Building and Enriched
Lesson 11 Vocabulary
Connoisseur Corpulent Crucial
Consensus Corroborate Culpable
Construe Counsel Cursory
Consummate Credibility Curtail
Copious Criterion Cynical
Definition: Someone with informed and
discriminating judgment, especially in
matters of art, literature, or taste.
I don’t know anything about quiches or soufflés, but I’m a
true connoisseur when it comes to pizza.
Definition: Collective uniformity of opinion;
general agreement in feeling or belief.
Though everyone in out club agreed that we had a
problem, there was no group consensus on how to
Definition: To analyze, explain, interpret, or
“Am I to construe your silence as an admission of guilt?”
Adjective and Verb
(a) Adjective: Complete or perfect in the
The soprano may lack the consummate artistry of a great singing actress such
as Callas, but she is still a remarkable performer.
(a) Verb: To bring to completion or perfection.
Though there are still a few minor details to iron out, we expect to
consummate the deal sometime this week.
Definition: Large in number or quantity; full.
In no time at all, the guests reduced the copious supply of
edibles to a mere memory.
Definition: Fat and bulky.
On paydays my wallet becomes pretty corpulent; the rest of
the week it looks as if it’s on a very stringent diet.
Definition: To confirm the truth or accuracy of.
The defendant’s alibi may sound far-fetched, but highly
reliable evidence corroborates every last word of it.
Noun and Verb
(a) Noun: Advice secured through consultation
At first I ignored my grandmother’s advice , but as I grew older, I came to
appreciate the wisdom of her counsel.
(a) Noun: An adviser, especially a legal adviser
Under a landmark Supreme Court ruling, every defendant in a criminal case is
assured of representation by legal counsel.
(a) Verb: To advise or recommend as a course of
“Before my final choice ,” my faculty adviser counseled, “visit each colleges to
which you’ve applied.”
Definition: The ability to inspire belief or trust.
“The secretary’s public statements are often at odds with
official pronouncements,” the reporter observed. “This
has seriously impaired his credibility as a reliable
spokesman for the administration.”
Definition: a standard or principle on which to
base a judgment or decision.
Usefulness is not the only criterion for including words in
this book, but it is the primary one.
Definition: At a point that will determine the
final outcome; of supreme importance.
“The next few months are crucial,” President Harry S.
Truman once said. “What we do now will affect our
American way of life for decades to come.”
Definition: At fault; blameworthy.
“I should have kept a closer eye on the project,” the
supervisor confessed. “In this regard, I’m as culpable
as those who actually botched the job.”
Definition: Hasty and superficial.
“I was so pressed for time that I couldn’t give the lengthy
report more than a cursory reading,” the busy executive
Definition: To shorten or reduce.
When problems arose at the office, I was forced to curtail
my vacation and hurry back to the city.
Definition: Inclined to doubt or deny the
virtuousness or honesty of human motives;
sneering bitter or negative.
“As you say, my view of the world may be far to rosy,” I
admitted. “On the other hand, yours is perhaps a bit too