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					     TECHNIQUES
         FOR
      2-PERSON
     OFFICIATING
Mike Imergoot – MSHSAA Mechanics Interpreter
           PREGAME CONFERENCE
•   Necessary                  • Throw-ins
•   Mandatory                  • Last second shots – 3pt/2pt
•   Referee’s responsibility     goals/.3 sec or less
•   New rules                  • Technical/Intent foul
•   New mechanics                administration
•   Off ball coverage          • Resumption of play
•   Pressing defense           • Bench conduct &
                                 sportsmanship
•   Delay mechanics
                               • Correctable errors
•   Double whistles
•   Court coverage
               PRE-GAME WARM-UP

 Enter court together 15-min before game time.
 During Warm-ups
    R at 28-ft line – observes visiting team
    U at 28-ft line – observes home team
 Both observe for illegal equipment, dunking, grasping
 R checks book at 12 minutes
 R & U have pre-game conference at 5-minutes
    Discuss: floor captains; sportsmanship; legally
     equipped; out of huddle on 1st horn; jerseys in/shorts
     up; location of administrator – NO RULES
     DISCUSSIONS!
 After introductions, R jogs to division line opposite table, U
  remains at division line on table side.
             PREGAME WARM-UP

                 SCORER’S TABLE
 VISITOR BENCH                    HOME BENCH




HOME                                 VISITING
TEAM                                  TEAM




                 U          R
                        JUMP BALL
 Referee tosses
    Responsible for two jumpers
    Holds position until midcourt area clears – normally becomes the trail after
     ball is controlled
      • Becomes lead if toss is contested near the U or goes into backcourt
    Checks possession area after control is established
    Makes certain clock has started
• Umpire monitors 8 non-jumpers
      Checks for jerseys tucked-in; shorts above hips – don’t allow in!
      Chops clock
      Normally becomes lead unless ball controlled in backcourt or contested
      Rules on tap out-of-bounds behind R
       JUMP BALL MECHANICS

          SCORER’S TABLE


               U
                                                L

HOME                                 VISITING
TEAM                                  TEAM
               R


                             T
                 DIRECTION OF PLAY
       JUMP BALL TO BACKCOURT

          SCORER’S TABLE


               U
                             T


HOME                                 VISITING
TEAM                                  TEAM
                R

                                                L

                 DIRECTION OF PLAY
                 PRIMARY COVERAGE AREAS

    Lead with on-ball       SCORER’S TABLE
       coverage




L                                                                 L




                                     T
                        T

                                             Trail with on-ball
                                                 coverage
THROW-IN TO START 2ND, 3RD, & 4TH PERIODS

            SCORER’S TABLE




                                            L




             T         DIRECTION OF PLAY
    BACK COURT THROW-IN ON ENDLINE
                  SCORER’S TABLE




                                          L
T




                                          L
T    New Trail Handles All
     Throw-ins in Back Court



                                 Play
                    Direction of DIRECT
        BACK COURT THROW-IN ON SIDELINE
                      SCORER’S TABLE
T

                                              L




                                              L
         New Trail Handles All
         Throw-ins in Back Court



    T                                Play
                        Direction of DIRECT
FRONT COURT THROW-IN ON BASE LINE
          SCORER’S TABLE




                           T        L




                           T        L


                        Play
           Direction of DIRECT
FRONT COURT SIDELINE – LEAD SIDE
    (OUTSIDE FT-LINE EXTENDED)
        SCORER’S TABLE
                                T
                                    L




                                    L
                                T
                       Play
          Direction of DIRECT
FRONT COURT SIDELINE – LEAD SIDE
(INSIDE FT-LINE EXTENDED – OPTION 1)
          SCORER’S TABLE
                                 T
IF UNABLE TO BOUNCE, LEAD MAY HAND/BOUNCE
BALL TO THROWER FORCING A SWITCH W/TRAIL    L




                                 T          L

                        Play
           Direction of DIRECT
FRONT COURT SIDELINE – LEAD SIDE
(INSIDE FT-LINE EXTENDED – OPTION 2)
         SCORER’S TABLE

                                 LEAD MAY BOUNCE
                                 BALL TO THROWER   L




                                 T

                        Play
           Direction of DIRECT
FRONT COURT SIDELINE – TRAIL SIDE
         SCORER’S TABLE




                                    L




                                T
                       Play
          Direction of DIRECT
           TECHNICAL/INTENTIONAL
            FOUL ADMINISTRATION
• Official who calls foul administers at free throw line
   – No players allowed on lane
   – Hands ball to shooter
   – Administers division line throw-in for T-fouls
   – Will administer throw-in for intentional foul if it
     occurred in his primary area.
• Non-calling official stays with 9 players at mid court
  and observes
   – Becomes lead following free throws
   – Will administer throw-in for intentional foul if it
     occurred in his primary area.
TECHNICAL/INTENTIONAL FOUL ADMINISTRATION
                    SCORER’S TABLE




                                   Observes Players                 L
                REPORTS FOUL   x
                                                                    L




