An Introduction to English Lexicology Lectured by Huang xue e by yurtgc548


									         An Introduction to English Lexicology
                Lectured by Huang xue e

Lecture 1.
 Today I will make an introduction of the subject. what is it
about? First of all, I shall tell you that it is a completely-new
subject. You have never learned before.
                        What is Lexicology?

1). Aims and significance of the course of English Lexicology.
(1). What are the three elements of language?
  Speech sound,
The term lexicology contains two Greek morphemes lexicon and logie.
The former means “words”, the latter means “learning or “the study of “.
 Lexicology is the branch of linguistics concerned with the study of the
vocabulary of a given language.
 What is vocabulary?
   All the words in a language make up what is generally known as its

What is a word?
  A word is a minimal free form of a language that has a given sound, meaning
and syntactic function. To sum up the definition of a word will cover the
following points:
A minimal free form of a language;
A sound unity;
A unit of meaning;
  2) English lexicology offers students an insight into the origin and development of the
                                  English vocabulary. It

(1) the origin and development of the English vocabulary
(2) It discusses the problems of word-structure and word-formation in
(3) It deals with meanings of modern English words and their changes in
   the course of historical development
(4) It also studies the use of English words, phrases and idioms
(1) try to answer these questions such as:
* What language family does English belong to?
          * What language family does English belong to?

The low west Germanic branch of the Indo-European
  family.(Chinese belong to Sino-Tibetan)
What are the three periods of the historical development of
  the English language?
Anglo—Saxon (450-1150)
The Middle English (1150—1500)
The Modern English (1500--)
     * What is the characteristics of Old English (Modern

Old English: highly inflected and synthetic language.
Modern English: analytic language.
The English language is of a mixed character. More than half of the
   English vocabulary is derived from foreign languages. It is estimated
   that borrowings constitute 80% of the modern English.
l What are native words and borrowed words?
l What are the four major foreign elements?
Latin, Greek, French, Scandinavian
        (2) the word--- formation in English

Many students complain about their small storage of
  vocabulary. Do you know word—formation is an
  important means of vocabulary enlargement. The English
  language has increased its resources not only through the
  adoption of word from other languages, but also through
  the formation of new words with the material available in
  the language.

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