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Cats.ppt - NAAE Communities of Practice

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Cats.ppt - NAAE Communities of Practice Powered By Docstoc
					      HISTORY BEHIND CATS
   First cat appeared 35 million years ago.

   Cats were domesticated about 4000
    years ago. Much later than dogs!

   This is probably due to its independent
    and solitary nature.
       HISTORY OF CATS
   All modern cats can be traced to one of
    these types of cats.
    – African Wild Cat
    – Jungle Cat
    – European Wild Cat
       HISTORY OF CATS
 Did you know? Cats are found on every
  continent except Antarctica!
 Cats are divided into 2 main groups:
    – Short-haired breeds
    – Long-haired breeds
CHARACTERISTICS OF
      CATS
            SKELETON

 Developed for speed and flexibility.
 Their skeleton contains 244 bones
    – 40 more than humans
    – Extras found in spine and tail
                  MUSCLES
   500 separate muscles, largest in rear
    for running and jumping.
    – 150 less than humans
    – 30 in ears
    – Large muscles found in hind legs
CAT MUSCLES
THE COAT – WHAT IS ITS
      FUNCTION?
 Protects against cold,
  heat, sunlight, water
  loss, injuries, and even
  parasites!
 Also allows them look
  beautiful
              EARS
 They are all used to investigate food,
  water, or unfamiliar objects.
 Ears for hunting and are much more
  sensitive than a humans.
 Cochlea?-is an organ within the ear that
  allows the cat to detect and locate
  sounds very efficiently.
 IS THIS
POSSIBLE?

  WHY?
               NOSE
 Nose is especially sensitive!
 They are all used to investigate food,
  water, or unfamiliar objects.
         NOSE RECEPTOR
   Loctated in the lining of the nose- lets
    them pick up smell of airborne items.

   Olfactory mucosa- this area is almost
    twice the size of humans.
       PAWS
 Paws are especially sensitive!
 They are all used to investigate food,
  water, or unfamiliar objects.
      CAN CATS BE DEAF?
   Due to genetics, this can happens to
    white cats with blue eyes!!
                   EYES
 3 dimensional vision
 similar to other animals,
  but has some extra
  features!
 Has three eyelids! Yes 3
  eyelids!!
        EYE CONTINUED
   This Eyelid is the Nictating
    Membrane- it moves diagonally across
    eye under eyelid to help lubricate
    cornea.
HOW LONG BEFORE KITTENS
      EYES OPEN?
  They stay closed for about 10-12 days
   after birth!
  But it takes about 3 months for them
   to be fully developed!
                   MOUTH
   Receptor in mouth.
    – And on the tongue

   Papillae- knobs on the tongue used to
    hold, lick and scrape meat off bones.
    Also is where the taste buds are
    located.
               ADVANTAGES!
   Independent and self-sufficient.
   Make excellent companions.
   Less care than dogs.
   Fit well in most apartment settings.
   Total cost is less, compared to a dog! (vet,
    feed, etc.)
   They are clean, very
     little house training!
THINGS TO LOOK FOR WHEN
    PURCHASING A CAT
   Be alert for signs of illness:
    – Gums should be pale pink.
    – Eyes bright and clear.
    – Clean and shiny coat.
   Purchase kittens at
    8-12 weeks of age.

                             Periodontal disease
THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT YOUR
            CAT
 The more attention you give it, the
  closer it will be to you!
 If you do not intend on breeding it,
  have them spayed or neutered!
 Female kittens reach sexual maturity at
  5 months, and will come in heat every 3
  weeks!
       FEEDING YOUR CAT
 Cats require about twice as much
  protein as dogs do!!
 The best source of protein is found in
  animal products!
 Should feed a commercial cat food.
Three Types of Cat Food -
         Canned food:
 More protein
 higher water content.
 Higher fat levels
      Semi-moist food:
 less expensive
 only 30% water
 added chemicals added to keep from
  spoiling or drying out!
              Dry food:
   10% water less fat, but also less
  protein!
 Cats on dry food need additional water
  all the time!
 May develop bladder problems- due to
  not enough water in diet!
 Keeps teeth clean!
    Tips to remember!!
 Never give your cat “dog” food- Why?
 Amount given depends on size and age!
 Lactating and pregnant cats need more
  to eat.
         E.) Exercise

• depends on breed
and home life
(apartment vs. farm)
• Apartment cats may
need “toys” to keep
active
          F.) Training
 Train cat to use scratch post instead of
  drapery and furniture
 Toilet training is easier with cats
  because the naturally cover up their
  urine and feces.
 Cats can be trained to do tricks, such
  as jumping through hoops, sitting,
  begging, and others.
  VI. Grooming and Care
A.) Long - haired cats
 1.) Need daily care or hair will get
  tangled and matted
 2.) Equipment needed:
     a.) comb
     b.) nail clippers
     c.) grooming brush made with
  natural bristles
     d.) grooming powder
3.) Grooming
       a.) comb all areas with a wide-toothed comb
       b.) after coat is free of tangles use fine part of
comb
       c.) brush fur out in opposite direction hair grows
       d.) Sprinkle grooming powder in while brushing
B.) Short-haired cats
     1.) grooming not necessary
every day
     2.) Equipment includes:
           a.) fine toothed or flea
           comb
           b.) rubber grooming
           brush
     3.) Grooming
           a.) comb through hair
           gently watching for burs,
           mats, or other foreign
           objects
C.) Bathing
 • not necessary, except show cats must be
              bathed often.
 • Mild shampoo, or baby shampoo should
             be used
D.) Regular Grooming
    1.) Ears
    •check for mites (dark,
    crumbly residue in ear).
    This can be treated with ear
    drops from a vet.
    2.) Eyes
    •should be bright and clear,
    if staining occurs, gently
    wash
3.) Teeth and Gums
•check for soreness, tartar
build up must be treated by a
vet
•4.) Claws
•require trimming, careful
not to trim to the pink area
as this will cause pain and
bleeding. Cats using a
scratching post don’t need
The End!!!

				
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posted:4/19/2013
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