Dog Health - This is Hull and East Riding

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					              Your dog’s
health and fitness!

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        Your dog’s health and fitness

Dear dog lover,
Dogs have been man’s best fri-      We would like to give you a few
end for thousands of years. They    tips about keeping your dog
are devoted, loyal and intelli-     healthy to help you to recognise
gent companions. They can           common canine illnesses as
comfort us, make us laugh and       early as possible.
protect us. But they also need      If you always take a responsible
protection and are dependent        attitude and care for your dog
on people and trust their ow-       according to its breed, the risk
ners completely.                    of illness should diminish to a
From the moment that you ac-        minimum.
quire a dog you take on the res-
ponsibility for its wellbeing and          Yours sincerely, The flexi
its health.                         team of experts

                                    “Dogs have all mankind’s
                                    good qualities without having
                                    its failings as well.”

                                                Frederick the Great,
                                                     King of Prussia

Keeping your dog healthy
Healthy diet                       ponsibility for their diet. If you
                                   follow our tips, you will create
Our dogs are dependent on a        the best conditions for your
balanced diet which is appro-      dog to live a long and healthy
priate for their breed to main-    life.
tain a good state of health and
life expectancy.                       Natural food
    To determine what is ap-       Dog food manufacturers aro-
propriate for our dogs, we         und the world have taken on
must look at their ancestors,      the task of developing the best
the wolf. They are not purely      possible combination of food
carnivores as in addition to       for our dogs.
their prey such as rabbits,            If you choose a natural pro-
hares and deer, they eat fruit,    duct without chemicals such
berries, foliage, grass, insects   as artificial preservatives,
and even the faeces of herbi-      colouring or aromas, you can-
vores. As a result, they               not go wrong with your
obtain all nutrients es-                    dog’s diet.
sential for life:                                Should you deci-
proteins, fats,                                 de to give your dog
vitamins, mine-                                    dry food, there
rals, enzymes                                       must     always
and roughage.                                      been sufficient
    As our dogs do                                fresh water for
not (cannot and                                       him to drink
may not) hunt for                                        to prevent
themselves anymore,                                      kidney da-
we humans carry the res-                                mage.

         Your dog’s health and fitness

     Correct and                     Correct diet for
age related diet
A puppy needs its food in a dif-     the age of the dog
ferent combination of meat            Age in         Times         Ratio
and vegetable matter to an            Month          a day   Meat : Ingredients

adult or older dog. Dog food             3-5          4x         2/
                                                                      3   : 1/3
manufacturers supply the best                                    2/
                                      5 - 12          3x              3   : 1/3
food for every age of dog. You
will see how often your dog          from the 12th    2x         1/       : 1/2
should be fed in the adjacent        aged/            3x         1/       : 2/3
table.                               when ill

    Above all, during the gro-
wing phase of a dog and when         and is bad for their teeth.
it is old, you should give him          Treats made specifically for
additional vitamins.                 animals are available in pet
    If your dog belongs to a lar-    shops. But remember not to
ger breed, please take care to       overdo it – a treat should be a
keep it slim during its youth!       reward for doing something
Overweight animals often have        special!
problems in their joints when           Note: not all bones are sui-
they are aged between three to       table for feeding dogs! Bones
eight months.                        can splinter and cause injury
                                     or blockages in the stomach
    Avoiding feeding mistakes        and intestines. The best thing
Please do not give your dog          to do is to buy your pet speci-
leftovers from your meal. Sea-       ally developed chew bones
soned food can damage the            made of rawhide which, as a
health of your dog.                  result of the effect of chewing,
    Chocolate is also not good       release deposits from the
for dogs. It can trigger allergies   teeth.

 7 rules for feeding your dog
    An adult dog should be fed twice a day.
      Feed the dog only after its walk. Dogs like to rest after eating.
 If large dogs romp around after eating, there is a risk of bloating
 (gastric torsion)!
     If possible, always feed your dog at the same time each day.
     His food should always be in the same place.
     Ensure that the dog’s food has not come straight out of the
 refrigerator. Food that is too cold can cause the dog to have
 stomach problems, such as vomiting.
    Wash up the dog’s bowl in hot water after each meal.
    Always make sure that your dog has some fresh water.

