Biological Sciences - Bachelor of Science
What is Biological Sciences - Bachelor of Science?
Biology is the scientific study of life and life processes. Biologists study the organization of life, from the structures
of molecules to the balance of ecosystems. Biology majors learn to observe critically the details of all life; they
analyze data and apply biological knowledge learned in the classroom to draw conclusions about their
Biologists are able to make significant contributions to maintaining the health and well-being of the human
population, as well as preserving and protecting the environment. They develop a knowledge base and scientific
way of thinking that will enable them to make informed personal health and public policy decisions.
Students who have an interest in the living world around them, how the body works, the causes of diseases, etc.,
will often find a biology major very rewarding. Successful biology majors are good at making careful observations
and recording information in a logical way. They excel at analyzing that information (critical thinking), which often
involves employing basic math skills. Since many science courses involve laboratories, students who enjoy active,
hands-on learning will enjoy the biology major. Visual learners will especially appreciate the beauty and complexity
of the natural world. The major requires a significant amount of hard work and study time, but can result in a very
Graduates with a BS in biology have a wide range of career options as well as options for graduate study in
biology. With a BS degree in Biology, graduates may immediately enter careers in some technical fields or they
may pursue a post-graduate degree. A few examples of career fields open to biology majors include:
• Academic, industrial, environmental/organismal, medical/pharmaceutical researcher
• Physician, optometrist, dentist, chiropractor
• Physician assistant, physical therapist, imaging technologist
• Law, specifically areas that include environmental issues and patent law requiring a solid scientific
• Medical lab technologist, nurse
• College/university, middle/high school educator
• Forestry, horticulture, park service, wildlife/fishery biologist
• Regulatory affairs specialist
• Veterinarian, zookeeper
Additional career options are listed on the Career Development Center's website.
Majoring in Biological Sciences - Bachelor of Science
The study of biology includes several subdisciplines, and the major offers students the flexibility to create their own
course of study within this range of possibilities. Majors begin by establishing a broad base in the discipline, taking
a three-quarter sequence in introductory biology (lecture/lab), followed by three quarters of sophomore biology
(lecture/lab): genetics (fall quarter), cell structure and function (winter quarter) and ecology (spring quarter). During
the final two years, biology majors must complete a minimum of six upper-level electives in biology, of which at
least two must include a laboratory component. Undergraduate research may be used to fulfill one of the lab
requirements. If undergrad research is used, it must be a minimum of 3 credits and the work must be presented
The Department of Biological Sciences in McMicken College of Arts & Sciences (A&S) is now offering students the
option of graduating with a concentration in a specific area of biology. The concentrations offered are biology of
plants, biology of animals, cell and molecular biology, biomedical studies and ecology and evolution. To graduate
with one of these concentrations, a student must declare the particular concentration of their major and then select
six upper level courses and the capstone from lists of appropriate courses within the concentration. At graduation,
the transcript will indicate the field of concentration along with the BS in biology. Students are not required to
choose a concentration. They can choose their biology major electives to match their interests (whether focused or
varied) and thus earn a general degree in biological sciences.
McMicken College's flexible degree requirements allow for and highly encourage students to pursue multiple areas
of study. Free electives allow for enough credits for students to pursue a minor, certificate program or even
complete a second major. Students who have selected this concentration have completed second majors or minors
in a number of different fields, for example those listed below.
• Chemistry (BA or minor)
• Environmental studies
• Geographic information sciences
Experiential learning is a large part of the biology undergraduate major. Students are strongly encouraged to
conduct research and take unique courses such as this field course held at the Cincinnati Center for Field Studies
at Miami Whitewater Forest. Watch the YouTube Video. Internships can also be completed for free elective credit.
Minoring in Biological Sciences - Bachelor of Science
Students working toward an undergraduate degree at UC can earn a minor, while non-degree students (e.g.,
graduate students, non-matriculated students) can earn a certificate. The requirements are the same for both. See
the undergraduate student advisor in the Department of Biological Sciences to create a plan to meet the
requirements outlined below.
Course Name Course Number Credits
Foundations of Applied Calculus (or substitution, or waiver) MATH 224 (QR) 3
Applied Calculus I & II MATH 226-227 (QR)  6
Biology Lecture and Lab BIOL 101/111-102/112- 15
First Year Chemistry Lecture and Lab CHEM 101/111-102/112- 15
Sophomore Biology BIOL 302, 301, 303  12
Upper-level biology course see course list  3-5
Upper-level biology course with lab see course list  3-5
1. Mathematics: Also accepted:
a. Elementary Probability & Statistics (STAT 147, 148, 149), 9 credits
b. Calculus I & II (MATH 251 & 252/256), 10 credits
2. 15BIOL101/111-102/112-103/113 with a GPA of 2.0 or better and 15CHEM101/111-102/112-103/113 with
a GPA of 2.0 or better must be completed before taking 15BIOL302, 301 and 303.
