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NATURAL HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY

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NATURAL HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY Powered By Docstoc
					WOMEN’S HEALTH ISSUES Part 1
Presented by:

Tom Schnorr R.Ph., C.C.N.
Apothecary Shop 11645 Angus Rd #1 Austin, TX 78759

NATURAL HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY
THE USE OF BIO-IDENTICAL PLANT DERIVED HORMONES IN WOMENS HEALTH

Menopausal Symptoms of Estrogen Deficiency
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Hot flashes Hair loss Dry skin Sleep disruption Night sweats Anxiety Vaginal dryness Vaginal atrophy

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Irritability Memory loss Depression Nervousness Diminished sex drive Painful intercourse Urinary incontinence Heart palpitations

Synthetic vs. Natural vs. Bioidentical
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“Synthetic” HRT

“Patented” or “Conventional” or “Artificial”

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Usually not found in nature or at least not in

humans
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Chemically altered from structure of human hormone

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Not identical in structure or functions to the
bio-identical hormones they emulate

Synthetic vs. Natural vs. Bioidentical
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“Natural” HRT

Should refer to what’s natural to the human body in physiological amounts and ratios To layperson, natural means not man-made May refer to plant or animal source
 Precursors  Premarin®

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found in yam or soy plants

from pregnant horses’ urine

Synthetic vs. Natural vs. Bioidentical
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“Bio-identical” Hormones

Hormones that have the exact molecular structure as those made in the human body

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Produce the same physiological responses as
endogenous hormones Should be administered in a manner that imitates the body’s natural ratios and mechanisms

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Conventional “Estrogen” Therapy
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Possible Unwanted Side Effects
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Breast tenderness, high blood pressure,

gallstones, vaginal bleeding, fluid retention,
blood clots, nausea & vomiting, headaches, leg cramps, impaired glucose tolerance, worsened

uterine fibrosis and endometriosis, jaundice, and
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Increased risk of endometrial cancer and breast cancer

Bio-identical Hormones
Estrone (E1)* Estradiol (E2)*

Estriol (E3)*
Progesterone* Testosterone* Dehydroepiandosterone (DHEA) Pregnenolone Androstenedione

Bio-identical Estrogens
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There are three major estrogens produced by our bodies:

100 80
%

Estrone (E1) Estradiol (E2) Estriol (E3)

60 40 20 0

Estrone

Estradiol

Estriol

Bio-identical Estrogens
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Human Estrogen
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Premarin

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Estradiol 10-20% Estrone Estriol 10-20%

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Estradiol (& others) 5-19% Estrone 75-80% Equilin 6-15%

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60-80%

Bio-identical Estrogens
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Human Estrogen
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Tri-Est (original) 2.5 mg

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Estradiol 10-20% Estrone 10-20% Estriol 60-80%

Estradiol 0.25 mg (10%) Estrone 0.25 mg (10%) Estriol 2.0 mg (80%)
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Bi-est (Original) 2.5mg Estradiol 0.5mg (20%) Estriol 2.0mg (80%)

Benefits of Estrogen Replacement
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Reduced risk of heart disease
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Cardiovascular benefits Improves the lipid profile by:  Lowering LDLs (bad cholesterol)  Increasing HDLs (good cholesterol)

? The cardiovascular risks are reduced by more than half.

Benefits of Estrogen Replacement in Osteoporosis
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Imbalance in bone formation and bone resorption
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Reduces incidence of osteoporotic fractures by 50%. Works by preventing bone resorption.

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Urogenital Atrophy
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Vaginal epithelium has the highest concentration of estrogen receptors in the body. Decreased vascularity Thinning of the blood vessel walls Thin vaginal epithelium Increased vaginal discharge Decreased elasticity Frequent urinary tract infections Atrophic vaginitis

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Reduced risk of cancer
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Additional Benefits of Bio-identical Estrogen Replacement

Estriol indicated to be “safest” estrogen Metabolites of Premarin®, Estrone, and Estradiol thought to be carcinogenic

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Less potential undesirable side effects than with conventional synthetics
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Only approximately 20% of women who start conventional HRT remain on it 2 years later

Effects on the Skin
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Skin water content

Collagen
Skin thickness

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Estrogen helps reduce risk of memory disorders by (ex. Alzheimer’s):
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Benefits of Estrogen Replacement

Stimulating acetylcholine production Promoting new growth of nerve connections in the brain Increased reaction time, mental alertness, verbal ability, and cognitive capacity.

