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Encomienda System and Slavery - capehistory

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					ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM AND
      SLAVERY
 ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM
 The Encomienda System maybe described as a
  system of tributory labor established in the Spanish
  Americas.
 This system was establish as a means of
  Christianizing, obtaining proper housing and food
  provision of the indigenous people in return for
  their services as slaves.
 The Encomienda System began on Columbus’ third
  voyage to Hispaniola.
 The ideology of Encomienda included another system
  called Repartmiento.
 Developed as a means of securing an adequate and
  cheap labour supply, (partmiento), in Spanish
  colonial practice, usually, the distribution of
  indigenous people for forced labor.
CONT’D

 In a broader sense it referred to any official
  distribution of goods, property, services, and the like.
  From as early as 1499, deserving Spaniards were
  allotted pieces of land, receiving at the same time
  the native people living on them; these allotments
  were known as Encomienda [Span. Encomendar-to
  entrust], the Encomienda was first used over the
  conquered Moors of Spain. and the process was the
  Repartmiento; the two words were often used
  interchangeably. The Encomienda was almost
  always accompanied by a system of forced labor and
  other assessments exacted from the indigenous
  people
     THE PURPOSE OF THE
   ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM AND
          SLAVERY
 To gain gold and glory for Spain
 To spread Christianity
 To gain more Spanish territories
  for the king
 To control the natives
THE CAUSES OF THE END OF THE
ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM
 The rate of the natives decreased.
 King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
 regretted giving Columbus so much
 power and sent a representative to
 observe the running of the
 Encomienda System. This
 representative reported negative
 treatments of the indigenous people
 thus leading to the termination of the
 system by the King and Queen .
Cont.

 There were too many revolts as
  some Spaniards and Caciques
  fought against the system.
IMPACTS OF THE ENCOMIENDA
SYSTEM
Negative                 Positive
 Death of several        The encomenderos
  native Indians           got work completed
  because of over –        at a faster rate.
  working , starvation    The Spanish colony
  and diseases             earned an income
 Deculturalization       Christianity was
 Suicide and              spread
  infanticide             The encomenderos
 Genocide                 got land
BIBLIOGRAPHY

 Claypole William, Robottom John.(2001).
  Caribbean Story Bk1. 33 second street,
  Newport West, P.O. Box 489, Kingston
  Jamaica: Longman publishing house.
 Free online Encyclopedia
 Jemmont Jenny, Josephs Alreic and Monteith
  Kathleen.(2010). The Caribbean, the Atlantic
  World and Global Transformation.
  Department of History and Archaeology:
  university of the West indies.
      GROUP MEMBERS

 SHANICE GIBBS
 DARIAN CAMPBELL
 CHANTEL RHULE
 SHANEKA JOHNSON

				
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posted:4/19/2013
language:English
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