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					Southern African Wildlife Management Association

Symposium Conservation in Developing Economies
18 – 21 September 2007 Didima Camp – uKhahlamba-Drakensberg Park Hosted by: Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife in partnership with Msinsi Resorts and Game Reserves

Programme

Tuesday, 18 September 2007
14:00 15:00-16:00 18:00 - 20:00 18:50 - 19:00 19:00 – 19:15 Arrival at Didima Visit to Didima Rock Art Centre Main registration and cocktail reception Welcome to Ezemvelo KZN facilities – Mr. Khulani Mkhize (CEO: Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife) Welcome speech by Mr. M.E. Mthimkhulu (MEC for Agriculture and Environmental Affairs, KwaZulu Natal)

Wednesday, 19 September 2007
07:00- 08:00 07:30 - 08:00 08:00 – 08:10 08:10 - 08:50 08:50 – 09:30 BREAKFAST Registration continues Introduction – Dr. Christo Marais (SAWMA president) Opening address: Mr. K. Mkhize (CEO Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife) Plenary invited speaker: Mr. Ray Naguran (Acting MD, Msinsi Resorts and Game Reserves)

Theme 1: Future Direction for Wildlife Management
CHAIR: Antoinette Kotze 09:30 – 09:50 Contributions of private and communal landowners to biodiversity conservation through stewardship in

KwaZulu-Natal.
Kevin McCann, B. Reeves & B. Memela (Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife - Biodiversity Stewardship Programme) 09:50 – 10:10 10:10 – 10:30 The potential role of certification in protected area management. Wayne Lotter & A.J. Phelan (Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife) Reintroductions and the Reintroduction Specialist Group. Maartin Strauss (Department of Nature Conservation, UNISA)

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10:30 – 10:50 10:50 – 11:10

TEA National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act TOPS Regulations. Daan Buijs (Biodiversity Scientific Support, North West Department of Agriculture, Conservation & Environment) The economic impact of the new legislation on the lion industry in the North West Province. P.C. Cloete, Kobus Laubscher, P.R. Taljaard & H.O. de Waal (Unit for Wildlife-Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of the Free State) South African Wildlife Ranching Systems: Factors that influence their sustainability, and possible solutions to present constraints in the Wildlife Industry. Danie Krynauw (Dept. of Nature Conservation, Tshwane University of Technology)

11:10 – 11:30

11:30 - 11:50

Theme 2: Protected Area Management
CHAIR: Pieter Nel 11:50 - 12:10 12:10 - 12:30 A game management system for arid regions. Julius Koen (Department of Tourism, Environment and Conservation, Northern Cape) Demographics, movements & social dynamics of elephants in Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park. Tarik Bodasing, S. Janse van Rensburg, B. Page & K. Duffy (Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife) Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife’s Invasive Species Programme: a test case for the Protected Area Management System (PAMS). Krissie Clark, A. J. Phelan, & W. D. Lotter (IASP, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife) LUNCH

12:30 – 12:50

12:50 – 13:50

Theme 3: Economic Incentives & Sustainable Use of Natural Resources
CHAIR: Louw Hoffman 13:50 – 14:10 14:10 – 14:30 The economics of black rhinos in Pilanesberg, North West Province. Pieter Nel & S. Dell (North West Parks & Tourism Board) Estimating the scope of the wildlife sector in the Northern Cape Province - A survey approach. Flippie Cloete & P.R. Taljaard (Unit for Wildlife-Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of the Free State) Game meat quality: Does it really matter? Roline van Essen (Dept. of Meat Sciences, University of Stellenbosch) More than one way to sell a cat: Economic incentives and the conservation of free ranging leopards (Panthera pardus). Lourens Swanepoel & W. van Hoven (Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria) TEA

14:30 – 14:50 14:50 – 15:10

15:10 – 15:30

Theme 3: Economic Incentives & Sustainable Use of Natural Resources
CHAIR: Daan Buijs 15:30 – 15:50 15:50 – 16:10 Impact of traditional use on vultures in southern Africa. Steve McKean (Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife) The efficacy of questionnaire versus ecological survey methods for measuring community resource use: a case study from Ongoye forest.