Exercise and Games
As with people, dogs must
keep their minds and bodies
     The ancestor of the dog, the
wolf, covered up to 20 km a
day. A dog which takes too litt-
le exercise is open to the same
risks as humans by becoming          vascular diseases, a weak im-
     overweight, putting too         mune system and increased in-
much strain on joints, and           cidence of skin diseases.
being at higher risk of cardio-         In order to maintain his

         Your dog’s health and fitness

mental health, it is important         Animals which are passed
for the dog to have sufficient      around or are overtaxed and
variety in his life and contact     frequently stressed can deve-
with other dogs. If you own         lop mental illnesses.
just one dog, you should regu-
larly look for places where
                                    Caring for your
many different, friendly dogs
can meet off the lead. If you are   breed of dog
alone with your dog on a walk,      It is important to look after the
occupy him with obedience           hygiene of your dog to maintain
exercises, games of “fetch” or      a good level of health. If you
exercises of skill. When you        wish, you may consult a dog
praise each accomplishment          grooming service or your vet.
these exercise periods will             Here are a few tips to help
make your dog very happy and        you care for your dog’s health
more balanced! In addition, a       and appearance:
dog should have as stable an
environment as possible.               Coat
                                    The best protection against ex-
                                    ternal parasites is to look after
 Early conditioning                 the coat carefully. To ensure
                                    that the dog’s environment is
 To enable your dog to develop      clean, it is recommended that
 a balanced character, it is im-
                                    the dog’s blanket is washed re-
 portant that you carefully in-
                                    gularly at 90º, if approved.
 troduce him to as many diffe-
 rent environmental stimuli as         Most dogs appreciate brus-
 possible in his youth (up until    hing on a daily basis.
 its 24th week of life). You can-      Felted patches in the coat
 not make up for this phase         should be carefully cut out /
 later!                             detached with a pair of scissors

or a special comb.
   Dogs should only be bathed
when they are very dirty. It is
best to use a pH-neutral dog
shampoo for this purpose. Dry
your dog well after his bath, or
use a hair-dryer.

                                     pect your dog’s ears. Breed with
                                     floppy ears can suffer from pro-
                                     blems caused by warmth, damp
                                     and foreign bodies.
                                        Once a week, you should
                                         wipe out the outer ear with
                                         a soft cloth and an ear loti-
                                         on which prevents fungal
                                     skin infections (available from
   Eyes                              the pet shop or from the vet).
Secretions which have formed            Should your dog’s auditory
overnight should be removed          canal be contaminated, apply
with a clean paper handker-          drops of ear lotion and massa-
chief from the corners of your       ge the ear carefully. When your
dog’s eyes every morning. Or         dog shakes afterwards, the dirt
use a little diluted calendula es-   will loosen without further in-
sence.                               tervention.
                                        Never cut the hair in your
     Ears                            dog’s ears! Simply pluck it out
It is important to regularly ins-    with a quick movement.

         Your dog’s health and fitness

    Teeth                           dry food can help to remove
You should check your dog’s         plaque.
teeth once a week. If you notice       A chew bone of rawhide
inflamed areas, broken teeth or     helps to remove plaque.
an unpleasant smell, you
should take your four-legged fri-       Paws
end to the vet.                     The best thing is to inspect your
    Dogs can suffer from tartar     dog’s paws at the end of every
in the same way as humans.          walk. Embedded foreign bo-
This must be removed by the         dies such as splinters of glass or
vet while the dog is under ana-     thorns may result in inflammati-
esthetic. To prevent tartar, ac-    ons if not removed.
custom your dog from the be-           When salt is used on the
ginning to have his teeth brus-     roads in winter, you should
hed twice a week with a dog         rinse the dog’s paws using a
toothbrush. If possible, also use   shower after he has been for a
a special dog toothpaste. If your   walk.
dog is no longer young and is
not accustomed to a tooth-             Claws
brush, a chew bone or special       The claws of dogs which often
                                    run on soft subsoil can become
                                    too long and some dogs have a
                                    tendency to have dew claws
                                    which grow too long. Specialist
                                    shops stock special nail clip-
                                    pers for dogs. The first time you
                                    need to trim your dog’s claws,
                                    please allow your vet to show
A chew bone of rawhide helps to     you how short you should cut
remove plaque.                      them.

The anal glands are at either
side of the anus and usually
emit the dog’s scent when defe-
    The glands can however be-
come blocked or inflamed in
older dogs or dogs with thin fa-
eces. If your dog suffers from
this problem let your vet show
you how to empty the glands to
avoid inflammations.

