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					REDUCING WASTE AT HOME Reduce excess paper at home
A good portion of what you throw in the garbage each day is paper. Much of the paper generated in our homes comes in the mail. The average American household receives more than 500 pieces of advertising mail each year. Example: Take action to reduce the amount of unwanted mail you receive.
 Mail Preference Service PO Box 643 Carmel, NY 10512-0643



If you want to get off most national marketing lists, you can register with the Direct Marketing Association's Mail Preference Service. If you just want to stop certain catalogs, you can contact individual mailers and ask them to remove your name from their mailing lists; call them or send your request by mail or e-mail. There's also a toll-free number to stop mailings of credit card offers. One call to 1-8885-OPT-OUT will reach the major national credit bureaus, Equifax, Experian and Trans Union. Have your Social Security number ready — they will ask you for it to confirm your identity.

Benefits: Recycling junk mail is okay, but reducing the flow of junk mail will conserve natural resources, save landfill space, and save you time and money.

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Find out more about reducing unwanted mail here on

Reduce packaging waste
Packaging makes up 30 percent of municipal solid waste. You can reduce the amount of packaging you throw in the garbage by purchasing items that have less packaging. Examples: Reduce the amount of packaging by purchasing concentrates and diluting them with water in reusable containers. Avoid single-serving products in favor of larger servings or buying in bulk. Take your own reusable cloth bag so you don't need "paper or plastic." Benefits: Over-packaged products often cost more than less-packaged products. This means that you can save money when buying products with less packaging.

In the news: Getting a grip on chopstick waste
Mealtime wastes aren't just an American concern — throwaways are an everyday part of dining around the world. For example, in China, chopsticks are ordinary eating utensils, easy-to-use and convenient, but they also use valuable forest resources and add to the waste problem.
source: Washington Post

But environmentally minded Chinese are working to reduce this singleuse mentality. Schoolchildren have written letters to the country's leaders to ask that throwaways be banned. In colleges, students have worked to get campus cafeterias to buy reusable spoons. And 100 restaurants in Beijing have promised to "green up their act" by washing and reusing chopsticks.

Eliminate mercury from your home
Mercury evaporates easily and travels great distances through the atmosphere. It is a nerve toxin which ends up in our lakes and rivers, where it accumulates in fish and other creatures. Humans may be at risk if they regularly eat mercury-contaminated fish. Mercury is especially dangerous when ingested by children, pregnant women, and women planning to have children in the future. The best way to keep mercury out of the home and the environment is to avoid mercurycontaining products in the first place. If you have such products, when it comes time to throw them away, be responsible: Make sure they are taken to a household hazardous waste facility for recycling. Example: Mercury is found in many common household items such as fever and cooking thermometers, tilt switches in many thermostats, steam irons with 15-minute automatic shut-off, neon lamps, older batteries, fluorescent lamps, switches that stop washing machines when the top is open, "silent" wall switches, mercury vapor, high pressure sodium and metal halide lamps. When buying these types of products, look for non-mercury alternatives, like digital fever thermometers and alcohol-based cooking thermometers. Replacing your home thermostat? Consider a digital or electronic one that contains no mercury.

Benefits: It is against the law to throw mercury-containing products away in the garbage. Proper management of mercury-containing products means keeping the mercury intact and bringing it to your local household hazardous waste site. Efforts like these to remove mercury from our garbage has meant lower mercury emission levels from waste disposal.

Your old houshold appliance may have mercury hidden inside. This "tilt switch" from an older household thermostat requires special disposal — keep mercury out of the trash!

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Health Care Without Harm has many resources on preventing mercury pollution in the home, including Mercury Thermometers and Your Family's Health (280Kb), explaining risks of mercury thermometers and safer
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alternatives. The Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance can help you find the household hazardous waste collection program near you. The Minnesota Department of Health offers fish consumption advice, including the brochures Eat Fish Often? and An Expectant Mother's Guide to Eating Minnesota Fish, explaining the concerns about methylmercury in Minnesota fish. The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources has posted fish consumption advisory information as part of their searchable Lake Finder, with specific guidelines for fish found in each lake.

Prevent food waste and compost organics
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 27 percent of the nation's total food supply — 97 billion pounds — went to waste in 1995. Food is wasted in many ways, such as preparing too much, letting fresh food go bad and buying too much. Examples: Planning meals and creating a list of what you need before you go to the grocery store will help you buy exactly what you need. Composting leftover fruit and vegetable food waste with your yard waste helps create high-nutrient compost. Donate excess canned goods to a food shelf. Benefits: Making better use of the food you buy will save you money and reduce how much food you throw away. Composting the remaining food waste will provide you with a great additive for your garden.

Use the least hazardous cleaning products
In a state the size of Minnesota — about 4.4 million people — approximately 572 tons of liquid cleaners and 132 tons of toilet bowl cleaners are washed down the drain each month. Read the labels of cleaners and look for the signal words — caution, warning, danger, poison — which indicate the level of hazard. Use the least hazardous product to do the job. ("Caution" is least hazardous and "danger" is most hazardous. Extremely toxic products must also include the word "poison.")

Read the instructions on how to use cleaning products and be sure to use the correct amount. Remember, you won't get twice the results by using twice as much. Example: Reading labels gives you information on how to use a cleaning product correctly and how dangerous a product might be. You could also consider using a substitute for cleaning projects around the house. For example, vinegar and water work well to wash windows and floors. Another idea is to share any excess products with someone else who can use them, such as your neighbor or friend. Instead of buying many different types of cleaners, use one generalpurpose cleaner. Benefits: With so many choices of products to clean your house, it can be difficult to choose the best one for your household. Buying cleaning products with the least dangerous signal word and using substitutes will reduce the amount of hazardous chemicals in your home.