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Lehlohonolo Phadima, M. Lawes & S. Boudreau (Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife: Planning Division) 16:10 – 16:30 Carbon sequestration in Eastern Cape thicket: prospects for large-scale restoration on the back of international carbon markets. Anthony Mills, M. Powell, R. Cowling, C. Shackleton, A. Sigwela & C. Marais (Department of Soil Science, Stellenbosch University, Rhodes Restoration Research Unit , Rhodes University)

16:30 – 17:30

Poster Session (see complete list of posters below)
Chair: Peter Thomson

19:30

FORMAL DINNER Dinner speech: Rudi van Aarde (Director: Conservation Ecology Research Unit, University of Pretoria)

Thursday, 20 September 2007
07:00 – 08:00 07:30 – 08:00 08:00 – 08:40 BREAKFAST Registration for day participants Plenary invited speaker: Dr. Jean Harris (General Manager Conservation Planning - Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife)

Theme 4: Threats and Management of Alien and Invasive Species
CHAIR: Julius Koen 08:40 – 09:00 Restoration of water resources (natural capital) through the clearing of invasive alien plants from riparian areas in South Africa - costs and water benefits. Christo Marais & A.M. Wannenburgh (Dept. of Water Affairs & Forestry, Directorate: Working for Water) The impact and control of invasive plants in South Africa. Arne Witt (Agricultural Research Council – Plant Protection Research Institute) Control of Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae) in conservation areas in South Africa. Andrew McConnachie, L.W. Strathie, K. Ntushelo & J. Goodall (Agricultural Research Council – Plant Protection Research Institute) The present and potential threat of the alien invasive weed Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Pompom weed) to South African wildlife areas. Danie Krynauw (Dept. of Nature Conservation, Tshwane University of Technology) TEA

09:00 - 09:20 09:20 - 09:40

09:40 - 10:00

10:00 - 10:30

Theme 5: Understanding Wildlife
CHAIR: Michael Somers 10:30 - 10:50 10:50 - 11:10 11:10 - 11:30 Monitoring wildlife: internal auditing, sustainability, accountability and wildlife management in South Africa. Brian Reilly, Y. Reilly & W. Wentzel (Dept. of Nature Conservation, Tshwane University of Technology) Using a dog to detect cheetah scat. Kelly Marnewick & S. McKay (De Wildt Wild Cheetah Project) The application of scanning electron microscope technology in the identification of mammal species from hair remains in leopard scats. Beanélri Janecke, G.N. Smit & P.W.J. van Wyk (Centre for Confocal & Electron Microscopy, Dept. of

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Animal, Wildlife and Grassland Sciences, University of the Free State) 11:30 - 11:50 Understanding the historic distribution patterns of large herbivores on the coastal lowlands of the Western Cape: Can carbon isotope analysis provide some answers? Frans Radloff , L. Mucina & W. J. Bond (Evolutionary Plant Biology & Conservation Group, Department of Botany & Zoology, Stellenbosch University) An investigation to determine the critical habitat requirements of the breeding Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea Sundevall. James Wakelin (Biodiversity Planning, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife) Wildlife Management - Training in Cyber space. L.D. van Essen (Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria) LUNCH

11:50 - 12:10

12:10 – 12:30 12:30 – 13:30

Theme 5: Understanding Wildlife (continues)
CHAIR: Paul Grobler 13:30 – 13:50 Thermoregulation in African elephants (Loxodonta africana). P. Hidden, Linda Fick, D. Mitchell & A. Fuller (Wildlife Environmental Physiology Group, Brain Function Research Group, WITS) Thermal status of an animal as a predictor of capture-related stress. Marna Broekman, A. Fuller, D. Mitchell, L. Meyer (Wildlife Environmental Physiology Group, Brain Function Research Group, WITS) The distribution and habitat choice of the Sable antelope, Hippotragus niger niger in the Borakalalo National Park. Eurika van Heerden & P.W. van Heerden (Department of Biology, University of Limpopo) The effect of seasonal changes in woody vegetation on the foraging behaviour of herbivore game species, central Free State. Beanélri Janecke & G.N. Smit (Centre for Confocal & Electron Microscopy, Dept. of Animal, Wildlife and Grassland Sciences, University of the Free State) TEA