3. The choice of these upper-level biology courses should be discussed with the courses' instructors to
prevent possible problems with a lack of the prerequisites such as organic chemistry or physics.
Biology Major Requirements Checklist
College Requirements Checklist
Note: After entering McMicken College of Arts & Sciences, biology majors must take all required courses in
mathematics, chemistry, physics and biology from the College of Arts & Sciences unless prior permission is
obtained. See details below. 
First Year Course Number Credits
*English Composition ENGL 101, 102 6
Foundations of Applied Calculus (or substitution, or waiver) MATH 224 (QR) 0-3
Applied Calculus I & II MATH 226, 227 (QR)  6
Biology Lecture and Lab BIOL 101/111, 102/112, 15
First Year Chemistry Lecture and Lab CHEM 101/111, 102/112, 15
Introduction to Statistics (if not taking 224) STAT 241  0-4
Total for first year 45-46
Second Year Course Number Credits
*Intermediate Composition ENGL 289 3
Introduction to Statistics (if not already completed) STAT 241  0-4
Sophomore Biology BIOL 302, 301, 303  12
Organic Chemistry Lecture and Lab CHEM 201/211, 202/212, 16
*Humanities (HU) see offerings 3
*Social Sciences (SS) see offerings 3
*Literature (LT) see offerings 3
Free electives (recommended to count in a minor or other see options 1-4
Total for second year 45
Third & Fourth Years Course Number Credits
Two Upper Level Biology Major Elective Courses with Lab see course list  Minimum 6
Four Upper Level Biology Major Elective Courses see course list  Minimum 12
College Physics PHYS 101/111, 102/112, 15
Biology Capstone (added to a certain biology course) BIOL 686  1
*Foreign Language see checklist 15-18
*Social Sciences (SS) see offerings 6
*Historical Perspectives (HP) see offerings 9
*Humanities, Literature, or Fine Arts (HU, LT, or FA) see offerings 3
*Social & Ethical Issues (if not already taken, SE) see offerings 3
Free electives (recommended to count in a minor or other see options 17-20
Total for third & fourth years 90
Total overall Minimum 180
*Needed to fulfill A&S college requirements.
 Note: After entering McMicken College of Arts & Sciences, biology majors must take all required courses in
mathematics, chemistry and biology within A&S unless prior permission is obtained. To obtain permission, students
must see the biology department academic advisor and submit a formal, written petition to the Biological Sciences
Undergraduate Affairs Committee, which will consider the request. Petition forms are available in the departmental
office, 614 Rieveschl Hall.
 Mathematics: A major in biological sciences must take either (a) or (b):
(a) Applied Calculus I & II, MATH 226 & 227 (6 credits)
(b) Calculus I & II, MATH 251, 252/256 (10 credits)
 Introduction to Statistics, STAT 241: Required for students beginning in 09A. Students can request that other
statistics courses be considered as a substitution on their degree audit. Contact the Biology major advisor to
request a substitution.
 BIOL 101/111-102/112-103/113 with a GPA of 2.0 or better in lectures and CHEM 101/111-102/112-103/113
with a GPA of 2.0 or better in lectures must be completed before taking BIOL 302, 301 and 303.
 Organic Chemistry: Sequence should be taken at the same time (or before) BIOL 301, 302 and 303.
 Upper Level Biology Major Electives - Students must complete a minimum of six (6) upper level biology elective
courses, of which two (2) must include a laboratory experience. These courses must be selected from the list of
Upper Level Biology Elective Courses published by the department each year, and must be at least three (3)
credits each. One laboratory experience may be fulfilled by completing three (3) credits of Undergraduate
Research in a single quarter and presenting the work at an approved research forum. Click for more details.
 Physics: A major in biological sciences usually completes the physics requirements by taking (a) or (b).
Students are advised to complete their physics requirements in the third or fourth year:
(a) College Physics with lab PHYS 101-102-103, 111-12-13 (15 cr.) recommended for most students
(b) General Physics with lab PHYS 201-202-203, 211-12-13 (15 cr.)
 Capstone: The Department of Biological Sciences has a number of options for fulfilling the capstone
requirement of the general education program. These may be taken late in the junior year or in the senior year. The
options include several courses which have been designated "capstone courses." These are generally courses
which require synthesis of material from a number of different fields of biology. With the permission of the
instructor, the student may designate the course to fulfill the capstone requirement.