Preventative                       Worm treatment in the form of a
                                   paste is very simple to administer.
It is important to regularly de-      Here are a few tips to pre-
worm your dog to protect him       vent illnesses caused by worms:
from intestinal parasites. Also,
some types of worm can be              Deworm adult dogs at least
transferred to humans.             twice a year as a matter of rou-
    Worming treatments are         tine.
available as a paste, in tablet         Deworm bitches before
form and also as a tincture,       pregnancy and before the
which should be trickled onto      birth.
the neck of the dog. You should         A worm infestation is parti-
buy the remedy recommended         cularly dangerous for puppies.
by your vet.                       It is essential that they are de-

         Your dog’s health and fitness

wormed from their second             Vaccinations
week of life at two-weekly in-
tervals at the beginning and         In addition to looking after your
then several times at 6-weekly
                                     dog’s diet and caring for it ac-
                                     cording to its breed, you must
   Regularly thoroughly wash         ensure that it is protected by the
your dog’s food and drinking         correct vaccinations. Vaccinati-
                                     ons prevent your dog from con-
    Cook meat thoroughly be-         tracting severe diseases throug-
fore giving it to your dog to eat.   hout his life.
    Prevent your dog from ea-            Today, there are reliable vac-
ting any carcasses that he           cines against infectious disea-
finds.                               ses such as liver inflammation,
                                     leptospirosis, parvovirus, di-
    Deworm your dog for tape-
worms after a case of flea infe-     stemper, rabies and kennel
station.                             cough.

    Observe high standards of
hygiene when handling your
dog. Do not kiss him and do
not allow him to lick your
   Wash your hands thorough-
ly particularly before eating
and after working in the gar-

    If you follow these hygiene
tips, there is nothing to prevent
you enjoying the company of
your pet.

    At the beginning of their         fic data to identify the dog. The
lives, puppies receive immunity       inoculation record is your dog’s
against pathogens from the            passport when travelling abroad
breast milk. However, this natu-      for it contains all the inoculati-
ral protection lasts only for a       ons required by each country.
few weeks and young animals           Keep the inoculation record in
must be supported with vacci-         a safe place and present it for
nations to build up their immu-       every booster inoculation.
    The first stage of a vaccinati-
                                      Recognising and
on plan is basic immunisation.
On account of immunity still          avoiding danger
being available from the mo-          Apparently harmless things
ther, basic immunisation is to        can be dangerous or poisonous
be carried out when the puppy         for your dog. You should reco-
is 8 weeks old and the booster        gnise and avoid the following
immunisation at 12 weeks. A           sources of danger:
few days before its first inocula-
tion, the puppy should be trea-           Overheating
ted for worms.                        As dogs do not have many
    Your vet will advise you          sweat glands and cool their bo-
which inoculations are impor-         dies by panting, there is a risk
tant for your dog and when a          of heat stroke only minutes
booster is due.                       after overheating. You should
    The dog’s inoculation re-         never leave your dog in the car
cord will be issued at the first      in summer even if you have
visit to the vet’s for inoculati-     parked in the shade. Heat stro-
ons. This will not only contain       ke can be life threatening for
all the data concerning the ino-      dogs. A dog affected by heat
culations given, but also speci-      stroke is very weak, possibly

        Your dog’s health and fitness

                                    • Rat poison
                                    • Insecticide
                                    • Pesticide
                                    • Fertilisers
                                    • Cleaning agents
                                    • Antifreeze
                                    • Poisonous plants
unconscious and breathes hea-
                                    • Medicines
vily. His body temperature is
                                    • Nicotine
extremely high. If you should
establish these symptoms in         • Alcohol
your dog, lay him on damp to-
wels or sprinkle him with water
to cool him down and take him
to the vet immediately.            Health check
                                   at the vet’s
Ensure that there are no poiso-    Even if your dog does not have
nous materials within reach of     any health problems, you
your dog! When taking the dog      should arrange an annual health
for a walk, please make sure       check at the vet’s for him. This
that he does not eat any animal    will help the vet to diagnose de-
carcasses or poisonous bait.       veloping illnesses in good time.
You will see in the box which      Just as with humans the earlier
things should be kept away         an illness is diagnosed, the bet-
from your dog:                     ter the chances of recovery!