13:50 - 14:10

14:10 – 14:30

14:30 – 14:50

14:50 – 15:10

Theme 5: Understanding Wildlife (continues)
CHAIR: Brian Reilly 15:10 – 15:30 Variations in nutritional value of trees in relation to season and browsing at the Nkuhlu exclosures, Kruger National Park. Peter Scogings, T. Rooke, L.E. Dziba, D. Hattas, C. Skarpe, A. Zobolo & J. Hjältén (Dept. of Agriculture, University of Zululand) The North West Provincial River Health Programme: Status of and major impacts on rivers. Hermien Roux & D. Buijs (Biodiversity Scientific Support, North West Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment) Cancellation of paper – any new presentations welcome…. Closing and announcement of the best presenters

15:30 – 15:50

15:50 – 16:10 16:10 – 16:30

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Friday, 21 September 2007
07:00 – 08:30 08:30 - 09:30 09:30 – 13:00 BREAKFAST Visit to the Didima Rock Art Centre. Excursion to Mike’s Pass. Talk by Dr. Roger Uys on wildlife management and research in the uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park World Heritage Site. Delegates will be back by 13.00 for those wanting lunch before they travel home. Departure / lunch

13:00

Poster session: Wednesday 19 September, 17:10 – 18:30
List of Posters submitted (arranged according to surnames of presenting authors)
1. 2. 3. 4. The characterisation of the Western Cape wildlife industry. S.C.P. Briel, J.P. Lombard & R.J. Nowers (Department of Agriculture: Western Cape, Elsenburg) Training Natural Resource Managers for the future of Africa’s protected areas. T. Sowry, C. Hay & K.J. Hay (Southern African Wildlife College) How accurate is distance sampling? A comparison with the true abundance of an avian species. E. Herrmann and U. Stenkewitz (Dept. of Tourism, Environment and Conservation, Northern Cape) Coping with extremes: adaptive heterothermy and cathemerality in Arabian ungulates. R.S. Hetem, W.M. Strauss, L.G. Fick, S.K. Maloney, L.C.R. Meyer, D. Mitchell, M. Shobrak & A. Fuller (Wildlife Environmental Physiology Group, Brain Function Research Group, WITS) Vegetation mapping for Molemane Eye Nature Reserve using satellite imagery. W. Seitlhamo & D. Makgale (North West Parks and Tourism Board) Diet preferences of Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) in Marakele Park, Limpopo Province – Provisional results. M. Bahlmann , G.N. Smit & I.B. Oosthuizen. (Dept. of Animal, Wildlife and Grassland Sciences, University of the Free State) The influence of different cutting heights of tall, under utilized grassland on the habitat selection of herbivore game species in the central Free State. S.Z. Oliver & G.N. Smit (Dept. of Animal, Wildlife and Grassland Sciences, University of the Free State) The effects of an alien invasive plant (Chromolaena odorata) on large mammal diversity. L. Dumalisile & M.J. Somers (Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria) The sustainable use of Athrixia phylicoides (bush tea) in Mpumalanga. T. Steyn (Wildlife Management Services Division, Mpumalanga Tourism & Parks Agency)

5. 6. 7.

8. 9.

10. Conservation starts here - A practical approach to erosion rehabilitation and restoration. L.D. van Essen & A. Liebenberg (Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria, Pretoria) 11. An adaptive management approach to improve the growth rate of the Sable antelope, Hippotragus niger niger, in Kgaswane Mountain Reserve, South Africa. P.W. van Heerden & E. van Heerden (Ecological services, North West Parks and Tourism Board) 12. The effect of localized game concentration on soil organic matter in a semi-arid area. G.J. van Rensburg & H.A. Snyman (Dept. of Animal, Wildlife and Grassland Sciences, University of the Free State) 13. Could meloxicam be the saviour of the Asian White-backed Vulture? V. Naidoo, K. Wolter, R Cuthbert, P. Bartels & G.E. Swan (De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Trust, Vulture Unit ) 14. Does the presence of vulture restaurants influence the movement of Cape Vultures (gyps coprotheres) in the Magaliesberg? K. Wolter, V. Naidoo, C. Whittington-Jones & P. Bartels ( Rhino & Lion Wildlife Conservation NPO)

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