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Estrogen Dominance
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Relative excess of estrogen
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High fluctuations of peri-menopause Overdosing of estrogen Lack of progesterone to balance

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Symptoms include:
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Fatigue, breast tenderness, fluid retention, headaches, sweet cravings, decreased libido, heavy or irregular menstruation, weight gain, fibrocystic breasts, uterine fibroids, mood swings, loss of scalp hair

ESTROGEN DOMINANCE
POTENTIAL CAUSES OF ESTROGEN DOMINANCE

EXCESSIVE CALORIE INTAKE DIET SUGARS AND HIGHLY REFINED STARCHES STRESS CORTISOL ANOVULATORY CYCLES PHARMACUTICALS BIRTH CONTROL PILLS ENVIROMENTAL EXPOSURE TO XENOESTROGENS NUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES IMPAIRED LIVER FUNCTION

ERT AND HRT

Benefits of Progesterone Therapy
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Balances the effects of estrogens
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Counteracts the symptoms of estrogen dominance, especially breast tenderness, fluid retention, headaches, break through bleeding, sleep disturbances, irritability, loss of libido, loss of scalp hair

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Decrease uterine fibroids

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Protects against fibrocystic breasts
Decreases cramping

Progestins vs. Progesterone
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Progestins are synthetic, man-made molecules developed to mimic the actions of natural progesterone. Progestins do not have the full range of activity of natural progesterone. Natural progesterone is a molecule that is plant derived and is bio-identical to the hormone produced in our bodies.

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Progesterone
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Oldest known sex hormone Present in every human regardless of age

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Produced by the ovaries and adrenal glands
Secreted by the corpus luteum Has receptors in almost every cell in the body Acts on uterus, breasts, brain, smooth muscle, kidneys, bones, and cellular membranes Metabolized to other active hormones

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Side Effect Profile
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Progesterone Slight to moderate drowsiness

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Synthetic Progestins Breast tenderness Acne Bloating Depression Vision changes Thrombosis Migraine And more……….

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Progesterone works in harmony with Estrogens to prevent bone loss and promote bone growth. Natural Progesterone has been shown to increase bone density as much as 15%. Medroxyprogesterone does NOT have the same action on bone density.

Progesterone and Osteoporosis

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Combination Hormonal Therapy
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In most cases, it is beneficial to use a combination of estrogen and progesterone to obtain hormonal balance.
One without the other can lead to a dominance of one hormone. Estrogen and Progesterone have reciprocal actions at the cellular level.

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Testosterone in Women
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Women produce about 0.3 mg of Testosterone daily pre-menopausal.

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Women rely on adrenal androgens androstenedione and DHEA for 50% of their total supply of testosterone.
Production by the ovary varies with the menstrual cycle, peaking at ovulation due to the LH surge.

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Benefits of Testosterone
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Maintaining normal libido and response Increasing bone mineral density and preventing further decline into osteoporosis Maintaining lean body mass, strength and stamina Improved mood, memory and structural integrity of the brain itself

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Benefits of Testosterone
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Increased levator ani support and control of sphincters Provides cardiovascular protection (lowers cholesterol) Maintains skin and hair health Improved quality of life

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Dosing Guidelines
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PMS