Recognising illnesses
Noticing changes                    Typical illnesses
in behaviour                        in pedigree dogs
Your dog cannot describe his        If possible, before acquiring
condition and cannot tell you       a pedigree dog, you should
where his pain is. In order to      find out about the illnesses
ensure the best possible chan-      typical for that type of pedi-
ce of recovery for your four-       gree.
legged friend, it is important
that you recognise the sym-        example, when he has a bro-
ptoms early and arrange treat-     ken bone or an inflamed
ment. It is helpful when you       wound as these can cause
have a clear memory of your        great pain when touched.
dog’s normal behaviour.
   The following changes in            Apathy and
behaviour should never be ig-      loss of appetitee
nored as they can indicate illn-   Unusual listlessness in your
ess.                               dog is an easily recognisable
                                   warning sign. In addition, your
    Unusual aggression             dog may also have dull eyes
If your dog suddenly displays      and a loss of appetite, which
unusually aggressive beha-         can indicate that he is ill. If
               viour this can      symptoms last longer than a
                    mean that      day you should consult a vet.
                      he is try-
                       ing to         “Sledging”
                        avoid      When your dog sits on his
                     pain. For     hindquarters and slides along

         Your dog’s health and fitness

the ground as if sledging, this is   also display behavioural attitu-
usually a sign that his anal         des which show their intention
glands are blocked or there is       to stay healthy.
an inflammation in the anal              In earlier times, dogs did not
area. It could also be that the      only hunt game, but also ate
dog is suffering from severe it-     grass and herbs. (And if they are
ching caused by an infestation       allowed, they will still do this.)
of worms.                            With their instinct for health
                                     and excellent sense of smell,
                                     dogs know what is good for
                                         Some behaviours, which we
                                     sometimes do not understand,
                                     are explained in the following

                                              Licking plaster,
                                        eating earth or small stones
Correctly                            This can indicate the dog’s in-
                                     stinct to combat a lack of mine-
interpreting your                    rals. Offer your dog additional
dog’s instinctive                    mineral supplements.

behaviour                                Excessive
Over the course of the long pe-      grass consumption
riod of their development, dog       or licking the carpet
breed have gained experience         If your dog eats a large quanti-
in dealing with illnesses and        ty of grass on his walk he is try-
pass this on as instinctive kno-     ing to treat a feeling of pressure
wledge. Our domestic dogs            in his gastrointestinal tract.

    Gnawing on objects
Nearly every puppy has a
strong impulse in his first six
months of life to gnaw at ever-
ything he sees. He is instinc-
tively trying to encourage the
growth of his new teeth Offer
him chew bones as an alterna-
tive, or tightly knotted old tex-
tiles.                                  The following descriptions
                                     will help you to recognise an
                                     infestation of parasites.
an infestation                           Fleas
of parasites                         Fleas are the most common pa-
                                     rasites with dogs. Typical sym-
If you find an infestation of pa-    ptoms are sudden scratching
rasite, this is not always a sign    and biting particularly around
of neglect. Parasites are ever-      the dog’s hindquarters. Flea
ywhere and so it is difficult to     bites can be identified as small
protect your dog from them.          red dots. Due to their speed,
    There are two groups of dog      the fleas themselves are difficult
parasites:                           to find. The presence of flea fae-
    External parasites live on       ces is usually the clearest way
the skin or in the coat, for ex-     of making a diagnosis. Should
ample, fleas, lice, ticks and        you when parting the dog’s coat
mites.                               find small black crumbs, dab
    Internal parasites live in the   these up with a piece of damp
dog, for instance, roundworms,       kitchen paper. If this really is
sporozoa and tapeworms.              flea faeces, the little crumb will

         Your dog’s health and fitness

run red on account of its blood
   Many dogs show an allergic
reaction to the saliva that the
flea leaves behind when it
bites. Severe redness and large
areas of skin damage are the
result. Humans are also some-
times bitten by these insects.
   Your dog can be freed from        will be able to see the nits –
these annoying insects if you        the parasites’ eggs – as little
use a flea preventative such as      white shiny dots on your dog’s
drops on the back of the neck        fur.
or a flea collar.                        Lice and biting lice do not
   Treating a flea infestation is    transfer to humans but you
made more difficult because its      should have your dog treated
larvae do not live on the dog        as soon as possible. He will be
but around the dog’s living          suffering from the lice sucking
area. Please allow your vet to       his blood which causes severe
advise you if you need to treat      itching and he could scratch
the area with insecticides or        himself raw!
whether just treating the dog is         Treatments involve weekly
sufficient.                          shampooing, or wearing collars
                                     or administering tinctures in
    Lice and biting lice             the form of drops on the back
If your dog begins to scratch        of the neck. As the nits are not
and chew himself, this indica-       affected by the medication, the
tes an infestation of lice or bit-   treatment must take place over
ing lice. You can see both pa-       the parasites’ four-week repro-
rasites with the naked eye. You      duction cycle.

