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					   First human contact via the Bering Strait land
   First contact with Europe – 1000 C.E. (A.D.)
   During 16th and 17th centuries - colonized by
    English and French (French – Indian war
    ended French claim)
   Religious divisions resulted in the creation of
    provinces (Canadian equivalent to US states)
   Upper Canada and Lower Canada established
    in 1791
   Upper Canada – located near the Great Lakes
   Lower Canada – located along St. Lawrence
   Religious disputes
    between UC and LC led
    to the creation of the
    Dominion of Canada
   Dominion grew rapidly
   Abundant land meant ample opportunities
    for westward expansion
   1872 – Canadian government began
    construction of transcontinental Railroad
   1885 – RR complete,
    interior of Canada
    opened for settlement
   1895 – Gold found in
    Yukon territory
   Early on most lived in rural areas and farmed
   As natural resources were developed –
    Canadians migrated to cities and towns
   Nearly all manufacturing is within 100 mile
    of US border
   Canada recognized as a independent nation
    in 1931
   Canada has a ____________ style government
   While independent, Canada remains loyal to
    British Crown
   Head of government is _________________
   Opening of the interior – development of
    natural resources
   Canadian Shield has
    vast mineral deposits
   Canada has 2nd
    largest oil reserves
    in world
   Resources allow
    Canada exporter
    of energy
   Canada’s economy very similar to the US
    economy despite being able to use only 5% of
   Primary industries - Forestry, farming, fishing,
   Manufacturing
    important, but
    services drive
    the economy
   NAFTA made                                 trade
   Hold’s huge energy
   Very westernized
   Heavily influenced by ties to Britain and
    France as well as proximity to US
   Sports major form of
    entertainment –
    especially hockey
   Arts in Canada
    reflect cultural
   Many works by
    Native Americans
   Canada – long history of diverse cultures
   Nation is one of the few OFFICIALLY
    bilingual countries in the world
   Language barrier comes form history of
    French (Catholic) and English (Protestant)
   Has led to a fight over separatism
   Appalachian highlands
   Canadian Shield
   Great Plains
   Rocky Mountains
   Canada is vast and diverse, broken into 4
   Atlantic Provinces
   Core Provinces
   Prairie Provinces
   Pacific Province and the Territories
   Contains Prince Edward Island, New
    Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland
   Small population because of the harshness of
    the region (soil is bad and winters are harsh)
   Economic activity includes logging, fishing,
    mining, hydroelectric power
   Known as Canada’s heartland (3/5 of
    Canadians live here)
   Ottawa (nation’s capital found in this region)
   Accounts for 35% of Canada’s ag production,
    45% of mining output, 70% of manufacturing
   Uses vital St. Lawrence seaway as
    international port
   Made up of Manitoba Saskatchewan, Alberta
   Known as Canada’s breadbasket (50% of ag
    production comes out of region
   60% of mineral output comes from the region
   British Columbia is almost entirely
   Nearly 1/3 of the province is snow field,
    glacier, or frozen tundra
   Logging extremely important
   Home to Canada’s largest port - Vancouver
   Account for 41% of Canada’s land
   Home to millions of acres of unspoiled
   In 1999 province of Nunavut was carved from
    the Northwest Territories (to appease the
   A vast land
   Influenced by its past
   Full of opportunities for the future?

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