ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM AND
The Encomienda System maybe described as a
system of tributory labor established in the Spanish
This system was establish as a means of
Christianizing, obtaining proper housing and food
provision of the indigenous people in return for
their services as slaves.
The Encomienda System began on Columbus’ third
voyage to Hispaniola.
The ideology of Encomienda included another system
Developed as a means of securing an adequate and
cheap labour supply, (partmiento), in Spanish
colonial practice, usually, the distribution of
indigenous people for forced labor.
In a broader sense it referred to any official
distribution of goods, property, services, and the like.
From as early as 1499, deserving Spaniards were
allotted pieces of land, receiving at the same time
the native people living on them; these allotments
were known as Encomienda [Span. Encomendar-to
entrust], the Encomienda was first used over the
conquered Moors of Spain. and the process was the
Repartmiento; the two words were often used
interchangeably. The Encomienda was almost
always accompanied by a system of forced labor and
other assessments exacted from the indigenous
THE PURPOSE OF THE
ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM AND
To gain gold and glory for Spain
To spread Christianity
To gain more Spanish territories
for the king
To control the natives
THE CAUSES OF THE END OF THE
The rate of the natives decreased.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
regretted giving Columbus so much
power and sent a representative to
observe the running of the
Encomienda System. This
representative reported negative
treatments of the indigenous people
thus leading to the termination of the
system by the King and Queen .
There were too many revolts as
some Spaniards and Caciques
fought against the system.
IMPACTS OF THE ENCOMIENDA
Death of several The encomenderos
native Indians got work completed
because of over – at a faster rate.
working , starvation The Spanish colony
and diseases earned an income
Deculturalization Christianity was
Suicide and spread
infanticide The encomenderos
Genocide got land
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Caribbean Story Bk1. 33 second street,
Newport West, P.O. Box 489, Kingston
Jamaica: Longman publishing house.
Free online Encyclopedia
Jemmont Jenny, Josephs Alreic and Monteith
Kathleen.(2010). The Caribbean, the Atlantic
World and Global Transformation.
Department of History and Archaeology:
university of the West indies.