    Ticks                               Mites
Tick bites are usually found on     Mites feed on dry skin scales.
dogs in the head and neck           Some types burrow in the upper
area. Often, dogs are not irrita-   layers of skin where they live
ted by tick infestations, but as    and lay their eggs. They cause
ticks can transmit various di-      considerable itching.
seases, it is important to have         The vet will scrape off some
them removed quickly (within        of the dog’s skin to diagnose the
24 hours).                          problem. When the dog is in-
    Pet shops supply tick twee-     fected, the mites and their eggs
zers with which you can grasp       will be visible under the
the parasites firmly and twist      microscope.
them out. The tick should not           The cure will involve trea-
be treated with alcohol or oil      ting the affected dog in an anti-
as this can result in borreliosis   mite solution once a week. Al-
pathogens occurring in your         ternatively, there are treatments
dog. Always try to remove the       which are injected into the dog
tick’s head. If it remains stuck,   and which fight the mites from
then arrange for the vet to re-     within.
move it to prevent inflammati-
on.                                     Worms
                                       Worm eggs are so small that
                                    they cannot be seen with the
                                    naked eye. So it is not surpri-
                                    sing that your dog can become
                                    infected by sniffing around in
                                    places which look absolutely
                                    clean. Worm eggs and larvae
                                    can infect your dog for months
                                    and years.

        Your dog’s health and fitness

    Dogs can be infested by ta-    these as well. (see p. 15)
peworms, roundworms, hook-
worms and whipworms. They
live in the dog’s intestine but
roundworms can also move to        diseases
the liver and lungs.               Infectious diseases are a se-
    In addition, tapeworms can     rious threat to your dog. Curing
be transferred to humans.          illnesses caused by viruses and
    Transfer does not take place   bacteria is very costly which
only by contact with infected      means that inoculation plays a
animals or sniffing at infected    very important role in fighting
faeces. The eggs of worms can      these.
also be picked up from the             The symptoms of the most
paws and coat of an animal or      common infectious diseases
even from the womb or from         are briefly outlined below.
the mother’s milk. In the case
of tapeworms, raw meat, dead           Infectious inflammation
rodents or fleas are also possi-       of the liver
ble sources of infection.          The pathogen is not related to
    Worms can result in the dog    the form of the hepatitis virus
experiencing diarrhoea, loss of    found in humans.
blood and, in puppies, even        • Infection:
death. Therefore you should        From the urine, faeces or saliva
worm your dog at least twice a     of infected dogs.
year. Should you discover evi-     • Incubation period:
dence of worms in your dog’s       2 to 5 days
faeces the condition should be     • Symptoms:
treated immediately.               Weariness, vomiting and diarr-
    If the worms were transmit-    hoea with blood, temperature,
ted by fleas you must remove       tonsillitis, pain in the front sto-

mach area, cloudy corneas.
• Prognosis/treatment:
In puppies, it can cause sud-
den death. In older dogs, the
virus activity can be limited by
administering anti-serums.

                                   Apathy can be a sign of a serious
                                   infectious disease.
Bacterial illness which can also
be found in humans.
• Infection:                           Parvovirus
From contaminated water, the       Popularly described as feline
urine of infected dogs or from     plague.
the excrement of wild rodents.     • Infection:
• Incubation period:               From the faeces and fur of in-
4 to 12 days                       fected dogs, objects, and clo-
• Symptoms:                        thing. Virus can remain infec-
Very varied symptoms and pro-      tious for months, not transmit-
gress, such as apathy, vomiting,   ted by cats.
diarrhoea (sometimes bloody),      • Incubation period:
jaundice, dehydration, dark        approximately 2 to 3 days, and
urine, inflammation of oral        7 to 14 days until the appea-
mucosa, disorder of the central    rance of clinical symptoms
nervous system.                    • Symptoms:
• Prognosis/treatment:             cardiac insufficiency with
Treat with antibiotics. Liver      shortness of breath, coughing,
and kidney function can be ir-     distended stomach, vomiting,
reparably damaged, acute           diarrhoea (sometimes bloody),
cases can result in death within   apathy, low body temperature.
only a few days.                   Also inflammation of the heart