Progesterone
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Oral administration of SR capsules
25 to 400 mg daily  Twice a day dosing  Give cyclically days 14 through 25
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Topical administration
5 to 50 mg daily  Dose 2 or more times a day  Give cyclically days 14 through 25
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Dosing Guidelines
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Peri-Menopause Oral administration of SR capsules  Progesterone
25 to 200 mg daily  Dose once or twice a day  Give cyclically days 14 through 25
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Tri-estrogen or Bi-estrogen
If Progesterone alone doesn’t control symptoms  0.625 to 2.5 mg daily  Dose once or twice a day  Give cyclically days 1 through 25  Continue Progesterone as above
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Dosing Guidelines
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Peri-Menopause Topical administration
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Progesterone
5 to 50 mg daily  Once or twice a day dosing  Give cyclically days 14-25
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Bi-estrogen
If Progesterone alone doesn’t control symptoms  0.625 to 1.25 mg daily  Apply once or twice daily  Give cyclically days 1-25  Continue Progesterone as above
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Dosing Guidelines
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Menopause—Surgical Oral administration of SR capsules
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Tri-estrogen or Bi-estrogen
1.25 to 2.5 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day  May use continuously or stop 3-5 days per month
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Progesterone
25 to 200 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day  May use continuously or stop 3-5 days per month
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Testosterone
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1.25 to 2.5 mg daily, dosed once a day 5 to 25 mg daily, dosed once a day

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DHEA (Optional)
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Dosing Guidelines
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Menopause—Surgical Topical administration
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Bi-estrogen
0.625 to 1.25 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day  May use continuously or stop 3-5 days per month
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Progesterone
20 to 50 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day  May use continuously or stop 3-5 days per month
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Testosterone
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0.25 to 2.0 mg daily, dosed once a day 2.5 to 10 mg daily, dosed once a day

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DHEA (Optional)
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Dosing Guidelines
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Post-Menopause Oral administration of SR capsules
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Tri-estrogen or Bi-estrogen
1.25 to 2.5 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day  May use continuously or stop 3-5 days per month
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Progesterone
25 to 200 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day  May use continuously or stop 3-5 days per month
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Testosterone
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1.25 to 2.5 mg daily, dosed once a day 5 to 25 mg daily, dosed once a day

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DHEA (Optional)
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Dosing Guidelines
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Post-Menopause Topical administration
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Bi-estrogen
0.625 to 1.25 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day  May use continuously or stop 3-5 days per month
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Progesterone
20 to 50 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day  May use continuously or stop 3-5 days per month
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Testosterone
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0.25 to 2.0 mg daily, dosed once a day 2.5 to 10 mg daily, dosed once a day

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DHEA (Optional)
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Dosing Guidelines
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Post-menopause
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Hormone replacement therapy is needed to maintain vital functions such as cardiovascular, liver, bone, brain, skin, etc., even when the patient is asymptomatic as far as the typical symptoms of menopause. Use lower doses if patient is asymptomatic. Patient/physician may decide to use cyclically and continue a natural menstrual cycle

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Dosing Guidelines
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Cancer risk patients
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Progesterone
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Oral SR capsules
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50 to 200 mg daily, dosed twice a day 20 to 50 mg daily, dosed twice a day

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Topical
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Estriol
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Oral SR capsule
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2 to 8 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day 0.5 to 4 mg daily, dosed once or twice a day

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Topical
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Triturate up until symptoms become tolerable  Indole-3-Carbinol, FOS, Iodine, anti-oxidants, nutrition, diet, and exercise should be considered
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Adjunctive Therapies
Phytoestrogens
Black Cohosh Dong Guai
Chaste Berry Soy
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Others
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Licorice root, Mother Wort, Flaxseed, Evening Primrose Oil, Chamomile, Skull Cap, Valerian Root

Adjunctive Therapies
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Other Factors

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Healthy Diet Regular Exercise Lifestyle Modification Nutritional Supplementation Pharmaceutical Agents

QUESTIONS???

Dosing Guidelines
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Please note: dosing guidelines are meant to be used as a reference only and are the sole opinion of the author based on his experiences. They in no way indicate a recommendation for any product, patient, or clinical situation. Individual dosage should be determined based on the results of a hormone/total health evaluation of each patient.


				
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