies and Research: permanent monitoring of the status of human rights and their progress, with special attention to certain high-priority areas, in order to produce feedback for the actions of the Movement in general and more particularly shaping its stance and guiding its political propositions. Political Representation and Lobbying: as a social player, it represents Brazilian society in matters related to human rights, not as its sole spokesperson but rather as a leading mouthpiece for civil society. To do so, it issues denunciations through local and international mechanisms, followed by ongoing oversight and lobbying activities. Social Mobilization: buttressing and building up its permanent legitimacy as a player speaking out on human rights issues in Brazil, it must deploy the tools needed to mobilize society as a whole particularly organized civil society on core issues, monitoring and participating in the activities resulting from the mobilization of civil society. PIDHDD, PLATAFORMA INTER-AMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS, DEMOCRACIA Y DESARROLLO; INTER AMERICAN PLATFORM OF HUMAN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY AND DEVELOPMENT (La Paz, Bolivia) PIDhDD is a plural, convergent and autonomous association of various Latin American and Caribbean’s civil society organisations, concerned with human rights and grouped in National Chapters. Supports the processes of society-building, developing strategies of exigibility and social D&HRC-Endorsing Networks-BKG 2 monitoring while striving to ensure that the States comply with their obligations and commitments regarding human rights in general and economic, social and cultural rights in particular. The general objective is to contribute to the development of a rights-based and peace-based culture with justice in society; and contribute to a social and political consensus as regards the integrality of human rights, democracy and development, by means of the mobilisation of civil society, producing concepts and actions for demanding human rights, in particular economic, social and cultural rights. Specific objectives: to strengthen a conceptual, methodological and operational proposal on the links between development, democracy and the demandability of ESCR; to impact on the programmes of the international forum and on the national public policies in favour of ESCR; to promote and to support wide social alliances among human rights organisations, development NGO’s and social organisations, in order to develop social demandability actions of ESCR; institutional consolidating and positioning of the PIDHDD. CEDAR INTERNATIONAL FORUM FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS CENTRE FOR DIGNITY AND RIGHTS (The Hague, The Netherlands) Vision Cedar International’s logo is a spiral curve that connects human dignity and human rights. Whereas dignity is the source of human rights law, the main function of human rights law is to protect dignity. This interaction is realized through processes of the implementation of rights. Human dignity is central because it points to an area of being human where the vulnerable and fragile dimensions of life have the first priority; provides a critical standard and basic norm to adjudicate any person, group, organisation, institution or structure that denies fundamental freedoms and human equality, and thus humiliates and dehumanises people; offers a decisive indicator for the sustainability of efforts to realise human development and human rights. Mission Cedar International was created to encourage concerted interventions towards a more effective implementation of economic, social and cultural rights. As an International Forum, the Cedar network consists of Regional Cedars in Africa, Asia, Latin America and is in process of being extended to Eastern/Central Europe and the Middle East. The facilitating office, Cedar International (The Hague), supports the development of innovative approaches, advocates for new instruments and contributes to integrated strategies for the implementation of economic, social and cultural rights. D&HRC-Endorsing Networks-BKG 3 Cedar International is committed to the implementation of ESC rights and has defined as its core tasks: to advance human rights-based approaches to poverty and development. Such approaches consist of relating the standards and mechanisms of international human rights law to (inter)national policies and practices. Indeed, economic, social and cultural rights advance the right to common goods to which most poor people have never had access to, such as adequate housing, food and good health conditions; to contribute to the development of new instruments for the implementation of economic, social and cultural rights, such as Civil Society Reports and the Draft Optional Protocol. Indeed, there is the need to further develop the institutional protection mechanisms at the same time as the contents of these rights are advanced and interpreted; to develop multi-actor strategies that are integrated and effective. Cedar International is housed at the TMC Asser Institute for Research on International Law, The Hague. FIDH, FÉDÉRATION INTERNATIONALE DES DROITS DE L’HOMME (PARIS, FRANCE) INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS The FIDH's vocation is to work on an effective, practical basis to ensure the respect of all the rights laid down in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and in all other international conventions and instruments on the protection of human rights. The FIDH is a federative organisation. Created in 1922 by a small grouping of human rights organizations, it now has 115 members in 90 states. The FIDH exists for and by virtue of these member organizations. It co-ordinates and supports their activities and provides them with a voice at international level. Like the FIDH itself, each member organization must operate on a non-partisan, secular basis, fully independent of national governments. The FIDH's member associations are generalists: they defend all human rights, civil and political rights, taken as indivisible from economic, social and cultural rights. They work on a daily basis, in their countries, in the struggle against the violation of freedoms and fundamental rights. In addition to essential educational and public information activities, the FIDH seeks to obtain real results in terms of the protection of victims, the prevention of human rights violations and the prosecution of those responsible. The FIDH is the oldest international organisation working for the defence of human rights, of ALL human rights. It is the only such organisation whose headquarters is in France where it is recognised as an organisation working in the public interest. INCHRITI INTERNATIONAL NGO COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT, NAIROBI-NEW DELHI-GENEVA INCHRITI is an international network of non-governmental organizations working to promote human rights principles as the foundation of a just and sustainable global economic policy. Its D&HRC-Endorsing Networks-BKG 4 members are located in India, Kenya, Peru, Puerto Rico, Switzerland, Germany, Canada and the USA. The guiding principles of INCHRITI are: The primacy of human rights: The promotion and protection of human rights is the first responsibility of governments, and cannot be subordinated to economic interests or agreements. Equality of women: The role of women in economic decision-making must be supported and promoted, and the disproportionate impact of unjust economic policies on women must be addressed. Non-retrogression: Particularly in the area of economic, social and cultural rights, governments have a responsibility to take steps for the progressive realization of those rights. Retrogression in social standards is a violation of human rights. The right to an effective remedy in the appropriate forum: The right to an effective remedy for anyone whose rights are violated cannot be contracted away by the state nor denied by the operations of intergovernmental or private sector institutions. Economic bodies should not be responsible for adjudicating concerns that fall firmly into the human rights domain. The rights of participation and recourse of affected individuals and groups: Affected populations must be enabled to participate in the planning and implementation of policies that concern them (including economic policies), and their right to seek redress for violations must be respected. Members believe that economic activity (including international trade, finance and investment) is a means to an end, rather than an end in itself. Economic policy should be the servant of human rights (especially economic, social and cultural rights), and no economic agreement or arrangement should have priority over the pre-existing and more fundamental obligations in the area of human rights. INCHRITI seeks to promote a 'positive' integration of human rights into economic policy, which avoids such principles being used against developing countries for protectionist purposes or as the basis for new conditionalities. Indeed, human rights principles support the human development objectives of developing countries, and can help to counterbalance unrestrained economic power.
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