         Your dog’s health and fitness

muscle in puppies. Intestinal        restlessness, crying, impaired
inflammations in older dogs.         balance, muscle convulsions
• Prognosis/treatment:               and cramps, hardening of the
The illness can often cause          foot pads.
death. After treatment with          • Prognosis/treatment:
continuous infusion to balance       Support the immune system,
out loss of liquids and medici-      fight accompanying bacteria
nes to support the heart mu-         with antibiotics, balance out
scle, there is often heart failure   loss of liquids. There is a positi-
or a tendency to diarrhoea.          ve prognosis when treatment
                                     takes place promptly, it is criti-
    Distemper                        cal in the case of the nervous
The distemper virus is related       system being attacked.
to the measles virus, but it can-
not be transmitted to humans.            Rabies
• Infection:                         Rabies is a fatal inflammation
From the excrement of infected       of the brain and spinal cord
dogs.                                triggered by viruses which can
• Incubation period:                 also affect humans!
3 to 6 days                          • Infection:
• Symptoms:                          From being bitten by infected
Temperature, apathy, inflam-         animals.
mation of mucous membranes           • Incubation period:
with purulent eye and nose           2 to 8 weeks, sometimes up to
secretions, coughing, vomit-         one year
ing, diarrhoea. In puppies ena-      • Symptoms:
mel hyperplasia can affect the       In the initial stages: scratching
teeth. In the nervous form: in-      at the point where bitten, chan-
flammations of the central ner-      ge in character, aggressiveness.
vous systems with jumpiness,         In the second stage: severe

restlessness, pacing up and              Kennel cough
down, long drawn out barking,        Infectious inflammation of the
fury, attacking other dogs and       windpipe and bronchial tubes
salivating.                          caused by several types of virus
In the third stage: lack of co-or-   and bacteria.
dination, collapsing, cramp          • Infection:
attacks, paralysis and even          via the respiratory tracts.
death.                               • Incubation period:
In a case of the disease known       2 to 30 days
as “dumb rabies”, the first stage    • Symptoms:
passes straight to the third and     Dry cough. In a more compli-
results in paralysis of the lower    cated case, the dog has a tem-
jaw, inability to feed, hoarse       perature, dry cough, loss of ap-
bark, salivation, apathy, and fi-    petite, bad general health.
nally paralysis in the torso and     • Prognosis/treatment:
limbs and death.                     mild cases can be easily trea-
“Atypical rabies” is chronic         ted. In a complicated case
condition lasting up to three        there is a risk of inflammation
months with diarrhoea, paraly-       of the lungs, which can be fatal
sis of the bowels, lack of co-or-    in puppies.
dination and depression.
• Prognosis/treatment:
Lethal. Any suspicion of rabies
must be notified to the authori-
ties. If you suspect your dog
has rabies you must take him to
a place of quarantine. If there is
a positive diagnosis, the dog
must be put down.

        Your dog’s health and fitness

 Health checklist
 The following checklist includes the most important criteria
 for checking your dog’s health.
 When you go to the vet’s with your dog, s/he will ask you
 similar questions.
                                                    Yes   No
     Does the dog move normally and happily?
     Does the dog have a normal appetite?
     Is the dog drinking normally?
     Are the dog’s faeces and urine normal?
     Is the dog restless at night?
     Does the dog tire quickly?
     Is his coat thick and shiny?
     Are the mucous membranes damp and pink?
     Are his eyes clear and not sticky?
     Are his teeth clean and undamaged?
     Does the dog smell as he usually does?
     Does the dog vomit frequently?
     Does the dog have diarrhoea?
     Does the dog cough frequently?
     Do the dog’s orifices discharge secretions?
     Is his body temperature normal? (37 – 39° C)
     Is his pulse normal? (70 – 120 beats/min.)

Introduction .............................................................................. 2
Keeping your dog healthy
Healthy diet ............................................................................. 3
Exercise and Games .................................................................. 5
Caring for your breed of dog ................................................... 6
Preventative worming treatments ................................................ 9
Vaccinations ............................................................................. 10
Recognising and avoiding dangers ............................................ 11
Health check at the vet’s ........................................................... 12
Recognising illnesses
Noticing changes in behaviour ................................................. 13
Correctly interpreting your dog’s instinctive behaviour ............... 14
Recognising an infestation of parasites ...................................... 15
Infectious diseases .................................................................... 18
Health checklist ........................................................................ 22

 Imprint                                     Illustrations by: Corinna Schwerdtfeger
 Published by:                               Bargteheide, 2006
 flexi – Bogdahn International
 GmbH & Co KG                                We would like to thank Dr Mathias
                                             Reese, veterinary surgeon in Hamburg,
 Carl-Benz-Weg 13                            for his editorial assistance.
 D-22941 Bargteheide
                                             To date, we have also published:
 E-Mail:                       Tips to train your dog successfully
 Internet:                      (2005)

                              Experts in
                                retractable leashes

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