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All forms of ordinary writing.


Writing in its most intense, most imaginative, and most rhythmic forms.

 Theme
The Central idea developed in a literary work.

 Mood

The emotional attitude in a literary work, (regret, hope).

Strategies used in poetry for effect

Poetic Devices

 Onomatopoeia

The use of words whose sound imitates the sound of the thing being named.
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 Alliteration

The repetition of identical sounds at the beginning of words or accented syllables.

Strategies used in poetry for effect

Poetic Devices

 Consonance

A repetition of consonant sounds. A lot like Alliteration.

 Assonance  Internal

The repetition of vowel sounds.

The rhyming of words within one line of poetry.


A Writer’s use of words apart from their ordinary, literal meaning

Figurative Language

 Personification
A figure of speech in which human characteristics are assigned to non-human things.

 Hyperbole

An exaggeration for effect

 Simile

Similes for Kids
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A direct comparison between two unlike things using the words “like” or “as” (seems, than, appears)

 Metaphor

An implied comparison between two unlike things. (To say something IS something else)

A Writer’s use of words apart from their ordinary, literal meaning.

Figurative Language

 Symbolism

A concrete or real object used to represent an idea.

Descriptive Language

Language that paints a colorful picture of a person, place, thing, or idea using vivid details.

The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas.

Nothing Gold Can Stay by Robert Frost
"Nature's first green is gold”.


Frost's poem contains the perfect image of Vermont's spring landscape. The hardwoods lose their leaves in autumn and stay bare through the winter. In spring, the first green to appear is really gold as the buds break open. The willows and maples have this temporary gold hue. In only a few days, the leaves mature to green.

The Outsiders by Robert Frost

Ponyboy reciting “Nothing Gold Can Stay”
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Nature's first green is gold, Her hardest hue to hold. Her early leaf's a flower; But only so an hour. Then leaf subsides to leaf. So Eden sank to grief, So dawn goes down to day. Nothing gold can stay. -- Robert Frost



Poetry written without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm, meter, etc.
Limerick A five line poem written with one couplet and one triplet.

Free Verse

Types of Poetry

Haiku A three line Japanese poem that contains 5 syllables the first line, 7 syllables the second line, and 5 the third.
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Harry Potter Haiku

Couplet A pair of lines of poetry that are usually rhymed.

Diamante A seven lined poem, shaped like a diamond.

Online Reading by Sharon Creech,

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Online Reading of Harlem by Walter Dean Myers illustrated by Christopher Myers The Kennedy Center Storytime online

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