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Candide

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					 Candide
Question three
Question

• Choose a novel or play or long poem in
 which a scene or character awakens
 “thoughtful laughter” in the reader. Write
 an essay in which you show why this
 laughter is thoughtful and how it
 contributes to the meaning of the work.
Thesis

Voltaire’s Candide is a prime example of a
 literary work that invokes thoughtful
 laughter in the reader, through the use of
 satire which causes the reader to realize
 the absurdity of traditional world
 practices.
b1

• Candide suffers through numerous
 misfortunes but, maintains an optimistic
 outlook.
  – The war scene between the Bulgars and Abar,
    its “Beautiful”
  – Candide is humorously cowardly on many
    accounts, but particularly so during the battle
    when he hides from the heroic warfront
b2

• Candide often finds himself in the
 company of many other humorous
 characters.
  – Old Lady with half a butt
  – Cunegonde with all her beauty, turns ugly
  – Pangloss was a philosopher who stressed the
    best of all worlds in a life of complete misery
    (metaphysico-theologo-cosmolo-nigo-logy)
b3

• The very nature of Voltaire’s Candide as a
 satire lets a thoughtful reader to come
 across the underlying humor in the novel.
  - Satire of war
  - Satire of Catholicism
  - Satire of Optimism
  - Satire of modern convention
Quote

• One horse-laugh is worth ten thousand
 syllogisms. It is not only more effective; it
 is also vastly more intelligent.
 Author: H. L. Mencken
Conclusion

• Candide is chalk full of thoughtful humor


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posted:4/19/2013
language:English
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