                                         T
                                                 ADMINISTERS FREE
                                                    THROWS




ADMINISTERS THROW-IN    T          OFFICIAL NEAREST SPOT OF FOUL
                                    ADMINISTERS THROW-IN AFTER
                     TRAIL CALLS FOUL     INTENTIONAL FOUL
TECHNICAL/INTENTIONAL FOUL ADMINISTRATION
                    SCORER’S TABLE




                                                                    L
                                       REPORTS FOUL
                                   X
                                                                    L
               OBSERVES PLAYERS




                                       T              ADMINISTERS
                                                      FREE THROWS




  ADMINISTERS THROW-IN   T              OFFICIAL NEAREST SPOT OF
                                       FOUL ADMINISTERS THROW-IN
                     LEAD CALLS FOUL     AFTER INTENTIONAL FOUL
        FOUL CALLING & REPORTING

• Calling Official
    Sound whistle one time.
    Raise one hand with fist clenched and arm straight
     and move toward the offending player.
    Indicate color, number and infraction at the spot
     of the foul.
    “Bird-dog” only if necessary to clarify.
        Calling Official (Cont’d)
• Indicate throw-in spot, direction of play, or
  free throws to non-calling official and other
  players.
• If a basket has been scored signal to count as
  soon as it has been legally scored.
• Attend to dead-ball situation at point of foul
  before reporting to table.
            Non-calling Official
• Freeze field of vision to observe players until
  calling official completes reporting process.
• Ignore the ball during reporting.
• After reporting is complete, move to
  appropriate position.
• ALWAYS SWITCH ON EVERY FOUL1
           REPORTING FOULS
• Calling official moves to reporting area and
  comes to a complete stop.
• Get eye contact with scorer
• Slowly indicate color, number, infraction, and
  throw-in spot or number of free throws
• Complete all communication before admitting
  a substitute or granting a time-out.
             FOUL ADMINISTRATION WITH FREE THROWS
                                    SCORER’S TABLE                          New lead
                                                                         administers free
                                                                       throws; watches 1st
                                                                       marked lane spaces
                                                                        on each side; and
                                   T                                   space 2/3 opposite.

                               REPORTS FOUL   x                                              L
                                                                                             L
                                                                                             L




L                                                             T
                                                                    T T
                                 New trail watches
                                 shooter, 2nd /3rd marked
                                 opposite lane spaces & all
                                 non-marked spaces.
    If foul in back court, officials                          If foul in front court,
    must still switch.                                        officials must switch.
                                      TRAIL CALLS FOUL
           FOUL ADMINISTRATION WITH FREE THROWS
                                       SCORER’S TABLE                      New lead
                                                                        administers free
                                                                      throws; watches 1st
                                                                      marked lane spaces

                                   T      REPORTS FOUL   x
                                                                       on each side; and
                                                                      space 2/3 opposite.

                        REPORTS FOUL     x                                                  L
                                                                                            L
                                                                                            L




L                          New trail watches
                                                             T
                           shooter, 2nd /3rd marked
                           opposite lane spaces & all              T T
                           non-marked spaces.

    If foul in back court, officials                         If foul in front court,
    must still switch.                                       officials must switch.
                                       LEAD CALLS FOUL
         FOUL ADMINISTRATION WITH NO FREE THROWS
                                       SCORER’S TABLE                        New lead takes
                    T                                                       position opposite
                                                                                new trail

                                         T                        T
New trail administers
throw-in in back court
                                          REPORTS FOUL   x
                                                                                                L




L                                                                                               L

                                                             L
                                                                       T

    If foul in back court, officials                             If foul in front court,
    must still switch.
                                       TRAIL CALLS FOUL          officials must switch.
         FOUL ADMINISTRATION WITH NO FREE THROWS
                     T                SCORER’S TABLE                       New lead takes
                                                                          position opposite
                                                                              new trail

                                                                T
    New trail administers
    throw-in in back court
                                        T   REPORTS FOUL   x
                                            X                                                 L




L                                                                                             L

                                                           L
                                                                     T

       If foul in back court,                                  If foul in front court,
       officials must still switch.
                                      LEAD CALLS FOUL          officials must switch.
     TIME-OUT POSITIONS


 The official who calls the time out will stand
  facing the table on the division line (on the
  circle nearest the table for a 30-sec time-out &
  on the circle farthest from the table for a 60-sec
  time-out or intermission.

 The non-administering official will stand at the
  throw-in spot holding the ball indicating
  direction of play; or at the free throw line.
         TIME-OUT POSITIONS
                 SCORER’S TABLE

     THROW-IN
L   AFTER TIME
       OUT
                     30- SEC


                       T
                                  FREE THROW
                                   AFTER TIME
                                      OUT

                       T
                                  L
                     60- SEC
POSITIONS DURING INTERMISSIONS
            SCORER’S TABLE


        Officials should assume these
        positions during intermission
          between quarters and any
                 extra periods




                    U



                    R          Direction of Play

				
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