Make a non-toxic home cleaning kit
Reach for this non-toxic tool kit made from simple materials as your first line of defense against everyday household dirt. Here is a list of materials that you probably have in your home. Label the containers and put them together in a single bucket, basket, or dishpan so they are readily available—make it convenient and reinforce good habits. Baking soda for cleaning sinks, tubs, and toilets, and for freshening drains.  Vinegar in a pump spray bottle for mirrors and shining chrome. For cleaning windows, use vinegar or soap and water, and dry with rags or a squeegee. Plant-based detergents for cleaning countertops in the kitchen, bathroom or office, tile, fixtures, appliances and walls. Look for those that disclose all of their ingredients. Rags and non-scratch sponges for all-purpose cleaning. You don't need throwaway towels made from bleached paper. Vegetable oil with lemon juice makes a good furniture polish. Borax is a simple laundry detergent that can be used along with "washing soda" to clean clothes.

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Remember to label
For safety, it is important to label any container you reuse that does not have its original contents. Make sure that everyone can tell what's inside, even if the substance is non-toxic. Use a permanent marker or label that won't wash off, and describe the mixture in your spray bottles.

Buy the right amount of paint for the job
In 1998, almost 4 million pounds of excess paint were collected at Minnesota's household hazardous waste sites. A large volume of this paint was still usable. If stored correctly, paint stays in good condition for a long time. If it mixes smoothly, it can still be used. Example: Before you begin a painting project, measure the area first. Calculate the area to be painted (height x width = total square feet). One gallon covers about 400 square feet.
The math is easy!
height x width = area one gallon covers an area of about 400 square feet

To prevent paint from drying out, cover the paint can (use its original container) with plastic wrap, replace the lid securely and store upside down. Protect your paint from freezing. Use leftover paint for touch-up jobs, smaller projects or as a primer. Benefits: Using low-VOC or water-based paints, stains, finishes and paint strippers will help keep hazardous chemicals out of your home. Prevent waste through wise purchasing; calculate the right amount of paint for the job. Use leftover paint up instead of throwing it away.

Reduce the need for pesticides in your home
If you're looking for a way to decrease your use of chemicals in your home, take a look at how you handle unwanted pests. The best method to control pests inside the home is to clean up crumbs and spills quickly. Instead of reaching for a can of toxic spray, grab a broom! Example: Good housekeeping and proper maintenance of your home can help prevent pests from entering your home.
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Eat only where you can clean up spills easily and completely. Store food in tightly sealed containers. Eliminate moisture problems and leaks. Keep vegetation and debris away from the foundation. Caulk cracks and weatherstrip windows and doors to eliminate easy paths of entry. Need to get rid of bugs that are already in the house? Less-toxic alternatives are available for most types of pests.

Benefits: Pesticides are designed to kill weeds, insects, rodents, mold and moths. Even disinfectants are a type of pesticide. These chemicals can be poisonous and a danger to pets,

livestock, wildlife and even humans. Eliminating the need for pesticides is the best way to keep pests—and chemicals—out of your home.

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The Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides has many free resources on nontoxic pest management, including fact sheets on specific chemicals and alternatives for many kinds of pests. Read about pesticide-free ways to handle pests in your Healthy, No-waste Lawn and Garden.

Find new life for old furnishings, appliances and clothes
Instead of discarding your unwanted furniture, appliances, tools or clothes, try selling or donating them to groups and organizations that accept used goods. When deciding to purchase an item, consider buying used. Those items are less expensive than new ones and are often just as good. Example: Donate or resell items to thrift stores or other organizations in need. You could receive a tax deduction or cash for them. Buy and sell secondhand items at fairs, bazaars, swap meets and garage sales. Organize a garage sale in your neighborhood to encourage your neighbors to get involved in reducing waste. Benefits: You can save money as well as reduce waste by purchasing furniture, appliances and clothes used.

Want to find out more?

Read How to recycle your gently used cast-offs for more ideas for cleaning out the clutter from your life.

Maintain your vehicle
Your vehicle can be a large source of pollution, both through tailpipe emissions and through maintenance. Proper care of your vehicle includes regular servicing and being responsible for the resulting wastes — especially used oil and oil filters. Example: Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for maintenance: change your oil regularly, keep the tires inflated correctly, and have your vehicle serviced regularly. Always make sure you properly dispose of your used oil and filters.You're not just protecting the environment —

Since 1991, over 40 million gallons of used oil have been collected for recycling. (American Petroleum Institute) Each year, through routine changes of engine oil, Americans dump 350 million

you're protecting your investment. Find ways to use your car less by walking, biking, riding the bus or car pooling to your destination. Combine your errands to reduce the number of trips you make. Both of these will reduce "wear and tear" on your vehicle, as well as curb air pollution. When purchasing a new or used car, first ask yourself what you need (i.e., vehicle and engine size), and buy according to your needs. Benefits: Proper maintenance of your car will ensure that it will last longer, save you money and reduce the need to buy a new one. Finding other ways to get to where you need to go lowers emissions given off to the environment. Properly managing waste oil and oil filters keeps these contaminants out of landfills and energy recovery facilities (garbage incinerators) and helps protect our natural resources.

gallons of used oil into the nation's waterways — the equivalent of 16 Exxon Valdez oil spills. (Green Seal) Used motor oil and oil filters must not be thrown in the trash, poured onto the ground, or put into the water. Find out where they can be recycled. Look for a list at your local retailer, or contact your county household hazardous waste program.

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