 Note: Completing a minor in Chemistry requires only 9 additional quarter credits beyond those required for the
BS in Biology.
A paper or presentation beyond the regular requirements of the course may be required. Other options include
summer fieldwork at a biology field station, research in a biology lab, either in the biology department or another
part of the university, or work as an assistant teaching assistant (ATA) in one of the undergraduate laboratories. In
each of these cases, there is a written component and a presentation required to complete the capstone
experience. More details about capstone options are available on the biology website. Click for a Checklist of
Biology Major Requirements.
UC Advantages and Special Opportunities
Students in McMicken College of Arts & Sciences enjoy many benefits afforded through study at a research-
intensive institution ranked among the nation's top 25 public research universities. UC's urban, tri-state location
offers exciting opportunities for global education, research and service learning, while its student-centered focus
includes an 11:1 student-faculty ratio, a nationally recognized Center for Exploratory Studies and a highly
successful First Year Experience program that teaches critical skills for first-year students and provides
connections with important campus resources.
Faculty within the Department of Biological Sciences are actively engaged in research in a variety of areas.
Undergraduates have the opportunity to participate in this research and can earn academic credit that can be
applied toward their upper-level biology course requirements. Outstanding undergraduates (with a GPA of at least
3.3 overall) may apply for admission to the honors program in biology as early as the spring quarter of their
Teaching laboratories within the department are well-equipped and devoted to undergraduate education. Faculty
are involved and dedicated to employing new teaching methods and technology that enrich students’ educational
Admission criteria for this program vary based on the relative strength of test scores, class rank and GPA. Please
see the Freshman Class Profile for this major in the Quick Facts sidebar on this page for the range of academic
credentials typically accepted into this program. Test scores in the lower range may be acceptable with higher
class rank and/or GPA.
Freshmen applying to this program should also have completed the following state of Ohio articulation
requirements with no more than two units missing:
• English (4 units)*
• College-preparatory mathematics (3 units)*
• Science (2 units)
• Social science (2 units)
• Foreign language (2 units)*
• Additional college-prep subjects (3 units)
*McMicken College of Arts & Sciences does not allow units missing from these areas.
Transferring to UC Requirements
Applicants to A&S whose most recent enrollment was not in any of the UC colleges must apply through the Office
of Admissions. Applicants in this category must submit transcripts for all secondary school and college-level work.
A cumulative GPA of 2.0 for all college-level work is required for admission consideration. Admission to A&S is
generally available for any off-campus applicants who have received an associate degree from an accredited
college or university and whose cumulative GPA is 2.0 or higher.
University transfer scholarships are available to those who meet specific requirements and ANY admitted A&S
transfer student might qualify for an A&S transfer scholarship. Deadlines and eligibility criteria are online via the
Changing Majors within UC Requirements
Applicants to A&S whose most recent enrollment was as a degree student in one of UC’s other colleges can apply
directly to the A&S college office. Admission to A&S is generally available for any on-campus students who have:
• at least a 2.0 GPA in all college-level courses (both at UC and at other institutions),
• successfully completed two quarters of English Composition or its equivalent and
• gained credit for a college-level mathematics course.
A&S students must meet the college residency requirement of 45.0 hours which begins immediately upon
matriculation in the college and consists of courses taught by McMicken College of Arts & Sciences.
To graduate from McMicken College of Arts & Sciences, students must:
• Earn at least 180 credits. This can include transfer credit, AP credit and free electives, but does not include
preparatory coursework. Students who have met all other degree requirements must continue earning
credit until the total number of their earned hours comes to at least 180.
• Attain a 2.0 grade point average for all courses taken at the University of Cincinnati.
• Be in good academic standing, that is, not on either academic probation or disciplinary probation or
• Complete the residency requirement by earning at least 45 credits after matriculating into the college.
These minimum 45 credits must be taught within A&S (15) and also must be completed after gaining
admission to the college.
• Complete all of the requirements of at least one major (see major requirements above).
• Complete the College Core Requirements.
• Submit an application for graduation to the registrar's office by their posted deadline.
UC operates on a quarter system, with 10-week grading periods beginning in late September, early January, late
March and mid-June. While midyear admission is possible, fall quarter is generally the best time to enter the
college, since many course sequences begin in that quarter. Applicants to McMicken College of Arts & Sciences
who are enrolled or who were previously enrolled as degree-seeking students in A&S or in other UC colleges
should apply for admission directly to A&S (in French West, 2nd Floor). All other applicants who wish to earn an
undergraduate degree from A&S should apply through the Office of Admissions (3rd Floor, University Pavilion).